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Unit 1



2. justify

3. discount

4. distinct

5. minute


7. object

8. contaminate

9. sustain 10. worship


1.accusing. .. of

2. end up

3. came upon

4. at her worst

5. pa:

6. run a risk of

7. participate in

8. other than

9. object to/objected V


2. G

3. C

4. E

5. N

6. 0

7. 1

8. L

9. A 10. D Collocation



2. pain 3? hardship 4. suffering 5. fever

6. defeat

7. poverty

8. treatment

9. noi se 10. agony Word building



2. glorify

3. exemplifies

4. classified


6. intensify

7. identify

8. terrified VTTT.


2. jewelry

3. delivery

4. machinery

5. robbery

6. nursery

7. scenery 8? discovery sentence Structure


1.other than for funerals and weddings

2.other than to live an independent life

3.other than that they appealed to his eye . . '

4.but other than that, he'11 eat just about everything .

5.other than that it's somewhere in the town center


1.shouldn,t have been to the cinema last night

2.would have; told him the answer

3.they needn,t have gone at all

4.must have had too much work to do

5.might have been injured seriously


1 . B 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. B 6. A 7. B 8. A 9. C 10. A

II. D 12. C 13. D 14. A 15. C 16. D 17. B 18. C 19. A 20. D

Unit 2



2. terrorist

3. novelist

4. activists

5. biologists

6. idealist

7. capitalists

8. tourist



2. industrial ism

3. realism

4. ideal ism

5. criticism

6. heroism

7. racism

8. Modernism sentence structure


1.If I had known that you were coming, I would have met you at the airport.

2.If he had tried to leave the country, he would have been stopped at the border.

3.If we had found him earlier, we could have saved his life.

4.Tf T had caught that plane, T would have been killed in the air crash.

5.If he had been in good health, he could have written many books.


1.it is a wonder to find

2.It is a surprise for us to find

3.it is a waste of time to argue with him

4.It's a comfort to know

5.It is a relief for us to learn


1.Tf the characters in this comedy had been more humorous, it would have attracted a 1 arger audience.

2.She has never lost faith in her own ability, so it is a possibility for her to become a successful actress.

3.I never had formal training, I just learned as I went along.

4.As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining in popularity.

5.She could make up a story by saying she was knocked unconscious by thieves and that all her

money was gone, but she doubted whether she could make it sound believable.

6.No one was certain whether he postponed the visit on purpose, but this brought more criticism of him.



I. C 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. A 6. C 7. D 8. A 9. D 10. C

II. D 12. A 13. A 14. C 15. B 16. D 17. A 18. C 19. B 20. A

Structured Writing


Charlie Chaplin is a great comic for his native land Britain, but even more so for the world. On the

stage he often wore tiny moustaches, huge pants and tai 1 coats that were perhaps more characteristic of

Europeans and may be not much of the British. Since more than half of the roles Chaplin played were

in silent films, people throughout the world had no difficulty understanding his films. With sound

movies, Chaplin created a nonsense 1anguage that sounded 1ike no known national ity and was accepted

and appreciated by people al 1 over the world. For most of his 1 ifetime he did not stay in his mother country; he traveled throughout the world to appear on stage for people of different nationalities Unit 3 Section A Vocabulary HI. I. raw 2. convicted 3. compensation 4. notify 5. provisions 6. receipt 7. paste 8. altered 9. thrive 10. certify Exercises on

Web course only: II. donation 12. roast 13. rent 14. champion 15. temptation IV 1. up 2. to 3. down 4. of 5. out 6. into 7. for 8. on 9. through 10. of V. 1. Collocation VI. 1. respect 2. degree 3. money 4. living 5. praise 6. place 7. success 8. scholarship 9. job 10. reputation Word BuiIding VII. 1. longish 2. animal-1 ike 3. selfish 4. honey-1 ike 5. ball-like 6. boyish 7. yellowish 8. bookish VTTI. 1. politicians 2. technician 3. comedian 4. musicians 5. physicians 6. electricians sentence structure IX. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. X. 1. 2. 3. 4. M 2. E 3. G 4. A 5. II 6. C 7. 1 8. K 9. 0 10. D The wanted man is believed Many people are said to be Three men are said to have

The prisoner is thought to 1.

beautician 8. magician to be living in New York. homeless after the floods. been arrested after the explosion. have escaped by climbing over the wall. Four people are reported to have been seriously injured in the accident. He tried sending her flowers, but it didn ,t have any effect- I don ,t regret telling her what I thought, even if I upset her. The window was broken because T forgot to close it when I left. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are out of stock.

