We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor.
My father died when I was too young to live on my own. The people
of my hometown took over my upbringing at that point.
The toys have to meet strict safety requirements before they can be sold to children.
Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of news and opinion.
When it comes to this magazine, it is/ carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world.
Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis.
Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.
According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials.
Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river, the old man reported to the police at once.
Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.
The Internet is changing the way people live, whether they are in urban or rural areas.
Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones.
With regard to our term paper, the professor asked us to analyze the unemployment chart first, and then provide critical reflections on the nations economic development.
It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match
by a large margin.
Looking back on my twenty years' teaching in high school, I attribute my success to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.
The volunteers sent by the Red Cross disinfected, with great caution, the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague.
Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed.
Professor Wang received the Presidential Award for his excellence in stimulating students' creative imagination.
As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn't approve of the economic stimulus package.
Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and take up the challenge by himself.
Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice.
I can quote you several instances of her dedication to science. 3.20世纪80年代中国一些经济特区开始迅速发展起来。
The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones in China.
Tension between the two countries stemmed in part from the latest spy affair.
Peter has worked in a law firm for many years. You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf when you need legal help.
The red house stands out against the old trees that reach high up to the sky.
The salary in my new job is great, but for the rest, I’m not satisfied.
The waters of the two streams mingle near our village.
We should not mock at other people’s religious beliefs.
The curtains of the room are not quite in tune with the style of the furniture.
I grew terribly scared when I heard sound of footsteps echoing round the hallway at midnight yesterday.
The name-brand sports shoes are guaranteed for 12 months.
Snowstorms threw communications and transportation into disorder.
I’ve been suffering a lot of stress from work altely. I feel like taking a vacation at the seaside.
Living in an apartment is all right, but it has its limitations---for example, you don’t have your own garden.
Medical experts debated whether the cloning of human beings should be permitted and what its potential effects on society might be.
Eighty-five per cent of the people in the local area are in full-time employment; only3% describe themselves as unemployed.
The departments concerned in China will speed up legislation to protect rights of migrant workers.
In recent years, some psychologists have tried to explain intelligence from a biological standpoint.
The global financial crisis has had a huge impact on that country’s export industry. In no more than six months, many factories have closed down by necessity.
Answer: Young people sometimes complain of being unable to communicate with their parents.
2. 能在中国云南的一个苗家村落住下来一直是玛丽长久以来的梦想，现在她终于梦想成真了。(to take up residence)
Answer: It has been Mary’s long cherished dream to take up residence in a Miao village in Yunnan, China. Now her dream has finally come true.
Answer: Domestic animals are used to depending on humans, so it is difficult for them to survive in the wild.
Answer: He was suddenly overtaken by a fear that he would be laid off by the company because of depression.
Answer: I figure that there is a traffic jam on the route of the bus, for I’ve waited for 30 minutes without seeing one passing by.
Answer: Reporters pressed the spokesman for an explanation of the military attack.
Answer: His election speech failed to convince the voters that he was the right person for the Senate seat.
Answer: While I admit that there are problems, I don’t agree that they cannot be solved.
Answer: His first debate on TV made a deep impression on his audience.
5. 一切事物都是互相联系又互相作用的。(interact with)
Answer: All things are interrelated and interact with each other.
1.思想是通过语言来表达的。(by means of)
Answer: Thoughts are expressed by means of language.
2. 我今年买的新书多得难以数清。(keep count of)
Answer: I have bought so many new books this year that it’s really difficult for me to keep count of them.
3. 这位老太太确信，今天她儿子会回家来为她庆祝生日。(feel assured)
Answer: The old lady feels assured that her son will come back home today to celebrate her birthday.
Answer: His mother insisted that his pocket money should not exceed 100 yuan per month.
Answer: We bought a car last month, which was registered under my name. Unit 4
1.这支乐队20世纪80年代凭借那张专集一举成名。(shoot to fame) Answer: The band shot to fame in the 1980s with that single album.
2. 冒一下险吧，你可能还是会输，但赢的机会却增加了。(take a risk)
Answer: Take a risk, and you may lose again, but you would have improved your chances to win.
3. 科学家正极力研究治愈艾滋病(AIDS) 的良方。(push ... to the limits)
Answer: Scientists are pushing themselves to the limits in their research for finding a cure for AIDS.
