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Unit 1

1.How did the author feel about the incident at the time it occurred?What does he think of it


the author felt that it was a rather unpleasant experience at the time it happened,but now he thinks he can make a good story from the incident

2.Why did he go to Richmond?

he went there to look for a temporary job to make enough money to go travelling

3.What did the author think got him into trouble with the law?

the author thought it must be his obvious aimlessness of wandering in the streets that got him into trouble with the law

4.What did he see when walking out of the local library?

He saw a man walking across the road with the obvious intention of talking to him

5.What did the man say to him? Did he take the man’s works seriously at first?

The man said that he was a policeman and was going to arrest him. But the author didn’t take the man’s words seriously but thought it was some kind of joke at first

6.When and how did the author come to see the man was being serious?

At the time when another policeman appeared in uniform, the author came to see the man was serious

7.What grounds did the policemen have for suspecting that the young man was wandering

with intent to steal milk bottles?

First ,the policemen saw the young man wandering aimlessly in the streets sometimes just stopping and looking around him. Then, it turned out there had been a lot of petty thieves in the area who stole milk bottles from doorsteps. On these grounds ,the policemen suspected that the young man was wandering with intent to steal milk bottles

8.What does the author mean by his “big mistake”?

By his “big mistake ”, the author means he shouldn’t have had long hair and appeared so cool and unconcerned about the incident ,and shouldn’t take himself as part of the sixties’“youth counterculture”,because all these confirmed the policemen’s suspicion that he was a

disrespectable fellow

9.How did he behave when he was questioned at the police station?W hat did the police

decide to do with him?

When he was questioned ,he continued to try to look worldly and au fait with the situation.

As a result , the police charged him officially and told him to report to Richmond Magistrates’Court the follow Monday

10.What did his father do when he learned about the incident?

As soon as his father learned about the incident ,he hired a good solicitor

11.What were the things his release from the charge depended on?

The things his release from the charge depended on were his “right” accent, respectable middle-class parents, reliable witnesses, such as, his English teacher as his character witness, and a very good solicitor in particular.

12.What did the policeman probably mean by saying” You could have been a bit more helpful

when we arrested you”?

By saying these words, the policeman probably meant that he should have looked very angry and said something like,”Lookhere,do you know who you’re talking to? Iam a highly

successful student with a brilliant academic record. How dare you arrest me!”then, they world perhaps have apologized to him and let him go.

Unit 2

1.what did the author’s children teach him he other night?


The author’s children taught him about paradigm shifts, and limitations of linear thinking and how to refocus parameters one night

2.what were the author and his children doing that night?


They were playing their own oral version of the Sesame Street game, “What Doesn’t Belong?”

3.what was the question the father put to his children?


The question is “What doesn’t belong, an orange ,a tomato or a strawberry?”

4.what was the oldest child’s answer to the question?


The oldest child answered that it was tomato became the other two were fruits.

5.What did the author think of his answer?


The author thought the answer was right

6.What answers did his 4-year-old and 6-year-old give?


The author’s 4-year-old child said that the right answer was strawberry because the

other two were round and a strawberry was not. And his 6-year-old child said that

answer should be orange because the other two were red

7.What did the 9-year-old and the middle one add to the answers?


The 9-year-old added that it could also be the orange because the other two grew on vines and the middle child said that it could be strawberry because it was the only one they put on ice cream

8.Why does the author think Copernicus, Reuben Mattus and Edward Jenner belong in the

same group?


The author thinks that these three famous people belong in the same group because they were doing what every scientist who’s ever made an important discovery

throughout history has done, according to Thomas Kuhn, in his book, The Structure of Scientific Revolution :They were shifting old paradigms

9.What did the author’s children do to deserve membership in the same group as

Copemicus and Edward Jenner?


The children were refocusing the parameters. They were redefining the problems. They were reframing the questions. And these are exactly the same that Copemicus and

Edward Jenner have done

10.What if the Sesame Street game had been a workbook exercise in school?


If Sesame Street game had been a workbook exercise in school, every kid who framed

the question differently than “Which is not a fruit?” would have been wrong, that is to

say every kid who didn’t circle tomato would have been marked wrong.

11.Why does the author wish to remind us that there are real limits to the value of



Because unless we shift our paradigms and refocus our parameters, the super

information highway will lead us nowhere. From the examples of those great scientists

and inventors, the author tells us that we are not now, nor have we recently been

suffering from a lack of information so that what we need as we begin to downshift onto the information highway is not more information but new ways of looking at it.

12.What , according to the author, should we bear in mind when begin to downshift onto

the information highway?


According to the author, we should bear in mind that what we need as we begin to

downshift onto the information highway is not more information but new ways of

looking at it

Uint 3

1)according to the author, what is the goal most Americans are taught to achieve in life?


答案:most Americans are taught to manage to achieve money and power when they grow up according to the author.

