Test 1 ···························································································1Test 2 ·························································································15Test 3 ·························································································29Test 4 ·························································································44Test 5 ·························································································59Test 6 ·························································································74真题解析·····················································································89Answer Keys ··········································································
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READING PASSAGE 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1-13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
In boxes1-7 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information in this passage
1J ack Horner knew exactly that the bone picked up in his father’s ranch belonged to a certain dinosaur when he was at the age of 8.
2J ack Horner achieved a distinctive degree in university when he graduated.
3J ack Horner believes that the number of prey should be more than that of predators.
4T-rex’s number is equivalent to the number of vulture in the Serengeti.
5T he hypothesis that T-rex is the top predator conflicts with the fact of preda-tor-prey ratio which Jack found.
6J ack Horner refused to accept any other viewpoints about T-rex’s theory.
7J ack Horner is the first man that discovered T-rex’s bones in the world.
Complete the sentences below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 8-13 on your answer sheet.
Jack Horner found that T-rex’s 8 __________ is shorter than the thigh bone, which demonstrates that it was actually a 9 __________, unlike other swift animals such as ostrich or 10 ____________ that was built to 11 ____________. Another explanation supports his idea is that T-rex’s teeth were rather
12 ____________, which only allowed T-rex to 13 ____________ hard bones instead of tearing flesh like Velociraptor.
Use the information in the passage to match the options (listed A-C) with the activities or features of ants below.
Write the appropriate letters, A-C, in boxes 14-19 on your answer sheet.
NB You may use any letter more than once.
A Leaf-cutting ants
B Lower attine ants
C Both leaf-cutting ants and lower attine ants
14can use toxic leaves to feed fungus
15build small nests and live with different foreign fungus
16use dead vegetation to feed fungus
17raise a single fungus which do not live with other variety of foreigners
18normally keep a highly dangerous parasite under control
19use special strategies to fight against Escovopsis
Reading Passage 2 has eight paragraphs, A-H.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A-H, in boxes 20-24 on your answer sheet.
20Dangerous outcome of Escovopsis
21Risk of growing single fungus
22Comparison of the features of two different nests for feeding gardens
23Discovery of significant achievements made by ants earlier than human
24Advantages of growing a new breed of fungus in the ant farm
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 25-26 on your answer sheet.
25W hat does the author think of Currie’s opinion on the saying “ants keep their gardens free of parasites”?
A His viewpoint was verified later.
B His earlier study has sufficient evidence immediately.
C There is no detail mentioned in the article.
D His opinion was proved to be wrong later on.
26What did scientists find on the skin of ants under microscope?
A some white cloud mold embed in their skin
B that wax is all over their skin
C a substance which is useful to humans
D a substance which suppresses growth of all fungus
Do the following statements agree with the claims of the writer in Reading Passage 3?
In boxes 27-30 on your answer sheet, write
YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer
NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
27I n the United States, farmers use honeybees in a large scale over the past few years.
28C lean farming practices would be harmful to farmers’ health.
29T he blue orchard bee is the most efficient pollinator for every crop.
30I t is beneficial to other local creatures to protect native bees.
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write your answers in boxes 31-35 on your answer sheet.
31 T he example of the ‘Fruitless Fall’ underlines the writer’s point about
A needs for using pesticides.
B impacts of losing insect pollinators.
C vulnerabilities of native bees.
D benefits in building more pollination industries.
32 W hy can honeybees adapt to the modern agricultural system?
A The honeybees can pollinated more crops efficiently.
B The bees are semi-domesticated since ancient times.
C Honeybee hives can be protected from pesticides.
D The ability of wild pollinators using to serve crops declines.
33 T he writer mentions factories and assembly lines to illustrate
A one drawback of the industrialised agricultural system.
B a low cost in modern agriculture.
C the role of honeybees in pollination.
D what a high yield of industrial agriculture.
34 I n the 6th paragraph, Winfree’s experiment proves that
A honeybees can pollinate various crops.
B there are many types of wild bees as the pollinators.
C wild bees can increase the yield to a higher percentage.
D w ild bees work more efficiently as a pollinator than honeybees in certain
35 W hat does the writer want to suggest in the last paragraph?
A the importance of honeybees in pollination
B the adoption of different bees in various sizes of agricultural system
C the comparison between the intensive and the rarefied agricultural system
D the reason why farmers can rely on native pollinators
Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A-F, below.
Write the correct letter, A-F, in boxes 36-40 on your answer sheet.
36Headlines of colony collapse disorder state that
37Viewpoints of Freitas manifest that
38Examples of blue orchard bees have shown that
39Centris tarsata is mentioned to exemplify that
40One finding of the research in Delaware Valley is that
A native pollinators can survive when a specific plant is supplied.
B it would cause severe consequences to both commerce and agriculture.
C honeybees can not be bred.
D some agricultural landscapes are favourable in supporting wild bees.
E a large scale of honeybees are needed to pollinate.
F an agricultural system is fragile when relying on a single pollinator.
