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牛津上海版英语四年级上语法(全)

牛津上海版英语四年级上语法(全)
牛津上海版英语四年级上语法(全)

英语笔记(四、五年级)

目录

1.音标……………………………………………………………………(P1-6)

2.反义词…………………………………………………………………(P7)

3.人称代词………………………………………………………………(P8)

4.动名词…………………………………………………………………(P9)

5.可数名词的复数变化形式……………………………………………(P10)

6.星期和月份的词汇……………………………………………………(P11)

7.基数词和序数词的用法………………………………………………(P12)

8.to be 句型……………………………………………………………(P13)

9.含有have/has的句型…………………………………………………(P14)

10.can句型…………………………………………………………………(P15)

11.there be 句型……………………………………………………………(P16)

12.祈使句……………………………………………………………………(P17)

13.to do 句型………………………………………………………………(P18)

14.改写句子1-----否定句……………………………………………………(P19)

15.改写句子2-----一般疑问句及肯定、否定回答…………………………(P20)

16.改写句子3----特殊疑问句………………………………………………(P21)

17.…………………………………………(P )

18.…………………………………………(P )

19.…………………………………………(P )

20.…………………………………………(P )

21.…………………………………………(P )

22.…………………………………………(P )

23.…………………………………………(P )

24.…………………………………………(P )

25.…………………………………………(P )

26.…………………………………………(P )

27.…………………………………………(P )

28.…………………………………………(P )

29.…………………………………………(P )

30.…………………………………………(P )

31.…………………………………………(P )

32.…………………………………………(P )

33.…………………………………………(P )

34.…………………………………………(P )

35.…………………………………………(P )

音标

1. a cake table make Jane plate snake name face place plane

take gate tape taste baby lady paper station favourite ai tail rain rainy train wait

ay day hay gray May may play say way away today birthday hurray

ey they grey survey

ea great break

ei eight

2. a an and at bad bag black can cat catch dad fat hand hat have

has sad jam piano lamp man map stamp stand thank that van

angry apple happy jacket panda rabbit salad taxi traffic

animal family Saturday piano

3. e he me she be we these evening zebra Peter Eva Chinese

Japanese

ee bee feel green knee meet need see seed sheep sleep street tree sweep sweet three keep

ea beach bean clean eat leaf meat peach please read sea tea easy season teacher east

i pizza

ie piece

eo people

4. e /e/ egg bed desk ten pen pencil red seven Ken dress get help left

leg let net next smell tell them then well west when wet yes

clever every jelly letter present question second tennis very

welcome yellow together eleven twelve elephant

ea /e/ bread head weather breakfast heavy

ie /e/ friend

a /e/ any many (只有两个)

5.i like kite bicycle bike Mike nice nine I child climb drive driver

fine hi ice ice-cream mice rice ride shine sign slide smile time

white wild write tiger behind beside library pineapple mine line igh high light night right bright tonight

y by cry dry fly my sky try why

ie tie pie fries

uy buy

eye eye

6.i big pig pink Jim his him is it its playing with stick drink fish

gift give in list milk Miss pick ship sing sit spring swim swing

thin thing this wind biscuit chick chicken children dinner

kitchen listen little sister window winter picture rabbit animal

morning will six slim

y lovely slowly Danny party happy Dolly Tony Kitty very sunny cloudy windy rainy snowy family library busy any many pretty

e puppet basket eleven peaches elephant supermarket toilet pretty

u busy

ey monkey money

7.o old cold go photo rose hold close clothes fold home no nose

rope so those open over hello October piano Flo ow blow bowl slow snow know grow show yellow window rainbow crow

oa boat coat road goat

ou shoulder

oe toe Joe

8.oor poor

our tour

ure sure

9.o dog box shop hot Bonnie cross fox long lot not nod on soft

song stop strong body coffee office doctor chocolate

volleyball October

a want watch what wash

au sausage because

or orange sorry borrow tomorrow

10.u duck sun sunny cut cup Russ run up summer bus but jump

much lunch mum us butter butterfly hungry fun funny number

rubber study Sunday ugly uncle under umbrella trunk us club o love lovely come some sometimes front son brother colour

