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Passage 1:

题目:Human Remain in Green Sahara

题型:判断题4 +简答题3+填空题6




Human Remain in Green Sahara


On October 13,2,000, a small team of paleontologists led by Paul Sereno of the University of Chicago clambered out of three battered Land Rovers, filled their water bottles, and scattered on foot across the toffee-colored sands of the Tenere desert in northern Niger. The Tenere,on the southern flank of the Sahara, easily ranks among the most desolate landscapes on Earth. The Tuareg,turbaned nomads who for centuries

have ruled this barren realm, refer to it as a “desert within a desert”a California-size ocean of sand and rock, where a single massive dune might stretch a hundred miles, and the combination of 120-degreeheat and inexorable winds can wick the water from a human body in less than a day. The harsh conditions, combined with intermittent conflict between the Tuareg and the Niger government, have kept the region largely unexplored.


Mike Hettwer, a photographer accompanying the team, headed off by himself toward a trio of small dunes. He crested the first slope and stared in amazement. The dunes were spilling over with bones. He took a few shots with his digital camera and hurried back to the Land Rovers. ‘I found some bones:’Hettwer said, when the team had regrouped. “But they’re not dinosaurs. They’re human.”


In the spring of 2005 Sereno contacted Elena Garcea, an archaeologist at the University of Cassino, in Italy, inviting her to accompany him on a return to the site. Garcea had spent three decades working digs along the Nile in Sudan and in the mountains of the Libyan Desert, and was well acquainted with the ancient peoples of the Sahara. But she had never heard of Paul Sereno. His claim to have found so many skeletons in one place seemed far fetched, given that no other Neolithic cemetery

contained more than a dozen or so. Some archaeologists would later be skeptical; one sniped that he was just a ‘moonlighting paleontologist.’But Garcea was too intrigued to dismiss him as an interloper. She agreed to join him.


Garcea explained that the Kiffian were a fishing-based culture and lived during the earliest wet period, between 8,000 and 10,000 years ago. She held a Kiffian sherd next to a Tenerian one. “What is so amazing is that the people who made these two pots lived more than a thousand years apart.


Over the next three weeks, Sereno and Garcea-- along with five American excavators, five Tuareg guides, and five soldiers from Niger’s army, sent to protect the camp from bandits-- made a detailed map of the site, which they dubbed Gobero, after the Tuareg name for the area. They exhumed eight burials and collected scores of artifacts from both cultures. In a dry lake bed adjacent to the dunes, they found dozens of fishhooks and harpoons carved from animal bone. Apparently the Kiffian fishermen weren’t just going after small fry: Scattered near the dunes were the remains of Nile perch, a beast of a fish that can weigh nearly 300 pounds, as well as crocodile and hippo bones.


Sereno flew home with the most important skeletons and artifacts and immediately began planning for the next field season. In the meantime, he carefully removed one tooth from each of four skulls and sent them to a lab for radiocarbon dating. The results pegged the age of the tightly bundled burial sat roughly 9,000 years old, the heart of the Kiffian era. The smaller ‘sleeping’skeletons turned out to be about 6,000 years old, well within the Tenerian period. At least now the scientists knew who was who.

G In the fall of 2006 they returned to Gobero, accompanied by a larger dig crew and six additional scientists. Garcea hoped to excavate some80 burials, and the team began digging. As the skeletons began to emerge from the dunes, each presented a fresh riddle, especially the Tenerian. A male skeleton had been buried with a finger in his mouth.


Even at the site, Arizona State University bioarchaeologist Chris Stojanowski could begin to piece together some clues. Judging by the bones, the Kiffian appeared t o be a peaceful, hardworking people. “The lack of head and forearm injuries suggests they weren’t doing much fighting,” he told me. “And these guys were strong.” He pointed to a long,narrow ridge running along a femur. “That’s the muscle attachment,” he said. “This individual had huge leg muscles, which means he was eating a lot of protein and had a strenuous lifestyle-- both

consistent with a fishing way of life.” For contrast, he showed me the femur of a Tenerian male. The ridge was barely perceptible. “T his guy had a much less strenuous lifestyle,” he said, “which you might expect of a herder.”


