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BOOK 1 - Unit 1 - Language Focus - V ocabulary

1. Alan was always in trouble with the police when he was young but he's now a [respectable] married man.

2. The people who had been hurt in the car accident lay screaming in [agony].

3. Because his condition's not serious they've [put] his name [down] on the hospital waiting list.

4. The second part of the book describes the strange [sequence] of events that lead to the King's fall from power.

5. When I saw my little boy crying bitterly over the death of his pet dog, I could hardly [hold back] my tears.

6. They are going to [distribute] those clothes and blankets among the flood victims (受害者).

7. Linda managed to support herself by working [off and on] as a waitress.

8. Parts of my childhood are so [vivid] to me that they could be memories of yesterday.

9. People often [associate] the old days with good times, and seem to forget the hardship they suffered.

10. Andrew [finally] decided, after much thought, to leave his job.

11. Jane's worried she won't be able to [turn in] her paper on time.

12. The President came under attack from all sides for his inability to [tackle] the country's severe social problems.

2. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning. The first part has been written for you.

1. They have sent George to the newspaper's Paris office. (assign)

-----George [has been assigned to the newspaper's Paris office].

2. What the man told us was well beyond what was usual, so I didn't know whether to believe him or not. (extraordinary)

------The man's story [was so extraordinary that I didn't know whether to believe him or not].

3. A clear picture was formed in her mind of how she would look in twenty years' time. (image)

----She had [a clear image of how she would look in twenty years' time] .

4. On an order from the officer the soldiers opened fire. (command)

-----When the officer [gave the command the soldiers opened fire].

5. We'll keep producing bikes as long as they remain in demand. (turn out)

----As long as people keep [buying bikes we'll keep turning them out]

3. Complete the following, using the words or phrases in brackets. Make additions or changes where necessary.

1. Mr. Green has a [reputation] as a dull lecturer. He's [rigid] and old-fashioned, and doesn't seem to have the faintest idea of how [to inspire]. (inspire, reputation, rigid)

2. David's essays are long [and tedious] to read. [What's more],his arguments are often based on [out of date ideas]. (out of date, what's more, tedious)

3. I was pleasantly surprised at my ability to [compose] an essay that the professor chose to read to the class. It was without doubt one of the happiest moments in my school [career], but I did my best to [avoid showing] pleasure. When the professor offered me his congratulations, however, I could [hardly hold back] a smile. (career, avoid, compose, hold back)

BOOK 1 - Unit 1 - Language Focus - Synonyms in Context

Put into each gap a word from the text similar in meaning to the word(s) in italics.

1. Many people know who wrote the song, but it seems none has any idea of who [composed] the music.

2. The first time she met the class, Miss White wore a [severe] black dress and plain black shoes.

3. Our neighbor's seven-year-old son has got a severe pain in his chest. Last night we heard him crying off and on in [agony].

4. My cousin first met his future wife Ruth in very unusual circumstances — they were both trying to get into the same taxi. I often think the whole thing was quite [extraordinary].

5. The policeman asked the old lady to try to [recall] as much about the accident as possible, but all she could remember was seeing a car racing in her direction and her husband knocked down.

6. In the old days orders from the head of a family had to be obeyed. His wish was taken as a [command].

7. When my car was stopped by the police I was sure I had broken some traffic rule or other without realizing it. Then I heard one of them say I [was violating] the law by not wearing a seat belt.

8. Jim did not [anticipate] any trouble, but we considered everything carefully and expected the worst.

BOOK 1 - Unit 1 - Language Focus - Collocation

Can you put an appropriate preposition into each gap in the following sentences?

1. My sister was angry [at] finding me asleep instead of doing my share of the housework.

2. Adam is so hungry[for] success that he'll spare no efforts to achieve it.

3. I'm tired [of] you telling me what to do all the time.

4. You'll have to be patient [with] my aunt ─she's old and forgetful.

5. Virginia is famous [as] the birthplace of American presidents.

6. Are you all clear now [about] what you have to do?

7. Their views on the question are opposite [to] ours.

8. Fats and sugar are very rich [in] energy but poor [in] vitamins and minerals.

9. When I finally met him, I found he was completely different [from] his photograph.

10. How much you get paid is dependent [on / upon] how much you produce.

BOOK 1 - Unit 1 - Language Focus - Comprehensive Exercises

1. Complete the following letter with words chosen from the Words and Phrases to Drill box. Change the form where necessary.

Dear Aunt Pat,

Today my English teacher chose my essay to read to the class. I had tried to make it funny ─and it worked! Everybody laughed. Even prim Mr. Fleagle had to struggle to [hold back] (1) a smile. Afterwards lots of people offered me their congratulations.

I was more surprised than anybody. As you know, I used to find our English exercises rather [tedious] (2), but this time when I [scanned] (3) the list of essay titles one caught my eye. It was "The Art of Eating Spaghetti." Do you [recall] (4) that night in Belleville when you made us all spaghetti? It remains [vivid] (5) to me. Especially all the good-humored arguments we had about the proper way to eat it. So that's what I wrote about.

I've had the idea [off and on] (6) for some time now that one day I might take up writing. If I can [turn out / turn in] (7) more work like that perhaps I really will be able to make a [career] (8) of it.

Best wishes,


2. Read the following passage carefully until you have got its main idea, and then select one appropriate word for each gap from the box following the passage.

About twenty of us schoolchildren had been fortunate enough to receive invitations to a film-studio (电影摄影棚) to take part in a crowd-scene. Although our "act" would only [last] (1) for three minutes, we were given the opportunity to see quite a number of interesting things.

Soon after we arrived, bright lights were turned on. Since it was very hot in the studio, it

came as a [surprise] (2) to us to see one of the actors put on a heavy overcoat. He [pulled] (3) a hat down over his eyes, put his hands in his pockets, and started walking along a winding path. A big fan began to [blow] (4) small white feathers down on him, and soon the bare trees were covered in "snow". Two more fans were turned on, and a "strong wind" whistled through the trees. The first actor was dragging through the snow when the second, [dressed] (5) as a beggar, began walking towards him trembling with cold.

The next [scene] (6) was a complete contrast (对照). The way it was filmed was quite [extraordinary] (7). Pictures taken on an island in the Indian Ocean were shown on a glass screen. An actor and an actress stood in front of the [image] (8) so that they looked as if they were at the water's edge on an island.

Since it was our [turn] (9) next, we were left wondering what scene would be prepared for us. For a full three minutes in our lives we would be experiencing the [excitement] (10) of being film "stars"!

3. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or phrases in brackets.

1. 那是个正规宴会,我照妈妈对我讲的那样穿着礼服去了。(formal)

[As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.]

2. 他的女友劝他趁抽烟的坏习惯尚未根深蒂固之前把它改掉。(take hold)

[His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold.]

3. 他们预料到下几个月电的需求量很大,决定增加生产。(anticipate)

[Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.]

4. 据说比尔因一再违反公司的安全规章而被解雇。(violate)

[It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company's safety rules/Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company's safety rules.]

5. 据报道地方政府已采取适当措施避免严重缺水(water shortage)的可能性。(avoid, severe) [It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage./The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.]

4. Translate the following passage into English, using the words and phrases given below.

Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn't know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.

One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye / she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.

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