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上外出版社《口译教程》汉英翻译参考译文

上外出版社《口译教程》汉英翻译参考译文
上外出版社《口译教程》汉英翻译参考译文

Lesson 1

1.3 美国副总统复旦演讲

韩市长,非常感谢您!谢谢您做介绍时的友好言辞。今天我们很高兴来到这里。我和我夫人为有这次机会再次来到中国访问感到荣幸。感谢贵国对我们的欢迎,特别感谢复旦大学的热情接待。我们为此感到不胜荣幸,谢谢你们!我们此行带来了布什总统和美国人民的良好祝愿。

我知道在座的许多人很快就要从这所优秀的大学毕业。我听说贵校有极为严格的标准,得到复旦大学的学位代表着多年的刻苦攻读和自我约束。我祝贺在座各位学业有成。对各位老师坚持复旦大学99年追求卓越的传统我深表钦佩。

1.4 Speech by Wang Guangya at Princeton University

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Good evening.

I am honored to be invited to your seminar tonight. For me, for my colleagues and for many other Chinese, Princeton has long been a familiar name. With a history longer than the country, it has produced many outstanding people, Woodrow Wilson, the 28th US president, Albert Einstein, the great scientist, and T. S. Eliot, the famous poet, to name but a few. As former president Bill Clinton said in 1996 at the celebrations for the 250th anniversary of Princeton, “At every pivotal moment in American history, Princeton, its leadership, faculty and its students have played a crucial role.”

I am more pleased to learn that all of you have a keen interest in China. Though our two countries are geographically far apart, we have a great deal in common in the everyday life. While many Chinese enjoy Hollywood movies and McDonald’s fast food, many Americans find that their clothes and daily necessities are made in China. I hope that to day’s seminar will help you gain a better understanding of China and its foreign policy, thus deepening further our friendship and cooperation.

1.5 新工厂落成典礼上的讲话

各位尊敬的来宾,女士们,先生们:下午好!

欢迎大家前来参加我们公司在中国的首家新厂房的落成典礼!感谢各位拨冗光临,与我们共同庆祝这一盛大的活动!

我谨代表公司对今天来参加典礼的各位供应商、客户嘉宾、各位员工和业务伙伴说声“谢谢!”

公司管理层深深为我们的新工厂感到骄傲,我们能干的员工感到骄傲,他们发展了工厂的业务,使之达到国际水平。

新厂房标志着公司对中国业务的重视和承诺。

各位供应商,我们希望与你们携手共进,使我们的业务更上一层楼。

各位经销商,我们将继续向你们提供尖端的高质量产品,以协助你们做好客户支持,改善中国和东南亚许许多多人士的生活。

各位邻居和朋友,我们将成为良好的企业公民,与各位同行一起维护在中国开展业务的规范性。

最后,我们承诺给员工们提供一个安全、舒适的工作环境。

再次感谢各位与我们共同庆祝今天的典礼!

Lesson 2

2.3 大提琴家马友友

今天将与我们见面的是我们这个时代最杰出的大提琴家马友友先生。作为大提琴演奏家,马友友的职业生涯已经跨越20多年,期间他发行了50多张专辑。他的音乐获得过许多奖项,其中包括令人叹服的14项格莱美大奖。他也曾在许多重要的场合演奏,如格莱美的颁奖仪式和奥运会的开闭幕式。

马友友是出生在法国的华裔,父母都是音乐家,母亲是歌唱家,父亲是作曲家。第一次正式登台演出的时候,马友友年仅5岁。4年后年仅9岁的马友友就在纽约极具声望的卡耐基音乐大厅登台演出,此时他已随家人移居到美国。此后马友友进入茱莉亚音乐学院学习提琴演奏,从那儿他又转入哈佛大学,并获得人类学学位。他在哈佛的求学经历以及多元的文化背景都造就了今天的马友友。

而今,马友友仍在继续他的音乐之旅,积极地与来自世界各地的各种流派的音乐家合作。他的音乐灵感受到人和大自然的激发。在马友友看来,大提琴是他的声带的延伸。他演奏时最重要的一点是自始至终全情投入,努力将音乐的内容传递给现场的观众。

2.4 CNN interview with Jet Li

?祝贺《英雄》取得了成功。请问您在《英雄》中扮演的角色是否与你通常演的角色很相似呢?

?It’s a very special part and a very special movie. I think it’s one of the most important action films in my life.

?为什么你会这样说呢?你演过近30部电影,而《英雄》与其他影片有何不同呢?

?Usually action films have a formula: A child whose parents have been murdered by bad guys tries hard to learn martial

arts and he grows up into an outstanding Kongfu master. He takes revenge and kills the bad buys. But “Hero” has a much broader them.

?就比如象《卧虎藏龙》?

?No, it’s totally different. I think Ang Lee is a very very talented director. He uses martial arts to talk about love, you

know. But Zhang Yimou tries to tell about Chinese culture, Chinese thinking and their inspirations about the world.

