2. 1）People would stare at them
2）He felt embarrassed and ashamed.
3）He never let on.
4）He would walk to the subway station under the help of his son.
5）His children would put him on the sleigh and pull him to the subway station.
6）His hobbies included baseball, dances and parties.
7）He asked others to sit down and fight with him.
8）He was pround of his son.
9）He felt sorry for what he used to do.
10）He learned from his father the importance of having a good heart.
4. 1）the difficulty in coordinating the steps
2）whether a person has a good heart
3）a good heart
4）the basketball team
5）sat down to fight
6）what the son has achieved
8）the reluctance to walk with him
1. 1）urged 2）halted 3）bother 4）embarrassed 5）adjusted 6）complain 7）kid 8）engage 9）subject 10）saw to it that 11）coordinate 12）participate
1）bitter 2）fortunate 3）patience 4）memorable 5）reluctant 6）entrance 7）complaints 8）envious 9）knowledgeable 10）frustration
1）He walk slowly because of the problem on his leg.
2）He attended the meeting despite his server illness.
3）He saw to it that the same kind of mistake wouldn't happen again.
4）Now that they knew more about each other，they got along with each other better.
5）Then I found myself surrounded by five to six boys.
6）I'd like to give my best withes to you on this happy occasion.
3.1）causes 2）offers 3）to 4）not 5）tell 6）calls 7）attracted 8）discovers 9）weak
10）disappointed 11）distance 12）out
1.1）different 2）problems 3）communication 4）translator 5）trust 6）acceptance 7）exaggerate 8）superlatives 9）metaphors 10）generalizations 11）unsupportive 12）literally 13）rethink 14）translate
2. 1）FTFTT 6）FTTTT
1. 1）mess 2）repeat 3）mislead 4）intends 5）tend 6）exaggerates 7）frustrating 8）misinterpreted 9）acceptance 10）trust
1）f c a k i 6）e h j g b 11）d
1）conveyed 2）assistance 3）encounter 4）conflict 5）emphasis 6）reacted 7）recognize 8）manner 9）assume 10）emerges 11）ignore
3.1）out 2）on 3）with 4）of 5）In 6）in 7）to 8）on 9）At 10）of Translation
1）I went to the dentist yesterday to have my bad tooth pulled out.
2）The development of a matter in nature depended on the internal cause.
3）Every road leads to Rome.
4）I intended to bring you the book today，but I forgot. 5）I am on the verge of accepting his suggestion.
6）Divorce shouldn't be taken lightly.
1.1）Each person has the potential to win in his own way.
2）responds genuinely by being trustworthy and responsive.
fails to respond genuinely.
4）B.A winner is not afraid to do his own thinking and to use his own knowledge.
C.A winner is flexible.
E.A winner cares about the world and its people.
5）Poor nutrition，cruelty，unhappy relationships，disease，continuing disappointment，and inadequate physical care.
A.A loser lacks an ability to appropriately express himself through a full range of possible
B.A loser has difficulty giving and receiving love.
1. 1）A.感谢B.赏识2）A.容积 B.能力3）A.频道B.引导到……
1）expectations 2）limitations 3）capability 4）achievement 5）response 6）awareness 7）behavior 8）disappointment 9）cruelty 10）dependence
3.1）entered into 2）channeled...into 3）holds/held back 4）unaware of 5）separate...from 6）referred to...as 7）lived up to 8）calls for 9）contributes to 10）sees/saw...as Translation
1）Lack of confidence contributed to his failure.
2）In the face of the serious illness，she showed great courage.
3）We came to an conclusion that she told the truth.
4）His secretary failed to tell him of the meeting.
5）Language learning is not a matter of memorizing words.
6）Once she decided on something，no one can hold her back.
7）It's different to live up to our captain's standard.
8）The scientist referred to this discovery as the most exciting new development in this area.
2）i）The placebo works because the human mind fools itself
ii）The placebo makes the wish to get better become reality
70 percent of the people
only 25 percent of the people
pain after an operation
nothing at all
The first group showed no changes from the way old people in that village had always been.
The second group had much better health and a lower death rate.
a real drug which was intended to help with the problem of old age.
The third group showed much the same results as the group that took the placebo.
4）if the placebo can have bad effects it should never be used.
5）It is suggested that human mind is stronger than we think it is.
2. 1）Yes 2）No 3）Maybe 4）Yes 5）Yes 6）No 7）Yes 8）Maybe Vocabulary
1. 1）A药，药物B.医学2）A.射击 B.皮下注射3）A.宇宙飞船座舱B.胶囊
2. 1）a e f d g 6）h c b
1）All I say is that we are very sorry.