Monday monkey money mother above become other ou touch rough young cousin

11.ar car card arm art farm dark far hard March park star start

garden party scarf large sharp smart market supermarket

yard Mark

a ask class dance fast glass grass past plant after afternoon

father basketball banana answer bath branch

au aunt laugh

al half

ear heart

12.y /j/ yes year yellow you your young yummy

13.oo /u:/ cool food moon room root school smooth spoon too tooth

zoo afternoon pool

u /u:/ June ruler Judy rule

ue /u:/ blue glue true Sue

o /u:/ do who whose to

ou /u:/ group soup you

ui//u:/ fruit juice

14.u /ju:/ pupil tube music use useful super cute unit supermarket

computer usually tune student

ew /ju:/ new news newspaper

eau /ju:/ beautiful

15.a l all ball call hall small talk tall walk wall always chalk fall

salt salty

or for horse or short corn sport before more tortoise

aw draw seesaw strawberry

au autumn August Laura

ar warm quarter award

oor door floor

our four your yours

a water

augh daughter

16.ir bird girl shirt skirt first sir birthday circle dirty thirsty thirteen

third thirty

er her term

ur nurse turn Thursday purse

or word world work worker

ear learn early

17.o o book cook foot good look football goodbye classroom

u full pull push put sugar bull

o woman wolf

ou would should could

18.a about away woman pizza zebra cinema vegetable banana

e children cinema camera garden

o chocolate computer potato second today together tonight welcome

i beautiful April terrible

u autumn difficult August minus

er after brother clever mother father sister December dinner finger letter number October over river rubber ruler summer

super under water weather afternoon supermarket trousers

computer

or doctor mirror scissors

ar sugar

ur Saturday

19.ou cloud cloudy count house loud aloud mouse mouth out

shout round sound south trousers about ouch

ow cow how now brown down town wow bow owl

20.e ar ear hear near dear fear tear

eer deer beer engineer

ea idea theatre

ere here

21.ere there where

ear bear pear wear

eir their

air air chair hair pair

are share square Clare

ae aeroplane

22.oy boy toy Joyce

oi toilet noise point voice

23.th thin three thank thick thing mouth birthday tooth think third

Thursday throw both north south month thirty thirsty

24.th this that these those they them their there smooth brother

father mother with clothes together weather the then

25.ch chair chick chicken child children China Chinese chocolate

teach teacher beach lunch March much peach touch which

branch

tch watch catch match kitchen

26.sh she sheep shine ship shoe short shoulder show shut brush

shop dish fish push wash wish English rubbish s sure sugar

27.w /w/ wait walk wall want warm water way we week Wednesday

well west wet wild will win wind window windy winter

woman word work world would swim swing sweep sweet

away always

wh /w/ what where white why which when

28.k / k/ park basketball ask worker bike book cook dark lake like

look make kitchen talk walk week work sky

c / k/ cake clean can car coat col

d colour com

e computer cook

cool copy corn count cow cup cut act difficult rectangle

October scarf because become chocolate doctor picnic

picture second

ck / k/ chick chicken jacket back clock rock duck knock pick sock sick quick

ch / k/ school Christmas

* x / ks/ box fox six taxi text next exercise

29.l / l / late leaf let letter light like listen little live look lot loud

slide slow early ruler salad toilet ugly

old film milk wild bowl cool feel girl pool tail ll / l / hello all ball tall doll full bell fall smell tell small wall well will

