搜档网
当前位置:搜档网 › 2017年广州版八年级上册英语Unit5Educational exchange课内重点分析及语法详解

2017年广州版八年级上册英语Unit5Educational exchange课内重点分析及语法详解

2017年广州版八年级上册英语Unit5Educational exchange课内重点分析及语法详解
2017年广州版八年级上册英语Unit5Educational exchange课内重点分析及语法详解

Unit5

◆知识探究

Step oneReading & Listening讲解

1.I was very nervous at first.says Sarah. 萨拉说我起初很紧张。

at first“起初;起先”,它主要用于强调前后对照,暗示接下来的动作与前面的动作不同,甚至相反。反义短语:at last最终。如:

At first he didn’t agree, but at last he had to.起初他不同意,但最终只好同意了。( )______,the Internet was only used by the government. But now it’s widely used in every field.

A. As usually

B. At first

C. After all

D. So far

2. However ,my host family are friendly .但是,我的寄宿家庭非常友好。

friendly 比较级friendlier/more friendly ,最高级friendliest / most friendly.

常构成短语be friendly to sb. 对某人友好;be friendly with sb. 与某人友好相处。

①他们班里的每个人对我都很友好。

Everyone in their class _____ _________ _____ me.

②我们很快就与邻居们友好相处了。

We soon became ________ _______ the neighbors.

3.I’ve learnt to use chopsticks , and they’re teaching me a little Chinese!

我学会使用筷子了,并且他们正在教我一些汉语。

a little 意思是“一点点,稍许”用来修饰不可数名词,表示数量,也可以修饰形容词和副词的原级或比较级,表示程度。

①杯子里有点水。

There is _____ ________ water in the glass.

②长途跋涉以后,我有点累了。

After a long walk,I felt _____ ________ tired.

辨析: a little , little , a few , few

随堂练习:用a little , little , a few , few填空。

①一点牛奶就够了。

_____________ milk is enough.

②快点!没剩多少时间了。

Hurry up! There is __________ time left.

③妈妈给我买了些苹果。

My mother bought me _____________ apples.

④他初来乍到,因此没有几个朋友。

He is new here , so he has ___________ friends.

4. It’s been a fantastic experience so far , says Eric.

到目前为止,它是一次很棒的经历。埃里克说。

experience 此处作可数名词,意识是“经历”,而这个单词在作“经验”的意思时,为不可数名词。

so far ,意思是“到目前为止”,多用于现在完成时。

①做一名志愿者对我来说是一次有趣的经历。

It was ___________________ for me to be a volunteer.

②这个老师有很多处理青少年问题的经验。

The teacher has a lot _____________ dealing with the teens’ problems.

③我已经见过很多动物了,到目前为止.

I have seen lots of animals.

④我已经看了三本书到目前为止.

I three books .

5. I’ve learnt a bit of tai chi , and I really enjoy it. 我学了一点太极拳,并且我十分喜欢它。

a bit of 一点,小量用于修饰不可数名词。例如:

a bit of water a bit of milk a bit of money

辨析:a bit of , a bit , a little

①瓶子里有点水。

There is _______________ water in the bottle.

②请打开窗,天气有点热。

Please open the window , it’s ________________ hot.

6.The teachers have introduced us to Chinese painting as well.

老师也使我们初次了解中国画。

introduce sb. to sth.使某人初次了解…;使尝试。如:

Jack introduces me to the new type of mobile phone.

杰克让我了解了这款新型手机。

I’d like to introduce you to the French food in that restaurant.

我想让你们尝尝那家餐馆的法国菜。

introduce sb. to sb.介绍某人给某人认识。如:

Let me introduce my cousin Sarah to you.我来介绍我的表妹萨拉给你认识。

I was introduces to Mr. Smith.我被引见给史密斯先生。

7. We’ve also tried to paint some pictures ourselves! 我们自己也试着画了一些中国画。

try to do sth. 尽力做某事,其否定形式为try not to do sth. 尽力不要做某事

辨析:try to do sth. 与try doing sth.

①我尽力把英语学好。

I ______ ____ ______ English well.

②他试着把这个难题算出来。

He _______ ________ out the math problem.

8.I haven’t had much success yet. but I’ll keep trying.

(1)success名词,“成功,胜利“

【拓展】successful形容词,成功的successfully 副词,成功地succeed动词,成功succeed in doing sth. 成功地做某事

Don’t give up. You know hard work leads to _______________(成功).

(2)yet副词,“还,已经”,多用于现在完成时态的一般疑问句和否定句末尾,并可与not连用构成省略回答。

I haven’t heard from her yet. 我还没有收到她的信。

-- Have you finished your homework? 你完成你的家庭作业了吗?-- Not yet. 还没有。

(3)keep doing sth. 继续做某事相当于keep on doing sth.

【拓展】keep sb. doing sth. 使某人一直做某事

It’t not polite to keep guests waiting for you.

9.I plan to keep in touch with them when I return home.

plan此处用作动词,意为“计划” plan to do sth. 计划做某事

plan还可作可数名词,意为“计划” make a plan / plans 制订计划

10.We’ll see on another soon because they’ll come over to the UK for the second part of the exchange next month.

one another 相互,相当于each other

【拓展】(1)another作代词,“(三者或以上)另一(事物或人)”,表泛指。

I have eaten some apples. Could you please give me another?

(2)another作形容词,“又一的,再一的”,指三者或以上的人或物中除去已知部分,剩余部分中的某一个,不表特指,another one与one more 同义

I don’t like this sweater, please show me another one / one more.

(3)作形容词时,another既可修饰人也可修饰物,其后接单数名词或代词。another 还可与基数词和复数名词连用,其结构another+数词(大于1)+复数名词= 数词(大于1)+ more+复数名词

I’d like another two hamburgers. = I’d like two more hamburgers.

11.I can’t wait.

can’t wait 迫不及待,其后接动词不定式can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地做某事

Can’t help doing sth. 情不自禁地做某事,忍不住做某事

I can’t help crying when I hear that my mother is ill.

12.A person who is invited to stay at another person’s home is a guest.

invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

invite sb. to + 地点名词/活动邀请某人去某地/ 参加活动

They invited Jack to join their club.

I invited my teacher to my home yesterday.