2）In many case，rules alone can't work.
3）He is likely to succeed because of his intelligence and diligence.
4）She stares at me as if she didn't know me.
5）It is reported that three people were injured in yesterday's traffic accident.
6）The way he treated me made me angry.
7）The condition of the patient this morning is much the same as yesterday.
8）Tonight I'd like to say at home rather than go out.
1.II）i）When we are in REM sleep.
ii）To give us rest and to allow us to dream.
IV）i）drinking wine to indicate a short life，drinking water to indicate a long life ii）right hand（father），left hand（mother），dolphin（a good omen）
iii）treat with care
2. 1）TTTTF 6）TTTFF
1. 1）explanation 2）enthusiasts 3）frustrating 4）popularity 5）unconscious 6）electrical 7）movements 8）recognizable 9）interpretation 10）countless
1）asleep 2）sleepless 3）sleep 4）sleepy 5）asleep 6）slept 7）sleeping，sleep 8）sleeper
1）submerged 2）subculture 3）submarine 4）subway 5）subzero 6）Subtropical 7）subspecies 8）subnormal
3.1）progressed 2）puzzled 3）process 4）reflected 5）predict 6）advances 7）symbol 8）ancient 9）error 10）conscious 11）analysis 12）inner
1）You may see that what I said will come true.
2）This lecture was so boring that half of the students fell asleep.
3）The problem of unemployment is closely tied up with the development of the new technology. 4）His appearance changed so greatly that you might well not recognize him.
5）The history of the castle can date back to the 14th century.
6）She never did anything for them，whereas they did all that can be done.
1.1）A.natural B.neutral C.natural D.neutral
2）A.shattered B.crashing C.cracked D. crash E.crack
3）A.ancient B.early C.previous
4）A.sign B.symbol C.signal D.signs/symbols
5）A.view B.vision C.visions D.outlook E.view
6）A.errors/mistakes B.fault C.error D.fault E.mistake
8）A.conscious B.unconscious C.subconscious D.consciousness
cow 1）Cows can help people plow the fields.
2）Cow manure can be used as fertilizer.
3）Cow manure can be dried and burned to make a cooking fire.
dog 1）Dogs can be as companions for people. 2）Dogs serve as protection against thieves.
pork 1）Pork cooked insufficiently may spread disease.
2）Nomadic people did not want to stay in one place to raise pigs.
2. 1）nutrition，religion，the ways of life of different people
4）there is plenty of land for raising cattle and the meat can be shipped for long distances by railway road
5）they can go anywhere they want to in the streets；they can eat anything from the supplies of the food sellers in the streets
1. 1）common 2）appropriate 3）forbidden 4）supplies 5）related 6）evidence
7）requires 8）raise 9）spread 10）sufficiently
2. 1）disgusting 2）habit 3）insects 4）reasonable 5）relatively 6）animals 7）harvested 8）grow 9）nearly 10）other 11）altogether 12）consumed 13）avoid 14）popular 15）offers 16）served 17）would 18）enjoyed 19）considered 20）reject
3.1）g f b c h 6）e i d a j
1）We all regard him as one of the best players in this match.
2）The scientist picked up those small pieces of stones and put them into a box carefully.
3）The population of China is almost five times as large as that of the United States.
4）The reason why grass is green was once a mystery to that little boy.
5）She is standing by the window，apparently quite calm and relaxed.
6）Profits have declined as a result of the recent drop in sales.
7）She put on her dark glasses as a protection against the strong light.
8）After that people no longer trust him.
2.d e b f g c a
to show anger to show impatience or anger
to express one's respect irrelevant practice
insulting to show sympathy，affection orencouragement
1.B.1）i）smooth over the visitors' leaving；they will be welcome to come again；
the words and phrases
ii）those less important or younger visitors
discourage the host and hostess from seeing her off
accept the inevitable
2）i）giving “nothing”even slightly edible
not showing enough honor by providing proper dishes
Oh，I'm so glad that you like it. I cooked it especially for you
ii）always so “naughty”，never studying，never listening to their elders
iii）the first time
C. cultural differences
2. 1）TTFFF 6）TTT
2. 1）reveal 2）sudden 3）achieve 4）exceed 5）workable 6）convince 7）dissuade 8）unavoidable 9）goodbye 10）warning 11）praise 12）respect 13）suggestion 14）change 15）disappointment
3.1）with 2）arranged 3）majority 4）proportion/percentage 5）similar 6）reaches 7）including 8）background 9）parents 10）if/whether 11）who 12）both 13）meeting 14）families 15）dating 16）before 17）decision 18）parents 19）marriage 20）rate Translation
1）If you sing this song several times，children will then pick up the words.
