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Unit 1 Personality

V ocabulary

1. 1) self-conscious 2) self-confidence 3) self-esteem 4) self-destructive 5) self-worth

6) self-concept 7) Self-awareness 8) self-assurance/self-confidence

2. 1)B 2)I 3)L 4)A 5)H 6)D 7)E 8)N 9)J 10)M 11)C 12)F 13)G 14)K

3. 1) profound 2) jealousy 3) numerous 4) overweight 5) overcome 6) eventually

7) slim 8) compliments 9) diminish 10) reassurance 11) detrimental

12) isolated 13) self-esteem 14) accented

4. 1) reflected 2) concerned/worried 3) profound effect/influence 4) viewed/regarded

5)sensitive 6) respond/react 7)eliminated 8)overcome my fear

9) concentrate on 10) made no comment


1) You should spend a reasonable amount of time relaxing and exercising.

2) In general children are healthier and better educated than ever before.

3) When the right opportunity comes along, he’ll take it.

4) Every day he sets aside some time to be with his family and enjoy life.

5) I remember those dark streets and walking hand in hand with my father.

6) He finally failed to live up to his parents’expectations.

7) In contrast, our use of oil has increased enormously.

8) He succeeded in his efforts to overcome his fatal weakness.

Part Four Writing and Translation

2. Translation Practice

1) It is believed that pessimism often leads to hopelessness, sickness and failure.

2) Optimism, by contrast, can make you happy, healthy and successful.

3) When you fail in something, profit from the failure as a learning experience.

4) Think about your strengths and build up self-confidence in front of problems or difficulties.

5) Don’t let negative thoughts hold you back.

6) Everyone has experienced failures and disappointments, so don’t blame yourself too much.

Unit 2 Myths and Legends

V ocabulary

1. 1) A. invitation B. invited C. inviting 2) A. prepare B. prepared C. preparation D. preparatory/preparation

3) A. discoveries B. discoverers C. discovered

4) A. approval B. approve C. approved D. approving E. disapprove

5) A. eloquent B. eloquence C. eloquently

6) A. faithful B. unfaithful/faithless C. faith d. faithfully

7) A. occasional B. occasionally C. occasion

8) A. delivery B. delivering C. delivered

9) A. troublesome B. troubled C. troubled D. troubling 10) A. assurance B. assured C. assure

2. 1) got/ran into trouble 2) no trouble 3) asking for trouble 4) have …trouble 5) trouble


6) in serious/deep/big trouble 7) get/getting …into trouble 8) took the trouble

3. 1) with a pattern of roses 2) prepared a wonderful/goof meal for us

3) promised faithfully 4) deliver this letter

5) a selection of milk and plain chocolate 6) keep out of mischief/behave themselves

7) the sound of distant thunder 8) received approval from the government

9) in spite of the fact that he drank too much 10) agree whether the drug is safe or not

Part Three Further Development

5. Complete the following Ancient Chinese story by translating the Chinese into English

1) the true reason why there was no such animal in Guizhou

2) they were of no use at all in this place

3) when he saw the donkey all of a sudden, he thought it was a monster

4) he hid himself in the trees while looking at the donkey

5) what kind of animal is this and why does it look different from other animals that I’ve seen?

6) But one day the donkey stretched its thin neck and cried

7) the tiger discovered that the donkey didn’t have any other skills besides crying

8) But he dared not rush to it and eat it just as he did to other animals

9) This did irritate the donkey (made the donkey angry), who raised its hind leg and kicked the


10) This time he rushed to it without hesitation and bit its rhroat

Part Four Writing and Translation

2. Translation Practice







Unit 3 Social Problems

V ocabulary

2. 1) constantly 2) impact 3) burden 4) Candidly 5) fulfillment

6) salaried 7) resentment 8)assistance 9)perfect 10) suppress

3. 1) successfully 2) resentment 3)security 4) necessity 5) advisable

6) access/accessibility 7) athletic 8) maturity 9) emotional 10) effectively


1) Because of an emergency, the doctor will not be available for several hours.

