Unit 1 Personal Relationship
In-Class Reading The Gift of Life
Words & Usage词汇精讲
e.g. Officials are not planning any drastic action. 官员们没有计划进行大刀阔斧的行动。［快捷记忆］act v. (立即)行动
e.g. Had the rescue workers not acted so swiftly, he would have died.
e.g. The outcome of the basketball game was in the balance until the last minute. 那场篮球赛直到最后一分钟也没决出胜负。
e.g. I found it very hard to keep my balance on the icy path.我感到在结冰的小路上行走很难保持身体平衡。
e.g. Nine people died and 54 were injured in the accident.
e.g. Dishonesty injures a business.
e.g. He hurt my hand by twisting it.
e.g. Poor eating habits impair health.
Building workers risk injury by not wearing helmets.
4. insert v. 插入，嵌入
e.g. Heng was quickly laid on a bed, his arm cleaned with alcohol, and the needle inserted
into his arm.
e.g. “Whistle” is not written like that. You have to insert a “t” between the “s” and the “l”.［快捷记忆］insertion n. （into/of）插入，插入物
5.occasional adj. 偶尔的，间或发生的
e.g. But now his occasional sob turned to a steady, silent crying...
e.g. Joe is a solid player with occasional flashes of brilliance.
［快捷记忆］occasion n. 时刻，时机，机会，特殊（或）重大场合
e.g. We tested a similar product on an earlier occasion.
e.g. The trip we took together gave us an occasion to get better acquainted.
e.g. I only wear a tie on special occasions.
6. relief n. 痛苦等）缓解，减轻，解除：（痛苦、忧虑等消除后感到的）轻松，宽心，宽慰
e.g. When she nodded, a look of great relief spread over his face.
e.g. They felt relief when the crisis was over.
e.g. The medicine the doctor gave me brought relief to my headache.
［快捷记忆］relieve v. 减轻，缓解；使宽心，使宽慰
e.g. Anxiety may be relieved by talking to friends.
e.g. I was greatly relieved at the news.
7. stiff adj. 硬的，僵直的，（手脚等）不灵活的
e.g. Through all of this Heng lay stiff and silent.
e.g. His legs felt stiff from having sat for so long.
8. wide-eyed adj.睁大眼睛的
e.g. Their request was met with wide-eyed silence.
wide（形容词）+ eye(名词) + ed = 形容词
Difficult Sentences 难句详解
1.They quickly found the young girl to be badly injured, and it was clear that without immediate
action, she would die from loss of blood and shock. (Line 5，Para3)
该句中clear 常可被其他形容词替换如：it is obvious that, it is apparent that, it is evident that 等，例：
It is clear to us that they don't want to do that.
It was apparent that he was in no condition to travel.
It was evident that she liked him still.
2. Using what little common language they could find, together with a lot of sign language, they
tried to explain to the frightened children that unless they could give some blood to their little friend she would certainly die. (Line 16)
该句的主干部分是they tried to explain…，其中Using 加宾语从句在句中充当伴随状语，the frightened children 是句子的间接宾语，that 引导的从句为直接宾语。
3. Heng was quickly laid on a bed, his arm cleaned with alcohol, and the needle inserted into his arm. (Line 27)
注意本句中分词的独立结构：his arm cleaned with alcohol, and the needle inserted into his arm 表示伴随情况。
But now his occasional sob turned to a steady, silent crying, his eyes held tightly shut, his fist in his mouth trying to stop his sobs.(伴随动作)
Nobody having any more to say, the meeting was closed. (原因)
Weather permitting, we’ll go there on foot. (条件)
4. But now his occasional sob turned to a steady, silent crying, his eyes held tightly shut, his fist in his mouth trying to stop his sobs.
句中his eyes held tightly shut和his fist in his mouth trying to stop his sobs是带有自己主语的独立结构，表伴随情况。
5. Greater love has no man than this, that he lay down his life for a friend.
这句话出自《圣经》（The Bible），原句为：Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friend。
该句为倒装句，句中that he lay down his life for his friend是this的同位语。把宾语greater love放在句首，起强调作用。本句的正常语序为：No man has greater love than this, that he lay down his life for his friend.
We All Need Friends
Words & Usage词汇精讲
1.accidental adj. 意外的，偶然（发生）的
It was suggested that the fire was not accidental.
［快捷记忆］accident n. 交通事故，意外事件accidentally adv. 偶然地
by accident 偶然，无意中
by accident of凭着……的机遇（或运气）
without accident 顺利而安全的
2．appreciate v. (l.9)
［用法1］to recognize with gratitude感谢，感激
e.g. All of us appreciate the support and help which friends give us.
I’d highly appreciate it if you can give us an early reply.
［用法2］to value or admire highly 欣赏，鉴赏
e.g. It is a pleasure to appreciate the works of such a great artist.
3. chase v. 追逐，追求，追捕
e.g. Chasing books called for by readers is part of a librarian’s work.
Many men become workaholic, chasing success and often neglecting their wives and
［词组与搭配］：in chase of
4. date v. 与（异性朋友）约会。n.（尤指男女间的）约会
She has been dating the boy for months.
5. deny v. 拒绝给予，拒绝……的要求，否认，不承认
e.g. The court denied his request for a new trial. 法院拒绝了他提出的复审要求。
He denied it to be the case. 他说事实不是这样。
［词组与搭配］deny oneself 克制自己
deny oneself to 不会见，谢绝
e.g. My mother denied herself constantly.
She denies herself to all visitors.
6．hesitate v. 犹豫，踌躇
e.g. Don’t hesitate to call me if you need any help.
7. rewarding adj. 值得做的，有益的
e.g. Our journey to the Yukon was a very rewarding experience.
8. survive v. 经历……后继续存在，幸存，活下来
e.g. Of all the museum’s paintings, only one survived the fire.
［快捷记忆］survival n. 幸存，残存，继续存在
e.g. In these jungle areas, every day is a fight for survival.
Difficult Sentences 难句详解
1. Having good old friends is a good thing, but making new ones can be even better.
本句中，动名词结构having good old friends和making new ones分别是两个并列句的主语。
2. No matter what age we are, all of us appreciate the support and help which friends give us. 译文不论我们年龄有多大，我们都感激朋友给予我们的支持和帮助。
no matter what 表达让步。
e.g. No matter what you have done before, I’ll forgive you.
3. She’s not just another person I can talk with or wave to as we pass one another on the street, but
a good friend.
I can talk with or wave to前面省略了whom或that, a good friend前省略了She is。as引导时间状语从句。
4. You hesitate and drag your feet because you can’t believe you have to start over again.
drag your feet拖着脚步(故意拖延)；start over重新开始
e.g. I suggest that you tear up the composition and start over again.
该句中用hesitate和drag your fee t 形象地渲染了矛盾、纠结的心理。
5. But when you do, it’s not half as hard as you thought it would be, and it’s twice as rewarding
as you might have hoped.
not half as hard as you thought和twice as rewarding as you might have hoped是对程度的比较，该类比较句的使用中要注意half 和twice 等表达倍数的词的位置。
6.We can be ourselves with our friends, and that is a wonderful thing; too precious a gift to deny other friends.
That指代前面的整个句子“We can be ourselves with our friends”。