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Part II


I. 汉译英




1)To promote the reunification of the motherland, we must find a proper means.

2) So we suggest that the two Parties hold a talk on an equal footing and try for a third-time cooperation. 3) The fact the mainland and Taiwan have adopted different ideologies and political systems should not be allowed to stand in the way of developing the relations between two sides of the Taiwan Straits and achieving the peaceful reunification.



1) College students now bear heavy academic pressure. 2) You will find them—except seniors who are beginning to look for a job—always too busy in studies to join campus organizations, too busy to take part in sports and other extracurricular activities, too busy to share the interests of their friends, and too busy to pay attention to anything that is not connected with their studies. 3) In short, they

have become nothing but a robot. 4) They are under pressure to do too much work in too little time. 5) If their roommates are studying in the library until it closes at midnight while they go to a movie, they will feel guilty. 6) The very idea of doing nothing during the day will make them uncomfortable and sleepless all night. 7) They stud so hard that they have hardly had time to savor life and to pursue other interests to grow as well-rounded people. 8) The pursuit of college education costs them too much personal happiness and health.





1) International finance has no respect for national borders. 2) When stock markets fall in Tokyo, the effects are no longer local; they are global. 3) So to have sustained economic growth. China must help to restore stability and growth in the Asia Pacific region. 4) China has steadfastly shouldered its responsibilities to the region in this latest financial crisis.





1) The floods in the Yangtze River basin are the worst in 44 years. 2) Official figures indicate that more than 2000 people have been drowned and 13.8 million have been driven from their homes.

3) Crops have been destroyed on 4.5 million hectares, 3 percent of China’s t otal cropland. 4) Industrial output has suffered as factories have had to shut. 5) The transportation of goods and people has been disrupted. 6) The overall effect on China’s economy will be felt for many months. 7/8 Despite the serious damage, China deserves a lot credit for the nationwide effort to deal with flooding, during which the Chinese have demonstrated a remarkable capacity for shoring up dikes and protecting themselves from flooding. 9) For example, 1.6 million troops have been mobilized to help protect the dikes and to move people out of areas being flooded. 10) Literally millions of civilians are involved in this enormous human effort.

5. 海滨浴场




1) Its endless beaches and abundant sunshine attract tourists each year in search of rest and relaxation. 2) The opening of Qingdao to the outside world, however, has revealed the monotony of her touring programs and the inadequacy of modern facilities. 3) Take the bathing beach for example. It admits thousands of tourists from home and abroad annually, but its use is obviously limited by seasons and natural events.




国库券the treasury bond

1,2) Increasing activity in the stock market, the treasury bond and enterprise bond markets—Shanghai’s biggest and most active capital markets—reflects the growing sophistication of the local financial system and the efforts of local enterprises to beat the credit squeeze by borrowing directly from the public. 3, 4) It also indicates that Shanghai investors are getting smarter, spreading their portfolios among inflation-linked fixed bank deposits, treasury bonds, shares, and enterprise bonds, and other financial instruments now available as a hedge against inflation. 5) Treasury bonds issued each year has been the most popular with institutional and individual investors. 6) Enterprise bonds are also popular because they have a short maturity and offer an interesting rate of 1-2% more than the average bank deposit rate. 7) Often RMB 100 million worth of enterprise bonds are subscribed within a few days by anxious investors who queue overnight outside banks.



1,2) By advocating enjoyable education we mean to challenge the notion that grades are an exclusive measure of one’s talent and to aim to develop children’s total personality, not just their academic ability. We are also value virtues, physical endurance, manual skills, or artistic abilities. 3) For China in her development needs not only engineers and scientists, but talent of different kinds.



1,2) Since the 1970s the Chinese community in the USA has undergone tremendous changes, among which is its rapid increase in population as many Chinese have kept flooding into America’s shore. 3) As the population of the American citizens of Chinese descent has increased and their qualities have evidently

improved, so their economic conditions have prospered. 4) It is said that since 1986 the US citizens of Chinese descent have leapt to a good lead over other racial minorities, Japanese and Koreans, for instance. 5) The average Chinese family’s yearly income has now come to exceed that of the average American family. 6) At present there is a number of enterprisers of Chinese descent in the economic circles in the US who enjoy considerable fame. 7) An even more cheerful phenomenon is that in recent years there have sprung up in the US prominent scientific and technical talents of Chinese descent. 8) Their achievements have come to command the notice and admiration of scientists and technical experts in the world. 9) Meanwhile, Chinese-descent citizens have more roles to play in American political circles, as they have risen evidently in political status.