?含义的确很深。我们知道你的处女作是1979年拍摄的《少林寺》,那时你还是个十几岁的少年。影片在亚洲引

起了轰动,并且还加拍了两部续集。我想问的是,你使如何从一位武术冠军成为一名好莱坞的动作明星的?

?I think the most important thing is that when I was young, I learnt martial arts. That is my special key. I can use my

unique martial arts skills in the film. I have been thinking about doing something different, like using martial arts to talk about peace and to achieve peace.

?这听起来似乎是矛盾的,对吗?你是一位打斗者,却要谈“和平”?

That’s right, because Chinese culture is not just martial arts. That’s only the physical part. It’s not true that the Chinese people are all Kongfu masters and can just beat up people; and that they have no brains, no thoughts. As a matter of fact, we have a deep, strong and sophisticated philosophy. I feel I have the responsibility to share this information with the worldwide audience.

Lesson 3

3.3 Steve Forbes on Forbes

我祖父二十世纪初来到美国,他离开苏格兰时身上没有什么钱。连他在内有兄弟姐妹10人,不过他自小受到很好的教育。像许多人一样,他也是满怀憧憬和理想来到美国的。** 他创办了《福布斯》杂志,报道那些实干家,那些给商业社会带来变革的人。

我祖父常说,做生意不是为了堆积百万财富,而是为了带来幸福快乐。如今我们讲到公司和经营,文章中会用到许多数字,但是焦点一直放在人上面。**对公司而言,最重要的是人,而不是资产负债表。以前我祖父是这样看的,我们现在也这样看。

** 当前世界信息泛滥,足以将人淹么其中,人们迫切需要一本刊物来解读这些信息,告诉读者哪些重要哪些可以不必理会。这就是《福布斯》的价值所在。我们提供额外的视角和判断。我们从不停留于表面,总想看看公司到底如何经营的,正是当今芜杂繁多的信息使得《福布斯》日益重要。

3.4 Introduction to an arts and crafts company

Distinguished guests, dear friends:

I feel honored to have this opportunity to introduce our company to you through the platform provided by this conference.

Founded 15 years ago, we are a company specializing in the design, manufacture and sales of handicrafts. Fifteen years ago our staff numbered 50; now the figure is 1,700. Fifteen years ago we rented a facility covering a floor space of 4,500 square meters; now our own facility covers a floor space of 24,000 square meters. These figures speak loudly and clearly of our success.

Our leading products are various architectural models, including exotic European cathedrals, the Empire State Building, the White House, and the Pentagon in the U.S., along with cartoon animal toys and Christmas gifts with a variety of designs. Our designs have become trend setters in the industry.

Today, our products are sold worldwide in more than twenty countries including Japan, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, America, the UK, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Germany. They are well received by both local importers and customers. For fifteen years, our output value has maintained an annual growth rate of 30%.

3.5 财富500强

45年来,〈财富〉杂志一直给美国的大公司排名,这就是一年一度的“财富500强”,有时也将前面的100名成为“财富100强”。上榜的公司基本上都是头年收入名列前茅的美国本土公司。财富杂志根据上市公司的公开数据来计算收入,未上市的公司没有列入,因为它们的股票没有公开发行。国外公司在美国的分公司也不参与排名。

“财富500强”公司是美国规模最大、利润最多、实力最强的公司。论收入,即使500强排名最后的公司也是才大气粗,如去年排名最末的公司收入也超过30亿美圆。

除了介绍美国公司的“财富500强”之外,〈财富〉杂志还推出了“全球500强”,给各国的上市公司排名。当然,由于美国经济在全球经济中的主导地位,许多“财富500强”的美国公司也高居“全球500强”排行榜。

〈财富〉杂志也推出其他排名,如“100家受雇条件最佳公司”、“100家增长最快的公司”等。比较各种排名看看哪些公司重复上榜,是很有意思的事情。比如,在“100家受雇条件最佳公司”榜上排名第一的公司可能根本不在“财富500强”之列,而排在“财富500强”和“全球500强”前列的公司,却上不了“最受人尊敬的公司”排行榜。也许甲壳虫乐队说得对——爱是不能用金钱买来的。

Lesson 4

4.3 西敏斯特大学介绍

非常感谢你们的盛情款待,我们很高兴来到这里与你们相聚。很遗憾校长先生今天无法前来,我谨代表他介绍一下我们的学校。

西敏斯特大学成立于1838年,是英国第一所工科大学,所以我们学校有着悠久的历史。我们的主校区位于英国首都伦敦市的中心地带。目前我们的学生来自132个不同国家,人数超过22,700。西敏斯特大学是全英最受国际学生欢迎的15所大学之一。

我们有教师700多人,还有来自各国的客座讲师1,000余人。学校的这种国际环境为学生日后将要面临的职业生涯做好了良好的准备,我们的宗旨是提供国内国际环境下高品质的教育和科研。

