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新编大学英语课后答案 第二册

新编大学英语课后答案 第二册
新编大学英语课后答案 第二册

Unit 5

Part two


Reading Comprehension

1.II)i)When we are in REM sleep.

ii)To give us rest and to allow us to dream.


ii)inner fears.

IV)i)drinking wine to indicate a short life,drinking water to indicate a long life

ii)right hand(father),left hand (mother),dolphin(a good omen)

iii)treat with care



1. 1)explanation 2)enthusiasts 3)frustrating 4)popularity 5)unconscious 6)electrical

7)movements 8)recognizable 9)interpretation 10)countless

2.Task A

1)asleep 2)sleepless 3)sleep 4)sleepy 5)asleep 6)slept 7)sleeping,sleep 8)sleeper

Task B

1)submerged 2)subculture 3)submarine 4)subway 5)subzero 6)Subtropical 7)subspecies 8)subnormal

3.1)progressed 2)puzzled 3)process 4)reflected 5)predict 6)advances 7)symbol

8)ancient 9)error 10)conscious 11)analysis 12)inner


1)You may see that what I said will come true.

2)This lecture was so boring that half of the students fell asleep. 3)The problem of unemployment is closely

tied up with the development of the new technology.

4)His appearance changed so greatly that

you might well not recognize him.

5)The history of the castle can date back to

the 14th century.

6)She never did anything for them,whereas

they did all that can be done.

Part Three

FURTHER Development

1.1)A.natural B.neutral C.natural


2)A.shattered B.crashing C.cracked D.

crash E.crack

3)A.ancient B.early C.previous

4)A.sign B.symbol C.signal


5)A.view B.vision C.visions



6)A.errors/mistakes B.fault C.error



7)A.confused B.confusing

8)A.conscious B.unconscious



Unit 6

Part one







1)Cows can help people plow the fields.

2)Cow manure can be used as fertilizer.

3)Cow manure can be dried and burned

to make a cooking fire.


1)Dogs can be as companions for


2)Dogs serve as protection against



1)Pork cooked insufficiently may

spread disease.

2)Nomadic people did not want to stay

in one place to raise pigs.


Fruit:apple、orange、pear、banana、mango、watermelon、lemon、grape、strawberry、cherry、peach、apricot、lychee、etc. Meat:pork、beef、lamb、mutton、bacon、chicken、duck、turkey、fish、shrimp、lobster、crab、clam、etc.





Part two


Reading Comprehension


2. 1)nutrition,religion,the ways of life of different people



4)there is plenty of land for raising cattle and the meat can be shipped for long distances by railway road

5)they can go anywhere they want to in the streets;they can eat anything from the supplies of the food sellers in the streets Vocabulary

1. 1)common 2)appropriate 3)forbidden 4)supplies 5)related 6)evidence

7)requires 8)raise 9)spread 10)sufficiently

2. 1)disgusting 2)habit 3)insects 4)reasonable 5)relatively 6)animals 7)harvested

8)grow 9)nearly 10)other 11)altogether 12)consumed 13)avoid 14)popular

15)offers 16)served 17)would 18)enjoyed 19)considered 20)reject 3.1)g f b c h 6)e i d a j


1)We all regard him as one of the best players in this match.

2)The scientist picked up those small pieces of stones and put them into a box carefully. 3)The population of China is almost five times as large as that of the United States.

4)The reason why grass is green was once a mystery to that little boy.

5)She is standing by the window,apparently quite calm and relaxed.

6)Profits have declined as a result of the recent drop in sales.

7)She put on her dark glasses as a protection against the strong light.

