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Unit 1

多辆汽车因刹车问题昨日被召回(because of ;recall)


3.要确保同样得错误今后不再发生了。(see it that)

4.现在他们之间的了解多了一些,他们相处得就好些了。(now that)

5.此时我发现自己被五六个男孩子围住了。(find oneself)

6.在这幸福的时刻,我向你致以最美好的祝愿。(on occasion)

1.More than 3000cars were recalled yesterday because of a brake problem.

2.He came to the meeting despite his serious illness.

3.See to it that the same mistake won't happen again.

4.Now that they've got to know more about each other,they get along better.

5.Then I found myself surrounded by five or six boys.

6.I send you my best wishes on this happy occasion.

Unit 2

1昨天我去牙科医生那儿将我的一颗蛀牙拔掉了。(pull out)

2.由于教育背景和工作经验不同,员工的薪水也大不相同。(depend on)3信息技术的使用可以给发展中国家带来巨大进步。(lead to)

4.你解决问题的方式不对。(in a …manner)

5.科学家认为,人类即将找到战胜癌症的有效方法。(on the verge of)


1 I went to the dentist yesterday to have a bad/decayed tooth pulled out.

2.Salary varies significantly,depending on the employees’educational backgrounds and work experience.

use of information technology could lead to major progress for developing countries.

4. You are not dealing with the problem in the right manner.

5. Scientists believe that humans are on the verge of finding an effective way tocure cancer.

6. Divorce can not be taken lightly.

Unit 3

1)很多事情导致了我与那家公司断绝关系。(contribute to)

2.面对严峻的疾病,她表现出了巨大的勇气。(in the face of)

3.我们得出结论,她讲的是真话。(come to)

4他的秘书没有告诉他那次会议的情况。(fail to)

5.学习语言不仅仅是记单词的问题。(a matter of)

6.她一旦决定了什么事,没有人能阻止她。(hold back)

7.他们说他们会努力学习,不辜负父母对他们的期望。(live up to)


to …as…)1A lot of things contributed to the end of my relationship with that company.2She showed great courage in the face of serious illness.

3We came to the conclusion that she was telling the truth.

4His secretary failed to tell him about the meeting.

5Learning alanguage isn’t just a matter of memorizing words.

6Once she has made her decision, no one can hold her back.

7They said they would study hard and live up to their parents’ expectations.8The scientist referred to the discovery as the most exciting new development inthis field.

Unit 4

1)我所能说的是我们十分抱歉这么早把你叫醒。(all… that…, wake up)

2)由于他的智慧和勤奋,他极有可能成功。(likely, intelligence, diligence)3)她跟我说话的样子很奇怪,好像我是这个国家的总统似的。(as if)

4)据报道,昨天的车祸中有三人受伤。(it is reported that…, injure)

5)病人今天早晨的情况同昨天差不多。(…much the same as)

8)他宁可呆在家里也不愿跟我们去看电影。(rather than)

1All I can say is that we are extremely sorry to wake you up so early.2He is highly likely to succeed because of his intelligence and diligence..3Theway she talked to me was strange /odd,as if I were the president of the country.4It is reported that three people were injured in the traffic accident yesterday.5The patient is much the same this morning as he was yesterday.

8He’d like to stay (at) home rather than go to a movie with us.

Unit 5

1.你会看到我现在说的会成为现实。(come true)

2当年轻人处于单身时,他们容易受到来自他人的压力。(be open to)

3失业问题与新技术的发展密切相关。(be tied up with)


5导游说有些城堡的历史可以追溯到13世纪。(date back to)


1You will see that what I am saying now will come true.

2When young people remain single, they are open to pressure from other people.3The problem of unemployment is tied up with the development of new technology.4His appearance has changed so much that you may well not recognize him.5The tour guide said that some castles date back to the 13th century.6She has never done anything for them, whereasthey have done everything they can for her.

Unit 6

1我们认为他是本场比赛表现最精彩的球员之一。(regard as)

2那位科学家捡起那些小石块,并小心翼翼地把它们放在一个盒子里。(pick up)3中国的人口几乎是美国人口的五倍。(…times as…as)

4对那个小男孩来说,草为什么是绿的曾经是个谜。(the reason why)


6由于最近销售量的下降,盈利也出现了滑坡。(as a result of)

7她戴上墨镜以便保护自己不受强烈光芒的照射。(as a protection against)8经过那件事后人们再也不能相信他了。(no longer)

1We regard him as one of the best players in the game.

2The scientist picked up those little pieces of rock and carefully put them intoa box.

