Unit 1 Ways of Learning Vocabulary
4)In retrospect 5)initial
8)make up for
10)not; in the least
1) a striking contrast between the standards of living in the north of the
country and the south.
2)is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
3)as a financial center has evolved slowly.
4)is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.
5)by a little-known sixteen-century Italian poet have found their way into some
1)be picked up; can’t accomplish; am exaggerating
2)somewhat; the performance; have neglected; they apply to
3)assist; On the other hand; are valid; a superior
3.herself/by herself/on her own
6.yourself/by yourself/on your own
Comprehensive Exercises I.cloze
(4)on the other
(1)It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the
(2)Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a
performance in front of a large audience.
(3)Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child
at an early age.
(4)Assuming this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s
worthwhile to buy it?
(5)If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are
To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
Unit 2 Values
4)wear and tear 5)dated
8)in contrast to
1)confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.
2)vital to the existence of all forms of life.
3)some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the
4)nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy.
5)tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice
1) a lingering; fabricating; sentiments
2)fill out; every item; vital; consequences
3)be denied; tangible; cherish; attain
1.It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
2.She arrived early and took a front row seat.
3.Don’t take me for a fool.
4.It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
5.My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.
6.He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
7.Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
8.If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.
5.not having written
Comprehensive Exercises I.cloze
(9)out of place
1)The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.
2)Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.
3)Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my
parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to
the best private school.
4)Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had
to go through another difficult phase of his life.
5)In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but
they have always tried to meet our minimal needs.
With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
Unit 3 The Generation Gap Vocabulary
12)at any rate
1)consists of five generals and four police officers.
2)will be in a location overlooking the lake.
3)was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front
of so many people.
4)have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?
5)was exhausted after the long cycle ride.
1)hysterical; was handed down by; should have known better than
2)twisted; over and over; talented son
3)patience; not to keep him in suspense; assured; repeatedly
6.be Comprehensive Exercises
(6)dumb (7)know better than that
(1)Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?
(2)The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for
the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.
(3)Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for
the rest of his life.
(4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.
(5)Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.
George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CD’s for computer games software from his classmates.
Unit 4 The Virtual World Vocabulary
1)smoking cigarettes jars on me.
2)find themselves getting sucked in.
3)has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and
4)fled their country to avoid military service/fled to other countries to
avoid military service.
5)restore people’s confidence in it.
1)the virtual; on line; via
2)nightmare; routine; any appointment; arrange for
3)cue; remarks; his tune
1.We came here all the way on foot.
2.Private cars are not allowed on campus.
3.They are on vacation in Florida.
4.Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.
5.Don’t worry, Lucy is always on time.
6.Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.
(10)t ake in
(13)s ucked into
(14)A t times
(16)o n line
1)Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.
2) A show Internet connection speed is really annoying.
3)As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
4)In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely
5)Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her
Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.
Unit 5 Overcoming Obstacles Vocabulary
5)stretched out 6)vain
7)On the occasion
11)In my mind’s
1)coincides with her husband’s.
2)sends the prices soaring/results in the soaring of prices.
3)of alternate sunshine and rain.
4)have been his lifelong passions, although he studied economics at
5)Tension came over her
1)media; dedication to; grace
2)his competitors; in excitement; hug him; congratulate him on
3)emotions; numerous; intensity; passion for
1.Mike, a Green, made the suggestion that a large park be built near the
2.In a letter to his daughter, Mr. Smith expressed his wish that she (should)
continue her education to acquire still another degree.
3.There is no reason to hold the belief that humans have no direct moral
responsibility to safeguard the welfare of animals.
4.Children need to feel safe about the world they grow up in, and it is unwise
to give them the idea that everything they come into contact with might be a threat.
5.Anxiety can result from the notion that life has not treated us fairly.
6.Nobody believed his claim that he was innocent.
III.Words with Multiple Meanings
1.I work out in the gym for one hour every morning.
2.Florence has worked as a cleaner at the factory for five years.
3.The wounded man worked his way across the field on his hands and knees.
4.The safe load for a truck of this type works out at about twenty-five tons.
5.It is difficult to understand how human minds work.
6.To my disappointment, the manager’s plan of promoting the new products
doesn’t work at all.
7.The teacher has a lot of experience of working with children who don’t know
how to learn.
8.The medicine was like magic, and it worked instantly after you took it. Comprehensive Exercises
(1)In my mind’s eye
(11)b rought me back to earth