She invited me to her birthday party.

【拓展】invitation可数名词,“邀请,请帖”

13. Tomorrow I’m going to take part in an exchange programme in London.

明天我将参加一个在伦敦的交流计划。

take part in 参加,多指参加一些集会性活动,如会议、劳动等。

辨析:take part in ,join , join in

用take part in ,join , join in填空。

①你愿意参加我们的晚会吗?

Would you like to ______________________________ our party?

②请加入我们吧。

Please ___________________________ us.

③我可以参加这个游戏吗?

May I _______________________ playing the game?

14.It tasted fantastic.

taste 此处用作连系动词,“尝起来,有....味道”,其后接形容词作表语,构成系

表结构

The wine tastes sweet.

【拓展】taste 可用作可数名词,“味道,滋味”

I don’t li ke the taste of orange. 我不喜欢橘子的味道。

15.His parents are proud of his success.

be proud of 以......而骄傲,相当于take pride in

I am proud of our country.

16.Listen to the conversation between Mr. Liu and the students.

听刘老师和学生之间的对话。

between …… and…… 在……和……之间

辨析:between , among

①银行和学校之间有家医院。

There is a hospital _________ the bank ______ the school.

②这两本书之间有什么区别?

What is the difference _________ the two books?

③高老师正坐在孩子们之间。

Miss Gao is sitting __________ the children.

④这位歌手在年轻人中很受欢迎。

The singer is popular ______ the young people.

17. Arrive at the airport on time , please. 请按时到机场。on time 按时,准时

辨析:on time ,in time

火车会按时到达吗?

Will the train arrive ____________?

警察及时赶到了那里。

The police got there ________________.

【随堂练】

一、根据句意及首字母提示完成句子

1. I remember Mr Green gave us an e __________ class. I will never forget it.

2.Does your family e __________ gifts at Christmas?

3.Different countries have different customs and c__________ .

4.Wang Ning and Li Xiuping are h __________ of CCTV.

5.He started playing for the l __________ club when he was 10 years old.

6.More than 33 million passengers travel on B__________ Airways planes every year.

7.She said she was g __________ to have the chance to come here and she enjoyed herself.

8.The g__________ from China were highly praised.

9.Chinese use c__________ to have meals.(饭)

10.He is making a t __________ of the world.

二.完成句子

1.许多人学英语,以便他们能再商业领域获得更多的成功。

Many people learn English so that they can ______ ________ ________ ________business.

2.当地政府应该帮助这个可怜的孩子上学。

________ ________ ________ should help the poor kid go to school.

3.昨天我向全班同学作了自我介绍

I __________myself ________ the class yesterday.

4.我将很乐意帮助你。

I’d________ ________ _______ help you.

5.我们请三位客人来家里吃饭。

We have ________ _________ to dinner.

三、单项选择

( )1. weekdays, what time do you get up?

A.On

B.For

C.By

D.In

( )2.Can youme your friend?

A.introduce; to

B.introduce; for

C.show; to

D.show; for

( )3.The baby wastired after crying for a while.

A.a bit of

B.a little

C.a lot of

D.a few

( )4.I’m glad you.

A.to see

B.see

C.saw

D.seeing

( )5. Alicewriting five perfect reports so far.

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,pletes

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,pleted

C.was completing

D.has completed ( )6.There is only water in the bottle.

A.bit

B.a bit of

C.few

D.a few of

( )7.Mr Brown will introduce us western art next week.

A. to

B.from

C.on

D. in

( )8.He was angry , but after he read the letter, he laughed.

A.first

B.the first

C.at first

D.at the first.

( )9.They around Shanghai next week.

A.tour

B.will tour

C.toured

D.has toured

Step Two Speaking &Writing

1.You should be polite and respect local culture.

polite形容词,意为“有礼貌的”,其反义词为impolite或rude,副词形式为politely。常用短语:be polite to sb, 意为“对某人有礼貌”。

We should be polite to the old people.

中考链接:

Tom thinks people will help him if he asks for help______(polite).

2.Arrive at the airport on time, please.

On time意为“按时,准时”。

Will the train arrive on time?

In time意为“及时”,常含有“匆忙”之意。

3.Don’t worry about the exchange visit.

Worry about 为固定短语,意为“担心”,与be worried about同义。

You have nothing to worry about.

中考链接:

The tour guide has made the route for the school trip. We don’t need to ________ that.

A.be worried about

B.be afraid of

C.be sorry for

4.写作

假如你是来自英国的交换生Sarah,你在北京已经待了一个星期。现在你想用报告的形式向你的英语同学介绍你的交流生活。请根据以下提示词语完成报告,报告开头已经出,不计入总词数。

要求(1)简要说明你的交流生活和感受(2)语言准确,表达清楚,词数不少于70.

提示词:go well, enjoy, fantastic, spend, visit, Chinese culture, delicious, friendly, make friends with, keep in touch with, hope

A report on my exchange visit to Beijing

My exchange visit to Beijing

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

范文:My exchange visit to Beijing has gone well, I have been in the city for a week, I enjoy everything here. It’s really fantastic. I spend the weekdays studying with Chinese students. At the weekend. I tour around the city with my classmates. I have visited many places of interest. I have learned a lot about Chinese culture. I have tried many local food. It's delicious! The people in Beijing are friendly. I have made many new friends. When I return home, I will keep in touch with them. I hope my Chinese friends can come over to my country.

【随堂练】

一、选择合适的单词或短语完成下列各句

1. I you to provide me with toys.(hope, wish)

2.Shandong Province is in the of China.(east, eastern)

3.We can get muchon the Internet.(information, messages)

4.We’ll from home for a week.(leave, be away)

5.Watching television can be very (education, educational).

二、根据句意及括号内的提示完成句子

1.Alice in Wonderful is a (极好的) movie.

2.I have no (经验) in selling products.

3.Could you (介绍)yourself to the class?

4.Many people learn English so that they can have more (成功) in business.

5.How many (文化)does China have?

6.The (主人) of the house is an old woman.

7.The (游客) are having a good time in China.

8.Could you tell us about your(经历) in Africa.

三.句型转换

1. Mine is different from yours.(改为同义句)

Mine isn’t the ________ ________ yours.

