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Unit 1

P3:After Listening

Complete the following statements according to what you have heard.

1. much more advanced

2.apply some academic pressure gave in to his pleas/gave up

3. a duck takes to water

4. memorizing (stuff) thinking

5. ample space to grow

P10: Content Questions

Pair work

One of you asks the first six questions and the other answers. Starting from question7, change roles. When you have finished, the teacher may want to put some of the questions to you to check your progress.

1.They were studying arts education in Chinese

kindergartens and elementary schools in Nanjing.

2.Their 18-month-old son Benjamin was fond of trying to

place the key into the slot of the key box during their stay at the Jinling Hotel.

3.They would come over to watch Benjamin and then try to

teach him how to do it properly.

4.Because he realized that this anecdote was directly relevant

to their assigned tasks in China: to investigate early childhood education and to throw light on Chinese attitudes toward creativity.

5.Most of them displayed the same attitude as the staff at the

Jinling Hotel.

6.He emphasized that the most important thing is to teach

the child that one can solve a problem effectively be oneself.

7.He means that this incident pointed to important

differences in educational and artistic practices between China and USA.

8.The manner in which the Chinese staff saw the need to

teach the child by guiding his hand is characteristic of a broader attitude to education, one that stands in contrast to the Western preference for leaving the child to explore and learn unaided.

9.One example is of children at the age of 5 or 6 painting

flowers, fish and animals skillfully and confidently; in a second example, calligraphers 9 and 10 years old are producing excellent works; and in a third, young artists work on perfecting their craft for several hours a day. 10.Americans think that unless creativity has been acquired

early, it may never emerge, and skills can be picked up later. Chinese think that if skills are not acquired early, they may never be acquired, and there is no hurry to promote creativity.

11.This is mainly due to the difference in their way of


12.The author makes the suggestion that we should strike a

better balance between the poles of creativity and basic skills.


Working on Your Own

Do the exercises and then compare your answers with a partner.


1) The text begins with an anecdote.

2) His thoughts are mainly about different approaches to

learning in China and the West.

3) He winds up the text with a suggestion in the form of a



1) Chinese Americans

Show a child how to do something, teach children that they

or teach by holding the hand should rely on themselves for

solutions to problems

2) give greater priority to developing put more emphasis on skills at an early age, believing that fostering creativity in creativity can be promoted over time young children,

thinking skills can be

picked up later

P12 Language Sense Enhancement

1. (1)summarizing (2)value originality and independence

(3) contrast between (4) in terms of (5) harbor

(6)fearful (7)comparable (8)promote creativity

(9)emerge (10)picked up

P14: V ocabulary


1. 1)insert 2)on occasion 3)investigate 4)In retrospect

5)initial 6)phenomena 7)attached 8)make up for

9)is awaiting 10)not in the least 11)promote


2. 1)a striking contrast between the standards of living in the

north of the country and the south.

2)is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.

3)as a financial center has evolved slowly.

4)is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.

5) by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.

3. 1)be picked up can’t accomplish am exaggerating

2)somewhat the performance have neglected

they apply to

3)assist On the other hand are valid a superior

P16 II . Confusable Words

1. continual continuous

1)continual 2)continuous 3)continual 4)continuous

2.principal principle

1)principal 2)principal 3)principle 4)principles


P18 III. Usage



3.herself/by herself/on her own



6.yourself/by yourself /on your own

P 18: Comprehensive Exercise

I . Cloze

1. (1)contrast (2)exaggerating (3)priority

(4)on the other hand (5)promoting (6)pick up

(7)assist (8) accomplish (9)on occasion (10)neglecting

(11)worthwhile (12)superior

2. (1)end (2)perform (3)facing (4)competent

(5)equipped (6)designed (7)approach (8)rest

(9)definitely (10)quality

P19 II. Tranlation


1)It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.

2)Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience.

3)Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.

4)Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/purchase it?

5)If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.


To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also

helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for on so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.

P25: Translation

1. 孩子们在糖果,电子游戏上的花费之大令家长们十分震惊(或者更确切地说,孩子们的超支行为似乎是在竭力仿效父母,这令家长们十分震惊),于是家长便设法把孩子们的钱存起来不让用。

2. 以复利计算,年息达到70%以上。

3. 他们使用自己的资金我不加任何限制,不作任何询问,我还根据要求随时提供打印的账单。

4. 教育孩子们看问题要有长远目光的唯一途径,是让孩子们


P25: Lanquaqe Pracrice

1. Match the definitions (定义)in Column(栏)B with the words

or phrases or phrases in Column A.

g1) h2) e3) c4) f5) a6) b7) d8)

2.Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box.

