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I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) insert 2) on occasion 3) investigate 4) In retrospect 5) initial 6) phenomena 7) attached 8) make up for 9) is awaiting 10) not in the least 11) promote 12) emerged

2. Rewrite each sentence…

1) a striking contrast between the standards of living in the north of the country and the south

2) is said to be superior to synthetic fiber

3) as a financial center has evolved slowly

4) is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer

5) by a little-known sixteen-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.

3. Complete the sentences

1) be picked up, can’t accomplish, am exaggerating

2) somewhat, the performance, have neglected, they apply to

3) assist, On the other hand, are valid, a superior

II. Confusable Words


1) continual 2) continuous 3) continual 4) continuous


1) principal; 2) principal; 3)principle 4) principles 5) principal

III. Usage

1. themselves

2. himself/herself

3. herself/by herself/on her own

4. itself

5. ourselves

6. yourself/by yourself/on your own

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) contrast 2) exaggerating 3) priority 4) on the other hand 5) promoting 6) pick up

7) assist 8) accomplish 9) on occasion 10) neglecting 11). worthwhile 12)superior

2. Theme-related

1. end

2. perform

3. facing

4. competent

5. equipped

6. designed

7. approach

8. rest 9. definitely 10. quality

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.

2) Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience.

3) Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.

4) Assuming (that) this painting really is a mas terpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/purchase it?

5) If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating. 2. Translate the passage

To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-known essays as possible is also very important.

Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English. 22222222222222222222222222222222222222222222

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless 4) wear and tear

5) dated 6) consequences 7) seemingly 8) in contrast to

9) Curiosity 10) genuine 11) primarily 12) sentiments

2. R ewrite each sentence…

1) confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first

2) vital to the existence of all forms of life

3) some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject

4) nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy

5) tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice

3. Complete the sentences

1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments

2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences

3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain

II. Words with Multiple Meanings

1. It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.

2. She arrived early and took a front row seat.

3. Don’t take me for a fool.

4. It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.

5. My uncle will take me (alone on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.

6. He took the dinner plate I passed to him.

7. Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.

8. If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.

III. Usage

1. hanging

2. to give

3. to return

4. being praised

5. not having

6. to say

7. to open

8. being helped

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) well-off/affluent 2) dated 3) falling into 4) bracket 5) deny 6) tangible

7) pursuit 8) cherishes 9) out of place 10) abrupt 11) focus 12) donations

2. Theme-related

1) consume 2) fueled 3) annual 4) plain 5) physically

6) security 7) indicates 8) equally 9) traditional 10) follows

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.

2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

3) Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.

4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.

5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs.

2. Translate the passage

With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.


Unit 3 The Generation Gap

Text A Father Knows Better

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) typical 2) dumb 3) junior 4) glorious 5) welfare 6) came over 7) interference

8) fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank 11) schemes 12) at any rate

2. Rewrite each sentence…

1) consists of five generals and four police officers.

2) will be in a location overlooking the lake.

3) was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people.

4) have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?

5) was exhausted after the long cycle ride.

3. Complete the sentences

1) hysterical, was handed down by, should have known better than

2) twisted, over and over, talented son,

3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured…repeatedly

II. Collocation

1. adequate

2. anxious

3. certain

4. content

5. crazy

6. likely

7. fortunate

8. keen

III. Usage

1. be admitted

2. live

3. be postponed

4. buy

5. be banned

6. be

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) typical 2) welfare 3) constant 4) frank 5) talent 6) dumb 7) know better than that

8) repeatedly 9) dread 10) interference 11)bet 12)assure

2. Theme-related

1. despite

2. really

3. same

4. contact

5. admitted

6. attempt

7. not

8. tend 9. different 10. manner

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?

2) The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.

3) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.

4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.

5) Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.

2. Translate the passage

George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CDs for computer games software from his classmates

Unit 4

Text A A Virtual Life

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) conversely 2) but then 3) symptom 4)spitting 5) abusing

6) tone 7) took (her) in 8) editing 9)have arranged 10) in sight

11) stretched 12) data

2. Re write each sentence…

1) smoking cigarettes jars on me.

2) find themselves getting sucked in

3) has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.

4) fled their country to avoid military service/ fled to other countries to avoid military service.

5) restore people's confidence in it.

3. Complete the sentences

1) the virtual/ on line/ via

2) nightmare/ routine/ any appointment/ arrange for

3) cue/ remarks/ his tune

II. Collocation

1. We came here all the way on foot.

2. Private cars are not allowed on campus.

3. They are on vacation in Florida.

4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.

5. Don't worry, Lucy is always on time.

6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.

III. Usage

l. hard 2. difficult

3. impossible

4. tough

5. hard

6. easy

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) Internet 2) click

3) virtual 4) routines

5) arrange 6) nightmare

7) annoying 8) connection

9) crawls 10) take in

11) spit 12) data

13) sucked into 14) At times

15) flee 16) on line

2. Theme-related

1) companion 2) deliver

3) access 4) enables

5) customers 6) delights

7) provides 8) small

9) remote 10) information

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.