5.Ho welcomed the new student and then went on to explain the college regulations. Translation


1.Seven or eight officials are reported to have taken bribes and the mayor has decided to look into the

affair in person.

2.These workers regret yielding to the management J s advice and going back to work. Now they are

again faced with the threat of losing their jobs.

3.You only need to fill out a form to get your membership, which entitles you to a discount on goods.

4.Their car broke down halfway for no reason. As a result they arrived three hours

later than they had


5.The official got involved in a scandal and was forced to resign weeks later.

6.The man living on welfare began to bui Id up his own market, one step at a time and his business is











I. B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. B 6. A 7. D 8. C 9. A 10. B

II. D 12. A 13. C 14. B 15. D 16. B 17. C 18. A 19:D 20. B

structured Writing


Tt i s difficult to get a wel fare cl i ent" s wheelchair repaired. Once my wheel chair needed repairing,

and I notified my caseworker. She gave me a lecture that I hadn' t taken good care of my wheelchair.

Then she told me that I must have the patience to wait until she had the time to report my wheel chai r

conditions to my medical worker. Then the medical worker called the wheelchair repair companies

to get the cheapest bid and informed the main welfare office at the state capital. It took them another

several days to consider the matter. When they final 1 y got my wheelchair repaired,

1. superpower

2. 5. supercomputer VTTI.

1. auto-timer

2. 5. autobiography

I had been confined

to bed for more than half a month. Unit 4 Section A Vocabulary III.

1. investment

2. disposal

3. condensed

4. strategic

5. revenue

6. scratch

7. utilities

8. invested

9. nowhere 10. transmission TV.

1. is lagging far behind

2. are stuck with

3. going for

4. remain in contact

5. keep pace with

6. at your disposal

7. dates from

8. scratched the surface of

9. stuck in 10. choose between V.

1. L

2. N

3. D

4. E 5JI 6. 1 7. F 8. 0 9. 1 10. B Collocation VI.

1. exchange

2. growth

3. opportunities

4. understanding

5. benefits

6. peace

7. development

8. career

9. will 10. status Word Bui 1 di ng

VIL superabundant 3. supermarket 4. super-speed

6. superman

7. superstar

8. super-efficient auto-focus 3. autograph 4. auto-reverse 6. automakers 7. autoloading 8. autocriticism sentence structure IX

1. Concentrate on indoor delights rather than outdoor fights and

you'll be much better appreciated.

2. As a result of the development of computer technology many people may eventually be able to

work at home rather than go to the office.

3. Some people say that the pupils' achievements this term wi11 be measured by a formal test rather

than their teacher" s assessment.

4. They argued that their products should be developed on the basis of need rather than profit.

5. During weekends the businessmen may spend time establ ishing friendship and mutual trust rather

than discussing any particular item of business. X.

1. Petrol now is twice as expensive as it was a few years ago.

2. Theirs is about three times as big as ours.

3. Latin American customers talk two to four times as long on the phone as people in

North America.

4.the fee for cell phones is typical ly twice as much as for cal ls made over fixed lines

5.can transmit 250,000 times as much data as a standard telephone wire Translation


1.Rather than invest in my education, my parents spent their money on a new house.

2.Today, people are spending twice as much on entertainment and relaxation as they did in the past.

3.In order to be successful, a business must keep pace with developments in the marketplace.

4.Her fluency in English gave her an advantage over other girls for the job.

5.For students, nowhere is better than the library, where all the books are at their disposal.

6.We should make full use of the platform to strengthen communication, expand cooperation in more

areas and seek further development through joint efforts.












1 . C 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. D

11. A 12. C 13. B 14. D 15. C 16. D 17. B 18. A 19. C 20. C

Structured Writing


Compare the new welfare system with the old one and you would find a world of

difference between

the two. Under the new welfare system, the law encourages welfare clients to work on their own for a

gradual shift away from welfare, and this is not the case i n the past. Wei fare cl i ents now can develop

their talents to make money. In the past, they often cheated to bleed the system for a few extra dollars.

