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学英语精读第三版(上海外语教育出版社董亚芬主编)第三册Book3 Unit1答案

1) accent

2) turn against

3) a couple of

4) takes his time

5) fate

6) confirmed

7) witness

8) subsequent

9) stands a chance

10) trial

1) belief

2) brilliant

3) employment

4) has saved up

5) stood a chance

6) were awarded

7) Presumably

8) conducted

9) casual

10) around (which student life) revolves

1) Joe wrote to say that he had to put off his visit because of his illness.

2) Despite the noise, they went on working as if nothing were happening.

3) Traffic was held up for several hours by the accident.

4) Called (up) on to speak at the meeting, I couldn't very well refuse.

5) Mrs. Stevenson looked in the cupboard and found there was not a single lump of sugar left.

6) It was the rumor that turned Joe against his twin brother.

7) We wondered how Sara was getting on in her new job.

8) Although Anne agreed with me on most points, there was one on which she was unwilling to give in.

9) Visitors could photograph almost anything here without having to ask for permission.

10) Whether we make an excursion or stay home will depend on tomorrow's weather.

1) uncertain,unafraid,unacceptable,unfamiliar,unequal;

2) unanswered,unattached,unknown,undecided,unexpected;

3) unhappily,unskillfully,unconsciously,unnecessarily,uncomfortably;

4) unsay,undress,untie,unlock,unload。

1) reliable

2) changeable

3) enjoyable

4) exhaustible

5) permissible

6) regrettable

7) breakable

8) imaginable

9) workable

10) applicable

1) countercharge

2) counterattack

3) counterpart

4) counteract

5) countermeasures

6) Counterculturists

1) Liz sang perfectly in the town hall yesterday afternoon.

2) I saw your brother and his girlfriend walking arm in arm in the park the other day.

3) It began to blow quite hard before midnight.

4) They moved the piano into another room upstairs last evening.

5) Come to my office at ten o'clock.

6) I was still living alone at home at the time.

7) Believe it or not, I ran into your cousin in a shop in New York three weeks ago.

8) The old couple were sitting quite happily in the garden at this time yesterday.

1) It turned out that his methods didn't work at all.

2) It turned out that the necklace was not made of diamond, but of glass.

3) It turned out that the "lost" money had been in the safe all the time!

4) It turned out that the experiment was much more difficult than they had supposed.

5) It has turned out that your nephew is the most suitable person for the job.

6) To his surprise, it turned out that the fashionable young lady he spoke to was a pickpocket.

1) Given his age, it was indeed a miracle that he had done so much in so short a time.

2) Given that they are fresh from university, the young people have done a good job.

3) Given that X equals ten, X minus four is six.

4) Given good health, he can finish the work in a couple of weeks.

5) Given enough manpower and financial support, the goal can certainly be attained.

6) Given the chance, Paul might make it.

1) Fate

2) trial

3) guilty

4) couple of

5) conduct

6) wandering

7) casual

8) confirm

9) temporary

10) brilliant

11) stand a chance

12) employment

13)turn against






























1) 发言人(spokesman)明确表示总统在任何情况下都不会取消(cancel)这次旅行。

The spokesman made it clear that the President would not cancel the trip under any circumstances.

2) 杰克对书架上那些书一本也不了解,所以他的选择是很随意的。

Jack didn't know anything about any of the books on the bookshelf, so his choice was quite arbitrary.

3) 随后发生的那些事件再次证明了我的猜疑(suspicions)是对的。(confirm)

The subsequent events confirmed my suspicions once again.

4) 我认为我们应该鼓励中学生在暑假找临时工作。

I think we should encourage high school students to find temporary jobs / employment during their summer holidays.

5) 令我们吃惊的是,这位常被赞为十分正直的州长(governor)竟然是个贪官(corrupt official)。

To our surprise, the governor who had often been praised for his honesty turned out to be a corrupt official.

6) 少数工人得到提升(be promoted),与此同时却有数百名工人被解雇。

A few workers were promoted, but meanwhile hundreds of workers were dismissed.

