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II. Basic Listening Practice

1. Script

M: I’m beside myself with joy. I’m so lucky. Guess what? I’ve won a lit of money in the lottery.

W: Yeah? Well, you do know that money is the root of all evil, right? Q: What does the woman mean?

2. Script

W: Mary was furious. Her son wrecked up her car.

M: He shouldn’t have driven a car without a driver’s license. He‘s still taking driving lesson.

Q: What do we know about Mary’s son?

3. Script

M: Susan, I hear you’re going to marry that guy. Some people think you’ll regret it.

W: Is that so? Only time tell.

Q: What does the woman imply?

4. Script

M: Mary, I just want to say how sorry I was to learn of your mother’s passing.

I know how close you two were?

W: Thank you. It was so sudden. I’M still in a state of shock I don’t know what to do.

Q: Which of following is true?

5. Script

W: I get furious at work when my opinions aren’t considered just because I’m a woman.

M: You should air your view more emphatically and demand that your vice be heard.

Q: What is the woman complaining about?

K eys: 1.C 2.B 3. D 4.A 5.D

III. Listening In

Task 1: Soft answers turn away wrath.

Mary: Dam! You’re spilled red wine on me. My new dress is ruined. John: I’ m terrible sorry! What can I do to help? Here’s some water to wash it off.

Mary:Stop splashing water on me! Oh, this is so embarrassing! I’m a mess. John:Well, you do look a little upset. Please don’t blow up. Don’t lose your cool.

Mary: Hmm, you’ve got the nerve talking like that! Who should n’t fly off the handle? This dress cost a fortune.

John: You look really cute when you’re mad. I kid you not. Some people do look attractive when they are in a rage.

Mary: This is very expensive dress. I saved for months to buy it, and now it’s ruined. Look at this stain!

John: Accidents do happen. Give me your dress, and I’ll take it to the cleaners.

Mary: Sure! You want me to take it off right here in public and give it to you? I don’t even know you!

John: This might be a really goof time to get acquainted. I’m John Owen. Mary: Mmm, at least you’re polite. I guess I really shouldn’t have flared up. After all, it was an accident. I’m Mary Harvey.

John: Come on. I’ll take you home. You can change your clothes, and I’ll get the dress cleaned for you.

Mary: Now you’re talking. Thanks. You’re a real gentleman.

John: You’d better believe it. I’m glad to see that you’ve cooled down.

Feel look a bite to eat afterward? I’m starving.

Mary: Ok. You’re pretty good. I’m not nearly as mad. If you can get this stain out, I’ll be very happy.

John: I’ll try my best. But if I can’t get the stain out, please don’t let your happiness turn to wrath.

1. Which of the following would be the best title for the dialog?

2. Why does the woman get angry?

3. What does the man say to please the woman when she looks angry?

4. Why does the woman say the man is a real gentleman?

5. What is the man’s final proposal?

Keys: 1D 2.A 3.C 4.B 5.C

Task 2: Big John is coming!


A bar owner in the Old West has just hired a timid bartender. This (S1) owner of the establishment is giving his new hire some instructions on (S2) running the place. He tells the timid man,“If you ever hear that Big John is coming to town, (S3) drop everything and run for the hills! He’s the biggest, nastiest (S4) outlaw who’s ever lived!”

A few weeks pass (S5)uneventfully. But one afternoon, a local cowhand comes running through town (S6) yelling,“Big John is coming! Run for your (S7) lives!”

When the bartender leaves the bar to start running, he is knocked to the ground by several townspeople rushing out of town. (S8) As he’s picking himself up, he sees a large man, almost seven feet tall. He’s muscular, and is growing as he approaches the bar.

He steps up to the door, orders the poor barkeep inside, and demands, “I want a beer NOW!”

He strikes his heavy fist on the bar, splitting it in half. (S9) The bartender nervously hands the big man a beer, hands shaking. He takes the beer, bites the top of the bottle off, and downs the beer in one gulp.