Stojanowski’s assessment that the Tenerian were herders fits the prevailing view among scholars of life in the Sahara 6,000 years ago, when drier conditions favored herding over hunting. But if the Tenerian were herders, Sereno pointed out, where were the herds? Among the hundreds of animal bones that had turned up at the site, none belonged to goats or sheep, and only three came from a cow species. “It’s not unusual for a herding culture not to slaughter their cattle, particularly in a cemetery,M Garcea responded, noting that even modem pastoralists, such as Niger’s Wodaabe, are loath to butcher even one animal in their herd. Perhaps, Sereno reasoned, the Tenerian at Gobero were a transitional group that had not fully adopted herding and still relied heavily on hunting and fishing.


Back in Arizona, Stojanowski continues to analyze the Gobero bones for clues to the Green Saharans’health and diet. Other scientists are trying to derive DNA from the teeth, which could reveal the genetic origins of the Kiffian and Tenerian —and possibly link them to

descendants living today. Sereno and Garcea estimate a hundred burials remain to be excavated. But as the harsh Tenere winds continue to erode the dunes, time is running out. “Every archaeological site has a life cycle,” Garcea said. “It begins when people begin to use the place, followed by disuse, then nature takes over, and finally it is gone. Gobero is at the end of its life.”


The Analysis and Solution of Cambridge IELTS (4、5、6、7) 环球雅思温亮明 IELTS Reading(剑4. 5. 6. 7) 第1章IELTS中关于阅读文章中是非判断题分析 是非题中关于“only”题的总结(共11题,8F, 2NG , 1T) 总结:剑4、5、6中共有“only”题(是非判断)7小题,5题F,2题NG,剑7中共有“only”题(是非判断)4小题3F,1T。F机率远大于NG及T 是非题中关于比较级的总结(共24题,5F, 12NG, 7T) 剑7中比较级考点(是非判断)共计4小题1F,2NG,1T 剑4.5.6比较级考点(是非判断)共计20小题,6T,10NG,4F 总结:NG>T>F 是非判断题中同级比较(the same …as…)(…as well as…)的总结 剑4.5.6共计the same …as题4道2T,1NG,1F 剑7共计2题同级比较,1T,1 F 总结: 剑4.5.6.7 阅读真题中同级比较考点无规律可循 剑桥IELTS阅读文章中是非判断题解决方法 1、是非判断题的出题顺序与其在原文中定位句(处)的顺序是一致的,所以做此类题时必须有方向感,即Q1题在文中定位要在Q2前边,Q2题在原文中定位句要在Q3原文定位处前边……例如:剑5,P23,T1P2Q26 题目中独特定位词为sociobiology,在和中都出现了,第一次出现是在Q25题原文定位处的前面,第二次出现在Q25题原文定位处的后面,因为Q25与Q26两题具有顺序性,所以Q26题的答案应在原文Q25题原文定位处的后面的中定位,而不是在Q25题原文定位处的前面的找答案。 注意:此规律内容并非绝对,但基本成立。 2、剑桥IELTS是非判断题基本上是考查原文中连续段落,即几个是非判断题在原文中的定位处是几个连续顺序的段落,或这些是非判断题集中于原文某一个或某两个段落,但无论是何情形,定位处(句)仍旧是按顺序的。注意:此规律并非绝对,定位处的连续性基本上正确。 3、据考证是非题干中划线的定位词在文中的定位基本上是首次出现时进行定位划线,个别时候,在二次出现时定位,极个别时正确答案在三次以上原文出现时定位。 4、IELTS文章的题目,除List of Headings考段落、Sections主题,或文章后边一个单个选择题考整篇文章title之外,几乎所有阅读文章题目都是针对整篇文章的不同信息点设置的,每个题目所考内容只是整个文章中的一个信息点,而整篇文章是由多个信息点构成的一个层面,考试时间有限,考生使用的答题时间有限,IELTS考官设置试题时必须给予考生一定的解题线索,没有解题线索,此考题出题失败,而每个是非题目中的定位词(关键信息词)就是考生在原文中找到出题点的钥匙,所以把题干中的定位词(题干信息点)确定之后,找其在原文的重复出现或找其在原文中的同义替换,就可以确定本题在文章中的定位处(出题句),题目中的考点词与定位词同处于一道题目中,考点词与定位词之间肯定存在某种逻辑关系,基本上在文中找到定位句后(通过题干中定位词找在文中的对应定位词),就可以在定位句找到与题目中考点词有密切关系的答案信息,这是解决是非判断题最科学有效的方法,切记雅思所有题目实质上就是找题目信息点与原文信息点的逻辑对应。