1) In his talk, he tackled serious subjects, like the reform of state-owned enterprises and the growing bureaucracy, China’s commitme nt to her Asian neighbors and determination not to devalue her currency, the need to clean up the environment or root out corruption. 2) All the while, people alternately nodded in approval or held their sides with laughter.



1) Mr. Zhang, a retired miner, bought four chicks early this year. 2) One day, he found one of them missing. He got so angry that he kept blaming his wife for it all the time. 3) Towards evening, into his yard came a chick, followed by his neighbor Wang, who ran to catch t he chick. 4) Naturally Zhang’s wife wouldn’t let him go with the chick, 5) and so a quarrel ensured. 6) It turned out that Wang had also lost one of his two chicks recently, which he bought nearly the same time as Mr. Zhang did. 7) Their quarrel drew another neighbor Lee to the yard to see what was happening. 8) Having heard the story, he put the chick somewhere between their homes and let it off. 9) The chick went straight to join Zhang’s flock and kept returning whenever it was driven to Wang’s home. 10) And at Zhang’s call “Chick, chick”, all the chicks including the one in question recede in response to him. 11) Wang had no more to say but made an immediate apologize. Thus ended the quarrel over a chick.



1)During his life time, Xu Xiake visited 16 provinces, leaving his footprints

nearly everywhere across the land. 2) He never blindly accepted the conclusions given by books, nor did he treat authority as the sole basis for truth. 3) As a result, he found many inaccuracies in the travel notes on geography written by his predecessors. 4,5) In order to get a detailed and truthful picture of the particular places, he preferred to travel on foot instead of by cart or boat despite long distances, and even ventured into mountainous areas and jungles, which are rarely traveled by people and full of dangers. 5,6) The payoff for his effort was his discovery of many fantastic landscapes which attracted him to return in different season sand even different hours of the day to observe their kaleidoscopic spectacles. 7) He was not only a good observer, accurate, patient and objective, but also applied persistent thought to the observations he made.






“W. C. Literature”

1)Life is very tough for overseas students studying in America, especially for those who are over thirty and encumbered with two children.

2)The rent near Harvard is forbiddingly high. To be able to afford one bedroom

and one living room is enviable enough. 3)The former is of course the territory for our two dear daughters. 4)Being financially embarrassed, my husband and I have to content ourselves with sleeping in a sofa-bed in the living room. 5)Our kitchen being located there, the bed is in fact close to the stove, giving us the odd feeling that we are a pair of old servants quartered in that lowly place.

6)And it is in this piece of furniture that my better half designed his doctoral dissertation. 7)Every night be would lie in the bed half asleep and half awake thinking out his formulas. 8)Never being able to figure out in which state he was, I couldn’t switch on the light, thus eliminating the possibility of my writing at the dining table.

9)There is a desk in the bedroom, which is his colony when he is not occupying the sofa. When he withdraws from the lone position, the children are already fast asleep, necessitating the enforcement of a total blackout.10)Where can I entrench myself for my literary cerebrations? 11)There’s only the W. C. ! where I’ll go. I’ll let down the lid, making it serve as a mini-desk. There I’ll squat down and start composing. Finishing one short essay thus is enough to benumb both of my legs.

12)It the next day my daughters should happen to find the manuscripts and make toys with them, my brain-child would be still-born, not to mention the fate of rejection that will befall most of the contributions that are fortunate enough to escape the fate of destruction.


1) 一个漆黑的夜晚,一个苦行僧走到一个荒僻的村落中,他看见有一盏晕黄的灯正从巷道的深处静静地亮过来,身旁的一位村民说:“孙瞎子过来了。”2)苦行僧百思不得其解,一




A Blind Man with A Lantern

1)One moonless night an itinerant monk wandered into a desolate village. Suddenly he descried a dim yellow light moving noiselessly towards him from the far end of a long lane. A villager close by told him, “Here comes Blindman Sun.”

