2) turn against
3) a couple of
4) takes his time
9) stands a chance
4) has saved up
5) stood a chance
6) were awarded
10) around (which student life) revolves
1) Joe wrote to say that he had to put off his visit because of his illness.
2) Despite the noise, they went on working as if nothing were happening.
3) Traffic was held up for several hours by the accident.
4) Called (up) on to speak at the meeting, I couldn't very well refuse.
5) Mrs. Stevenson looked in the cupboard and found there was not a single lump of sugar left.
6) It was the rumor that turned Joe against his twin brother.
7) We wondered how Sara was getting on in her new job.
8) Although Anne agreed with me on most points, there was one on which she was unwilling to give in.
9) Visitors could photograph almost anything here without having to ask for permission.
10) Whether we make an excursion or stay home will depend on tomorrow's weather.
1) Liz sang perfectly in the town hall yesterday afternoon.
2) I saw your brother and his girlfriend walking arm in arm in the park the other day.
3) It began to blow quite hard before midnight.
4) They moved the piano into another room upstairs last evening.
5) Come to my office at ten o'clock.
6) I was still living alone at home at the time.
7) Believe it or not, I ran into your cousin in a shop in New York three weeks ago.
8) The old couple were sitting quite happily in the garden at this time yesterday.
1) It turned out that his methods didn't work at all.
2) It turned out that the necklace was not made of diamond, but of glass.
3) It turned out that the "lost" money had been in the safe all the time!
4) It turned out that the experiment was much more difficult than they had supposed.
5) It has turned out that your nephew is the most suitable person for the job.
6) To his surprise, it turned out that the fashionable young lady he spoke to was a pickpocket.
1) Given his age, it was indeed a miracle that he had done so much in so short a time.
2) Given that they are fresh from university, the young people have done a good job.
3) Given that X equals ten, X minus four is six.
4) Given good health, he can finish the work in a couple of weeks.
5) Given enough manpower and financial support, the goal can certainly be attained.
6) Given the chance, Paul might make it.
4) couple of
11) stand a chance
The spokesman made it clear that the President would not cancel the trip under any circumstances.
Jack didn't know anything about any of the books on the bookshelf, so his choice was quite arbitrary.
The subsequent events confirmed my suspicions once again.
I think we should encourage high school students to find temporary jobs / employment during their summer holidays.
5) 令我们吃惊的是，这位常被赞为十分正直的州长（governor）竟然是个贪官（corrupt official）。
To our surprise, the governor who had often been praised for his honesty turned out to be a corrupt official.
6) 少数工人得到提升（be promoted），与此同时却有数百名工人被解雇。
A few workers were promoted, but meanwhile hundreds of workers were dismissed.
Given the chance, John might have become an outstanding painter.
Several hours later, the boy was found wandering around in the woods.
1)Besides Except Besides
2)Have received Accepted Received Accept
3)Discovered Was invented Discovered Invented
1) conflict with
2) superior to
4) left behind/left (my car keys) behind
9) above all
6) Acting on
7) leaving to
8) went out of her way
9) has been appointed
1) Many authors use a false name when they publish their books.
2) The origin of human life on earth is now believed to have been in Africa.
3) The book was translated from Chinese into English under the personal supervision of the author.
4) In spite of the personal participation of the President, the conference failed to produce agreement.
5) Many Americans prefer to travel by car over any other means of transportation.
6) Watches made in your factory are far superior in quality to those turned out in theirs.
1) a wait-and-see attitude
2) a life-and-death struggle
3) a down-to-earth spirit
4) an out-and-out lie
5) an out-of-the-way mountain village
6) a face-to-face talk
7) a divide-and-rule policy
8) up-to-date machines
9) word-for-word translation
10) a never-to-be-forgotten night
2) be heightened
5) to be lengthened
6) hastened heartened
1) In his youth
2) A 17-year-old youth
3) The youth of our country have
4) Some youths
5) Youth is
6) The youth of the 21st century have
1) Although advanced in years, Thomas Edison remained as active and creative as many young people.
2) While still at college, Miss Leacock had her first novel published.
3) A tiger cannot be tamed unless caught very young.
4) The old lady carrying a basketful of eggs was run down by a taxi when crossing the street.
5) I am sure Mr. White's latest play, once staged, will prove to be a great success.
6) Ben is fully aware that if not properly managed, his shirt factory will have to close down in less than a year.
1) Paul could not dance, nor could he sing.
2) I was not satisfied with her explanation, nor were my classmates.
3) My brother Joe never learned to swim, nor does he intend to start now.
4) They didn't invite me, nor did they invite my parents.
5) Cathy had hardly said a word since supper, nor had her husband.
6) Mr. Owen didn't know then what had happened, nor did he ever find out.
1) It was Jefferson who wrote the Declaration of Independence.
2) It is with genuine feeling that the author praises all that is progressive.
3) It was on the beach that Miss White found the child lying dead.
4) It was because the water had risen that we could not cross the river.
5) It was Jim, a heartless fellow, who was heard shouting at his mother in the dead of night.
6) It was not until I told her that Mrs. Williams knew anything about it.
1) Paul considered himself fortunate to have been admitted to Harvard University.
2) Don't you think it good for us to remember Jefferson's emphasis upon knowledge as a basis for action?
3) Today people find it impossible for one person to learn what needs to be known about all subjects.
