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全新版大学英语综合教程标准答案

全新版大学英语综合教程答案

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Appendix I

Key to Exercises (Units 1-8)

Unit 1

Part I Pre-reading Task

Script for the recording:

Have you ever heard of the pop singer, John Lennon? Here he is singing a song he wrote for his son. It's called Beautiful Boy.

Close your eyes

Have no rear

The monster s tone

He's on the run and your daddy's here

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful

Beautiful boy

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful

Beautiful boy

Before you go to sleep Say a

little prayer

1 John Lennon (1940-1980): First became famous as a singer and guitarist in the Beatles, a British rock group, writing many of their most successful hits. Later he left the group, but continued to be popular as a singer and songwriter.

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66 -Appendix I

Every day in every way

It's getting better and better

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful

Beautiful boy

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful

Beautiful boy

Out on the ocean sailing away

I can hardly wait

To see you come of age

But I guess we’ll both just have to be patient

‘Cause it's a long way to go A bard row to hoe

Yes it's a long way to go

But in the meantime

Before you cross the street

Take my band

Life is what happens to you

While you're busy making other plans

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful

Beautiful boy

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful

Beautiful boy

Before you go to sleep Say a little

prayer Every day in every way It's

getting better and better

1 A hard row to hoe: To hoe is to use a special farming tool, a hoe, to clear small weeds and break up the surface of the soil.

The row referred to is a row of plants.

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Appendix I- $9 -

Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful

Beautiful boy

Darling, darling, darling

Darling Sean

You've just heard John Lennon singing a lullaby to his son Sean. A lullaby is a song we sing to help babies to go to sleep. So he tells Sean "Close your eyes, have no fear, your Daddy's here." Then he looks into the future. He sees his son setting out on life's adventure:

Out on the ocean sailing away

And he can hardly wait to see his son grow up, to reach eighteen when he comes of age and celebrates becoming an adult. But he knows they'll both have to be patient

Cause it'a long way to go A

hard row to hoe

Growing up can be difficult. At times it can, as we say, be a hard row to hoe. It's a phrase we use to describe any difficult task.

But if growing up is sometimes hard, it is also full of surprises. Things happen when we least expect them:

Lire is what happens to you

While you're busy making other plans

I think you'll find the stories you are going to read in this unit show that John Lennon was right: growing up can be quite an adventure, full of the unexpected.

As for John Lennon, sadly he never did live to see his son grow up and come of age, for John was shot dead by a madman in New York while Sean was still only five years old.

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- 90 -Appendix I

Part II Text A

Text

organization l.

Paragraphs Headings

1Baker's feelings about English courses

2Baker's impression of his new English teacher

3 A topic that attracts Baker's attention

4Vivid memories the title brought back

5Baker's sudden desire to write about that topic

6Anticipating punishment

7Mr. Fleagle's announcement

8Classmates' response to the essay

9What Baker discovered

2.

Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas

Part i Paras 1-2Baker was bored by everything associated with English

courses, including essay writing.

Part II Paras 3-5Baker found himself attracted by one particular topic

and wrote about it for his own joy.

Part III Paras 6-9The experience of writing the essay helped him discover

his talent for writing and realize what he wished to do in

life.

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Appendix I- 91 -

Vocabulary

I. 1. 1) arguments2) put ... down

3) sequence4) rigid

5) tedious6) hold back

7) reputation8) distribute

9) off and on10) vivid

11) associate ... with12) congratulations

13) finally14) turn in/turn out

15) tackle

2. 1) George has been assigned to the newspaper's Paris office.

2)There is a possibility that his wish to become a writer will come true.

3)She had a clear image of how she would look in twenty years' time.

4)When the officer gave the command the soldiers opened fire.

5)As long as people keep buying bikes we'll keep turning them out.

3. 1) Mr. Green is very dull as a lecturer. He's rigid and old fashioned, and doesn't seem to have

the faintest idea of how to inspire. I always get bored with / by his lectures.

2)Alan's essays are long and tedious to read. What's more, his arguments are often based on out

of date ideas.

3)I was pleasantly surprised at my ability to compose an essay that the professor chose to read to

the class. It was without doubt one of the happiest moments in my school career, but I did my best to avoid showing pleasure. When the professor offered me his congratulations, however, I could hardly hold back a smile.

II. Synonyms in Context

1. composed

2. severe

3. agony

4. extraordinary

5. recall

6. command

7. was violating8. anticipate

III. Collocation

1. at

2. for

3. of

4. with

5. as

6. about

7. to8. in, in

7

8 - 92 - Appendix I

9. from 10. on/upon

Structure

1. 1) Russell Baker is reported to live today with his wife in Virginia. 2) They are said to be building another bridge across the river.

3) Only a few students in Mr. Parker's composition class are said to have really captured the essence of the essay.

4) Those love poems were believed to have been composed by an English poet of the sixteenth century.

2. 1) as you suggested 2) as I told you to

3) exactly as I was

4) as you have described them to me Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

(A)

1. hold back 3. tedious 5. recall

7. arguments

9. turn out/turn in (B) 1. that 3. black 5. at

7. different 9. On

11. answer 13. wrong 15. Thus

II. Translation

Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn't know how to face

2. congratulations 4. scanned 6. vivid

8. off and on 10. career

2. after

4. kids/children 6. for/of 8. So 10. she

12

. assignment/book 14

. proved 16.

myself

9 Appendix I - 93 -

up to the fact that she would never ( be able to) walk again.

One day, while scanning (through ) books, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired. Susan made up her mind to read as much as she could, and what's more, she wanted to write stories about her own childhood. Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.

Part III TextB

Comprehension Check l.b 2. a 3. c 4. c 5.b 6. c

Translation

(参见 Appendix HI) Language Practice 1. on purpose 3. comprises 5. assumed 7. generally 9. represent 11. voluntary 13. motioned 15. decent

Part IV Theme-related Language Learning Tasks

Model paper

A memorable Experience

On the morning of the college entrance test I rode a bike to the school where I would take the

2. in advance 4. adjusting to 6. think up 8. clashes 10. evil

12. in the meantime 14. appeal

- 94 -Appendix I

examination.

Less than halfway between my house and the school, disaster struck. My bike hit a nail and the front tyre went flat. I pushed the bike along the streets, looking for a repair shop. Minutes passed but still there was none to be found. When I looked at my watch, I went wild with worry: there were only fifteen minutes left before the examination began, and the nearest bus stop was a long way off. Not knowing what to do, I stood still by the side of the road, tears welling up in my eyes. Then a car pulled in and I heard a voice asking what the matter was. When he heard my story, the driver offered me a lift. Thank to his kindness, I arrived just in time. And so here I am today.( 157 words)

Unit 2

Part I Pre-reading Task

Script for the recording:

Just what are friends for? To have fun with, of course, to share in the good times. Yet most people would say that a real friend is more than just a fair weather friend. A fair weather friend? A fair weather friend is someone who's happy to stay with you when things are going well but leaves as soon as trouble arrives, while a good friend, a true friend, is one who'll stand by you when you find yourself in difficulties. That's certainly what the American pop singer Dionne Warwick thinks. As she tells her friend

... you can always count on me,

For sure, that's what friends are for,

For good times,an bad times,

I’ 11 be on your side f orevermore.

But she sings it better than I can say it. So let's listen to her as she sings her song That's What Friends Are For.

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