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现代大学英语精读1 paraphrasing

现代大学英语精读1 paraphrasing
现代大学英语精读1 paraphrasing

1. They did not make me happy, however, as this was the day I was to be thrown into school for the first time. (1)


But my new clothes did not bring any happiness to me, because it was the day I was forced to go to school for the first time.

2.“Why school” I asked my father. “What have I done”(3)


Why do I have to go to school I don’t think I’ve done anything wrong to be punished like this.

3. I did not believe there was really any good to be had in tearing me away from my home and throwing me into the huge, high-walled building. (5) Paraphrase:

I didn’t think it was useful to take me away from home and put me into that building with high walls.

4. It was not all a matter of playing and fooling around. (15)


What we did at school wasn’t just playing and wasting time doing nothing useful.

5. In addition, the time for changing one’s mind was over and gone and there was no question of ever returning to the paradise of home. (16) Paraphrase:

Besides, it was impossible for us to quit school and return to the good old days when we stayed home playing and fooling around all day. Our childhood was gone, never to come back.

Unit 2

1. If banks were required to sell wallets and money belts, they might act less like churches. (para. 1)


Banks act like churches which usually control people’s life and can interfere in people’s life. So, the author thinks it is ridiculous for banks to act like churches.

2. It was lunchtime and the only officer on duty was a fortyish black man with short, pressed hair, a pencil mustache, and a neatly pressed brown suit. (para. 3)


uncurled hair, a thin mustache looking like a line drawn by a pencil, and a neat and tidy brown suit

3. Everything about him suggested a carefully dressed authority. (para. 3) Paraphrase:

Everything about him—his clothes, manner, etc. indicated that he was a carefully dressed man who had an important position and power.

4. I moved in for the kill. (para. 19)


I began to prepare to kill, destroy or defeat my enemy.

5. I zeroed in on the officer. (para. 20)


I’m going to have a strong argument to silence the bank officer.

6. Look, … we’re just wasting each other’s time. (para. 29)


Look, let’s stop talking a bout this because it is a waste of time./You are just talking nonsense. I don’t want to listen to you any more.

7.… has been shaking this boy down… (para. 30)


… has been getting money from the boy by using threats…

8. Anyway, the police are on the case… (para. 30)


Anyway, the police are working on the case…

9. Not that I ever heard of. (para. 32)


I have never heard of such rules.

Unit 3

1. My husband moved into our house as is the way with us in Esarn. (para. 1) Paraphrase:

When we got married, we followed the tradition in Esarn and my husband came to live with my family.

2. He has ears which don’t hear, a mouth which doesn’t speak, and eyes that don’t see. ( para. 2)


He does not notice what is happening around us and to our children, nor does he express his thoughts and feelings. (The woman is complaining that her husband does not bother about their children’s troubles.)

3. … and it is no longer fertile, bleeding year after year and, like us, getting old and exhausted. (para. 3)


Our land is getting poorer with each passing year, like us who are getting old, weak and tired.

4.… but in a bad year, it’s not only the ploughs that break but our hearts, too. (para. 3)


When there is a draught, the soil is so hard that it breaks the ploughs and we feel so sad that our hearts break too.

5. Only ten years ago, you could barter for things, but now it’s all cash. (para. 4)


Just ten years ago, we could exchange one thing for another, but now we have to buy everything from the market.

6. Shops have sprung up, filled with colorful plastic things and goods we have no use for. (para. 4)


Shops have suddenly appeared in the village selling attractive plastic things and things we don’t need.

7. As for me, I wouldn’t change, couldn’t change even if I wanted to. (para. 7)


I didn’t want to change myself and my life, and actually I did not have the ability to change even if I wanted to.

8. Yes, this bag of bones dressed in rags can still plant and reap rice from

morning till dusk. (para. 7)


Though I’m poor, old and weak, I can still work in the rice field all day.

9. I am at peace with the land and the condition of my life. (para. 9) Paraphrase:

I am content with my land and accept my situation in life without complaint.

10. I have been forcing silence upon her all these years, yet she had not once complained of anything. (para. 9)


All these years, I hardly talk with her or listen to her, so she has to keep silent about her thoughts and feelings, but she has never told anyone else about her unhappy feelings about my silence.

11. Still the land could not tie them down or call them back. (para. 10) Paraphrase:

My children grew up and had happy days on this land, but this could not prevent them from leaving for cities or attract them back from cities.

12. Sickness comes and goes, and we get back on our feet again. (para. 11) Paraphrase:

Inevitably we sometimes fall ill, but when we get well again we can always get back to our normal life and work on our land.

Unit 4

1. Ausable was, for one thing, fat… Though he spoke French and German passably, he had never altogether lost the New England accent he had brought to Paris from Boston twenty years ago. (para. 2)


Ausable was, for one reason, fat… His French and German were not very good, but acceptable. Although he had been in Paris for twenty years, he never lost the American accent.

2. …a sloppy fat man who, instead of having messages slipped into his hand by dark-eyed beauties, gets only an ordinary telephone call making an appointment in his room. (para. 4)


…an untidy fat man just has an ordinary phone call agreeing to meet somebody later in his room. There are no other imagined things as a beautiful lady with dark eyes putting a slip of message secretly into his hand.

