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Unit 1

Lesson A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word

for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.

Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the

bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center.

The Government‘s program of university reforms were 1

on Monday. The reforms are a very welcome start and go about as far as they can to shake up higher education. But it will take more than policy to change the market for higher education, where students, parents and employers value the 2 of a university more than the teaching it delivers.

For critics, the Government‘s desire to 3 higher education is somewhat a solution. There are best universities in Britain, producing some of the most cited research in the world. Education is one of Britain‘s biggest exp orts. This is true. But it 4 too much on research at the 5 of education.

The Government‘s White Paper itself does not sugar-coat the situation. A fifth of all graduates don‘t work in 6 or management jobs. Nearly two thirds of graduates say their degree is worse than they 7 and a third say that‘s because of teaching.

Companies say that universities are not producing students who make good job 8 . More than half of all graduates aren‘t in jobs that even require a degree.

In a market where forty per cent of young people now go to university and pay record amounts to do so, you might think that healthy 9 would solve this problem. If the universities aren‘t good value for money, why aren‘t new entrants eating their lunch?

But that‘s not easy. ―As someone who started a free school and now wants to start a university, it is infinitely 10 to start a ne w university than it is to start a school,‖ says Ed Fidoe, a co-founder of School 21.


(268 words)

(Time: )


http://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/2016/05/16/university-reforms-are-welcome-but-dreaming-spi res-will-still-tr/

Lesson B

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with then statements attached to it.

Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the

paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph

more than once. Each paragraph marked with a letter. Answer the questions by

marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

A) ―Children doing tests should not cause such hysteria(歇斯底里). The reality is that in good schools, children are not stressed. Last week witnessed red-letter days, or so those who oppose the Government‘s plans to improve education would have you believe. ‖ On Tuesday, parents kept their children at home. They did so because the Government forced primary aged children as young as six and seven to take many tests.

B) This could have been a major disruption, except the vast, vast majority of parents didn‘t join in. By and large, children came into school for a normal day of lessons. I know this because as someone responsible for the education of around 20,000 primary aged children, fewer than 10 were kept away from school.

C) The basic precondition of the ?Let Kids be Kids‘ boycott was a flawed one. It shouted that

testing is stressing children out - so much so that they feel failures and are having nightmares about the Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 tests. The fact is that whether they are Key Stage 1 tests this month, or Key Stage 2 tests this week, the notion of children doing tests should not be causing such hysteria.

D) The reality is that in good schools, children often do not even know they are being tested.

Actually in good schools, most children are being taught and tested in the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic as well as exploring the more creative side of the curriculum (课程). In good schools they do all of this - and what‘s more they have a good dose of fun too.

E) Common sense tells us that to be able to know how well a child is doing, you need to test them

at the beginning of their time at school so you know their starting point, test them half way through so we know how well they are progressing and, finally, test them at the end of their time at school so that we know they are suitably prepared for the next step of their education.

F) Where children are feeling so distressed, you have to ask what on earth is the school doing to

make them feel that way? The first stop for any parent whose child feels this way is a frank discussion with the head. Let‘s be clear: these are tests, not exams. We are not talking about exam hall conditions, with rows of tiny children sitting in fearful silence. Tests can be

incorporated into the school day to such an extent that children don‘t even realize they are being tested.

G) In other schools, children simply take the tests in their stride and even enjoy the opportunity to

show what they can do. Of course, the anti-test parents also cry foul play that these tests are being used for more evil means: in other words, to measure how well teachers are teaching.

Heaven for fend!

H) But what is so terribly wrong with that? No teacher doing a decent job should have any

concerns in this respect. Those who feel this is a step too far, are the same individuals who complain about the less and less accountability in our schools – well, what better way to hold our schools to account that actually see how well teachers are teaching? Can you get right the SAT question for 11-year-olds an education minister got wrong?

I) Another associated accusation is that the tests are simply too hard. They are hard and rightly

so. As a country, we are behind our international counterparts in an awful manner. And the simple fact is that our six and 11-year-olds will be required to compete with other six and 11-year-olds in countries that are leagues ahead of us.

J) They need to be prepared for this future, and so it is compelling for us to ensure they put the ground work in now. But that doesn‘t mean to the exclusion of everything else - pupils can, and do, learn the basic things of these disciplines and explore, play and have fun. Those wishing to score political points laugh when a minister is puzzled on a question about nouns, verbs or prepositions. I would have been confused too - and I say that as a head with more than

20 years‘ experience and an English Literature graduate on top of that.