2) How will taxes affect people with low income?

3) My mother always told me that in the long run I would be glad I didn’t give up practicing the piano.

4) These books range in price form $10 to $20.

5) It seems to me that you don’t have much choice. 6) Given their inexperience, they have done quite a good job.

7) For such a big house the price is fairly cheap/low, but you’ve got to take into consideration the money you will spend on repairs.

8) Can we begin with discussing questions/problems arising from the last meeting?

Part Four Writing and Translation

2. Translation Practice

1) 孩子最好远离毒品




2) 在逃的武装抢劫犯落入法网




Unit 4 Career Planning

V ocabulary

1. 1) acceptable 2) efficiency 3) implications 4) instability 5) rationalize

6) uation 7) foreseeable 8) invention 9) hastily 10)probability

11) professional 12)challenging 13)defensive 14) personality

2. 1) in case 2) Every so often 3) resort to 4) talk over 5) start over 6) in reality

7) at stake 8) seized on 9) leading to 10) take stock of

3. 1) programs 2) way 3) technical 4) both 5) provided 6) who 7) such 8) needed

9) opportunities 10) when 11) to 12) Completion 13) holding 14) early

15) hire 16) promote 17) up 18) educating


1) He underwent a major heart surgery several years ago.

2) We estimated that it would take a week to finish the work.

3) I used to enjoy photography, but I now have no time to pursue any hobbies.

4) You may love someone but not necessarily have to marry him.

5) Terrorists resort to violence to achieve their political aims.

6) He says he’ll stay in the office this afternoon in case you want to see him.

7) Scientists have identified the gene that causes abnormal growth.

8) These examples demonstrate how badly some students write their resumes.

Part Four Writing and Translation

2. Translation Practice

A = Applicant I = Interviewer


I: Do you have a boyfriend?

A: Yes.

I: Is he here, in this city?

A: No, he is in another city.

I: Sorry, we will not employ you?

A: Why not?

I: You would not be keeping your mind on your work. What’s more, we do not want to see our

telephone bill increase enormously because of you.


I: Do you have a girlfriend?

A: No. Have you ever dated a girl?

I: Yes, but she didn’t want to date me?

A: Do you want to date girls after you have a job?

I: I will set my mind on work first. I will not consider my marriage now.

A: Sorry, we will not employ you.

I: Why not?

A: You are lacking in the ability of dealing with interpersonal relationships. Also, you lack self-confidence.


I: Do you have a girlfriend?

A: Yes.

I: Is she pretty?

A: Not quite.

I: Sorry, we will not employ you.

A: Can it be that a plain girlfriend will affect your company’s image?

I: It’s not that. But our company engages in works of art. Your aesthetic judgment does not satisfy our company’s need.


I: Do you have a girlfriend?

A: Yes.

I: Is she pretty?

A: Very.

I: Is she your first love?

A: Yes.

I: Sorry, we will not employ you, because you lack the initiative in pursuing the better unceasingly.


I: Do you have a girlfriend?

A: Yes.

I: Is she your first love?

A: No, I have a couple of girlfriends before.

I: Sorry, we will not employ you, because you would soon job-hop.


I: Do you have a boyfriend?

A: Yes.

I: Is he very rich?

A: No.

I: Sorry, we will not employ you, because your job is to work with money. I am afraid you cannot resist the temptation.

Unit 5 Language

V ocabulary

1. Section A 1) A 2) B 3) A 4) B 5) C 6) B 7) C 8) C 9) A 10) A

Section B 1) renewed 2) apply 3) persist 4) succeeded 5) drop

6) revealed 7) wonder 8) keenly 9) vainly 10) impressed

2. 1) unconsciously 2) expectant 3) eventful 4) immeasurable

5) imitation/imitating 6) continually 7) tenderness 8) impatient


1) Seeing all the people walking to and fro outside the office, I became more worried.

2) In time he will see who is his true friend.

3) That scientist’s experiment gave birth to a new drug.

4) He had been shut in by illness during much of the winter.