2）We tried our best to assure the nervous old man that flying travel was safe.
3）An inadequate supply of vitamin A will cause night blindness.
4）I can use a computer，but when it comes to repairing it，I have no idea about it.
5）Many a mother tries to have her dreams realized by her daughter.
6）The nasty weather discouraged people from attending the parade.
7）I gave him some pills to ease his pain.
8）This job involves working abroad three months per year.
1.1）We are a people consumed by financial stress.
2）A.Money is a raw material to be used rather than amassed.
B.Earn all you can，save all you can，give all you can
3）root of a evil
The couple in “Elias”lived a simple but happy life when they become poor
B.a raw material to be plowed back into something else
2. 1）FFFOO 6）FOO
1. 1）at the top 2）cut back on 3）free from 4）all but 5）in light of 6）do us/her any good 7）keep...up 8）rather than 9）adds...tod 10）pointed out 11）plowed back into
12）has much to do with
1）I think I should point out how dangerous it is.
2）Their opinion will not affect my decision.
3）When it comes to talking about modern art，few people know more than Tom does.
4）When being asked，she confirmed that she was going to retire.
5）The cough medicine tastes not bad，but it doesn't do me mush good.
6）If we can't sell more goods，we'll have to cut back on the production.
7）The film is all but three hours long.
8）I assure you that it is true，lest anymore should think my story strange.
1.1）A.nothing but B.all but C.anything but 2）A.rare B.scarce C.rare
3）A.assume B.consumes C.consumed 4）A.conscious B.conscience C. conscious 5）A.breed B.breeds C.breeding 6）A.factor B.facts C.factor
7）A.excessive B.excess C.excess 8）A.resolution B.solution C.resolution
1.1）basement 2）first floor 3）third floor 4）ground floor 5）ground floor 6）ground floor 7）basement 8）second floor 9）third floor 10）second floor 11）ground floor
①d ②a ③b ④c
primary purchasers of certain items（para.2-3）
products and brand choices of their parents（para.4-6）
2. 1）personal sources
3）（relatively low influence from）parents and peers
4）（more from）friends and （less from）parents
1. 1）b a a a b 6）b b a
2. 1）survey 2）consideration 3）perceive 4）tend 5）campaign 6）relatively 7）primary 8）criteria
3. 1）A.bands B.band 2）A.economy B.economics 3）A.adolescents B.Adults
4）A.campaign B.movement 5）A.contemporary B.modern 6）A.ripe B.mature Translation
1）All the arrangements should be finished prior to your departure.
2）Such kind of behavior may result in the manager's being fired.
3）Our products can compete with those of other companies in terms of quality，liability and especially for variety.
4）The heavy rain affected the performance of the team greatly.
5）I can appreciate the reasons why you opposed the suggestion.
6）To some extent，she should be responsible for the accident.
7）I feel very uncomfortable at the very thought that life is just too comfortable.
8）Women tend to live longer than men.
2.e d f a c b
1.Man 1—Picture C
Man 2—Picture A
Man 3—Picture B
1.1）Peace of mind
i.certain mind-body techniques
relaxation therapies，other behavioral techniques
ii.blood pressure，heat rate，respiration
sense of well-being
ii.a stressful experience
v.a slow walk
2. 1）TFTTF 6）TTT
2. 1）ABBAB 6）ABBBB 11）AB
3.1）fit 2）technology 3）efficient 4）chance 5）aspect 6）anxious 7）decreasing 8）depend on
1）We can go to the seven o'clock performance or the eight—whichever suits you better.
2）Men are generally considered as being tough，but most women know that the reverse is often true.
3）He was released from the prison soon after serving two years of his five-year sentence.
4）You look equally nice in both clothes，and I don't know which one to advise you to buy.
5）This candidate has an impressively diverse range of interests and experience.
6）The child suddenly let go of her hand and ran across the street.
7）The result of the competition will depend largely on the opinions of the judges.
8）I'm tried of you telling me what to do all the time.
