UNIT 8 COPING WITH AN EDUCATIONAL PROBLEM I. I. Key words & phrases
better off break down
compete with in amazement
make a living by run out of
search for sum up
this year ' s graduate 应届毕业生
golden collar worker 金领工人
net capital 净资本
academic credit system 学分制
like water off duck 's back 把…当耳边风
bullet train 子弹头列车
quality of population 人口素质
heuristic education 启发式教育
teach through lively activities 寓教于乐emeritus professor 名誉教授
degrade oneself 掉（身价）
stamp the card 打卡
WAP phone 上网手机
excessive consumption 提前消费
top student 高材生
inter-disciplinary talent 复合型人才
human capital 人力资本
intensive training class 强化班
alleviate burdens on students 减负
online love affair 网恋
magnet train 磁悬列车
in-word 流行字眼basic education 基础教育
education for all-round development 素质教育(thesis)oral defense (毕业论文)答辩jerry-built project 豆腐渣工程
go Dutch AA 制
stealth aircraft 隐形飞机
broadband networks 宽带网
II. Vocabulary & Structure
1．Last year, the crime rate in Chicago has sharply ___ .
A. declined C. descended
B. lessened D. slipped
2. The sight of physical suffering always _____ me.
A. upset C. ignore
B. upright D. uneasy
3. ____ energy under the earth must be released in one form or another, for example,
4.We are interested
in the weather because it _______ us directly —What we wear, what
we do and even how we feel.
A. benefits C. effects
B. affects D. guides
5.We' ve ____ sugar. Ask Mr. Jones to lend us some.
A. run away with
C. run off
B. run down D run out of
6.Many of us thought she had a _____ occupation because she had a low salary.
C. humble B. admirable D respectable
7.My boss always carries a _____ computer with him when he attends meetings.
A. probable C. portage
B. popular D. portable
8.He lost the ____ of sight after the car accident.
A. capability C. faculty
B. capacity D. facility
9.Thank you for applying for a position with our firm. We don ' t have any openings at this, but we shall keep your application on _______ for two months.
C. sequence B. segment
10.When he began speaking in English, the little girl looked at him ________________ amazement.
A. at C. in
B. to D. on
11.It is through learning that the individual ________________ many habitual ways of reacting to situations.
12.One can ___ even from one ' s unpleasant experiences.
13.Franklin ' s ability to learn from observations and experiences _____ to his
success in public life.
C. attached D .related
14.Over a third of the population was estimated to have no ___ to the health.
C. exception D .adequate
15.Science is still largely ignorant ____ the causes of many kinds of cancer.
16. ___________________ A re you willing to in court that you saw him do it?
C. swear D .consent
17. ______________________________________________ Running out of money, William bought only a ___________________________________________ of bread and a pound of sausage at the supermarket.
18. ____________________________________________________ We can ' t afford to have all this expensive machinery lying _____________________________ .
19. _____ adequate preparation, you don ' t have much chance of success.
20.I have no money to spend, ___ you have nothing to spend your money on.
21. I'm quite __ of the latest development in science.
22. He _____ when he heard the news, and for a long time he couldn' t recover.
A. broke up
B. broke out
C. broke off
D. broke down
23. Great _____ development has been achieved in this area because of correct policy.
24. Whenthe interests of animals don't agree with those of humans, animal interests nothing at all.
A. count for
B. set in
C. come across
D. look to
25. His brother ____ him to a race.
26. If you want to know the time schedule, please _____ at the booking office.
27. She is a very ____ secretary: she never forgets anything or makes a mistake.
28. The chairman ____ me as if I had said nothing.
A. was ignorant of
D. shrugged off
29. Their marriage ___ when she found out her husband was having an affair with
A. fell apart
B. worn out
C. knocked down
D. broke down
30. He feels ____ lonely for he has few friends in his class.
31. Her clothes were too ____ for the occasion.
32. The ___ temperature of a human body, no matter in what part of the world he
lives, is about 36.8C
33. Such a change would not ___ to the wishes of the great majority of people.
34. He was ___ at not being invited.
35. She has a(n) ____ ability to inspire people at difficult times.
36. _____ as he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.
A. The child
37. _____________________________________________________ To keep society in good order, it is necessary that everybody _______________________________ the laws.
38. He is ___ me ____ two years.
A. senior than; by
B. senior to; by
C. senior to; for
D. senior above; by
39. ________________________ The country has not yet from the effects of the natural disasters.
40.It was not until she arrived in class _____________ realized she had forgotten her book.
A. and she
B. when she
D. that she
41.It's true that the old road is less direct and so a bit longer. We don't take
the new one, ____ , because we don't feel safe on it.
B. though C therefore D. otherwise
42. _______________________________ H e was once an athlete. Perhaps why he runs so fast even when he's
getting old now.
A. it's B .this is C .that is D. which is
43. The project has to be stopped if problems keep _____ like this.
44. ___ children's helplessness and defenselessness, adults are responsible for
granting them special protection
A. When it is given
B. If it is given to
D. Although it is given
45. _____ energy must be released in one form or another, for example, an earthquake.
46. The mere fact ___ most people believe nuclear war would be madness
does not mean that it will not occur.
47.It is essential that those application forms ___ back as early as possible.