30.s / s/ sad salad Saturday say sea see seed sell seven six sick sir

sister sit smart smell smile smooth snake snow snowy so

soap son sun soup Sunday sunny August beside desk ask

east list first must past post taste bus mouse us ss /s/ class classroom glass miss Miss grass guess dress cross lesson

c(i),c(e),c(y) /s/ cinema circle city ice December face juice mice nice

office piece place rice twice voice bicycle

31. f / f/ face fall family fan farm fast fat feed feel film find fine first

fold food foot football for four fox full funny after

afternoon often before gift left soft half knife leaf scarf ff / f / off office coffee traffic ( 注:off of )

ph / f/ photo photograph phone telephone

gh / f/ rough/r?f/ laugh / lɑ:f/

32.cl / kl / class clever cloud cloudy climb clock close clothes Clare

circle bicycle

33.pl /pl/ place plane plant plate play plus apple people purple

34.gl /gl/ glass glad glue Gladys gloves triangle rectangle

35.bl /bl/ blue black blow table

36.fl /fl/ flower fly floor flag

37.sl /sl/ slow slowly slide

38.sk /sk/ desk mask ask skate skateboard ski sky scarf sketchbook

Scarlet

39.sp /sp/ wasp crisps spin spinner spider spring sport speak

40.st /st/ toast post postman past last taste stop stand star stay stick

41.dr /dr/ dry dress draw dream drive driver drum

42.pr /pr/ princess prince pretty price present

43.cr /kr/ cream ice-cream cry crayon crow

44.tr /tr/ tree try train true trousers truck traffic travel triangle street

45.h /h/ he how hello hi horse house head hair hold

wh /h/ who whose

46.ts /ts/ cats hats puts gets rats rabbits kites sweets parents

47.s /s/ likes bikes thanks stamps maps cats hats rabbits kites sweets

48.ds /dz/ beds heads friends birds lizards seeds

49.s /z/ use music easy visit knives season close nose walls shoes

uncles bees frogs drivers chickens noodles beds friends

seeds hens

50.n /n/ nine nice fine then not nose ten hen

kn /n/ knife knee knockb

51.ng sing wing swing long young thing morning song wrong

n(k) think thank bank ink blank pink trunk monkey

n(g) hungry English

52.s usually usual

s(ure) pleasure

s(ion) television vision

53.j job jump jeep jam Jim Jack juice juicy judge Japan

Japanese

g orange age cage page giraffe sausage

dge bridge fridge judge

语法1:反义词

1. big 大的-----small 小的

2. tall高的----short矮的

3. long长的---short短的

4. fat胖的----thin瘦的

5. new新的----old旧的

6. young年轻的---old老的

7. yes是---no不是8. on在…上---under在…下

9. hard硬的—soft软的10. rough粗糙的---smooth光滑的

11. open打开---close关闭12. sit坐---stand站

13. white白的---black黑的14. this这---that那

15. fast快的---slow慢的16. fast快地---slowly慢地

17. hot热的---cold冷的18. cool凉爽的---warm温暖的

19. come来--- go去20. in在…里---out在…外

21. come in进来---go out出去22. good好的---bad坏的

23. clean干净的---dirty脏的24. up向上---down向下

25. here这里---there那里26. happy 开心的---sad 伤心的

27. wet 湿的---dry 干的28. put on 穿上---take off 脱下

29. thin细的,薄的---thick粗的,厚的30. beautiful/nice---ugly 丑的

31. these 这些---those那些32. sweet甜的---bitter苦的/sour/salty

33. after在…之后---before在…之前34. hungry饿的---full饱的

35 full 满的---empty 空的36. afraid 害怕的---brave 勇敢的

37. funny有趣的---boring无聊的38. bright明亮的---dark黑暗的

39. light轻的--heavy 重的40. behind 在…后面--in front of 在…前面

41. turn on打开--turn off 关闭42. turn up 调高--turn down调低

43. easy容易的—difficult难的44. busy忙的---free空闲的

45. right 右边---left 左边46. right 对的---wrong 错的

47. ask问---answer 回答48. sharp尖的,锋利的---blunt 钝的

49. strong强壮的---weak虚弱的50. many许多---few 很少(+可数)

51. much许多---little很少(+不可数)52. first 首先---last最后

53. buy 买---sell卖54. north北方---south 南方

55. west 西方---east东方56.

