17 要打破这些学生陷入的“怪圈”，周围的人们、老师、父母、朋友都能给予帮助，但归根结底还是要靠学生自己。他们太年轻，不该成为父母的梦想和惧怕同学心理的俘虏。我们必须唤醒他们，使他们相信自己是独一无二的、有能力创造自己未来的人。Listen and Respond
Task One Focusing on the Main Ideas
1 Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences according to the information contained in the listening passage.
1) In this monologue(独白) the speaker mainly talks about ________.
A) stories about college life
B) the life of college freshmen
C) carefree life of college students
D) differences between college and high school
2) According to the speaker, the freshman experience will ________.
A) enable students to find true friendship
B) leave a deep impression on every student
C) decide what a student can do in the future
D) teach students the importance of responsibility
2 Read the following statements and then decide whether each of them is true or false based on the information contained in the listening passage. Write T for True and F for False in the space provided before each statement.
1) T Freshman experience is an unforgettable experience to college students.
2) F Students will feel just as comfortable in their first year at college as in their previous years when they were in high school or back at home. (Students will be away from the comforts and friendships their home provided for them over the previous years.)
3) T Students are able to find very good friends at college.
4) T Learning to be responsible for oneself at college is very important.
5) F Freshmen should not be concerned with their future careers.
(During the freshman year, students may start thinking about their future. A certain professor, some ongoing school research programs, or a specific area of study, etc. could all be the factors that may influence students’ future careers.)
Task Two Zooming In on the Details
Listen to the recording again and fill in each of the blanks according to what you have heard.
1) The freshman year at college is, generally speaking, a time filled with anticipation , some anxiety, and wonderful discoveries .
2) The workload will be heavier and the major challenges of college work are a large amount of reading and writing and the short deadlines .
3) College Friendship will be among the most satisfying and long-term of one’s life. It’s always exciting to discover how wonderfully diverse college relationships can be.
4) Students should remember that they are at college with an anticipated mission : they shouldn’t waste time on meaningless things .
5) Going to college is not just to get a degree: it is to find out who you really are and what you are really made for .
Task One Discovering the Main Ideas
1 Write down the main idea of the following paragraphs in the space provided.
1) Para 2:
Top students attain academic excellence by mastering a few basic principles that others can easily learn.
2) Para 3:
Top students learn to be organized.
3) Para 4:
Top students know how to schedule their time properly.
4) Para 5:
Top students are very serious about school and very active in class.
5) Para 6:
Students benefit from group study.
2 Read the following statements and then decide whether each of them is true or false based on the information in the text. Write T for True and F for False in the space provided before each statement. 1) T Being bright does not necessarily make one a straight-A student.
2) T A top student knows how to balance between what is more important and what is less important.
3) F One student thinks that learning a new word while brushing his teeth helps him learn the new word best.
(The student does so in order to save time.)
4) T A messy student may waste a lot of time.
5) F Professors may concentrate more on the neatness of an assignment than on its content.
(The student who turns in neat work is a step closer to a high score.)
6) T Students benefit more from group study than from individual study.
7) F Pressure from parents is good for students.
(Encouragement rather than pressure from parents helps students a lot.)
3 Summarize the basic principles that top students master and apply in their studying and put them down in the space provided.
Basic Principles That Top Students Master and Apply
a. set priorities
b. study anywhere or everywhere
c. study at one’s preferred time
d. be consistent
Task Two Reading Between the Lines
Read the following sentences carefully and discuss in pairs what the author intends to say by the italicized parts.
1) … it is far more important for a student to know how to make the most of his or her innate abilities. (Para. 1)
Being bright doesn’t necessarily make a student a top student. What is of more importance is that he / she learns how to make the best use of the abilities that he / she is born with.
2) The students at the top of the class attain academic excellence by mastering
a few basic principles that others can easily learn. (Para. 2)
Anyone can be a top student if he / she adopts some basic principles that are not difficult to learn.
3) According to one professor, the student who turns in neat work is already on the way to scoring an A. (Para. 5)
One professor said that the student who turns in a piece of neat work is likely to get a very good score.
Task Three Voicing Your Views
Work in groups of threes or fours and discuss the following questions.
1) Do you know any other secrets towards academic excellence besides those mentioned in Text A? If so, share them with your classmates.
Other possible secrets are:
find out the learning strategies that best suit oneself;
consult more references;
do extra reading;
take a short break when tired; etc.