As the terrified bartender hides behind the bar, the big man gets up to leave,“Do you want another beer?” the bartender asks in a trembling voice. “Dang it, I don’t have time!” the big man yells,(S10) “I got to get out of town! D on’t you hear Big John is coming?”

Task3: A View of Happiness


Dr. Smith has proposed a reasonable, if perhaps somewhat oversimplifies, view of happiness. According to his theory, happiness might be described as a state if balance. And when human or certain animals achieve that balance, they rend to remain in that condition in order to repeat the happy feeling. To illustrate this, we may study two magnets. When their positive and negative poles meet, they are comfortably joined, and they remain there. In other words, they have attained a balance or state of happiness. If on the other hand, one of the poles is reversed, and positive pole is presses against positive pole, there is resistance, instability, imbalance a state of unhappiness.

A nimals with some degree of intelligence seem to find happiness in reinforcement. Once they have gained one or more of their goals such as food, and water, they learn to repeat the actions that led to satisfaction of those goals. This repetition or reinforcement produces a state of balance or sense of happiness.

According to this theory, only animals with a significant capacity to learn should be able to experience happiness. But in truth learning can take place through surprisingly simple short-term action such as scratching an itch, followed by pleasure, followed by more scratching, and so on. Thus lea r ning can occur with almost no conscious thought.

For human beings, blessed with the ability to reason, goals are not limit ed to the short-term satisfaction of needs. Indeed, there is a strong link between happiness and the fulfillment of long-term goals. Even if human strive for goals that are more complex and longer-term than the animals’goals, once those goals are gained, happiness is reinforced.

1. Why does the speaker mention “magnets”?

2. According to the passage, what may animals do after they have got food?

3. Which of the following is true according to the speaker?

4. What does the speaker say is special about the goals of human beings?

5. Which of the following best captures the main idea of the passage?

Keys: 1D 2.C3. B 4.D 5.A

IV. Speaking Out

MODEL 1 Don’t let it get to you!

Susan: You look so angry. What happened?

Chris: Nothing I’d rather not talk about it. Just don’t ask.

Susan: Come on. Relax. Talk to me.

Chris: All right. This morning I took my car to the garage to check the air conditioner. They only gave it a quick look, refilled it with some Freon, and charged me 300bucks!

Susan: No wonder you’re livid. I’d be mad too if someone ripped me off like that.

Chris: Yeah. And they were rude. They said I didn’t know anything about cars, which I don’t, but they didn’t have to be blunt!

Susan: Sounds like you got a raw deal!

Chris: What’s worse, as I was leaving, I herd then saying, “Don’t trust that guy. He looks broke.”When I heard that, I almost hit the roof. Susan: Don’t let it get to you. Better ignore them.

Chris: I agree. I did manage to keep my cool.

Susan: Well, the best thing you can do is to file a complaint with the Consumer Protection Agency.

Chris: sounds like a good idea.

MODEL2 I’m too depressed.


Susan:Chris, I hear you’ve been down in the dumps, so I’ve come to cheer you up.

Chris: It’s not gong o work. I’m too depressed

Susan: Come, on. Tell me what’s on your mind.

Chris: Everything. My girlfriend left me; my dog ran away; my wallet was stolen.

Susan: Don’t worry. I’ll help you solve the biggest problem: finding you

a new girlfriend.

Chris: Forget it. Anyway, I’m getting bad grades, and I was told that I’d have to repeat a lot of courses next year. When I heard that, I almost lost it.

Susan: Look, relax. I’ll help you with those courses.

Chris: Yeah, but I also have three week’s laundry to do., and my room is

a pigsty.

Susan: Forget it. You’re on your own.

Chris: Come, on. What are friends for?

Susan:To keep you in high spirits; not to do your laundry. MODEL3 You seem to be on top of the world.


Nora: Oh, hey, John!

John: Hey!

Nora:You seem to be on top of the world tonight. What’s up?

John:I’m so happy I’m about to burst. Guess what?

Nora:You’ve got me.

John: It might be true that misfortunes never come singly, but you can also have a “double blessing”. And that’s what I had.

Nora: You mean you’ve had two happy events in your life?