3. The fat man chuckled to himself as he unlocked the door of his room and stood as aside to let his frustrated guest enter. (para. 4)


The fat man laughed to himself when he opened the door of his room and gave way to his dissatisfied guest.

4. You are disillusioned. (para. 5)


You are disappointed because what you believe in has turned out to be wrong.

5. Before long you will see a paper, a quite important paper for which several men and women have risked their lives, come to me in the next-to-last step of its journey into official hands. (para. 5)


Soon you will see a document/a report come to me. Several people took chances in order to get it. When I receive the paper, I will place it in the hands of

the proper authorities.

By then I will have fulfilled my mission.

6. For halfway across the room, a small automatic pistol in his hand, stood a man. (para. 6)


In the middle of the room, there was a man with a small automatic pistol in his hand.

7. I’m going to raise the devil with the management this time. (para. 11) Paraphrase:

(He was making up a story, which turned out to be a trap for Max.

To make Max swallow this bait, Ausable pretended to be angry with the management and explained to Fowler (not to Max) why he was going to complain to the management about the balcony.)

8. It might have saved me some trouble had I known about it. (para. 12) Paraphrase:

If I had known about it, I would not have spent so much effort.

9. I wish I knew how you learned about the report, … (para. 15) Paraphrase:

I want to know how you succeeded in finding out the report, but I have no idea.

10. Keeping his body twisted so that his gun still covered the fat man and his guest, … (para. 22)


He twisted his body in order to point his gun right at the fat man and his guest.

Unit 6

1. My ancient jeep was straining up through beautiful countryside when the radiator began to leak. (para. 1)


When the radiator started to drip, my old jeep was trying hard to climb up the mountain in the scenery rural area.

2. The over-heated engine forced me to stop at the next village, which consisted of a small store and a few houses that were scattered here and there. (para. 1)


Due to the high temperature of the engine, I had to stop at the next village, which contained a small shop and several houses that were loosely distributed.

3. He, in turn, inspected me carefully, as if to make sure I grasped the significance of his statement. (para. 3)


Then he examined me with great caution in the way of ensuring whether I understood the importance of his words.

4. As a product of American education, I had never paid the slightest attention to the green banana, except to regard it as a fruit whose time had not yet come. (para. 5)


As someone educated in the United States, I naturally had never paid any attention to the green banana, except to take it as a fruit which was not yet ripe or which was not yet ready to be picked and eaten.

5. It was my own time that had come, all in relation to it. (para. 5) Paraphrase:

It was me who had come to know the green bananas, and everything connected with it. According to the author, every civilization has special geniuses (symbolized by the green banana), which have existed for many years. But they will not come to your notice and benefit you until and unless you are ready to go out and meet them.

6. I had been wondering for some time about what educators like to call “learning moments”, and I now knew I had just experienced two of them at once. (para. 5)


The two things that suddenly dawned on him are: the fact that every civilization has wonderful treasure to share with others and the idea that every village, town, region or country has a right to regard itself as the center of the world.

7. The cultures of the world are full of unexpected green bananas with special value and meaning. (8)


The green bananas have become a symbol of hidden treasures from every culture. For proper understanding of a piece of writing, it is often important to notice such symbolic language and to know what the symbols stand for.

Unit 8

1. He had his thumb out and held a gas can in his other hand. (para. 1) Paraphrase:

He held his thumb out and the gas can to show that he was out of gas and needed a lift to the nearest gas station. Generally speaking, at the same time of holding his thumb out, a hitchhiker also has a board in his hand, on which the name of the place he wants to go is written. Here, the gas can shows that the young man has run out of gasoline for his car.

2. Leaving him stranded in the desert did not bother me so much. (para. 2) Paraphrase:

Because the author thought it was sensible for him to do so and did so indeed as a matter of course as other people would do the same in the situation.

It shows that it was really something common. The real issue then was not that he didn’t help the young man but that he never thought about offering help to strangers.

3. It would be cashless journey through the land of the almighty dollar. (para. 5)


I would travel without a penny through the country where money was extremely important.

4. I rose early…and a sign displaying my destination to passing vehicles “America”. (para. 6)


Because what he wanted to do was to discover America and American people. The destination of the journey was Cape Fear, just literally, but the real destination was to seek understanding of the country and its people.

5. In Montana they told me to watch out for the cowboys in Wyoming. In Nebraska they said people would not be as nice in Iowa.


They suggest that the people there (probably people everywhere), were more or less provincial (another sub-concept of ethnocentric). They tended to make false assumptions about people in other places, . the people in their place were nicer/better than those in other places.

6. I didn’t know whether t o kiss them or scold them for stopping. (para. 8) Paraphrase:

(Because the situation when the two little ladies stopped for the author was, in his eyes, potentially dangerous for them. He says so to emphasize both the kindness and courage the ladies showed in that particular situation.)

