Complete the following statements according to what you have heard.
1. much more advanced
2.apply some academic pressure gave in to his pleas/gave up
3. a duck takes to water
4. memorizing (stuff) thinking
5. ample space to grow
P10: Content Questions
One of you asks the first six questions and the other answers. Starting from question7, change roles. When you have finished, the teacher may want to put some of the questions to you to check your progress.
1.They were studying arts education in Chinese
kindergartens and elementary schools in Nanjing.
2.Their 18-month-old son Benjamin was fond of trying to
place the key into the slot of the key box during their stay at the Jinling Hotel.
3.They would come over to watch Benjamin and then try to
teach him how to do it properly.
4.Because he realized that this anecdote was directly relevant
to their assigned tasks in China: to investigate early childhood education and to throw light on Chinese attitudes toward creativity.
5.Most of them displayed the same attitude as the staff at the
6.He emphasized that the most important thing is to teach
the child that one can solve a problem effectively be oneself.
7.He means that this incident pointed to important
differences in educational and artistic practices between China and USA.
8.The manner in which the Chinese staff saw the need to
teach the child by guiding his hand is characteristic of a broader attitude to education, one that stands in contrast to the Western preference for leaving the child to explore and learn unaided.
9.One example is of children at the age of 5 or 6 painting
flowers, fish and animals skillfully and confidently; in a second example, calligraphers 9 and 10 years old are producing excellent works; and in a third, young artists work on perfecting their craft for several hours a day. 10.Americans think that unless creativity has been acquired
early, it may never emerge, and skills can be picked up later. Chinese think that if skills are not acquired early, they may never be acquired, and there is no hurry to promote creativity.
11.This is mainly due to the difference in their way of
12.The author makes the suggestion that we should strike a
better balance between the poles of creativity and basic skills.
P11: TEXT ORQANIZATION
Working on Your Own
Do the exercises and then compare your answers with a partner.
1) The text begins with an anecdote.
2) His thoughts are mainly about different approaches to
learning in China and the West.
3) He winds up the text with a suggestion in the form of a
1) Chinese Americans
Show a child how to do something, teach children that they
or teach by holding the hand should rely on themselves for
solutions to problems
2) give greater priority to developing put more emphasis on skills at an early age, believing that fostering creativity in creativity can be promoted over time young children,
thinking skills can be
picked up later
P12 Language Sense Enhancement
1. (1)summarizing (2)value originality and independence
(3) contrast between (4) in terms of (5) harbor
(6)fearful (7)comparable (8)promote creativity
(9)emerge (10)picked up
P14: V ocabulary
1. 1)insert 2)on occasion 3)investigate 4)In retrospect
5)initial 6)phenomena 7)attached 8)make up for
9)is awaiting 10)not in the least 11）promote
2. 1)a striking contrast between the standards of living in the
north of the country and the south.
2)is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
3)as a financial center has evolved slowly.
4)is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.
5) by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.
3. 1)be picked up can’t accomplish am exaggerating
2)somewhat the performance have neglected
they apply to
3)assist On the other hand are valid a superior
P16 II . Confusable Words
1. continual continuous
1)continual 2)continuous 3)continual 4)continuous
1)principal 2)principal 3)principle 4)principles
P18 III. Usage
3.herself/by herself/on her own
6.yourself/by yourself /on your own
P 18: Comprehensive Exercise
I . Cloze
1. (1)contrast (2)exaggerating (3)priority
(4)on the other hand (5)promoting (6)pick up
(7)assist (8) accomplish (9)on occasion (10)neglecting
2. (1)end (2)perform (3)facing (4)competent
(5)equipped (6)designed (7)approach (8)rest
P19 II. Tranlation
1)It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.
2)Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience.
3)Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.
4)Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/purchase it?
5)If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.
To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also
helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for on so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.
P25: Lanquaqe Pracrice
1. Match the definitions (定义)in Column(栏)B with the words
or phrases or phrases in Column A.
g1) h2) e3) c4) f5) a6) b7) d8)
2.Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box.