8)After that people no longer trust him. Part Three

FURTHER Development


1)Pear 2)Mushroom

2.d e b f g c a

Unit 7

Part one



Chinese American

to show anger to show impatience or anger




to express

one's respect

irrelevant practice

insulting to show sympathy,affection


Part two


Reading Comprehension

1.B.1)i)smooth over the visitors' leaving;they will be welcome to come again;


the words and phrases

ii)those less important or younger visitors

discourage the host and hostess from seeing her off

accept the inevitable

2)i)giving “nothing”even slightly edible

not showing enough honor by providing proper dishes

Oh,I'm so glad that you like it. I cooked it especially for you

ii)always so “naughty”,never studying,never listening to their elders


iii)the first time


C. cultural differences

2. 1)TTFFF 6)TTT


1. 1)A.免除,省去B.储存,储蓄2)A.任务B.代表团3)A.得体B.生产,制造



2. 1)reveal 2)sudden 3)achieve 4)exceed 5)workable 6)convince 7)dissuade

8)unavoidable 9)goodbye 10)warning 11)praise 12)respect 13)suggestion 14)change 15)disappointment

3.1)with 2)arranged 3)majority 4)proportion/percentage 5)similar 6)reaches 7)including 8)background 9)parents 10)if/whether 11)who 12)both 13)meeting

14)families 15)dating 16)before 17)decision 18)parents 19)marriage 20)rate


1)If you sing this song several times,children will then pick up the words.

2)We tried our best to assure the nervous old man that flying travel was safe.

3)An inadequate supply of vitamin A will cause night blindness.

4)I can use a computer,but when it comes to repairing it,I have no idea about it.

5)Many a mother tries to have her dreams realized by her daughter.

6)The nasty weather discouraged people from attending the parade.

7)I gave him some pills to ease his pain.

8)This job involves working abroad three months per year.

Unit 9

Part one


1.1)basement 2)first floor 3)third floor 4)ground floor 5)ground floor 6)ground floor

7)basement 8)second floor 9)third floor 10)second floor 11)ground floor 12)third floor


①d ②a ③b ④c

Part two


Reading Comprehension

1.market importance(para.1)

primary purchasers of certain items


products and brand choices of their parents (para.4-6)

brand loyalties(para.7)

e.g.clothes,CDs,stereo equipment,entertainment,travel


e.g.Thirty percent

2. 1)personal sources


3)(relatively low influence from)parents and peers

4)(more from)friends and (less from)


3.1)FTFTT 6)TFT Vocabulary

1. 1)b a a a b 6)b b a

2. 1)survey 2)consideration 3)perceive 4)tend 5)campaign 6)relatively 7)primary


3. 1)A.bands B.band 2)


B.economics 3)A.adolescents B.Adults 4)A.campaign

B.movement 5)


B.modern 6)A.ripe B.mature Translation

1)All the arrangements should be finished prior to your departure.

2)Such kind of behavior may result in the manager's being fired.

3)Our products can compete with those of other companies in terms of quality,liability and especially for variety.

4)The heavy rain affected the performance of the team greatly.

5)I can appreciate the reasons why you opposed the suggestion.

6)To some extent,she should be responsible for the accident.

7)I feel very uncomfortable at the very thought that life is just too comfortable.

8)Women tend to live longer than men.

Part Three FURTHER Development

2.e d f a c b

Unit 10

Part one


1.Man 1—Picture C

Man 2—Picture A

Man 3—Picture B

Part two




1.1)Peace of mind

2)A.poor health

i.newlywed couples


produce fewer

B.fighting disease

i.certain mind-body



therapies,other behavioral


ii.blood pressure,

heat rate,respiration

sense of




ii.a stressful




v.a slow walk


2. 1)TFTTF 6)TTT


1. 1)A.公文,文件B.证明











3.1)fit 2)technology 3)

efficient 4)chance 5)

aspect 6)anxious 7)


8)depend on


1)We can go to the seven

o'clock performance or the

eight—whichever suits you


2)Men are generally

considered as being tough,

but most women know that

the reverse is often true.

3)He was released from the

prison soon after serving two

years of his five-year


4)You look equally nice in

both clothes,and I don't

know which one to advise

you to buy.

5)This candidate has an

impressively diverse range of

interests and experience.

6)The child suddenly let go

of her hand and ran across

the street.

7)The result of the

competition will depend

largely on the opinions of the


8)I'm tried of you telling

me what to do all the time.