必考的高频替换 增加 / 提高 减少 / 下降 保护 发现 改变 称为 / 名称 方法 惊讶 灭绝 特别 各种 媒体 机会 军事 国际 预测 困难 局限 营养 钱 进化 政府 否定 范围 /数量极限词 程度极限词 频率极限词 顺序极限词Increase improve rise more higher develop boom grow enhance reinforce explosion expand thrive boost benefit surge promote climb advance soar. Decline decrease reduce downward fall drop loss Protect preserve conservation save. Find discover identify spot detect recognize realize Change vary shift modify transform revise alter reform Named called referred to as ,known as, termed, expression Way approach method means access solution Surprising unexpected take aback Extinction ,die out, endangered Special, unusual, not tradition, particular. Various ,a variety of ,diversity, a series of ,a rang of , a array of ,a line of ,a list of ,sorts of ,types of. Media, newspaper, TV,broadcasting,magazine, redio Chance, opportunity, edge Military,war,battle,weapon International ,global, world,cosmopolitan,universal,oversea,not domestic,external. Predict,expect,anticipate. Difficult,demanding,hard,serious condition. Limit, restrict, occupy part of ,confine Nutrition, diet, food, protein, mineral. Cost,profit,investment,price,salary,wage,fund,income,wealth,income,tax,tariff,expense, Budget, Evolve,evolution,develop Government, policy, planner, authority. 显性: not 系列; no 系列 隐形: hardly,too...to, rather than, yet, seldom,rarely,scarcely,be inferior to,flaw,deficient,dis- 系列, mis-系列 . 极限词 Only merely whole completely every all universal wherever cosmopolitan fully entire no one without majority most generally any through Most,ultimately,optimum,must, main,supereme,fully,urgent,dominant,prime,chief,immediate,ultimate . Always remain ,never,invariably,constant,stay. Top,origin,earliest,begin,launch,initial,coin,first.



Next Year Marks the EU's 50th Anniversary of the Treaty A. After a period of introversion and stunned self-disbelief,continental European governments will recover their enthusiasm for pan-European institution-building in . Whether the European public will welcome a return to what voters in two countries had rejected so short a time before is another matter. B. There are several reasons for Europe’s recovering self-confidence. For years European economies had been lagging dismally behind America (to say nothing of Asia), but in the large continental economies had one of their best years for a decade, briefly outstripping America in terms of growth. Since politics often reacts to economic change with a lag,’s improvement in economic growth will have its impact in , though the recovery may be ebbing by then. C. The coming year also marks a particular point in a political cycle so regular that it almost seems to amount to a natural law. Every four or five years, European countries take a large stride towards further integration by signing a new treaty: the Maastricht treaty in 1992, the Treaty of Amsterdam in 1997, the Treaty of Nice in . And in they were supposed to ratify a European constitution, laying the ground for yet more integration—until the calm rhythm was rudely shattered by French and Dutch voters. But the political impetus to sign something every four or five years has only been interrupted,not immobilised, by this setback. D. In the European Union marks the 50th anniversary of another treaty—the Treaty of Rome, its founding charter. Government leaders have already agreed to celebrate it ceremoniously, restating their commitment to “ever closer union” and the basic ideals of European unity. By itself, and in normal circumstances, the EU’s 50th-birthday greeting to itself would be fairly meaningless, a routine expression of European good fellowship. But it does not take a Machiavelli to spot that once governments have signed the declaration (and it seems unlikely anyone would be so uncollegiate as to veto


