Key to Exercises of College English Book 2
★ Text A
insert 2) on occasion 3) investigate 4) In retrospect 5) initial 6) phenomena 7) attached 8) make up for 9) is awaiting 10) not…in the least 11) promote 12) emerged 2. 1) There is a striking contrast between the
standards of living in the north of the
country and the south.
2) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
3) The city’s importance as a financial center
has evolved slowly.
4) His nationality is not relevant to whether
he is a good lawyer.
5) The poems by a little-known
sixteenth-century Italian poet have found
their way into some English magazines.
3. 1) be picked up, can’t accomplish, am
2) somewhat, performance, have neglected, they
3) assist, On the other hand, are valid, a
1. 1) continual 2) continuous 3) continual 4)
2. 1) principal 2) principal 3) principle 4) principles 5) principal
3. herself/by herself/on her own
6. yourself/ by yourself/on your own
1. 1) contrast 2) exaggerating 3) priority 4) on the other hand 5) promoting
6) pick up 7) assist 8) accomplish 9) on occasion 10) neglecting
11) worthwhile 12) superior
2. 1) end 2) perform 3) facing 4) competent 5) equipped
6) designed 7) approach 8) rest 9) definitely 10) quality
1.1) It takes an enormous amount of courage to
make a departure from the tradition.
2) Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was
bold enough to give a performance in front
of a large audience.
3) Many educators think it desirable to foster
the creative spirit in the child at an early
4) Assuming (that) this painting really is a
masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile
to buy/purchase it?
5) If the data is statistically valid, it will
throw light on the problem we are
2. To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading,
writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many
well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an
enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot
express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize
our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out
which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most
desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will
in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
★ Text B
Comprehension check: c c d a c b
1.g h e c f a b d
2.1) adopt 2) account 3) from your point of view 4) ended up 5) furthermore 6) fund 7) annual 8) keeping track of 9) pace 10) intends
11) perspective 12) devise
★ Text A
I. 1. 1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless
4) wear and tear 5) dated
6）consequences 7）seemingly 8) in
contrast to 9) Curiosity 10) genuine 11) primarily 12) sentiments
2. 1) When you are confronted with more than one
problem, try to solve the easiest one
2) Water is vital to the existence of all forms of life.
3) There is still some confusion among the
students about what to do after class to
follow up on the subject.
4) As a person of simple living habits, he
needs nothing more than a job and an
apartment to be happy.
5) It tickled him to think that she’d come to
as his advice.
3. 1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments
2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences
3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain
1.It’s a long trip and will take us five hours
2.She arrived early and took a front row seat.
3.Don’t take me for a fool.
4.It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such
5.My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to
the Arctic this summer.
6.He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
7.Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting
8.If you don’t take my advice, you will regret
2. to give
3. to return
praised 5. not having written
6. to say
7. to open
8. being helped Comprehensive Exercise
1. 1) well-off/affluent 2) dated 3) falling into 4) bracket 5) deny
6) tangible 7) pursuit 8) cherishes 9) out of place 10) abrupt
11) focus 12) donations
2. 1) consume 2) fueled 3) annual 4)
plain 5) physically 6) security
7) indicates 8) equally 9) traditional 10) follows
1.1) The company denied that its donations had
a commercial purpose.
2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to
3) Education is the most cherished tradition
in our family. That’s why my parents never
took me to dinner at expensive restaurants,
but sent me to the best private school.
4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery,
he lost his job and thus had to go through
another difficult phase of his life.
5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my
parents are rather poor, but they have always
tried hard to meet our minimal needs.
2. With more and more donations coming in,
our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we,
educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
★ Text B
Comprehension Check: b b d c d d
1.f c g e b a h d
2.1) stunned 2) hold (fast) to 3) folks 4)
generosity 5) discount 6) liable
7) ranks 8) on the run 9) make up 10)
blends in 11) by all accounts 12) comes into contact with
★ Text A
1．1) typical 2)dumb 3) junior 4) glorious
5) welfare 6)came over 7) interference
8)fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank
11)schemes 12) at any rate
2. 1) The Security council consists of five
generals and four police officers.
2) The new hotel will be in a location
overlooking the lake.
3) I was humiliated by her comments about my
family background in front of so many people.
4) Do you have any proof that it was Henry who
stole the computer?
5) the boy was exhausted after the long cycle
3. 1) hysterical; was handed down; should have
known better than
2) twisted, over and over, talented son
3) patience, not to keep him in suspense,
8. keen III.
3. be postponed
buy 5. be banned 6. be
I. 1. 1) typical 2) welfare 3) constant 4)
frank 5) talent 6) dumb
7) know better than that 8) repeatedly 9)
dread 10) interference 11) bet 12)
2. 1) despite 2) really 3) same 4)
contact 5) admitted 6) attempt
7) not 8) tend 9) different 10)
1. 1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?
2) The planning committee has narrowed down the
possible locations for the nuclear power
plant to two coastal towns.
3) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.
4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.
5) Sean felt humiliated ti hear his talent
2. George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked
listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.”In the end George traded his CD’s for computer games software from his classmates.