Answer: Now we see the point of the Internet: we can get information from all over the world just by clicking the mouse.
5. 一些人认为政府迟早会将克隆人类的研究纳入规范。(regulate; sooner or later)
Answer: Some people believe the government will regulate the research of human cloning sooner or later.
1. 知道原理是一回事，但要付诸实践又是另外一回事。(it’s one thing ... it’s
Answer:It’s one thing to understand the principle, it’s another thing to put it into practice.
2. 据报道，慢跑(jogging) 可将患心脏病的可能性减少三分之二。(less likely)
Answer:It is reported that jogging makes you three times less likely to suffer from a heart attack.
3. 根据最新调查，半数英国人不清楚欧元与英镑的比值。(have no idea / in
Answer:Almost half of the British people have no idea what the euro is worth in relation to the pound, according to the latest survey.
have done Answer:The area should have been made into a park for everyone to enjoy but now some apartment buildings stand there.
5. 不知道所有这些相关信息能否凑成一幅关于他的清晰图画。(add up to)
Answer:I’m wondering whether all the related information could add up to a clear picture of him.
1.他悲叹一声，对我们说他年轻时也曾风光一时。(breathe a sigh of; have seen a
better day) Answer:He breathed a sigh of sorrow and told us that he had seen a better day when he was young.
2.他有极强的责任感，这就是为什么他被选中掌管这个项目。(take control of)
Answer:He has a strong sense of responsibility, and that’s why he is chosen to take control of the project.
it ... or ...) Answer:Wherever you go, be it for business or pleasure, it is always a good idea to find out as much as you can about the place.
4.我们得小心一点，同样的情景可能就要出现。(be about; repeat)
Answer:Let’s be careful. The situation may be about to repeat itself.
matter) Answer:In fact, the air quality of a house has a great deal to do with children’s health, and adults’ health for that matter.
1.许多人认为这种药有助于睡眠，而我只能暗自感叹：“要是他们知情就好了。”(al l I
can think; if ... only) Answer:A lot of people believe that these pills help them sleep. All I can think is, “if they only knew.”
2. 他一直在琢磨这个问题，直到把它完全解决为止。(chip away at)
Answer:He kept chipping away at the problem until he had completely solved it.
3. 这位乡下孩子接触到了城里种种陌生的事物。他感到十分惊讶，仿佛自己进入了未来世界一般。(be exposed to; as if)
Answer:The country boy was exposed to many strange things in the city. He felt greatly shocked as if he had entered a future world.
from ... to ...; pursue)
Answer:Within only one year of graduating from college, he went from a student who pursued his dream to a person who didn’t care about a thing.
5. 我已经获准进入那个地区进行采访，这可不是人人都能得到的机会。(be given
I have been given permission to do the interview in that area, and that’s not something that everyone gets.
1、我不曾想到，随着时间的流逝，我果真以身为社工而自豪（count on；take pride in）What I didn’t count on was that over time I would sincerely take pride in being a social worker. 2、奶奶迅速瞥了一眼墙上的时钟，发出一声惊呼：天哪，我们要赶不上火车了（Shoot a look at；let out） Shooting a quick look at the clock on the wall, Grandma let out a cry, “Oh, My dear /My goodness/My gracious, we’re going to miss the train!” 3、我总在幼儿园门口看到一些孩子抓住父母不让走。请问：在这种情形下，年轻的父母们是否得对孩子严厉些，赶紧离开？(stern;hold on to sb) At the kindergarten entrance, I always see some kids/children holding firmly on to their parents. Should young parents be sterner towards their kids/children and leave immediately under these circumstances? 4、昏暗的路灯下站着一个哭泣的小女孩（dim;weep） In the dim street light stood a weeping little girl/ a girl weeping. 5、富人捐赠时要尽量考虑周全，不要让受赠者陷入难堪的境地(considerate;embarrassing) When making donations, rich people should be as considerate as possible in order not to put the recipient in an embarrassing situation. 6、从上个月起，我的工作就是围绕日常办公事务转，所以现在每天掰着手指算什么时候才到国庆节：我和朋友要去乡下远足呢！(revolve;count the days ) Since last month, my work has been revolving around the routine office duties, so now I am counting the days until the National Day comes, when my friends and I are going