我们是一所现代大学,在诸多研究领域占据领先地位,其中包括传播、文化与媒体研究、法律、亚洲研究、语言学、艺术设计(含音乐)、电子工程、政治与国际关系等,我们的主要学科均获得高度的专业认可。

我们真诚地希望与贵校建立交流合作项目。

4.4 Preserve core values of the Lunar New Year

To people of Chinese descent around the world, the Lunar New Year (also called Spring Festival) is undoubtedly the most important festival of the year. **Dating back 3,000 years, it celebrates the passing of a peaceful year and welcomes the new one. The reunion dinner, eaten on New Year’s Eve, is de rigueur, with members of the extended family gathering for the most

significant meal of the year. Even the absent members will endeavor to return home in time for it. It underscores the supreme importance of the family in Chinese culture, and aims at strengthening the sense of togetherness and cohesion.

The way people celebrate the New Year embodies two important core values. *The first value is the sense of family togetherness; members of multi-generation families are all there to have a big reunion dinner. Everyone will follow this custom. The female members are usually held responsible for preparing the dinner, and some rich families may take on extra hands. *The second value lies in the happy visits mutually made between friends and relatives, a good way to strengthen kinship and friendship. However, economic development has resulted in some changes in lifestyles. After a busy year, people are tired of preparing for the reunion dinner, and would rather hold it in posh restaurants, despite the exorbitant costs. The festival door-to-door visits have given way to New Year greetings via telephone or text messages. Some families go away for a trip or even go to such extreme as to seek temporary refuge in a hotel so as to avoid being visited.

* Some tradition-minded people regard the reunion dinner and visits to relatives and close friends during the New Year as where core values are embodied, without which the holiday would lose much of its significance. Some pessimists contend that, as the popularity of western culture grows, Chinese traditional festivals will gradually lose their original meaning and degenerate into commercial festivals like Christmas.

The Spring Festival is an important part of the Chinese cultural heritage, and it will continue to be celebrated. The modes of celebration may change, but the core value should be sustained: that of respect for kinship and friendship.

4.5 中英教育交流

Q:My question is about educational exchanges. You mentioned in your speech that there are large numbers of Chinese students studying in Britain. As we know, it is extremely difficult to get a scholarship at a British university. But the tuition fees for international students far exceed these for home students. So we can not help wondering about the motivation of British universities in enrolling Chinese students. Is it to promote educational exchanges with China and to liven up campus life in Britain, or just for a commercial purpose? Thank you.

A: 这实际上是出于多种考虑。我不否认有商业考虑,办大学也要花钱,不过教育交流是主要目的。奖学金难申请是因为钱要由政府出,有时候纳税人有意见,说政府应该把奖学金给本国学生而不是外国学生,所以很困难。

但是我们现在已经在扩大奖学金范围。事实上,过去几年,中国学生来英国留学人数大大增加了,这说明奖学金难归难,你们还是有办法来留学的。

我想教育交流在未来会非常重要,我也希望,每一次外国学生来英国学习,回去时就像是一个英国的大使,到他的国家为我们宣传,不管是在中国、俄罗斯还是哪个国家。所以我们在扩大教育规模,吸收更多海外留学生。所以你们继续申请奖学金,我们会尽力帮助的。

Q:Mr. Blair, welcome to Tsinghua University. I was deeply impressed by your support for Sino-British educational exchanges, but I was also sorry to learn that some universities in northeastern Britain have decided to cancel the major of Chinese Culture and Language, among them the University of Durham. Will this affect cultural and educational cooperation between our two countries? If so, what is your solution?

A: 讲到学校的课程,既然我听说了这件事,我打算回去看看究竟,不过大学做出这样的决定原因很多,也许是经济原因,或者是他们面临某种困难,这也是时有的事情。要把想做的事情办成,钱总是不够的。不过我也可以向你保证,我们会一如既往地欢迎中国学生来英国学习,就算杜伦大学没有合适的专业,其他大学也肯定有。

Lesson 5

5.3 温家宝总理在世界旅游组织第15届全体大会上的致词

Mr. Francesco Frangialli, Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization,

Ms. Louise Frechette, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations,

All Delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen,

At this October time when Beijing is offering us its charming autumn scenery in the freshest air and clearest weather, the 15th General Assembly Session of the World Tourism Organization is officially opened here. On behalf of the Chinese government, I would like to extend our sincere welcome to all the guests here and to express our warm congratulations on the convening of this session.

Tourism is a nice and pleasant activity that combines sightseeing, recreation and health care. Tourism has been developing with the times. Since the mid of the 20th century, modern tourism has been booming at a fast pace across the world. The number of tourists has been increasing, the scale of tourism industry has kept expanding, and the position of tourism in the economy has been rising. Increasingly, tourism serves as a channel for cultural exchanges, friendship development and varied communication. It exerts more and more extensive influence on human life and social progress.