2) Which is more important to you on your way towards academic excellence, intelligence or diligence (勤奋刻苦)? Why do you think so?
Some students will opt for intelligence because some people hold that one can’t be a top student if he / she is not bright enough. Other students may say that diligent work always pays off.
3) Do you think parental influence is a very important factor in a child’s academic excellence? Why or why not?
Most people will say that good parental influence usually has positive effects on the children because parents are role models and first teachers of their children.
4) Do you often participate in group study? Why or why not?
People are sometimes divided on this question. Most people are positive towards group study because they learn better by discussing homework and problems together. Some may be negative toward group work, as they feel they are most efficient when studying alone. The attitude toward group work has been proven to be related to one’s personality.
Checking Your Vocabulary
Play detective and find the required word or phrase in Text B according to the clues given. Then, make at least two sentences with each of the words or phrases you have found. The number of the paragraph in which the target word or phrase appears is given in brackets.
1) A verb meaning “to ask in payment”: (Para. 1)
Write down the target word here: charge
a. The shop doesn’t charge for delivery.
b. They charge a heavy tax on imported wine.
2) A noun meaning “a person of the same age, class, position, etc. as oneself”: (Para. 1)
Write down the target word here: peer
a. The opinions of his peers are more important to him than his parents’ ideas.
b. Children tend to be influenced by peer pressure.
3) A phrase meaning “to arrive at a particular state or position”: (Para. 2) Write down the target phrase here: come to
a. The two brothers quickly came to blows during their quarrel.
b. All this sex and violence on the TV — what is the world coming to?
4) A noun meaning “an amount of money that a person, business, etc. borrows, especially from a bank”: (Para. 2)
Write down the target word here: loan
a. How soon do you have to pay off the loan?
b. Jim took out a loan to pay for his car.
5) A noun meaning “the total produced when numbers, amounts, etc., are added together”: (Para. 2)
Write down the target word here: sum
a. I had to spend a large sum of money to have my damaged car repaired.
b. The company was sold for an undisclosed sum.
6) An adjective meaning “involving the use of imagination to produce new and original ideas or things”: (Para. 9)
Write down the target word here: creative
a. A creative person has the ability to invent and develop original ideas, especially in the arts.
b. This job is so boring. I wish I could do something more creative.
7) A verb meaning “to make sb. feel it necessary to do sth., especially because of a sense of duty”: (Para. 10)
Write down the target word here: obligate
a. He felt obligated to visit his parents every weekend.
b. Do you feel obligated to see your teacher who is now in the hospital?
2 Match the words in Column A with the meanings in Column B. Put the corresponding letter in the blank after each word.
Column A Column B
1) project b a. difficult to deal with; not easy
2) unique e b. a piece of work that needs skill, effort, and careful
3) tough a c. being expected to happen at a particular time
4) due c d. (a feeling of) nervous anxiety, worry, or pressure
5) tension d e. being the only one of its type
6) solution f f. answer to a problem, question, difficulty
3 Rewrite each of the following sentences with a phrase that appears in Text B. Focus on the italicized parts. The number of the paragraph in which the target phrase appears is given in brackets.
1) Don’t worry. He might accept our suggestion if someone tries to influence him properly. (Para. 1)
Don’t worry. He might accept our suggestion if someone works on him properly.
2) He is studying French as the chief subject at the university. (Para. 9)
He is majoring in French at the university.
3) Sandra was determined to become a doctor and after 10 years her persistence (坚持不懈) became successful and profitable. (Para. 9)
Sandra was determined to become a doctor and after 10 years her persistence paid off.
4) Of course I admire her —in spite of everything, she is a great politician? (Para. 10)
Of course I admire her —after all, she is a great politician.
5) The story of Linda and Barbra in Text B is symptomatic of all the pressures combined. (Para. 13)
The story of Linda and Barbra in t ext B is symptomatic of all the pressures put together.
6) May I draw your attention to the fact that if we don’t leave now we shall miss the bus? (Para. 16)
May I point out that if we don’t leave now we shall miss the bus?
Checking Your Comprehension
1 Answer the following questions with the information contained in Text B.
1) What does the writer mean by “brutal economy”?
Para. 2 in the text provides the answer. Studying at college means a huge sum of money to pay for tuition, room and board, books and many other expenses.
A student may have a loan of up to $5,000 when he graduates, and this same student has to work both part-time and full-time whenever possible at college.
2) Why are humanities courses not popular with parents?