语法2:人称代词

用法:

1.主格可用于句子的主语,也就是句子里说的是谁,通常在句子的开头。

2.宾格用作句子的宾语,通常用在介词和行为动词的后面。

如:Look at me. Listen to him. (at, to 都是介词,后面用宾格)

Here’s a cake for you. (for是介词)

I like playing with her. (with是介词)

I like them. Let us sing together. (like, let都是动词,后面也用宾格)

Can you see them? No, but I can hear them. (see, hear是动词)

Touch it. Smell them. (touch, smell是动词)

3. 所有格也叫形容词性物主代词,用来形容某样东西是谁的,中文意思里都有

个“的”字,所以不能单独使用,后面一定要加上名词一样东西。

如:This is my dog. (my 后面加上了名词dog)

Our teacher is happy today.

His face is round.

4. 名词性物主代词= 形容词性物主代词+名词,它起名词的作用,在句子中为避

免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+名词”的形式。在使用名词性物主代词时,必须有特定的语言环境,也就是要省略的名词大家已经知道,在前面已经提起过。

如:My bag is yellow. Her bag is red. His bag is blue and your bag is pink.

可以这样说:My bag is yellow. Hers is red. His is blue and yours is pink.

语法3:动名词

动名词也叫现在分词,就是在行为动词后面+ing的形式,加了ing后它的词性从动词变成了名词,表示一件事情,它可以用在like或go的后面,表示喜欢做某件事或去做某件事,也可以用在be动词后面构成现在进行时态,表示某人正在做某事。

要记住双写动名词有这些:

hop ---hopping skip---skipping stop---stopping

shop---shopping clap---clapping

sit---sitting cut---cutting get---getting put---putting swim---swimming

run---running spin---spinning begin---beginning(开始)

例:I like eating hamburgers. (= I like to eat hamburgers.)

Kitty likes playing with her cat. (= Kitty likes to play with her cat.)

You can go skating in winter.

The children go swimming in summer.

语法4:可数名词的复数变化形式

已学的可数名词单数变复数的形式可以归纳为8种情况:

1. 直接+ s 如:apple---apples boy---boys

2. 词尾字母是s, x, sh, ch的名词要+es

如:dress---dresses box---boxes fish---fishes peach---peaches

3. 词尾两个字母是辅音字母+y的名词,要去y再+ies

如:baby---babies butterfly---butterflies

library---libraries family---families

4. 词尾字母是f或fe的名词,要去掉f或fe再+ves

如:leaf (叶子) ---leaves wolf (狼) ---wolves knife(小刀) ---knives

5. 单词中的oo变为ee,已学过的记住三个:

foot(脚) ---feet tooth(牙齿) ---teeth goose(鹅) ---geese

6. 把a改成e:man---men snowman---snowmen postman---postmen

policeman---policemen woman(女人) ---women

7. 特殊变化:mouse---mice child---children

8. 单复数同形(单数和复数是一样的)

如:sheep---sheep deer(小鹿) ---deer people(人) ---people Chinese(中国人) ---Chinese Japanese(日本人) ---Japanese

fish---fish(此时鱼是可数的)

语法5:星期和月份的词汇

week 星期day 天,日子year 年month 月date 日期星期:Sunday 星期日Monday 星期一Tuesday 星期二Wednesday 星期三Thursday 星期四Friday 星期五

Saturday 星期六

(记住:星期日是一个星期的第一天,而星期六是最后一天)

月份:January 一月February二月March 三月April 四月May 五月June 六月

July 七月August 八月September九月

October 十月November十一月December十二月

语法6:基数词和序数词

语法7:基数词和序数词的用法

1.基数词用来表示数量,如:one flower, two trees, three boys ….