John:Exactly. You know, I was strong in all subjects except physics. Now I’ve finally passed the test--the one I needed to qualify for a Bachelor’s degree.

Nora:Congratulations! You’d failed it three times. Now wonder you’re beaming. What’s the other good news?

John:The multinational I was dong my field project at offered me a job at a good staring salary.

Nora: Wow, wonderful, simple wonderful.

John:I feel like celebrating. Shall we go to a bar?

Nora: Why not?

Now Your Turn

Task 1


A: You look furious. What happened?

B:Nothing. I’d rather not talk about it. Just don’t ask.

A:Come on. You shouldn’t keep your feeling to yourself. You need to let off some stream. So, talk tome.

B: All right. This morning I went to a shop to buy a digital camera, I only need an ordinary one. It is enough for my tours in the summer vacation. Buy they persuaded me to buy a professional camera, which cost three times as much.

A: But you were willing to buy for it. Anyway, it must work better.

B:You see, I know next to nothing about photography. So they simply tricked me into buying an expensive one.

A: No wonder you’re livid with rage. I’d be mad too if I were robbed like that. What are you going to do?

B:I already went back to them and asked to exchange it for a cheaper one. A: What did they say?

B:Oh, they were rude. They insisted that they hadn’t encouraged me to buy a professional camera, and that I bought i t myself.

A: Sounds like you got a raw deal!

B:What’s worse, as I was leaving, I heard they say, “That guy looks broke. He shouldn’t have bought any camera.”

A: Don’t let it get to you. Better ignore their rude remarks.

B: I agree. I did manage to keep my cool.

A: Well, the best thing you can do is to file a complaint with the Consumer Protection Agency. If they talk to the shop, maybe they will give you

a refund.

B: Sounds too good to be true.

V. Let’s Talk


Hello, everyone. Today I invite you to join me in an exploration off the causes of depression. There ate many factors involved, but I believe some deserve special attention.

Heredity certainly plays a role. .The tendency to develop depression may be inherited; there is evidence that this disorder may run in families.

Physiology is another factor related to depression. There may be changes or imbalances in chemicals which transmit information in the brain called neurotransmitters. Many mode rn antidepressant drugs attempt to increase levels of certain neurotransmitters so as to increase brain communication. While the causal relationship is unclear; it is known that antidepressant medications do reliever certain symptoms of depression.

Researchers also study psychological factors. They include the complex development of one’s personality and how one has learned to cope with external environmental factors, such as stress. It is freeqently observed that low self-esteem and self-defeating thinking are connected with depression. While it is not clear which is the cause and which is the effect, it is known that sufferers who are able to make corrections to their thinking patterns can show improved mood and self-esteem.

Another factor causing depression is one’s early experiences. Events such as the death of a parent, the divorce of the parents, neglect, chronic illness, and sever e physical abuse can also increase the likelihood of depression later in life.

Some present experiences may also lead to depression. Job loss, financial difficulties, long periods of unemployment, the loss of a spouse or other family member, or other painful events may trigger depression. Long-term stress at home, work, or school can also be involved.

It is worth nothing that those living with someone suffering from \depression experience increased anxiety which adds to the possibility of their also becoming depressed.



VI. Further Listening and Speaking

Task1: Reason and Emotion


Emotion is sometimes regarded as the opposite of reason; s is suggested by phrase such as” appeal to emotions rather than reason” and “don’t let your emotions take over”. Emotional reactions sometimes produce consequences or thoughts which people may later regret or disagree with; but during an emotional state, they could not control their actions. Thus, it is generally believed that one of the most distinctive facts about human beings is a contradiction between emotion and reason.