As a country with an ancient civilization and a long history, China is also a big oriental country full of modern vitality, blessed with a rich supply of unique and varied tourism attractions and resources. Besides the picturesque natural scenery,

profound history and extensive culture, China embodies the different folk customs of 56 nationalities/ethnic groups. Currently, 29 properties have been inscribed onto World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. With the reform and opening-up programs, China’s modern construction is surging ahead, and urban and rural areas are all experiencing daily changes. The ancient glory and modern boom combine most impressively to create favorable conditions for domestic and international tourism in China.

The fist 20 years of the 21st century is a strategic period for China to accomplish the all-round construction of a well-off society and to speed up its socialist modernization. It also provides a favorable time for its further development of tourism industry. We shall promote tourism as an important i ndustry in China’s national economy, properly protect and utilize our tourism resources and try to achieve sustainable development. The Chinese government welcomes all international friends to visit China. We shall do our best to protect their health and safety. Meanwhile, we will encourage more Chinese people to go abroad for visits. We are ready to develop extensive cooperation with other countries and contribute to global tourism growth.

For many years, the World Tourism Organization has made active and effective efforts to gain tourism prosperity and development around the world. It has become a specialized agency of the UN. Here we would like to offer our sincere congratulations. We believe this WTO General Assembly session will give a major push to tourism in the world for greater prosperity and new development.

Finally, I wish the 15th General Assembly Session of the World’s Tourism Organization every success.

Thank you!

5.4 世界旅游组织简介

世界旅游组织是唯一接纳旅游经营者的政府间组织,它受联合国委托,在各国旅游业的宣传和发展工作中发挥核心作用。世界旅游组织成立于1975年,总部设在西班牙首都马德里。

世界旅游组织的宗旨是促进经济发展、国际了解、和平繁荣和对人权与人的基本自由的普遍尊重,并强调在贯彻这一宗旨时,要特别注意发展中国家在旅游事业方面的利益。

世界旅游组织的成员分为正式成员、联系成员和附属成员三类。正式成员是指所有的主权国家成员。联系成员指的是哪些不必负责外交事务的地区。这些成员需要经过为他们承担外交责任的政府的批准方可成为成员。

附属成员的范围十分广泛,包括直接从事旅游业或与旅游业有关的组织和企业,如:航空公司以及其他运输公司、饭店、餐馆、旅游批发商和零售商、金融机构、保险公司、出版集团等。

到2003年,世界旅游组织有141个正式成员国、7个联系成员和350个附属成员,他们代表着私营部门、教育机构、旅游协会以及地方旅游管理机构。

5.5 现代化与文化遗产的保护

主:Welcome to our studio. My first question is: how many years have you been in China?

宾:三年多了。我是2002年5月底来的。

主:3 years. I bet you have witnessed a lot of changes in China. Could you tell us your deepest impression of urban development in China?

宾:我恐怕只能就我所在的城市谈谈经验,不过从周边城市的所见所闻,我也会有同样的看法。所有的外国人都非常清楚地看到,中国和中国的许多城市都在快速地发展。我想在东部沿海城市更是如此。到处矗立着崭新的高楼大厦,马路变得更加宽敞。

主:What do you think of all these tall buildings and the widened roads? Do you think that these are signs of modernization? Are all these changes good?

宾:这个问题提得好,但是我觉得这是个相当复杂的问题。

主:Why is it complicated?

宾:这个问题得从两个不同角度来谈。一方面是我作为一个外国人所期待的…… 我想看的,我感兴趣的和中国人想看的或者想让我看的肯定是不一样的。另一方面就是现代化与旧城文化保护相互冲突的问题。

主:Then let’s see what are the differences between a foreigner’s expectations and what the Chinese would like to see.

宾:这个问题看来最好这么来谈,一般情况下,中国朋友带我们参观城市的时候,都是带我们去看现代建筑,比如机场、大桥、会展中心等等城市里最新的东西。但是外国人对老城区、小街小巷、古旧建筑更感兴趣,也就是那些使这个城市有别于我们所看过的其他城市的东西。一个外国人到过的其他地方可能比一般中国人多,所见过的机场和桥梁对他们来说没什么太大的不同,但是西安的庙宇他们就觉得有别于法国的教堂,更重要的是,中国城市的老房子更有别于英国城市里的老房子。

主:That is to say, foreigners are interested in the things unique in China, but there is a contradiction between modernization and preservation, as you mentioned just now from another perspective. The space of a city is limited; the old part of the city should be reconstructed, and in fact the new buildings are symbols of the prosperity of a city. Isn’t this a good thing?

