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The Doctrine of the Mean is the core ofConfucianism. The so-called “mean” by Confuciusdoesn’t mean “compromise” but a “moderate”and “just-right” way when understanding andhandling objective things. Confucius advocatedthat this thought should not only be treated as away to understand and deal with things but alsobe integrated into one’s daily conduct to makeit a virtue through self-cultivation and training.

The Doctrine of the Mean is not only the core ofConfucianism but also an important componentof traditional Chinese culture. From the time itcame into being to the present, it has played aninvaluable role in the construction of nationalspirit, the transmission of national wisdom, and the development of national culture.



The four great classic Chinese novels are Romanceof the Three Kingdoms, Outlaws of the Marsh,journey to the West and A Dream of Red Mansions.All the four novels were written during the periodfrom the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties tothe Qing Dynasty. They all reflect various aspectsof ancient China, including political and militarystrife, social conflicts and cultural beliefs. Thefour novels are of supreme artistic standards,representing the peak of China’s classic novels. Lots of the characters and scenes in the books areWell-known in China and have exerted profoundinfluences on the ideology and values of the entirenation. Highly valuable for the research of China’sancient customs, feudal system, and social life, thefour classic novels are precious cultural relics ofChina as well as the human society as a whole. 中国的四大名著是指《三国演义》《水浒传》《西游记》《红楼梦》四部著名小说。它们的创作时间均处于元末明初至清代期间,其内容反映了中国古代的政治和军事斗争、社会矛盾、文化信仰等各个方面。四大名著具有很高的艺术水平,代表了中国古典小说的高峰。书中的许多人物和场景在中国家喻户晓,并且已深深地影响了整个民族的思想观念和价值取向。四本著作在中国古代民俗、封建制度、社会生活等多个领域皆有巨大的研究价值,是中国乃至全人类的宝贵文化遗产。第三单元

In recent years, with the rapid development ofInternet technology, the Internet economy hasbecome a hot issue. As represented by the promisingE-commerce, the Internet economy has become astrong driving force for the economic development. Our government attaches great importance todeveloping the Internet-econom y and proposes the concept of “Internet Plus”, aiming to integratethe Internet with other industries, such as healthcare, transportation, education, finance, and publicservice. This will create great potential and broadprospects for the development of the Interneteconomy. With the implementation of the“InternetPlus” strategy, the Internet is certain to be integratedwith more traditional industries and help build “theupgraded version of the Chinese economy”.



Suzhou gardens are the most outstandingrepresentatives of classical Chinese gardens.

Most of them were privately-owned. The gardensfirst appeared in the Spring and Autumn Period,developed in the Song and Yuan dynasties, andflourished in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Bythe late Qing Dynasty, Suzhou had got as manyas over 170 gardens of diverse styles, Winning itthe name “The City of Gardens”. Now, over 60gardens are kept in good condition, of which morethan 10 are Open to the public. The Surging WavePavilion, the Lion Grove Garden, the HumbleAdministrator’s Garden and the Lingering Gardenare called the four most famous gardens in Suzhourepresenting the artistic styles of the Song, Yuan,Ming and Qing dynasties respectively.Suzhougardens are assemblies of residences and gardens,which makes them suitable places for living, visitingand appreciating. The architectural principles of lthe gardens are a demonstration of the lifestylesand social customs of the ancient Chinese peoplein the south of the Lower Yangtze River. Suzhougardens are not only a product of Chinese historyand culture, but also a carrier of traditional Chinese ideology and culture.In 1997,Suzhou gardens were inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO.



Chinese civilization once had a significant influenceon world civilization. With the development of ourcountry’s economy and the rise of her internationalstatus in recent years, Chinese culture, which hasa long history, is once again attracting globalattention. More and more Chinese cultural elementsprovide inspiration for and become popular subjectsof fashions, literature and movies around the world.

This shows that the world needs Chinese culture. Itwas in this context that China decided to implementthe “Culture Exporting” strategy so as to enhanceher cultural exchanges with the rest of the world.

After several years’ efforts, great achievements havebeen made in this respect. “Culture Exporting” hasgreatly promoted the development of our culturalindustries. It is becoming an effective approachthrough which China enhances her national imageand comprehensive strength.



Boao Forum for Asia (BPA) is a non-governmental,non-profit international organization. Initiated

by25 Asian countries and Australia, it was officiallyfounded in 2001. The organization is headquarteredin Boao Town in China’s Hainan Province. Withequality, mutual benefit, cooperation and win-win as its objectives, EPA is devoted to promoting

economic exchanges, coordination and cooperationbetween Asian countries as well as enhancingdialogs and ties between Asia and other parts of theworld. The forum provides a high-level platformwhere governments, businesses and scholars fromrelevant countries discuss Asian and global affairs.

Through further regional economic cooperation,BFA will facilitate the realization of Asian countries’goals and contribute to a new Asia that boastsgreater prosperity, stability and peace.


Urban-rural integration is a new stage of China’smodernization and urbani zation process. It aims tobreak the urban and rural dual economic structurethrough making integrated plans for urban andrural development, and through system reform and policy adjustment, so that the urban and ruralareas will finally achieve equal policies and realizecomplementary developing patterns, enabling therural residents to enjoy the same level of civilizationand equal benefits with the urban residents. Urban-rural integration is a significant and profound socialreform which enables comprehensive, coordinatedand sustainable development of the entire urban-rural economy. Only by enhancing urban-ruralintegration, and by properly managing urban-ruralrelationships, increasing urban-rural collaborationand narrowing the gap between urban and ruralareas, can we guarantee that our country realize theblueprint goal of building a well-off society- in anall-round way by 2020.



In recent years, the social development andchanges in employment situation have put higherrequirements on college students. Instead ofconfining themselves to the knowledge in books,more and more college students are stepping-outof the “Ivory Tower” and taking an active partin social practice in their spare time. Throughsocial practice, college students can have a deeperunderstanding of society, increase their sense ofsocial responsibility, and improve their analyticaland problem-solving abilities. Meanwhile, takingpart in social practice can also help studentsrecognize their own shortcomings and have a clearidea about where they are to go in the future. Allthese benefits will help them build up social andwork experience, which will lay a solid foundationfor them in finding jobs or starting their ownbusinesses in the future.



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