2.d e b f g c a
新编大学英语教案(第二册)_U n i t2 C o m m u n i c a t i o n P r o b l e m s -CAL-FENGHAI-(2020YEAR-YICAI)_JINGBIAN
Unit Two Communication problems Teaching Objectives 1. Let the students have some ideas of the common ways we usually use in our daily life to communicate. 2. Make the students find the efficient ways to communicate with each other. 3. Let the students come up with the ways to avoid misunderstandings. Teaching allotment six academic hours Focus points 1.key words and phrases assume, conflict, convey, emphasis, ignore, misinterpret, react, verge, feel like, for effect, on the verge of, pull out, take----lightly 2.difficult sentences 1) When Martians and Venusians first got together, they encountered many of the problems with relationships we have today. 2) So when communication problems emerged, they assumed it was just one of those expected misunderstandings and that with a little assistance they would surely understand each other. 3) To fully express their feelings, women would tend to exaggerate the facts a little bit for effect and use various superlatives, metaphors, and generalizations. 3.grammar focus prefix “mis---”的不同意义 Related Information It is well-known that learning a second language is never easy, and, generally speaking, the older one is when one attempts a new language, the more difficult it becomes. This is at least partly due to what is known as language interference, meaning that the linguistic patterns of our first language interfere with those of the second because no two languages have exactly the same sounds and grammatical structures. The English language has a very large vocabulary because it has incorporated words from many other languages over the centuries. This is nowhere more apparent than in its color words. For example, there are many words that express the color “purple”, describing its different shades and hues: mauve, violet, lilac, or lavender. An interesting 2
Reading comprehension 1略 2 BDCAC AADBB Vocabulary 1. 1) A. entertaining B. entertainment C. entertained D. entertainer 2) A. recognizable B. recognized C. recognition 3) A. tempting B. temptation C. tempt 4) A. reasoned B. reasoning C. reasonable D. reason 5) A. analyzed B. analytical C. analyst D. analysis 6) A. valuable B. valuation C. valued/values D. values 7) A. humorist B. humor C. humorous D. humorless 8) A. understandable B. understanding C. understand D. misunderstood 2. 1) a sense of responsibility 2) a sense of safety/security 3) a sense of inferiority 4) a sense of superiority 5) a sense of rhythm 6) a sense of justice 7) a sense of shame 8) a sense of helplessness 9) a sense of direction 10) a sense of urgency 3. 1) Lively behavior is normal 2) Fast cars appeal to 3) diverse arguments 4) I asked my boss for clarification 5) sensitive to light 6) Mutual encouragement 7) made fun of him 8) persists in his opinion/viewpoint 9) to be the focus/center of attention 10) we buy our tickets in advance 4. 1）certain/sure 2) involved 3) end 4) behavior 5) disciplining 6) agreed 7) individually 8) first 9) response 10) question 11) attempt 12) voice 13) directly 14) followed 15) trouble Unit 2 便笺的力量 Reading comprehension 1略 2 FFTFTFTFTTFTFT Vocabulary 1. Creating Compound Words