2)Is teaching the easiest way for the author to earn a living? How does he feel about teaching?


答案:No. he feels that teaching is the most difficult of the various ways he has attempted to earn his living. for him, teaching is a red-eye, sweaty-palm, and sinking-stomach profession. 3)does the author think he is very knowledgeable? How does he feel he sees his students take notes on what he says in class?


答案:No .he does not think that he is very knowledgeable. He is amazed to see that his students take notes on what he says in class.

4)what does the author think of the pace of the school calendar? What does he do in the

summer vacation?


答案:he likes the pace of the academic calendar. He thinks that the summer vacation offers an opportunity for reflection, research, and writing.

5)what does the author mean when h e says ‘teaching is a profession built on change ’?


答案:he means that when the teaching material is the same he can change his teaching methods, and what’s more, he can teach different students each year.

6)what does the aut hor mean when he says “as a teacher, I am my own boss ”?


答案:he means he has the freedom to make his own mistakes, to learn his own lesson.

Especially, he wants his freedom to choose the method. No one is to say he can’t.

7)can you say something about Jacqui in your own words?


答案:Yes . Jacqui is a woman who works as a cleaner in school, but she has the ability to make more correct judgement by intuition than most of us can do by analysis. Maybe she is influenced by the author, so she has decided to finish high school and go to college.

8)was the corporation the author and his students set up a success? How do you know?


答案:yes. The corporation was great success. We know from the fact that at the end of the semester they sold the house, paid off their debts and distributed the profits among the class members.

9)what are the most important reasons the author gives for choosing teaching as his profession?


答案:the most important reasons for the author to teach are that some of his favorite students, a teacher is being present at the creation, when the clay begins to breathe.

10)what does the author mean by saying that as a teacher he has money and power?


答案:the author means he gets paid to do what he enjoys: reading, talking with people and asking questions, and he has the power to nudge, to fan sparks, to suggest books and to point out a pathway.

Unit 4

1.In what ways was Sarah’s e-mail similar to other letters the author received? In what ways

was it differernt?


Similar to other letters, the e-mail Sarah Morris sent took the author to task for his

comments on the Los Angles Dodgers and argued that the author had got everything wrong.

However it was different from the others in at least two ways. It contained more details than the usual “You’re an idiot”, such as vital statistics on the team’s performance

2.What was Sarah’s dream?


Sarah’s dream is to become a baseball editorialist

3.What in Sarah’s second e-mail caught the author’s attention? Why did he say it was worth

one more response?


The misspelling in the last line of her second e-mail. When spelling the word “dream”, she missed the letter “r”. The author thought Sarah might be truly searching for something, and he needed Sarah to explain.

4.What did the author think of Sarah’s website?


The author found that Sarah’s website was not a fancy one although she covered the Dogers as extensively as any reporter in the country. He wondered whether there was any reader. 5.DidSarah think her disability would prevent her from finding a job? How do you know?


Yes , she knew her situation, and the purpose of starting her own website is to find a job

6.What led the author to think Sarah was deliberately deceiving him?


When the author asked Sarah to give him a call, Sarah refused to do so and the reason she provided was that she had a speech disability.

7.How did Sarah become a Dodger fan?


While growing up in Pasadena, Sarah had become a Dodger fan. In her sophomore year at Blair High, she undertook a post as the statistician of a junior varsity baseball team.

8.Why did author drive a long way to visit Sarah? What did he find when he arrived at her



The author felt curious about what Sarah had said, and he also wanted to find out the truth.

When he arrived at her house ,he found that Sarah’s living condition was poor, the condition for her own website was not her supposed condition, and Sarah really got serious physical handicap. But all those couldn’t stop her pursuing her dream of becoming a baseball


9.Why did the author call Sarah Morris the great Sarah Morris?


Sarah did not lose her hope because of her physical handicap, believing in dedication to

work.Without the best equipment and help, she still started her own website and covered a baseball team as extensively as any reporter in the country.

10.How did Sarah Morris change the author?


Sarah Morris made the author believe people were sincere and honest, not motivated by selfishness

Uint 5

1)what did the author plan to do when he came home from school one winter day?


答案:he planned to read a new issue of his favorite sports magazine.

2)who did he see in the living room? What was she doing?


答案:his mother. She was crying.

3)why was his mother in tears?


答案:because she was afraid of losing her new job, for she couldn’t type fast enough.he told her that she would catch on.

解析:in tears 是哭的意思

4)how did he try to relieve her from anxiety?


答案:he was repeating a line she had spoken to him a hundred times when he was having trouble learning or doing something important to him.

4)what did the author think of his mother’s ability when he was sixteen years old?


答案:he still assumed that his mother could do anything.

6)why was his mother trying every possible means to save money?


答案:to send the author and his sister to college.

7)why did his mother but herself a used typewriter?