A. must be sent
B. will be sent
C. are sent
D. be sent
48. He came all the way to China for promoting friendship ___ for making
A. other than
B. rather than
C. better than
D. more than
49. The time has come ___ we can make extensive use of nuclear energy.
50. John's leg got hurt ____ the Purple Mountains.
A. while he is climbing up
B. while we were climbing up
C. while we climbed up
D. while he climbed up
III. CET4 Vocabulary
1. I n this school, students are encouraged to develop and express their thought.
2. He can't speak his own native language well, _____ a foreign language.
A. let out
B. let off
C. let down
D. let alone
3. She has caught a bad cold and it's not ____ that she will recover before
4. Make sure you ___ enough time for doing your homework.
A. set about
B. set up
C. set aside
D. set apart
5. It took me a long time to ___ the disappointment of losing the match.
A. get through
B. get off
C. get over
D. get down
6. Get in the car. There is enough ___ for you.
7. I've had so little _____ time recently--I think I've forgotten how to relax.
8.I wanted to make a bookcase, but I couldn't make _____ of the instructions.
9. He could see he was losing the argument, so he said, “ I'd rather not ____ the
C. proceed D . pursue
10. The ____ of living will only go up. It won't go down.
B. value C cost D. expense
11. The fire department ordered that the elevator should ____ .
A. be turned off
B. be turned down C .be turned up D. be turned out
12. I've hardly been ____ since Christmas.
13. Peter's latest book is so good that it is _____ all praise.
14. It is important that you reply without ____ .
15. There are several characteristics of this book ___ special attention.
B. worthy of
C. worth of
16. Neither rain nor snow can stop postmen from ____ letters and parcels.
B. caring C .delivering D .transferring
17. ____ your request, we have already presented it to the committee for
A In regard to B. In contrast to C. In case of D. In relation to
18. His reaction to the doctor's ____ was satisfactory.
19. ___ , we keep records on all the experiments so that we may have enough data.
A. As a whole
B. On the average
C. As a rule
D. By all mean
20. Don't be so ___ as to believe everything he says.
21. We are late. I expect the film ___ by the time we get to the cinema.
A. will already have started
B. would already have started
C. had already been started
already been started
22. No sooner had we sat down ____ we found it was time to go.
23. _____ tired after hard work, he went to sleep right away.
C. Being felt
D. To feel
24. But for his intelligence, we ____ able to achieve it.
A. would never have been
B. were never
C. had never been
D. shall never be
25. Only when you have obtained sufficient data, ___ come to a sound conclusion.
A. you will
B. would you
C. you can
D. can you
26. I ' d ____ the operation unless it is absolutely necessary
A. not rather have
B. rather not have
C. rather not to have
D. rather not having
27. ____ would happen if your father knew you failed?
A. What you suppose
B. What will you suppose
C. What do you suppose
D. What you would suppose
28. This tape recorder is far ____ that one both in quality and in design.
A. more superior to
B. superior than
C. superior to
D. more superior than
29. ____ I do it or not is none of your business.
C. No matter
30. Unfortunately, A. just left C. had just left when I arrived, she _______ , so we only had time for a few words.
B. has just left
D. was just leaving
31. He has _____ heavy a work load that it is difficult for him to find time to travel
C. so D .much
32. The piano weighs three hundred pounds, so it is too heavy ____ .
A. for me to move
B. to move by me
C. for me not move D .not to move by me
33. Before leaving the country, the old couple sold their house ____ 60,000
34. Either the college professors or the college president ____ responsible for
setting the policy.
A. is B .are C. has D. have
35. The investigation, ____ will soon be published, was made by Professor Smith.
A. at which the results
B. he results on which
C. whose results
D. of whose results
36. It is because he is not proud of his achievements _____________ he is respected by his
D. that is
37. It' s no use ___ him over. It' s too late now.
A. to send
C. by sending
D. having sent
38. I remember ___ once somewhere.
A. see him
B. to see him
C. have seen him
D. seeing him
39. "I wonder why they are late. " " They ____ the train. ”
A. might miss
B. may have missed
C. could miss
D. can have missed
40. ______ all necessary preparations for the meeting, it was cancelled.
A. Having made
C. After I have made
D. When I had made
IV. Reading Comprehension
The U.S. Department of Labor statistics （统计）indicates that there is an oversupply of college-trained workers and that this oversupply is increasing. Already there is an overabundance （
过多） of teachers, engineers, physicists and
other specialists. Yet colleges and graduate schools continue every year to turn out highly trained people to compete for jobs that aren' t there. The result is that graduates cannot enter the professions for which they were trained and must take temporary（临时的） jobs which do not require a college degree. These "temporary' jobs have a habit of becoming permanent（永久的）.
On the other hand, there is a tremendous need for skilled workers of all sorts: carpenters, electricians, mechanics, and TV repairmen. These people have more work than they can handle and their annual（每年的） incomes are often higher than
those of college graduates. The old difference that white -collar workers make a better living than blue-collar workers no longer holds true.
The reason for this situation is the traditional myth（神话）that a college degree is a passport to bright future. Parents begin telling their children this myth before they are out of school. Under this pressure the kids fall in line. Whether they want to go to college or not doesn' t matter. Everybody should go to college.
One result of this emphasis on a college education is that many people go to college who do not belong there. Of the 60 percent of high school graduates who enter college, half of them do not graduate with their class. Many of them drop out within the first year. Some struggle on for two or three years and then give up.
1. What do the U.S. Department of Labor statistics show? ______ .
A. Many college graduates find it increasingly hard to get suitable jobs
B. There is an oversupply of workers and this oversupply is recently increasing
C. Teachers, engineers, physicists and other specialists are extremely needed
D. Colleges and graduate schools have become aware of the hard situation in the labour market
2. By saying “ These temporary jobs have a habit of becoming permanent. ” The author means that ____________ .
A. once college graduates take a temporary job, they soon get used to it
B. college gradutes have the habit of taking temporary jobs
C. many college graduates might never find jobs for which they were trained for
D. college graduates are accustomed to taking permanent jobs
3. The author implies in the passage that in the past _____ .