1. I don’t like my straight hair so I’m going to have it
5. _____Given_____the fact that she loves children, I am sure teaching is the right career for her.
6.They try to preserve保护their interesting old customs against the impacts of the modern world!他们力图保护一些有趣的古老风俗，使之免受现代社会的冲击。
8. Among all his relatives, he has an especially deep
____affection______ for his aunt who cares for him most.
9. Teaching is not a one-way activity; teachers and students should _____interact_____ with each other in class.
10. After his wife died, he remarried with much ____haste_____,
which caused a lot of gossip (闲话) among his acquaintances.
12. I have never seen a house like that — its untidiness
____defies______description; I think she ought to learn how to keep a house.
14. It is quite possible for a student to master English grammar and _____acquire_____a large vocabulary without the help of a teacher.
https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8616049621.html,ck of money and lack of machinery are the two
major_____restraints_____ on the growth of this factory; that’s why it remains the same as it was ten years ago.
In either friendship or love, you should never expect to take the maximum while you give the minimum .
I built all my hopes on his promise(s), only to find that he was not a man of sincerity at all.
We took Mother to all the best hospitals we could find, but all our efforts were in vain ; she failed to survive the disease.
Valentine’s Day is an annual holiday celebrated on February 14, a perfect day to express love to the object of your affection
In the information era, communications with far-away friends via e-mail can be almost simultaneous.
6.爱情需要时间，因为只有慢慢习惯和学会欣赏对方才会产生出爱情。Love takes time, for it is not forged until you have grown used to the other’s company and learned to appreciate the other.
1、They bound捆绑his hand s and legs with a rope so he could’t escape.
3、He’s been charged with possessing占有guns and attempting to attack the police.
4、The product’s success has surpassed(超
过) all our expectations-we’ve never though that it could sell so w ell
We like to make friends with shelly because she has such virtus(德) as loyalty courage and truthfulness
7、Janet and Bob had corresponded通信with each other for many years before they finally met in Paris.
9. My grandfather still has keen敏锐的eyesight-he is able to read road signs in the distance.
11. The lawyer’s arguments are well grounded根据because he has collected enough proof concerning the case.
13.The President failed in his attempts to win the second term because he hadn’t fulfilled his commitments完成实现承诺made in the previous election.
14. Even though there are strict rules regulating控制the use of chemicals in food,some food producers disregard them intentionally in order to gain more profits.
The friendship grounded on common interest does not break up easily.
Children must learn to distinguish between violence and bravery in computer games.
There spring up so many new things every day in the world that it is no longer sensible to expect a person to know.
Laws do not regulate such things as betrayal to friends; that is why there is what we call "the court of morality".
Today’s culture is described as “fast-food culture”. Whatever they may be doing, people just pursue the greatest satisfaction within the shortest time.
As the saying goes there is no such thing as a free lunch. If you want something, go and earn / work for it.
1.You should familiarize(熟
悉) yourself with the rules brfore you start to paly the
4.The car that had been following ours suddenly accelerated(加快速度) overtook us
6. Patients who are given the new drug will be asked to monitor(监控) their heartbeat ,temperature and blood pressure.
8.Clear skies are no guarantee(保
证) of continued fine weather it may rain in the eveing
11.Having anticipated the problems I might encounter I was well e quipped(具有能力) to deal with the situation
12. I often buy processed(加
工) foods they may not be so fresh but it’s really time-saving
13.We need to find some companies to sponsor(赞助
者) the contest we’re going to
hold because we won’t be able to cover all the expenses
14.In the past two years,she’s stayed at home looking after her ba by,she
is hoping to resume(继续) her career soon
Owing to ignorance of AIDS, people used to label HIV
infected/carriers/victims as evils.
2、普及艾滋病知识的活动需要继续开展，这个阶段的重点放在这种病的传播途径(contract) The campaign of Knowing More About AIDS needs to be carried on, and for/at this stage the emphasis needs to be put on the way (how) the disease is contracted.
We appeal to the young earnestly: Take care of your health, with which you’ll be best equipped to handle any tough problems in your life.
The leading scientists will be meeting in Geneva on Friday to discuss problems largely caused by the fierce competition in modern society.