However, recent empirical studies do not suggest there is a clear distinction between reason and emotion. Indeed, anger or fear can often be thought of as an instinctive response to observed fact. The human mind possesses many possible reactions to the external world. Those reactions can lie on a continuum, with some of them involving the extreme of pure intellectual logic, which is often called “cold”, and others involving the extremes of pure emotion not related to logical agreement, which is

called“the heat of passion”. The relation logic and emotion merits careful study. Passion, emotion, or feeling can

reinforce an argument, event one based primarily on reason. This is especially true in religion or ideology, which frequently demands an all-or-nothing rejection or acceptance. In such areas of thought, human beings have to adopt a comprehensive view partly backed by empirical argument and partly by feeling and passion. Moreover, several researchers have suggested that typically there is no “pure” decision or thought; that is, no thought is based “purely”” on intellectual logic or “purely” on emotion—most decisions are founded on a mixture of both.

1. What results does the speaker may some from emotional reactions?

2. What is the popular belief about reason and emotion?

3. What does the speaker mean by “cold“?

4. According to the passage, what should people do in religious matters?

5. What is the speaker’s conclusion?

K eys: 1.A 2.B 3.C 4.C 5.D

Task 2: Depression


Pat: You look depressed. Are you feeling blue? I’ve come to cheer you up. Ted: But there’s nothing that can cheer me up. I’m down in the dumps. Life’s miserable

Pat: You have to try to get your mind off things.

Ted: But I can’t. I just feel there’s too much pressure on me sometimes! Pat: You can’t let things get you down. Learn to relax and stop worrying all the time. What’s your problem?

Ted: I failed my last exam, and another exam is coming, I get bored. Pat: If I were you, I’d start working hard. If you work hard for a long time, you’re bound to get better grades. You see, “no pain, no gain”. Ted: It’s easier said than done! If I read for fifteen minutes, I get bored. Pat: You have to learn some self-discipline.

B u t how can I stay cheerful all the time?

Ted: Worse than that! If I read for half an hour, I get a headache. Then

I start to worry about passing the next exam.

Pat: It’s all in your mind. If you stay cheerful like me, everything will soon be OK.

Ted: B u t how can I stay cheerful all the time?

Pat: Try to look on the bright side of things.

Ted: But what if there isn’t a bright side?

Pat: You know the saying: Every cloud has a silver lining. It means there’re always tow sides to everything—both the dark and the bright sides.

So, try to identify your strengths and bring then into full play. Ted: Oh, no! Your corny old sayings are making me even more depressed.

K eys: TFFTF

Task3: Anger


Anger is an emotion that can be hard to control. Despite this, we should learn how to manage anger in a constructive manner. In the most intense moments of anger, we usually have two choices: to fight or to run. Some choose the option of violence, which is a negative reaction to anger; and others choose to run. Some may think running means you are a coward. But the option of walking away and claiming down is the more productive method of handling anger. It is difficult to walk away, especially when your heart is racing, and your anger is boiling over.

There are constructive ways of handling anger in any situation. First, you have to stop for a brief moment and think before you act. Take that moment and calm down id you feel yourself being pushed.

At that moment you should admit you are angry. If you refuse to admit you’re angry or hurt, or if you make it appear that everything is peaches and cream, you are not managing angry in a productive way. You should first admit you are angry and let your feelings out before you blow up. Foe example, you can stay in a quiet place by yourself and shout; or you can talk to

a close friend to vent your rage. If you do not acknowledge your anger, it only builds up inside you and will eventually explode like a


Then, in order to manage your angry, you can ask yourself an important question that we all must ask ourselves,“What made me angry?”When you get the answer, and then ask yourself, “Why did that made me angry?” Through such logical reasoning, one tends to calm down and move toward a sensible solution.

News Report

U.S. Roller Coaster


The world’s first4D roller coaster, “X”, took on its first passengers last week at the Six Flags Magic Mountain theme park, just outside Los Angeles. After climbing on board and properly securing their safety harnesses, “X”riders are first to a height of over 66meters. At the top, the passenger train is released and builds up enough speed to race and plummet around the track at speeds of over 130km an hour.

The rider takes the daring passengers down an incredible 66m dive and over the top of a 62m loop, in cars that spin independently of the roller coaster train. This unique design allows riders to spin360degree, both forwards and backwards, through the entire ride.

Passengers hurtle through this ride often moving in many different directions at the same time ad the cars somersault back and forth and the roller coaster twists, loop s, and dives.