Unit 1 Growing Up Ⅱ. Translation 1.那是个正规宴会，我照妈妈对我讲的那样穿着礼服去了。（formal） As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to. 2.他的女朋友劝他趁抽烟的坏习惯尚未根深蒂固之前把它改掉。（take hold） His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold. 3.他们预料到下几个月电的需求量很大，决定增加生产。（anticipate） Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production. 4.据说比尔因一再违反公司的安全规章而被解雇。（violate） It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. / Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. 5.据报道地方政府已采取适当措施避免严重缺水（water shortage）的可能性。 （avoid, severe） It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. /The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. 苏珊（Susan）因车祸失去了双腿。有一段时间，她真不知如何面对自己再也不能行走的事实。 一天，苏珊在浏览杂志时，被一个真实故事吸引住了。那个故事生动地描写了一个残疾（disabled）姑娘是如何成为一位作家的。苏珊读后深受鼓舞，开始相信她最终会成为一个有用的人生活下去。 Inspire vivid scan face up with finally Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again. One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye /she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be bale to lead a useful life. Unit 2 Friendship II. Translation 1)半个小时过去了，但末班车还没来。我们只好走路回家。（go by） Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.
1.发言人明确表示总统在任何情况下都不会取消这次旅行。 The spokesman made it clear that the President would not cancle the trip under any circumstances. 2.我们相信他所说的，因为他受过良好的教育，出生于受人尊敬的家庭，更重要的是他 为人可靠。 We trust what he has said,because he is well educated, comes from a respectable family ,and what’s more ,he is reliable. 3.随后发生的那些事件再次证明了我的猜疑是对的。 The subsequent events once again confirmed that my suspicions were right. 4.在赛后举行记者招待会上，这位足球教练因该队表现不佳而向球迷们致敬。 At the press conference held after the game, the football coach apologized to the fans for his team’s poor performance. 5.令我们吃惊的是，这位常被赞为十分正直的州长竟然是个贪官。 To our surprise ,the governor, who had often been praised for his honesty ,turned out to be a corrupt official. 6.只有少数工人工人得到提升，在这同时却有数百名工人被解雇。 A few workers were promoted ,but meanwhile hundreds of workers were dismissed. 7.如果有机会，约翰也许成为一位杰出的画家了。 Given the chance, John might have been an excellent painter. 8.起初我以为他是开玩笑，可后来我知道他是当真的。 At first I thought he was joking , but soon I realized that he was serious. Unit3 1.许多美国大学生申请政府贷款交付学费。 Many American students apply for government loans to pay for their tuition. 2.除阅读教材外，使用电影和录像会激发学生学习的兴趣。 In addition to reading materials ,the application of films and videotapes can stimulate students’ interest in their study. 3.这位律师试图?服陪审团他的当事人是无辜的。 The attorney tired to convince the jury that his client is innocent. 4.自从20世纪80年代以来，医学方面的科学家们一直在努力寻找治疗艾滋病的方法。 Scientists in medicine have been working at finding a cure for AIDS since the early 1980s. 5.我已经把我的简历寄往几家公司，但尚未收到回复。 I have sent off my resume to a few companies, but haven’t received a reply yet. 6.不少人希望有机会去国外学习，然而仅有少数人有此可能。 Many people wish for a chance to study abroad, but only some of them have it. 7.我们满怀希望地来参加会议，离开时却大失所望。 We came to the meeting with great expectation, but we left very disappointed. 8.尽管这位教授详细地讲解了这一点，但许多学生仍然不理解。 Though the professor explained the point in detail, many students still couldn’t understand it.