★ Text B
Comprehension Check: b a b c d a Language Practice
1. d e f g a b h c
2. 1) and he like 2) popularity 3) had been
kept in the dark 4) define 5) was aware of
6)relate 7) were up to 8) trend
9)opportunity 10)mobile 11)comments
★ Text A
1. 1) conversely 2). but then 3) symptom 4) spitting 5) abusing 6) tone
7) took…in 8) editing 9) have arranged 10) in sight 11) stretched 12)
2. 1) The sight of teenagers smoking cigarettes
jars on me.
2) A lot of American teenagers don’t like
street gangs, but they find themselves
getting sucked in.
3) Jeffrey’s computer crashed again this
morning. The manager has arranged for a
technician from the computer store to check
and repair it.
4) During the Vietnam War, many young
Americans fled their country to avoid
military service/fled to other countries
to avoid military service.
5) The new government is planning an
anti-corruption campaign so as to restore
people’s confidence in it.
3. 1) the virtual, on line, via 2) nightmare, routine, any appointment, arrange for 3) cue, remarks, his tune
II. 1. We came here all the way on foot.
2. Private cars are not allowed on campus.
3. They are on vocation in Florida.
4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.
5. Don’t worry, Lucy is always on time.
6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise. III. 1. hard 2. difficult 3. impossible 4. tough 5. hard 6. easy
1. 1) internet 2) click 3) virtual 4)
routines 5) arrange 6) nightmare 7) annoying 8) connection 9) crawls 10) take in 11) spit 12) data 13) sucked into 14) At times 15) flee 16) on line
2. 1) companion 2) deliver 3) access 4) enables
5) customers 6) delights 7) provides 8)
small 9) remote 10) information
1. 1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.
2) A slow Internet connecting speed is really annoying.
3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.
5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.
2. Perhaps you envy me for being able to work
from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write，submit and edit articles via email, chat
with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret. ★ Text B
Comprehension Check: c a a b d c
1．d e a c b f g h
2．1) vehicle 2) hooked on 3)intense
4)worldwide 5)overnight 6)slipped
7) on the whole 8) called forth 9)
outwards 10)Needless to say 11) to my knowledge 12) On top of that
★ Text A
1. 1) startled 2) mere 3) motion 4) sweating
5) stretched 6) vain 7) On one occasion 8) anxiety 9) emotions 10) ashamed 11) In
my mind’s eye 12) recurring
2. 1) Mrs. White’s birthday coincides with her husband’s.
2) They make big profits on the stuff they sell
by creating an artificial shortage, which
send s the prices soaring/results in the
soaring of prices.
3) It has been a week of alternate sunshine and rain.
4) Politics and philosophy have been his
lifelong passions, although he studied
economics at university.
5) Tension came over her, as she waited for her first TV interview.
3. 1) media, dedication to, grace 2) his competitors, in excitement, hug him, congratulate him on
3) emotions, numerous, intensity, passion for II.
1.Mike, a Green, made the suggestion that a large park be built near the community.
2.In a letter to his daughter, Mr. Smith expressed his wish that she (should) continue her education to acquire still another degree.
3.There is no reason to hold the belief that humans have no direct moral responsibility to safeguard the welfare of animals.
4.Children need to feel safe about the world they grow up in, and it is unwise to give them the idea that everything they come into contact with might be a threat.
5.Anxiety can result from the notion that life has not treated us fairly.
6.Nobody believed his claim that he was innocent. III.
1.I work out in the gym for one hour every morning.
2.Florence has worked as cleaner at the factory for five years.
3.The wounded man worked his way across the field on his hands and knees.
4.The safe load for a truck of this type works out
at about twenty-five tons.
5.It is difficult to understand how human minds work.
6.To my disappointment, the manager’s plan of promoting the new products doesn’t work at all.
7.The teacher has a lot of experience of working with children who don’t know how to learn.
8.The medicine was like magic, and it worked instantly after you took it.
1. 1) In my mind’s eye 2) groan 3)
competitor 4) intensity 5) anxiety 6)
7) sweat 8) tension 9) soaring 10)
recurring 11) brought me back to earth 12) fantasy 13) sweat 14) congratulate
15) numerous 16) media
2. 1) engineer 2) forget 3) convinced 4) how 5) build 6) accident
7) thought 8)only 9) sharp 10)
touched 11) instructions 12) finally
1. 1) It is the creativity and dedication of the
workers and executives that turned the
company into a profitable business.
2) The prices of food and medicine have soared in the past three months.
3) We plan to repaint the upper floors of he office building.
4) His success shows that popularity and artistic merit sometimes coincide.
5) I don’t want to see my beloved grandmother lying in a hospital bed and groaning painfully.
2. Numerous facts bear out the
argument/statement/claim that in order to recover speedily from negative emotion, you should allow yourself to cry. You needn’t/don’t have to be ashamed of crying.
Anxiety and sorrow can flow out of the body along with tears.
Consider the case of/Take Donna, Her son unfortunately died in a car accident. The