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Unit 1

1) "So you want to be a rock and roll star?" asked the musician, Bib Dylan. You have decided to seek fame's spotlight. And you will not be persuaded otherwise. What is it that lures you? Is it the worshiping fans? Or is it simply to be recognized for being truly fantastic at something? This is all quite understandable. I should warn you, though. It is difficult to sustain the public's favor. These people will grow bored so easily. Even jf_you should succeed, you might not be happy, once you win in your conquest of fame, complai nts will follow. For example, people will say that your

work fails to show a lack of continuity in its appeal. You see, their enthusiasm will soon dissolve I should also tell you that there will be plenty of people who will want to exploit you during your brief stay at the top. Friends? Sure, as long as you have money you'll have friends who will suck everyth ing you have out of you. And don't forget to watch your

age nt closely Y ou might n eed a good lawyer and an acco untant, but they too will want their piece of the pie —maki ng money out of you.

2) I see you understand the cruelty of the situation. However, your chase for fame can't be discouraged by my pessimistic outlook. Go ahead the n. Don't ket me stop you. But whe n you fail of fall right back where you started and you're miserable, don't accuse me of not hav ing warned you. I've done all that I can for you.


Unit 2

1) It is doubtful that there was a more successful comedy team in the 20 th century than the Three Stooges. Larry, Moe, and Curly became famous for their many short movies featuring extraordinary comedy. In their movies, they found many ways of showing off funny actions. They attracted large audienee and received a lot of applause. However, their movies also sparked criticism. Some people who did n't like the Three Stooges claimed they were too viole nt. I n a TV in terview Moe and Larry were roused to defe nd themselves. Their coarse brand, they said, should n't be take n seriously It was just "cartoon violenee".

2) The stooges got their name and their start in an act called Ted Healy and His Stooges. This act began paving the way for their exceedingly successful career. Originally the team was composed of Larry, Moe and Shemp. However, Shemp left for a career in more serious movies. When Shemp left Curly took his place. Shemp's clumsy character returned in 1964 after Curly suffered a stoke.

3) Moe was the heart and soul of the team, acting as both their main comic force and their director. He was resp on sible for scripti ng many of the jokes. He'd also spe nd time providi ng his services as their bus in ess man ager. I n 1934 the team began a series of comedy shorts that numbered more than 200 when they ceased in 1985, which won them numerous fans. Despite all the criticism, the Three Stooges are undoubtedly the most famous famous comedy team that history ever inven ted.





Unit 3

1) The challe nges faced by all child protect ion caseworkers are obvious. What is ofte n n ot so obvious are the many rewards a caseworker career offers. People often ask why anybody in their right mind would want to be a child protect ion caseworker, habitually deali ng with the most disadva ntaged and troubled families in their com mun ity. Caseworkers routinely come across disturbing cases of child abuse and neglect, and clients who are not cooperative. Being a caseworker means being an age nt of positive cha nge, especially whe n the welfare sector is not just a job to you, but a professi onal vocati on.

2) Child protection is a difficult and challenging career path to follow, but the rewards fo exist. Many of our caseworkers choose this career path out of a desire to contribute to the community. To be part of a process can ultimately change a family's life, and caseworkers may witness their intervention equip a young person so that his or her future prospects are improved. Of course, this does not occur with every intervention. But when it happens, it is a(n) rewarding experie nee. And if you are won deri ng whether this experie nee makes the job worthwhile, the an swer is YES !

3) A good indicator of how outside people look at the caseworker career has been the feedback from university students. In 2006 there were 118 students on placements of caseworker career. Those students who completed their placeme nts in child protect ion told us about the great opportunity they have had to apply theory to practice: the many chances of learning new skills and trying new skills and trying new tasks; the sound knowledge available through training; and how valuable becoming familiar with different welfare services was to their future career.