7. Once when I was hitchhiking unsuccessfully in the rain, a trucker pulled over, locking his brakes so hard he skidded on the grass shoulder. (Para. 9) Paraphrase:

(Because he had to. Otherwise he would not be able to stop right before the author. It shows the mental struggle that was probably going on in the driver’s mind. He was once robbed at knifepoint by a hitchhiker, which made it more difficult for him to make such a decision at the moment than others. However, he chose to stop finally and his kindness was thereby highlighted.)

8. Those who had the least to give often gave the most.


Poor people are often more generous. They are often ready/willing to give comparatively more of what they have to those in need than rich people.

9. Now we’re talking, I thought.


Now he knew what I wanted and the talk was going in the right direction.

10. “When we do, ” he said, “it’s usually kin.” (Para. 13) Paraphrase:

(The local people do not usually entertain/receive guests at home.) They only do this for their kin relatives.

11. In spite of everything, you can still depend on the kindness of strangers. Paraphrase:

(It means the fact that there are people who are indifferent to other people’s needs/ who refuse to help others/who may hesitate to help and people may say about lack of compassion in our society and a generally moral decay in our society.

I find, however, on the whole you can still depend on the kindness of strangers.)

Unit 9

1. The impressiveness was normal and not for show, for spectators were few. (para. 1)


The police officer walked that way habitually, not to attract attention or admiration because there were few people in the streets to be impressed. The description shows that the policeman quite enjoyed his work.

2. Trying doors as he went, swinging his club with many clever movements, turning now and then to cast his watchful eye down the peaceful street, the officer, with his strongly built form and slight air of superiority, made a fine picture of a guardian of the peace. (para. 2)


From how he looked and what he did on the beat, we can see that the policeman was competent at, confident of, proud of, and dutiful to his job. All these factors gave people the impression that he was a trustworthy protector of the peace. ( Notice how a string of present participles are used as adverbials to vividly describe the policeman’s actions.)

3. The area was one that kept early hours. (para. 2)


People in that area closed their stores pretty early.

4. The next morning I was to start for the West to make my fortune. (para. 7) Paraphrase:

The next morning I was going to leave (New York) for the West as planned to make a lot of money and get rich.

5. We figured that in twenty years each of us ought to have our fate worked out and our fortunes made, whatever they were going to be. (para. 7) Paraphrase:

We thought by that time we would have found out our fate and known how much we have achieved materially—whether our fortune huge or small.

6. But after a year or two we lost track of each other. (para. 9) Paraphrase:

We wrote letters and kept in touch with each other for a year or two, and then we stopped writing and haven’t heard from or heard of each other. Now neithe r of us knows what has happened or is happening to the other.

7. You see, the West is a pretty big place, and I kept running around over it pretty lively. (para. 9)


I kept moving around in the West, never staying in the same place for long. (And that’s why it was hard for us to keep track of each other.)

8. …and it’s worth it if my old partner turns up. (para. 9)


If my old friend comes to meet me as he promised, I would think my trouble of travelling so far is fairly rewarded.

9. He was a kind of slow man, though, good fellow as he was. (para. 13)


However, he wasn’t very smart, even thought he was a good person.

10. I’ve had to compete with some of the sharpest brains going to get my money. (para. 13 )


In order to make money, I had to compete with the most shrewd and crafty people.

11. A man gets stuck in New York. It takes the West to make a man really keen. (para. 13)


A man is unable to go very far or to be very successful in New York where life

is boring and opportunities for change are few. He has to go to the West to become

an eager and exciting person.

The man from the west means that New York City was “civilized”; it had too many laws, and that getting rich quickly was less likely. In the West, however,

one could by-pass the rules, and though being tougher and smarter one could become

rich very fast.

12. I should say not! (para. 16)


Of course I am not going to leave immediately.

13. The few foot passengers in that quarter hurried dismally and silently along with coat collars turned high and pocketed hands. (para. 18 )


There were few people in the street of this part of the city. They had turned their coat collars high and kept their hands in their pockets for warmth. They didn’t look happy and were walking fast without saying anything.

14. “Bless my heart!” exclaimed the new arrival. (para. 21)


“Bless my heart!” the man who had just arrived said aloud in surprise.

15. It’s Bob, sure a fate. (para. 22)


Definitely it’s you, Bob.

16. How has the West treated you, old man (para. 22)


How well did you do in the West, old friend

17. …we’ll go around to a place I know of, and have a good long talk about old times. (para. 26)


I’ve heard of a place, so let’s go there and we will have a long talk about those happy days we spent together in the past. Note that probably the plainclothes policeman was thinking: I’ll take you to the police station and you will tell me about the crimes you committed in the past.

18. At the corner stood a drugstore brilliant with electric lights. (para. 28) Paraphrase:

There was a drugstore at the corner. Its electric lights were on and it was very bright inside.

19. Chicago thinks you may come over our way and telegraphs us she wants to have

a chat with you. (para. 31)


The Chicago Police Department thinks you may come to New York, sent us a telegraph

and asked us to help them track you down and arrest.