1.我们的计算机系统出了毛病，但我觉得问题不大 We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor. 2.父亲去逝的时候我还小,不能独立生活。就在那时，家乡的父老接过了教育我的责任。My father died when I was too young to live on my own. The people of my hometown took over my upbringing at that point. 3.这些玩具必须得达到严格的安全要求后才可出售给儿童 The toys have to meet strict safety requirements before they can be sold to children. 4.作为新闻和舆论的载体，广播和电视补充了而不是替代了报纸。 Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of news and opinion. 5.至于这本杂志，它刊载了世界各地许多报纸杂志上文章的摘要 When it comes to this magazine, it is/ carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world. 1.虽然受到全球金融危机后果的巨大影响，但是我们仍然相信我们能够面对挑战，克服危机。Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis. 2.在持续不断的沙尘暴的威胁下，我们被迫离开我们喜爱的村庄，搬迁到新的地方。 Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement. 3.根据最近的网上调查，许多消费者说他们也许会有兴趣考虑购买电视广告中播放的产品。According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials. 4.看到卡车司机把受污染的废弃物倒在河边，老人马上向警方报告 Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river, the old man reported to the police at once. 5.一些科学家坚信人们总有一天会喜欢转基因农作物的，因为它们能够提高产量，帮助发展 中国家战胜饥荒和疾病 Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world. 1.无论是在城市还是农村，因特网正在改变人们的生活方式。 The Internet is changing the way people live, whether they are in urban or rural areas. 2.和大公司相比，中小公司更容易受到金融危机的威胁。 Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones. 3.关于期末论文，教授要求我们先分析失业图表，然然后对过家的经济发展提供批评性的见解。 With regard to our term paper, the professor asked us to analyze the unemployment chart first, and then provide critical reflections on the nations economic development. 4.他从来也没有想到他们队会大比分赢得那场篮球赛。 It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.
Unit 1 1．我还要感谢那些在我处境艰难时支持我的人。（stick by; fall on hard days） 2．他出版了一本通俗小说，赚了很多钱，所以有能力买新房和轿车。（now that） 3．警察说，他们产生怀疑是因为姑娘的尸体上还有其他印记。（suspicion） 4．你怎么能这样对她说话？是她把你养大，帮你完成学业。（like that） 5．尽管这些学生毕业后的道路会很艰难，但他们的前途却是光明的。（as） 6．为了有足够的钱来经营这个商行，他拍卖了新买的房子，损失了一大笔钱。（at auction）7．他批评警察局长对自己的部门监管不严是完全有道理的。（justify） 8．为吸引外宾，这些受保护的附带建筑被修复的很漂亮。 1. My thanks go to those who still stuck by me when I fell upon dark days. 2. Now that he has published a popular novel which earns him a large amount of money, he is able to buy a new house and a car. 3. The police said that their suspicions were aroused because the girl had other marks on her body. 4. How can you talk to her like that? She is the one who brought you up and helped you finish school. 5. Hard as the road for these students after school will be, their prospects are bright. 6. In order to have enough money to run the business, he sold his newly-bought house at auction even at a substantial loss. 7. He is fully justified in criticizing the police commissioner for poorly supervising his department. 8. These ancient buildings which are under protection have been restored beautifully to attract foreigners. Unit 2 1．大多数缺铁的人并不知道他们缺铁。 2．仅仅查出运输氧气的血液蛋白的含量是不够的。 3．男性也不安全，尤其是那些吃肉少、运动量却很大的男性。 4．属于这些类型的人，最好每年做一次血液检查，看看体内铁质的储量如何。 5．铁质补剂会让人有一种想吐的感觉，有些情况下它们还可能有毒。 6．最好的铁质来源是肉、鸡、枣、豆类以及一些带叶子的绿色蔬菜。 7．有时人们需要服用铁质补剂是因为这些补剂补充了谷类食物中原本含量不多的铁质。8．把番茄酱在铁锅内熬上三小时，其铁的含量会明显增加。 1. Most people with low iron reserves don’t know they have an iron deficiency. 2. It is not sufficient only to check levels of the blood protein that transports oxygen. 3. Men are not safe, especially those who eat little meat and have a high level of physical activity. 4. It’s advisable for people in these groups to have a y early blood test to check blood iron reserves. 5. Iron supplements may produce a feeling of wanting to throw up, and may be poisonous in some cases. 6. The best sources of iron are meat, chicken, fish, dates, beans, and some leafy green vegetables. 7. The reason why people sometimes take iron supplements is that the supplements