新编大学英语教案(第二册)_U n i t2 C o m m u n i c a t i o n P r o b l e m s -CAL-FENGHAI-(2020YEAR-YICAI)_JINGBIAN

Unit Two Communication problems Teaching Objectives 1. Let the students have some ideas of the common ways we usually use in our daily life to communicate. 2. Make the students find the efficient ways to communicate with each other. 3. Let the students come up with the ways to avoid misunderstandings. Teaching allotment six academic hours Focus points 1.key words and phrases assume, conflict, convey, emphasis, ignore, misinterpret, react, verge, feel like, for effect, on the verge of, pull out, take----lightly 2.difficult sentences 1) When Martians and Venusians first got together, they encountered many of the problems with relationships we have today. 2) So when communication problems emerged, they assumed it was just one of those expected misunderstandings and that with a little assistance they would surely understand each other. 3) To fully express their feelings, women would tend to exaggerate the facts a little bit for effect and use various superlatives, metaphors, and generalizations. 3.grammar focus prefix “mis---”的不同意义 Related Information It is well-known that learning a second language is never easy, and, generally speaking, the older one is when one attempts a new language, the more difficult it becomes. This is at least partly due to what is known as language interference, meaning that the linguistic patterns of our first language interfere with those of the second because no two languages have exactly the same sounds and grammatical structures. The English language has a very large vocabulary because it has incorporated words from many other languages over the centuries. This is nowhere more apparent than in its color words. For example, there are many words that express the color “purple”, describing its different shades and hues: mauve, violet, lilac, or lavender. An interesting 2


Unit 4 Fresh Start In-Class Reading Fresh Start 新的开端 1当我父母开车离去,留下我可怜巴巴地站在停车场上时,我开始寻思我在校园里该做什么。我决定我最想做的就是平安无事地回到宿舍。我感到似乎校园里的每个人都在看着我。我打定主意:竖起耳朵,闭上嘴巴,但愿别人不知道我是新生。 2第二天早上我找到了上第一堂课的教室,大步走了进去。然而,进了教室,我又碰到了一个难题。坐哪儿呢?犹豫再三,我挑了第一排边上的一个座位。3“欢迎你们来听生物101 课,”教授开始上课。天哪,我还以为这里是文学课呢!我的脖子后面直冒冷汗,摸出课程表核对了一下教室——我走对了教室,却走错了教学楼。 4怎么办?上课途中就站起来走出去?教授会不会生气?大家肯定会盯着我看。算了吧。我还是稳坐在座位上,尽量使自己看起来和生物专业的学生一样认真。 5下了课我觉得有点饿,便赶忙去自助食堂。我往托盘里放了些三明治就朝座位走去,就在这时,我无意中踩到了一大滩番茄酱。手中的托盘倾斜了,我失去了平衡。就在我屁股着地的刹那间,我看见自己整个人生在眼前一闪而过,然后终止在大学上课的第一天。 6摔倒后的几秒钟里,我想要是没有人看见我刚才的窘相该有多好啊。但是,食堂里所有的学生都站了起来,鼓掌欢呼,我知道他们不仅看见了刚才的情景,而且下决心要我永远都不会忘掉这一幕。 7接下来的三天里,我独自品尝羞辱,用以果腹的也只是些从宿舍外的售货机上买来的垃圾食品。到了第四天,我感到自己极需补充一些真正意义上的食物。也许三天时间已经足以让校园里的人把我忘在脑后了。于是我去了食堂。 8我好不容易排队取了食物,踮脚走到一张桌子前坐下。突然我听到一阵熟悉的“哗啦”跌倒声。抬头看见一个可怜的家伙遭遇了和我一样的命运。当人们开始像对待我那样鼓掌欢呼的时候,我对他满怀同情。他站起身,咧嘴大笑,双手紧握高举在头顶上,做出胜利的姿势。我料想他会像我一样溜出食堂,可他却转身重新盛一盘食物。就在那一刻,我意识到我把自己看得太重了。


