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1. 被系在…上be attached to…

2. 探索行为exploratory behavior

3. 偶尔on occasion

4. 父母的责任parental duties

5. 揭示,阐明throw light on

6. 最终目的an ultimate purpose

7. 要做的动作desired action

8. 所希望的结果desirable outcome

9. 关键critical point

10. 育儿观value of child rearing

11. 弥补某种错误行为making up for a misdeed

12. 回想起来in retrospect

13. 善意的well-intentioned

14. 前来帮助某人come to sb.’s rescue

15. 极其熟练、温和地with extreme facility and gentleness

16. 适用于apply to

17. 发展到evolve to

18. 发展创造力promote creativity

19. 值得追求的目标worthwhile goals

One way of summarizing the American position is to state that we value originality and independence more than the Chinese do. The contrast between our two cultures can also be seen in terms of the fears we both harbor. Chinese teachers are fearful that if skills are not acquired early, they may never be acquired; there is, on the other hand, no comparable hurry to promote creativity. American educators fear that unless creativity has been acquired early, it may never emerge; on the other hand, skills can be picked up later.


However, I do not want to overstate my case. There is enormous creativity to be found in Chinese scientific, technological and artistic innovations past and present. And there is a danger of exaggerating creative breakthroughs in the West. When any innovation is examined closely, its reliance on previous achievements is all too apparent (the "standing on the shoulders of giants" phenomenon).


But assuming that the contrast I have developed is valid, and that the fostering of skills and creativity are both worthwhile goals, the important question becomes this: Can we gather, from the Chinese and American extremes, a superior way to approach education, perhaps striking a better balance between the poles of creativity and basic skills?



1. 面临,遭遇be confronted with

2. 仰头向上看look up at

3. 填写fill out

4. 属于fall into

5. 仅仅,不多于,不强于nothing more than

6. 转瞬即逝的念头 a passing whim

7. 磨损,损耗wear and tear

8. 虽然,尽管in spite of

9. 期望,盼望look forward to

10. 富裕的,有钱的well off

11. 不自在,格格不入out of place

12. 陈旧的家具dated furniture

13. …之后不久shortly after

14. 走下坡路,失败go south

15. 转折点 a turning point

16. 与…形成对比in contrast to

17. 对…予以注意,致力于focus on

18. 归属感 a sense of belonging

19. 遭遇困难go through a rough time

20. 久不消逝的微笑 a lingering smile

21. 为…感恩be thankful for

22. 收入最低的档次the lowest income bracket

23. 创作才能the gift of creativity

24. 对物质财富的追求the pursuit of possessions

Yet I feel nothing more than a passing whim to attain the material things so many other people have. My 1999 car shows the wear and tear of 105,000 miles. But it is still dependable. My apartment is modest, but quiet and relaxing. My clothes are well suited to my work, which is primarily outdoors. My minimal computer needs can be met at the library.


In spite of what I don’t have, I don’t feel poor. Why? I’ve enjoyed exceptionally good health for 53 years. It’s not just that I’ve been illness-free, it’s that I feel vigorous and spirited. Exercising is actually fun for me. I look forward to long, energizing walks. And I love the “can do”attitude that follows.


I also cherish the gift of creativity. When I write a beautiful line of poetry, or fabricate a joke that tickles someone, I feel rich inside. I’m continually

surprised at the insights that come through my writing process. And talking with so many interesting writer friends is one of my main sources of enjoyment.



1.舞台前方the edge of the stage

2.对观众说话address the audience

3.到头来让人尴尬end up embarrassing sb.

4.当餐厅服务员wait tables

5.为某人感到骄傲be proud of sb.

6.一致地in unison

7.偶尔一次once in a while

8.围坐在餐桌旁be seated around the dinning room table

9.使产生悬念keep in suspense

10.传下来hand down

11.无论如何at any rate

12.世界和平global peace

13.减少;缩小narrow down

14.转向某人turn to sb.

15.影响;刺激come over

16.结束某(一不愉快的)事get sth. over with

17.优等生an honor student

18.整天提心吊胆live in constant dread

19.负责in charge of

20.填写fill out

21.思路line of thought

22.初中junior high school

If that sort of thing happened only once in a while, it wouldn't be so bad. Overall, I wouldn't want to trade my dad for anyone else's. He loves us kids and Mom too. But I think that's sometimes the problem. He wants to do things for us, things he thinks are good.