Unit 5 Romance I.Key Words & Expressions absorb broaden correspond delicate disgust fertile glow grateful grip hesitate overseas previous locate margin schedule sensible slim split straighten sustain thoughtful thrust be grateful to sb. for sth. go sb’s way in response to make one’s way more than a little take a chance on sth. Additional V ocabulary live up to one’s expectation 不辜负某人的期望 A cadre should be ready to take a lower as well as a higher post. 干部要能上能下。 provocative smile 撩人的微笑 more than a little overweight 体重偏胖，体态臃肿 warm and kindly glow 热情善良的光芒 Ill news travels fast. 恶事传千里。 Every man has a fool in his sleeves. 人人都有糊涂的时候。 II. V ocabulary &Structure 1. As you have seen, the value of a nation’s currency is a of its economy. A. reaction B. reflection C. response D. revelation 2. During the process, great care has been taken to protect the silk from damage. A. sensitive B. tender C. delicate D. sensible 3. She was so in her job that she didn't hear anybody knocking at the door, A. attracted B. absorbed C. drawn D. concentrated 4. Although the weather was very bad, the buses still ran on . A. list B. plan C. arrangement D. schedule 5. We haven' t reserved a table, b ut we will take a chance its not being full. A. at B. on C. about D. of
Part 1 Listening 1 Ex1: C A D C B Ex2: 1) approaching 2) left 3) toilet 4) locked 5) Tickets please 6) pushed 7) stamped Scripts: Two Belgians and two Dutchmen traveled regularly to work on the same train. After a while the Dutchmen saw that the two Belgians only had one ticket between them and asked how they managed to achieve this. The Belgians explained that when they heard the conductor approaching from the other end of the carriage, the two of them left their seats, went into the toilet and locked the door. When the conductor knocked on the toilet door, saying, "Tickets, please!", they pushed one ticket under the door. It was then stamped and pushed back under the door again. The Dutchmen thought this was a very good idea and the following morning bought one ticket between them. When they got to their carriage there was only one Belgian. They told him what they had done and asked the Belgian if he had a ticket as he was traveling on his own. The Belgian said he did not have a ticket at all and when they asked how he proposed to manage to travel free of charge, he told them they would have to wait and see until the conductor arrived, but he had no doubt that he would manage it without difficulty. As soon as they heard the conductor coming, the two Dutchmen immediately went to the toilet and locked the door. A few moments later, the Belgian followed them down the corridor and knocked on the toilet door, saying, "Tickets, please!" One ticket appeared under the door. Questions: 1. Where did the story take place 2. What did the two Dutchmen want to know from the two Belgians 3. How did the Dutchmen feel about the Belgians' behavior 4. What did the Belgian do when asked if he had a ticket 5. Who finally managed to travel free of charge Listening 2 Ex1: 1 department store 2. attend college 3. difficult 4. physical education 5. terrified Ex2: FTTFT Scripts: My name is Atsuko Saeki. I work as a salesclerk in a big department store in Fuji, Japan. Six years ago when I was 21 years old, I went to California to attend college. Life in the United States was much more difficult than I had ever imagined. It wasn't like the descriptions I had read in my textbooks. People often seemed tense and so I felt very alone. One of my hardest classes was physical education. We often played volleyball. All the other students were good at it, but I clearly wasn't. One afternoon, the teacher asked me to hit the ball to my classmates. For most people, this would be easy but I was terrified that I would make a fool of myself. When one of the boys on my team saw how nervous I was, he walked up to me and whispered, "Come on, you can do that." You can't imagine how those words of encouragement made me feel. I was so happy that I almost cried. I managed to hit the ball and I think I thanked the young man, but I'm not sure. I have never forgotten his kind words of encouragement. He probably doesn't even remember what he said to me or how much his kindness meant to me. Whenever things aren't going well, I think of those simple words of encouragement: Come on, you can do that.