Unit 1 Vocabulary 1 entertaining / entertainment / entertained /entertainer recognizable / recognized / recognition tempting / temptation / tempt reasoned /reasoning / reasonable / reason analyzed / analytical /analyst /nanlysis valuable / valuation / valued values /value humorist / humor /humorous /humorist understandable /understanding /understand /misunderstand Tanslation 1) Lively behavior is normal_for a four-year-old child. (活泼的举止是正常的) 2) Fast cars appeal to John, but he can’t afford one. (速度快的车对······有吸引力) 3) Dave required a lot of time to study the diverse argument. (多种多样的论据) 4) I asked my boss for clarification, and she explained the project to me again. (我要求我的上司为我解释清楚) 5) Photographic film is very sensitive to light. (对光很敏感) 6) Mutual encouragement can be a great help, especially in the early days. (互相鼓励) 7) Jimmy cried when people made fun of him. (拿他开玩笑) 8) John won’t give up. He persists in his opinion. (坚持他的观点) 9) Ted always wants to be the focus/center of attention. (成为注意的焦点) 10) Is it cheaper if we buy our tickets in advance? (我们提前买票) Unit 2 Translation 1.However the main drawback with this type of search engine (这种搜素引擎的主要缺陷) is its tendency to include too much information. 2. She is very generous with her time(她从不吝惜自己的时间)--- always ready to help other people. 3. You may have known someone else for 20 years and yet they will never be more than a casual acquaintance (他们永远只是泛泛之交). 4. He doubted that the car was hers (他怀疑这车不是她的)because everyone knew she had no money. 5. It’s impossible to forget such horrible events---they will remain in the memory forever (它们会永远留在记忆中). 6. In a world too often filled with uncertainties (在这样一个常常充满各种不确定性的世界上), it is nice to have a safety net, something you can rely on. 7. The earthquake happened a year ahead of the prediction by the research group (比该研究小组的预报提前了一年), but earthquakes are usually difficult to predict. 8. I don’t mind being awakened once or twice in the middle of the night by my roommate so long as she doesn’t make a habit of it (只要她不养成习惯). Unit 3 Vocabulary 1.


Unit 1 Sample 1 It is believed that pessimism often leads to hopelessness, sickness and failure, while optimism usually brings happiness, good health and success. Pessimists also make those around them very miserable. Therefore, pessimists should change their way of thinking and overcome the negative aspects of their personalities. Here are a few tips for them: 1. Try to smile more often. A smile has great power. It can chase sadness away. It will make you and other people feel happy. And it may even make things easier and better. Smiling in the morning makes a good beginning for the day. A smile is the most important sign of optimism. 2. Build up your self-confidence. Try to discover as many of your personal strengths as you can. Then write them all down. Read them several times when you are getting ready to do something or when you are facing difficulties. Your list will help you see your abilities. 3. Change your way of thinking. Don't always think that things will go wrong or that if they do there will be terrible results. Instead, convince yourself that things will improve and that you can work hard to help improve them. If you fail, think about what you have learned from the failure. If you succeed, praise yourself. Don't be too modest! There is nothing more encouraging than self-praise. Try your best to become an optimist. Sample 2 Are you an optimist or a pessimist? If you're a pessimist, here is some advice for you. As everyone knows, pessimism is harmful to people. It makes you unhappy and unhealthy, and even brings depression, loneliness and failure. Pessimists tend to suffer more failures and setbacks because they don't believe they can succeed and thus don't struggle for it. Optimism, by contrast, can make you happy, healthy and successful. So it is good for you to change yourself from a pessimist to an optimist. Here are some suggestions for you to become an optimist: 1. Remember that everyone experiences failures and disappointments. So when you fail, don't blame yourself too much. It may not be your fault. 2. When you fail in something, profit from the failure as a learning experience instead of getting depressed. And next time, you can make your plans to be more successful. 3. When you fail, don't be discouraged. Try again. Don't let negative thoughts hold you back. Just give yourself another chance. So never give up just because you failed. Pessimism is harmful, but it can be changed. Trust yourself and try to adopt an optimistic attitude, and then you will be a winner in life more often. Unit 3 If I Were the Mayor of This City As the topic of the 2010 Expo --- “Bette r City, Better Life” indicates, the ultimate goal of making a city better is to make its people happier. So if I were the mayor of


1. Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate form of the word in brackets. 1. (attention) Correct answer inattention 2. (qualify) Correct answer qualified Correct answer Navigation 4. Correct answer participants 5. Correct answer unconscious 6. Correct answer competence 7. Correct answer inequalities 8. morning. (request) Correct answer

requested 9. Correct answer varied 10. Correct answer partners 2. Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate preposition or adverb. 11. Correct answer in 12. Correct answer of 13. Correct answer to 14. accident. Correct answer at 15. Correct answer beyond 16.