剑桥雅思口语真题解析 Part 1: 1.1姓名 1. What’s your full name? 2. Can I have your name, please? 3. Are there any special meanings of your name? 4. Do you like your name? Why? 5. Do Chinese people like changing their names? 6. What kind of people in China like changing their names? 7. Is there any rule for Chinese people giving names to their children? 1.2故乡 My hometown is Guangzhou. It is the capital of Guangdong province in the southwest of China. It is a large industrial city. It is close to Hong Kong so a lot of the industries involve trade and retail. It is also a finance area. The people in Guangzhou are very genial and helpful, also are very easy to get around. If you lose your way and ask someone, he will give you the direction immediately, he can also give you a hand if you are in trouble. By the year 2011, it is believed that my hometown Guangzhou has become the economic center of China. 2. Where is it located? 3. How about the climate in your hometown? Which season do you like? In my hometown Guangzhou, the four seasons are not evident, which only has spring and summer. It is too hot in the summer and it is also humid in the winter. I like summer better, for we will go swimming and start our outdoor activities in the summer, it gives us pretty environment, which full of various kinds of colors. Another reason is that it is suitable for traveling around. 4. How about the people in your hometown? The people in my hometown Guangzhou are very genial and helpful, also are very easy to get around. People will always give you a hand with things. If you lose your way and ask someone, he will give you the direction immediately, he can also give you a hand if you are in trouble. 5. What do most people do in your hometown? 6. Oh yes. Even though Guangzhou is very modern, it has some interesting temples and streets. There is one called the Temple of Six Banyan Trees and it was built about 1500 years ago. There is also a famous cultural and commercial street in Guangzhou called Beijing Road. In this street, you can not only see a historic exhibition about different years roadbed, which has more than thousand histories, but also has many business shops sale almost all kinds of things. Besides, you can taste traditional snacks and refreshments or experience temples with /unusual special architectural style nearby. Anyway, it is an interesting place so worth to visit! 7. How about the style of the building in your hometown? 8. What is one of the greatest changes having taken place over the years? 9. What problems still exist in your hometown? 10. How to improve the situation in your hometown? 11. Where is Chinese population mainly distributed? 12. What changes have occurred in people’s dwelling? 1.3学习 1. Are you an employee or a student? (Are you working or studying?) 2. What is your major?


2012年9月1日的雅思考试过后,环球雅思也在第一时间整理了完整的2012年9月1日雅思阅读机经,在此次的雅思阅读考试的三篇文章中,其中比较典型的几个题型的TRUE\FALSE\NOT GIVEN、Complete table、多选题、Sentence completion的出题比例依旧比较稳定,可以看到判断TRUE\FALSE\NOT GIVEN还是2012年9月1日雅思阅读机经中的重头戏。 考试日期:2012年9月1日 Reading Passage 1 Title:Man and Machine Question types:段落细节信息配对题填空题summary 文章内容 回顾 关于机器人的,MIT和日本的一些研究 英文原文阅读Types of Robots Humanoid Entertainment Robots ASIMO, manufactured by Honda QRIO, by Sony HOAP(*1) Robot Series (Humanoid for Open Architecture Platform), Manufactured by Fujitsu Toyota Partner Robot, manufactured by Toyota. EMIEW, by Hitachi

Androids Androids are robots designed to strongly resemble humans. Actroid, a realistic female robot demonstrated most prominently at Expo 2005 in Japan Hanako, a humanoid robot designed for dentist training HRP-4C, a humanoid robot with a realistic head and the average figure of a young Japanese female Animal (four legged) robots Aibo playing with kids AIBO is a commercial robotic dog manufactured by Sony Electronics. Social robots PaPeRo Paro, a robot baby seal intended for therapeutic purposes Wakamaru Guard robots Guardrobo D1 is manufactured by Sohgo Security Services. Banryu, manufactured by Sanyo and TMSUK. Domestic robots SmartPal V, manufactured by Yaskawa Electric

2019-2020-雅思阅读同义词替换(剑八TEST 3)-实用word文档 (2页)

2019-2020-雅思阅读同义词替换(剑八TEST 3)-实用word文档 本文部分内容来自网络整理,本司不为其真实性负责,如有异议或侵权请及时联系,本司将立即删除! == 本文为word格式,下载后可方便编辑和修改! == 雅思阅读同义词替换(剑八TEST 3) 雅思阅读同义词替换 Cambridge 8 TEST 3 1. building = property = construction n .建筑 2. support = back = be behind = in support of = back somebody up v .支持 3. financial support = fund = financial aid 资助 4. stumbling block = difficulty = trouble n .麻烦 5. create = generate = form = produce v .形成 6. direct = guide = lead = instruct = give order / instruction v .指导 7. beam = laser = ray = glow = glare n .光线,激光 8. aim = direct at = purpose = point = idea = objective = goal = target n .目的 9. test in real = field test 实地测试 10. genius = giftedness / talent / intellectual = intelligence = brains = brilliant = wisdom n .天才 11. inherit = run in family = receive = get = be given = be awarded v .继承 12. talent = prodigy = skill = ability = craftsmanship = flair = have a knack = a natural ability to do something well n .才能,技能 13. lessen = minimize = subside = lighten = relieve = ease = allay v .减少



