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1. 被系在…上be attached to…

2. 探索行为exploratory behavior

3. 偶尔on occasion

4. 父母的责任parental duties

5. 揭示,阐明throw light on

6. 最终目的an ultimate purpose

7. 要做的动作desired action

8. 所希望的结果desirable outcome

9. 关键critical point

10. 育儿观value of child rearing

11. 弥补某种错误行为making up for a misdeed

12. 回想起来in retrospect

13. 善意的well-intentioned

14. 前来帮助某人come to sb.’s rescue

15. 极其熟练、温和地with extreme facility and gentleness

16. 适用于apply to

17. 发展到evolve to

18. 发展创造力promote creativity

19. 值得追求的目标worthwhile goals

One way of summarizing the American position is to state that we value originality and independence more than the Chinese do. The contrast between our two cultures can also be seen in terms of the fears we both harbor. Chinese teachers are fearful that if skills are not acquired early, they may never be acquired; there is, on the other hand, no comparable hurry to promote creativity. American educators fear that unless creativity has been acquired early, it may never emerge; on the other hand, skills can be picked up later.


However, I do not want to overstate my case. There is enormous creativity to be found in Chinese scientific, technological and artistic innovations past and present. And there is a danger of exaggerating creative breakthroughs in the West. When any innovation is examined closely, its reliance on previous achievements is all too apparent (the "standing on the shoulders of giants" phenomenon).


But assuming that the contrast I have developed is valid, and that the fostering of skills and creativity are both worthwhile goals, the important question becomes this: Can we gather, from the Chinese and American extremes, a superior way to approach education, perhaps striking a better

balance between the poles of creativity and basic skills?



1. 面临,遭遇be confronted with

2. 仰头向上看look up at

3. 填写fill out

4. 属于fall into

5. 仅仅,不多于,不强于nothing more than

6. 转瞬即逝的念头 a passing whim

7. 磨损,损耗wear and tear

8. 虽然,尽管in spite of

9. 期望,盼望look forward to

10. 富裕的,有钱的well off

11. 不自在,格格不入out of place

12. 陈旧的家具dated furniture

13. …之后不久shortly after

14. 走下坡路,失败go south

15. 转折点 a turning point

16. 与…形成对比in contrast to

17. 对…予以注意,致力于focus on

18. 归属感 a sense of belonging

19. 遭遇困难go through a rough time

20. 久不消逝的微笑 a lingering smile

21. 为…感恩be thankful for

22. 收入最低的档次the lowest income bracket

23. 创作才能the gift of creativity

24. 对物质财富的追求the pursuit of possessions

Yet I feel nothing more than a passing whim to attain the material things so many other people have. My 1999 car shows the wear and tear of 105,000 miles. But it is still dependable. My apartment is modest, but quiet and relaxing. My clothes are well suited to my work, which is primarily outdoors. My minimal computer needs can be met at the library.


In spite of what I don’t have, I don’t feel poor. Why? I’ve enjoyed exceptionally good health for 53 years. It’s not just that I’ve been illness-free, it’s that I feel vigorous and spirited. Exercising is actually fun for me. I look forward to long, energizing walks. And I love the “can do”attitude that follows.


I also cherish the gift of creativity. When I write a beautiful line of poetry, or fabricate a joke that tickles someone, I feel rich inside. I’m continually surprised at the insights that come through my writing process. And talking with so many interesting writer friends is one of my main sources of enjoyment.



. UNIT 3

1.舞台前方the edge of the stage