3Thepopulation of China is almost five times as large as that of the United States.4 The reason why grass is green was once a mystery to the little boy.5She was standing by the window apparently quite calm and relaxed.

6Profits have declined as a result of the recent drop in sales.

7She put on dark glasses as a protection against the strong light.

8People no longer trusted him after that incident.

Unit 7

1你只要把这首歌唱几遍,你的孩子就会记住歌词。(pick up)


3缺乏维生素A会导致夜盲。(inadequate, vitamin A )

4我会用计算机,但是一说到修理计算机,我就一无所知了。(when it comes to)5很多母亲试图在他们的女儿身上实现她们的梦想。(many a )




1Ifyou sing the song several times ,yourchildren will (beginto)pick up the words.2We tried to assure the nervous old man that flying/air travel was safe.3An inadequate supply of vitamin A may lead to night blindness.

4Ican use a computer but when it comes to computer repairing,I know nothing about it.

5Many a mother tries to have her dreams realized by her daughter.

6The bad weather discouraged people from attending the parade.

7. I gave him some pills to ease his pain.

8The job involves working abroad three months each year.


新编大学英语教案(第二册)_U n i t2 C o m m u n i c a t i o n P r o b l e m s -CAL-FENGHAI-(2020YEAR-YICAI)_JINGBIAN

Unit Two Communication problems Teaching Objectives 1. Let the students have some ideas of the common ways we usually use in our daily life to communicate. 2. Make the students find the efficient ways to communicate with each other. 3. Let the students come up with the ways to avoid misunderstandings. Teaching allotment six academic hours Focus points 1.key words and phrases assume, conflict, convey, emphasis, ignore, misinterpret, react, verge, feel like, for effect, on the verge of, pull out, take----lightly 2.difficult sentences 1) When Martians and Venusians first got together, they encountered many of the problems with relationships we have today. 2) So when communication problems emerged, they assumed it was just one of those expected misunderstandings and that with a little assistance they would surely understand each other. 3) To fully express their feelings, women would tend to exaggerate the facts a little bit for effect and use various superlatives, metaphors, and generalizations. 3.grammar focus prefix “mis---”的不同意义 Related Information It is well-known that learning a second language is never easy, and, generally speaking, the older one is when one attempts a new language, the more difficult it becomes. This is at least partly due to what is known as language interference, meaning that the linguistic patterns of our first language interfere with those of the second because no two languages have exactly the same sounds and grammatical structures. The English language has a very large vocabulary because it has incorporated words from many other languages over the centuries. This is nowhere more apparent than in its color words. For example, there are many words that express the color “purple”, describing its different shades and hues: mauve, violet, lilac, or lavender. An interesting 2


Unit 1 Personality In-Class Reading 羞怯的痛苦 1 对许多人来说,羞怯是很多不愉快的起因。各种各样的人——矮的、高的、愚笨的、聪明的、年轻的、年老的、瘦的、胖的——都说自己是羞怯的。羞怯的人会焦虑不安,感到不自然;也就是说,他们过分地关注自己的外表和举止。脑海中不断盘旋着一些使自己不安的想法:我给人留下的是什么印象?他们喜欢我吗?我讲话是不是傻里傻气?我长得难看。我穿的衣服毫不引人注目。 2 很显然这种不安的感觉会对人产生不利的影响。一个人的自我看法反映在自己的行为方式之中,而一个人的行为方式又影响他人的反应。通常,人们如何看待自己对他们生活的各个方面都会产生深刻的影响。例如,具有积极的自我价值观或很强自尊心的人往往表现出自信。而由于自信,他们不需要他人不断地称赞和鼓励,也能使自己感觉良好。自信者热情、自发地投入生活。他们不因别人认为他们“该”做什么而受到影响。有很强自尊心的人不会被批评所伤害;他们不会把批评看作是人身攻击。相反,他们认为批评是一种提醒他们改进的建议。 3 相比之下,羞怯的人自尊心较弱,往往消极被动并且容易受他人影响。他们(是否)在做“该做的事情”需要得到别人的肯定。害羞的人对批评非常敏感;他们觉得批评正好证实了他们比别人差。他们也很难因别人的赞美而高兴,因为他们相信自己不值得称赞。羞怯的人也许会用这样的话来回答别人的赞美之辞:“你这么说只是为了让我感觉好一些。我知道这不是真的。”显然,尽管自我意识是一种健康的品质,过分的自我意识却是不利和有害的。 4能否彻底消除或者至少减轻羞怯感呢?幸运的是,人们能够通过坚持不懈的努力建立自信从而克服羞怯。由于胆怯和缺少自尊是密切相关的,因此正视自己的弱点和正视自己的优点一样重要。例如,大多数人希望每门功课都得A。 5 如果仅仅因为在某些领域有困难,就把自己列为差生,这不恰如其分。人们对自己的期望必须现实。老是想那些不可能的事情会令自己觉得无能,甚至产生嫉妒。当我们嫉妒比自己成绩好的学生时,我们正在自我否定。如果你害羞,这里有些具体有效的步骤帮助你树立信心并克服羞怯感: 6 1.认清自己的优缺点。每个人既有优点又有缺点。随着对自我的不断认同,羞怯感就会自然减弱。 7 2.确定合理的目标。例如,在聚会时和一群陌生人在一起,你也许会怯场。不要以为你必须和每个人交谈。集中精力,仅和一两个人交谈,你会感到更自在些。 8 3.疚和羞耻感是消极的情感。不要把时间和精力浪费在这上头。假设你伤害了某人的感情,(光)感到羞愧是无济于事的。相反,应该承认你犯了个错误,并决心在将来更加善解人意。 9 4.所有问题都有许多种解决办法。很少有完全正确或完全错误的意见。要敢于公开表达自己的观点。 10 5.不要对自己做消极的评论。这是一种自我否定。千万别把自己描述为愚蠢的、丑陋的,或者一个失败者。注重自己积极的方面。