Selling Digital Music without Copy-protection Makes Sense A. It was uncharacteristically low-key for the industry’s greatest showman. But the essay published this week by Steve Jobs, the boss of Apple,on his firm’s website under the unassuming title “Thoughts on Music” has nonetheless provoked a vigorous debate about the future of digital music,which Apple dominates with its iPod music-player and iTunes music-store. At issue is “digital rights management” (DRM)—the technology guarding downloaded music against theft. Since there is no common standard for DRM, it also has the side-effect that songs purchased for one type of music-player may not work on another. Apple’s DRM system, called FairPlay, is the most widespread. So it came as a surprise when Mr. Jobs called for DRM for digital music to be abolished. B. This is a change of tack for Apple. It has come under fire from European regulators who claim that its refusal to license FairPlay to other firms has “locked in” customers. Since music from the iTunes store cannot be played on non-iPod music-players (at least not without a lot of fiddling), any iTunes buyer will be deterred from switching to a device made by a rival firm, such as Sony or Microsoft. When French lawmakers drafted a bill last year compelling Apple to open up FairPlay to rivals, the company warned of “state-sponsored piracy”. Only DRM, it implied, could keep the pirates at bay. C. This week Mr. Jobs gave another explanation for his former defence of DRM: the record companies made him do it. They would make their music available to the iTunes store only if Apple agreed to protect it using DRM. They can still withdraw their catalogues if the DRM system is compromised. Apple cannot license FairPlay to others, says Mr Jobs, because it would depend on them to produce security fixes promptly. All DRM does is restrict consumer choice and provide a barrier to entry, says Mr Jobs; without it there would be far more stores and players, and far more innovation. So, he suggests, why not do away with DRM and sell music unprotected?“This is


雅思阅读判断题型解题方法 雅思阅读板块题型多样,其中判断题是必考题型,本文以剑桥雅思阅读真题为例,和大家解析雅思阅读中判断题型的解题方法。 剑桥雅思阅读真题解析判断题型解题方法 一、判断题题干有表示比较关系的词,考生需注意题目重点考察比较关系。 常见的比较关系词: 比较级:more/ less /adj-er than… 同级比较:as…as…/the same as…/equal/ like 试题中若出现以上比较关系词,需标记题中的比较对象(A 、B),并明确比较逻辑(如A比B更聪明),即可快速完成审题。如: 39. It is easier to find meaning in the field of science than in the field of art. – Test 2, Cambridge IELTS 11 审题步骤: 1.确定比较对象:A – field of science (科学领域)、B – field of art (艺术领域) 2.确定比较逻辑:科学的含义比艺术的含义更容易被人们理解(easier to find meaning)。 除了上述较明显的比较关系词外,出题人还会使用较隐晦的表达阐述比较关系,用以干扰考生的判断。因此,在审题时还需注意下列

具有隐含比较关系的表达: prefer to… compare to/compare with/contrast similar to…/similarly superior to/inferior to unusual 同样,考生在判定题干存在比较关系后,需标记题中的比较对象并明确比较逻辑。如: 35. Teachers say they prefer suggestopedia to traditional approaches to language teaching. – Test 1, Cambridge 7 1.确定比较对象:A –suggestopedia(暗示教学)、B –traditional approaches(传统教学方法) 2.确定比较逻辑:暗示教学比传统教学方法更受老师喜欢(teachers say they prefer)。 二、借助以下2种解题思路辅助解题: 1.题干中A、B存在比较关系但原文A、B不存在比较关系时,答案应为未提及——NOT GIVEN。 先看个简单的例子: 题干:喜茶比星爸爸贵得多。 原文:我的意中人是个盖世英雄,有一天他会踏着七彩祥云,排