答案:because she wanted to learn typing which would enable her to get a new job with better pay

8)how did the author feel when his mother got the job at the radio station ?


答案:he was not the least bit surprised or impressed.

9)did his mother enjoy her first day at the radio station?


答案:No ,she didn’t.

10)how do you know?

答案:the text said,“…after her first day at work, I could see that the excitement was gone.

Mother looked tired and dr awn.”

Unit 6

1.What time of day was it at the beginning of the story?


It was in the morning ,because when the boy came into the room, the father was still in bed 2.What illness did the boy catch? What were its symptoms?



3.What did the doctor say and what did he do about the boy’s illness?


He said there were nothing to worry about if the fever did not go above one hundred and four degrees. This was a light epidemic of flu,and there was no danger if pneumonia was avoided .The doctor left three different medicine in different colored capsules

4.What was the boy’s temperature? How did he understand it?


One hundred and two. The boy thought it was one hundred and two centigrade

5.How did the boy respond when his father was reading to him?


He didn’t follow what was read

6.Why did he prefer to stay awake? How do you think he felt when his father left the room?


He was thinking he was going to die, so he preferred to stay awake. He might be thinking that his father didn’t care about his death.

7.Did the father realize what the boy was thinking about?Howdo you know?


NO,he didn’t. He thought that the boy might be a little light-headed

8.What conclusions can you draw from the hunting scene about the father’s character and his

influence upon his son?


The father enjoyed hunting , which needed patience and courage. This patience and courage had influenced his son

9.Why did the boy refuse to let anyone come into the room?


Because he thought he was going to die, he didn’t want the other to get what he was

suffering from

10 . What condition was he in when his father came back from hunting?


He was in exactly the position his father had left him

11 .What was it that led the boy to think that he was going to die? How did the father make the

whole matter clear to him?


He confused centigrade with Fahrenheit. His father told him it was like miles and

kilometers .On the centigrade thermometer, thirty-seven is normal, and on Fahrenheit

thermometer, it is ninety-eight

11.How did the boy react when he realized that he was not going to die? Does his behavior the

next morning seem natural to you?


His gaze at the foot of the bed relaxed slowly, and he hold over himself relaxed too. Yes, It does

Uint 7*

1)what is going on at Dr.Stockon’s one summer evening?


答案:a birthday celebration is going on at Dr.Stockon’s one summer evening.

2)why does the party break uo in confusion?


答案:the party breaks up in confusion because, in the midst of it, over the radio, the president of the United States declares a state of emergency for suspected enemy missiles approaching.

3)why do the neighbors come back to the Stocktons house soon after they leave in a hurry?


答案:they come back because they want to surive -----want to share with the Stocktons the bomb shelter which is the only one on their street.

4)what is Stockton’s reason for refusing his neighbors shelter? Do you feel that he is jus tified in refusing them ?


答案:he said that he didn’t have any room or supplies, and the shelter is designed only for three people, though he is a little selfish, his reason seems understandable and convincing. 5) what does Henderson attempt to do in the face of the crisis?


答案:he attempts to go down into Stockton’s basement and break down the door.

6)why does Harlowe try to dissuade him from his attempt?


答案:harlowe tries to dissuade him from his attempt because not all of them could fit in since the shelter, they would just be killing eneryone.

7)what leads to the fight between Henderson and weiss?


答案:the fight between them is caused by the quarrels about whose family should be

chosen to share the shelter with the Stocktons and deserves to live more than the next one.

8)what do the neighbors intend to do when they gather before the Stochton house with a giant



答案:they intend to break down the shelter door with a giant log.

9)how do the Stochtons put up a resistance against their neighbors’ intrusion?


答案:they put up a resistance against their neighbors’ intrusion by means of furniture, the generator, books and movable object they can get their hands on.

10)what announcement does the Conelrad station make soon after the shelter door is forced



答案:soon after the shelter door is forced open, the Conelred station makes an announcement that the previously unidentified objects have been definitely identified as being satellites, there are no enemy missiles approaching, and the state of emergeney has officially been called off.

11)what do the neighbors think of their own behavior once the crisis is over?


答案:they think that they went crazy because they were extremely scared and confused.

They think that Stockton can understand, but they do not realize what they were really like in the commotion.

12)why are they so eager to resume life just as it was? Do you think it will be possible for them to accomplish this?


答案:they are so eager resume life just as it was because they are anxious for peace. They want to get rid of the crisis, their fear and their awkward position as soon as possible, and they try to look as normal as before. No, I don’t think so because they seem to be morally destroyed in this crisis and the shadow of this experience will not easily be removed from minds.

13)what conclusions does Stockton draw from the events of the evening?


答案:he draws the conclusions that they are all naked animal who attach such great importance to staying alive that they claw their neighbors to death just for the privilege and they may be destroyed even without a bomb.

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