Your answer Correct answer from from 17. Your answer Correct answer to to 18. Your answer Correct answer on on 19. Your answer Correct answer in in Your answer Correct answer On On 3. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the best answer from the choices given. 21. The buses, ___________ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd. A. most of which B. both of which C. few of them D. those of which 22. There's only one man ____________ the job. A. qualified for


Music to Your Gears Andy Ellis 1 尽管音乐能使心中的怒气平息,但是开车时听音乐也会损害你的健康。近期研究表明,听声音很响的音乐会严重地影响司机的注意力,而且心理学家也提醒人们,持续大音量地在车里放这种音乐是很危险的,尤其是处于车流中或是在高速公路上开车时。 2 音乐有两个极端,任何一个极端都有可能带来危险。重金属音乐以其强烈的节奏使人莽撞驾驶,而聆听处于另一个极端的优美而令人舒心的音乐会使司机过分放松,以至于超过安全限度,陷入迷糊状态。 3 英国汽车协会一直关注道路安全,它委托搞了一个项目,研究重大车祸与音乐之间的关系。这项研究发现,17至25年龄段的男性是最危险、最易产生车祸的群体。研究还发现,这个群体的人70%的开车时间都在听音乐。 4 快节奏或重金属音乐要是放得很响,会使人易怒好斗,开起车来冲劲十足。这种司机也就更容易去冒险。开车的速度受到了音乐的速度和节奏的控制。 5 在试验中,那些自愿参加实验的司机说,听了声音很响的音乐,他们说尽管他们不一定感到非要开快车,但的确发现自己换挡更快,加速更快,刹车也更急了若是让这些司机听慢节奏的抒情曲,他们承认自己经常走神。在一次高速公路长途驾驶过程中,至少有两位参加试验的司机发现自己在不知不觉中跨越了车道标志。 6 这些自愿参试的司机(有些刚刚拿到驾驶执照)所发表的意见非常说明问题18岁的西蒙告诉英国汽车协会:“《走出地狱的蝙蝠》里的快节奏摇滚乐有可能让人送命。我发现自己不知不觉地越开越快。” 7 另一名自愿参试的司机一直在听“ZZ顶级”乐队最流行的曲子。他说:“我一直在快速行驶,扯着嗓门唱歌,没有看见也没有听见那辆一直想超过我的消防车。” 8 还有些人说:“我陷入了深思……”,“人的感觉会变得麻木……”,“听不见别的汽车声是个问题”,“我一直在随着音乐的节奏加快速度。” 9 一些慢节奏的背景音乐,如肖邦的音乐,会刺激人的大脑,使思维模式发生变化,激发阿尔法脑波,使人有一种舒服愉快的感觉。处于放松状态在大多数时候对我们有好处,但开车时则不然。心理学家雪利·费希尔教授提醒人们说:“最大的危险是疲倦驾驶。有一些音乐会使你无法集中注意力,甚至陷入轻度睡眠状态,那样就会造成可怕的惨祸。” 10 “问题的关键在于根据具体情况选择合适的音乐。刺激性的音乐适合在漫长、枯燥的道路上听,但是当交通状况糟糕时,或是交通拥挤时,这种音乐会分散你的注意力。” 11 然而,音乐也有其好的一面,正如英国汽车协会的心理学家罗伯特·韦斯特所指出的那样:“如果说有些音乐影响我们安全行驶,那么反过来也是有道理的。精心选择的曲子有助于我们安全行驶,尤其是对高风险的群体而言。例如,要是我们能使年轻的男性驾车者听曼托瓦尼的音乐,他们很可能会把速度放慢。但可悲的是,我自认为没有能力说服他们许多人去这样做。” 12 除了一些音乐会影响行驶安全,我们的车里安装了高技术的音响系统这件事本身也是引起车祸的根源。近期一份有关交通与道路安全的报告表明,小交通事故中,有大约40%是由于人们更换磁带或光盘不看道路所引起的! 13 无论我们对音乐的品位如何,无论我们的开车风格如何,看来安全行驶的习惯是我们一定要养成的。罗孚汽车公司、英国航空航天局、飞利浦公司及瑞典道路与交通研究所已通力合作生产出了一种汽车智能系统——简称为ARIADNE(实时智能驾驶助理)的精密电子防撞行驶报警装置。它利用雷达技术,一旦面临撞车危险,雷达会使车内的电话响起,警告司机注意。 14 如果汽车与前面的车辆之间的距离超出了安全刹车的范围,ARIADNE会通过加速器踏板发出震动以提醒司机放慢速度。随着两车之间的距离不断缩小,这种震荡会越来越强烈。要是司机