Change the form where necessary.

1)adopt 2)account 3)from your point of view 4)ended up

5)furthermore 6)fund 7)annual 8)keeping track of 9)pace 10)intends 11)perspective 12)devise

P29a Part III Supplementary Exercises

2. Translate the following into English:

(parental duties ) (an ultimate purpose )

( make up for a misdeed ) (well-intentioned)

(worthwhile goals)

3.Translate the following sentences into English:

1)(But one of the most telling lessons Ellen and I got in the difference between Chinese and American ideas of education came not in the classroom but in the lobby of the Jinling Hotel where we stayed in Nanjing.)

2)(With a few exceptions my Chinese colleagues displayed the same attitude as the staff at the Jinling Hotel.)

3)(But the critical point was that, in the process, we were trying to teach Benjamin that one can solve a problem effectively by oneself.)

4)(In retrospect, it became clear to me that this incident was indeed key—and key in more than one sense.)

5)(The contrast between our two cultures can also be seen in terms of the fears we both harbor.)

Unit 2

P31 After Listening

1.the accuracy of his calculation

2.six and a quarter cents



P37 Comprehension Content Questions

Pair Work

1.The Salvation Army is a religious charitable organization. A Salvation Army bell ringer is a volunteer who helps it collect donations.

2.The boy asked him: Are you poor? He did it simply out of confusion and curiosity. Obviously he knew nothing about the Salvation Army bell ringer.

3.He said, “I have more than some people, but not as much as others.” This means that he was neither poor nor rich.

4.The boy’s mother scolded him because the question was socially inappropriate, especially to a person who looked poor.

5.Yes, economically he is poor. He lives in a small basement apartment. He doesn’t even have a color TV. He falls into the lowest income category. And so on.

6.No, the writer does not feel poor. This is because he has enjoyed good health and creativity which he thinks are much more important than material goods.

7.He feels out of place among people who are primarily

interested in material things.

8.She told him that she was interested in what’s on the inside. But after he took her to his poorly furnished apartment, she changed her mind completely.

9.It only shows that to her the most important thing was still material goods rather than what she had claimed before.

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8f18993026.html,mercials can put people under pressure to purchase more than is really necessary.

11.Because December is the time for him to work for the Salvation Army as a bell ringer, which gives him a genuine sense of belonging and brings him happiness in helping others.

12.The boy’s question has helped the writer realize that, despite his lack of expensive possessions, he is rich in many other ways and should be thankful for that.

P38 Working on Your Own


2)the essay is meant to explain something that is, the author’s view of life.

3) that one can live a life full of riches without being rich financially.

2. Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas

Part One Paras. 1-2 The writer’s encounter with a

boy who raised the question

“Are you poor?”

Part Two Paras.3-12 In search of an answer the

writer finds that not having

expensive possessions doesn’t

make him feel poor mainly

because he enjoys life in many

other ways.

Part Three Para.13 In conclusion, the writer thinks

he’s grown to understand

more about himself because of

the boy’s question.

P39 Language Sense Enhancement

1. (1)attain (2)wear and tear (3)dependable

(4)modest (5)primarily (6)minimal

(7)exceptionally (8)illness-free (9)spirited

(10 )energizing

P41 V ocabulary


1. 1)abrupt 2)emotional 3)bless 4)wear and tear

5)dated 6)consequences 7)seemingly 8)in contrast to

9)Curiosity 10)genuine 11)primarily 12)sentiments

2. 1) confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.

2) vital to the existence of all forms of life.

3)some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject.

4)nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy.

5)ticked him to think that she’d come to ask his advice.

3. 1)a lingering fabricating sentiments

2)fill out every item vital consequences

3) be denied tangible cherish attain

I I Words with Multiple Meanings


1.It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.

2.She arrived early and took a front row seat.

3.Don’t take me for a fool.

4.It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.

5.My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this


6.He took the dinner plate I passed to him.

7.Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.

8.If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.