2.To have guests will be exciting.(改为同义句)

________ ________ ________ exciting to have guests.

3.I’ve already bought some apples.(改为一般疑问句)

________ you bought any apples ________?

4.The Blacks have lived in China since three years ago.(对划线部分提问)

_________ _________ have the Blacks lived in China?

5.It was his big success.(改为同义句)

He was very_____________.

四、完形填空

It was the last day of school and I planned to travel to my friend’s hometown. I

hadn’t seen him for years and this was a good 1 to meet him again.

I was busy at school so it was rather 2 when I came back home. It was already 10 o’clock at night. Time was running out. After a hurried meal I left. 3

I found a taxi very soon. Asking the driver to drive me fast to the station, I relaxed for

a while, imagining what my friend looked like now. I was soon at the station and was sure that I would be able to 4 the train. Unfortunately, I fell on the way and lost some time. To my complete 5 , when I reached the platform, I saw that the train had just left! It was the last train so I had to 6 home.

My mother was glad to see me back as she had a feeling and went to bed but I had a 7 sleep. The next morning I was very tired. As I was having breakfast the 8 arrived. I read over the pages

and was shocked to 9 that the train I missed had had an accident. How 10 I was that I missed the train!

()1. A.sign B.chance C.sense D.dream

() 2.A.strange B.cold https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,te D.quiet

()3.A.Finally B.Suddenly C.Strangely D.Luckily

()4.A.stop B.see C.catch D.miss

() 5.A.satisfaction B.hope C.surprise D.joy

()6.A.call B.leave C.reach D.miss

()7.A.deep B.bad C.great D.heavy

()8.A.newspaper B.ticket https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,d D.train

()9.A.find B.hear C.feel D.remember ()10.A.hopeful B.thankful C.careful D.painful

Step three-More Practice 讲解

1 You can experience a different culture and learn a new language.你可以体验不同的文

化,学习一门新的语言.

Experience在此作动词,意思是“体验;感受”。如:

Children need to experience things for themselves to learn from them.

儿童需要自己体验事物以从中学习。

experience也可作名词,表示(一次)经历;体验”。如:

It was a fantastic experience for me to stay in Guangzhou for three months.

在广州逗留三个月对我是一种很美好的体验。

2 You can apply for our educational exchange if you are aged between 14 and 17.如果

你的年龄在14至17岁之间,你就可以申请参加我们这个教育交流活动了。

apply for申请。如:

He applied for the job to be a manager in the company.

他申请担任该公司经理职位。

Application可数名词,意为“申请表”

Please fill in the application carefully.

3 have a reference from your head teacher右一封班主任的推荐信

reference推荐信;介绍信。have a reference from sb来自某人的推荐信。

4.They may also miss their families and friends.

Miss此处用作动词,意为“怀念,思念”。

I miss my grandparents in the countryside.

Missing形容词,意为“不在的,丢失的”

5.To deal with culture shock, you can...

Deal with 意为“处理,对付”

I don’t know how to deal with this matter.

拓展:deal with 常与how搭配,do with则多与what 进行搭配。

How will you deal with the camera?=What will you do with the camera?

【随堂练】

一单项选择。

( )1 - Have you ever joined an educational exchange?

- No,I

A.do B. don't C. have D. haven't

( )2 We for the same junior high school last year.

A. applying

B. apply

C. Applied

( )3 If you take part in our educational exchange, you to another country

A. travel

B. will travel

C. travelled D travelling

( )4 They eight English songs so far.

A. learn

B.learned

C.has learned

D.have learned

( )5 She hasn't found her dog——,but she's still trying.

A. already

B.yet

C.ever

D.never

二单词拼写。

1 If you love to travel and meet new people, you can j_____ the educational

exchange.

2 1 went to Africa last summer and talked with some l_____ people about their way

of life.

3 Young people should r_____ the old and help them.

4 When l was on the educational exchange in Germany last year,l had a good time

living with my h_____ family.

5 I keep in t _____with my friends by email.

三完成句子。

1现在就参加我们的教育交流活动!

_____ _____ _____ our educational exchange right now.

2李华想申请加入乒乓球俱乐部。

Li Hua wants to____ _____the Table Tennis Club.

3我只能给你提供关于这件事的一点点信息。

I can only give you_____ _____ _____ information about it.

4她到现在还对此事一无所知。

She_____ _____anything about it so far.

5起初,他对写作不感兴趣。

He was not interested in writing____ _____.

第十讲

单元语法——时态--现在完成时

一.基本结构:助动词have/has+过去分词(done)

二.句型:

否定句:主语+have/has+not+过去分词+其他.

一般疑问句:Have/Has+主语+过去分词+其他.

简略答语: Yes, 主语+ have/has.(肯定)

No, 主语+ haven't/hasn't.(否定)

三.用法

(1)现在完成时表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果

I have spent all of my money (so far).(含义是:现在我没有钱花了.)

Guo zijun has (just/already) come. (含义:郭子君现在在这儿)

My father has gone to work.(含义是:我爸爸现在不在这儿)

(2)现在完成时可以用来表示发生在过去某一时刻的,持续到现在的动作(用行为动词表示)或状态(be动词表示)常与for(+时间段),since(+时间点或过去时的句子)连用.

①for+时段

②since+过去一个时间点(译为:自从……以来)

③since+时段+ago

④since+从句(过去时)

⑤It is+时段+since+从句(过去时)

Mary has been ill for three days.

I have lived here since 1998.

四、has gone (to),has been (to), has been (in) 的区别

Have/Has gone(to) :去了(现在不在说话现场)

Where is your father?He has gone to Shanghai.

Have/Has been (to) :去过(已不在去过的地方)

My father has been to Shanghai.

Have/has been in:呆了多久(还在所呆的地方)

My father has been in Shanghai for two months. /since two month

s ago.