20. Going quietly, are you That’s sensible. (para. 31)


You won’t put up a fight and resist arrest, will you. That (cooperating will us without causing any disturbance) is the right thing to do.

21. Somehow I couldn’t do it myself, so I went around and got a plain clothes man to do the job. (para. 33)


For some reason I couldn’t arrest you myself, so I had a policeman not wearing a uniform do it.

Jimmy had mixed feelings. He knew what his duty was. But the memories of their friendship, the expressions of Bob’s undy ing respect and admiration for him and the fact that Bob had come all the way from a thousand miles away just to keep the appointment made 20 years before must have deeply touched him. Therefore, he could not bring himself to arrest Bob.

Unit 10

1. The end of manual labor was liberating. (1)


Mandela is talking about forced labor. He felt liberated after the manual labor had been ended.

2. To survive in prison, one must develop ways to take satisfaction in one’s daily life. (2)


In order not to die and go on living in prison, prisoners must cultivate ways to learn to enjoy themselves in their daily life.

3. But eventually they gave in, and we were able to cut out a small garden on

a narrow patch of earth against the far wall. (3)


But finally they agreed unwillingly, and we were able to mark out a small garden on a strip of earth against the wall in the distance.

4. At the time, some of my comrades joked that I was a miner at heart, for I spent my days in a wasteland and my free time digging in the courtyard. (4) Paraphrase:

At that time, some of my comrades said jokingly that I was really a miner since I spent my days in a land which had been deserted for a long time and my spare time digging in the courtyard.

5. The authorities did not regret giving permission, for once the garden began to flourish, I often provided the warders with some of my best tomatoes and onions.



The person in charge didn’t feel regretful that they had allowed me to have a garden because as soon as the garden began to grow well, I often gave the warders some of my best tomatoes and onions.

6. I told her this small story at great length. I do not know what she read into that letter, (11)


I told her this small story in detail. I do not know whether she understood the meaning of the letter more than it did.


第一单元 课程开始之际,就如何使学习英语的任务更容易提出一些建议似乎正当其实。 学习英语的几种策略 学习英语决非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种: 1.不要以完全相同的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说“我对英语感兴趣”是“I’m interested in English”,而说“我精于法语”则是“I’m good at French”?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说“获悉消息或密秘”是“learnthenewsorsecret”,而“获悉某人的成功或到来”却是“learn of someone’s success or arrival”?这些都是惯用法的例子。在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的人在日常生活中如何使用它。 3.每天听英语。经常听英语不仅会提高你的听力,而且有助你培养说的技能。除了专为课程准备的语言磁带外,你还可以听英语广播,看英语电视和英语电影。第一次听录好音的英语对话或语段,你也许不能听懂很多。先试着听懂大意,然后在反复地听。 你会发现每次重复都会听懂更多的xx。 4.抓住机会说。的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以找到练习讲英语的机会。例如,跟你的同班同学进行交谈可能就是得到一些练习的一种轻松愉快的方式。还可以找校园里以英语为母语的人跟他们


Lesson Eight The Kindness of Strangers Mike Mclntyre 1. One summer I was driving from my home town of Tahoe City, Calif, to New Orleans. In the middle of the desert, I came upon a young man standing by the roadside. He had his thumb out and held a gas can in his other hand. I drove right by him. There was a time in the country when you' d be considered a jerk if you passed by somebody in need. Now you are a fool for helping. With gangs, drug addicts, murderers, rapists, thieves lurking everywhere, "I don't want to get involved" has become a national motto. 2. Several states later I was still thinking about the hitchhiker. Leaving him stranded in the desert did not bother me so much. What bothered me was how easily I had reached the decision. I never even lifted my foot off the accelerator. 3. Does anyone stop any more? I wondered. I recalled Blanche DuBois's famous line: "I have always depended on the kindness of strangers." Could anyone rely on the kindness of strangers these days? One way to test this would be for a person to journey from coast to coast without any money, relying solely on the good will of his fellow Americans. What kind of Americans would he find? Who would feed him, shelter him, carry him down the road? 4. The idea intrigued me. 5. The week I turned 37, I realized that I had never taken a gamble in my life. So I decided to travel from the Pacific to the Atlantic without a penny. It would be a cashless journey through the land of the almighty dollar. I would only accept offers of rides, food and a place to rest my head. My final destination would be Cape Fear in North Carolina, a symbol of all the fears I'd have to conquer during the trip. 6. I rose early on September 6, 1994, and headed for the Golden Gate Bridge with a 50-pound pack on my back and a sign displaying my destination to passing vehicles: "America." 7. For six weeks I hitched 82 rides and covered 4223 miles across 14 states. As I traveled, folks were always warning me about someplace else. In Montana they told me to watch out for the cowboys in Wyoming, In Nebraska they said people would not be as nice in Iowa. Yet I was treated with kindness everywhere I went. I was amazed by people's readiness to help a stranger, even when it seemed to run contrary to their own best interests. 8. One day in Nebraska a car pulled to the road shoulder. When I reached the window, I saw two little old ladies dressed in their Sunday finest." I know you're not supposed to pick up hitchhikers, but it's so far between towns out here, you feel bad passing a person," said the driver, who introduced herself as Vi. I didn't know whether to kiss them or scold them for stopping. This woman was telling me she'd rather risk her life than feel bad about passing a stranger on the side of the road. 9. Once when I was hitchhiking unsuccessfully in the rain, a trucker pulled over, locking his brakes so hard he skidded on the grass shoulder. The driver told me he was once robbed at knifepoint by a hitchhiker. "But I hate to see a man stand out in the rain," he added. "People don't have no heart anymore." 10. I found, however, that people were generally compassionate. Hearing I had no money and would take none, people bought me food or shared whatever they happened to have with them. Those who had the least to give often gave the most. In Oregon a house painter named Mike noted the chilly weather and asked if I had a coat. When he learned that I had "a light one," he drove me to his house, and handed me a big green army-style jacket. A lumber-mill worker named Tim invited me to a simple dinner with his family in their shabby house. Then he offered me his tent. I refused, knowing it was probably one of the family's most valuable possessions. But Tim was determined that I have it, and finally I agreed to take it. 11. I was grateful to all the people I met for their rides, their food, their shelter, and their gifts. But what I found most touching was the fact that they all did it as a matter of course.