K) But that, surely, is the whole point: my generation - and indeed most generations until now –simply weren‘t schooled in this. But we should have been. Spending time to secure these foundations need not be at the cost of creativity or enjoyment. The splendid Grande Dame of architecture, the late Zaha Hadid would surely not have been able to create such works of genius without having a detailed and fundamental knowledge of engineering and the basic knowledge of architecture.

L) Ultimately, to see children being paraded in front of cameras holding posters and being used to make political points was deeply discomforting. These children also spoke to journalists in words that clearly were not their own (a six year old denouncing ?Cameron‘ is such case in point). My plea to all of those who showed sympathy to the ?Let Kids be Kids‘ strike is to do just that: let them be kids - let them learn and let them play, but let them do this in school.

M) The week ended with a second red-letter day. More cheers appeared, with the news that the Government was revising its plans to compel all schools to become academies. I‘m not a politician, so bluntly, I‘m not interested in the slight differences of the whys and the wherefores. I‘m interested in what is right for pupils and what is right for parents. And so what I can say, with authority, is that having been a head teacher in academies and in council-run schools, there is just no contest.

N) Being an academy is streets ahead when it comes to being able to run a school in the way that is most effective and gets the best results. And what‘s more, academies are also leagues a head

when it comes to accountability – Academy heads are directly accountable to their local parents: there is no council acting as ―intermediary(调解人)‖.

O) In refining its plans, the Government has shown itself to be listening and responding to concerns. But the simple fact is that all schools would benefit greatly from becoming academies and teaching professionals across the country should now seize this opportunity.

(1113 words)

1.Our children have fallen behind if compared with children at the same age in other countries.

2.Actually I found most parents didn‘t join in the protest and their children went to school as


3.Despite the supreme importance of basic knowledge, fostering children‘s creativity is

essential as well.

4.Only by testing can we learn how children are doing in different stages of education.

5. A small number of parents were angry because their children were too stressed in school.

6.It‘s a good chance for schools because of the Government going to take action in refining its


7.In good schools, children are taught and tested in a more creative way and they enjoy the

study quite much.

8.Some parents don‘t regard tests as a chance to show their children‘s progress even though the

children like these tests.

9.I don‘t think k ids should be politically involved and I expect all kids to go back to school.

10.Exams may cause much stress while proper tests can be a part of the school day.


http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/2016/05/11/children-doing-tests-should-not-cause-such -hysteria----in-good-s/

Lesson C

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 3 with a single line through the center. (10)

Passage One

Pizza is a sort of magic trick. It‘s a plate you can eat. So, what went wrong when I made it? Nothing, really. Because, provided you know how to make your own bread, making your own pizza is really, really easy.

You can go from zero to pizza in about an hour and a half. Start by boiling a kettle of water, which must be ―hand-hot‖ – this is the trickiest part of all bread. If it is too warm, it will kill the yeast, and the bread won‘t rise. What‘s hand-hot water, I hear you ask? Delia, who was in a helpful mood when she wr ote this chapter, describes it as water ―you can hold your finger in without discomfort‖. You might think that she could have suggested a temperature, so you could test it with a thermometer, instead of periodically dipping your hand in a jug. Sadly, this thought doesn‘t seem to have occurred to Delia.

Once you‘ve got your dough, roll it into a circle, and you‘re ready to add your toppings. There is an easy way and a hard way to do this: either chop your own tomatoes and place them carefully to form the bottom layer of the topping. Or just use tomato puree (果泥), which works just as well and is much easier. A good rule of thumb is to treat your pizza base rather like a baking tray – whatever cheeses you put on it will expand. Forgetting this will produce a lovely pizza with cheese all over the sides – and small, hard bits of cheese that will take ages to clean off.

Besides, there was only one problem: it‘s a little soul-destroying to learn that pizza is only a little more difficult to make than a boiled egg and significantly easier to make than bread. Pizza, it turns out, is bread‘s terrible friend that dropped out of university, penniless and asking for money. And OK, pizza is sexier and knowing how to make pizza will get you invited to a lot more parties than bread. But I think I was a little happier before I knew that every pizza I‘ve ever ordered would have been quicker, cheaper and easier to make at home.


(376 words)

1. In what case does the author think making pizza is easy?

A. If you have enough time and energy.

B. If you are good at making bread on your own.

C. If you have a plate to put pizza in.

D. If you know a little bit magic trick.

2. Why hands-hot water is the trickiest part of bread making?

A. Because the water should be neither too hot nor too cold.

B. Because only warm water can help bread to rise.

C. Because unclean water will prevent yeast from rising.

D. Because water must be tested with a sophisticated thermometer.

3.Why doesn‘t Delia use a thermometer to test water‘s temperature?