单词彩色 The days of my future My future will be happy. I already graduated at that time from the university. I will have a stable work.I will have my family, my husband,and a lovely child. What will be my future job? 我未来的日子 我的未来是美好的。我已经毕业，从大学的时间。我将有一个稳定的工作。我将有我的家人，我的丈夫，和一个可爱的孩子。什么将是我将来的工作？ I have many ideals. I want to work as a singer, stands on the stage sings for the people; I want to work as a nurse, cure illness, brings the health for the people; I want to work as a pilot, drives the airplane in the blue sky; 我有很多理想。我想当一名歌手，站在舞台上唱的人；我想当一名护士，治疗疾病，给人们带来健康；我想当一名飞行员，在蔚蓝的天空中飞机驱动； I want to work as a gardener, with a little bit sweat irrigation flowers, lets our life forever fill the green. After growing up.I want to ba a teacher.I will have many students.Every day I will give many classes to them. I will become a teacher who is always preparing my lessons.I can certainly be a good teacher in the future 我想做一个园丁，带一点汗灌溉的花朵，让我们的生活永远充满绿色。长大以后。我还想做一个老师。我有许多学生。每天我都会向他们许多类。我会成为一名老师，总是准备功课。我一定能够在未来的好老师。 I will also be a volunteer of my city. I will help a great deal of people.Do many meaningful things. I will Make contribution to my city and the society. If I can became an teacher, they are my forever hopes. this will be my future, when a grade teacher's dream. I will have a bright future.Now I will study hard and make preperation for my future. 我也将我的城市志愿者。我会帮助很多人做了很多有意义的事情。我将贡献我的城市和社会。 如果我能成为一个老师，他们是我永远的希望。这将是我的未来，当一级教师的梦想。 我将有一个光明的未来。现在我会努力学习，为我的未来做准备。 翻译 1、我们的计算机系统出了毛病，但我觉得问题比较小。 We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor. 2、父亲去世时我还小，不能独立生活。就在那时，家乡的父老接过了养育我的责任。 My father died when I was too young to live on my own. The people of my hometown took over my upbringing at that point. 3、这些玩具必得在达到严格的安全要求后才可出售给儿童。 The toys have to meet strict safety requirements before they can be sold to children. 4、作为新闻和舆论的载体，广播和电视补充了而不是替代了报纸。
全新版大学英语综合教程3 课后答案UNIT 1 Vocabulary I. 1. 1) on balance 5) illustrated 9) involved 2) resist 6) budget 10) economic 3) haul 7) lowering 11) blasting 4) wicked 8) boundary 12) just about 2. 1)cut back/ down 2) pick up 3) get by 4) get through 5)face up to 6) turn in 7) making up for 8) think up 3. 1) pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy 2) often generate misleading thoughts 3) attach great importance to combining theory with practice in our work 4) be suspected of doing everything for money 5) before he gets through life 4. 1) their indoor, a profit, to invest in 2) device, the improvement, on a global scale 3) stacked, temptation, never dined out
II Confusable Words 1. 1) house 2) Home 3) home, family 4) household 2. 1) doubt 2) suspect 3) doubted 4) suspected 5) suspect III. Word Formation 1) rise 2) final 3) regular 4) cash 5) hows, whys 6) upped 7) yellowed 8) bottled 9) lower 10) search Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze 1. Text-related 1) get by 2) temptation 3) get through 4) improvements 5) aside from 6) suspect 7) supplement 8) profit 9) stacking 2. (Theme-related) 1) replaced 2) consider 3) quit 4) world 5) tough 6) fuels 7) provide 8) luxuries 9) balance 10) ideal II. Translation 1. We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor. 2. My father died when I was too young to live on my own. The people of my hometown took over (responsibility for) my upbringing at that point. 3. The toys have to meet strict/ tough safety requirements before they can be sold to children. 4. Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as