Unit 1 Your college years 1你可曾考虑过作为一个大学生你生活中正在发生和即将发生的变化?你可曾想到过大学时代教授们以及其他教职工为了你的成长和发展制定了目标?你可曾注意过你在从青少年渐渐成人的过程中会发生某些变化?尽管大学生很少想这些,但是在大学生时代很可能会发生一些主要的变化。 2在这段时期,学生们正经受自我认同危机,他们努力要了解自己的身份,掌握自身的优缺点。当然,优缺点他们兼而有之,且两者都为数不少。重要的是人们如何看待自己,其他人又如何看待他们。皮尔斯和兰多曾在一篇文章中探讨了爱立信在《国际社会百科全书》中有关理论,根据他们的观点,性格特征是由先天基因(即父母的遗传物质)所决定,由外部环境而形成,并受偶然事件的影响的。人们受环境的影响,反过来也影响他们的环境。人们如何看待自己扮演的这两个角色无疑正是他们性格特征的部分表现。 3学生们经历自我认同危机的时候,他们也开始渐渐独立,但是可能仍然非常依赖父母。这种介于独立与依赖之间的冲突常常发生在青少年末期。事实上,这种冲突很可能因为他们选择继续接受大学教育而愈发激烈。高中一毕业,一些学生便会立即走入社会开始工作。这种选择的结果就是他们可能他们在经济上获得独立。但是大学生已经选择了用几年的时间继续掌握新知并且发展自我,因此他们在一定程度上还要依赖父母。 41984年4月杰利弗·A·霍夫曼在《心理咨询杂志》上发表了《即将成人的青年与父母的心理距离》,文章中他提及了人与父母产生心理距离的四个不同方面。第一,独立处理日常生活的能力,它包括个人独立处理实际事物和自身事务的能力,如理财的能力、选购服装的能力和决定每天工作日程的能力。第二,态度独立,即个人学会正确看待和接受自己与父母的态度、价值和信仰上的差异。第三个心理分离过程是情感独立,霍夫曼将这一过程定义为“摆脱父母的认可、亲近、陪伴和情感支持的过分依赖”。例如,大学生们会随自己所愿自由选择专业,而且并不认为必须征得父母的认同。第四是摆脱“对父母的过度内疚、焦虑、疑惑、责任、反感和愤怒的心理”。大学生们需要退一步看清自己在介于独立与依赖之间的冲突中所处的位置。 5可能大学生们面临的最紧张的问题之一就是构建自己的性别特征,这包括与异性之间的关系和对未来自身男性或女性角色的设计。每个人必须将其性格特征定义为男性或女性角色。这一过程中兴奋与受挫并存。也许没有什么比恋爱更能让学生们情绪低落或高涨的。例如,我曾经和一位年轻的大学生共事,一次他欢呼雀跃的进了我的办公室,面带笑容,声音激动。年轻人宣布:“我刚度过了人生中最灿烂的一天。”他继续解释他是如何与一位超凡脱俗的女子相遇的,而且这份浪漫的爱情与他梦中所期待的完全一致。而不倒一个星期,同一个年轻人却拖着脚步神情沮丧的进了我的办公室。他在同一张椅子上坐下来,深深地叹了口气,宣布说:“我经历了人生中最糟糕的一天。”他和那个年轻女子刚刚吵过架,两人的关系不再看好。因而,大学生们与异性交往的方式对他们的情感必定有所影响。 6于此同时,这些刚刚成年的大学生也在学习如何在成年人的世界里奉献和收获情感。在这一角度上,成长不仅要处理与异性之间的关系,还要处理与两性及所有年龄段的朋友之间的关系。随着他们渐渐成人,他们与异性交往的方式也在发生变化。这时作为成年人他们应该思索如何与同龄人和睦相处并有礼有节,如何与他们生活中的青少年儿童和睦相处,如何与他们的父母和睦相处并表达自己的感情。举个我在西南浸礼教会学院读研究生时的例子,当我刚刚修完一门咨询课程后,我去探望父母。在学习这门课的过程中我渐渐意识到,当我的世界不断扩展,新的机遇不断出现时,我的父亲,一个年过花甲之人,正在亲眼目睹自己的世界在变小,选择在变少。在家的那些日子里,我和父亲几次谈心,共同探讨了我课程的内容以及它如何应用到我的生活中。我发觉自己正以一种不同的方式看待父亲,并且把他看作一个我可以鼓励的朋友。我有意识的去鼓励这个从前鼓励过我的人。我在以一种不同的方式与父亲交流。 7大学生的另一个变化就是内化他们的宗教信仰、价值尺度和道德观念。从出生开始,就有一位或更多的父母成为他们的榜样,教给他们特定的信仰、价值和道德。然而,当他们到了青春期,这些问题却遭到了质疑,在一些情况下甚至遭到了反叛。现在他们刚刚成年,他们有机会为自己决定人生中将会如何选择何种信仰、价值和道德。60年代末,一位生活在极度歧视其他种族的环境中的年轻女子深信自己种族的