学生的反馈。在2006年有118学生存款的社会工作者的职业生涯(实习) 。这些学生在保护儿童完成他们的存款在2006年的大好



Unit 4

1) We are livi ng in the age of a telecom muni cati ons revoluti on. In order to keep from gett ing left behind , many develop ing coun tries are mak ing an inten sive effort to stre ngthe n their telecom muni cati ons in frastructure. This will help them catch up with the developed coun tries. It was, after all, adva need telecom muni cati ons that gave some coun tries an economic advantage over others during the 20th century. There is one place that developing nations are looking to improve upon. That is en abli ng their citize ns and bus in esses to get access to the Web. They are in stall ing adva need optical fibers. These fibers, a millimeter in diameter, can bring the in formatio n superhighway to their door. The initial investments that countries like Vietnam are making may seem too great because they still lack basic utilities, like electricity and water. However, gover nment officials say that these moves are strategic. They are also con fide nt that their coun tries will reap the ben efits. They will ben efit from hav ing more reliable and up-to-date telecom muni cati ons equipment and gaining more revenues. One Vietnamese leader said, "It is understandable that people want to tackle their immediate problems first. Still, our entire future is at stake. People don't always understand the breadth of the problem, though." He continued, "There are problems with using the antique communications equipment. And if we continue to use such old equipment, the gap between us and the developed world will continue to widen. Sacrifices have to be made now so that our children will have a country with opportunities equal io those they see in the developed world." It will not be far where they can cruise alon gside America ns and Wester n Europea ns on the in formati on





Unit 5

1) Have you ever experie need livi ng alone by yourself?

2) Sun light disappears, awake ning me to the fact that I am alon e. I am a(n) solitary observer on this isolated pond in the forest. Here I sit alone as the last light of day fades away. A lone wolf in the distance cries out. Then darkness creeps in around me. I return to my small hut to put the kettle on the stove and sit in solitude with a hot cup of tea un til I want to sleep. The fire in side the stove is low, so I use the axe to split some wood and throw them in. It gets the fire going. I had made preparations to be here for the entire summer. However, after a month I am already lacking in supplies. I did n't expect i would be tired of this experie nee so soon. In the cupboards there is nothing but no odles, and half a pint of wine. I have become so sick of noodles. Still, I have to force myself to choke them down. As I bring the teacup to my lips, I consider whether I should return to civilization to gather supplies or simply abandon my adventure. My observation is that self-relianee is a bit boring. I long to share a steak dinner with my friends, to watch my niece play in the summer's heat. Still my ego will not let me return to my family and friends just yer. I had boasted to them about how being alone would bring about inspiration to writing poetry. The fact is that I have written nothing.






Unit 6

Bribery may lead to murder. A month ago reporters rushed to the scene of a crime. At the spot the detective seemed even hardly aware of their presence as he did dis work. He carefully searched for clues over every inch of the house. After a while, he bent over to pick up a small torn piece of fabric. Nothi ng could escape from his search. The detective

suspected that this piece of fabric was torn from the murderer's clothing during a struggle.

The victim had been the finance director of a very large computer hardware manufacturer. His wife, a timid woman, shared everything she knew with the detective, including a hot quarrel her husband had with some of the company's top executives at a banq uet. There had bee n a sca ndal involving bribery at his compa ny. He was investigating the bus in ess of many of the top executives. He had concluded that some people were giving special favors to government officials to get contracts. He often questioned their moral conscience and told them that he would accuse them if they were doing someth ing they should n't, which caused problems for him. His questi oning and accus ing often left him at odds with many of the executives. This time it had led to a fatal blow on his head. The detective caught sight of a crucial clue. A brass butt on in the corn er. It was from a jacket of one of the top executives. Later his executive and the compa ny's preside nt was arrested. Of course this is not the end of the story.



Unit 7

Many Native America ns closely resemble Asia ns. This has led most scie ntists to exceedingly believe someth ing about Native America ns. They thi nk that most Native America ns descend from dista nt group of people. These people migrated from Siberia across the Bering Strait, between 17,000-11,000 years ago. The exact time and route is still under question. That is, it is still a(n) matter of debate. The time they traveled and the route they took is still being argued, as is whether it happe ned at all.

Until recently, some anthropologists argued that the migration occurred 12,000 years ago. However, there are a nu mber of difficulties with this theory —jn particular, the prese nce of people in the America ns earlier tha n one might think. There is growing evidence of human presence in brazil and Chile 11,500 years ago or earlier. There is also evidence of humans living in the Americas some 50,000 years ago. Therefore, other possibilities have been suggested.

They may have crossed the land bridge several thousand years earlier or they may have sailed along the western coast. However, some contest this theory. They think that humans lacked skills for sailing during that era.

Some con sider the gen etic and cultural evide nce for an Asia n origi n overwhel min g. It should be no ted, however, that some other people are very upset at this idea. Many prese nt-day Native America ns reject the above theories. They say those who put forward such theories have political motivation. They have their own traditional stories that offer accounts of where they came from. Their own stories claim that their origins are different from what scientists say. Those acco un ts, though, have mostly bee n ignored by scholars. Therefore, the origi n of America ns still rema ins a mystery to be explored.