7) 如果有机会,约翰也许已成为一位杰出的画家了。(given)

Given the chance, John might have become an outstanding painter.

8) 数小时后,有人看见那个男孩在林子里瞎转。

Several hours later, the boy was found wandering around in the woods.

大学英语精读第三版(上海外语教育出版社董亚芬主编)第三册Book3 Unit2答案

1) fruitful

2) evolution

3) limitations

4) versions

5) Despite

6) intends

7) In short

8) access

9) nowhere

10) super

11) messy

12) online

1) despite

2) contracting

3) data

4) intended

5) (his) limitations

6) fruitful

7) uncovered

8) definitely

9) view

10) milder

11) notable

12) quest

1) think up

2) bring up

3) took out

4) setting back

5) gives off

6) springing up

7) came to

8) lit up

9) made for

10) left behind

















1)the youngest in his family

2)the cheapest here

3)The smallest

4)the most dangerous

5)the deaf and the blind

6)All the sick and the wounded

7)the employed and the unemployed

8)happy people

9)the young

10)Intelligent people

1) Martin was about to go to bed when there was a knock at the door.

2) The travelers were about to cross the river when a storm broke.

3) The film was about to start when cries of "Fire" were heard.

4) I was about to write to Aunt Sophia when she came to visit us.

5) Jenny was about to leave when Mark arrived so she stayed a little longer.

1) An officer is meant to set a good example to his men.

2) The diagram is meant to explain how the machine works.

3) Examinees are meant to write their names at the top of the paper.

4) Parents are meant to love all their children equally.

5) This experiment is meant to test a new theory recently proposed by some American scientists.

1) Despite

2) data

3) download

4) web

5) limitations

6) fruitful

7) uncover

8) evolution

9) notable

10) view

11) In short

12) thinking up

1) Asking

2) their

3) had

4) no

5) could

6) way

7) imagine

8) instead

9) what

10) If

11) encourage

12) child

13) follow

14) do

15) deal/cope

16) same

17) when

18) as

19) creative

20) to

VII. Dictation

One of the ways you can encourage children to be creative is to talk things over rather than to give instructions or make a model when they ask for help. If you show a child how to draw a flower or a person, they will try to draw one just like yours. This can be frustrating because no matter how hard children try, their pictures will not be as "good" as yours because they do not have the skill that you have. Chances are that children will compare the two pictures and not be happy with their own. They may even decide not to try. Be creative yourself and think of ways to encourage children's creativity.

IX. Translation翻译


It is important to have easy and quick access to information, but it is even more important to learn to look at / view information in new ways. A major medical breakthrough may illustrate the point. Scientists

had intended to find a cure for smallpox, but they got nowhere. Edward Jenner, a British physician, abandoned the quest for a cure and conquered the disease by finding a way to prevent it. Obviously, it was creative thinking that led to his fruitful work. In short, it definitely pays to keep this in mind: there is more than one way to look at / view volumes of data you download.

大学英语精读第三版(上海外语教育出版社董亚芬主编)第三册Book3 Unit3答案

1) urban

2) analysis

3) keep a diary

4) pace

5) technological

6) catch his breath

7) intuition

8) convince

9) Civil

10) was/has been renovated

1) took (detailed) notes

2) switched

3) energetic

4) stimulated

5) built on/is built on

6) renovate

7) learned (man)

8) compelled

9) distributed

10) repay

1) switch to

2) has set up

3) kept on

4) leave out

5) called on

6) send off

7) stayed up

8) found out

1) dictatorship

2) professorship

3) sportsmanship

4) scholarship

5) martyrdom

6) readership

7) leadership

8) officialdom

9) partnership

10) hardship

11) boredom

12) workmanship

1) the point

2) points

3) There is no point in

4) What's the point of

5) The point

6) a point

1) I didn't leave college because I was tired of learning.

2) We didn't set up the corporation merely because we wanted to make profits.

3) John didn't marry Alice because she was rich, or because she was pretty.

4) He didn't join the Confederate army because he stood for slavery.