Now caseworkers wi11 gladly help their clients find appropriate jobs rather than act

like detectives to

try to seek out any unreported properties. Today many welfare clients have made a choice to live a life

of complete honesty and they tell the truth to caseworkers and declare any extra income they make.

In cases like this, caseworkers will feel greatly relieved because they don't need to search for any cheating as in the past.

Unit 5

Section A

Comprehension o f the text


1.Because 22 million people live alone, which suggests that it is an overwhelming phenomenon in the

Uni ted States.

2.Because they can find inspiration in solitude.

3.The more positive one is toward onesel f, the less the need for staying wi th others.

4.It depends. If they live with their friends, the friends' temporary leaving will be received as a

welcome change. However, if they 1 ive alone, the temporary absence of friends may leave them with a feeling of emptiness.

5.Because the need to talk is the most basic need of a solitary person.

6.They may call friends to tell them important things, or talk to themselves, their pets, the television,

or even to strangers-

7.To stay rational, settle down in a comfortable way and find pleasure from the

current life,, wait for

anything happy that may happen.

8.The writer thinks that as ordinary people,s solitary 1ife differs from that of great minds (like poets

and philosophers), they should cherish the thought that "since we are here, we may as wel1 accept it

and make the best of it〃.



1. humble

2. slippery

3. tame

4. inspiration

5. crept


7. observation

8. dictate

9. inadequate 10. solitary Exercises on Web course only:

1L choked 12. waterproof 13. poetry 14. commodity

5 .

X . Men are never so peaceful, so graceful with each other as they are now.

You might as well go there to see whether there is the information you need. We


4.We We might









we 11

we 11

we 11





it freedom.

and tel 1 them you're going to visit them,


an easier one to read.

man is not so innocent as he appears.


1.cast out

2. all by himself

3. stay up late

4. was fond of

5. at one sitting

6.filled up with

7. speaks highly of

8. set forth

9. at length 10. for the time being V.

l.K 2.H 3. M 4.B 5. A 6.0 7. J 8. D 9. F 10. 1 Collocation


1. efficiency

2. status

3. performance

4. standard

5. coordination


7. career

8. quality

9. supply 10. accuracy Word Cjuifdin8


1. underestimated

2. underpaid

3. overslept

4. Underdeveloped


6. overcharged

7. underweight

8. overloaded vni.

1. simplified

2. electrician

3. recovery

4. chiIdlike


6. under1ine

7. terrorist

8. overreact sentence structure IX.

1. The distance between them is not so great as to be unbridgeable.

2? The unity of the masses with the party is never so strong as it is now.

3.The punishment was harsh because Maggie would lose her position, but it was not so bad as losing

her pay.

4.r ve heard the terrible noise once or twice before, but never so loud as this




1.This little

2.There,s nothing T can do about the problem, so you might as wel 1 turn to Professor

Wang for help.

3.Both sides speak highly of the fruits in their cooperation in different areas, and hope that the cooperation can be furthered.

4.On the one hand, an image of being close to the people can get a new policy more easily accepted.

On the other hand, it will "encourage people to speak their minds and come up with constructive suggestions^.

5.His sense of lonel iness rose and fel l and he sometimes woul d tai k at 1 ength to himself and his pets

and the television.

6.After all, money is not everything. The richest people are not necessarily the happiest.














I. B 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. C 6.C 7. D 8. D 9. B 10. A

II. C 12. B 13. A 14. C 15. D 16. B 17. C 18. A 19. D 20. C

Structured Writing

XV. Some people prefer to live alone whereas some others have to live alone for one reason or another.

Those people believing in inspirational solitude argue that no companion is more companionable than

solitude. Literary giants such as William Wordsworth, John Milton and Henry Thoreau enjoyed living

alone on purpose. Hunters or explorers enjoy themselves as they venture out to tame the great wild

areas. On the other hand, there are some other people who have to 1ive alone due to various reasons:

being divorced, widowed or never married. Many of them feel bitter to live in solitude. They have no

one to talk to and as a result they talk at length to themselves and to their pets and to the television.

Unit 6

Section A vocabulary

1 . Substantial 2. concerning 3. negotiation 4. exaggerate 5. wi thdrawn

6 . commi ssions 7. financed 8. secure 9. impose 10. donation


V 1 . by 2. in 3. of 4. to 5. up


7. with

8. in

9. in 10. between



2. E

3. G

4. 1

5. J

6. B

7. K

8. N

9. M 10. D Collocation


2. reward

3. protection

4. honor

5. advice


7. advantages

8. help

9. sympathy 10. understanding Word Building VTT.