2.序数词用来表示顺序,中文意思为“第几”,通常前面要加the。

3.大多数序数词是由基数词+th构成,但我们要记住几个特殊的变化形式,其它

只要加th就可以了。

4.特殊变化的形式有:

first 第一second 第二third 第三fifth 第五

eighth 第八ninth 第九(nine去e加th)

twelfth 第十二(先把twelve的ve改成f再加th)

twentieth 第二十(先把twenty的y改成ie再加th,所有的整十数都是这样改) twenty-first 第二十一twenty-second 第二十二twenty-third 第二十三( 21以上的两位数的序数词,十位上的数不变,只要个位上的数变成相应的序数词就可以了)

5.序数词常用于日期表达中,日期可以有两种表达方式:

①月份+the+序数词如:June the first(6/1), January the second(1/2)

②the+序数词+of+月份如:the first of June, the second of January

6.介词in和on在时间前都表示“在”,具体用法如下:

①在具体某一天用on,

如:在星期天on Sunday 在六月一日on June the first或on the first of June

②在几月份用in ,在什么年份也用in,

如:在一月in January 在二月in February 在1998年in 1998

7.提问星期几用What day is it? 今天是星期几?

提问日期(几月几号)用What’s the date? (date 日期)

语法8 to be 句型

含有be动词的句子我们称之为to be 句型,be动词有三个,am, is, are, 意思都表示“是”,用法记儿歌:我用am,你用are,is用于他、她、它,我们、你们和他们,表示复数都用are。

am I

是is 第三人称单数(除了我和你,其他一个人或一样东西,)are I , you 和复数

改写句子:

1.I am a student.

否定句:I am not a student.

一般疑问句:Are you a student? (提问时肯定句中的“我”要改成“你”)肯定回答:Yes, I am. 否定回答:No, I’m not. (问“你”回答用“我”)划线提问○1:Who is a student? (who也是三单,be动词要用is)

划线提问○2:What are you? (你是干什么的?=What do you do?)

2.The student is in the classroom.

否定句:The student isn’t in the classroom.

一疑句:Is the student in the classroom?

两答:Yes, he/ she is. No, he/ she isn’t.

划线提问:Where is the student?

3.We are tired.

否定句:We aren’t tired.

一疑句:Are you tired? (提问时要把“我们”变“你们”)

两答:Yes, we are. No, we aren’t. (问“你们”回答用“我们”)

划线提问:How are you? (或How do you feel?)

语法9:含有have/has的句型

have/has有多种含义,其中最常用的是表示“有”、“吃、喝”、“进行”等,根据不同的意思,改变句型时也会有不同的改法。

1.当句中的have/has表示“有”时,我们称之为to have句型,此时have/has 后面无论有没有got都可以把have/has看作是关键词,改写句子时只要在have/has 上做文章就可以了。

如:○1The students have a new teacher. 否:The students haven’t a new teacher.

一疑:Have the students a new teacher? 两答:Yes, they have. No, they haven’t.

划线提问:Who has a new teacher? (who是三单后面要用has)

○2My sister has got some books. 否:My sister hasn’t got any books.

一疑:Has your sister got any books? 两答:Yes, she has. No, she hasn’t.

划线提问:What has your sister got?

2.当句中的have/has表示一个动作“吃、喝”“进行”“举行”“上课”等意思时,它就是to do句型,此时have/has就是一个动词,不再是关键词,改写句子时就要借助于助动词do或does来进行改写。

如:○1We have a picnic in spring. 否:We don’t have a picnic in spring.

一疑:Do you have a picnic in spring? 两答:Yes, we do. No, we don’t.

划线提问:What do you do in spring?你们在春天干什么?(两个do的意思不一样) ○2Mary has some bread. 否:Mary doesn’t have any bread.(注:has变have) 一疑:Does Mary have any bread? 两答:Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.

