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Unit 1


It distressed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failures.


He assumed an air of cheerfulness even though he lost favor with his boss.



Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange assortment of people.


He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake .


We were all greatly drawn by his frank views,humorous words and genial manner.

6.等到欢呼的掌声平息下来,那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲。(die down)

The Nobel prize winner began his speech after cheers and applause died down .

7.他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力,因此,他很少随大流。(run with the crowd)He is gifted with a sort of insight and foresight ,so he rarely runs with the crowd.

8.我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的,一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活。(live up to )I feel realities are after all very harsh ,so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals .




My immediate boss is a typical workaholic,for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.



The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students’ tremendous interest in the external world.



He always grabs a shower,a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.

4.既然你要离开公司了,你要在本周内清算账目。(straighten out)

Since you are leaving the company,you should straighten out the accounts within the week.

5.为了按时完成博士论文,他经常熬夜。(stay up)

He often stays up late at night in order to finish writing his Ph.D.dissertation on time.


Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one’s heart of hearts.


(natural n.)

He is considered a natural for the post of the president,for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.

8.他实在太普通了,丢人堆里根本找不着。(pick out)

He is just too common to be picked out from the crowd.



The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.


If one is deficient in practical experience,he can hardly become a successful person with only what he has acquired in class.


I felt exasperated by constant interruptions,for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.


He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.


The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.

6.作为10来岁的孩子,他女儿算是非常恬静的,因为她喜欢读书胜于嬉戏。(sedate) His daughters is very sedate for a girl of about ten,for she likes reading more than playing .


The couple strolled hand-in-hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.


The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive. Unit4

1.毫无疑问,莎士比亚使各个时代剧作家相形见绌。(overshadow) It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.

2.《了不起的盖茨比》(The Great Gatsby)被普遍认为是美国上世纪爵士时代的缩影。(epitome) The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.

3.你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水。(put a damper on)

It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.

4.年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星。(make a fetish of)

Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.


They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.


He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serious errors nor grave crimes.

7.我每次遇到他,他总是说一大堆无聊的话。(a whole lot of )

Every time I met him,he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.


Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.

Unit 7


To me,you are definitely more than an acquaintance.

2.这个地区的许多手艺人(artisan)经营各种各样的手工艺品。(deal in)

Many artisans in this region deal in a variety of handicrafts.

3.他们为这次意外的成功而感到欣喜若狂。(go into raptures)

They went into raptures over the unexpected success.

4.我感到十分惊讶,他用一种超然冷静的态度分析着威胁他们所有人的危险形势。(detachment) Much to my surprise,he analyzed with extraordinary detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.


She peered at the stranger from behind the curtain.

6.假日里,他在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的快乐。(indulge in)

During the holidays,he indulge in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.

7.听到他去世的噩耗,她不胜悲哀。(be overwhelmed)

When she learnt the news of his death,she was overwhelmed with grief.


(save up) I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan;instead,I maintain that every one of us should save up for a rainy day.

Unit 8


The result of the experiment far surpassed their expectation.

2.我们应该充分考虑这个项目的费用和可能遇到的困难。(take account of)

We should take account full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter.

3.好天气是这次远征科学考察成功的原因之一。(contribute to)

The fair weather contributed to the success of the scientific expedition.

4.巴西足球球星罗纳尔多(Ronaldo)在2002年世界杯足球赛中射进好几个精彩的球。(spectacular) Ronaldo, one of the football stars from Brazil,scored several spectacular goals in 2002 FIFA World Cup.

5.罗伯特·弗罗斯特(Robert Frost)由于对诗歌的杰出贡献被美国许多大学授予名

誉学位。(confer…upon) Many honorary degrees from different colleges and universities in America were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.

6.摆脱坏习惯需要耐心和毅力。(emancipation from…)

Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad habit.


They tried to instill such new ideas into students’ minds.


You should demonstrate impartiality in your assessment of the employees.

Unit 9

1.你应该提前告诉我你将去美国深造的事。(in advance)

You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in America.


He lavished too much care on his grandchildren.

3.各种新技术产业已经兴起。(spring up)

Various new technology industries have sprung up.

4.许多英语单词源于拉丁语、希腊语和法语词汇。(derive from)

Many English words derive from Latin,Greek and French words.


A philosopher holds that contradictory oppositions are ubiquitous.

6.仁慈善良是他本性中不可缺少的一部分。(part and parcel)

Kindness is part and parcel of his nature.


He possessed phenomenal memory and intelligence.


He is fastidious about his food and clothes.

Unit 11

1.他的父母对他有很高的期望,他感到压力很大。(feel weighted)

He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.

2.他用积极的观点来解释这件事。(in ……light)

He interpreted the incident in a favorable light.

3.我很讨厌他,因为他特别喜欢诽谤他人。(go out of one’s way)

I detest him,for he often goes out of his way to backbite others.


Many religious teachings urge people to transcend the mundane success.


Personal initiative is one of the essential elements in promoting your career.


I don’t think it is a good method of teaching to spoon-feed students.

7.我将全力以赴在下个月之前完成这项任务,因为我不想有不遵守诺言的污名。(stigma) I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of next month,for I don’t want to suffer from the stigma of having broken my promise.


I’ve got much information pertinent to the new policies in education.

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