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Unit1 课程开始之际,就如何使学习英语的任务更容易提出一些建议似乎正当其时。 Some Strategies or Learning English 学习英语绝非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种。 1. 不要以完全同样的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说我对英语感兴趣是I'm 湩整敲瑳摥椠?湅汧獩屨,而说我精于法语则是???潧摯愠?牆湥档?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说获悉消息或秘密是汜慥湲琠敨渠睥?牯猠捥敲屴,而获悉某人的成功或到来却是汜慥湲漠?潳敭湯?环猠捵散獳漠?牡楲慶屬?这些都是惯用法的例子。在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的人在日常生活中如何使用它。 3.每天听英语。经常听英语不仅会提高你的听力,而且有助你培养说的技能。除了专为课程准备的语言磁带外,你还可以听英语广播,看英语电视和英语电影。第一次听录好音的英语对话或语段,你也许不能听懂很多。先试着听懂大意,然后再反复地听。你会发现每次重复都会听懂更多的东西。 4.抓住机会说。的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以找到练习讲英语的机会。例如,跟你的同班同学进行交谈可能就是得到一些练习的一种轻松愉快的方式。还可以找校园里以英语为母语的人跟他们随意交谈。或许练习讲英语最容易的方式是高声朗读,因为这在任何时间,任何地方,不需要搭档就可以做到。例如,你可以看着图片18 / 1 或身边的物件,试着对它们详加描述。你还可以复述日常情景。在商店里购物或在餐馆里吃完饭付过账后,假装这一切都发生在一个讲英语的国家,试着用英语把它表演出来。 5.广泛阅读。广泛阅读很重要,因为在我们的学习环境中,阅读是最重要、最可靠的语言输入来源。在选择阅读材料时,要找你认为有趣的、不需要过多依赖词典就能看懂的东西。开始时每天读一页是个好办法。接下去,你就会发现你每天可以读更多页,而且能对付难度更高的材料。6.经常写。写作是练习你已经学会的东西的好方法。除了老师布置的作文,你还可以找到自己要写的理由。有个笔友可以提供很好的动力;与某个跟你趣味相投但来自不同文化的人进行交流,你会学到很多东西。经常写作的其他方式还有记日记,写小故事或概述每天的新闻。 语言学习是一个积累的过程。从读和听中吸收尽量多的东西,然后再试着把学到的东西通过说和写加以运用,定会大有收益。 Unit2 弗朗西斯·奇切斯特在六十五岁时开始了只身环球航行。本文记述的就是这一冒险故事。 Sailing Round the Word 弗朗西斯·奇切斯特在独自驾船作环球航行之前,已有好几次让他的朋友们感到吃惊了。他曾试图作环球飞行,但没有成功。那是1931年。 好多年过去了。他放弃了飞行,开始航海。他领略到航海的巨大乐趣。奇切斯特在首届横渡大西洋单人航海比赛中夺魁时,已经五十八岁。他周游世界的宿愿重又被唤起,不过这一次他是要驾船环游。由于他患有肺癌,朋友们和医生们都认为他不该去,但奇切斯特决意实施自己的计划。