Unit 1 Personal Relationship In-Class Reading The Gift of Life 以生命相赠 1 炸弹落在了这个小村庄里。在可怕的越南战争期间,谁也不知道这些炸弹要轰炸什么目标,而它们却落在了一所由传教士办的小孤儿院内。 2 传教士和一两个孩子已经丧生,还有几个孩子受了伤,其中有一个小女孩,8岁左右,双腿被炸伤了。 3 几小时后,医疗救援小组到了。医疗小组由一名年轻的美国海军医生和一名同样年轻的海军护士组成。他们很快发现有个小女孩伤势严重。显然,如果不立即采取行动,她就会因失血过多和休克而死亡。 4 他们明白必须给小女孩输血,但是他们的医药用品很有限,没有血浆,因此需要匹配的血型。快速的血型测定显示两名美国人的血型都不合适。而几个没有受伤的孤儿却有匹配的血型。 5 医生会讲一点越南语,护士会讲一点法语,但只有中学的法语水平。孩子们不会说英语,只会说一点法语。医生和护士用少得可怜的一点共同语言,结合大量的手势,努力向这些受惊吓的孩子们解释说,除非他们能输一些血给自己的小伙伴,否则她将必死无疑。然后他们问孩子们是否有人愿意献血来救小女孩。 6 对医生和护士的请求,孩子们瞪大眼睛,一声不吭。此时小病人生命垂危。然而,只有这些受惊吓的孩子中有人自愿献血,他们才能够得到血。过了好一会儿,一只小手慢慢地举了起来,然后垂了下去,一会儿又举了起来。 7 “噢,谢谢,”护士用法语说。“你叫什么名字?” 8 “兴,”小男孩回答道。 9 兴很快被抱到一张床上,手臂用酒精消毒后,针就扎了进去。在整个过程中,兴僵直地躺着,没有出声。 10 过了一会儿,他发出了一声长长的抽泣,但立即用那只可以活动的手捂住了自己的脸。 11 “兴,疼吗?”医生问。 12 兴默默地摇了摇头,但一会儿忍不住又抽泣起来,并又一次试图掩饰自己的哭声。医生又问是不是插在手臂上的针弄疼了他,兴还是摇了摇头。 13 但现在,偶尔的抽泣变成了持续无声的哭泣。他紧紧地闭着眼睛,用拳头堵住嘴,想竭力忍住哭泣。 14 医疗小组此时非常担忧,因为针不会使他们的小输血者一直感到疼痛。一定是哪里出了问题。恰好这时,一名越南护士前来帮忙。看到小男孩在哭,她用越南话很快地问他原因。听了小男孩的回答后,又立即作了回答。护士一边说,一边俯身轻轻拍着小男孩的头,她的声音亲切柔和。 15 一会儿,小男孩不再哭了,他睁开眼睛,用质疑的目光看着越南护士。护士点了点头,小男孩的脸上马上露出了宽慰的神色。 16 越南护士抬起头平静地对两名美国人说: “他以为自己快死了。他误解了你们。以为你们要他献出所有的血,小女孩才能活下来。” 17 “那他为什么还愿意这么做呢?”海军护士问。 18 越南护士把这个问题向小男孩重复了一遍。小男孩简单地回答道: “她是我的朋友。” 19 他为了朋友甘愿献出自己的生命,没有比这更伟大的爱了。