新编大学英语课后答案 Unit 1 Part One PREPARATION 1. Different Kinds of Personal Relationships STEP ONE parent—child employer—employee clerk—customer husband—wife write—reader driver—passenger teacher—student host—guest buyer—seller doctor—patient boyfriend—girlfriend performer—audience STEP TWO co-workers，colleagues，classmates，roommates，schoolmates，seatmates，playmates，lovers，supervisor，neighbors，co-author... Part Two Post-reading Reading Comprehension 1. 1. 1) A 2) B 3)A 4)A 5) B 6) C 7) A 8) C 2. 1) killed 2) wounded 3) arrived 4) girl 5) badly/seriously 6) blood 7) none 8) American 9) type 10) orphans 11) French 12) difficulty 13) frightened 14) would 15) cried 16) Vietnamese 17) dying 18) understand 19) willing 20) friend 3.（略） Vocabulary 1. 1) reply 2) land 3) pat 4) supplied 5) wound 6) pat 7) replied 8) signed 9) wounded 10) supplies 11) sign 12) balance 13) land 14) balance 2. run: 1) D 2) A 3)C 4)E 5) F 6) B match: 1) E 2) B 3)G 4)D 5) C 6) F 7) A 3. 1) Insert 2) in the balance 3) requests 4) relief 5) let out 6) tiny 7) steady 8) stiff 9) occasional 10) misunderstood 11) limited 12) action Translation 1) I'm tired. I should not have gone to bed so late last night. 2) I don't/didn't know Bob very well, but we go/went out for an occasional drink together. 3) We are supposed to meet her at the train station. 4) You could clearly see people drowning, but/and yet you took no action to save them. 5) Including weekends, there are only twelve more days to buy Christmas presents. 6) Without immediate action, many kinds of wild animals would die from hunger. Part Three FURTHER Development 1Grammar Review
新编大学英语4（浙大版）课后习题答案共同学们欣赏嘎嘎 编辑 | 删除 | 权限设置 | 更多▼ 更多▲ ?设置置顶 ?推荐日志 ?转为私密日志 转载自W～XなK¤转载于2010年03月15日 11:55 阅读(0) 评论(0) 分类：移花接木权限: 公开 Unit1 1. 1) A entertaining B entertainment C entertained D entertainer 2) A recognizable B recognized C recognition D 3) A tempting B temptation C tempt 4) A reasoned B reasoning C reasonable D reason 5) A analyzed B analytical C analyst D analysis 6) A valuable B valuation C valued/values D values 7) A humorist B humor C humorous D humorless 8) A understandable B understanding C understand D misunderstood 2. 1) a sense of responsibility 2) a sense of safety/security 3) a sense of inferiority 4) a sense of superiority 5) a sense of rhythm 6) a sense of justice 7) a sense of shame 8) a sense of helplessness 9) a sense of direction 10) a sense of urgency 3. 1) Lively behavior is normal 2) Fast cars appeal to 3) diverse arguments 4) I asked my boss for clarification 5) sensitive to light 6) Mutual encouragement
课内阅读参考译文及课后习题答案(Book 4) Unit 1 享受幽默—什么东西令人开怀？ 1 听了一个有趣的故事会发笑、很开心，古今中外都一样。这一现象或许同语言本身一样悠久。那么，到底是什么东西会使一个故事或笑话让人感到滑稽可笑的呢？ 2 我是第一次辨识出幽默便喜欢上它的人，因此我曾试图跟学生议论和探讨幽默。这些学生文化差异很大，有来自拉丁美洲的，也有来自中国的。我还认真地思考过一些滑稽有趣的故事。这么做完全是出于自己的喜好。 3 为什么听我讲完一个笑话后，班上有些学生会笑得前仰后合，而其他学生看上去就像刚听我读了天气预报一样呢？显然，有些人对幽默比别人更敏感。而且，我们也发现有的人很善于讲笑话，而有的人要想说一点有趣的事却要费好大的劲。我们都听人说过这样的话：“我喜欢笑话，但我讲不好，也总是记不住。”有些人比别人更有幽默感，就像有些人更具有音乐、数学之类的才能一样。一个真正风趣的人在任何场合都有笑话可讲，而且讲了一个笑话，就会从他记忆里引出一连串的笑话。一个缺乏幽默感的人不可能成为一群人中最受欢迎的人。一个真正有幽默感的人不仅受人喜爱，而且在任何聚会上也往往是人们注意的焦点。这么说是有道理的。 4 甚至有些动物也具有幽默感。我岳母从前经常来我们家，并能住上很长一段时间。通常她不喜欢狗，但却很喜欢布利茨恩—我们养过的一条拉布拉多母猎犬。而且，她们的这种喜欢是相互的。布利茨恩在很小的时候就常常戏弄外祖母，当外祖母坐在起居室里她最喜欢的那张舒适的椅子上时，布利茨恩就故意把她卧室里的一只拖鞋叼到起居室，并在外祖母刚好够不到的地方蹦来跳去，一直逗到外祖母忍不住站起来去拿那只拖鞋。