宾:当然,繁荣与发展对你们来说是很重要的,对我们也是很重要(你们认为发展很重要,我也这么看)。问题是当一个国家发展的时候,人民的生活水平也随之提高,甚至可能提高很快。他们需要让别人看到这种变化的事实。你们似乎忽略了,对以前的事物需要加以保护,不止是保护那些庙宇或者宫殿,而且应该保护人们居住的房屋,保护老城区的原貌。

文化遗产一旦遭到破坏,你们是无法挽回这种损失的。

主:You are quite right. People nowadays are starting to realize the importance of the preservation of heritage. Some local governments are making great effort to deal with the contradiction between development and preservation. Well, because of the limitation of the time, I’m afraid we have to stop now. Thank you ever so much for your coming to discuss this topic with us. We hope y ou’ll come again.

Lesson 6

6.4. 国际烟草控制公约

女士们,先生们:

首先,我要告诉大家一个好消息。一个以降低死亡与疾病主要原因为目的的公约刚刚生效。这个公约就是《烟草控制框架公约》,它是由世界卫生组织主持达成的第一个(具有法律效力的)国际公共卫生条约。

已经有160多个国家在公约上签字,签约国必须在各自国家批准该公约。迄今为止,已有近60个国家批准了该公约,** 然而只需40个国家批准即可生效。该公约在2005年2月27日生效。

各缔约国必须提高香烟和其他烟草制品的价格和税费,必须打击烟草制品的非法交易,必须采取措施减少公共场所被动吸烟等。

公约还禁止烟草广告以及烟草商进行其他营销活动,但是这样的限制不能违背相关国家的宪法规定。

公约号召烟草公司公布用以制造香烟的所有材料,此外,健康警告所包含的信息不能使公众误以为某些香烟的危害程度比其他香烟低。专家告诉我们,所有香烟都是不安全的。

缔约国还必须支持开展帮助人民戒烟的活动,应该开展告诫人们不要吸烟的教育活动。

世界卫生组织的研究表明,全球目前有烟民约10亿人,其中超过80%的烟民生活在发展中国家。经常吸烟的人有一半死于吸烟,每年世界上有近500万人因吸烟而死亡,专家指出,按照目前的增长速度,到2020年,这个数字将达到1,000万。

吸烟导致并增加患上各种疾病的危险,这些疾病包括癌症和心脏病。吸烟的孕妇可能伤害胎儿。最近研究提供了更多事实,证明孩子从小就吸入烟雾,长大后得肺癌的危险性增大。

《烟草控制框架公约》广受世界人民的欢迎,但是还需要制定补充性协议来增强其效力。比如,发展中国家贯彻公约需要资金的支持。对于那些没有贯彻执行的国家还没有处罚的条例,不过他们的表现记录将在联合国大会接受检查。

我的话完了,谢谢大家!

6.5 艾滋病的防治

A:王先生,早上好!非常感谢您抽时间接受我们的采访。请您介绍一下中国目前艾滋病传播情况。

B:Well, in China, HIV/AIDS has become a very serious problem related to social development. There’ve been cases of people being accidentally infected with HIV/AIDS, through accepting contaminated blood from hospitals, babies acquiring the disease from their mothers, having improper sexual relationships. From the time we discovered the first AIDS patient in 1985, our country has entered a period of rapid increase in AIDS infections. Experts estimate that more than 900,000 people had been infected with HIV by the end of last year. If we don’t take some efficient measures, this number will double by 2010.

A: 您认为增长这么快的主要原因在哪里?

B:First, because of poverty, people lack education and information about the prevention of HIV/AIDS. Second, ignorance. People do not pay much attention to this problem. Third, they lack proper resources, things like training, money and information. According to reports, we do not yet have an efficient medicine to cure HIV/AIDS.

A: 政府已经采取了哪些具体的措施来控制艾滋病在中国的蔓延呢?有什么国际合作吗?

B:We have already got very strong support from the international community, especially on the technical side. And on the domestic front, we’ve recognized that making our people understand and raising their aw areness is very important. So, common sense, health education and behavioral changes are the only way for people to avoid HIV infection.

A: 贵国政府在发布警报以及增强公众对艾滋病传播危险性的认识方面一直都在怎么做?特别是在农村地区?您认为要解决这个问题还应该进一步做些什么?

B: Firstly, I think the government should improve our monitoring system, and secondly, NGOs should try their best to mobilize all the resources we can use to help the people, especially people at the grass roots and the rural areas, to let them know the terrible results of the spreading of the disease and how to prevent HIV/AIDS. I think we should do more advocacy work among the people.

A: 非常感谢您回答我们这么多问题。预祝你们在与艾滋病的斗争中取得成功。

B:Thank you.