Reading comprehension 1略 2 BDCAC AADBB Vocabulary 1. 1) A. entertaining B. entertainment C. entertained D. entertainer 2) A. recognizable B. recognized C. recognition 3) A. tempting B. temptation C. tempt 4) A. reasoned B. reasoning C. reasonable D. reason 5) A. analyzed B. analytical C. analyst D. analysis 6) A. valuable B. valuation C. valued/values D. values 7) A. humorist B. humor C. humorous D. humorless 8) A. understandable B. understanding C. understand D. misunderstood 2. 1) a sense of responsibility 2) a sense of safety/security 3) a sense of inferiority 4) a sense of superiority 5) a sense of rhythm 6) a sense of justice 7) a sense of shame 8) a sense of helplessness 9) a sense of direction 10) a sense of urgency 3. 1) Lively behavior is normal 2) Fast cars appeal to 3) diverse arguments 4) I asked my boss for clarification 5) sensitive to light 6) Mutual encouragement 7) made fun of him 8) persists in his opinion/viewpoint 9) to be the focus/center of attention 10) we buy our tickets in advance 4. 1)certain/sure 2) involved 3) end 4) behavior 5) disciplining 6) agreed 7) individually 8) first 9) response 10) question 11) attempt 12) voice 13) directly 14) followed 15) trouble Unit 2 便笺的力量 Reading comprehension 1略 2 FFTFTFTFTTFTFT Vocabulary 1. Creating Compound Words

新编大学英语第三版综合教程2 Unit1课后答案

Unit 1 Love Part 2 Reading-Centered Activities *Reading Comprehension 1. Para.1-4 C para.5-7 A para.8-11 B para.12-13 D 2. 1) They would stare at them. 2) He felt embarrassed/ashamed. 3) He never let on. 4) He usually walked there with the help of his son. 5) He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station. 6) He liked baseball, dances, and parties. 7) He asked them to sit down and fight with him. 8) He was proud of his son. 9) He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him. 10) He learned to have a good heart from his father. 3. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) B 5) D 6) A 7) B 8) C 9) D 10) A 4. 1) the difficulty in coordinating the steps 2) whether a person has a good heart 3) a good heart 4) the baseball team 5) sat down to fight 6) what the son has achieved, i.e. serving in the Navy 7) sensed my reluctance to be seen with him during our walks 8) the reluctance to walk with him *Vocabulary 1. 1) urged 2) bother 3) embarrassed 4) adjusted 5) complain 6) kid 7) subject 8) saw to it that 9) coordinate 10) participate in 2. patient--patience enter--entrance Bitter--bitterness complain--complaint Fortunate--fortune envy--envious


新编大学英语3课后翻译 1)你应该适当花一点时间休息和锻炼。You should spend a reasonable amount of time relaxing and exercising. 2) 总的来说,孩子们比过去任何时候都更健康,受到了更好的教育。In general, children are healthier and better educated than ever before. 3) 待适当的机会来临,他就能抓住。When the right opportunity co mes along, he’ll take it. 4) 每天他都留出点时间跟家人在一起,享受生活。Every day he sets aside some time to be with his family and enjoy life. 5) 我记得那些黑暗的街道以及同父亲手拉手走路的情景。I remember those dark streets and walking hand in hand with my father. 6) 他最终辜负了父母的期望。He finally failed to live up to his parents’ expectations. Unit 2 1) She wore a dress __with a pattern of rose有玫瑰图案) on it. 2) Helen had _prepared a wonderful/good meal for us (为我们准备了一顿丰盛的饭菜). 3) Ann ___promised faithfully (信誓旦旦地保证) that she would never tell.