五.现在完成时的标志

1.现在完成时的含义之一是过去完成的动作对现在仍有影响,用以下四大标

志词可以表达这种含义:

* 以already, just和yet为标志

He has already got her help.他已得到她的帮助。

He has just seen the film.他刚刚看过这场电影。

He hasn't come back yet.他还没有回来。

* 以ever和never为标志

This is the best film I have ever seen.这是我曾经看过的最好的一部电影。

He has never been to Beijing.他从没有到过北京。

* 以动作发生的次数为标志

He says he has been to the USA three times. 他说他已经去过美国三次了。

* 以so far(到目前为止)为标+before

He has got to Beijing so far.到目前为止他已到了北京。

She has passed the examso far.到目前为止她已经通过了考试。

2.过去已经开始的动作一直延续到现在, 甚至有可能继续延续下去,我们可以从

动作“延续”的特性和“时间”点段的区分入手,进一步学习现在完成时。

注意:过去已经开始的动作一直延续到现在, 甚至有可能继续延续下去,我们可

以从动作“延续”的特性和“时间”点段的区分入手,进一步学习现在完成时。

英语中的动词从词义上可以分为延续性和非延续性两种,在现在完成时态中一定

要注意动词这一特性,应将这类非延续性动词转换为延续性动词。

英语中有些动词表示的是一种短暂的动作,没有持续性,即“一发生就结束”的动作,这类动词一般称为“非延续性动词”(亦叫点动词或瞬间动词或终止性动词),在现在完成时中,不能同表示一段时间的状语或How long连用。常见的这类动词有:go, come, leave, arrive, lose, join, borrow, die, begin. 这些动词如果要跟一段时间连用,必须改成相应的具有延续性的词。主要一些动词变化形式如下:

时间“点”、“段”须分清过去开始的动作可以延续到某一点结束,也可能继续延续,这时就要根据时间“点”、“段”选择相应的介词for或since。

现在完成时常见的时间状语有:for+一段时间;since+过去的某个时间;so far, yet, recently, over/in the last/past +一段时间;(once, twice, )three…times, never, ever, up to now, these days

使用注意事项:

a) 非延续性动词可用于现在完成时,但不能与表示一段时间的时间状语连用;

The train has arrived.火车到了。

The train has been here for two hours. 火车到这里已经两个小时了。

The boy has left. 那个男孩走了。

The boy has been away for two days. 那个男孩离开已经两天了。

b) 表示一段时间的时间状语一般为:

①How long…?

②for +一段时间;

③since+一点时间。

c) 非延续性动词的否定形式可以与一段时间连用。

He hasn’t left home for a month.

I haven’t seen you for a long time.

注意:

1)现在完成时不能单独与过去的时间状语连用, 如yesterday,last week, thr ee years ago 等;

2)不能与when连用

3.现在完成时往往同表示不确定的过去时间状语连用

【随堂练】

一、【中考链接】

1.Hello,this is Lily speaking.Could I speak to Mr. Black?

Sorry.He______ the Xuanwu Lake Park.

A. has been to

B. went to

C. has gone to

D. will go to

2.Would you like to see the film with me?

I'm sorry I __________it twice.

A. see

B. will see

C. have seen

D. am seeing

3. In the past few years there __________great changes

in my hometown.

A. have been

B. were

C. had been

D. are

4.Kitty, will you go to see the film -Cold Mountain this evening?

No, I won't. I ___________it already.

A. saw

B. have seen

C. see

D. will see

二、选用have或has填空

1. Ivisited the museum.

2. you ever been to Beijing?

3.My mother made a lot of apple juice.

4.he watched the film?

5.Mrs Brown bought some bread and milk.

三、单项选择

( )1.Miss Smith isn’t in the office. She to the classroom.

A.has gone

B.went

C.will go

D.goes

( )2. The students have cleaned the classroom, ?

A.do they

B.don’t they

C.have they

D.haven’t they ( )3.We each other since2002.

A.know

B.had known

C.have known

D.knew ( )4. Harry Potter is a very nice film. I it twice.

A.will see

B.have seen

C.seen

D.see

( )5.—Has he used one?

---No,he hasn’t. He has used a mobile phone.

A.ever;ever

B.never; never

C.ever;never

D.never;ever

四、按要求写句子

1. The woman has found her bag.

(1) (改为否定句)

(2) (改为一般疑问句并作肯定回答) 2. They have completed their homework.

(1) (改为否定句)

(2) (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答)

3.Has he cleaned the room?

(1) (作肯定回答)

(2) (写出肯定句)

4.Have they lost their way?

(1) (作否定回答)

(2) (写出否定句)

课堂巩固

一.单项选择

1. I'm free every day today.

A. in

B. on

C. Except

D. besides

2. The room is everything.

A. full with

B. fill of

C. fill with

D. filled with

3. Her jacket her 100yuan .

A. pays

B. spends

C. buys

D. costs

4.-Would you please take part in my birthday party? . '.

A. Thank you very muchC. Thanks for telling me

C.Yes, I'll go '

D.I'll be glad to

5. During winter vacation, I sleeping late.

A. used to

B. was used for

C. was used to

D. use to

6. It's time for class. We'd better go to our classroom as _ as we can.

A.slowly

B.quickly

C.quietly

D.easily

7. (2013 .江西模拟)

-lt looks like a television. Do you think so?

-Yes, I .

A. understand

B. know

C. mean

D. agree

8. Drinking and smoking are your health.

A. good for

B. bad for

C. good to

D. bad to

9. The expressions you use might depend whom you are speaking to. '

A. to

B. on

C. at

D. with

10. Tom succeeded passing the final exam.

A. in

B. to

C. on

D. at

二.单词拼写

1.I’ve invited a special g_________ to our party. Guess who?

2.----I’m going to take part in the running race tomorrow.

----Wish you s___________!

3.Mr Wang is a nice teacher and all of us r_______and love him.

4.When you go to a new place, you should be friendly to the l________people.

5.From his smile we know he’s g________.

三、完成句子

1.至今为止,他已经在这家公司工作了十年了。

He has worked in this company for ten years_________ ____________.