划线提问:What does Mary have? Mary 吃了什么?(does出现has变原形have)

当have/has后面有got时只能表示“有”,也只能用第1种方式进行改写句子。当have/has后面没有got但也表示“有”时,用第1、2两种方式都可以改写句子,而当have/has表示一个动作时,只能用第2种方式改写句子,大家要学会灵活运用。

窍门:观察句子中有没有got,有got的句子have、has只能解释为“有”它们就是关键词,没有got就把句子当成to do句型用do或does来改。

语法10:can句型

1. can表示:能,会,可以,属于情态动词(can, may, must都是情态动词)。

2. 肯定句的句子结构:主语+can+行为动词原形

(主语是指这句话里主要讲谁或什么东西;行为动词是指一个动作)

如:I can draw a flower. ( I 是主语,draw是行为动词原形)

The boys can play football. (The boys是主语,play是动词原形)

3. 否定句:主语+can’t+ 行为动词原形(can’t =can not)

如:I can draw a flower. I can’t draw a flower.

4. 一般疑问句:Can + 主语+ 行为动词原形+ ?

(也就是把can提前到句子开头就可以了,最后别忘加上问号?)

回答有两种:肯定回答:Yes, 人称代词+ can.

否定回答:No, 人称代词+ can’t.

(要牢记:can来提问,can来回答。)

如:The boys can play football.

Can the boys play football? Yes, they can. / No, they can’t.

5. 特殊疑问句:当划线部分是动词时,要注意在提问时要用do来代替划线

部分出现在问句中。

如:I can sing a song. What can you do?

The boys can draw a dog. What can the boys draw?

The boys can draw a dog. What can the boys do?

The boys can draw a dog. Who can draw a dog?

My sister can ride a bicycle on the road.

Where can your sister ride a bicycle?

语法11:there be 句型

there be 句型表示“在某处有某物”,跟to have 句型的“某人有某物”是有区别的,大家千万别把这两种句型的含义搞错。

**there be 的肯定句结构:There is/are +量词+名词+地点.

具体有两种情况:

1.there is 后面加可数名词单数或不可数名词。

如:There is an apple on the plate.

There is some bread and some apples on the table.

(and连接两样东西时,要用就近原则,也就是只要看and前面的东西,后

面有多少东西都不用管)

2.There are 后面加可数名词的复数形式。

如:There are three books on my desk.

There are ten chicks and a pig on the farm.

there be句型的改写句子:

否定句:在is或are后面加not,如遇some改成any

一疑句:把is或are提前,如遇some也要改成any

两答:Yes, there is/are. No, there is/are not. (必须用there来回答)

特殊疑问句只有两种:

1.划线部分只是量词时,用How much或How many提问

结构:How much+不可数名词+is there +地点?(表示:有多少量)

How many +可数(复)+are there +地点?(表示:有多少个) 如:There is some water in the bottle. (water不可数用How much提问) How much water is there in the bottle?(多少水)

There is an orange bag on the chair. (可数的用How many提问)

How many orange bags are there on the chair?(有多少个桔色的包)(当提问可数名词的数量时,无论原句是单数还是复数,提问时都要改

成复数形式来提问,也就是How many后面一定要加可数名词的复数。)

2.划线部分是量词和名词时,无论是可数还是不可数,单数还是复数,只用

一种结构提问:What’s +地点?在某地方有什么?

如:There is some water in the bottle. What’s in the bottle?

There is an orange bag on the chair. What’s on the chair?

There are ten lovely chicks under the tree. What’s under the tree?

当问句是What’s +地点?这个结构时,答句一定要用There be句型如:What’s in your hand? There is a pencil.

但如果问句是What’this in your hand? It’s a pencil. 问句结构主要是What’s this? 不是What’s +地点?所以不能用There be 句型回答。

语法12:祈使句

1. 含义:祈使句是指命令、要求、请求、建议或劝告某人做某事的句子。它的

主语其实是you,但通常是省略掉的,只用行为动词的原形来开头,有时会配上please表示客气、婉转的语气,please可以放在句首,也可以放在句尾,放在句尾时前面有逗号(,)。如:

Stand up, please. = Please stand up.

Do your homework, please. = Please do your homework.