综合英语 1 Comprehensive English1 【学分】4 【学时】64 【编写】袁邦照【审核】程莹 (一)授课对象 四年制本科英语专业学生 (二)课程的性质和地位 本课程是是本科英语专业低年级的一门学科基础课程,是英语专业基础阶段全面培养和提高学生语言能力和交际能力的一门课程,在整个基础英语教学中具有重要奠基作用。本课程的教学,是在学生已初步掌握一定的英语词汇、语音、语法基本知识和听、说、读、写基本技能的基础上进行的,因此,主要教学目的在于进一步提高学生综合运用英语的能力,特别是要加强口笔头语言表达能力,同时加深对词汇、语法、写作、修辞等方面的知识,同时指导学生学习方法,培养逻辑思维能力,为进一步接受英语专业高年级教育打下全面的牢固的基础。本课程以课文教学为中心,采用精讲多练、讲练结合的方式,主要通过语言基础训练与篇章讲解分析,启发学生学习语言的积极性和自觉性,使学生逐步提高语篇阅读理解能力,了解英语各种文体的表达方式和特点,扩大词汇量和熟悉英语常用句型,具备基本的口头与笔头表达能力,并逐步形成用英语思维的能力。 (三)课程教学的目标 1.改变观念:帮助学生尽快熟悉大学学习环境和自主学习方法;使学生养成良好的学习习惯;培养学生的独立工作能力。引导学生改变应试学习的观点,逐步树立“To know English is to speak English.”的观念。 2.语音:通过一对一纠音练习,语音模仿秀等,整顿学生的语音面貌,提高学生的朗读技巧。 3.词汇和语法:盘活中学所学语法和词汇,使之成为语言交际的实际技能。认知词汇3000-4000个(其中含中学已学2 000个),熟用其中1600-1800个及其最基本的搭配。听力:能在15分钟听写根据已学知识编写的材料(词数120左右,念四遍,第一、四遍语速为每分钟100个词,第二、三遍根据意群停顿),错误率不超过8%。要求学生每天收听CRI及VOA的Special English。熟悉新闻广播的特点和语速。 4.口语:能使用课文中的重点词汇和短语复述课文;能用英语正确表达所学的功能意念,以达到实际交流运用的目的。 5.阅读和写作:能读懂词汇量为2000-2500的浅易材料及简易读物,阅读速度每分钟60-80个词,理解基本正确,能抓住中心大意。对重点句子能够释义。学会初步使用“英英”


Page 39 6. Translate the following sentences into English. 1.It seemed impossible to me, but all the others looked very confident. Sth. seems (to be) + adj.(表) + to sb. 2.We looked around. There wasn't a building standing in sight. The earthquake seemed to have destroyed everything. Sth. /sb. +(seem + to do)复合谓语3.He seems to be in low spirits these days. Sth./Sb. + seem to be + 表语 wonder why. I think it's because he doesn't seem to be making much progress in his studies. He is afraid of being looked down upon by his classmates. Sb. + seem to do sth There seems to be 4.What are you looking for, Dick? I seem to have lost my key. How annoying! 5.If you find that a word doesn't seem to

make any sense in the sentence, you should look it up in the dictionary. That's the only way to learn to use a word. 6.They went on arguing for hours. Neither of them seem (to be) willing to listen to each other. I suddenly remembered someone saying "Discussion is an exchange of knowledge while argument is an exchange of ignorance." 7.The situation there seems to be very complicated. The government has promised to look into it. 8.My grandpa seems to be getting better and better, but he still needs somebody to look after him. 9.Economists have already come to the conclusion that the crisis seems to be coming to an end. W orld economy is looking up. 10.When I got well I looked at my bank account. To my sadness, I found my balance was almost zero. All my savings in


大学英语精读1课文翻译 Unit1 Some Strategies or Learning English 学习英语绝非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种。 1. 不要以完全同样的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说 "我对英语感兴趣"是"I'm interested in English",而说"我精于法语"则是"I'm good at French"?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说"获悉消息或秘密"是"learn the news or secret",而"获悉某人的成功或到来"却是"learn of someone's success or arrival"?这些都是惯用法的例子。在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的人在日常生活中如何使用它。 3.每天听英语。经常听英语不仅会提高你的听力,而且有助你培养说的技能。除了专为课程准备的语言磁带外,你还可以听英语广播,看英语电视和英语电影。第一次听录好音的英语对话或语段,你也许不能听懂很多。先试着听懂大意,然后再反复地听。你会发现每次重复都会听懂更多的东西。 4.抓住机会说。的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以找到练习讲英语的机会。例如,跟你的同班同学进行交谈可能就是得到一些练习的一种轻松愉快的方式。还可以找校园里以英语为母语的人跟他们随意交谈。或许练习讲英语最容易的方式是高声朗读,因为这在任何时间,任何地方,不需要搭档就可以做到。例如,你可以看着图片或身边的物件,试着对它们详加描述。你还可以复述日常情景。在商店里购物或在餐馆里吃完饭付过账后,假装这一切都发生在一个讲英语的国家,试着用英语把它表演出来。