A. Because she was not in a good mood when writing the tips.

B. Because she thinks putting your hand into jug is more convenient.

C. Because a thermometer may not work in hot water.

D. Because it seems she doesn‘t think of this method at all.

4. Which of the following sentences is correct according to Para.3?

A. It is quite hard chopping your own tomatoes and putting them under the toppings .

B. Using tomato puree is not as tasty as using chopped fresh tomatoes.

C. Never treat a pizza as a baking tray because it will expand with cheese.

D. All bits of cheese should be cleaned off to make a really cute pizza.

5. What is implied in the last paragraph?

A. Making pizza is as easy as making a boiled egg if you can make bread.

B. Pizza is an ―A-list‖ student who deserves a well-paid job after graduation.

C. Pizza can help you gain more popularity in some social communications.

D. The author will order more pizza because it‘s too costly to make pizzas at home.

Passage Two

Taylor Swift was born on December 13, 1989, in Pennsylvania. She was named after singer James Taylor. Her father is a financial advisor. Her mother is a homemaker who previously worked as a mutual fund marketing executive. Swift‘s mothe r, though American, spent the first 10 years of her life in Singapore before returning to the U.S. and settling in Texas.

Swift spent the early years of her life on a Christmas tree farm in Pennsylvania. She attended preschool and kindergarten at the Alvernia Montessori School before moving to the Wyndcroft School. The family then moved to a rented house in the suburban town of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, where she attended Wyomissing Area Junior/Senior High School. Swift summered at her parents‘ oceanfront vacation home in Stone Harbor, New Jersey, and described it as the place ―where most of my childhood memories were formed‖.

At the age of nine, Swift became interested in musical theatre and performed in four Berks Youth Theatre Academy productions. She also traveled regularly to Broadway for vocal and acting lessons. Swift later turned her attention to country music—Shania Twain‘s songs made her ―want to just run around the block four times and daydream about everything‖.She spent her weekends performing at local festivals, coffeehouses, fairs, karaoke contests, garden clubs, Boy Scout meetings and sporting events. At the age of eleven, after many failed attempts, Swift won a local talent competition and was given the opportunity to appear as the opening act for Charlie Daniels at a Strausstown theater.

After watching a documentary about Faith Hill, Swift felt sure that she needed to go to Nashville, Tennessee, to pursue a music career. At the age of eleven, she traveled with her mother to Nashville to submit a demo(样本唱片). She received rejections and realized that ―everyone in that town wanted to do what I wanted to do. So, I kept thinking to myself, I need to figure out a way to be diff erent‖.

When Swift was about 12 years old, a computer repairman taught Swift how to play three chords on a guitar, inspiring her to write her first song, ―Lucky You‖. She had previously won a national poetry contest with a poem titled ―Monster in My Closet‖, but now began to focus on songwriting.



1.What do we know of Taylor Swift‘s parents?

A. Swift‘s mother is a housewife after quitting her job as a mutual fund marketing executive.

B. Swift‘s mother has never left America because she needs to take care of a big family.

C. Swift‘s mother spent her childhood in Asia bef ore going to Texas.

D. Swift‘s father likes James Taylor‘s songs and expects his daughter to become a singer.

2. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

A. Swift‘s childhood was spent both in Pennsylvania and New Jersey.

B. Swift‘s father didn‘t buy a house in the outskirt of Wyomissing.

C. Swift thought spending schooldays at the seaside was really unforgettable.

D. Swift didn‘t spend her kindergarten in Wyndcroft S chool.

3. How did Swift turn her attention to country music?

A. She touched country music in musical theatre before the age of ten.

B. Her regular travel to Broadway provided more chances of acting.

C. She was attracted to some singer‘s music which gave her power and dream.

D. She had talent in country music and won a competition.

4. What do you know about Swift‘s travel to Nashville with her mother?

A. She went there to record her first demo to be submitted to some record company.

B. It came as no surprise that Nashville rejected Swift.

C. Swift was frustrated by the fact that most people there had the same dream.

D. Swift gradually realized it was necessary to stand out with a unique style.

5. What can you profit from reading the story of Taylor Swift?

A. Being named after some celebrity is essential for a rosy future.

B. Successful people must have moved from place to place at early age.

C. Talent alone is not the predictor of being highly successful.

D. Being well-educated can inspire a musician‘s creativity.


Lesson A

1. C

2. F

3. M

4. A

5. K

6. E

7. O

8. G

9. N 10. B Lesson B

1. I


3. K



6. O



9.L 10.F Lesson C

Passage One

1. B

2. A


4. A


Passage Two

1. A

2. C

3. C

4. D


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