Unit 7 The Joy of Travel新编大学英语第二版第三册课文翻译

Unit 7 The Joy of Travel Transformative Travel Twenty-five years ago I felt like a wreck. Although I was just 23, my life already seemed over. The future appeared as much like a wasteland as the emptiness I could see while looking back to the past. I felt lost, without choices, without hope. I was stuck in a job I hated and trapped in an engagement with a woman I didn't love. At the time, both commitments seemed like a good idea, but I suppose it was the fantasy of being a successful, married businessman that appealed to me far more than the reality. I decided to take a class just for the entertainment value. It happened to be an introductory counseling course, one that involved personal sharing in the group. We were challenged to make commitments publicly about things we would like to change in our lives, and in a moment of pure impulsiveness, I declared that by the next class meeting I was going to quit my job and end my engagement. A few days later I found myself unemployed and unattached, excited by the freedom, yet terrified about what to do next. I needed some kind of transition from my old life to a new one, a sort of ritual that would help me to transform myself from one person into another. So I did something just as impulsive as my previous actions: I booked a trip for a week in Aruba. In spite of what others might have thought, I was not running away from something but to something. I wanted a clean break, and I knew I needed to get away from my usual environment and influences so as to think clearly about where I was headed. Once settled into my room on the little island of Aruba, I began my process of self-change. I really could have been anywhere as long as nobody could reach me by phone and I had the peace and quiet to think about what I wanted to do. I spent the mornings going for long walks on the beach, the afternoons sitting under my favorite tree, reading books and listening to tapes. Probably most important of all, I forced myself to get out of my room and go to meet people. Ordinarily shy, I now decided that I was someone who was perfectly capable of having a conversation with anyone I chose. Since nobody knew the "real" me, the way I had always been, I felt free to be completely different. It took me almost a year to pay off that trip, but I am convinced that my single week in Aruba was worth three years in therapy. That trip started a number of processes that helped me to transform myself. This is how I did it: I created a mindset that made me ready for change. I expected that big things were