外祖母从椅子上一起来，布利茨恩就迅速跳上那椅子，从它那闪亮的棕色眼睛里掠过一丝拉布拉多式的微笑，无疑是在说：“啊哈，你又上了我的当。” 5 典型的笑话或幽默故事由明显的三部分构成。第一部分是铺垫（即背景），接下来是主干部分（即故事情节），随后便是妙语（即一个出人意料或令人惊讶的结尾）。如果这个妙语含有一定的幽默成分，这个笑话便会很有趣。通常笑话都包含这三部分，而且每部分都必须交代清楚。如果讲故事或说笑话的人使用听众都熟悉的手势和语言，则有助于增强效果。 6 我们可以对幽默这种娱乐形式，进行分析，从而发现究竟是什么使一个有趣的故事或笑话令人发笑。举例来说，最常见的幽默有以下几种，包括了从最显而易见的幽默到比较微妙含蓄的幽默。 7 “滑稽剧”是最明显的幽默。它语言简单、直截了当，常常以取笑他人为乐。说笑打闹这种形式过去是、现在仍然是滑稽说笑演员和小丑的惯用技巧。它为不同年龄、不同文化背景的人们所喜爱。几乎本世纪的每个讲英语的滑稽说笑演员都曾以这样或那样的方式说过下面这则笑话。一位男士问另一位男士：“昨晚我看到的那位和你在一起的贵妇是谁？”那位男士回答道：“那可不是什么贵妇，那是我老婆。”这个笑话的幽默之处在于第二位男士说他的妻子不是一位贵妇，也就是说她不是一个高雅的女人。这个笑话并没有因为经常讲而变得不再那么好笑。由于这是一个经典笑话，观众都知道要说什么，而且因为大家对这个笑话很熟悉而更加珍爱它。 8 中国的相声是一种特殊的滑稽剧。相声中两名中国喜剧演员幽默地谈论诸如官僚主义者、家庭问题或其他一些有关个人的话题。相声随处都能听到，无论是在乡村的小舞台上，还是在北京最大的剧院里，抑或在广播、电视上。它显然是中国人家喻户晓的一种传统的幽默形式。 9 “俏皮话”不像滑稽剧那样浅显，它是因语言的误用或误解而引人发笑。我特别喜欢
Unit 4 Fresh Start In-Class Reading Fresh Start 新的开端 1当我父母开车离去，留下我可怜巴巴地站在停车场上时，我开始寻思我在校园里该做什么。我决定我最想做的就是平安无事地回到宿舍。我感到似乎校园里的每个人都在看着我。我打定主意：竖起耳朵，闭上嘴巴，但愿别人不知道我是新生。 2第二天早上我找到了上第一堂课的教室，大步走了进去。然而，进了教室，我又碰到了一个难题。坐哪儿呢？犹豫再三，我挑了第一排边上的一个座位。3“欢迎你们来听生物101 课，”教授开始上课。天哪，我还以为这里是文学课呢！我的脖子后面直冒冷汗，摸出课程表核对了一下教室——我走对了教室，却走错了教学楼。 4怎么办？上课途中就站起来走出去？教授会不会生气？大家肯定会盯着我看。算了吧。我还是稳坐在座位上，尽量使自己看起来和生物专业的学生一样认真。 5下了课我觉得有点饿，便赶忙去自助食堂。我往托盘里放了些三明治就朝座位走去，就在这时，我无意中踩到了一大滩番茄酱。手中的托盘倾斜了，我失去了平衡。就在我屁股着地的刹那间，我看见自己整个人生在眼前一闪而过，然后终止在大学上课的第一天。 6摔倒后的几秒钟里，我想要是没有人看见我刚才的窘相该有多好啊。但是，食堂里所有的学生都站了起来，鼓掌欢呼，我知道他们不仅看见了刚才的情景，而且下决心要我永远都不会忘掉这一幕。 7接下来的三天里，我独自品尝羞辱，用以果腹的也只是些从宿舍外的售货机上买来的垃圾食品。到了第四天，我感到自己极需补充一些真正意义上的食物。也许三天时间已经足以让校园里的人把我忘在脑后了。于是我去了食堂。 8我好不容易排队取了食物，踮脚走到一张桌子前坐下。突然我听到一阵熟悉的“哗啦”跌倒声。抬头看见一个可怜的家伙遭遇了和我一样的命运。当人们开始像对待我那样鼓掌欢呼的时候，我对他满怀同情。他站起身，咧嘴大笑，双手紧握高举在头顶上，做出胜利的姿势。我料想他会像我一样溜出食堂，可他却转身重新盛一盘食物。就在那一刻，我意识到我把自己看得太重了。
Unit 1 ●Part Two Reading centered activities Pre-reading Reading Comprehension 1.Understanding the structure of the passage Para.1-4 c para.5-7 a para.8-11 b para.12-13 d 2. 1) They would stare at them. 2) He felt embarrassed/ ashamed 3) He never let on. 4) He usually walked there with the help of his son 5) He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station 6) He like basketball, dances, and parties 7) He asked them to sit down and fight with him. 8) He was proud of his son 9) He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him. 10) He learned to have a good heart from his father. 3. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) B 5) D 6) A7) B 8) C 9) D 10) A 4. Understanding the reference Words. 1)the difficulty in coordination the steps 2)whether a person has a good heart 3) a good heart 4)the baseball team 5)sat down to fight 6)what the son has achieved 7)sensed 8)the reluctance to walk with him ●Vocabulary 1. 1) urged 2) halted 3) bother 4) embarrassed 5) adjusted 6) complain 7) kid 8)engage 9)subject 10)saw to it that 11)coordinate 12)participate 2.Word-building patience
Unit 6 Risks Risks and You At some time or other, all of us have played the part of a hypochondriac, imagining that we have some terrible disease on the strength of very minor symptoms. Some people just have to hear about a new disease and they begin checking themselves to see if they may be suffering from it. But fear of disease is not our only fear, and neither is risk of disease the only risk we run. Modern life is full of all manner of threats-to our lives, our peace of mind, our families, and our future. And from these threats come questions that we must pose to ourselves: Is the food I buy safe? Are toys for my children likely to hurt them? Should my family avoid smoked meats? Am I likely to be robbed on vacations? Our uncertainties multiply indefinitely. Anxiety about the risks of life is a bit like hypochondria; in both, the fear or anxiety feeds on partial information. But one