这些人穿过白令海峡之间17,000-1 1,000年前从西伯利亚迁移。确切的时间和路线是仍然受到质疑。也就是说,它仍然是一个有争议的问题。前往的时候,他们和他们采取的路线仍被认为,无论它发生在所有。直到最近,一些人类学家认为,迁移发生在12000


Unit 8

Here is the story about how the American civil rights movement started in the 1950s. Tired as she was, Mrs. Parks walked past the first few —mostly empty —rows of seats marked "Whites Only". Black people were allowed to sit in these seats as long as no white person was standing. Despite the fact that Rosa Parks hated segregation laws, she had never done anything against the law. She had been fighting for civil rights for more than 10 years, but always legally. However, that day she did something that was illegal.

She found and sat in a(n) vacant seat in the back of the bus. The bus continued along its route. The driver noticed that all the seats in the "Whites On ly" sect ion were already taken . And more white people had just climbed aboard . He ordered the people in Mrs. Parks' row to move to the back, where there were no open seats and people had to stand. No one moved at first, but when the driver barked at the black passengers a second time, they did what they were told. They all moved to the back —except Rosa Parks. She remained in the prohibited seat. Consequently, trouble occured. Ms. Parks was thrown in jail for defying the law.

This incident in spired the Mon tgomery Bus Boycott of 1955-1956. It also sparked the 20th-ce ntury civil rights

moveme nt. Mrs. Parks quickly became the focus of that day. She has bee n remembered as a brave fighter in the civil rights moveme nt.




Unit 9

Some people have criticized the Disney management for being culturally insensitive in building a theme park in France. Disney has reacted to the accusation with comments of its own. People from Disney have said that the company is very sensitive to the idea that its park shows a(n) lack of cultural concerns. They have tried to make it more European by emphasizing Europea n cultural eleme nts. The lege nds and fairy tales which come from Europe figure prominen tly in the park. The creative development of the theme park, in fact, has a European base. Disney has also claimed that the park will be special. It will have a uniquen ess appropriate to its Europea n sett ing. All the direct ion signs in the park will be in two Ianguages. They will be in French as well as in English. Some performers in the park will chat in French, Spanish and En glish. On the other hand, Disney will rema in America n. Disney does concede that the park is America n. That is, it does have an American cultural focus in essence Disney sees this through something important. It is the main selling value to attract people. The 320 million European citizens who live within a two-hour flight want to visit Disney, because it is America n. The Europea ns coming to the park would be disappo in ted by a park that is strictly represe ntative of their own countries. The people who visit the park will be very happy with the American culture they see represented by Disneyland. During their trip, they will experienee not only the cultures of Europe, but also that of the US as well. One thing is undeniable though: All other previous theme parks in Europe have been unsuccessful. It is not yet clear how a Disney theme park will do in France.



Unit 10

The concept of Emotional Intelligence (EO or EI) was first defined by Peter Salovey and John Mayer, but it became widely popular after Daniel Goleman published his best-seller Emotional Intelligence in 1995. A definition of emotional in tellige nce is "knowing how you and others feel and what to do about it".

The control center of our emotions is a small part of our brain called the amygdala. It scans incoming signals from

our sen sory orga ns (eyes, ears, etc.) and act as the emoti onal alarm cen ter of our body. Whe n it detects a con diti on that we hate, that we fear, or that could hurt us, it triggers an immediate response from the other parts of our brain that control our actions. The amygdala's extensive web of the rest of the brain, including the rational mind. This accounts for why we sometimes do things "without thinking", like closing our eyes just before a flying bug hits our face or losing our

con trol duri ng the course of a quarrel.

In fact, the importa nee of EQ for in dividual succes has emerged as a hot topic over the past decade. Many orga ni zati

ons are beg inning to realize the importa nce of EQ and have started to ide ntify the aspects of EQ that are most esse ntial to success. Once this is done, they are able to use formal assessme nt tools to pick out stong can didates.

It is easy to see how EQ can impact on performa nce as an in dividual con tributor. Considering the in creas ing importance of teams in today's working world, it is obvious that any role that requires teamwork relies heavily on in terpers onal in sight and proficie ncy. Even the smartest, most experie need workers can have a(n)negative impact on team performance if they fail to find ways to get along with others. In a more solitary role like sales, individuals still need to demonstrate high EQ to recognize how a potential customer is feeling. Success often depends on the ability to identify the customer's needs. Those better equipped to deal with frustration and pressure may be less likely to make mistakes or become injured through poor decisi on-mak ing.

情商(EQ或El)的概念最早是由彼得?沙洛维和John Mayer的定义,但它成为广受欢迎的丹尼尔?戈尔曼出版后在1995








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