Unit 1 1.听到她屡遭失败的消息，我感到很难过（distress） It distressed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failure. 2.他虽然失去了老板的欢心，但仍然装出一副高兴的样子（assume）He assured an air for cheerfulness, even though he lost favor with his boss. 3.格列佛（Gulliver）经历了冒险奇遇，见到了各色奇异的人物（assortment） Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange assortment of people. 4.如果你再犯同样的错误，他会很生你气的（furious） He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake. 5.我们都被他坦率的观点、幽默的语言和亲切的态度所深深吸引（draw） We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner. 6.等到欢呼的掌声平息下来，那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲（die down） After cheers and applause died down, the Nobel Prize Winner began his speech. 7.他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力，因此，他很少随大流（run
Unit 1练习答案 Text comprehension IV. Explain in your own words the following sentences. (p7) 1.I planned to keep silent and act in such a way that nobody would notice that I was only a newcomer in college. 2.For three days, I had not been to the cafeteria due to my feeling of humiliation and shame. Instead, I stayed alone in my room and ate junk food of various kinds from a vending machine which was in just the right place to aid me in avoiding others. 3.It didn’t matter whether or not you were widely accepted or admired; you did not have to behave to the liking of everybody else. Vocabulary I.Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words. 1.I was feeling just a bit first-gradish:I had just the feeling of a newcomer at college without the strength a mature student might possess. 2.my airs of assurance: my apparent confidence 3. a little nourishment:some food to appease my hunger (as well as my anxiety) 4.running with the crowd was no longer a law of survival: going with the tide was no longer crucial to one’s success 5.massive mistakes: foolish and glaring mistakes II.Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word taken from the box in its appropriate form. 1.distress 2. clutched 3. pose 4. sneaked 5. preoccupation 6.shackles 7. curse 8. deliberation III.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words. 1.assure 2. discretion 3. relaxation 4. humiliate 5. strategy 6.embarrassment 7. maneuverable 8. immaturity IV.Fill in the blanks in each sentence with an appropriate phrasal verb or collocation taken from the text. 1.lived up to 2. headed for 3. seek out 4. has broken out 5.groped for 6. trying…on 7. go out to 8. tipped off V.Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used. 1.distinct: vague (indistinct) 2. discreetly: inconspicuously 3.reserve: self-restraint(self-control) 4. dumb: clever (intelligent, sensible) 5.demeanor：manner（behavior） 6. composed: excited 7. slink: sneak 8. na?ve: mature (sophisticated) VI.Explain the underlined phrasal verbs in your own words. 1.caught on: became popular 2. look up to: respect 3. persist in: keep up 4.result in: lead to 5. figure out: understand 6. hit upon: found
