1.1) insert 2) on occasion 3) investigate
4) In retrospect 5) initial 6)
7) attached 8) make up for 9) is awaiting 10) not…in the least 11) promote 12) emerged
2. 1) There is a striking contrast between the
standards of living in the north of the
country and the south.
2) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
3) The city’s importance as a financial
center has evolved slowly.
4) His nationality is not relevant to whether
he is a good lawyer.
5) The poems by a little-known
sixteenth-century Italian poet have
found their way into some English
3. 1) be picked up, can’t accomplish, am
2) somewhat, performance, have neglected,
they apply to
3) assist, On the other hand, are valid, a
1. 1) continual 2) continuous 3) continual
2. 1) principal 2) principal 3) principle 4) principles 5) principal
3. herself/by herself/on her own
6. yourself/ by yourself/on your own
1. 1) contrast 2) exaggerating 3) priority 4) on the other hand 5)
6) pick up 7) assist 8) accomplish 9) on occasion 10) neglecting
11) worthwhile 12) superior
2. 1) end 2) perform 3) facing 4) competent 5) equipped
6) designed 7) approach 8) rest 9) definitely 10) quality II. Translation
1.1) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.
2) Tom used to be very shy, but this time he
was bold enough to give a performance
in front of a large audience.
3) Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.
4) Assuming (that) this painting really is a
masterpiece, do you think it’s
worthwhile to buy/purchase it?
5) If the data is statistically valid, it will
throw light on the problem we are investigating.
2. To improve our English, it is critical
to do more reading, writing, listening and
speaking. Besides, learning by heart as
many well-written essays as possible is
also very important. Without an
enormous store of good English writing
in your head you cannot express yourself
freely in English. It is also helpful to
summarize our experience as we go along,
for in so doing, we can figure out which
way of learning is more effective and will
produce the most desirable result. As long
as we keep working hard on it, we will in
due course accomplish the task of
★ Text B
Comprehension check: c c d a c b Language Practice
1.g h e c f a b d
2.1) adopt 2) account 3) from your point of
view 4) ended up 5) furthermore 6) fund 7) annual 8) keeping track of 9) pace 10) intends
11) perspective 12) devise
I. 1. 1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless 4) wear and tear 5) dated
6）consequences 7）seemingly 8) in contrast to 9) Curiosity 10) genuine
11) primarily 12) sentiments
2. 1) When you are confronted with more
than one problem, try to solve the
easiest one first.
2) Water is vital to the existence of all forms of life.
3) There is still some confusion among the
students about what to do after class to
follow up on the subject.
4) As a person of simple living habits, he
needs nothing more than a job and an
apartment to be happy.
5) It tickled him to think that she’d come to
as his advice.
3. 1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments
2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences
3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain
1.I t’s a long trip and will take us five hours by
2.S he arrived early and took a front row seat.
3.D on’t take me for a fool.
4.I t takes a lot of imagination to fabricate
such a story.
5.M y uncle will take me (along on his trip) to
the Arctic this summer.
6.H e took the dinner plate I passed to him.
7.K evin took second prize in the
8.I f you don’t take my advice, you will regret
2. to give
3. to return
being praised 5. not having written
6. to say
7. to open
8. being helped
1. 1) well-off/affluent 2) dated 3) falling into 4) bracket 5) deny
6) tangible 7) pursuit 8) cherishes 9) out of place 10) abrupt
11) focus 12) donations
2. 1) consume 2) fueled 3) annual 4) plain 5) physically 6) security
7) indicates 8) equally 9) traditional 10) follows
1.1) The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.
2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.
3) Education is the most cherished tradition
in our family. That’s why my parents
never took me to dinner at expensive
restaurants, but sent me to the best
4) Shortly after he recovered from the
surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go
through another difficult phase of his life.
5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my
parents are rather poor, but they have
always tried hard to meet our minimal
2. With more and more donations
coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
★ Text B
Comprehension Check: b b d c d d Language Practice
1.f c g e b a h d
2.1) stunned 2) hold (fast) to 3) folks 4)
generosity 5) discount 6) liable
7) ranks 8) on the run 9) make up
10) blends in 11) by all accounts 12)
comes into contact with
1．1) typical 2)dumb 3) junior 4) glorious 5) welfare 6)came over 7) interference 8)fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank 11)schemes 12) at any rate
2. 1) The Security council consists of five
generals and four police officers.
2) The new hotel will be in a location
overlooking the lake.
3) I was humiliated by her comments about
my family background in front of so many people.
4) Do you have any proof that it was Henry
who stole the computer?