1 . foresight 2. forewarned 3. foreground 4. postgraduate

5 . post-race 6. foresaw 7. post-Christmas 8. post-election


1 . e-shopper 2. e-merchant 3. e-journal 4. e ^classroom

5e-commerce e-mail 7. e-dictionaries 8. e-cash

sentence structure


1.It's pointless to go there next Monday-there's a public hoiiday.

2.It is easy to talk about having high moral standards, but, in practice, what would one really do in

such a situation?

3.It is interesting to see different cultures and ways of life.

4.It is really astonishing that she refuses to talk to you.

5.It is important that she come straight to me when she arrives.


1.Suppose you object to carrying out a particular managem_ent order and you are afraid of the

manager, what would you do?

2.Suppose you have just got married and you are about to work abroad for three years, how would

you explain it to your newly-married wife?

3.Suppose someone couldn't understand why you didn,t arrest Harry, would you explain to remove

the doubts?

4.Suppose your tenant fails to pay the rent in time, would you throw him out?

5.Suppose you are a very heavy smoker and are anxious to break the habit, where could you get help?



1. Suppose you found out that your col 1 eague takes bribes, would you just ignore it? 2? We've given up on him because he is so stubborn. It is pointless to argue with him.

3.He hit upon a good method to speed up the progress of the experiment, but opinions differed among

members of the group on it.

4.Today I'm able to square my profession with my interest, which 1 wasn,t able to do before.

5.The abi 1 i ty to visual ly di stingui sh between red and green i s essential to becoming a driver.

6.The team consisted of seven people who met on a regular basis to share their information with each











I. A 2. D 3. C 4.B 5. B 6. D 7. A 8. C 9. C 10. A

II? B 12. D 13. B 14. A 15. C 16. D 17. B 18. C 19. D 20. B


Typically there are two kinds of people who choose to live alone on purpose. The first group of people

is artists- They bel ieve in the inspiration in sol i tude. One of my friends is a writer. He enjoys the time

when he is alone because he can stay up late to read and, above all, concentrate on his writing without

fear of being interrupted by others. On his wal 1 he posts a quotation from Thoreau: never found

the companion that was so companionable as solitude- 〃The second group consists of people who

arc disappointed with their marriage or fami ly 1 ife. A woman I know has been living alone since her

husband 1 eft her five years ago. She is not waiting for his return but she is just disappointed with life.


Section A Vocabulary III.


2. biased

3. variation

4. potential

5. Confronted


7. descended

8. distinct

9. superficial 10. extensive


1.to date

2. in effect

3. nothing less than

4. As of

5.in combination with

6. Tn addition to

7. shed new light on

8. is. . . confined to

9. serve as 10. adapt to


1. K

2. 0

3. C

4. F

5. J

6. 1

7. G

8. A

9. M 10. E


1. awards

2. chailenges

3. component

4. advances 5- changes


7. influence

8. effect

9. objective 10. threat Word Building


1. privacy

2. intimacy

3. frequency

4. fluency

5. secrecy

6. urgency

7. consistency

8. dependency

1. politics

2. classics

3. electronics

4. economics

5. psychology

6. methodology

7. technology

8. biology sentence structure


1.Being healthy is more than a question of not being ill.

2.I was more than a little upset at not being invited to the wedding.

3.This story is more than interesting; it is educational as well.

4.Hepworth is more than a filmmaker; he had learnt to find stories that would have genuine popular


https://www.sodocs.net/doc/7a4747801.html,pared our achievements today with what we started out to be, it is more than a miracle brought

about by years of exceptional 1y hard work.


1.What was needed was nothing less than a new industrial revolution.

2.This is nothing less than a call to restore the vitality of the American Dream.

3.Their dream was nothing less than a revolutionary project to bring computers and ordinary people


4.The experience of sightseeing in the wonderful island is nothing less than exciting and I am moved

to tears.

5.He was very concerned that she should not be tired or bored; he wanted to make sure that the

holiday would be nothing less than perfect for hen



1.Tn the process of creating the genetic map, these scientists realized that cooperation was more than

an attractive option; it was a responsibility.

