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雅思阅读预测真题库5参考答案

雅思阅读预测真题库5参考答案
雅思阅读预测真题库5参考答案

Novice and expert

principles and rules/mentor/journeyman/patterns of behavior/complex FALSE/TRUE/TRUE/NOT GIVEN/FALSE

models/consensus/manifestations

Museum Blockbuster

C /A /B /B

Customers/public relation skills /(the new) museology /tourist attractions A D/B C E

Sir Francis Ronalds and Telegraph

G/A/E/D/I

Letters and numbers(or alphabet and numbers)/glass tubes/800km/frictional-electricity(machine)

D/A/E/C/G

Bestcom-Considerate Computing

FALSE/TRUE/TRUE/TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN

clues/relationship/message/reschedule/mail/cellphone/meeting

Video Game’s Unexpected Benefits to Human Brain C / D / B / D /

NOT GIVE / TRUE / NOT GIVEN / FALSE /

C / F / B / E / A /

Fossil Files --- the Paleobiology Database iii/i/ii/vi/v/iv

B/D/C/B/D/B/C

Scent of Success

1-6题的NB可以忽略

C/B/A/F/G/E/B/D/A/E/D/C/B

A New Ice Age

D/C/A/D/B/A/B/C

heat/denser/Great Ocean Conveyor/freshwater/southward

Soviet’s New Working Week

i/xii/ii/x/i/ix/v/vii

C/A/D

Yuri Larin/color-coding/family

The Persuaders

YES/NOT GIVEN/YES/NO

B/C/D/C

trolleys/aisles/loyalty card/cosmetics/group

Water Filter

clay/water/straw/cow manure/950 degrees/60 minutes FALSE/TRUE/NOT GIVEN/NOT GIVEN

C/D/A

Mungo Man

TRUE/NOTGIVEN /TRUE/ FALSE /TRUE /NOTGIVEN

A /E /A /

B /

C /

D /B / A

Bamboo, A Wonder plant

E/D/B/A/D/C/B/A/B/B/D

soil erosion/paper

The Gap of Ingenuity

C/A/B/D/B/B/C/YES/YES/YES/NO/NOT GIVEN/YES/NO

Corporate Soical Responsibility v/viii/iv/vii/i/iii/ii

equal opportunity/internal cost

C/C/A/B

Amateur Naturalists

B/C/H/G/E/D/A

Beekepping/life cycle/drought

C/B/A/A

Thomas Young : The Last True Know-It-All

TRUE/FALSE/FALSE/FALSE/TRUE/TRUE/NOT GIVEN

human eye(or human eye accommodation)/Indo-European/Richard Brocklesby/Royal Institution/gas lighting

How to Achieve Happiness

vi/vii/iv/ix/ii

B/D/A/C/B/D/F/B

Aquaculture in New Zealand

忽略NB

F/E/D/I/G

Fuel/power/water streams/contaminant/harvesting/Government B5(target)/increase(producing/production)capacity/photosynthesis

Consecutive and Simultaneous Translation

B/D/C/C/A

2-3 seconds/10 seconds/100-120/200/95-164

B/C/E/F

The Future Never Dies?

YES/NO/YES/NG/NO/NG

temperature/(molten)rock(or ash)/food/tidal wave/ice age/rocket/D

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计算题库及参考答案 1、设A 点高程为,欲测设设计高程为的B 点,水准仪安置在A 、B 两点之间,读得A 尺读数a=,B 尺读数b 为多少时,才能使尺底高程为B 点高程。 【解】水准仪的仪器高为=i H +=,则B 尺的后视读数应为 b==,此时,B 尺零点的高程为16m 。 2、在1∶2000地形图上,量得一段距离d =,其测量中误差=d m ±,求该段距离的实地长度D 及中误差D m 。 【解】==dM D ×2000=464m ,==d D Mm m 2000×=200cm=2m 。 3、已知图中AB 的坐标方位角,观测了图中四个水平角,试计算边长B →1,1→2,2→3,3→4的坐标方位角。 【解】=1B α197°15′27″+90°29′25″-180°=107°44′52″ =12α107°44′52″+106°16′32″-180°=34°01′24″ =23α34°01′24″+270°52′48″-180°=124°54′12″ =34α124°54′12″+299°35′46″-180°=244°29′58″ 4、在同一观测条件下,对某水平角观测了五测回,观测值分别为:39°40′30″,39°40′48″,39°40′54″,39°40′42″,39°40′36″,试计算: ① 该角的算术平均值——39°40′42″; ② 一测回水平角观测中误差——±″; ③ 五测回算术平均值的中误差——±″。 5、在一个直角三角形中,独立丈量了两条直角边a ,b ,其中误差均为m ,试推导由a ,b 边计算所得斜边c 的中误差c m 的公式 【解】斜边c 的计算公式为22b a c +=,全微分得 db c b da c a bdb b a ada b a d c +=+++=--2)(212)(2121 222 1 22 应用误差传播定律得2 22 222222222m m c b a m c b m c a m c =+=+= 6、已知=AB α89°12′01″,=B x ,=B y ,坐标推算路线为B →1→2,测得坐标推算路线的右角分别为=B β32°30′12″,=1β261°06′16″,水平距离分别为=1B D ,=12D ,试计算1,2点的平面坐标。 【解】 1) 推算坐标方位角 =1B α89°12′01″-32°30′12″+180°=236°41′49″ =12α236°41′49″-261°06′16″+180°=155°35′33″ 2) 计算坐标增量 =?1B x ×cos236°41′49″=, =?1B y ×sin236°41′49″=。 =?12x ×cos155°35′33″=, 图 推算支导线的坐标方位角

(完整word版)2014年雅思阅读模拟试题及答案解析(2),推荐文档

Next Year Marks the EU's 50th Anniversary of the Treaty A. After a period of introversion and stunned self-disbelief, continental European governments will recover their enthusiasm for pan-European institution-building in 2007. Whether the European public will welcome a return to what voters in two countries had rejected so short a time before is another matter. B. There are several reasons for Europe’s recovering self-confidence. For years European economies had been lagging dismally behind America (to say nothing of Asia), but in 2006 the large continental economies had one of their best years for a decade, briefly outstripping America in terms of growth. Since politics often reacts to economic change with a lag, 2006’s improvement in economic growth will have its impact in 2007, though the recovery may be ebbing by then. C. The coming year also marks a particular point in a political cycle so regular that it almost seems to amount to a natural law. Every four or five years,European countries take a large stride towards further integration by signing a new treaty: the Maastricht treaty in 1992, the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997, the Treaty of Nice in 2001. And in 2005 they were supposed to ratify a European constitution,laying the ground for yet more integration—until the calm rhythm was rudely shattered by French and Dutch voters. But the political impetus to sign something every four or five years has only been interrupted, not immobilised, by this setback. D. In 2007 the European Union marks the 50th anniversary of another treaty —the Treaty of Rome, its founding charter. Government leaders have already agreed to celebrate it ceremoniously, restating their commitment to “ever closer union”and the basic ideals of European unity. By itself, and in normal circumstances,the EU’s 50th-birthday greeting to itself would be fairly meaningless, a routine expression of European good fellowship. But it does not take a Machiavelli to spot that once governments have signed the declaration (and it seems unlikely anyone would be so uncollegiate as to veto it) they will already be halfway towards committing themselves to a new treaty. All that will be necessary will be to incorporate the 50th-anniversary declaration into a new treaty containing a number of institutional

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