Unit 1 Personality 羞怯的痛苦 对许多人来说,羞怯是很多不愉快的起因。各种各样的人——矮的、高的、愚笨的、聪明的、年轻的、年老的、瘦的、胖的——都说自己是羞怯的。羞怯的人会焦虑不安,感到不自然;也就是说,他们过分地关注自己的外表和举止。脑海中不断盘旋着一些使自己不安的想法:我给人留下的是什么印象?他们喜欢我吗?我讲话是不是傻里傻气?我长得难看。我穿的衣服毫不引人注目。很显然这种不安的感觉会对人产生不利的影响。一个人的自我看法反映在自己的行为方式之中,而一个人的行为方式又影响他人的反应。通常,人们如何看待自己对他们生活的各个方面都会产生深刻的影响。例如,具有积极的自我价值观或很强自尊心的人往往表现出自信。而由于自信,他们不需要他人不断地称赞和鼓励,也能使自己感觉良好。自信者热情、自发地投入生活。他们不因别人认为他们“该”做什么而受到影响。有很强自尊心的人不会被批评所伤害;他们不会把批评看作是人身攻击。相反,他们认为批评是一种提醒他们改进的建议。相比之下,羞怯的人自尊心较弱,往往消极被动并且容易受他人影响。他们(是否)在做“该做的事情”需要得到别人的肯定。害羞的人对批评非常敏感;他们觉得批评正好证实了他们比别人差。他们也很难因别人的赞美而高兴,因为他们相信自己不值得称赞。羞怯的人也许会用这样的话来回答别人的赞美之辞:“你这么说只是为了让我感觉好一些。我知道这不是真的。”显然,尽管自我意识是一种健康的品质,过分的自我意识却是不利和有害的。能否彻底消除或者至少减轻羞怯感呢?幸运的是,人们能够通过坚持不懈的努力建立自信从而克服羞怯。由于胆怯和缺少自尊是密切相关的,因此正视自己的弱点和正视自己的优点一样重要。例如,大多数人希望每门功课都得A。如果仅仅因为在某些领域有困难,就把自己列为差生,这不恰如其分。人们对自己的期望必须现实。老是想那些不可能的事情会令自己觉得无能,甚至产生嫉妒。当我们嫉妒比自己成绩好的学生时,我们正在自我否定。如果你害羞,这里有些具体有效的步骤帮助你树立信心并克服羞怯感:1.认清自己的优缺点。每个人既有优点又有缺点。随着对自我的不断认同,羞怯感就会自然减弱。2.确定合理的目标。例如,在聚会时和一群陌生人在一起,你也许会怯场。不要以为你必须和每个人交谈。集中精力,仅和一两个人交谈,你会感到更自在些。3.内疚和羞耻感是消极的情感。不要把时间和精力浪费在这上头。假设你伤害了某人的感情,(光)感到羞愧是无济于事的。相反,应该承认你犯了个错误,并决心在将来更加善解人意。4.所有问题都有许多种解决办法。很少有完全正确或完全错误的意见。要敢于公开表达自己的观点。5.不要对自己做消极的评论。这是一种自我否定。千万别把自己描述为愚蠢的、丑陋的,或者一个失败者。注重自己积极的方面。6.接受批评时要缜密思考。不要把批评理解为人身攻击。例如,如果一位朋友抱怨你的烹饪技术,要把这当成对你的烹饪技术而不是对你本人的评价而接受下来。放心,你们还是好朋友,但你的烹饪技术也许确实有待改进。7.记住,每个人都会经历一些失败和挫折。要把它们作为增长见识的经历,从中受益。挫折往往会成为转机,随之而来的将是一段美妙绝伦的经历。例如,你可能被你所中意的大学拒之门外。然而,在你就读的大学里,你可能发现这里教育的某一特点比你料想的好得多。8.有些人会使你感到自己无能,不要和这种人交往。去设法改变他们对你的态度或者改变你对自己的态度,要不就脱离这种关系。伤害你的人并不关心你的最大利益。9.留出时间休息,享受自己的业余爱好,并且定期地重新审定自己的目标。为此所花费的时间有助于更好地了解你自己。10.多在社交场合中锻炼。不要把自己同他人隔离开来。设法一次结识一位朋友;最终你将能够娴熟而自信地在众人中周旋。我们每个人都是独一无二、难能可贵的个体。我们自有吸引人的地方。我们对自己了解得越多,就越容易充分发挥自己的潜力。不要让羞怯成为阻碍我们拥有丰富和成功生活的绊脚石。 Unit3 Social Problems

新编大学英语3 课文翻译及习题答案 unit9

Unit 9 Music In-Class Reading Music to Your Gear 参考译文 音乐与开车 安迪·埃利斯 1 尽管音乐能使你胸中的怒气平息,但是开车时听音乐也会损害你的健康。近期研究表明,听声音很响的音乐会严重地影响司机的注意力,而且心理学家也提醒人们,不断地在车里放这种音乐是很危险的,尤其是处于车流中或在高速公路上开车时。 2 音乐有两个极端,任何一个极端都有可能带来危险。重金属音乐以其强烈的节奏会使人莽撞驾驶,而聆听处于另一个极端的优美的、令人舒心的音乐,会使司机过分放松,以至于丧失安全意识,陷入迷迷糊糊的欲睡状态。 3 英国汽车协会一直关注道路安全,它委托搞了一个项目,研究严重车祸与音乐之间的关系。这项研究发现,17至25年龄段的男人是最危险、最易产生车祸的群体。研究还发现,这个群体的人70%的开车时间都在听音乐。 4 快节奏或重金属音乐要是放得很响,会使人易怒好斗,开起车来就会冲劲十足,这种司机也就更容易去冒险。开车的速度受到了音乐的速度和节奏的控制。 5 在试验中,给那些自愿参加实验的司机听声音很响的音乐,他们说尽管他们不一定感到非要开快车,但的确发现自己换档更快了,加速也快了,刹车更急了。若是让这些司机听慢节奏的抒情曲,他们承认经常感到自己走神,他们在高速公路上长途开车时,至少有两位参试的司机发现自己不知不觉地在跨越车道标记。 6 这些自愿参试的司机(有些刚刚拿到驾驶执照)所发表的意见非常说明问题。十八岁的西蒙告诉英国汽车协会,“《走出地狱的蝙蝠》里的快节奏摇滚乐真会让人送命的。我发现自己不知不觉地越开越快。” 7 另一名自愿参试的司机一直在听ZZ Top乐队最流行的曲子,他说,“我一直在快速行驶,扯着嗓门唱歌,没有看见也没有听见那辆一直想超过我的消防车。” 8 还有些人说:“我陷入了深思”…… “人的感觉会变得麻木” …… “听不见别的汽车是个问题”,“我一直在随着音乐的节奏加快速度。” 9 一些慢节奏的背景音乐,如肖邦的音乐,会刺激人的大脑,使思维模式发生变化,激发阿尔法脑波,使人有一种舒服愉快的感觉。处于放松状态在大多数情况下对我们有好处,但开车时则不然。心理学家雪利?费希尔教授提醒人们说:“最大的危险是疲劳驾驶。有些音乐会使你无法集中注意力,甚至陷入轻度睡眠状态,那样就会造成可怕的惨祸。” 10 “问题的关键在于根据具体情况选择合适的音乐。刺激性的音乐适合在漫长、枯燥的道路上听,但是当交通状况糟糕时,或是交通拥挤时,这种音乐会分散你的注意力。” 11 然而,音乐也有其好的一面,正如英国汽车协会的心理学家罗伯特?韦斯特所指出的那样:“如果有些音乐影响我们安全行驶,那么反过来也是有道理的。