P45 III Usage

1. hanging

2.to give

3.to return

4.being praised

5. not having written

6.to say

7.to open

8.being helped P46 Comprehensive Exercises


1. (1)well-off/affluent (2)dated (3)falling into (4)bracket

(5)deny (6)tangible (7)pursuit (8)cherishes (9)place

(10)abrupt (11)focus (12)donations

2. (1)consume (2)fueled (3)annual (4)plain

(5)physically (6)security (7)indicates (8)equally

(9)traditional (10)follows

II .Translation


1)The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.

2)Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

3)Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the private school.

4)Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.

5)In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal



With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.

P53 Translation

1. 只有在美国,一个亿万富翁才能像普通百姓一样生活,而不爱干扰。





P53Language Practice

1.Match the definitions in Column B with the word or phrases

in Column A.

f1) c2) g3) e4) b5) a6) h7) d8)

2.Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box.

Change the form where necessary.

1)stunned 2)hold(fast)to 3)folks 4)generosity 5)discount 6)liable 7)ranks 8)on the run 9)make up 10)blends in 11)by all accounts 12)comes into contact with

P57a Part III Supplementary Exercises

2.Translate the following into English:

( the lowest income bracket) (the gift of creativity )

( the pursuit of material possessions) ( a turning point) (go through a rough time )

3.Translate the following sentences into English:

1)(Yet I feel nothing more than a passing whim to attain the material things so many other people have. )

2)( I’ve enjoyed exceptionally good health for 53years. It’s not just that I’ve been illness-free, it’s that I feel vigorous and spirited.)

3)(When I write a beautiful line of poetry, or fabricate a joke that tickles someone, I feel rich inside. I’m continually

surprised at the insights that come through my writing process. )

4)(What was most important to her, she told me, was “what’s on the inside.” I thought I had found someone special to share my life with. )

5)( The pressure to purchase is real. It may be true that everybody wants a high-end TV. After all, nobody wants to be a nobody.)

Unit 3

P59 After Listening

1.Boomers parents grandparents

2.cowards/cowardly questioned

3.harsh/difficult/hard entertainment having fun

P68 Comprehension Content Questions

Pair Work

1.There are seven characters—Father, Mother, Heidi, Diane, Sean, Restaurant Manager, and Mrs. Higgins.

2.No. Because what he dose usually ends up embarrassing them.

3.To buy a guitar.

4. To check if Sean was doing OK there.

5.He knew his father was going to embarrass him.

6.It was unnecessary and embarrassing.

7. He wanted Dan to pressure his son into asking Diane to the senior prom.

8.He would speak to his son and insist that the latter give Diane

a call.

9.She felt humiliated.

10.Because the Thompsons had just moved.

11.He tried to let her know how exceptionally talented a young woman Heidi was.

12.Because she couldn’t bear being embarrassed by her father. P69 Working on Your Own

1. No. Settings

2 The Thompson family dining room

3 An office at a high school

2. Scenes Main Ideas

Scenes One Father embarrassed Sean by talking too

proudly to the restaurant manager.

Scenes Two Father embarrassed Diane by persuading a

colleague into pressing his son to ask her to

the senior prom.

Scenes Three Father embarrassed Heidi by boasting to an

official at her new school about how

talented she was.

P69 Language Sense Enhancement

1.(1)once in a while (2)trade for (3)the problem

(4)he thinks (5)humiliated (6)class president (7)have (8)Actually (9)think (10)interference

P72 V ocabulary


1.1)typical 2)dumb 3)junior 4)glorious 5)welfare

6)came over 7)interference 8)fading 9)narrowed down 10)frank 11)schemes 12)at any rate

2. 1)consists of five generals and four police officers.

2)will be in a location overlooking the lake.

3)was humiliated by her comments about my family

background in front of so many people.

4)have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?

5)was exhausted after the long cycle ride.

3.1)hysterical was handed down by should have known

better than

2)twisted over and over talented son

3)patience not to keep him in suspense assured repeatedly P74 II.Collocation









P75 III. Usage


1.be admitted


3.be postponed


5.be banned


P75 Comprehensive Exercises

I Cloze

1. (1)typical (2)welfare (3)constant (4)frank (5)talent

(6)dumb (7)know better than that (8)repeatedly

(9)dread (10)interference (11)bet (12)assure

2. (1)despite (2)really (3)same (4)contact

(5)admitted (6)attempt (7)not (8)tend (9)different


II Translation


1)Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?

2)The planning committee has narrowed down the possible

locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal town. 3)Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.

4)A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.

5)Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.

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