Change the form where necessary.
1)adopt 2)account 3)from your point of view 4)ended up
5)furthermore 6)fund 7)annual 8)keeping track of 9)pace 10)intends 11)perspective 12)devise
P29a Part III Supplementary Exercises
2. Translate the following into English:
(parental duties ) (an ultimate purpose )
( make up for a misdeed ) (well-intentioned)
3.Translate the following sentences into English:
1)(But one of the most telling lessons Ellen and I got in the difference between Chinese and American ideas of education came not in the classroom but in the lobby of the Jinling Hotel where we stayed in Nanjing.)
2)(With a few exceptions my Chinese colleagues displayed the same attitude as the staff at the Jinling Hotel.)
3)(But the critical point was that, in the process, we were trying to teach Benjamin that one can solve a problem effectively by oneself.)
4)(In retrospect, it became clear to me that this incident was indeed key—and key in more than one sense.)
5)(The contrast between our two cultures can also be seen in terms of the fears we both harbor.)
P31 After Listening
1.the accuracy of his calculation
2.six and a quarter cents
P37 Comprehension Content Questions
1.The Salvation Army is a religious charitable organization. A Salvation Army bell ringer is a volunteer who helps it collect donations.
2.The boy asked him: Are you poor? He did it simply out of confusion and curiosity. Obviously he knew nothing about the Salvation Army bell ringer.
3.He said, “I have more than some people, but not as much as others.” This means that he was neither poor nor rich.
4.The boy’s mother scolded him because the question was socially inappropriate, especially to a person who looked poor.
5.Yes, economically he is poor. He lives in a small basement apartment. He doesn’t even have a color TV. He falls into the lowest income category. And so on.
6.No, the writer does not feel poor. This is because he has enjoyed good health and creativity which he thinks are much more important than material goods.
7.He feels out of place among people who are primarily
interested in material things.
8.She told him that she was interested in what’s on the inside. But after he took her to his poorly furnished apartment, she changed her mind completely.
9.It only shows that to her the most important thing was still material goods rather than what she had claimed before.
https://www.sodocs.net/doc/8f18993026.html,mercials can put people under pressure to purchase more than is really necessary.
11.Because December is the time for him to work for the Salvation Army as a bell ringer, which gives him a genuine sense of belonging and brings him happiness in helping others.
12.The boy’s question has helped the writer realize that, despite his lack of expensive possessions, he is rich in many other ways and should be thankful for that.
P38 Working on Your Own
2)the essay is meant to explain something that is, the author’s view of life.
3) that one can live a life full of riches without being rich financially.
2. Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas
Part One Paras. 1-2 The writer’s encounter with a
boy who raised the question
“Are you poor?”
Part Two Paras.3-12 In search of an answer the
writer finds that not having
expensive possessions doesn’t
make him feel poor mainly
because he enjoys life in many
Part Three Para.13 In conclusion, the writer thinks
he’s grown to understand
more about himself because of
the boy’s question.
P39 Language Sense Enhancement
1. (1)attain (2)wear and tear (3)dependable
(4)modest (5)primarily （6）minimal
（7）exceptionally （8）illness-free （9）spirited
P41 V ocabulary
1. 1)abrupt 2)emotional 3)bless 4)wear and tear
5)dated 6)consequences 7)seemingly 8)in contrast to
9)Curiosity 10)genuine 11)primarily 12)sentiments
2. 1) confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.
2) vital to the existence of all forms of life.
3)some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject.
4)nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy.
5)ticked him to think that she’d come to ask his advice.
3. 1）a lingering fabricating sentiments
2）fill out every item vital consequences
3) be denied tangible cherish attain
I I Words with Multiple Meanings
1.It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.
2.She arrived early and took a front row seat.
3.Don’t take me for a fool.
4.It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.
5.My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this
6.He took the dinner plate I passed to him.
7.Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.
8.If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.