His fear of heights was attributed to an extremely painful experience in his childhood. He was once forced to stand alone on the 10-meter diving board for up to 10 minutes.
6.我们相信新发布的关于改善农村医疗系统富人文件必将终结农村地区缺医少药的时代(issue; bring sth to an end )
We believe that with the newly issued document on improving the medical system in rural areas, the era is to be brought to an end when such areas are always short of doctors and medicines.
第八单元4) Laura rejected all her parents’ offers of financial help and started to make an independent living.
5) The company has increased its share of the market both at home and abroad .
6) The tennis club rules dictate that suitable tennis shoes must be worn on the courts. 11) Some diseases are transmitted from parents to children; they are called hereditary diseases.
12) My uncle has spent a tremendous amount of money on that house—much greater than he had expected.
14) Adults are often less flexible (随遇而安的), so they need more time to adapt themselves to the new surroundings when they are transplanted to another place
As a proof of our hospitality, we Chinese will habitually urge our guests to help themselves to more dishes on the table.
2)移居到一个新的国家，你可以通过倾听人们的谈话，观察他们的举止来适应当地文化。(by means of; orient oneself to) When you move to a new land, you can orient yourself to the local culture by means of listening to what people say and observing how they act.
3)熟悉的环境给人安全感，所以人们往往有意无意地抵制或避开陌生环境。(familiarity; tendency) Familiarity with the environment gives a person a sense of security; so people have the tendency to resist or avoid new situations, consciously or unconsciously.
4)对某地区的人产生偏见甚至敌意，这经常源于我们对他们缺乏了解。(hostility; result from)
Prejudice against or even hostility towards people from a certain region often results from the fact that we know very little about we know virtually nothing about them.
I believe it is polite to decline directly, while my parents seldom say “No” so as not to embarrass others.
6)知识积累有两种方式:亲身体验和间接体验。能为我们打开不同文化世界的阅读属于间接体验。(build up; open up)
There are two means to build up knowledge: to get it personally or by second-hand experience. Reading, which opens up a new world of different cultures for us, belongs to second-hand experience
Today young people tend to jump on the bandwagon of love with so much haste(匆忙. 催促) (1) that they fail to realize the essence of true love. Given the current state of affairs（事件）(2), we need to consider more closely the nature of love. True love has to be distinguished（杰出的）(3) from the pleasures of the flesh. True love means a meeting of minds (4) and it takes time to blossom（兴旺）
(5). People who are in true love focus more on inner charm（魅力）
(6) than on physical beauty, more on intimacy（亲密）(7) than on closeness, more on emotion (8) than on passion, more on sharing than on acquiring（取得）(9). As true love happens once in a lifetime, they have in their minds the ideals (10) of the relationship. They
share mutual respect, admiration（钦佩）(11) and plenty of romance, so their relationship is lasting (12) and meaningful. Preserving true love requires effort, however. You should gift your object of affection（影响）(13) your time, company, support and friendship; you should give yourself and your beloved time and space to forge （伪造.铸造）(14) a life-long bond; and you should honor (15) your commitments. In short, you should devote yourself to your love. Your devotion to love will, in return, bring you an overwhelming(势不可挡) (16) joy.
What is genuine friendship? Some classical(古典的.经典的)(1) views may help us understand the notion(观念) (2) of friendship more clearly. Aristotle distinguishes genuine friendship from two other forms: one based on mutual utility(效用) (3) and the other on pleasure. While the ground (4) for the latter two forms of friendship is closely related to material benefits, short-term interests or age, genuine friendship occurs (5) only between those who are similar in their goodness (6). Cicero, another ancient scholar, believes that true friends' actions and lives should leave no question as to (7) their honor, purity, equity and liberality. Whether or not one possesses(拥有) (8) any superiority over the other, both must regard themselves as equals of the other and try their best to preserve(维护;维持) the friendship. Moreover, true friends are bound(结合) (9) together, as a friend is said to be a mirror (10) in which you may perceive and know yourself. When virtuous(品德高尚的) (11) friends are bonded together by a commitment(保证，承诺) (12) to the good, they can recognize each other's moral excellence (13) and fulfill their self-improvement.
