Confucius was a great thinker and educator in Chinese history.
He was the founder of Confucianism and was respectfully referred to as an ancient"sage".
His words and life story were recorded in The Analects.
An enduring classic of ancient Chinese culture,The Analects has had a great influence on the thin kers,writers,and statesmen that came after Confucius.
Without studying this book,one could hardly truly understand the thousands-of-years'traditional Chinese culture.
Much of Confucius'thought,especially his thought on education,has had a profound influence o n Chinese society.
In the21st century,Confucian thought not only retains the attention of the Chinese,but it also w ins an increasing attention from the international community.
China's space industry was launched in1956.
Over the past decades,China's space industry has created one miracle after another.
In1970China launched its first man-made earth satellite,ranking China the fifth country in the w orld to independently develop and launch man-made earth satellites.
1992年，中国开始实施载人航天飞行工程（manned spaceflight program）。
In1992China began to carry out the manned spaceflight program.
2003年，中国成功发射了"神舟五号"载人飞船，使中国成为第三个发射载人飞船的国家。In2003China launched Shenzhou-5,a manned spaceship.
The successful launch made China the third country to launch manned spaceships.
In2007Chang'e-1,the first lunar-orbiting man-made satellite,was sent to space.
In2013Shenzhou-10,the fifth manned spaceship,was launched successfully,laying the foundati on for building the Chinese Space Station.
太极拳（Tai Chi）是一种武术（martial arts）项目，也是一种健身运动,
Tai Chi is a kind of martial arts,and a fitness exercise as well.
It has a long history in China.
With slow and gentle movements,Tai Chi is suitable for people of any age,sex,or body type to pr actice.
It can be used to provide self-defense as well as build the body.
Therefore,it has become very popular among Chinese people.
During its development,Tai Chi borrowed and absorbed desirable elements from traditional Chin ese philosophy,medicine,and martial arts,and it has developed into a sport with unique features .
As a unique sport in China,Tai Chi is also gaining increasing popularity among many foreign frien ds.
Since its economic reform and opening-up to the world,China's education has gone through rapi d development and made remarkable achievements.
中国政府把教育摆在优先发展的地位，坚持科教兴国（revitalize the country），全面提倡素质教育(quality-oriented education)。
The Chinese government gives top priority to the development of education,persists in revitalizin g the country by science and education,and fully advocates quality-oriented education.
Meanwhile,it actively promotes equality in education to guarantee everyone access to educatio n.
China's achievements in education can be reflected in two different layers:
一个是全面普及了九年义务教育（nine-year compulsory education），
One is the popularization of the nine-year compulsory education;
另一个是实现了高等教育大众化（mass higher education）。
the other is the realization of mass higher education.
The development of education has made significant contributions to China's economic developm ent and social progress.
In recent years,to satisfy the needs of social and economic development,the Chinese governme nt has sped up the training of qualified personnel urgently needed
Integrity and harmony are traditional Chinese virtues.
"Harmony"is demonstrated in various aspects.
In regard to interpersonal relations,traditional Chinese thoughts hold that"Harmony is most prec ious"and"A family that lives in harmony will prosper".A harmonious social environment can be c reated based on these principles.
As for relations between human beings and nature,people should learn to understand,respect a nd protect nature.
Harmony is essential to interpersonal relations,relations between human beings and society,as well as between human beings and nature.
Nowadays,harmonious development is still the way of running the country and managing talente d personnel.With the development of China's society,economy and culture,the idea of"harmon y"goes even deeper into people's hearts.
China is on its way toward the goal of building a harmonious socialist society.
Chinese calligraphy aims to retain the beauty of nature and illuminate the spiritual beauty of man.it stresses the overall layout and harmony between words and lines.
The graceful shapes of Chinese characters evoke deep emotion and artistic power.
As the chinese saying goes “the handwriting reveals the writer”which means one’s disposition can be judged by his/her handwriting.
In addition,one’s handwriting also reveals his/her understanding of life and art.
Devotion to practicing calligraphy can help a person to achieve relaxation and repel outside disturbance.
So,it is also a way to keep mind and body fit and healthy.
Tea is a wonderful beverage originally produced in China more than 4000 years ago.
During the Tang dynasty,Japanese monks introduced tea seeds to Japan,and by combining tea with Zen Buddhism,created the world-famous Japanese tea ceremony.
In the 17th century, the Chinese habit of drinking tea was brought to Europe, which then became a tradition of the Europeans.
In England in particular, people develop the custom of drinking afternoon tea.
Prior to the 19th century, all of the tea in the world was primarily grown in China.
Tea is an important contribution of the Chinese people to the world.
With the development of society and the change of time,the size and structure of Chinese families have been undergoing changes.
A traditional Chinese families generally consists of at least two generations including the husband and wife and their children,and it is a common phenomenon for three or four generations to live under one roof.
However, since the introduction of the reform and opening-up policy, with the changes in the lifestyle in our society, traditional extended families have been gradually transformed into families of simple structure and small size .
Among them, nuclear families, which are made up of parents and parents and children only, have become the major form of Chinese families.
According to historical records ,Confucius once consulted Laozi about the rites and sang high praise for him
This confirms the traditional claim that Laozi and Confucius were contemporaries and Laozi was senior to Confucius.
The one and only book contributed by Laozi is The book of Laozi (also called Dao De Jing).
Laozi held the idea of“governing by inaction”.
He believed that one should feel gratified,have few desires,discard wit, embrace simplicity, and confine one’s action within the limit of necessity .
虽然老子在价值观中很少论及政治，但他详细论述里如何为了人民的利益来经营国家。Laozi rarely spoke of polices in his values.
Instead he elaborated on how to run a good state in the interest of its people.
The Great Wall of China that exists today was built mainly in the Ming Dynasty
It took over 100 years to complete the great project, which stretch more than 10000 Li across the country.
To resist invasion and protect the territory, many emperors of the Ming Dynasty spared no effort in fortifying, extending and eventually accomplishing the construction of the Ming Great Wall.
Going through more than 2000 years, the Great Wall has become a long historical scroll, the soul of the country and the backbone of the nation.
Rooted into the heart of all Chinese people, the Great Wall has developed into a symbol of the Chinese culture and wisdom.