Be quiet, please. = Please be quiet. 请保持安静。(quiet安静的) (第三句中没有行为动词,只有形容词quiet,所以这样的句子只能在形容词前配上be动词原形be,才能构成祈使句)

Be careful! 小心点!Be happy! 开心点!

2. 祈使句的否定句:只要在行为动词原形前面加上don’t就可以了。

如:Please stand up. Please don’t stand up.

Do your homework, please. 请做你的回家作业。

Don’t do your homework, please. 请不要做你的回家作业。

Be quiet, please. Don’t be quiet, please.

Please have an apple. Please don’t have an apple.

(此句中的have意思是“吃”)

注意点:please的位置不能随便搬,原句里它在哪儿改好的句子里也在哪儿。

语法13 :to do 句型

To do 句型中没有be动词,没有have/ has,也没有can,它用于叙述一般性的情况和某人的习惯、爱好等,句子结构只是由主语和行为动词组成,不同的主语,行为动词会发生变化。

1.当主语是第一、二人称以及复数人称时,句子结构:

肯定句:主语+行为动词原形+其它。I walk to school.

否定句:主语+don’t+行为动词原形+其它。I don’t walk to school.

一疑句:Do+主语+行为动词原形+其它?Do you walk to school?

两答:Yes, 人称代词+do. / No, 人称代词+don’t. Yes, I do. /No, I don’t.

2.当主语是第三人称单数时,句子结构:

肯定句:主语+行为动词的三单形式(+s或es)+其它。He walks to school.

否定句:主语+doesn’t+行为动词原形+其它。He doesn’t walk to school.

一疑句:Does+主语+行为动词原形+其它?Does he walk to school?

两答:Yes, 人称代词+does. / No, 人称代词+doesn’t.

Yes, he does./ No, he doesn’t.

(记住:do来提问do来回答,does来提问does来回答)

注:行为动词的三单形式就是在行为动词后面+s或es,要记住行为动词的三单形式只在主语是三单的肯定句中出现,其它句子中都不会出现的,要注意观察句子的主语是否是三单,另外句子类型是否是肯定句,才可以用行为动词的三单形式。

does,就要把动词的三单形式“打回”原形!

(我们曾经学过的like,want,need等句型都属于to do句型)

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一、阅读改错 A butterfly is an insect. It lays eggs. The eggs are small and white. The eggs become caterpillars. They eat leaves. They make little houses. They are cocoons. They are brown. When the cocoon opens, a butterfly comes out. ( ) 1、The eggs are big and white. ( ) 2、The egg eats leaves. ( ) 3、The cocoons are white. ( ) 4、Butterflies come out of cocoons. ( ) 5、The caterpillars make cocoons. 二、要求写句子 1. There are five birds in the tree. (对画线部分提问) 2. I can see some juice in the bottle. (改成一般疑问句) 3. I like model ships. (改成否定句) 4. There is a cat behind the door. (对画线部分提问) 5. The masks are forty yuan. (对画线部分提问) 6. The boy can play the guitar. (对画线部分提问) 7. I like tiger masks. (对画线部分提问) 三、选择 ( ) 1. They are going to the restaurant by A. a taxi B. the taxi C. taxi ( ) 2. My brother to school at seven o’clock in the morning. A. is going B. go C. goes ( ) 3. Kitty needs uniform for school .A. a B. an C. the ( ) 4. Look! Our classroom is on the __________ . A. second floor B. two floor C. two floors ( ) 5. This doll too old. I need a new A. ones B. one C. that one . ( ) 6. The traffic light . “Stop” ! A. is red man B. red C. is red ( ) 7. ——washes his face at six o’clock in the morning . A. Danny B. Danny and Ben C. They ( ) 8. We like and leaves .A. some fruit B. fruits C. fruit ( ) 9.The are going to the underground statain . A. Lis B. Mr Li C. Li ( ) 10. My birthday is on of January . A. the twenty-first B. the twentieth-first C. the twenty-one 选择对应的回答 ()1、What is this monkey doing? ()2、How much is that ball ? ()3、How is Kitty, Mary ? ()4、What do you like ? ()5、How many children ? A、She is sick today. B、One hundred . C、It’s eating a banana. D、Ninety yuan . E、Bananas . 填进适当的词 1、Ben and his ______ (家庭) are in the sitting-room. 2、There aren’t ______ (一些) sofas in the sitting-room. 3、Now ,follow ______ (我),please. 4、We’re having a Music _______(课). 5、They like (做) model planes. 6、We ______(需要) some flowers and vases. 7、--What do you like? -- I like ______(马).