AIDS is a terrible disease. It poses a threat(威胁) (1) to all the human beings without caring whether you are black or white, male or female, gay or straight, young or old. But what is at risk(处于危险中) (2) now is not just the people infected(受感染的) (3) with the disease. Human civilization itself is being threatened. This is because the whole society tolerates both ignorance of and prejudice(偏见.损害)(4) against HIV or AIDS. Once diagnosed (被诊断) as HIV-positive, the victims are isolated（孤立的）(5) or treated as outcasts. They are believed to have contracted（收缩的）(6) something evil or to have entered some alien state of being. As a result, these poor people have to shelter（掩蔽）(7) the flickering（闪烁的）candle of life from the cold wind of rejection by their family members. When they die of the disease, their families dare not whisper the word AIDS. They just grieve（悲伤）(8) silently. Thus, our prejudice and silence have
helped the disease along (9). Now HIV marches firmly towards AIDS in more than a million American homes, littering its pathway（途径）(10) with the bodies of the young. To guard against the disease effectively, we must take this issue (11) seriously. People should be educated to bring (12) those negative attitudes to an end. We should not see AIDS as something evil（邪恶）(13) and the patients as alien. Instead, we should concern ourselves with（涉及）(14) the prevention of the disease and render strong support (15) to the patients with more compassion. Only in this way can we have a better chance of winning the war against AIDS.
When we are suddenly transplanted（移居）(1) abroad, we may lose the peace of mind we need for everyday work and life. All the familiar cues（提示）(2) disappear including words, gestures, facial expressions, customs, or norms. We reject the foreign environment and slip into the tendency（倾向）(3) to believe that our culture, race and nation form the center of the world. The frustration（挫折）(4) and anxiety（焦虑）that can be attributed（把...归因于）(5) to the loss of familiar signs are symptoms of culture shock. One of the effective cures（治愈）(6) for this ailment is to know something about the nature of culture and its relationship to the individual. We should bear in mind that we are born with the capacity（能力）(7) to learn culture and use it. The culture of any people is the product of history and is
built up (8) over time. It is by means of (9) culture that we learn to adapt to the physical environment and to the people with whom we associate. Therefore, it is due to (10) our own lack of understanding of other people's cultural background and of the means of communication that we can not orient（定向.指引）ourselves to (11) the host country. Another quick way to get over (12) culture shock is
to know the language. Once we are equipped with the language, a whole new world of cultural meanings opens up (13) for us. We will begin to find out not only what people do and how they do things, but also what their interests are. In addition(另外) (14), it helps us to be a participant observer by joining the activities of the people and sharing in their responses, whether this be a carnival, a religious ritual, or some economic activity. 当我们突然间移植（移居）（1）在国外，我们可能会失去我们的日常工作和生活的需要平和的心态。所有熟悉的提示（提示）（2）消失，包括语言，手势，面部表情，海关，或规范。我们拒绝外国的环境和潜入的倾向（倾向）（3）相信，我们的文化，种族和民族，形成了世界的中心。的的挫折（挫折）（4）和焦虑（焦虑），可以归因（把...归因于）（5）的损失熟悉的标志是文化休克的症状。一个有效的治疗方法（治愈）（6）本病是知道一些关于文化的性质和个人的关系。我们应该牢记，我们生来就具有的能力（能力）（7）学习文化，并用它。对任何民族的文化是历史的产物，是建立（8）随着时间的推移。它是通过（9）文化，我们才能学会去适应的物理环境和人能与我们关联。因此，这是由于（10）我们对自己缺乏了解其他人的文化背景和通信的手段，我们不能定位（定向。指引）自己到东道国（11）。（12）上的文化冲击中得到一个快速的方法是知道的语言。一旦我们配备的语言，开辟了一个全新的世界的文化内涵（13）我们。我们将开始寻找，不仅人们做了什么，他们是如何做到的事情，但他们的利益是什么。（另外），（14）此外，它可以帮助我们的参与者观察员参加活动的人，分享他们的反应，这是否是一个狂欢节，宗教仪式，或某种经济活动..