2)The monk was much bewildered at the sight. Isn’t it ridiculous for a sightless person to carry

a lantern? 3)Thereupon he asked, “Excuse me, sir, may I ask why you are carrying a lantern when you are visually challenged?”

4)“Is it night now?” the visionless man asked. After getting satisfied in that particular, he explained, “I’m told that without any illumination, people throughout the world would all be groping in the dark, ther efore I’ve a lighted lantern with me.”

5)Seeming to have been enlightened somewhat, the religious man exclaimed. “So, sir, you’re lighting up the way for others?”

6)“No, for myself,” was the unexpected answer.

7)“Have you ever been bumped into by other ped estrians in the street because of utter darkness?” the differently-abled man querried. After getting an affirmative answer, he said, “But I’ve never. I have no vision, but, holding a lantern, I not only help the people see the way, but also myself, so that I won’t get knocked down.”



2) 很多人来探望母亲,他们带来各种各样的水果和补品。每一个人来,母亲都说:“你有心来探望我这把老骨头,我就很感激了;怎么能再让你破费?快把东西带回去给小孩吃。”














Learn the Ways of the World

1)My mother was hospitalized and I was often at her bed-side, looking after her.

2)She had lots of visitors, who invariably came with different kinds of fruit and tonics. Invariably she would decline thus, “I’m thankful enough to you for coming to see me. How can I bear to see you go to such expenses for my sake? Come on! Take those things back with you for your kids.”

3)Naturally, no caller would accept her suggestion, and mother would ask me to press the presents back into the hands of the guests, who would very cleverly leave the things on the table and quickly get away.

4)Not being able to consume so many nice things all by herself, she would invite me to share with her, and watching me eating, she would ask, “Aren’t they delicious?”

5)“Yes, they are, they are.”

6)Two days later, my elder male cousin on mo ther’s side came to see her, empty-handed. But before he left, he produced a one-hundred-yuan banknote and put it beside Mother’s pillow. 7)She hurriedly picked it up as a gesture of declination.8) My cousin quickly turned and left the ward. Mother handed the money to me, and pointing to his receding figure, and said, “Quick!”

9)I went after him with the money. It took me a long time before I intercepted him. 10)He simply wouldn’t take it back, but I succeeded in stuffing the banknote right into his pocket.“Take it back, please,” I said, “or my mother’ll be very angry.”

11)“Auntie indeed has a heart of gold,” my cousin said in admiration, which was emphasized with a resigned movement of the head.

12)Having carried out mother’s injunction, I returned to her side. She half rose from her lying position and asked, “Did he take it back?”

13)“No, he wouldn’t. I jammed it into his pocket.”

14)Mother’s head dropped back onto the pillow. She was silent for a long, long moment, and then let out a deep, deep sigh.15) I hurried over to the head of her bed and inquired concernedly, “Are you OK?”

16)She stroked my face with her emaciated hand and muttered, “When ever will you learn the ways of the world?”

17)“Have I done anything wrong?” I asked in trepidation.

18)Trying hard to compose her features into a smile, she let me into her thoughts. “I’m seriously ill. Shouldn’t he, my nephew, give me 100 yuan?”

19)Thoroughly enlightened as to her real intentions, I wheeled about, ready to catch my cousin again.20) She stopped my by gripping the hem of my coat, and murmured, “You’re wrong again.”15.当代人生启示录









Learn to Think

1)The most essential difference between one person and another lies not in apparel or appearances, but in mind.

2)None of us has seen Confucius, or Lao-tzu, or Zhuang-tzu (369-286 B. C.)

3)However, we can easily distinguish these philosophers. The distinction is based on their different thinking.

4)What characterizes one’s thoughts might be said to be his most outstanding feature.

5)Ways of thinking vary from one individual to another. 6)These who enjoy the advantage of being good at using their brains might show originality of thought.

7)Their thoughts reflect their fundamental views on life and on this world of ours.

8)As a matter of fact, the greatest and noblest quality of humans is their ability to ruminate.

9)In the course of his rumination, a person can arrive at a stronger and sounder self with greater perfectness and more depth.

10)Hence, the need to learn to think and to make constant use of this speciality.