2.起初,老师们都认为他不时学习的料。

_________ __________ , all the teachers thought he had no ability to study well.

广州专用沪教牛津版八年级英语上册主要知识点

百度文库- 让每个人平等地提升自我 广州八年级英语(上册)主要知识点Unit 1 Newspapers phrases and expressions Take charge of 主管,掌管 V ote for …投赞成票 Take note 记录 Be responsible for 负责,有责任 Talk ....over 详谈 Make a list of .....把…列成清单 Be free for (someone) 对(某人)免费Pay....for 付费 Make a decision about.... 对…作出决定 In one week's time 一周后 A copy of 一份 For free 免费From the air 从空中 Of one's own 某人自己的 Have the habit of.... 有…的习惯 Try one's best 尽力 Try to (do something) 尽力(做某事)Try doing something 尝试做某事Believe in oneself 相信自己 Once a week 每周一次 Be pleased with.... 对…满意 Keep fit 保持健康 Have a high fever 发高烧 At break 课间休息 Not at all 一点也不,完全不 Get on well 相处得好 For this reason 因为这样 2.语法language: should and ought to (positive) should not and ought not to (negative) 3.辨析 3.1Other, the other, another (1) Other 表示泛指,没有特定的范围。 . Lei Feng always helped other people. (2) The other 意为“另一个”,一般用于两者之间。其句型为:one...the other...(一个…另一个…) . The old man has two sons. One is a soldier, the other is a worker. (3) another 表示三者或者三者以上的其他任何一个。意为“再一;又一”。 . Would you like another cup of tea? 注意:the other 和other 后均可加名词,但是意思有所不同,“the other+名词”表示一定范围内出一部分外其余的全部,而"other+名词"表示出去部分以后的另一些,但不是剩下的全部。 S pend, cost, take, pay “花费” A. spend 主语必须为人,常用于一下结构: (1) spend time/money on sth. 在某物上花费时间、金钱。 . I spend two hours on this maths problem.

广州市新版教材八年级英语上册unit 1-3 语法专练

广州市新版教材八年级英语上册期中语法复习 Unit1 一、some与any的区别 1)some多用于肯定句,表示―一些,几个‖作形容词时,后面可以接①不可数名词+ 单数动词;②可数名词+复数动词。 Look! Some of the students are cleaning the library. . Some rice in the bag has been sold out. 2)any多用于疑问句、条件句和否定句中,表示―一些,任何‖用作形容词时,后面可 以接①不可数名词+单数动词;②可数名词+复数动词。 If you have any questions, please ask me. There isn't any orange in the bottle. Have you got any tea? 3)any和some也可以作代词用,表示―一些‖。any多用于疑问句或否定句中,some 多用于肯定句中。 How many people can you see in the picture? I can't see any. If you have no money, I'll lend you some. 二、复合不定代词 由some,every,no,any分别与one,thing和body组合即可得到以下复合不定代词: someone anyone no one everyone something anything nothing everything somebody anybody nobody everybody 1.一般来说,由some构成的复合不定代词往往用于肯定句中;而由any构成的复合不定代 词则往往用于否定句或疑问句中。 I heard someone singing when I was at work last night. Please give me something to read. (拓展)由some构成的复合不定代词有时也可用于疑问句中,用来表示请求、建议等语句。Would you like something to read? Why not buy something interesting? 2.复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。 Somebody wants to see you. Is there anything I can do for you ? 3.形容词修饰复合不定代词something,anything,everything,nothing等时,要放在不定代词的后 面。 Do you have anything important to tell us? We need one more helper. Can you find anyone else? Unit 2 基数词与序数词 一、基数词的用法 基数词是表示数目多少的词

广州新版八年级英语上册unit 1课文及练习

词汇 encyclopaedia n.百科全书 1.human adj.人的 2.dinosaur n.恐龙 3.Italian n.意大利人,Italy n 意大利 All roads lead to Rome.(谚)条条大路通罗马;殊途同归.Rome was not built in a day.(谚)罗马城不是一天建成的;伟业非一日可成When in Rome do as the Romans do. inventor n. 发明家 1.musician n. 音乐家 2.scientist n.科学家 3.born v. (be born)出生 4.countryside n.乡村; 农村 5.intelligence n.才智;智慧 6.artistic adj. 有艺术天赋的 7.ability n. 才能;能力 8.perhaps adv.可能;大概 9.invention n. 发明 10.notebook n. 笔记本 11.include v. 包括;包含 12.even adv. (强调出乎意料) 甚至 13.however adv. 然而 14.suddenly adv.突然;忽然 15.nobody pron. 没有人 16.fossil n. 化石 17.win v. (won, won) (在比赛中)获胜,赢 18.dollar n.元(美国、加拿大等国货币单位) 19.in the countryside在乡村;在农村 20.human being人 21.die out灭绝;消失 22.find out了解(到);弄清 23.go for a walk去散步 课文 Look it up! Here are two articles from an encyclopaedia. Da Vinci, Leonardo Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was an Italian painter, inventor, musician, engineer and scientist. Da Vinci was born in the countryside. From an early age, he showed great intelligence and artistic ability. As he grew older, he learnt to do many

广州专用(沪教牛津版)八年级英语上册主要知识点

Unit 1 Newspapers Useful phrases and expressions Take charge of 主管,掌管 V ote for 投赞成票 Take note 记录 Be responsible for 负责,有责任 Talk ....over 详谈 Make a list of .....把。。。。列成清单 Be free for (someone) 对(某人)免费Pay....for 付费 Make a decision about.... 对。。。。作出决定In one week's time 一周后 A copy of 一份 For free 免费 From the air 从空中Of one's own 某人自己的 Have the habit of.... 有。。。。的习惯Try one's best 尽力 Try to (do something) 尽力(做某事)Try doing something 尝试做某事Believe in oneself 相信自己 Once a week 每周一次 Be pleased with.... 对。。。满意 Keep fit 保持健康 Have a high fever 发高烧 At break 课间休息 Not at all 一点也不,完全不 Get on well 相处得好 For this reason 因为这样 language: should and ought to (positive) should not and ought not to (negative) 辨析:Other, the other, another 1.Other 表示泛指,没有特定的范围。 E.g. Lei Feng always helped other people. 2.The other 意为“另一个”,一般用于两者之间。其句型为:one...the other...(一个。。。。另一个。。。。) E.g. The old man has two sons. One is a soldier, the other is a worker. 3 another 表示三者或者三者以上的其他任何一个。意为“再一;又一” E.g. Would you like another cup of tea? Notice: the other 和other 后均可加名词,但是意思有所不同,“the other+名词”表示一定范围内出一部分外其余的全部,而"other+名词"表示出去部分以后的另一些,但不是剩下的全部。 辨析:spend, cost, take, pay “花费” 1 spend 主语必须为人,常用于一下结构: 1.1 spend time/money on sth 在某物上花费时间、金钱。 E.g. I spend two hours on this maths problem. 1.2 spend time/ money (in) doing sth. 花费时间、金钱做某事。 E.g. They spend two years (in) doing this bridge. 1.3 spend money for sth. 花钱买某物 E.g. His money was spent for books. 2 cost 的主语是物或者某种活动,还可以表示“值”,常见的用法如下: 2.1 sth. cost (sb)+金钱表示“某物花了(某人)多少钱”。 E.g. A computer costs a lot of money. 2.2 (doing) something cost (sb) +时间表示“(做某事)某物花了(某人)多少时间。” E.g. Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time.