Lesson 10

10.3 中与欧盟的关系

女士们、先生们、朋友们:

今天,我很荣幸给大家介绍欧盟的一些情况以及欧盟与中国的关系。

欧盟全称为欧洲联盟,是在欧洲共同体基础上由25个(27)独立的国家组成的,目的是为了加强政治、经济和社会合作。原来称“欧共体”或“欧洲经济共同体”。

目前的25个成员国是奥地利、比利时、丹麦、芬兰、法国、希腊、爱尔兰、意大利、卢森堡、荷兰、葡萄牙、西班牙、瑞典、英国、塞浦路斯(希腊部分)、捷克共和国、爱沙尼亚、匈牙利、拉脱维亚、立陶宛、马耳他、欧兰、斯洛伐克、斯洛文尼亚。

欧盟25国总面积400万平方公里,接近半个中国的面积。总人口数为4.544亿,排行第三,仅次于中国和印度,约占世界总人口的7%。

欧盟统一货币为欧元,2002年1月1日正式启用。到目前为止,已经有12个欧盟成员国用欧元取代其本国货币。统一货币是旅行和价格比较变得容易些,它还为欧洲的商业往来、刺激增长与竞争创造了一个稳定的环境。

到目前为止,欧盟的国内生产总值逾10万亿美元。作为一个整体,这个规模与它的主要竞争对手美国差不多。经济总量和贸易总额分别占全球25%和35%。

欧盟与中国关系十分友好。今年5月欧盟与中国就建交30周年了。去年,欧盟与中国的进出口贸易总额达到2,000亿欧元。德国是中国最大的贸易伙伴,英国、荷兰名列第二和第三。

欧盟正抓住当前这一打好的历史机遇——团结曾经分裂的欧洲大陆,创造一个和平、稳定、民主的欧洲。这次欧盟的扩大还将创造一个几乎拥有5亿消费者的统一市场,这个市场饱含经济增长和不断繁荣的极大潜力。

我的话讲完了,谢谢大家!

10.4 中国与东盟的关系

A: Excuse me, could you tell me when ASEAN was established? And how many member countries does it have now?

B: 东盟于1967年8月8日成立,目前有10个成员国,它们是:文莱、柬埔寨、印度尼西亚、老挝、马来西亚、缅甸、菲律宾、泰国、新加坡和越南。

A: Besides these 10 member countries, ASEAN also always holds the 10+1, 10+3 meetings. Does it mean that ASEAN has some dialogue partners?

B: 是的。东盟有10个对话伙伴,它们是澳大利亚、加拿大、中国、欧盟、印度、日本、俄罗斯、新西兰、韩国和美国。

A:What is the area that ASEAN covers? How many languages are spoken in this region? What is the total population?

B: 东盟地区面积大约有450万平方公里,有14中官方语言和7种宗教。人口总数在2000年有5.12亿。

A: 4.5 million square kilometers is about half of China’s territory, such a big regional organization neighboring China. How is the relationship between ASEAN and China now?

B:东盟不仅在区域上面积广大,在经济、政治、科技上也是一个举足轻重的地区。所有的东盟成员国都是中国的友好近邻。自从上世纪90年代以来,中国与东盟的关系一直很好,政治联系日益密切。

A:Can you give some data?

B: 在中国与东盟的关系中,经贸。科技方面的合作是基本的组成部分。1994年的贸易总额从120亿增加到235亿美元,其中中欧广告的出口是109.2亿美元,进口123.6亿美元。双方的相互投资过去几年也不断增加。东盟在劳动力合作和项目开放方面已经成为中国的重要市场。中国和东盟已经同意用8年的时间创建世界人口最密集的自由贸易区。

A:The relationship is very good economically, but how about politically?

B:东盟是一个非常活跃的地区性组织,在发展相互了解与互信、捍卫地区国家间的和平与发展起到非常积极的作用。中国与东盟的友好合作证明,国家无论大小,他们可能有不同的历史背景、社会制度、发展水平、文化传统以及价值观念,但是只要他们遵守和平共处五项原则,他们一定会和谐共处,共同发展。

10.5 Diplomatic work for the people

It is true that we have been making every effort to serve the purpose of doing diplomatic work for the people. On the international stage, in order to do good and practical things for the people, we have to rely on our friends. In this regard, Chinese leaders have played an exemplary role. They have made many good friends for China in the world. Last year, President Hu Jingtao, Chairman Wu Bangguo of the National People’s Congress, Premier Wen Jiabao and Chairman Jia Qinglin of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference visited a total of 34 countries. During their short yet tightly scheduled visits, they conducted extensive activities. Last year alone, we received 29 visiting heads of state, 23 heads of government and 42 foreign ministers.

In addition, different departments and industries across the country have been engaged in other diplomatic activities so as to make friends for the motherland and do practical things for the people. The inter-parliamentary, party-to-party and military-to-military diplomatic activities between China and other countries are fairly active, and a large number of Chinese NGOs are also active players in the international arena, such as the Ch inese Youth League, the All China Women’s Federation and the All China Federation of Trade Unions. Many Chinese cities have also established twin-city relations with their foreign counterparts.

At present, China has 235 diplomatic missions abroad staffed with over 5600 people, of whom 3200 are from the Foreign Ministry. Ambassador Sun Bian, who was recently named as one of the top 10 figures inspiring China most in 2004, is one of the best representatives of the Foreign Ministry.