考试日期: 8月25日 Reading Passage 1 Title: Dirty But Clean River ---(FLOOD) Question types: TRUE\FALSE\NOT GIVEN 9题 Complete table 5题 文章内容回顾flood对生态群系的重要性,但某处flood愈发减少以致人们不得不模拟flood。 问flood or fire对森林更有害,后面问自从1663年t鱼就开始减少,还有flood最多可到3500每秒,1996的人造flood开始被认为成功了,cube鱼的减少是因为t鱼的引入,人造flood比天然的大,以前flood含有干净的水。 题型难度分析难度偏低,本文只有两种题型,且都是有顺序的题目,降低了做题难度。是非无判断的题量较大,在一定程度上降低了定位的难度。在表格填空题中,还有两道是时间(数字)的定位,难度降低。 题型技巧分析是非无判断题: 解题思路: 1. 关键词定位到原文中与题目出现重复的段落 2. 判断方式不包含任何逻辑推理 TRUE: 是原文中同义近义改写 FALSE: 对于原文信息的直接改写 NOT GIVEN: 原文没有信息,或经过原文信息不能直接推理出来3. 书写应该规范,大写全拼 剑桥雅思推荐原文练习剑桥5-3-2 Disappearing Delta 话题相似剑桥6-2-3 题型相似 Reading Passage 2 Title: graffiti(涂鸦) Question types: Which paragraph contains the following information? 5题连续两个5选2 (4题) Sentence completion 4题 文章内容回顾 graffiti(涂鸦)是艺术还是犯罪,主要讲各种去除涂鸦的方法,不足之处和注意事项 等。 英文原文阅读Graffiti (singular: graffito; the plural is used as a mass noun) is writing or drawings scribbled, scratched, or sprayed illicitly on a wall or other surface in a public place. Stickers and other adhesives are not considered graffiti, apparently because they are less common. Graffiti ranges from simple written words to elaborate wall paintings, and has existed since ancient times, with examples dating back to Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire.[2] In modern times, paint, particularly spray paint, and marker pens have become



Passage1 Question 1 答案: H 关键词: national policy 定位原文: H段第1句“The New Zealand Government…” 解题思路: 这一段的首句就以一种叙事口吻向考生交代了新西兰全国上下正在开展的一场为残疾人服务 的战略,该句含义为“新西兰政府已经制定出一项‘新西兰残疾人事业发展战略’,并开始进入广泛咨 询意见的阶段。”另外,在该段其它语句中也提到the strategy recognises..., Objective 3...is to provide...等信息,非常符合题干中account一词的含义。 Question 2 答案: C 关键词: global team 定位原文: C段最后一句“The International Institute of…” 解题思路:这句含义为“在世界卫生组织的建议下,国际噪声控制工程学会(I-INCE)成立了一个国际工作小组来”,这句话中international能够对应题干中的global, 而working party能够对应team。这是对应关系非常明显的一道题目。 Question 3 答案: B 关键词: hypothesis, reason, growth in classroom noise 定位原文: B段第3句“Nelson and Soil have also suggested...” 解题思路:在该段首句中就出现了classroom noise这个词,因此该段有可能就是本题的对应段落。在接下来的叙述Nelson and Soil have also suggested...中,suggest一词能够对应题干中的hypothesis 后一句中的This all amounts to heightened activity and noise levels,与题干中的one reason相对应 Question 4


雅思阅读8大阅读题型介绍 雅思阅读的题型分类业界并不统一,不过一般可以认为其包括8类。给大家带来了雅思阅读8大阅读题型介绍,希望能够帮助到大家,下面就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。 雅思阅读8大阅读题型介绍 雅思阅读题型之一、段落标题(paragraphheadings) 在做雅思阅读*的时候,一般是10个选项,其中包括1-2个段落其标题的例子。要求根据段落中的内容找出与其相匹配的段落标题。正式考试中一般1个选项只能用于1个段落。 雅思阅读题型之二、辨别正误题型(True/false/notgiven) 该题型会涉及到:(notgiven/notmentioned)没有提到,有时还会出现下列提法accurat/inaccurat精确/不精 确;supported/contradicted一致/不一致。correct/incorrect正确与不正确。辨别正误题型属于比较难的题型。通常出现在阅读测试中的第3或第4部分。 规定时间内如果我们完成不能答题,可以选择根据逻辑猜测。这个办法在回答辨别正误(True;false;notgiven)题型时很有效。由于时间有限,很多题是通过此逻辑猜测得出正确答案。

雅思阅读题型之三、回答问题(short-answerquestiontasks) 回答问题是根据所给*或图表回答问题。雅思阅读考试中中通常是出现what、which、when、where、who、whose、whom、why、how等单词。这些单词有时会在答题指引中将所提问题列出。 回答问题答题步骤: 1.仔细查看答题指引,了解回答何种问题。 2.查看例句,确定答题方式。 3.要确定问句的种类,一般疑问句可按正常形式回答,如果是选择疑问句或者是以wh/how开头的问句就一定要具体回答。 4.仔细理解问句所提问题。 5.特别要注意问句中所提问题的关键词语(例如:单数、复数),以及问句中表明数量、时间、地点的词语。 6.将问句中的关键词语与*中相关句子中的词语进行匹配。 7.确定问句与*中相关句子含义是否一致,得出答案。 雅思阅读题型之四、完成图表、示意图题型(table、chartordiagramcompletion)