2.Their research findings were nothing less than a miracle. As a result of their findings, new light has

been shed on the history of human genes.

3.In fact, only hard work in combination with proper methods will give you an advantage over others.

4.The judge said the punishment wou1d serve as a warning to others.

5.The risk of infection is confined to those who have close contact with the patients.

6.From such an analysis we are in a better position to understand what has happened and what to do

about it.

















1 . A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. D 6.C 7. B 8. A 9. D 10. C lb B 12. A 13. A 14. B 15. D 16. C 17.

D 18. B 19. A 20. B


Section A

Comprehension o f the text


1.They hid behind their curtains and peered at the travelers cautiously.

2.Tt means that the smal 1 town was a stage where the different travelers who passed

by were actors

revealing themselves to the audience-the villagers.

3.Probably there were different ways of greetings between them, so there might be some misunderstandings or inappropriate responses.

4.Because she wanted to sing and dance so much that she thought the money was given as


discouragement rather than an encouragement.

5.When she left her hometown of Eatonville for Jacksonville at thirteen, she

experienced a huge

change and she was aware that she was black.

6.It means that she was not emotionally disturbed by the fact that she was a descendent

of slaves. She

felt good about herself.

7.The writer compared herself to a brown bag of mixed items propped up against a wal1

wi th other


8.As is described, the contents revealed are nothing but common objects. It suggests

that for ordinary

people, no matter whether they are white or black, they share something in common. Vocabulary


1. cautiously

2. bribing

3. disapprove(d)

4. tendency

5. permanent


7. fragrance

8. guarantee

9. exclusively 10. generously


1. peering at

2. be broken off

3. disapproved of

4. prop up

5. In the main

6.in company with

7. in that

8. pay the price

9. belong to 10. more or less


1. L


3. Il

4. D

5. 1

6. E

7. N

8. K

9. G 10. B Collocation

1 . plans 2? 1 ifestyle 3. fact 4. policies 5. rules


7. world

8. voice

9. inheritance 10. content

Word Building


1. dued

2. demobilized

3. deregulated

4. decentralized

5. dcstabi1izing

6. depersonalized

7. de-emphasize

8. decoded VTTI.

1. retirees

2. interviewees

3. trainee

4. employees

5. escapees

6. addressee 1. devotee 8. divorcee sentence structure


1. I know she isn't really interested in window-shopping, but she doesn, t mind waiting while T have a look.

2? If people don't mind my not having a degree, I could give a few music lessons!

3.People don't mind paying a lot more for good software because they can see the benefits of using it.

4.1 don't mind if people perceive me as arrogant. You need certain degree of it to succeed.

5.We don't mind if it takes time for people to express their hopes, goals, fears, and needs in their



1.No friends came to see her; she shut herself off, in the old familiar world of bedroom and drawing


2.No cigarette end could give us any clue to or sign of anyone having ever been there-

3.No gas, no water and no electricity in the hospital! How could you expect the

chiIdren to survive


4.No other information is given about the book itself, al though there i s a brief biographical, note about

the writer.

5.No effort has been made to investigate the "disappearances" that have occurred over the past three




1.1 don,t mind his staying out so late as long as he behaves himself.

2.1 prefer his plan to others in that I think no plan is more practical than his.

3.They broke off business relations with that company as it suffered huge losses in the last fiscal year

and went bankrupt.

4.Now that you don't like him, why did you invite him to your birthday party in the

first place?

5.Though we knew our chances to win were slim, we were more or less depressed when we lost in the


6.Perhaps this was the price that has to be paid for progress-who knows?












I. B 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. A 6. D 7. A 8. B 9. B 10. C

II? A 12. B 13. A 14. B 15. B 16. D 17. C 18. D 19. D 20. A

Structured Writing


Smal l in size and 1 ight in weight, electronic dictionaries are convenient to use. They are easy to carry and students can take them anywhere they go. Whenever they come across a new word in reading, they can find out its meaning wi the help of an electronic dictionary. An electronic dictionary usual 1y contains

the information of several paper dictionaries. When students have one such dictionary, they actually

have more than one dictionary in hand. Meanwhile, electronic dictionaries are time-saving. They save

students from turning pages over to find the word. Instead, they only need to key in the word and the

meaning will appear on the screen. Considering all the above factors, no wonder more and more students

are using electronic dictionaries nowadays

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