Unit 3 Born to Win Part 2 Reading-Centered Activities *Reading Comprehension 1.1) Introduction (Para.1) Each person has the potential to win in his own way. 2) The meaning of “winner” and “loser”(Para.2) A winter is one who responds genuinely by being trustworthy and responsive. A loser is one who fails to respond genuinely. 3) Few people are winners and losers all the time.(Para.3) 4) Winners (Para. 4-7) Characteristics of a winner: A. A winter is genuine. B. A winner is not afraid to do his own thinking and to use his own knowledge. C. A winner is flexible. D. A winner has a love for life. E. A winner cares about the world and its people. 5) Losers (Para. 8-10) Possible causes: Poor nutrition, cruelty, unhappy relationship, disease, continuing disappointments, and inadequate physical care. Characteristics of a loser: A. A loser lacks the ability to appropriately express himself through a full range of possible behavior. B. A loser has difficulty giving and receiving love. 2. 1) C 2) A 3) A 4) B 5) C *Vocabulary 1. 1) appreciate A.感激 B. 欣赏,赏识 2 ) capacity A. 容量,容积,容纳力 B. 能力,力量,才能


Unit 1 ●Part Two Reading centered activities Pre-reading Reading Comprehension 1.Understanding the structure of the passage Para.1-4 c para.5-7 a para.8-11 b para.12-13 d 2. 1) They would stare at them. 2) He felt embarrassed/ ashamed 3) He never let on. 4) He usually walked there with the help of his son 5) He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station 6) He like basketball, dances, and parties 7) He asked them to sit down and fight with him. 8) He was proud of his son 9) He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him. 10) He learned to have a good heart from his father. 3. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) B 5) D 6) A7) B 8) C 9) D 10) A 4. Understanding the reference Words. 1)the difficulty in coordination the steps 2)whether a person has a good heart 3) a good heart 4)the baseball team 5)sat down to fight 6)what the son has achieved 7)sensed 8)the reluctance to walk with him ●Vocabulary 1. 1) urged 2) halted 3) bother 4) embarrassed 5) adjusted 6) complain 7) kid 8)engage 9)subject 10)saw to it that 11)coordinate 12)participate 2.Word-building patience