南京艺术学院第二册英语课文翻译（1~10） 第一单元 你去过古玩店吗？如果你能像买家那样博学，你就有可能买到不同凡响但又很便宜的东西。 幸运的发现 古玩店对许多人来说有一种特殊的魅力。高档一点的古玩店为了防尘，把文物漂亮地陈列在玻璃柜子里，那里往往令人望而却步。而对不太装腔作势的古玩店，无论是谁都不用壮着胆子才敢往里进。人们还常常有希望在发霉，阴暗，杂乱无章，迷宫般的店堂里，从杂乱地摆放在地面上的，一堆堆各式各样的破烂货里找到一件稀世珍品。 无论是谁都不会一下子就发现一件珍品。一个到处找便宜货买的人必须具有耐心，而且最重要的是看到珍品时要有鉴别珍品的能力。要做到这一点，他至少要像古董商一样懂行。他必须像一个专心致志进行探索的科学家一样抱有这样的希望，即终有一天，他的努力会取得丰硕的成果。 我的老朋友弗兰克哈利戴正是这样一个人。他多次向我详细讲他如何只花50英镑便买到一位名家的杰作。一个星期六的上午，弗兰克去了我家附近的一家古玩店。由于他从未去过那儿，结果他发现了许多有趣的东西。上午很快过去了，弗兰克正准备离去，突然看见地板上放着一只体积很大的货箱。古董商告诉他那只货箱刚到不久，但他嫌麻烦不想把它打开。经弗兰克恳求，古董商才勉强把货箱撬开了。箱内东西令人失望。除了一柄式样别致、雕有花纹的匕首外，货箱内装满了陶器，而且大部分都已破碎。弗兰克轻轻地把陶器拿出箱子，突然发现在箱底有一幅微型画，画面构图与线条使他想起了一幅他所熟悉的意大利画，于是他决定将画买下来。古董商漫不经心看了一眼那幅画，告诉弗兰克那画值50英镑。弗兰克几乎无法掩饰自己兴奋的心情，因为他明白自己发现了一件珍品。那幅不大的画原来是柯勒乔的一幅未被发现的杰作，价值几十万英镑。 第二单元 无论是男人、女人还是儿童，都可以从他们的衣着和外表的其他方面感受到时尚的影响。 时装流行的原理 时尚一直在变化和发展。时尚的五条基本原理是识别时尚及其流行趋势的基础。这些时尚原理保持不变。尽管时尚在变，但是这些原理却不变。他们是识别和预测时尚流行趋势的坚实基础。时尚流行的基本原理包括以下几条： 1．时尚的流行一般采取渐进的方式，很少采取突变的方式。时尚通常从一种风格逐渐地向另一种风格进化，是进化式的，而不是快速地变化。这一点经常可以从女裙长度的变化中得到体现。在一个季节中人们不希望裙子的长度有较大的变化。一般裙长要在几个季节甚至几年时间里缓慢地增加或减少。在20世纪50年代后期以及以后的10年里，裙子的长度开始以每年约1英寸的速度缩短，直至变成20世纪60年代后期的超短式样。在整个70年代，裙子的长度又逐渐增加。 2．消费者创造时尚。是消费者通过接受一种款式而抛弃另一种款式来决定流行的时尚，而不是设计师或制造商。尽管设计师、制造商、销售商可以促进或减缓新时尚的流行，但最终对时尚的接受与否还要取决于消费者。 3．价格不会影响时尚的流行。时尚的流行与否并不取决于价格。尽管一个新款式推出的价格会很高，但很快会有各种价格变化。一件向设计师定做的服装售价可能会高达几千美元，但是一旦此款式被仿制并以成衣批量生产，就会出现不同的价格以适合不同层次消费者的要
Unit1 1 Shyness can vary from feeling mild discomfort to high levels of anxiety (从感觉轻微的不适高度的焦虑) that impact us in almost everything we do. 2 Despite his stubbornness, he knew in his heart that he should avoid arousing any suspicions(避免引起任何怀疑). 3 It will be interpreted as criticism no matter what you say.（成批评，无论你说什么). 4 Let’s not allow ourselves to be upset by trifles (让我们不要为小事情烦心) (which) we should ignore and forget. 5 Too much time spent dwelling on the past (花太多的时间老是想着过去) can get in the way of enjoying life as it happens. 6 People who believe they can accomplish goals and solve problems (相信自己能够完成目标解决问题的人) are more likely to do well in school. 1.人们认为，悲观常常会导致绝望、疾病和失败。 It is believed that pessimism often leads to hopelessness, sickness and failure. 2.于此相反，乐观主义能使你幸福、健康和成功。 Optimism, by contrast, can make you happy, healthy and successful. 当你做某件事失败时，把失败当做一种学习的经历并从中汲取益处。 When you fail in something, profit from the failure as a learning experience. 4.在问题或困难面前，要多想想自己的长处并树立自信心。 Think about your strengths and build up self-confidence in front of problems or difficulties. 5.不要让消极的思想阻碍你。 Don’t let negative thoughts hold you back. 6.每个人都经历过失败和失望，因此不要过多的责怪自己。 Everyone has experienced failures and disappointments, so don’t blame yourself too much. Unit2 1.She wore a dress with pattern of roses (有玫瑰图案)on it. 2.Helen had prepared a wonderful meal for us.（为我们准备了一顿丰盛的饭菜） 3.Ann promised faithfully （信誓旦旦地保证）that she would never tell. 4.Could you deliver this letter（把这封信送到）to the accounts department? 5.We well offered a selection of milk and plain chocolate.（精选的牛奶巧克力和纯巧克力） 6.Tell the children to keep out of behave/mischief themselves.（别胡闹） 7.We could hear the sound of distant thunder.（远处打雷的声音） 8.The project has now received approval form the government .（得到政府的批准） 9.Kelly loved her husband in spite of the fact that he drank too much.（虽然他喝酒太多） 10.Experts seem unable to agree whether the drug is safe or not .（就这个药是否安全取得一致意见）Unit 3 1.由于紧急情况，个医生几小时内都没有空 Because of an emergency, the doctor will not be available for several hours. 2.税收将会如何影响低收入的人？ How will taxes affect people with low incomes?