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单词音标释义单词音标释义autumn ['?:t?m] 秋天swing [swi?]摇摆,秋千rubber ['r?b?] 橡皮balloon [b?'lu:n] 气球colour ['k?l?] 颜色postman ['p?ustm?n] 邮差fisherman ['fi??m?n] 渔民;渔夫building ['bildi?]建筑物present ['preznt] 赠品;礼物toothbrush ['tu:θbr??] 牙刷chopsticks ['t??pstiks] 筷子plate [pleit] 盘子spoon [spu:n] 勺子breakfast ['brekf?st] 早餐umbrella [?m'brel?] 伞queen [kwi:n] 皇后playground ['pleiɡraund] 操场triangle ['trai??ɡl] 三角形library ['laibr?ri] 图书馆shape [?eip] 形状square [skwε?] 正方形、广场sandwich ['s?nwid?] 三明治camera ['k?m?r?] 照相机telephone ['telif?un] 手机、电话pineapple ['pain,?pl] 菠萝strawberry ['str?:b?ri] 草莓skateboard ['skeitb:d] 滑板beautiful ['bju:tiful] 美丽blouse [blauz] (女)短上衣,衬衫quiet ['kwai?t] 安静raindrop ['reindr?p] 雨滴season ['si:z?n] 季节classmate ['klɑ:smeit] 同学dentist ['dentist] 牙医engine ['end?in] 引擎waitress ['weitris] 女服务员branch [brɑ:nt?] 树枝sharp [?ɑ:p] 尖锐地shoulder ['??uld?] 肩strong [str??] 强壮bookshop ['buk??p] 书店chocolate ['t??k?lit] 巧克力climb [klaim] 爬coffee ['k?fi] 咖啡exercise ['eks?saiz] 练习fountain ['fauntin] 喷水池rectangle ['rek,t??ɡl] 长方形sunglasses ['s?n,ɡlɑ:siz] 太阳眼镜supermarket ['sju:p?,mɑ:kit] 超市answer ['ɑ:ns?,] 答案question ['kwest??n] 问题rubbish ['r?bi?] 垃圾blind [blaind] 瞎的blunt [bl?nt] 钝的hamburger ['h?mb?:ɡ?] 汉堡包kitchen ['kit?in] 厨房bathroom ['bɑ:θrum]浴室restaurant ['rest?r??]餐馆

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牛津上海版英语四年级上语法全)

英语笔记
(四、五年级)
目录
1. 音标……………………………………………………………………(P1-6) 2. 反义词…………………………………………………………………(P7) 3. 人称代词………………………………………………………………(P8) 4. 动名词…………………………………………………………………(P9) 5. 可数名词的复数变化形式……………………………………………(P10)
6. 《 7. 星期和月份的词汇……………………………………………………(P11) 8. 基数词和序数词的用法………………………………………………(P12) 9. to be 句型……………………………………………………………(P13) 10. 含有 have/has 的句型…………………………………………………(P14) 11. can 句型…………………………………………………………………(P15) 12. there be 句型……………………………………………………………(P16) 13. 祈使句……………………………………………………………………(P17) 14. to do 句型………………………………………………………………(P18)
15. 。 16. 改写句子 1-----否定句……………………………………………………(P19) 17. 改写句子 2-----一般疑问句及肯定、否定回答…………………………(P20) 18. 改写句子 3----特殊疑问句………………………………………………(P21)
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20.
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