Unit 1 Personality V ocabulary 1. 1) self-conscious 2) self-confidence 3) self-esteem 4) self-destructive 5) self-worth 6) self-concept 7) Self-awareness 8) self-assurance/self-confidence 2. 1)B 2)I 3)L 4)A 5)H 6)D 7)E 8)N 9)J 10)M 11)C 12)F 13)G 14)K 3. 1) profound 2) jealousy 3) numerous 4) overweight 5) overcome 6) eventually 7) slim 8) compliments 9) diminish 10) reassurance 11) detrimental 12) isolated 13) self-esteem 14) accented 4. 1) reflected 2) concerned/worried 3) profound effect/influence 4) viewed/regarded 5)sensitive 6) respond/react 7)eliminated 8)overcome my fear 9) concentrate on 10) made no comment Translation 1) You should spend a reasonable amount of time relaxing and exercising. 2) In general children are healthier and better educated than ever before. 3) When the right opportunity comes along, he’ll take it. 4) Every day he sets aside some time to be with his family and enjoy life. 5) I remember those dark streets and walking hand in hand with my father. 6) He finally failed to live up to his parents’expectations. 7) In contrast, our use of oil has increased enormously. 8) He succeeded in his efforts to overcome his fatal weakness. Part Four Writing and Translation 2. Translation Practice

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第一单元 accent 强调;口音;腔调;重音acquaintance 泛泛之交;了解adversely 有害地 assurance 信心;保证 assured 自信的;感到有把握的circulate 周旋;循环 concept 观念 constant 不断的;始终不变的contrast 对比 converse 聊天 criticism 批评;评论detrimental 有害的 dwell 详述;居中 eliminate 排除;淘汰encouragement鼓励enthusiastically 满腔热情地esteem 尊重 excessively 过多地 hobby 业余爱好 impression 印象;印记improvement 改进

inadequacy 不够格;不充分inferior 差的 inferiority 低劣 interpret 解释;翻译isolate 使孤立 numerous 众多的overcome 消除;压倒overdo 低头 overweight 超重的passive 消极的reasonable 合理的reevaluate 重新评价rejection 拒绝 self-esteem 自尊 shyness 害羞spontaneous 本能的statement 陈述 swirl 旋转 thoughtful 经过缜密思考的timid 害羞的 unattractive 没有吸引力的uncomfortable 不舒服的

worrisome 令人忧虑的 a great many 很多 come along 出现;与某人一起来到dwell on 谈或想的太多 hand in hand 相伴;手拉手地 have something at heart 对…深切关心 in contrast 与…截然相反 of one’s choice 中意的 set aside (为某目的)节约(时间或钱)aptitude 天资 attach 连接;缚;认为有(重要性)awe 敬畏 brand-new 暂新的 confine 限制;监禁 convinced 确信的 crib 有围栏的婴儿床 deafness 聋 despair 绝望 disagreement 分歧 dismissal 解雇 divorce 离婚;分离;与…离婚employer 雇主


Unit 1 ●Part Two Reading centered activities Pre-reading Reading Comprehension 1.Understanding the structure of the passage Para.1-4 c para.5-7 a para.8-11 b para.12-13 d 2. 1) They would stare at them. 2) He felt embarrassed/ ashamed 3) He never let on. 4) He usually walked there with the help of his son 5) He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station 6) He like basketball, dances, and parties 7) He asked them to sit down and fight with him. 8) He was proud of his son 9) He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him. 10) He learned to have a good heart from his father. 3. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) B 5) D 6) A7) B 8) C 9) D 10) A 4. Understanding the reference Words. 1)the difficulty in coordination the steps 2)whether a person has a good heart 3) a good heart 4)the baseball team 5)sat down to fight 6)what the son has achieved 7)sensed 8)the reluctance to walk with him ●Vocabulary 1. 1) urged 2) halted 3) bother 4) embarrassed 5) adjusted 6) complain 7) kid 8)engage 9)subject 10)saw to it that 11)coordinate 12)participate 2.Word-building patience