Unit 1 Personality羞怯的痛苦 对许多人来说,羞怯是很多不愉快的起因。各种各样的人——矮的、高的、愚笨的、聪明的、年轻的、年老的、瘦的、胖的——都说自己是羞怯的。羞怯的人会焦虑不安,感到不自然;也就是说,他们过分地关注自己的外表和举止。脑海中不断盘旋着一些使自己不安的想法:我给人留下的是什么印象?他们喜欢我吗?我讲话是不是傻里傻气?我长得难看。我穿的衣服毫不引人注目。很显然这种不安的感觉会对人产生不利的影响。一个人的自我看法反映在自己的行为方式之中,而一个人的行为方式又影响他人的反应。通常,人们如何看待自己对他们生活的各个方面都会产生深刻的影响。例如,具有积极的自我价值观或很强自尊心的人往往表现出自信。而由于自信,他们不需要他人不断地称赞和鼓励,也能使自己感觉良好。自信者热情、自发地投入生活。他们不因别人认为他们“该”做什么而受到影响。有很强自尊心的人不会被批评所伤害;他们不会把批评看作是人身攻击。相反,他们认为批评是一种提醒他们改进的建议。相比之下,羞怯的人自尊心较弱,往往消极被动并且容易受他人影响。他们(是否)在做“该做的事情”需要得到别人的肯定。害羞的人对批评非常敏感;他们觉得批评正好证实了他们比别人差。他们也很难因别人的赞美而高兴,因为他们相信自己不值得称赞。羞怯的人也许会用这样的话来回答别人的赞美之辞:“你这么说只是为了让我感觉好一些。我知道这不是真的。”显然,尽管自我意识是一种健康的品质,过分的自我意识却是不利和有害的。能否彻底消除或者至少减轻羞怯感呢?幸运的是,人们能够通过坚持不懈的努力建立自信从而克服羞怯。由于胆怯和缺少自尊是密切相关的,因此正视自己的弱点和正视自己的优点一样重要。例如,大多数人希望每门功课都得A。如果仅仅因为在某些领域有困难,就把自己列为差生,这不恰如其分。人们对自己的期望必须现实。老是想那些不可能的事情会令自己觉得无能,甚至产生嫉妒。当我们嫉妒比自己成绩好的学生时,我们正在自我否定。如果你害羞,这里有些具体有效的步骤帮助你树立信心并克服羞怯感:1.认清自己的优缺点。每个人既有优点又有缺点。随着对自我的不断认同,羞怯感就会自然减弱。2.确定合理的目标。例如,在聚会时和一群陌生人在一起,你也许会怯场。不要以为你必须和每个人交谈。集中精力,仅和一两个人交谈,你会感到更自在些。3.内疚和羞耻感是消极的情感。不要把时间和精力浪费在这上头。假设你伤害了某人的感情,(光)感到羞愧是无济于事的。相反,应该承认你犯了个错误,并决心在将来更加善解人意。4.所有问题都有许多种解决办法。很少有完全正确或完全错误的意见。要敢于公开表达自己的观点。5.不要对自己做消极的评论。这是一种自我否定。千万别把自己描述为愚蠢的、丑陋的,或者一个失败者。注重自己积极的方面。6.接受批评时要缜密思考。不要把批评理解为人身攻击。例如,如果一位朋友抱怨你的烹饪技术,要把这当成对你的烹饪技术而不是对你本人的评价而接受下来。放心,你们还是好朋友,但你的烹饪技术也许确实有待改进。7.记住,每个人都会经历一些失败和挫折。要把它们作为增长见识的经历,从中受益。挫折往往会成为转机,随之而来的将是一段美妙绝伦的经历。例如,你可能被你所中意的大学拒之门外。然而,


课内阅读参考译文及课后习题答案(Book 4) Unit 1 享受幽默—什么东西令人开怀? 1 听了一个有趣的故事会发笑、很开心,古今中外都一样。这一现象或许同语言本身一样悠久。那么,到底是什么东西会使一个故事或笑话让人感到滑稽可笑的呢? 2 我是第一次辨识出幽默便喜欢上它的人,因此我曾试图跟学生议论和探讨幽默。这些学生文化差异很大,有来自拉丁美洲的,也有来自中国的。我还认真地思考过一些滑稽有趣的故事。这么做完全是出于自己的喜好。 3 为什么听我讲完一个笑话后,班上有些学生会笑得前仰后合,而其他学生看上去就像刚听我读了天气预报一样呢?显然,有些人对幽默比别人更敏感。而且,我们也发现有的人很善于讲笑话,而有的人要想说一点有趣的事却要费好大的劲。我们都听人说过这样的话:“我喜欢笑话,但我讲不好,也总是记不住。”有些人比别人更有幽默感,就像有些人更具有音乐、数学之类的才能一样。一个真正风趣的人在任何场合都有笑话可讲,而且讲了一个笑话,就会从他记忆里引出一连串的笑话。一个缺乏幽默感的人不可能成为一群人中最受欢迎的人。一个真正有幽默感的人不仅受人喜爱,而且在任何聚会上也往往是人们注意的焦点。这么说是有道理的。 4 甚至有些动物也具有幽默感。我岳母从前经常来我们家,并能住上很长一段时间。通常她不喜欢狗,但却很喜欢布利茨恩—我们养过的一条拉布拉多母猎犬。而且,她们的这种喜欢是相互的。布利茨恩在很小的时候就常常戏弄外祖母,当外祖母坐在起居室里她最喜欢的那张舒适的椅子上时,布利茨恩就故意把她卧室里的一只拖鞋叼到起居室,并在外祖母刚好够不到的地方蹦来跳去,一直逗到外祖母忍不住站起来去拿那只拖鞋。外祖母从椅子上一起来,布利茨恩就迅速跳上那椅子,从它那闪亮的棕色眼睛里掠过一丝拉布拉多式的微笑,无疑是在说:“啊哈,你又上了我的当。” 5 典型的笑话或幽默故事由明显的三部分构成。第一部分是铺垫(即背景),接下来是主干部分(即故事情节),随后便是妙语(即一个出人意料或令人惊讶的结尾)。如果这个妙语含有一定的幽默成分,这个笑话便会很有趣。通常笑话都包含这三部分,而且每部分都必须交代清楚。如果讲故事或说笑话的人使用听众都熟悉的手势和语言,则有助于增强效果。 6 我们可以对幽默这种娱乐形式,进行分析,从而发现究竟是什么使一个有趣的故事或笑话令人发笑。举例来说,最常见的幽默有以下几种,包括了从最显而易见的幽默到比较微妙含蓄的幽默。 7 “滑稽剧”是最明显的幽默。它语言简单、直截了当,常常以取笑他人为乐。说笑打闹这种形式过去是、现在仍然是滑稽说笑演员和小丑的惯用技巧。它为不同年龄、不同文化背景的人们所喜爱。几乎本世纪的每个讲英语的滑稽说笑演员都曾以这样或那样的方式说过下面这则笑话。一位男士问另一位男士:“昨晚我看到的那位和你在一起的贵妇是谁?”那位男士回答道:“那可不是什么贵妇,那是我老婆。”这个笑话的幽默之处在于第二位男士说他的妻子不是一位贵妇,也就是说她不是一个高雅的女人。这个笑话并没有因为经常讲而变得不再那么好笑。由于这是一个经典笑话,观众都知道要说什么,而且因为大家对这个笑话很熟悉而更加珍爱它。 8 中国的相声是一种特殊的滑稽剧。相声中两名中国喜剧演员幽默地谈论诸如官僚主义者、家庭问题或其他一些有关个人的话题。相声随处都能听到,无论是在乡村的小舞台上,还是在北京最大的剧院里,抑或在广播、电视上。它显然是中国人家喻户晓的一种传统的幽默形式。 9 “俏皮话”不像滑稽剧那样浅显,它是因语言的误用或误解而引人发笑。我特别喜欢