5) The police didn't arrest him because he had really committed any crime, or because he was an escaped prisoner.

1) We all left the meeting convinced that the project was feasible.

2) Peter got home tired out from the three-month-long journey to the Antarctic.

3) They went hunting for hours, but they returned empty-handed.

4) He entered the office still annoyed by the way she had spoken to him.

1) himself in the ward of a hospital

2) themselves surrounded by enemy forces

3) themselves reading it with fresh eyes

4) himself tailed by a man in black

5) myself doubting my own judgment

6) ourselves in a large valley

1) analysis

2) professions

3) energetic

4) catch his breath

5) staying up

6) convinced

7) stimulating

8) administrative

9) switch

10) pace

11) reflection

12) spark

13) repaying































1) 许多美国大学生申请政府贷款交付学费。

Many American students apply for government loans to pay for their education / tuition.

2) 除阅读材料外,使用电影和多媒体(multimedia)会激发学生学习的兴趣。

Besides reading materials, the use of films and multimedia can stimulate students' interest in a subject.

3) 这位律师试图说服陪审团(jury)他的当事人(client)是无辜的。(convince sb. of)

The attorney / lawyer tried to convince the jury of his client's innocence.

4) 提问常常会引发创造的火花。

Asking questions often generates the spark of creativity.

5) 我已经把我的简历(résumé)寄往几家公司,但尚未收到回复。

I h ave sent off my résumé to several corporations, but haven't yet received a reply.

6) 她的结论是建立在对当前国际情况进行了认真的分析的基础上的。

Her conclusion is built / based on a careful analysis of current international affairs.

7) 我们满怀期望地来参加会议,离开时却大失所望。

We came to the meeting full of expectations, yet we left very disappointed.

8) 暂时他只得接受了一份给一家化妆品公司发促销传单的活儿。

At the moment he has to take the job of distributing leaflets to promote products for a cosmetic company.

大学英语精读第三版(上海外语教育出版社董亚芬主编)第三册Book3 Unit4答案

1) junior

2) junk

3) winds

4) physical

5) handicap

6) Click

7) decayed

8) interpreted

9) leaning

10) limb

11) twisted

12) relationship

13) surrounded

14) at least

15)in hopes of

1) covering

2) runs

3) affect

4) dotted with

5) Elaborate

6) fancy

7) grabbed

8) maximum

9) per

10) spotted

11) strained

12) caught her eye

13) sort of

1) add to

2) curled up

3) bring back

4) called up

5) grow up

6) came up with

7) work out

8) was singled out

9) take apart



3) Venusian
















1) taxpayers' money

2) playgoers

3) Young songwriters

4) babysitters

5) housekeepers

6) sunbather

7) wheelchair

8) driveway

1) that little progress has been made

2) is doing a little better this season

3) a little earlier than scheduled

4) Little did he realize

5) said little about her work experience

6) little imagined then

7) slow down a little

8) have little contact with the outside world

1) Nigel's novel was not as well received as he had hoped.

2) He ran as hard as he could in hopes of breaking his record for the five miles.

3) Some of the power stations have significantly failed to operate as efficiently as people have expected.

4) The aging body does not absorb and distribute food as efficiently

as it used to do.

5) The British welfare system did not assist the genuinely needy groups as effectively as did some systems prevailing elsewhere.

1) But why don't you pluck up the courage to do what you've always wanted to?

2) He will help you prepare what you need to say.

3) What is true for general histories also applies to surveys of more limited periods.

4) I have noticed that what are commonly called warm colors is not necessary to produce the impression of warmth in landscape.

5) These travel books entertain readers with accounts of what travelers have seen.

1) Every time I see you you're even lovelier than I remember.

2) Every time it's sunny I enjoy driving.

3) Every time the child completes a specified desirable behavior it will earn a toy.

4) My ankle hurts every time I put my foot to the ground.

5) Every time I sat down I went to sleep.

1) affected

2) physical

3) interpret

4) spot

5) handicap

6) fastened

7) maximum

8) per

9) extensively

10) Straining