Reading Passage 1. T-rex: Hunter or Scavenger?
imprint n . 印记；痕迹；特征；版本说明（作动词时，意为“加特征；刻上记号”；作名词时，近义词有：mark ，print ，characteristic ，trace 。在文章中，“imprint of life ”表示“生命印记”。）
consultant n. 顾问，咨询者；会诊医生（常用短语：management consultant 管理顾问；marketing consultant 营销顾问；consultant firm 咨询公司；consultant management 顾问工程管理。作“顾问”讲时，近义词有：brain truster ，counsellor ；作“参事”讲时，等同于counsellor 。）
quarry n . 采石场；猎物；来源 v . 费力地找，挖出，努力挖掘（文中是名词“采石场”的意思。以“quarry ”为词根衍生出来的单词有：quarrier 凿石匠，采石工人；quarrying 采石；quarryman 凿石匠，采石工。）
ranch n . 大农场；大牧场 v . 经营牧场；在牧场工作（相关词组有：ranch house 低矮的平房；dude ranch 度假牧场，观光牧场。）
excavate v . 发掘；挖掘（雅思听力考试中经常出现，近义词：dig 。）
skeleton n . 骨架，骨骼；纲要 adj. 骨骼的；骨瘦如柴的；概略的（文中出现时作名词，意为“骨骼，骨架”。）
literally adv . 照字面地；不夸张地；正确地；简直（常见短语有：literally true 表述真实；literally walk 随便走走。）
thesis n . 论文；论点（常见短语有：graduation thesis 毕业论文，毕业设计；thesis writing 论文写作；scientific thesis 科学论点；thesis defense 论文答辩。）
sort n . 分类，类别 v .挑选，把……分类（文章中“all sorts of ”表示“各种各样的”。）definitely adv . 清楚地；明确地，肯定地（常见短语：say definitely 明确地说。）
conifer n . 针叶树；松柏科植物。
moor v. 系住；使停泊 n . 沼泽；荒野（作“系住”讲时，近义表达有bend on ；作名词“沼
168泽；荒野”时，近义词有wild ，cienaga 。文章中取其名词意思。）tremendous adj. 极大的，巨大的；惊人的（相关短语有：tremendous effort 九牛二虎之力；tremendous changes 巨大转变；tremendous popularity 巨大的人气，好评如潮。）predator n. 捕食者（近义词：carnivore 。）clumsy adj. 笨拙的reevaluate v . 再评估；重新估计coffin n . 棺材（相关短语有：coffin chamber 墓室。“When one ’s coffin is covered, all dis-cussion about him can be settled ”即“盖棺定论”。）propel v . 推动，驱使（近义词：drive 。）sluggish adj. 萧条的；迟钝的；行动迟缓的；懒惰的 （文章中取其“行动迟缓的”意思。相关短语有：sluggish world economy 衰退的世界经济；accelerate the sluggish economy 加速经济萧条。）scavenger n . 食腐动物；清道夫；清除剂；拾荒者（文章中意为“食腐动物”。作“清除剂；清道夫”讲时，近义词有：sweeper 。）题目详解Questions 1-7解答1. 利用题目细节信息“the age of 8”定位于原文第2段中间部分“I am pretty sure it was the upper arm bone of a duckbilled dinosaur ”。他非常确定这个骨头是鸭嘴龙的上臂骨。原文内容与题目相符合，因此，正确答案为TRUE 。2. 利用题目细节信息“graduated ”定位于第3段第1句话“Horner spent seven years at university, but never graduated ”。很明显，这里提及“never graduated （从未毕业）”，那就是没有取得任何学位。题目信息与原文信息相矛盾，所以正确答案为FALSE 。3. 利用题目细节信息“prey ”和“predator ”定位到第4段倒数第2句“What we would consider the predator-prey ratio seems really off the scale ”。此句话是说“捕食者与被捕者的比例似乎真的超出了标准”，也就是说Jack 认为如果霸王龙是捕食者，那它的数量就太多了，比例失衡。这就不符合Jack 所坚持的捕食者数量小于被捕者数量的比例标准。这与题目所说的“prey （被捕者）的数量应多于predators （捕食者）的数量”意思一致。因此，正确答案为TRUE 。4. 利用题目细节信息“Serengeti ”定位于原文第5段第2句及中间部分“Look at the wildebeest that migrate in the Serengeti of Africa, a million individuals lose about 200,000 individuals in that annual migration ”，“If T-rex was a top predator …and yet they are everywhere, they are a dime a dozen ”。这里讲到牛羚的迁徙，以及秃鹰和霸王龙各自
5. 利用题目细节信息“T-rex is top predator”定位于第5段中间部分“If T-rex was a top
predator, especially considering how big it is, you’d expect it to be extremely rare, much
rarer than the little dromaeosaurs, and yet they are everywhere, they are a dime a dozen”。
6. 利用题目细节信息“theory”定位于第5段末句“He insisted his theory and finding,
dedicated to further research upon it, of course, he would like to reevaluate if there is any
case that additional evidence found or explanation raised by others in the future”。这里讲
重新评估自己的理论。而题目中“refused to accept”与原文信息相矛盾，所以正确答
7. 利用题目细节信息“T-rex’s bones”定位于第6段第1句话“He examined the leg
bones of the T-rex”，但是这里只讲到研究了“T-rex’s bones”，并未提及题目中的“是
8. 利用细节信息“thigh bone”定位于原文第6段第2句话“He found that the thigh bone
was equal in length or slightly longer than the shin bone”。原文中的“thigh bone…longer
than the shin bone”对应题目中的“...is shorter than the thigh bone”，因此正确答案为
9. 利用顺序原则定位于第6段第2句话末尾“which proves that the animal was built to be
a slow walker rather than fast running”。题目中的“demonstrates”与原文中的“proves”
10. 利用细节信息“ostrich”定位于第6段末句“the ostrich, cheetah, etc.”显而易见，正
11. 利用细节信息“built”定位于第6段末句“This same truth can be observed in many
animals of today which are designed to run fast”。题目中的“built”有“身材较好，天