2) A slow Internet connection speed is really annoying.

3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.

4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.

5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.

2. Translate the passage

Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret

Unit 6 Women, Half the sky

Text A A Woman Can Learn Anything a Man Can

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) cultural/culture 2)indication 3) miniature 4) ironic 5) stumbled into 6) decent

7)buzzing 8) abnormal 9) mechanical 10) shuddering 11) implied 12)leap

2. Rewrite each sentence…

1) Convert RMB into US dollars in the foreign exchange office

2) Didn’t know the first thing about co oking as she looked puzzled as to how to cook rice with the rice cooker

3) Their faulty equipment the team had accomplished some very useful work.

4) Allowing me to work flexible hours as long as I work eight hours a day

5) Couldn’t help thinking the book must be quite fascinating.

3. Complete the sentences

1) will not panic/ feel panic, will be at a disadvantage

2) hybrid, transmission

3) carve, one indication, to distinguish

II. Collocation

1. also

2. as well/too

3. too

4. too

5. as well/too

6. too 7 also 8. also

III. Usage

1. I’ve had enough

2.when I was old enough to work and earn money

3. can’t get enough sleep at night

4. had so far collected enough of them

5.have strong enough arms

6. have just enough money to live on

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) stumbled into 2) not know the first thing about 3) mechanical 4) when it comes to

5) hybrid 6) gritted her teeth 7) premise 8) at a disadvantage 9) panic

10) cultural 11)flexible 12)imply

2. Theme-related

1. chair

2. force

3. secrets

4. painstaking

5. recognized

6. steered

7. essentially

8.obsevation 9. women 10. tutor 11.inspired 12.unless

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) He is a man of few words, but it comes to playing computer games, he is too clever for his classmates.

2) Children who don’t know any better may think these animals are pretty cute and start playing with them.

3) There is no way to obtain a loan, so as to buy the new equipment, I’ll just have to grit my teeth and sell my hybrid car.

4) The hunter would not have fired the shots if he had not seen a herd of elephants coming towards his campsite.

5) I find it ironic that Tom has a selective memory --- he does not seem to remember painful experiences in the past, particular those of his own doing.

2. Translate the passage:

Nancy Hopkins is a biology professor at MIT. She craves knowledge and works hard. However, as a scientist, she could not help noticing all kinds of indications of gender inequality on campus. Men and women professors did the same work, but when it came to promotion the administrators were rather selective. It is ironic that after so much cultural progress, women were still at a disadvantage in institutions of higher education. When her

request for more lab space was refused, she knew she had to fight. So she gritted her teeth and complained to the President. The fight ended in victory and Nancy was converted into a gender-equity advocate.

Unit 7 Learning about English

Text A The Glorious Messiness of English

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) Strictly speaking 2) drifted 3) resembles 4) invaded

5) is conquered 6) fascinating 7) snack 8) put into practice

9) source 10) climate 11) surrendered 12) were aroused

2. Rewrite each sentence…

1) an absolute necessity rather than a luxury

2) is a valuable addition to the football team.

3) will get out of control, if the firemen do not arrive within ten minutest

4) alternative but to go via Vancouver to get to Seattle.

5) declared all beef imports will be banned for the next six months as an emergence measure to stop the spread of mad cow disease

3. Complete the sentences

1) systematic, have invented, to a very real extent, mysteries

2) to establish, to be modified/ modifying

3) tolerance towards, strike out, enrich

II. Synonyms

1. wish, wish, want, want/wish

2. skin, hide/skin, hide, skin

3. raise/rear, raise, rear/raise, raise

4. royal, kingly/royal, sovereign, royal/ kingly

III. Usage

1. Indeed

2. though

3. Frankly


5. To my knowledge

6. however

7. nevertheless

8. Yet

9.instead 10. in other words

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) fascinating 2) tolerance 3) invented 4) addition 5) ban

6) corrupt 7) out of control 8) influenced 9) elite 10) came up with

11) establishing 12) Massive 13) sources 14) enrich

2. Theme-related

1) early 2) similar 3) source 4) observation 5) examine

6) features 7) declared 8) stronger 9) accident 10) sprung

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) Many small businesses have sprung up in the city since the new policy went into effect.

2) On hearing the news, she smiled briefly, and then returned to her habitual frown.

3) He paused for effect, then said:” We can reach/ enter these markets through new channels.

4) The addition of a concert hall to the school will help it nourish young musical talents

5) We have no way to protect our personal liberties until we have established a sovereign state./ We can’t protect our personal liberties unless we, first of all, establish a sovereign state.

2. Translate the passage

Though how the English language came into existence remains a mystery to many people, linguists believe that English and most other European languages have descended from a common source: the Indo-European parent language. English was first spoken by the Anglo-Saxons who invaded England in the fifth century. They passed onto us the basic vocabulary of English. In over fifteen centuries of its development, English has enriched itself by massive borrowing. As British immigrants landed in America and established the United States as an independent nation, a new variety was added to the English language: American English. Though some people worry that the language is running out of control, many native speakers of English take pride in the tolerance of their language.

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