2019年11月4日雅思阅读机经真题答案及解析 一、考试概述: 本次考试的文章两篇新题一篇旧题,第一篇描述了两个科学家在撒哈拉的发现,研究了古代人的生存方式,第二篇是讲了利用心理学对课堂行为实行研究,第三篇是讲非语言交流的,人类除了用语言交流,其他手势、行为等的非语言形式也很重要 二、具体题目分析 Passage 1: 题目:Human Remain in Green Sahara 题型:判断题4 +简答题3+填空题6 新旧水准:旧题 文章大意:描述了两个科学家在撒哈拉的发现,研究古代人的生存方式。 参考文章: Human Remain in Green Sahara A On October 13,2,000, a small team of paleontologists led by Paul Sereno of the University of Chicago clambered out of three battered Land Rovers, filled their water bottles, and scattered on foot across the toffee-colored sands of the Tenere desert in northern Niger. The Tenere,on the southern flank of the Sahara, easily ranks among the most desolate landscapes on Earth. The Tuareg,turbaned nomads who for centuries have ruled this barren realm, refer to it as a

10月24 号最新雅思阅读机经

10月24 号最新雅思阅读机经 10月刚过去,对于11月将要考雅思的同学来说,10月的雅思真题机经很重要,多了解最近的考试趋势和考试形式有助于考试成绩的提高,郑州培雅雅思培训专注雅思培训多年,对于考试的趋势和预测把握很深,欢迎各位河南地区的同学前来免费咨询。 一、考试概述: 本次考试三篇文章两旧一新,第一篇内容关于娃娃的发展起源,第二篇为人们工作中所接触到的压力,第三篇介绍的是关于一种蜥蜴。对于历史发展类,工作类和生物类的文章大家可以参考剑桥系列中C8T1P1,C10T1P3和C7T3P1进行复习。 二、具体题目分析 Passage 1: 题目:Doll 内容:娃娃的发展起源,材料及制作过程 题型:填空题7+判断题6 参考答案: 1-7 Completion 2000BC 埃及坟墓里经常可以发现由平整的木头制成的娃娃,“头发”由1. clay或木珠子制成,可以追溯到公元前2000多年。 600BC 希腊和罗马,女孩长到不再适合玩娃娃的年纪时,她们就会把娃娃奉献给女神们2. goddesses;公元前600年前娃娃已经有了可活动四肢3. movable limbs和可拆服装。 16-17th century 德国Grodnertal生产许多4. peg wooden dolls(木制挂钩娃娃),这种娃娃有着非常简单的挂钩关节,类似于衣夹。 1700-1800 除了木质娃娃,蜡质娃娃在17和18世纪也很流行。第一个以婴儿为模板的蜡质5.wax娃娃产于19世纪初的英国。

1800-1900 木材的替代品是1800年代发展起来的。纸浆木或纸张6.pulped wood or paper混合而成的合成物被用来制造娃娃的头和身体。 Mid of the 19th 19世纪40年代,德国,法国和丹麦开始制造瓷质娃娃头。19世纪60年代,陶制bisque娃娃取代了7.china娃娃头。 8-13 True/False/Not Given 8. 法国的dolls比德国的bisque dolls more costly—TRUE 9. The first rag doll 是在1850s制造出来的—NOT GIVEN 10. 赛璐璐celluloid娃娃容易掉色easily fade away—TRUE 11. only开头的判断题—FALSE 12. plastic与此前的材料resembled但是can last a longer time—TRUE 13. 待补充 Passage 2: 题目:Stress Level 内容:人类压力 题型:配对题5+选择题3+单选题6 参考文章(仅供参考): Stress of Workplace A How busy is too busy? For some it means having to miss the occasional long lunch; for others it means missing lunch altogether. For a few, it is not being able to take a "sickie" (病假) once a month. Then there is a group of people for whom working every evening and weekend is normal, and frantic is the tempo of their lives. For most senior executives, workloads swing between extremely busy and frenzied. The vice-president of the management consultancy AT Kearney and its head of telecommunications for the Asia-Pacific region, Neil Plumridge, says his work weeks vary from a "manageable" 45 hours to 80 hours, but average 60 hours. B Three warning signs alert Plumridge about his workload: sleep, scheduling and family. He knows he has too much on when he gets less than six hours of sleep for three consecutive nights;