The complicated series of maneuvers includes two raven turn, one front flip, one twisting front flip, and two back flips.

Since passengers aren’t always facing the right direction to see what’s coming up next, the element of surprise is high. For “X”riders, this adds to the thrill of the ride.

The track of this newest roller coaster runs a total length of a little over1, 100meters. The passenger trains measure 6meters wide and 21meters long, large enough to carry 28 passengers at a time. At full capacity,the trains can take 1,600passengers for the ride of their lives each hour. The entire ride lasts for only a total about 2minutes, but you can tell from the exhilarated faces of passengers returning to the boarding dock that they were two of the most thrilling minutes of heir lives.


II. Basic Listening Practice

3. Script

W: Did you hear? Helen got modeling jib! She’s going to be sashaying down the catwalk.

M: Wow, that’s great! All that walking practice really paid off. And foe once she won’t be complaining about being so tall.

Q: Why did Helen get modeling job?

4. Script

M:Julia, come and see the Miss America contest on TV. All those beautiful girls are walking around in bathing suits, so the judges can decide who has the best figure.

W: Bah! That’s the worst kind of exploitation. They are treating women like toys for people to enjoy. I would never take part in this kind of contest.

Q: What do the man and the woman think about the beautify contest?

3. Script

W: What shall I do? I’m fat. I want to be slim and beauty, but I’m fat.

I’ve tried all the new ideas, high carb and low carb, but nothing works.

M:Those diets are just fads, popular for a while and then forgotten. Just follow the usual diet with fruits, vegetables, fish, water, and get plenty of exercise. Before long you’ll see results.

Q: What has the woman tried?

4. Script

W1: I think Lily is really attractive. She’s half Spanish and has this really sultry look about her.

W2:That explains why she tans so well. I’ve always been jealous of her skin color in the sum mer.

Q: Which of following is true of Lily?

5. Script

M: Trust me, it was tight there on the Internet: “Plastic Surgery Increasing at a Faster Rate Among Men”. Apparently more and more men are trying to improve their appearance.

W: I saw it too on the news. Face-lifts, nose jobs, and box to hide wrinkle are now very popular with men. Men say it’s for business reasons, but we know it’s vanity.

Q: What does the woman think the real reason is that men have plastic surgery?

K eys: 1.B 2.A 3. C 4D 5B

III. Listening In

Task 1: A Friendly Stylist

Stylist: Morning, sir. This chair, please. W hat can I do for you? Nick: A simple haircut: short on the back and sides.

Stylist: Very good. I can, of course, do something fashionable for only $60.

Nick: 60 dollars! That’s highway robbery—twice what I ordinarily pay. Stylist: Perhaps, sir. But your haircuts haven’t been in harmony with your character. Your hair is at war with your soul.

Nick: I’ve never heard of such a thing.

Stylist: If I may say, I’m an expert at matching hairstyle to personalities.

Believe me; you’re suffering a “disjunction”.

Nick: A disjunction? What the devil is a disjunction?

Stylist: Your hair does not match you.

Nick: This is utter nonsense. However, I’d like to hear how you’d solve this so-called problem.

Stylist: Your character is artistic, imaginative. B ut your hair is dull.

I can correct that imbalance in seconds.

Nick: Okay, let me see what can you do about the…uh…disjunction, as you call it.

Stylist: We’re going to use scissors to create peaks, which we’ll keep in place with a liberal helping of gel….This tuft in the back we’ll braid into a pigtail. Now, it’s the new you!

Nick: I love it. It’s just like me: imaginative and artistic. Now what are you doing? What’s wrong? Don’t you see harmony in my new hairstyle?

Stylist:Something’s preventing your hairstyle from being a true fashionable statement.

Nick: For heaven’s sake, tell me what’s missing.

Stylist: Streaks. By putting in a few yellow streaks in your hair, it will become a work of art. Streaking will cost you more, but…

Nick: Do it. Forget the cost. But, by the way, what is the total getting to be? How much am I paying to avoid disjunction?

Stylist: That’s…$135. Sir? Sir, are you all right? Oh, he fainted.