sharp difference exists between the two. The hypochondriac can usually turn to a physician to get a definitive clarification of the situation-either you have the suspected disease or you don't. It is much more difficult when anxiety about other forms of risk is concerned, because with many risks, the situation is not as simple. Risks are almost always a matter of probability rather than certainty. You may ask, "Should I wear a seat belt?" If you' re going to have a head-on collision, of course. But what if you get hit from the side and end up trapped inside the vehicle, unable to escape because of a damaged seat belt mechanism? So does this mean that you should spend the extra money for an air bag? Again, in head-on collisions, it may well save your life. But what if the bag accidentally inflates while you are driving down the highway, thus causing an accident that would never have occurred otherwise? All of this is another way of saying that nothing we do is completely safe. There are risks, often potentially serious ones, associated with every hobby we have, every job we take, every food we eat-in other words, with every action. But the fact that there are risks associated with everything we are going to do does not, or should not, reduce us to trembling neurotics. Some actions are riskier than others. The point is to inform ourselves about the relevant risks and then act accordingly. For example, larger cars are generally safer than small ones in collisions. But how much safer? The answer is that you are roughly twice as likely to die in a serious crash in a
Unit 1 Personal Relationship In-Class Reading The Gift of Life 以生命相赠 1 炸弹落在了这个小村庄里。在可怕的越南战争期间，谁也不知道这些炸弹要轰炸什么目标，而它们却落在了一所由传教士办的小孤儿院内。 2 传教士和一两个孩子已经丧生，还有几个孩子受了伤，其中有一个小女孩，8岁左右，双腿被炸伤了。 3 几小时后，医疗救援小组到了。医疗小组由一名年轻的美国海军医生和一名同样年轻的海军护士组成。他们很快发现有个小女孩伤势严重。显然，如果不立即采取行动，她就会因失血过多和休克而死亡。 4 他们明白必须给小女孩输血，但是他们的医药用品很有限，没有血浆，因此需要匹配的血型。快速的血型测定显示两名美国人的血型都不合适。而几个没有受伤的孤儿却有匹配的血型。 5 医生会讲一点越南语，护士会讲一点法语，但只有中学的法语水平。孩子们不会说英语，只会说一点法语。医生和护士用少得可怜的一点共同语言，结合大量的手势，努力向这些受惊吓的孩子们解释说，除非他们能输一些血给自己的小伙伴，否则她将必死无疑。然后他们问孩子们是否有人愿意献血来救小女孩。 6 对医生和护士的请求，孩子们瞪大眼睛，一声不吭。此时小病人生命垂危。然而，只有这些受惊吓的孩子中有人自愿献血，他们才能够得到血。过了好一会儿，一只小手慢慢地举了起来，然后垂了下去，一会儿又举了起来。 7 “噢，谢谢，”护士用法语说。“你叫什么名字？” 8 “兴，”小男孩回答道。 9 兴很快被抱到一张床上，手臂用酒精消毒后，针就扎了进去。在整个过程中，兴僵直地躺着，没有出声。 10 过了一会儿，他发出了一声长长的抽泣，但立即用那只可以活动的手捂住了自己的脸。 11 “兴，疼吗？”医生问。 12 兴默默地摇了摇头，但一会儿忍不住又抽泣起来，并又一次试图掩饰自己的哭声。医生又问是不是插在手臂上的针弄疼了他，兴还是摇了摇头。 13 但现在，偶尔的抽泣变成了持续无声的哭泣。他紧紧地闭着眼睛，用拳头堵住嘴，想竭力忍住哭泣。 14 医疗小组此时非常担忧，因为针不会使他们的小输血者一直感到疼痛。一定是哪里出了问题。恰好这时，一名越南护士前来帮忙。看到小男孩在哭，她用越南话很快地问他原因。听了小男孩的回答后，又立即作了回答。护士一边说，一边俯身轻轻拍着小男孩的头，她的声音亲切柔和。 15 一会儿，小男孩不再哭了，他睁开眼睛，用质疑的目光看着越南护士。护士点了点头，小男孩的脸上马上露出了宽慰的神色。 16 越南护士抬起头平静地对两名美国人说: “他以为自己快死了。他误解了你们。以为你们要他献出所有的血，小女孩才能活下来。” 17 “那他为什么还愿意这么做呢?”海军护士问。 18 越南护士把这个问题向小男孩重复了一遍。小男孩简单地回答道: “她是我的朋友。” 19 他为了朋友甘愿献出自己的生命，没有比这更伟大的爱了。
新编大学英语（第四册）习题答案 Unit1 1. 1) A entertaining B entertainment C entertained D entertainer 2) A recognizable B recognized C recognition D 3) A tempting B temptation C tempt 4) A reasoned B reasoning C reasonable D reason 5) A analyzed B analytical C analyst D analysis 6) A valuable B valuation C valued/values D values 7) A humorist B humor C humorous D humorless 8) A understandable B understanding C understand D misunderstood 2. 1) a sense of responsibility 2) a sense of safety/security 3) a sense of inferiority 4) a sense of superiority 5) a sense of rhythm 6) a sense of justice 7) a sense of shame 8) a sense of helplessness 9) a sense of direction 10) a sense of urgency 3. 1) Lively behavior is normal 2) Fast cars appeal to 3) diverse arguments 4) I asked my boss for clarification 5) sensitive to light 6) Mutual encouragement