5) They would practice spoken English at the first opportunity.

6) Everything she valued might be swept away overnight.

7) Towards the close of the term, all the students are busy preparing for the finals.

8) It is a very cold winter and we long for it to be over.

Part Four Writing and Translation

2. Translation Practice

1) 他钦佩布朗太太这使我很惊奇。

2) 暴风雨持续了一整天就在这段时间里船破裂了。

3) 虽然那个学生在做试验前已仔细阅读过实验说明但由于他生搬硬套未能得到满意的结果。

4) 我知道萨拉会将那个好消息告诉她姐姐的而她姐姐又很可能将它告诉她的同学。

5) 史密斯先生很有教学经验他将在春天和我们一起工作。

6) 邮递员早晨6点30分来。这个时候我通常还在睡大觉呢。

Unit 6 Man and Animals

V ocabulary

3. 1) survive 2) conflicts 3) available 4) likely 5) injuring

6) absorbed 7) competition 8) instinct 9) hesitated 10) similar

4. 1) ensure 2) population 3) characteristic 4) exhibit 5) defense

6) familiar 7) territory 8) case 9) minute 10) aggressive


1) She always behaves badly when her aunt comes to visit.

2) If it hadn’t been for your help, we wouldn’t have been able to finish the task in time.

3) I warned him off going to the east coast because it was full of tourists.

4) The fact that something is cheap doesn’t necessarily mean it’s of low quality.

5) Without anyone to turn to for help, making an appropriate choice can be difficult.

7) Only if Peter goes to the evening party will she go.

8) I can only compare the experience to a nightmare.

Writing and Translation

2. Translation practice














Unit 7 They Joy of Travel

V ocabulary

1. 1) engagement 2) separating 3) influences 4) arranged 5) chosen

6) In case 7) processed 8) changes 9) benefited 10) go on

2. 1) end 2) booked 3) trapped 4) book 5) ended 6) appeal

7) trap 8) appeal 9) samples 10) structure 11) value 12) structured

13) sampled 14) process 15) valued 16) process

3. 1) A. emptied B. emptiness 2) A. terrified B. terrifying

3) A. entertaining B. entertainment 4) A. introductory B. introduction

5) A. employed B. employment 6) A. transform B. transformation

7) A. convinced B. convincing 8) A. approval B. approve

9) A. isolates B. isolation 10.A. reinforcement B. reinforced


1) I didn’t realize putting on/staging a play involved so much work.

2) The most important thing is not what you say but what you do.

3) This is the best result that can be expected in such circumstances.

4) It isn’t the first time that you’ve found yourself in such a situation.

5) This difficulty challenges my mind to find an answer.

6) The new threat on the horizon is unemployment.

7) We have alternative ways of expressing the same idea.

8) He slipped into the old habit of drinking.

Writing and Translation

2. Translation practice

A. From English to Chinese

1) 悲观主义者的典型特征是他们往往认为坏事会持续很久会损害他们所做的每一件事情而且都是自己的过错。

2) 猴子回答说他确信自己有足够的力量同志天庭。

3) 好消息是并非A型行为的各个方面都同样有害。

4) 有观察表明如果人们不被告知正在发生的事情他们会变得更不耐烦。这是Larson研究的另一个课题。

5) 有时病人所需的只是一种安慰一切都会好的。

B. From Chinese to English

1) The question to ask is not whether we should travel but where we should travel.

2) The distinctive feather of the island is that it is made up of pink coral.

3) The belief that he would win helped him go out of the desert.

4) The fact that the town had beautiful scenery and low expense made us overjoyed.

5) He wanted to find some evidence that the restaurant overcharged him.

