1. Understanding the Organization of the Text
1) Introduction: (para.1)
Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people.
2) Reasons why shyness can have a negative effect: (para.2—3)
Peop le’s self-concept has a profound effect on all areas of their lives.
People with high self-esteem usually act with confidence.
People with low self-esteem are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others.
3) Ways of overcoming shyness: (para.4—15)
i) Recognize your personal strengths and weaknesses.
ii) Set reasonable goals.
iii) Don’t waste time and energy on destructive feelings such as guilt and shame.
iv) Don’t be afraid to speak up and give your point of view.
v) Do not make negative comments about yourself.
vi) Accept criticism thoughtfully.
vii) Profit from failures and disappointments by viewing them as learning experiences.
viii) Do not associate with people who make you feel inadequate.
ix) Set aside time to relax, enjoy hobbies, and reevaluate your goals regularly.
x) Practice being in social situations.
4) Conclusion: (para.16)
The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our full potential.
2. Understanding Specific Information
1) F 2) T 3) T 4) T 5) F 6) T 7) F 8) F
3. Group Discussion
1) I think the most effective ways of overcoming shyness are the first and seventh ways.
Recognizing our personal strengths and weaknesses is useful because if we know ourselves better, we can feel more self-confident. We can be more objective, instead of being blind. The seventh way is to profit from failures and disappointments as learning experiences. If we allow ourselves to get discouraged and sad when we fail, then we will feel more unsure of ourselves. But if we think of a failure as a learning experience, we are adopting a positive attitude. By analyzing objectively why we failed and planning how to set about doing things differently we will be more likely to succeed next time.
2) Modesty is used to describe a reserved appraisal of one’s merits, abilities or success. The
opposite of modesty is arrogance or boastfulness. Modest people don’t want to talk about their
abilities or achievements. Modest people know their strengths and their worth, but choose to downplay their greatness and be humble. So modesty is the result of confidence. Shyness is used to describe the uncomfortable feeling one has in the company of others. It often implies a lack of self-confidence and a timid, reserved manner. Modesty is a good personality trait while shyness in many cases is undesirable.
3) B eing shy isn’t necessarily a bad thing.It is appropriate and normal to be shy in some circumstances, for example, in the pres ence of teachers, your boss, your parents’ friends or your prospective in-laws; when you are dating someone, especially the first time; when you are with strangers; when you are in a new environment; when you’re facing a large audience. In fact, it can eve n be helpful to be a little shy. When you’re shy and keep silent, you may spend a little time observing the surroundings and people around before jumping right into the new situation.
1. “Self-”is a prefix which means “of, to or by oneself or itself” .
Words with the prefix “self-” that appear in the text: self-conscious, self-concept, self-assurance, self-worth, self-confidence, self-esteem, self-destructive, self-awareness, self-acceptance, self-rejection, self-confident.
1) self-conscious (worried and embarrassed about what you look like or what other people think of you)
2) self-confidence (belief in one’s own ability, power, judgment, etc.; confidence in oneself)
3) self-esteem (the feeling that you are someone who deserves to be liked, respected, or admired)
4) self-destructive (with thoughts or actions that are counter to one’s own best interests)
5) self-worth (the value you give to your life and achievements)
6) self-concept (one’s conception or general idea of one’s own basic characte r and nature)
7) self-awareness (realistic knowledge and judgment about oneself)
8) self-assurance/self-confidence (the belief that you are able to deal with people and problems easily)
2. Part A
1) G 2) I 3) A 4) F 5) C 6) D 7) J 8) B 9) E 10) H
1) profound 2) jealousy 3) overcome 4) eventually 5) compliments
6) diminish 7) reassurance 8) detrimental 9) isolated 10) accented
3. 1) reflected 2) concerned/worried 3) profound effect/influence 4) viewed/regarded 5) sensitive 6) respond/react 7) eliminated 8) overcome my fear 9) concentrate on 10) made no comment
1. Shyness can vary from feeling mild discomfort to high levels of anxiety that impact us in almost
everything we do.
2. Despite his stubbornness, he knew in his heart that he should avoid arousing any suspicions.
3. It will be interpreted as criticism no matter what you say.
4. Let’s not allow ourselves to be upset by trifles (which) we should despise and forget.
5. Too much time spent dwelling on the past can get in the way of enjoying life as it happens.
6. People who believe they can accomplish goals and solve problems are more likely to do well in
1. Enriching Your Word Power
1) B 2) B 3) A 4) B 5) C 6) C 7) C 8) A 9) A 10) C