1 独立思考能力是大学生必备的素质之一。(think for yourself; quality)
The ability to think for yourself is one of the qualities that college students must have.
2 虽然大家对这部电影好评如潮，我却不怎么喜欢这部电影。(despite; not think much of)
Despite all the good comments the film received, I didn’t think much of it.
3 有陌生人或外国人在场时，她总是不愿意说话。(in the presence of sb; reluctant)
In the presence of strangers or foreigners she is always reluctant to talk.
4 正要离开书店时，他发现了自己一直在寻找的一本书。(be about to do sth)
He was about to leave the bookshop when he found a book that he had been looking for.
5 会上，大家对如何提高学生的阅读技能进行了更详细的探讨。(at length)
How to improve students’ reading skills was discussed at greater length at the meeting.
1 But in most circles, particularly in places that shape our lives –families, schools and most workplaces –thinking for yourself is regarded with suspicion.
2 Hardly anyone has been encouraged, much less trained, to think for themselves, and their teachers and parents and bosses weren’t ei ther.
3 I saw the girl across the aisle from me lean forward and peer over the
shoulder of the boy in front of her who was scribbling something
4 I was too scared around that teacher for the rest of my young life to think very well in her presence
5 Had she affirmed our intelligence first and spoken about the joy of thinking for ourselves, had she not fanned our fear of her, we would all have learned even more powerfully what it meant to do our thinking.
1 虽然体育运动的形式多种多样，但它们有一个共同之处：所有的运动都是为了增强人们的体质。(despite; have … in common)
Despite the different forms of sports, they have one thing in common: All of them are to strengthen people’s health.
2 四年一次的奥运会对促进各国间的友谊起着重要作用。(play a … role; promote)
The Olympic Games, which take place every four years, play an important role in promoting friendship between different countries.
3 两国间的文化交流在中断了两年后，于去年重新开始。(exchange; resume)
After having stopped for two years, cultural exchanges between the two countries resumed last year.
4 体育锻炼是很重要，但它代替不了健康的饮食。(substitute for)
Physical exercise is important, but it is no substitute for healthy diet.
5 在中国，只要说到国球，人们自然会想到乒乓球。(whenever; speak of)
Whenever people speak of the national ball in China, people will think of table tennis.
1 It is true that in the ancient period, the Silk Road served as a channel
of trade and cultural exchange between the East and West, which may have allowed an awareness of the ancient Olympic movement to pass from Greece to China.
2 Yet sport appears to play a more fundamental and deeply-rooted role
in national culture and socio-political life in all social communities at all times
3 In due course, these same skills were called into play not just in the Olympic Games but also in the sporting events which were held in China and elsewhere.
4 Sport was used as a form of military training, to improve an army’s
ability to beat the enemy with or without weapons
5 The Greek philosopher Plato advised that physical training and health education should be included in the school curriculum, alongside philosophy, music, literature and gymnastics
1 新闻工作者的职责是提供真实准确的报道，因为公众有权知道事实的真相。(accurately; be entitled to do)
The responsibility of a journalist is to provide news accurately, for the public are entitled to know about the truth.
2 《中国日报》是中国唯一的全国性英文日报，日发行量达40余万份。(using phrases in apposition)
China Daily, the only national English-language newspaper in China, has a circulation of over 400,000 copies daily.
3.经济发展不能以牺牲环境为代价，否则后患无穷。(at the expense of)
Economic development must not be achieved at the expense of environment, otherwise it will bring endless trouble.
4 这名记者拒绝透露她的消息来源，以免带来不必要的麻烦。(disclose;for fear of doing sth)
The journalist refused to disclose the source of her information, for fear of bringing unnecessary trouble.
5 他因发表有关人权的错误报道而受到指控。(be charged with)
He was charged with publishing false reports on human rights.
1 But he chose to honour his responsibilities towards his editor and the newspaper readers, which was to report what was happening.
2 So should the journalist always stand back and watch while people kill each other, or should they ever get involved as human beings?
3 The news media relies on their journalists’ behaviour in order to support its three most important assets: being professional, reliable and responsible to the public.
4 It needs to be shared by the editors, who sometimes show shots of dead enemy soldiers, in order to convey the tragedy of the war, but not to show shots of our own dead soldiers, for fear of offending both their relatives and the readers.
5 It needs to be shared by the readers, who must accept that an exaggerated or shocking story about a young Hollywood film star may lead to a significant invasion of privacy and even human rights.
No one shall be denied the right to education.
2 很明显，缺少良好的教育是职业发展的一大障碍。(evidently; obstacle to)
Evidently, the lack of a good education is a big obstacle to career development.
3 学业成功固然重要，但我也知道它不是实现梦想的唯一因素。(academic success; do)
Though academic success is important, I do know that it is not the only factor in realizing our dream.
4 希望工程帮助那些因为贫困而辍学的学生重返校园。(drop out)
The Project Hope helps those students who dropped out of school because of poverty return to school.
5 为了孩子能受到良好的教育，父母往往要做出很大牺牲。(make sacrifices)
Parents usually have to make many sacrifices to ensure that their children receive a good education.
1 On occasions like this, you’d expect someone like me to stand before you and give you advice about how to conduct your lives at college over the next three years.
2 I thought we were told that doing well in our studies was the surest way to equip us for the best occupations, and to facilitate something which is in our constitution: the pursuit of happiness.
3 Ever since we began our formal education, we’ve been told time and again that high school dropouts were not meant to be our role models, they were people whose example was to be avoided at all costs.
4 The point is this: Our education system is often too concerned with academic success at the expense of the overall development of the child and the young adult.
5 They need to be taught and constantly reminded by their parents and teachers that they have gifts which can benefit the world and bring them fortune.