Unit 8 Nature and Nurture

V ocabulary

1. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) C 5) A 6) B 7) B 8) B

2. 1) resemble 2) alike 3) Like 4) similar 5) same 6) Identical, same, alike

3. 1) absolutely 2) eventually 3) obviously 4) Similarly 5) remarkably 6) approximately 7)

exclusively 8)actually

Writing and Translation

2. Translation practice








Unit 9 Music

V ocabulary

1. 1) stimulate 2) distract 3) qualify/be qualified 4) induce 5) accelerate

6) soothe 7) overtaken 8) wander 9) combine 10) commissioned

2. 1) C 2) D 3) A 4) C 5) A 6) C 7) C 8) A


1) I took advantage of the fine weather today to play tennis.

2) You may even swim in the lake—if you feel inclined to.

3) The loud music brought on another one of his headaches.

4) A careless person is apt to make mistakes.

5) The experiment resulted in the discovery of a cure for cancer.

6) Comparatively speaking, we are more concerned with work efficiency and product development.

7) Doctors said that surgery could induce heart attack.

8) I qualified/was qualified as a doctor at London University 30 years ago.

Writing and Translation

2. Translation practice

1) 音乐是人类的共同语言。——亨利W朗费罗1807-18820美国诗人

2) 音乐给人的启示超过哲学。——路德维希范贝多芬1770-1827德国作曲家

3) 在生命的黑夜中音乐是月光。——让保罗里彻1763-1825德国作家

4) 音乐能洗涤灵魂清除其日常生活的尘埃。——摘自《一百零一首最好的歌》

5) 人们用音乐来表达语言难以表达的情感。——埃尔伯特哈伯德1856-1915美国作家、编辑

6) 音乐真奇妙它能平息胸中的怒气软化坚硬的岩石压弯长满节瘤的橡树。——威廉


7) 记忆中所有的一切都似乎跟音乐有关。——田纳西威廉斯1974-1983美国戏剧家

8) 借助音乐孩童进入美的世界表达内心的情感品位创造的乐趣增强同情心发展


9) 人们相互表达心灵的和谐美妙所采用的最佳、最美、最理想的途径是音乐。——乔纳森


10) 音乐的力量是无法抗拒的它的功劳数不胜数任何灵魂工程师都很少能像音乐一样激



Unit 10

V ocabulary

1. 1) A 2) A 3) B 4) A 5) A 6) B 7) A 8) A 9) A 10) B

2. 1) Judging fro m 2) regardless of 3) In my opinion 4) Now that

5) let alone 6) lost touch with 7) at peace with 8) get along with

3. 1) inherited from 2) distracts…from 3) confronted with 4) probe 5) regardless of/ in spite


6) perceive 7) have identified 8) make up 9) limitations 10) genius


1) When he returned to his office, he was confronted with an enormous pile of work.

2) The captain of this football team scored two wonderful goals early on in the game.

3) provided they are fit, I don’t know why they won’t go on playing for another three or four years.

4) In emergencies he can still make sound judgments.

5) While I admit that there are problems, I don’t agree that they cannot be solved.

6) He went on listening to her, at times impatient and at times fascinated.

7) We must find a way to resolve these problems before it is too late.

8) Parents cannot always have the school of their choice for their children.

Writing and Translation

2. Translation practice

A. 岁月可以在皮肤上留下皱纹但是热情的丧失却会让灵魂生长皱纹。忧虑、恐惧、缺乏自信只会让人胸无大志变成一堆行尸走肉。无论是60岁还是16岁每个人都会被好奇所吸引都会对未来、对人生这场游戏带给我们的欢乐怀着孩子般永不消减的渴望。在你我心灵的深处都有一个无线电台只要它不停地从人群中、从无限的时空中接受美好、希望、激励、勇气和力量的信息你我就都会年轻。

B. 1) 老年远不只是头上有白发脸上有皱纹也不只是一种感觉。真正的不幸不在于身体的虚弱而在于心灵的冷漠。

2) 人的青春是美妙的它充满着痛苦和魔力青年人在当时并不知道什么是青春只有当它永远地消失时他才真正明白。

3) 我认为那些有强烈的非个人性兴趣爱好又参与各种适当活动的人最容易做好颐养天年。

4) 当青春逝去时每个人都会带着无限的悲哀和悔恨回首人生那段时光。他这时才知道


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