Can you imagine how humiliated I was? An honor student, class president. And Father was out asking people to have their sons call and ask me to the prom! But that's dear old dad. Actually, he is a dear. He just doesn't stop to think. And it's not just one of us who've felt the heavy hand of interference. Oh, no, all three of us live in constant dread knowing that at any time disaster can strike 你们能想象我觉得自己有多么丢人现眼吗?堂堂的优秀生,班主席。父亲竟然去求别人叫他们的儿子打电话来邀我跳舞!可这就是我那可爱的老爸。他其实挺可爱的。他就是不好好想一想。不止我一个人深受他横加干预之苦。哦,绝非我一个人,我们兄妹三个整天提心吊胆,知道倒霉的事随时可能来临。


1.一周中的最好时光highlight of the week

2.投稿submit articles

3.有时at times

4.对…感到厌恶feel an aversion to

5.社交方式forms of socializing

6.缺乏自律 a lack of discipline


8.面对be confronted with

9.穿着得体be dressed appropriately

10.广告令…心烦be jarred by the commercials

11.工作成了次要的。Work moves into the background.

12.坏脾气be bad-tempered

13.在此状态下in this state

14.日常事务daily routine

15.依赖rely on

16.长期失业long-term unemployment

17.吸毒drug abuse

18.恢复平衡restore balance

19.将…与…区分开set apart…from…

20.面对面face to face

21.找借口make an excuse

I'd never realized how important daily routine is: dressing for work, sleeping normal hours. I'd never thought I relied so much on co-workers for company. I began to understand why long-term unemployment can be so damaging, why life without an externally supported daily plan can lead to higher rates of drug abuse, crime, suicide.


To restore balance to my life, I force myself back into the real world. I call people, arrange to meet with the few remaining friends who haven't fled New York City. I try to at least get to the gym, so as to set apart the weekend from the rest of my week. I arrange interviews for stories, doctor's appointments -- anything to get me out of the house and connected with others.


But sometimes being face to face is too much. I see a friend and her ringing laughter is intolerable -- the noise of conversation in the restaurant, unbearable.

I make my excuses and flee. I re-enter my apartment and run to the computer as though it were a place of safety.


I click on the modem, the once-annoying sound of the connection now as pleasant as my favorite tune. I enter my password. The real world disappears.



1. 田径比赛track and field competition

2. 俯瞰 a bird’s eye view

3. 深呼吸take a deep breath

4. 像雄鹰一样翱翔soar like an eagle

5. 如出一辙; 不谋而合coincide with

6. 每隔一天every other day/on alternate days

7. 农场杂活farm chores

8. 有一次on one occasion

9. 站着on one’s feet

10. 没有意识到unaware of

11. 仰面躺着lie on one’s back

12. 对…惭愧be ashamed of

13. 感到…fill one’s mind with…

14. 摆脱紧张情绪shake the tension

15. 在内心的最深处from the de epest depths of one’s soul

16. 在这种时候at a time like this

17. 舒展;伸展stretch out

18. 缓缓移动in slow motion

19. 使…回到现实中bring sb. back to earth

20. 想象see in one’s mind’s eye

The runway felt different this time. It startled him for a brief moment. Then it all hit him like a wet bale of hay. The bar was set at nine inches higher than his personal best. That's only one inch off the National record, he thought. The intensity of the moment filled his mind with anxiety. He began shaking the tension. It wasn't working. He became more tense. Why was this happening to him now, he thought. He began to get nervous. Afraid would be a more accurate description. What was he going to do? He had never experienced these feelings. Then out of nowhere, and from the deepest depths of his soul, he pictured his mother. Why now? What was his mother doing in his thoughts at a time like this? It was simple. His mother always used to tell him when you felt tense, anxious or even scared, take deep breaths.


So he did. Along with shaking the tension from his legs, he gently laid his

pole at his feet. He began to stretch out his arms and upper body. The light breeze that was once there was now gone. He carefully picked up his pole. He felt his heart pounding. He was sure the crowd did, too. The silence was deafening. When he heard the singing of some distant birds in flight, he knew it was his time to fly.



1.把…改成convert… into…

2.对…一无所知don’t know the first thing about…

3.把…区分开来distinguish… from…

4.渴望独立be craving independence

5.不禁不寒而栗can’t help shuddering

6.处于劣势at a disadvantage

7.在…方面when it comes to…

8.偶然闯进stumble into

9.轻而易举地把它学好it comes easily to somebody

10.咬紧牙学好它grit your teeth to get good at it

11.极有可能there’s a strong chance that

12.把成绩提高到A pull the grade up to an A

13.恐惧的时候moments of panic

14.基于be based on

15.文化熏陶cultural cues

16.人不是孤岛。No man is an island

17.毫无疑问, 不可否认There’s no denying that…

18.与…相关联be relevant to

19.不容改变的结论hard and fast conclusions

20.生来就懂be born knowing

21.有敢冒风险而为的精神take a leap of faith

22.有所选择地听别人的话have a selective hearing

Why are we so quick to limit ourselves? I’m not denying that most little girls love dolls and most little boys love videogames, and it may be true that some people favor side of their brain, and others the left. But how relevant is that to me, or to anyone, as an individual? Instead of translating our differences into hard and fast conclusions about the human brain, why can’t we focus instead on how incredibly flexible we are? Instead of using what we know as a reason why women can’t learn physics, maybe we should consider the possibility that our brains are more powerful than we imagine.


