1.1)insert 2) on occasion 3) investigate 4) In retrospect 5) initial 6) phenomena 7) attached 8) make up for 9) is awaiting
10) not ?in the least 11) promote 12) emerged
1)There is a striking contrast between the
standards of living in the north of the country and the south.
2)Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
3)The city 's importance as a financial center has evolved slowly.
4)His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.
5)The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.
3. 1) be picked up, can ' t accomplish, am exaggerating
2)somewhat, performance, have neglected, they apply to
3)assist, On the other hand, are valid, a superior
1.1) continual 2) continuous 3) continual 4) continuous
2.1) principal 2) principal 3) principle
4)principles 5) principal III.
3. herself/by herself/on her own
6. yourself/ by yourself/on your own Comprehensive Exercise
I.Cloze 1. 1) contrast 2) exaggerating 3) priority 4) on the other hand
5) promoting 6) pick up 7) assist 8) accomplish 9) on occasion 10) neglecting 11) worthwhile 12) superior
2.1) end 2) perform 3) facing 4) competent 5) equipped 6) designed 7) approach 8) rest 9) definitely 10) quality
II. Translation 1.1) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition. 2) Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience.
3) Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.
4)Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it 's worthwhile to buy/purchase it? 5) If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.
2.To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as
many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
★Text B Comprehension check: c c d a c b Language Practice
1.g h e c f a b d
2.1) adopt 2) account 3) from your point of view 4) ended up 5) furthermore 6) fund 7) annual 8) keeping track of 9) pace 10) intends 11) perspective 12) devise Unit 2
Vocabulary I. 1. 1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless 4) wear and tear 5) dated
7 )seemingly 8) in contrast to 9) Curiosity 10) genuine 11) primarily 12) sentiments
2. 1) When you are confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.
2)Water is vital to the existence of all forms of life.
3)There is still some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject.
4)As a person of simple living habits, he needs nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy.
5)It tickled him to think that she ' d come to as his advice.
3.1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments
2)fill out, every item, vital, consequences
3)be denied, tangible, cherish, attain
II. 1.It ' s a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
2.She arrived early and took a front row seat.
3.Don ' t take me for a fool.
4.It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
5.My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.
6.He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
7.Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
8.If you don ' t take my advice, you will regret it.
2. to give
3. to return
4. being praised
5. not having written
6. to say
7. to open
8. being helped Comprehensive Exercise
I.1. 1) well-off/affluent 2) dated 3) falling into 4) bracket 5) deny 6) tangible 7) pursuit 8) cherishes 9) out of place 10) abrupt 11) focus 12) donations 2. 1) consume 2) fueled 3) annual 4) plain 5) physically 6) security 7) indicates 8) equally 9) traditional 10) follows
1.1)The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.
2)Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.
3)Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That
s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.
4)Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.
5)In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs.
2.With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
Comprehension Check: b b d c d d Language Practice
1.f c g e b a h d
2.1)stunned 2) hold (fast) to 3) folks 4) generosity 5) discount
6)liable 7) ranks 8) on the run 9) make up 10) blends in 11) by
all accounts 12) comes into contact with
★Text A Vocabulary
I. 1 ．1) typical 2)dumb 3) junior 4) glorious 5) welfare 6)came
over 7) interference 8)fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank 11)schemes 12) at any rate
2.1) The Security council consists of five generals and four police officers.
2)The new hotel will be in a location overlooking the lake.
3)I was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people.
4)Do you have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?
5)the boy was exhausted after the long cycle ride.
3.1) hysterical; was handed down; should have known better
2)twisted, over and over, talented son
3)patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured, repeatedly
II. 1.adequate 2. anxious 3. certain 4.
content 5. crazy 6. likely 7. fortunate 8. Keen
3. be postponed
5. be banned
6. be Comprehensive Exercise
1. 1) typical 2) welfare 3) constant 4) frank 5) talent 6) dumb
7)know better than that 8) repeatedly 9) dread 10) interference 11) bet 12) assure 2. 1) despite 2) really 3) same 4) contact 5) admitted 6) attempt 7) not 8) tend 9) different 10) manner
1. 1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?
2)The planning committee has narrowed down the possible
locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.
3)Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live
on welfare for the rest of his life.
4)A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.
5)Sean felt humiliated ti hear his talent being questioned.
2.George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “ What has come over
you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement. ”I n the end George traded his CD' s for computer games software from his classmates.
★Text B Comprehension Check: b a b c d a Language Practice
1.d e f g a b h c
2. 1) and he like 2) popularity 3) had been kept in the dark 4) define 5) was aware of 6)relate 7) were up to 8) trend 9)opportunity 10)mobile 11)comments 12) interviewed Unit 4
★Text A Vocabulary I.
1.1) conversely 2). but then 3) symptom 4) spitting 5) abusing
6)tone 7) took ?in 8) editing 9) have arranged 10) in sight 11) stretched 12) data
2.1) The sight of teenagers smoking cigarettes jars on me. 2) A