广州版初二英语上册Unit

广州版初二英语上册Unit2同步辅导 【课堂演练】 一、听写Unit 2重点单词和短语并引导学生注意其基本用法: ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 二、重点词组: 1. a long time ago 很久以前 2. for a long time 很长一段时间 3. order sb to do sth 命令某人干什么 4. ask sb for help 向某人寻求帮助 5. the number of ….的数目 6. copy down 抄写下来 7. at first 首先,第一 8. help sb do sth 帮助某人干什么 9. in this way 用这种方法 10. so that 以便 三、重点词组解析: (一)If引导的条件句: a. if引导的条件句主句用一般将来时态,从句用一般现在时态。 If you fail in the exam,you will let him down.如果你考试不及格,你会让他失望的。 b. if从句用一般现在时,主句用may / might / can If the fog gets thicker the plane may/might be diverted. 如果雾在大一些,飞机可能就会改在别的机场降落。 If it stops snowing we can go out. 如果雪停了,我们就可以出去。 c.if从句用一般现在时,主句用must/should If you want to lose weight you must/should eat less bread. 如果你想减肥,你必须少吃面包。 d.if从句用一般现在时,主句用一般现在时 If you heat ice it turns to water. (也可用will turn)如果把冰加热,它就会化成水。 热身练习: 1. If you ____________(feel) tired, you _______________ (have) to have a rest. 2. Where ___________ he _________(see) the film if he _______________(have) time? 3. If there ______________(be) fewer trees, there _______________( be) more pollution. 4. He ____________________(dress)? more casually if he ________________( not work) on weekends. 5. If Marcia _____________(live) alone, she ___________________( keep) a pet parrot. 6. Lana ________________( buy) a new dress if the old one _____________(be) out of style. 7. The twins ______________(fight) if they_______________(argue).

广州版八年级上册英语unit5educational-exchange课内重点分析及语法详解

Unit5 ◆知识探究 Step one Reading & Listening讲解 1.I was very nervous at first.says Sarah. 萨拉说我起初很紧张。 at first“起初;起先”,它主要用于强调前后对照,暗示接下来的动作与前面的动作不同,甚至相反。反义短语:at last最终。如: At first he didn’t agree, but at last he had to.起初他不同意,但最终只好同意了。 ( )______,the Internet was only used by the government. But now it’s widely used in every field. A. As usually B. At first C. After all D. So far 》 2. However ,my host family are friendly .但是,我的寄宿家庭非常友好。friendly 比较级friendlier/more friendly ,最高级friendliest / most friendly. 常构成短语be friendly to sb. 对某人友好; be friendly with sb. 与某人友好相处。 ①他们班里的每个人对我都很友好。 Everyone in their class _____ _________ _____ me. ②我们很快就与邻居们友好相处了。 We soon became ________ _______ the neighbors. 3.I’ve learnt to use chopsticks , and they’re teaching me a little

广州版八年级英语上册unit2检测题

Unit 2测试 姓名___________ 分数___________ 一、根据首字母填写单词,注意其形式。(10分) 1. A car a happened yesterday. 2. If you win the game, you’ll get a p . 3. Jim p not to be late for class again. 4. If you can’t attend the meeting, I can go i__________ . 5. The a_______ of information on the Internet is huge . 6. He was so w_______ that he won the game. 7. We must r________the importance of learning English. 8. Do you know his telephone n________. 9. His little s____ is good at playing the guitar. 10. Three is always heavy t________ on this road. 二、短语翻译。(5分) 1.挣钱;赚钱 2. 从那时起_________ 3.不再 __________ 4. 全年,整年 ___________ 5. 下象棋_____________ 三、短语填空,注意其形式。(5分) 1.很久以前在这个村子里面有个聪明的年轻人。 _____ ______ _______ _________, there was a wise young man in the village. 2.在墙上除了一张图画我什么也看不见? I can see ______ ________ a picture on the wall? 3.小男生向那些人挑战打网球。 The little boy __________those people ______ a game of tennis. 4.你抄写下他的电话号码了吗?。 Did you ______ _______ his telephone number?. 5.你可以画任何你想画的东西,比如,动物,植物,房子,等等。 You can draw anything you like, like as animals, plants, houses ______ _____ ______. 四、单项选择。(20分) ( )1.Mother’s Day is on the ________Sunday in May every year. A.two B. second C. six D. sixth ( ) 2.May is the _______ month of a year. A. fifty B. fifteen C. fifth D. five ( )3.When you are in trouble, you should ask the police ______ help . A. of B. at C. for D. with ( ) 4.Jenny gave us _______on how to learn English well.