6. When the stylist mentions $60, what does the customer say?

7. What does the stylist think about the customer’s hairstyle?

8. What will the stylist do with the customer’s hair?

9. What will streaking do to the man’s hair according to the stylist?

10. What is the passage mainly about?

Keys: 1C.A 3.D4.B 5.A

For Reference:

1. It means there is no match between you and your hair.

2. That’s…$135. Sir? Sir, are you all right? Oh, he fainted.

Task 2: The Voice Lift


After the face-lift, the forehead tightened, and the (S1) nose job, something still might be revealing your age: your (S2) voice.

For patients who think their trembly, hoarse words don’t (S3) match their newly face and figure, there’s a procedure that claims to make them (S4) sound younger too: the voice lift.

There are two general kinds of voice lifts. In some cases, implants (S5) inserted through an incision in the (S6)neck bring the vocal cords closer together. Doctor s also use injections of (S7) fat or other substances to plump up the cords, so that the voice sounds younger.

(S8) The voice lift is becoming more widely known among an aging population, who try to make themselves sound younger.

“I speak in a great deal, or I was shouting, on a particular day, at the end of the day, I would feel exhausted,” said Robert Brown, 75, (S9) a retired construction engineer who underwent the voice lift several years ago, “I don’t know if I sound younger, but the hoarseness is gone, which is such a great improvement.”

(S10)Voice lift can also benefit people like performers, lawyers, teachers, and telephone operators who need to have a strong voice and hope to shave years off the sound of their voice.

Task3: A View of Happiness


Men are turning to plastic surgery and cosmetic procedures to brighten up their appearances at a faster rate than women, according to a survey released on Wednesday.

Men’s use of fat injections to soften deep wrinkles leaped 47 percent last year from the previous year. Women’s use of the injections fell 36 percent, according to a survey by the American Academy of Facial and Plastic Reconstructive Surgeons.

Men’s use of botox injections to eliminate frown lines rose 88 percent, while women’s botox use fell 8 percent.

And for smoothing skin, the use of laser resurfacing among men rose 13percent, the survey showed. Meanwhile, women’s use of laser resurfacing dropped 38 percent during the same time period.

The number of men getting nose jobs rose 47 percent, while the number of women doing so rose 5 percent.

Typically, men and women visiting plastic surgeons for cosmetic reasons were age 40 to 59.

The study said 44 percent of men and 57 percent of women tell their doctor that looking younger is the reason they are choosing cosmetic surgery. By about 18 percent, men are more likely than women to say they want facial cosmetic surgery for work-related reasons.

The study was conducted by written questionnaires from January 20 to March 3 among more than 2,600 members of the association, who focus on treatment of the face, head, and neck.

By comparison, in the previous year, women’s use of botox rose 60 percent while men’s fell 14 percent; women’s use of laser resurfacing rose 13 percent while men’s fell 19 percent; women’s use of fat injections fell17 percent and men’s fell 54 percent.

6. What is true of men and women’s use of fat injections?

7. While of the following is true of nose jobs?

8. How much greater is the percentage of women choosing cosmetic surgery

to look younger than the percentage of men?

9. What is true of men and women using botox in the previous year?

10. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? Keys: 1C 2.C3. B 4.B 5.D

IV. Speaking Out

MODEL 1 She’s having some cosmetic surgery.

Amy: Did you hear Nora’s off to Korea?

Bill: why is she going to Korea?

Amy:She is having some cosmetic surgery.

Bill: I’m floored! I thought she was beautiful already.

Amy: I know what you mean. She’s having her nose fixed.

Bill: Was it broken?

Amy: No, stupid, she’s having it made smaller.

Bill: If she wasn’t beautiful already,I could understand getting surgery. But she already has a nice nose.

Amy:But not a fashionable one. She’s also having her teeth straighten.She wants to have a perfect smile.

Bill: What for?

Amy:She believes a better physical appearance will improve her chance of getting a good job.

Bill: We won’t even recognize her when she gets back.

MODEL2 I think I need a face-lift.