Parents want to make sure that their children have a secure future and they don’t think that humanities subjects with no “practical” value will pay off.
3) What are the possible reactions of a student who suffers from peer pressure?
Examples of possible reactions include:
a. always thinking other students are brighter and study harder;
b. studying at the library as late as possible;
c. doing homework till early morning;
d. getting into a panic when exams are approaching and papers are due;
e. getting sick and stuck;
f. oversleeping due to tiredness; and
g. doing more than expected.
4) Who can help to free students from the pressures they suffer from? Professors, parents, and friends can help to free students from the pressures they suffer from, but it is the students themselves who should relieve themselves of the pressures.
5) Explain in your own words why, according to the text, economic pressure is closely connected with parental pressure, and peer pressure with self-induced pressure.
a. Students normally find it hard to cope with different kinds of fees at college without parental help. However, when students do get financial help from their parents, they will feel obligated to follow their parents’ advice, sometimes against their own will, because after all, their parents are paying all their expenses at college.
b. When a student thinks that his / her peers are brighter and study harder, he / she will push himself / herself more, which will in turn induce more pressure on himself / herself.
2 Read the following statements and then decide whether each of them is true or false based on the information in the text. Write T for True and F for False in the space provided before each statement. 1)T Without parental help, a student may be expected to have a large loan to
pay back after graduation.
2)F Many students dream of becoming dentists.
(Many students don’t want to take pre-medical courses. So they go off to their labs as if they were going to see a dentist.)
3)T Knowledge in the humanities can help create leaders in all general fields.
4)T Lawyers, doctors and businessmen usually earn more than most of other
5)F Students who finish an assignment up to requirements will be given the
same credits as those who have done more.
(When most students are doing more than they are expected to, those who are doing normal work can be perceived as not doing well.)
3 Listed in the left column are the four pressures faced by college students and in the right column are causes or consequences linked to the pressures. Relate the causes or consequences to the types of
pressure by following the example given. Some causes or consequences can be related to more than one type of pressure.
Types of Pressure Causes or Consequences
A. economic pressure ( a, d )
B. parental pressure ( b, c )
C. peer pressure
( e, f, g )
D. self-induced pressure ( e, f, g )a. loans to pay
b. taking some courses unwillingly
c. taking courses with “practical value”
d. heavy tuition fees, expenses on rooms and books
e. thinking some fellow students are working harder
f. staying in the library till very late
g. doing more work than required
4 Read the following sentences carefully and discuss in pairs what the author intends to say by the italicized parts.
1) But there are no villains; only victims. (Para. 1)
Nobody is to blame for the pressures college students are suffering; all involved are victims.
2) They go off to their labs as if they were going to the dentist. (Para. 4) Many students who are taking pre-medical courses don’t like this major at all.
3) They are caught in one of the oldest webs of love and duty and guilt. (Para.
Parents and children are trapped in an age-old struggle between feelings of love, duty and guilt arising out of their different outlooks.
4) “Will I get everything done?” (Para. 13)
The student is totally worn out and has become suspicious of his / her own ability.
5) Pity the poor student who is still just doing the assignment. (Para. 15) The students who just fulfill what they are asked to do are put at a disadvantaged position.
6) The tactic works, psychologically. (Para. 16)
Teachers are likely to give a higher credit to students who do more than expected.
Optional Classroom Activities
1 Sit in groups of threes or fours and discuss each of the following questions.
1) Do college students in China suffer from the same pressures mentioned in Text B? Are there any differences?
Most students perhaps will say “yes” to this question as the four kinds of pressure mentioned in the text are also felt by Chinese university students. The only significant difference, perhaps, lies in the fact that Chinese university
students enjoy more financial support from their parents than their American counterparts.
2) What is your major? Who chose this major, you or your parents? Are you happy with your major so far? Give reasons.
Answers will vary depending on who the student is and what family background he or she comes from.
3) Are you working part time while being a full-time student? If so, why are you working part time? If not, do you think it’s goo d to work part time while being a full-time student?
Some students in China are working part time while being full-time students. Some work because they need money to cover their expenses at college; some work because they think working experience is important for them.
2 Sit in groups and discuss with your classmates the learning methods effective in achieving academic excellence you agree with. Write down your answers in the space provided in the following table.
Learning Methods Effective in Achieving Academic Excellence
a. master and apply basic principles
b. be organized
c. schedule one’s time
d. treat every assignment seriously and participate in class