广州专用沪教牛津版八年级英语上册主要知识点

广州八年级英语(上册)主要知识点Unit 1 Newspapers https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,eful phrases and expressions Take charge of 主管,掌管 V ote for …投赞成票 Take note 记录 Be responsible for 负责,有责任 Talk ....over 详谈 Make a list of .....把…列成清单 Be free for (someone) 对(某人)免费Pay....for 付费 Make a decision about.... 对…作出决定 In one week's time 一周后 A copy of 一份 For free 免费From the air 从空中 Of one's own 某人自己的 Have the habit of.... 有…的习惯 Try one's best 尽力 Try to (do something) 尽力(做某事)Try doing something 尝试做某事Believe in oneself 相信自己 Once a week 每周一次 Be pleased with.... 对…满意 Keep fit 保持健康 Have a high fever 发高烧 At break 课间休息 Not at all 一点也不,完全不 Get on well 相处得好 For this reason 因为这样 2.语法language: should and ought to (positive) should not and ought not to (negative) 3.辨析 3.1Other, the other, another (1) Other 表示泛指,没有特定的范围。 E.g. Lei Feng always helped other people. (2) The other 意为“另一个”,一般用于两者之间。其句型为:one...the other...(一个…另一个…) E.g. The old man has two sons. One is a soldier, the other is a worker. (3) another 表示三者或者三者以上的其他任何一个。意为“再一;又一”。 E.g. Would you like another cup of tea? 注意:the other 和other 后均可加名词,但是意思有所不同,“the other+名词”表示一定范围内出一部分外其余的全部,而"other+名词"表示出去部分以后的另一些,但不是剩下的全部。 3.2 S pend, cost, take, pay “花费” A. spend 主语必须为人,常用于一下结构: (1) spend time/money on sth. 在某物上花费时间、金钱。 E.g. I spend two hours on this maths problem. (2) spend time/ money (in) doing sth. 花费时间、金钱做某事。 E.g. They spend two years (in) doing this bridge. (3) spend money for sth. 花钱买某物 E.g. His money was spent for books.

广州专用(沪教牛津版)八年级英语(上册)主要知识点汇总

八年级英语(上册)主要知识点Unit 1 Newspapers https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,eful phrases and expressions Take charge of 主管,掌管 Vote for …投赞成票 Take note 记录 Be responsible for 负责,有责任Talk ....over 详谈 Make a list of .....把…列成清单Be free for (someone) 对(某人)免费 Pay....for 付费 Make a decision about.... 对…作出决定 In one week's time 一周后 A copy of 一份 For free 免费From the air 从空中 Of one's own 某人自己的 Have the habit of.... 有…的习惯Try one's best 尽力 Try to (do something) 尽力(做某事) Try doing something 尝试做某事Believe in oneself 相信自己 Once a week 每周一次 Be pleased with.... 对…满意Keep fit 保持健康 Have a high fever 发高烧 At break 课间休息 Not at all 一点也不,完全不 Get on well 相处得好 For this reason 因为这样 2.语法language: should and ought to (positive) should not and ought not to (negative) 3.辨析 3.1Other, the other, another (1) Other 表示泛指,没有特定的围。 E.g. Lei Feng always helped other people. (2) The other 意为“另一个”,一般用于两者之间。其句型为:one...the other...(一个…另一个…) E.g. The old man has two sons. One is a soldier, the other is a worker. (3) another 表示三者或者三者以上的其他任何一个。意为“再一;又一”。 E.g. Would you like another cup of tea? 注意: the other 和other 后均可加名词,但是意思有所不同,“the other+名词”表示一定围出一部分外其余的全部,而"other+名词"表示出去部分以后的另一些,但不是剩下的全部。 3.2 S pend, cost, take, pay “花费”

广州版八年级上下册英语新版单词表

八年级上册词汇表Unit 1 *encyclopaedia n.百科全书 human adj.人的 dinosaur n.恐龙 *Italian n.意大利人 inventor n.发明家 musician n.音乐家 scientist n.科学家 born n.出生 countryside n.乡村 intelligence n.才智 *artistic adj.有艺术天赋的 ability n.才能,能力 perhaps adv.可能,大概 invention n.发明 notebook n.笔记本 Include v.包括 even ad v.甚至 however adv.然而 suddenly adv.突然 nobody pron.没有人 *fossil n.化石 win v.赢 dollar n.元 in the countryside 在乡村 human being 人 die out 灭绝 find out 了解 go for a walk 去散步 Unit 2 number n.数字 instruction n.指标 check v.检查 gram n.克 son n.儿子 chess n.国际象棋 Indian.印度 wise adj.充满智慧的 challenge v.向(某人)挑战 promise v.许诺 prize n.奖赏 grain n.谷粒 chessboard n.象棋棋盘

double v.(使)加倍 amount n.数量 rest n.剩余部分 gold n.金子 instead adv.代替 realize v.认识到 copy v.抄写 correctly adv.正确地 traffic n.交通 accident n.(交通)事故 A long time ago 很久以前Challenge….to…向(某人)挑战And so on 等等 Copy down 抄写 Unit 3 order n.订货 compare v.比较 monitor n.显示器 speaker n.扬声器 main unit n.主机 keyboard n.键盘 mouse n.鼠标 type v.打字 brain n.脑 control v.控制 expensive adj.昂贵的 tiny adj.绩效的 depend v.依靠 *calculate v.计算 speed n.速度 operate v.操作 railway n.铁路系统 company n.公司 price n.价格 total n.总额 inch n.英寸 sell v.出售 popular adj.受喜爱的 work as 从事…….工作 (be)unaware of 没注意到; depend on 依靠 In addition 除…..以外 grand total 总计; look forward to 盼望;

广州版8年级上学期英语U1-8笔记

8上U1-8考点梳理

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,puter的组成部分: monitor显示器;keyboard键盘;speaker扬声器; main unit主机;mouse鼠标

6.invent(v.)-inventor(n.)-invention(n.) 7.since1)since+时间点2)since+句子(过去时) 8.distance(n.)距离-distant(adj.)遥远的11.special(adj.)-specially(adv.) 12.introduce(v.)-introduction(n.) 13.instead(句尾)-instead of+n/doing

4.introduce...to...使..初次了解 https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8812507563.html,e over to...从...到..-came-come 6.however,逗号but不用 7.be friendly to sb 8.learn to do sth-learnt-learnt 9.spend时间in doing sth spend钱on sth spend time with sb spend holidays-spent-spent 10.place of interest 11.v+a lot smile a lot/eat a lot 12.too肯定句either否定句also句中as well句尾15.plan to do sth计划做某事-planned-planned 16.keep in touch with sb与某人保持联系 17.return to sp返回地点return sth归还某物 borrow sth from sb借进lend sth to sb借出 18.one another彼此三者以上each other二者 19.be the same as/be different to/from 20.take part in参加 21.apply for申请 22.would like to do sth 23.between A and B二者之间among在三者之间 24.can’t wait to do sth等不及做某事wait for等待 现在完成时强调过去发生的事情对现在产生的影响,主要说明现在的情况 一般过去时强调事情发生的时间在过去,不涉及对现在的影响,且句中一般含有表示过去的时间状语