5) the boy was exhausted after the long
3. 1) hysterical; was handed down; should
have known better than
2) twisted, over and over, talented son
3) patience, not to keep him in suspense,
1.b e admitted
3. be postponed
5. be banned
6. be Comprehensive Exercise
I. 1. 1) typical 2) welfare 3) constant
4) frank 5) talent 6) dumb
7) know better than that 8) repeatedly 9)
dread 10) interference 11) bet 12) assure
2. 1) despite 2) really 3) same
4) contact 5) admitted 6)
7) not 8) tend 9) different
1. 1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?
2) The planning committee has narrowed
down the possible locations for the
nuclear power plant to two coastal
3) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.
4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.
5) Sean felt humiliated ti hear his talent being questioned.
2. George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked
listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep.
Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you? You should know better than to disturb others for your own amusement.”In the end George traded his CD’s for computer games software from his classmates.
★ Text B
Comprehension Check: b a b c d a Language Practice
1. d e f g a b h c
2. 1) and he like 2) popularity 3) had been
kept in the dark 4) define 5) was aware
of 6)relate 7) were up to 8) trend
1. 1) conversely 2). but then 3) symptom 4) spitting 5) abusing
7) took…in 8) editing 9) have arranged 10) in sight 11) stretched 12) data
2. 1) The sight of teenagers smoking cigarettes jars on me.
2) A lot of American teenagers don’t like
street gangs, but they find themselves
getting sucked in.
3) Jeffrey’s computer crashed again this
morning. The manager has arranged for
a technician from the computer store to
check and repair it.
4) During the Vietnam War, many young
Americans fled their country to avoid
military service/fled to other countries
to avoid military service.
5) The new government is planning an
anti-corruption campaign so as to
restore people’s confidence in it.
3. 1) the virtual, on line, via 2) nightmare, routine, any appointment, arrange for
3) cue, remarks, his tune
II. 1. We came here all the way on foot.
2. Private cars are not allowed on campus.
3. They are on vocation in Florida.
4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.
5. Don’t worry, Lucy is always on time.
6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise. III. 1. hard 2. difficult 3. impossible 4. tough 5. hard 6. easy
1. 1) internet 2) click 3) virtual 4)
routines 5) arrange 6) nightmare 7) annoying 8) connection 9) crawls 10) take in 11) spit 12) data 13) sucked into 14) At times 15) flee 16) on line 2. 1) companion 2) deliver 3) access 4)
enables 5) customers 6) delights 7) provides 8) small 9) remote 10) information
1. 1) Research shows that laughter can bring
a lot of health benefits.
2) A slow Internet connecting speed is really annoying.
3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.
4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.
5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.
2. Perhaps you envy me for being able
to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write，submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss.
With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news.
But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.
★ Text B
Comprehension Check: c a a b d c Language Practice
1．d e a c b f g h
2．1) vehicle 2) hooked on 3)intense
4)worldwide 5)overnight 6)slipped 7) on the whole 8) called forth 9) outwards 10)Needless to say 11) to
my knowledge 12) On top of that
1. 1) startled 2) mere 3) motion 4)
sweating 5) stretched 6) vain 7) On one occasion
8) anxiety 9) emotions 10) ashamed 11) In my mind’s eye 12) recurring
2. 1) Mrs. White’s birthday coincides with her husband’s.
2) They make big profits on the stuff they
sell by creating an artificial shortage,
which send s the prices soaring/results
in the soaring of prices.
3) It has been a week of alternate sunshine and rain.
4) Politics and philosophy have been his
lifelong passions, although he studied
economics at university.
5) Tension came over her, as she waited for her first TV interview.
3. 1) media, dedication to, grace 2) his competitors, in excitement, hug him, congratulate him on
3) emotions, numerous, intensity, passion for
1.M ike, a Green, made the suggestion that a large park be built near the community.
2.I n a letter to his daughter, Mr. Smith expressed his wish that she (should) continue her education to acquire still another degree.
3.T here is no reason to hold the belief that humans have no direct moral responsibility to safeguard the welfare of animals.
4.C hildren need to feel safe about the world they grow up in, and it is unwise to give them the idea that everything they come into contact with might be a threat.
5.A nxiety can result from the notion that life
has not treated us fairly.
6.N obody believed his claim that he was innocent.
1.I work out in the gym for one hour every morning.
2.F lorence has worked as cleaner at the factory for five years.
3.T he wounded man worked his way across the field on his hands and knees.
4.T he safe load for a truck of this type works out at about twenty-five tons.
5.I t is difficult to understand how human minds work.
6.T o my disappointment, the manager’s plan of promoting the new products doesn’t work at all.
7.T he teacher has a lot of experience of working with children who don’t know how to learn.
8.T he medicine was like magic, and it worked instantly after you took it.