Unit1 1 Shyness can vary from feeling mild discomfort to high levels of anxiety (从感觉轻微的不适高度的焦虑) that impact us in almost everything we do. 2 Despite his stubbornness, he knew in his heart that he should avoid arousing any suspicions(避免引起任何怀疑). 3 It will be interpreted as criticism no matter what you say.(成批评,无论你说什么). 4 Let’s not allow ourselves to be upset by trifles (让我们不要为小事情烦心) (which) we should ignore and forget. 5 Too much time spent dwelling on the past (花太多的时间老是想着过去) can get in the way of enjoying life as it happens. 6 People who believe they can accomplish goals and solve problems (相信自己能够完成目标并解决问题的人) are more likely to do well in school. Unit2 1.She wore a dress with pattern of roses (有玫瑰图案)on it. 2.Helen had prepared a wonderful meal for us.(为我们准备了一顿丰盛的饭菜) 3.Ann promised faithfully (信誓旦旦地保证)that she would never tell. 4.Could you deliver this letter(把这封信送到)to the accounts department? 5.We well offered a selection of milk and plain chocolate.(精选的牛奶巧克力和纯巧克力) 6.Tell the children to keep out of mischief themselves.(别胡闹) 7.We could hear the sound of distant thunder.(远处打雷的声音) 8.The project has now received approval form the government .(得到政府的批准) 9.Kelly loved her husband in spite of the fact that he drank too much.(虽然他喝酒太多) 10.Experts seem unable to agree whether the drug is safe or not .(就这个药是否安全取得一致意见) Unit 3 1.由于紧急情况,这个医生几小时内都没有空 Because of an emergency, the doctor will not be available for several hours. 2.税收将会如何影响低收入的人? How will taxes affect people with low incomes? 3.我母亲总是告诉我,从长远来看我会很高兴我没有放弃练钢琴 My mother always told m e that in the long run I would be glad I didn’t give up practicing the piano. 4.这些书的价格从10美元到20美元不等 These book range in price from $10 to $20. 5.在我看来你没有什么选择 6.It seems to me that you don’t have much choice. 6.考虑到他们缺乏经验,这工作他们已做的相当不错了 Given their inexperience, they have done quite a good job. 7. 对这么一幢大房子来说这价格相当便宜,但你得考虑维修费用 For such a big house the price is fairly low/cheap, but you’ve got to take into consideration the money you will spend on repairs. 8.我们能否从讨论上会议产生的问题开始? Can we begin with discussing questions arising from the last meeting?