Recently, I came across a group of figures from a western newspaper. Let’s take a look at them together to see whether the “China threat theory” makes sense or is nothing but ridiculous nonsense. In 2004, the defense expenditure of the US was US$455.9 billion, accounting for 3.9% of its GDP, while that of China in the same year was only RMB 211.7 billion, making up 1.6% of China’s GDP. The US defense expenditure was 17.8 times that of China.

In 2004, the per capita defense expenditure in the US was US$1540 while that of China was about US$20, with the US figure being 77 times that of China. In 2003, the US defense expenditure accounted for 47% of the global total, exceeding the total of the other 25 countries in the world with the largest defense expenditures. The figure was also 3.5 times the total sum of the defense expenditure of the other four permanent members of the Security Council.

China follows the road of peaceful development. To maintain peace is both the starting point and the purpose of Chinese diplomacy. I believe that all those who respect the truth will see China a staunch force for peace in the world.

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化博士学位 (南锡第二大学, 论文《有形与无形——论弗罗芒丹小说“多米尼克” 的风格》和信息管理高等专科学位(DESS ,洛林综合理工学院,论文《欧洲电视广播节目表数据库的设计与鉴定》。 1993年至 1995年, 兼任法国全国科研中心科技情报所(INIST-CNRS 分析员。从 1982年起 , 先后执教于复旦大学、华东师范大学、上海外国语大学。研究方向 :法国文学、法语文体学、法语语料库、计量语言学 讲授课程 1本科生阶段:基础法语、视听说、法语口译、法语精读、法国文学等; 2研究生阶段:法国文学、法语文体学等。 学术成果 译作:《反回忆录》 (漓江出版社, 2000年、《科学精神的形成》 (江苏教育出版社, 2006年、《孤独漫步者的遐想》 (译林出版社, 2006年、《海底两万里》(译林出版社, 2008年、《思想录》 (译林出版社, 2010年等; 编著:《法国文学大手笔》 (2002 、《法语词汇渐进(中级》 (2003 、《法语常用词组》 (2005 、《法语写作:如何缩写—概述——综述》 (2005 、《法国文学渐进》 (2012等;目前担任全国专业法语精读教材(5— 8册主编; 论文:《法国语言文学研究的一项基础工程——‘法兰西语库’及其衍生产品》、《从“阿达拉” 看夏朵布里昂的写景艺术》、 Les couleurs de l''Ouest chez Fromentin 等论文近十篇; 从 1997年起, 数十次担任国际会议同声传译, 如法中经济研讨会 (上海、成都、中法公证研讨会(上海、南京、杭州、成都、亚太地区城市信息化国际会议(上海、中欧人权大会(哥本哈根、国际城市与港口大会(大连、上海市市长咨询会议(上海等,还多次为外国政要(法国外交部长、魁北克总理、比利时外长、法国前总统德斯坦、前总理雷蒙?巴尔、法比尤斯、摩纳哥王储等在华讲演做同声传译;是《上海 2010年世界博览会申办主报告》 (法文版的主要编写者和定稿人之一。

十 中国特色文化与汉英翻译

中国特色文化与汉英翻译 一.文化的概念及范畴 ? 1. Edward Tylor的定义: ?1871年在《原始文化》一书中提出的:“所谓文化和文明乃是包括知识、信仰、艺术、道德、法律、习俗以及包括作为社会成员的个人而获得的其他任何能力、习惯在内的一种综合体。”(“That complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” ) ? 2.文化的涵盖面极广,几乎包括了人类社会生活的方方面面,对文化的分类因此林林总总。 从地域分,有本土文化和外来文化、城市文化和农村文化、东方文化和西方文化、大陆文化和港澳台文化; 从时间上分,有原始文化、奴隶制文化、封建文化、资本主义文化、社会主义文化等; 从宗教信仰分,有佛教文化、道教文化、基督教文化、伊斯兰教文化等; ?从生产方式分,有游牧文化、农业文化、工业文化、信息文化; 从生产工具分,有旧时器文化、新石器文化、青铜文化; 从人类把握世界的方式人,有科学文化和人文文化; 从性质分,有世界文化、民族文化、精英文化、通俗文化; 从结构层次分,有物质文化、制度文化、精神文化。 ?(参见王秉钦《文化翻译学》 ?3、奈达的分类 Ecological Culture 生态文化 Material Culture 物质文化 Social Culture 社会文化 Religious Culture 宗教文化 Linguistic Culture 语言文化 ?(参考邵志洪《汉英对比翻译导论》

2019上海外国语大学翻译硕士MTI考研备考分析

一、上海外国语翻译硕士考试科目 拉伯语口译专业,在复试时均会测试英语能力。 二、上海外国语翻译硕士复试分数线 上外初试成绩按技术分排名。技术分=专业一+专业二+总分*10%(满分450分)。换言之,政治英语过国家线即可,专业成绩排名基本就是你初试的排名。