新编大学英语1综合教程练习unit 8

UNIT 8 COPING WITH AN EDUCATIONAL PROBLEM I.I. Key words & phrases ability accumulate acquire adequate affect astonish compete complex decline faculty function handful humble idle ignorant jam luxury miracle portable scare slice suggestion swear upset better off break down compete with in amazement make a living by run out of search for sum up Additional Vocabulary scholarship 奖学金 this year’s graduate 应届毕业生 golden collar worker 金领工人 net capital 净资本 academic credit system 学分制 like water off duck’s back 把…当耳边风 netter 网虫 bullet train 子弹头列车 quality of population 人口素质 heuristic education 启发式教育 teach through lively activities 寓教于乐 emeritus professor 名誉教授 degrade oneself 掉(身价) stamp the card 打卡 WAP phone 上网手机 excessive consumption 提前消费 top student 高材生 inter-disciplinary talent 复合型人才 human capital 人力资本 intensive training class 强化班 alleviate burdens on students 减负 online love affair 网恋 magnet train 磁悬列车

新编大学英语(第三版浙江大学编著)4视听说教程原文Unit 7

新编大学英语(第三版/浙江大学编著)4视听说教程原文 Unit7 Part1 Listening 1 Maria: Oh, hi Dave. Long time no see! Dave: Hi Maria. I was in the neighborhood, so I thought I’d drop by. Maria: Come in. Have a seat. Would you like something to drink? I have Sprite and orange juice. Dave: Sprite would be fine. Uh, so, how have you been? Maria: Oh, not bad. And you? Dave: Oh, I’m doing OK, but school has been really hectic these days, and I haven’t had time to relax. Maria: What’s your major anyway? Dave: Hotel management. Maria: Well, what do you want to do after graduation? Dave: Uh… I haven’t decided for sure, but I think I’d like to work for a hotel or travel agency in this area. How about you? Maria: Well, when I first started college, I wanted to major in French, but then I realized I might have a hard time finding a job, so I changed to computer science. With the right skills, landing a job in the computer industry shouldn’t be as difficult. Dave: So, do you have a part-time job to support yourself through school? Maria: Well, fortunately I received a four-year academic scholarship that pays for all my tuition and books. Dave: Wow, that’s great. Maria: Yeah. How about you? Are you working your way through school? Dave: Yeah. I work three times a week at a restaurant near campus. Maria: Oh, what do you do there? Dave: I’m a cook. Maria: How do you like your job? Dave: It’s OK. People there are friendly, and the pay isn’t bad. Listening 2 1. Do you need a place where you can juggle without breaking furniture? Our club offers a place


新编大学英语第二版第三册 第三单元课文翻译 编著:浙江大学 出版社:外语教学与研究出版社 挂钥匙的孩子——笃、笃,家里有人吗? 在过去的几十年中,美国的生活费用一直在持续增长。食品价格。服装费用、房子开销和学费都越来越高。母亲们纷纷放弃传统的全职家庭主妇的角色,这一部分是由于经济需要,一部分是想通过工作取得成就感。她们越来越多地从事家庭以外的有薪水的工作。 如此重大的角色转换影响着整个家庭,尤其是孩子们。某些后果是非常明显的。例如,晚饭时间推迟了。而另一方面,这种转变对情感的影响就更微妙了。母亲们早上带着愧疚感离开家,因为孩子放学回来时她们会不在家。她们压抑着愧疚心理,因为她们相信她们的工作从长远来讲对大家有益。她们的收入将能够使家庭存下钱来供孩子上大学。度一次长假、买辆新车,等等。 孩子们在情感上所受到的影响是很大的。通常,孩子会感到受伤和愤怒。毕竟,他们一个人呆几个小时,他们感到他们的母亲应该“在那儿”等着他们。他们可能需要有人帮他们完成作业,或者想把一天的活动说给母亲听。然而,母亲们通常筋疲力尽地回到家,又要面临一个紧迫的任务——准备晚饭。她们的首要任务是给全家人做晚饭,而不是轻松的聊天。 挂钥匙的孩子年龄从六岁到十三岁不等。每天,他们放学回家,用挂在脖子上的钥匙打开门,独自一人,孤孤单单地呆在安静而空荡荡的屋子里。对某些孩子来说,这段个人时间是很有所作为的,而对于另外一些孩子,却是令人害怕的孤单的空虚。由于安全原因,很多父母不允许孩子出去玩,或带客人到家里来。因此,孩子们感到一种被隔离的感觉。 被采访的挂钥匙的孩子们反应不同。一些孩子说,每天自己呆上几个小时培