Here’s a secret: math and science don’t come easily to most people. No one was ever born knowing calculus. A woman can learn anything a man can, but first she needs to know that she can do it, and that takes a leap of faith. It also helps to have selective hearing.



1.排行榜 a hit parade

2.严格地说strictly speaking

3.对我们真正至关重要的事the things that really matter to us

4.发表演说make a speech

5.为了加强效果for effect

6.系统的研究 a systematic study

7.起源于descend from

8.提出come up with

9.向西漂泊drift west

10.留传给我们pass on to us

11.日子过得开心enjoy oneself

12.抚养孩子rear/raise a child

13.诺曼人征服英国the Normans conquered England

14.平民百姓common people

15.印刷机 a printing press

16.大量新思想 a wealth of new thinking

17.欧洲文艺复兴the European Renaissance

18.失控be out of control

19.付诸实施put into practice

20.个人自由的崇尚者 a respecter of the liberties of each


21.开拓新路strike out new path

22.培育了…的准则nourish the principles of …

23.人权the rights of man

24.知识精英an intellectual elite

Two centuries ago an English judge in India noticed that several words in Sanskrit closely resembled some words in Greek and Latin. A systematic study revealed that many modern languages descended from a common parent language, lost to us because nothing was written down.


Identifying similar words, linguists have come up with what they call an Indo-European parent language, spoken until 3500 to 2000 B.C. These people had common words for snow, bee and wolf but no word for sea. So some scholars assume they lived somewhere in north-central Europe, where it was cold. Traveling east, some established the languages of India and Pakistan, and others drifted west toward the gentler climates of Europe. Some who made the

earliest move westward became known as the Celts, whom Caesar's armies found in Britain.


New words came with the Germanic tribes -- the Angles, the Saxons, etc. -- that slipped across the North Sea to settle in Britain in the 5th century. Together they formed what we call Anglo-Saxon society.


The Anglo-Saxons passed on to us their farming vocabulary, including sheep, ox, earth, wood, field and work. They must have also enjoyed themselves because they gave us the word laughter.

盎格鲁-萨克逊人将他们的农耕词汇留传给我们,包括sheep, ox, earth, wood, field 和work等。他们的日子一定过得很开心,因为他们留传给我们laughter一词。


1. 在…的腹地in the heart of…

2. 与…和谐相处live in harmony with

3. 富足的农场prosperous farm

4. 默默地穿越silently cross

5. 在…中in the mists of

6. 令…人目不暇接delight sb’s eye

7. 以…为食feed on

8. 蜂拥而至pour through

9. 悄悄蔓延creep over

10. 死亡的阴影 a shadow of death

11. 对…迷惑不解be puzzled by

12. 莫名其妙突然死去sudden and unexplained deaths

13. 出奇地安静 a strange stillness

14. 许许多多scores of

15. 开花come into bloom

16. 几处斑痕 a few patches

17. 遭遇灾难的世界the stricken world

18. 经历…的不幸experience the misfortune

19. 多个 a substantial number of

20. 想像的悲剧imagined tragedy

21. 严酷现实stark reality

22. 使…鸦雀无声silence the voices of

There was once a town in the heart of America where all life seemed to live in harmony with its surroundings. The town lay in the midst of a checkerboard of prosperous farms, with fields of grain and hillsides of orchards where, in spring, white clouds of bloom drifted above the green fields. In autumn, oak and maple and birch set up a blaze of color that flamed and flickered across a backdrop of pines. Then foxes barked in the hills and deer silently crossed the fields, half hidden in the mists of the fall mornings.


Along the roads, laurel, viburnum and alder, great ferns and wildflowers delighted the traveler's eye through much of the year. Even in winter the roadsides were places of beauty, where countless birds came to feed on the berries and on the seed heads of the dried weeds rising above the snow. The

countryside was, in fact, famous for the abundance and variety of its bird life, and when the flood of migrants was pouring through in spring and fall people traveled from great distances to observe them. Others came to fish the streams, which flowed clear and cold out of the hills and contained shady pools where trout lay. So it had been from the days many years ago when the first settlers raised their houses, sank their wells, and built their barns.


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