四、上海外国语翻译硕士考研参考书(仅供参考) 翻译硕士英语: 推荐参考书: 《新编英语教程》李观仪上海外语教育出版社 《中式英语之鉴》琼平卡姆外语教学与研究出版社 《GRE阅读39+3全攻略》魏宇燕北京大学出版社 《英国散文名篇欣赏》杨自伍上海外语教育出版社 参考书解析 题型包含完型、阅读和写作三部分(2017年题型改革、仅剩阅读问答和写作两个部分),主要考察学生的英语能力。学生备考时要注重英语基础,着重提高阅读和写作能力。无选项完型应该是所有人的难点,大家平时一定要多做练习,多看一些FinancialTimes、Economist的文章,记住文章里面的一些固定搭配、连词、动词等;阅读理解一定不要有严重丢分,要重点复习,多做练习,提升速度和准确度;作文没有诀窍,需要平时的积累,建议每周3篇左右,多积累好的词组、模板等,尽量使用一些高级词汇来提升作文的规格。 英语翻译基础: 推荐参考书: 《高级英汉翻译理论与实践》叶子南北京大学出版社 《高级口译教程》梅德明上海外语教育出版社 《口译:技巧与操练》诺兰杰姆斯上海外语教育出版 参考书解析 题型包括英汉短语翻译及解释,中英文章节选翻译,主要考查学生的语言运用能力及整体知识结构。备考时,既要顾及翻译理论技巧的学习,又要勤加练习,广泛涉猎。 做好翻译的基本条件就是积累大量的单词,这个是确定考研一开始就要做的事情,基础打好了,才能往更高的层次延伸,翻译不是一两天就可以练好的,需要长时间的积累、练习,英语翻译基础总分150分,属于重点复习的科目,在做题的过程中,可以参考二笔的文章,大家在练习时,要能够在一次次的练习中找到自己的短处,例如句子结构、语法、词汇的使用等等,都是需要注意的,翻译后对照给出的译文来进行比较,争取每一次都能够有所进步。 汉语百科: 推荐参考书:

汉英语段翻译_试题09版_(精)

汉英翻译课外练习(语段) (2009级适用) Passage 1 目前,全世界40%以上的人口,即20多亿人,面临缺水问题。据预测,未来25年全球人口将由60亿增长到80亿,环境保护面临更大的压力。中国作为一个发展中国家,面临着发展经济和保护环境的双重任务。从国情出发,中国在全面推进现代化的过程中,将环境保护视为一项基本国策。众所周知,对生态环境和生物多样性的保护是环保工作的重点。 Passage 2 改革开放30年来,随着中国逐渐崛起成为政治经济强国,海外人士学习汉语的现象与日俱增,海外孔子学院也成了人们学习中国语言和中国文化的首选之地。作为第二文化,中国文化丰富了他们的生活和世界观。越来越多的学习汉语的美国人除了对中国菜肴赞不绝口之外,也在尝试针灸,草药和武术。他们也看功夫电影,学习东方时装潮流和手工艺,不知不觉的在日常生活中谈及中国的点心,人参、银杏,乌龙茶等。目前在美国最热门的中国文化是道家学说和有着神秘色彩的风水学。 Passage 3 微软公司举世无双的利润率使其雄踞全世界所有公司股票值之首,接近5000亿美元。全世界五大首富它造就了三个。它除了对证券市场的影响之外,还造就了大约一万个百万富翁,主要集中在美国西雅图区域。 但是无论是硬件革命还是软件革命,其财富创造的影响都不可与目前因特网上所发生的情况同日而语。因特网加快了科技的发展,促进了商务的繁荣,掀起了个人财富急剧积累的第三次,也是最令人注目的一次浪潮。 Passage 4 国际贸易的基本原则是平等互利,各国追求各自的利益是正常的,出现一些摩擦和纠纷也是不可避免的。关键要以冷静而明智的态度正确对待和处理摩擦和纠纷。就中美贸易而言,互利共赢的经贸关系给两国人民带来了实实在在的经济利益。在美国市场上,许多中国商品受到美国消费者的青睐。中国在美国投资设立的企业已超过1000家。我们可以预见,中美贸易摩擦将随着经贸关系的深化而凸显,但是中美经贸合作的总体发展是不可逆转的。 Passage 5 春节期间的娱乐活动多种多样,丰富多彩。耍龙灯和舞狮子是春节期间的传统项目。还有一种至今仍受人欢迎的传统表演活动,叫踩高跷。现在,随着生活水平的不断提高,人们采用了新的方式庆祝新年。但不管庆祝方式怎么变,春节的精华不会变,那就是为了祈求新年吉祥如意。最重要的是,春节是一个合家欢聚的日子,出门在外的人总要想方设法在除夕夜到来之前赶回家,吃上一年中最重要的一段饭——“团圆饭”。 Passage 6 汉语常被认为是一种非常古老的语言。从某种意义上说,这种说法不免失之偏颇。人类所有的语言都可追溯到朦胧的史前时期,但目前我们还无法确定这些语言是否

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