4) His duty fulfilled, Henry felt a great weight taken off his mind.
5) Alice considered herself lucky that she was not injured in the accident.
6) The Chinese working class made its strength felt by playing the main role in the May 4th Movement.
5) go out of one's way
7) acted on
8) owe much to
9) left behind
2) In fact
3) a second term
6) served as
9) The nation's capital
It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of eleven be appointed to make a new constitution.
By making on-the-spot observations, the young scientists obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work.
It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.
4) 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址(location) 这一问题上持有不同意见。
The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.
Henry's works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother's.
The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment.
Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn't because as a soldier he had to obey the order.
Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a city without bikes or one without cars, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.
1)were short of
2)attached any importance to
3)have applied for
3) in turn
4) smelled of
11) Having little in common
1) A résumé generally consists of personal information, work experience and educational background.
2) In today's job market, importance is attached to practical experience as well as formal education.
3) The pay for this type of work ranges from ten to fifteen dollars per hour.
4) The thought of having to take the exam again depressed me./ I was depressed at the thought of having to take the exam again.
5) Tony and his brother have little in common except that they share the same interest in cricket./ Tony and his brother have little in common except their shared interest in cricket.
6) England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland constitute the United Kingdom.
1) a blue-eyed girl
2) a kind-hearted woman
3) a simple-minded young man
4) a double-faced guy/a double-faced fellow
5) a long-haired rabbit
6) a white-haired girl
7) a left-handed person
8) a red-tailed bird
9) a narrow-minded man
10) a short-sighted woman
1) smells lovely/smells sweet
2) could smell cigarettes
3) Smell the milk
4) smells stale
5) smells of wine
6) can smell something burning
7) was smelling a ball of wool
8) smell of fish/smelt of fish/smelled of fish
3) excited interested
5) bored closing
9) amusing thinking
1) The rumour proved (to be) true.
2) The experiment proved (to be) a success in the end.
3) The student proved (to be) much brighter than he had first appeared.
4) His experiences on the farm proved (to be) a turning point in his writing career.
1) I could say "Thank you"
2) I had time to look over my answers
3) most of the students understood the first problem
4) I could stop him
1) the letter must have been written by a small child
2) they are probably Japanese
3) he might have failed in his English exam
4) the performance must be a great success
6) consisted of
7) attached importance
9) in common
3) college graduate
5) find out
6) checked with his university
7) he'd be right for the job
9) left me with only one other question
10) call on
1. She got a post as a cashier at a local bank. But she was soon fired because she proved to be incompetent.
2. It is obviously/clearly his young assistant who is running the book store.
3. No sooner had the proposal been announced at the meeting than she got to her feet to protest. 这项建议在会上一宣布，她就站起来提出异议。
4. Bill has applied to Harvard University for a teaching assistantship, but his chances of getting it are slim.
5. Being short of funds, they are trying to attract foreign capital.
6. The room smells of stale air. It must have been vacant for a long time.
7. As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister have little in common.
8. It is self-evident that the education of the young is vital to the future of a country. 不言而喻，青年人的教育对于一个国家的未来是至关重要的。
2) A little
5) a few little
6) a few few
2) corresponded with each other
3) immune to
4) at ease
8) a household word
9) capable of carrying out
10) so much so that
1) a series of
3) are pursuing
6) come to terms with
7) work out
8) singled out
10) taken apart
11) at ease
1) He writes exclusively for the "Washington Post".
2) The friendship your people have for our people impressed me deeply during my visit in your country./ I was deeply impressed during my visit in your country by the friendship your people have for our people.
3) It took Joe a long time to come to terms with the fact that he would no longer be able to go sailing again.
4) Jim's grandfather believes more in fresh air and exercise than in medicine.
5) Owing to his poor education he was frustrated in his attempt to find a good job.
6) Most American cities are relatively small in terms of population when compared to Chinese cities like Shanghai and Beijing.
2) housebreaker/housekeep/housekeeper/house arrest/housemate/housework
4) bookkeeper/bookmark/book review/bookseller/bookshelf/bookstall
6) classroom/living room/reading room/waiting room/consulting room/dark room
1) a drop of blood
2) a grain of wheat
3) a length of rope
4) a lump of sugar
5) a ball of string
6) a block of marble
7) a roll of toilet paper
8) a helping of pie
9) a blanket of heavy mist
10) a slice of beef
1) Joe's father was seen to return after dark.
2) The wind was heard to roar through the trees.
3) I don't think Tom can be made to take the boss's orders.
4) The young man was seen to enter the building next to the bank.
5) When she was in Shanghai the actress was heard to say she had long thought of this city as her second home.
6) After the minister of education had finished speaking at the press conference, he was made to answer all sorts of questions.
1) The doctor advised (that) Mike (should) stay in hospital until he was fully recovered.
2) Cathy's father insisted (that) she (should) take a two-week rest before going back to work.
3) The chairman of the Trade Union suggested (that) a special committee (should) be set up to look into the problem./ The chairman of the Trade Union suggested (that) they set up a special committee to look into the problem.
4) The commander ordered (that) our company (should) start the attack before dawn.
5) Knowing Jack to be dishonest, I demanded (that) he (should) tell me nothing but the truth.
6) The dean of the philosophy department requested (that) the visiting scholar (should) give a lecture on Sartre.
7) singled out
10) at ease