( II 英译汉部分)


1)Pollution is a problem because man, in an increasingly populated and industrialized world, is upsetting the environment in which he lives. 2) Many scientists maintain that one of man’s greatest errors has been to equate growth with advancement. 3) Now “growth” industri es are being looked on with suspicion in case their side effects damage the environment and disrupt the relationship of different forms of life. 4) The growing population makes increasing demands on the world’s fixed supply of air, water and land. 5) This rise in population is accompanied by the desire of more and more people for a better standard of living. 6) Thus still greater demands for electricity, water and goods result in an ever increasing amount of waste material to be disposed of. 7) The problem has been causing increasing concern to living things and their environment.

8) Many believe that man is not solving these problems quickly enough and that his selfish pursuit of possessions takes him past the point of no return before he fully appreciates the damage.




2.Intelligent Test

1) There is more agreement on the kinds of behavior referred to by the term “intelligence” than there is on how to interpret or classify them(还原性增补). (分译法)2) But it is generally agreed (改为主动句)that a person of high intelligence is one who can grasp ideas readily, make distinctions, reason logically, and make use of verbal and mathematical symbols in solving problems(调整语序). 3) An intelligence test is a rough measure (转译成动词)o f a child’s capacity for learning, particularly for learning the kinds of things required in school. 4) It (还原性增补)does not measure character, social adjustment, physical endurance, manual skills, or artistic abilities. 5) It is not supposed—it was(语言结构增补)not designed for such purposes. 6) To criticize it(还原性增补)for such failure is roughly comparable to criticizing a thermometer for not measuring wind velocity. 7) Now since the assessment of intelligence is a comparative matter we must be sure that the scale with which we are comparing our subjects (确定词义)provides a “valid” or “fair” comparison (分译法).



Problem with Educational System

1) There are 39 universities and colleges offering degree courses in Geography, but I have never seen any good jobs for Geography graduates advertised. 2) Or am I alone in suspecting that they will return to teach Geography to another

set of students, who in turn will teach more Geography undergraduates? 3) Only ten universities currently offer degree courses in Aeronautical Engineering, which perhaps is just as well,in view of the speed with which the aircraft industry has been dispensing with excess personnel. 4) On the other hand, hospital casualty departments throughout the country are having to close down because of the lack of doctors. 5) The reason?University medical schools can only find places for half of those who apply.

dispense with v. 裁减人员

6) It seems to me that time is ripe for the Department of Employment and the Department of Education to get together with the universities and produce a revised educational system that will make a more economic use of the wealth of talent, application and industry currently being wasted on diplomas and degrees that no one wants to know about.


the Department of Employment 就业部

the Department of Education 教育部




4. Novelists

1) But if the open air and adventure mean everything to Defoe they mean nothing to Jane Austen. 2) Here is the drawing room, and people talking, and by the many mirrors of their talk revealing their characters. 3) And if, when we have accustomed ourselves to the drawing room and its reflections, we turn to Hardy, we are once more spun around. 4) The moors are round us and the stars are above our heads. 5) The other side of the mind is now exposed—the dark side that comes uppermost in solitude, not the light side that shows in company.

6) Our relations are not towards Nature and destiny. 7) Y et different as these worlds are, each is consistent with itself. 8) The maker of each is careful to observe the laws of his own perspective, and however great a strain they may put upon us they will never confuse us, as lesser writers so frequently do, by introducing two different kinds of reality into the same book.




5. The Law of Competition

1) Under the law of competition, the employer of thousands is forced into the strictest economies, among which the rates paid to labor figure prominently. 2) The price which society pays for the law, like the price it pays for cheap comforts and luxuries, is great, but the advantages of this law are also greater than its cost—for it is to this law that we owe our wonderful material development, which brings improved conditions in its train. 3) But, whether the law be benign or not, we cannot evade it; of the effect of any new substitutes for it proposed we can not be sure; and while the law may be sometimes hard for the individual, it is best for the race, because it insures the survival of the fittest in every department. 4) We accept and welcome, therefore, as conditions to which we must accommodate ourselves, great inequality of environment; the concentration of business, industrial and commercial, in the hands of a few; and the law of competition between these, as being not only beneficial, but essential

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