P45 III Usage
5. not having written
8.being helped P46 Comprehensive Exercises
1. (1)well-off/affluent (2)dated (3)falling into (4)bracket
(5)deny (6)tangible (7)pursuit (8)cherishes (9)place
(10)abrupt (11)focus (12)donations
2. (1)consume (2)fueled (3)annual (4)plain
(5)physically (6)security (7)indicates (8)equally
1)The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.
2)Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.
3)Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the private school.
4)Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.
5)In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal
With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.
1.Match the definitions in Column B with the word or phrases
in Column A.
f1) c2) g3) e4) b5) a6) h7) d8)
2.Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box.
Change the form where necessary.
1)stunned 2)hold(fast)to 3)folks 4)generosity 5)discount 6)liable 7)ranks 8)on the run 9)make up 10)blends in 11)by all accounts 12)comes into contact with
P57a Part III Supplementary Exercises
2.Translate the following into English:
( the lowest income bracket) (the gift of creativity )
( the pursuit of material possessions) ( a turning point) (go through a rough time )
3.Translate the following sentences into English:
1)(Yet I feel nothing more than a passing whim to attain the material things so many other people have. )
2)( I’ve enjoyed exceptionally good health for 53years. It’s not just that I’ve been illness-free, it’s that I feel vigorous and spirited.)
3)(When I write a beautiful line of poetry, or fabricate a joke that tickles someone, I feel rich inside. I’m continually
surprised at the insights that come through my writing process. )
4)(What was most important to her, she told me, was “what’s on the inside.” I thought I had found someone special to share my life with. )
5)( The pressure to purchase is real. It may be true that everybody wants a high-end TV. After all, nobody wants to be a nobody.)
P59 After Listening
1.Boomers parents grandparents
3.harsh/difficult/hard entertainment having fun
P68 Comprehension Content Questions
1.There are seven characters—Father, Mother, Heidi, Diane, Sean, Restaurant Manager, and Mrs. Higgins.
2.No. Because what he dose usually ends up embarrassing them.
3.To buy a guitar.
4. To check if Sean was doing OK there.
5.He knew his father was going to embarrass him.
6.It was unnecessary and embarrassing.
7. He wanted Dan to pressure his son into asking Diane to the senior prom.
8.He would speak to his son and insist that the latter give Diane
9.She felt humiliated.
10.Because the Thompsons had just moved.
11.He tried to let her know how exceptionally talented a young woman Heidi was.
12.Because she couldn’t bear being embarrassed by her father. P69 Working on Your Own
1. No. Settings
2 The Thompson family dining room
3 An office at a high school
2. Scenes Main Ideas
Scenes One Father embarrassed Sean by talking too
proudly to the restaurant manager.
Scenes Two Father embarrassed Diane by persuading a
colleague into pressing his son to ask her to
the senior prom.
Scenes Three Father embarrassed Heidi by boasting to an
official at her new school about how
talented she was.
P69 Language Sense Enhancement
1.(1)once in a while (2)trade for (3)the problem
(4)he thinks (5)humiliated (6)class president (7)have (8)Actually (9)think (10)interference
P72 V ocabulary
1.1)typical 2)dumb 3)junior 4)glorious 5)welfare
6)came over 7)interference 8)fading 9)narrowed down 10)frank 11)schemes 12)at any rate
2. 1)consists of five generals and four police officers.
2)will be in a location overlooking the lake.
3)was humiliated by her comments about my family
background in front of so many people.
4)have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?
5)was exhausted after the long cycle ride.
3.1)hysterical was handed down by should have known
2)twisted over and over talented son
3)patience not to keep him in suspense assured repeatedly P74 II.Collocation
P75 III. Usage
P75 Comprehensive Exercises
1. (1)typical (2)welfare (3)constant (4)frank (5)talent
(6)dumb (7)know better than that (8)repeatedly
(9)dread (10)interference (11)bet (12)assure
2. (1)despite (2)really (3)same (4)contact
(5)admitted (6)attempt (7)not (8)tend (9)different
1)Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?
2)The planning committee has narrowed down the possible
locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal town. 3)Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.
4)A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.
5)Sean felt humiliated to hear his talent being questioned.