Lesson One Half a Day Naguib Mahfous 1. I walked alongside my father, clutching his right hand. All my clothes were new: the black shoes, the green school uniform, and the red cap. They did not make me happy, however, as this was the day I was to be thrown into school for the first time. 2. My mother stood at the window watching our progress, and I turned towards her from time to time, hoping she would help. We walked along a street lined with gardens, and fields planted with crops: pears, and date palms. 3. "Why school ?" I asked my father. "What have I done ?" 4. "I'm not punishing you, " he said, laughing. "School's not a punishment. It's a place that makes useful men out of boys. Don' t you want to be useful like your brothers?" 5. I was not convinced. I did not believe there was really any good to be had in tearing me away from my home and throwing me into the huge, high-walled building. 6. When we arrived at the gate we could see the courtyard, vast and full of boys and girls. "Go in by yourself, " said my father, "and join them. Put a smile on your face and be a good example to others. " 7. I hesitated and clung to his hand, but he gently pushed me from him. "Be a man, " he said. "Today you truly begin life. You will find me waiting for you when it's time to leave. " 8. I took a few steps. Then the faces of the boys and girls came into view. I did not know a single one of them, and none of them knew me. I felt I was a stranger who had lost his way. But then some boys began to glance at me in curiosity, and one of them came over and asked, "Who brought you?" 9. "My father, " I whispered. 10. "My father's dead, " he said simply. 11. I did not know what to say. The gate was now closed. Some of the children burst into tears. The bell rang. A lady came along, followed by a group of men. The men began sorting us into ranks. We were formed into an intricate pattern in the great courtyard surrounded by high buildings; from each floor we were overlooked by a long balcony roofed in wood. 12. "This is your new home, "said the woman. "There are mothers and fathers here, too. Everything that is enjoyable and beneficial is here. So dry your tears and face life joyfully. " 13. Well, it seemed that my misgivings had had no basis. From the first moments I made many friends and fell in love with many girls. I had never imagined school would have this rich variety of experiences. 14. We played all sorts of games. In the music room we sang our first songs. We also had our first introduction to language. We saw a globe of the Earth, which revolved and showed the various continents and countries. We started learning numbers, and we were told the story of the Creator of the universe. We ate delicious food, took a little nap, and woke up to go on with friendship and love, playing and learning. 15. Our path, however, was not totally sweet and unclouded. We had to be observant and patient. It was not all a matter of playing and fooling around. Rivalries could bring about pain and hatred or give rise to


Unit 1 1.adolescence .青春期 2.adolescent .青少年时期 3.adulthood.成年 4.affection .喜爱 5.affirm. 断言 6.agenda.日程表 7.Approval .同意,批准 8.attitudinal .态度的 9.counsel .建议 10.crisis . 危机 11.encyclopedia .百科全书 12.endeavor.尝试 13.endowment.天赋 14.ethical.道德的 15.evaluate.估算,评估 16.excessive.过分的,极度的 17.feminine .女性的 18.functional .职务的 19.genetic 基因的 20.heighten . 提高 21.inherit遗传,继承 22.inhibition压抑的情绪 23.interaction合作 24.internalize内化 25.masculine 男性的 26.newscast 新闻广播 27.option 选择 28.peer 同龄人 29.perceive理解 30.prejudiced 偏见 31.rebel抗议 32.resentment 怨恨 33.seminary学院的 34.theological神学的 35.wardrobe衣橱 Unit 2 36..abate 减弱 37..akimbo两手叉腰 38..barrel桶 39..bookworm极爱读书的人 40..careerism追求个人事业成功 41..clan家族 42..coax 哄骗https://www.sodocs.net/doc/667020362.html,prise 组成 https://www.sodocs.net/doc/667020362.html,pulsion 冲动 45..convent女修道院 46..corollary 推论 47..couched 表达 48..courser骏马 49..crayfish小龙虾 50..curled卷曲的 51..discontented不满足的 52..dishearten 让人失去希望 53..dogged顽强的 54..domino---多米诺骨牌 55..equivalent等效 56..ethos精神 57..exclusivity---排他性,排外性 58..flatten使平整 59..frigate- 护航舰 60..gable---三角墙 61..guillotine- 断头台 62..hale--健壮的 63..installment- 一期 64..interior--内部的 65..inveterate- 积习难改的,成瘾的 66..invincible 太壮而无法击败 https://www.sodocs.net/doc/667020362.html,tter-下半年 68..literacy-有文化的 69..literati-识字的 70..lure 诱惑力 71..mockingbird--知更鸟 72..ottoman- 奥斯曼帝国 73..parallel平行的,同时的 74..perplexed- 迷惑的 75..plummet--暴跌 76..portray-- 描绘,勾画 77..prance-欢腾 78..prize-对---很重要 79..pundit-某一学科的权威,专家 80..safari-野外狩猎 81..Saint--圣徒,圣人 82..sanction-批准 83..seduce 诱使 84..sling-挂在 85..snobbery- 势力 86..solace安慰


UNIT 1 As we are at the start of the course, this seems a good moment to offer some advice on how to make the task of learning English easier. 课程开始之际,就如何使学习英语的任务更容易提出一些建议似乎正当其时。 Some Strategies for Learning English Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged effort. 学习英语绝非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 Nevertheless, while you cannot expect to gain a good command of English without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them. 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种。 1. Do not treat all new words in exactly the same way. Have you ever complained about your memory because you find it simply impossible to memorize all the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with too many new words at a time, some of them are bound to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary. 1. 不要以完全同样的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered why we say, "I am interested in English", but "I am good at French"? And have you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, "learn the news or secret", but "learn of someone's success or arrival"? These are all examples of idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives. 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说“我对英语感兴趣”是“I'm interested in English”,而说“我精于法语”则是“I'm good at French”?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说“获悉消息或秘密”是“learn the news or secret”,而“获悉某