广州2013版八年级英语上册Unit 1 Encyclopaedias 单元重点与练习题

复习 Unit 1 Encyclopaedias 必会重点词汇和短语 ★单词默写 1. 人的adj. human 2. 恐龙 3. 意大利人 4. 发明家 5. 音乐家 6. 科学家 7. 出生8. 乡村;农村9. 才智;智慧10. 有艺术天赋的11. 才能;能力12. 可能;大概13. 发明14. 笔记本 15. 包括;包吨16. 甚至 17. 然而18. 突然;忽然19. 没有人20. 获胜;赢21. 美元 ★短语默写 1. 在乡村 2. 人,人类 3. 灭绝;消失 4. 了解(到);弄清 5. 去散步 6. 正如;正像 7. 出生8. 重要的事 9. 给…拍照 ★重点词汇讲解和辨析 1. look 相关短语辨析 ●look up 查阅 I looked your address up in the personnel file. 我从人事档案里查到了你的地址。 ●look out 注意;留心 Look out! There's a car coming. 当心! 汽车来了。 ●look over 检查 Would you mind looking over my article? 您介不介意检查下我的文章? ●look after 照顾 At weekends, Eason often helps his mother look after his little sister. 周末的时候,Eason 经常帮妈妈照顾他的妹妹。 ●look at 看着 The dog is looking at Liz angrily. 这只狗生气地看着Liz。 ●look around 环顾四周

(完整版)广州八年级上下册英语新版单词表

八年级上册词汇表 Unit 1 *encyclopaedia n.百科全书 human adj.人的 dinosaur n.恐龙 *Italian n.意大利人 inventor n.发明家 musician n.音乐家 scientist n.科学家 born n.出生 countryside n.乡村 intelligence n.才智 *artistic adj.有艺术天赋的 ability n.才能,能力 perhaps adv.可能,大概 invention n.发明 notebook n.笔记本 Include v.包括 even ad v.甚至 however adv.然而 suddenly adv.突然 nobody pron.没有人 *fossil n.化石 win v.赢 dollar n.元 in the countryside 在乡村 human being 人 die out 灭绝 find out 了解 go for a walk 去散步 Unit 2 number n.数字 instruction n.指标 check v.检查 gram n.克 son n.儿子 chess n.国际象棋 India n.印度 wise adj.充满智慧的 challenge v.向(某人)挑战 promise v.许诺 prize n.奖赏 grain n.谷粒 chessboard n.象棋棋盘 double v.(使)加倍 amount n.数量

rest n.剩余部分 gold n.金子 instead adv.代替 realize v.认识到 copy v.抄写 correctly adv.正确地 traffic n.交通 accident n.(交通)事故 A long time ago 很久以前Challenge….to…向(某人)挑战And so on 等等 Copy down 抄写 Unit 3 order n.订货 compare v.比较 monitor n.显示器 speaker n.扬声器 main unit n.主机 keyboard n.键盘 mouse n.鼠标 type v.打字 brain n.脑 control v.控制 expensive adj.昂贵的 tiny adj.绩效的 depend v.依靠 *calculate v.计算 speed n.速度 operate v.操作 railway n.铁路系统 company n.公司 price n.价格 total n.总额 inch n.英寸 sell v.出售 popular adj.受喜爱的 work as 从事…….工作 (be)unaware of 没注意到; depend on 依靠 In addition 除…..以外 grand total 总计; look forward to 盼望; Unit 4 advertisement n.广告 funny adj.滑稽的 create v.创造

广州新版英语八年级上册单词及短语资料 全套

八年级上单词及短语强化训练 Module 1 Amazing things Unit 1 Encyclopedias 【单词】 ____________ n.百科全书____________adj.人的 ____________ n.恐龙____________ n.意大利人 ____________ n.发明家____________ n.音乐家 ____________ n.科学家____________ v.出生 ____________ n.乡村;农村____________ n.才智;智慧 ____________ adj.有艺术天赋的____________ n.才能;能力 ____________ adv.可能;大概____________ n.发明 ____________ n.笔记本_____________ v.包括;包含 ____________ adv.(强调出乎意料)甚至_____________ adv.然而 ____________ adv.突然;忽然_____________ pron.没有人 ____________ n.化石____________ n.元(美国、加拿大等国货币单位)____________ v.(在比赛中)获胜,赢→过去式_________ →过去分词__________ 【短语】 _______________ 在乡村;在农村________________ 人 _______________ 消失;灭绝________________ 了解(到);弄清_______________ 去散步________________ 在……的最后 ________________ 破开;破裂________________大的景点 ________________ 在干燥的气候中________________ 对某人而言重要_______________ 攀登;爬 【Useful sentences】 1.From an early age, he showed great intelligence and artistic ability. 1R 2.As he grew older, … 3.Dinosaurs lived on Earth more than 60 million years before human beings. 1R

广州英语沪教牛津版八年级上册Unit1讲义和练习

Unit 1 Encyclopaedias 1. ____________________在农村 2. human being _____________________ 3. _____________________消失,灭绝 4. go for a walk_____________________ 5. _____________________因…而著名 6. for example _____________________ 7. ______________________在…末尾8. used to do sth____________________ 9. ______________________出生在某地10. look up____________________ 11. _____________________长大12. remember to do sth____________________ Getting ready look up 为固定搭配,意为“(在字典、参考书中)查找”,后接名词或代词作宾语,look up后若跟代词作宾语,代词应放在look 和up之间。 短语:look up……in…… 在……中查找…… Eg: You can_________ his telephone number in the telephone book. If we don’t know how to use a word, we can___________ in a dictionary. 【同类归纳】look的其他常用短语 look at____________ look for____________ look after____________ look over____________ look like____________ look through____________ born (动词;形容词)__________ 短语:be born in+______ 出生在 …… be born on +______ 出生在 …… be born of+_______ 出生于…. Eg: She _____________ China on September 23. 3. include (动词)___________指在一个整体中包括了其中一部分内容或项目,强调包含的部分。Eg: The clubs in our school _________music club, English club and so on。 famous (形容词)_________ 短语:be famous for…… 因……而著名 be famous as…… 作为……而著名 Eg: China ___________________ The Great Wall and pandas.

相关主题