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Unit 1

1. We have a problem with the computer system (计算机系统), but I think it’s fairly minor(比较小).

2. My father died when I was too young to live on my own(独立生活). The people of my hometown took over (responsibility for) my upbringing at that point (就在那时).

3. The toys have to meet strict/ tough safety requirements(达到严格的安全要求) before they can be sold to children.

4. Radio and television have supplemented rather than (而不是)replaced the newspaper as carriers of news and opinion(新闻和舆论).

5. When it comes to (至于)this magazine, it is/ carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world(世界各地).

A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about(梦寐以求). She quit an executive position and opened/ set up a household device store(开了一家家用器具商店)in her neighborhood. People like Nancy made the decision(决定)primarily for the improvement in the quality of their lives.

But, to run a small business on a small scale(经营小本生意) is by no means an easy job. Without her steady income(没有稳定的收入), Nancy had to cut back on her daily expense(削减日常开支). Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premium for the various kinds of insurance(各种保险)she needed.

Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time (度过了最困难的时期). She is determined to continue pursuing(决心继续追求) her vision of a better life.

Unit 2

1. Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis(全球金融危机), we are still confident that we can face up to(面对) the challenge and overcome the crisis.

2. Under threat of (在……威胁下)constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.

3. According to a recent online survey(最近的网上调查), a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials(电视广告中).

4. Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste(被污染的的废弃物) alongside the river, the old man reported to the police(向警方报告) at once.

5. Some scientists hold to the firm conviction (坚信) that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields(提高产量) and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.

Shortly after he achieved freedom (在他获得自由之后不久) Henson became intent on(一心一意) assisting fugitive slaves. He secretly returned to the United States from Canada several times to help others to travel the Underground Railroad to freedom. Once some slave catchers closed in on the escaping slaves and Henson when they were on the run(在逃跑时). He disguised them and successfully avoided capture. Later he built a small settlement in Dresden in Canada for escaped slaves, setting up a chapel and a school(建立教堂和学校). He held to the conviction (坚信)that slavery would be abolished, and the day was bound to come (一定会到来) when racial discrimination no longer (不再) existed.

Unit 3

1. The Internet is changing the way people live(改变人们的生活方式), (no matter) whether they are in urban or rural areas (在城市或农村).

2. Medium-sized and small companies(中小公司) are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis(全球经济危机) than large ones.

3. With regard to (关于)our term paper, the professor asked us to analyze the unemployment chart first, and then provide critical reflections on the nation’s economic development(经济发展).

4. It never occurred to him (想到) that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin(大比分).

5. Looking back on(回顾) my twenty years’ teaching in high school, I attribute my success to (把我的成功归结于)patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.

It is almost impossible to keep a determined burglar out. All you can do is discourage him for a few minutes. Thus exposing him to police patrols. Common sense tells us(常识告诉我们) that lighting is a barrier to criminal activity(犯罪活动的障碍物). A light should be fixed in the doorway and switched on at night. Make sure/Assure yourself (确保)that you don't leave the door on the latch(不上锁) if you happen to be the last to come in. If you decide to buy a sophisticated electronic alarm system(电子报警装置),be sure to ask for(别忘了索要) its signs and put them up on both windows and doors.In addition (此外)you may have it hooked up to a police station(连接到警署).

Unit 4

1. The volunteers sent/assigned by the Red Cross disinfected,with great caution(非常小心地), the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plagu e(避免爆发瘟疫).

2. Einstein spent many years trying to unify (试图结合) the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed.

3. Professor Wang received/won the Presidential Award(获得校长奖)for his excellence in stimulating students' creative imagination(创造性想象力).

4. As there were some major design flaws(设计上的重大缺陷), the board of directors didn't approve of (同意) the economic stimulus package.

5. Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion(得出结论) that he had to face reality(面对现实)and take up/meet the challenge by himself.

What was remarkable (最不寻常的事)about 2005 was perhaps that the UN declared it "The World Year of Physics". It was the 100th anniversary of(100周年) Einstein's theory of relativity (相对论) and the 50th anniversary of his death. In 1905 Einstein published five highly important essays in the history of science(科学史上), thus revolutionizing physics. His great achievements can be credited to(归功于) his impressive powers of imagination, constant questioning, and not giving a fig for authority(对权威的漠视). It is beyond doubt(毫无疑问) that Einstein was the greatest scientist in the 20th century(20世纪).

Unit 5

1. Grandma took it for granted that(想当然地认为) food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice. 2, I can quote you several instances of her dedication to scienc e(献身科学的精神).

3. The 1980s saw the start of the swift development (迅速发展) of some special economic zones(经济特区) in China.

4. Tension between the two countries stemmed in part from (部分源于)the latest spy affair.

5. Peter has worked in a law firm (律师事务所)for many years. You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf when you need legal help(法律援助).

Amid the atmosphere of Thanksgiving, rather than joining his friends in celebration of the holiday, George was immersed in(沉浸于) the diary left to him by his father, who died at sea (在海上去世)after he completed two successive trips around the world(世界各地). The diary brought back(使他回忆起)every moment George had spent with his father and many of the specific things his father did on his behalf. George's father used to impress on him (向他强调)the need to undergo all kinds of hardship in quest of excellence(追求卓越). He also taught him that nothing in the world could be taken for granted (认为理所当然). Even today, George still remembers how his father would quote Aesop's famous saying "Gratitude is the sign of noble souls" and tell him to accord the greatest importance to it.

Unit 6

1. The red house stands out against the old trees that reach high up to the sky.

2. The salary in // for my new job is great, but for the rest, I’m not satisfied.

3. The waters of the two streams mingle near our village.

4. We should not mock at other people’s religious beliefs.

5. The curtains of the room are not quite in tune with the style of the furniture.

Here and there we see young artists who stand out from other people. They may be in worn-out jeans all the year round, or walk barefoot // in bare feet even in winter, or drink to excess, or cling to the fancy of creating a masterpiece without actually doing any creative work.

Unit 7

1. I grew terribly scared when I heard sound of footsteps echoing round the hallway at midnight yesterday.

2. The name-brand sports shoes are guaranteed for 12 months.

3. Snowstorms threw communications and transportation into disorder.

4. I’ve been suffering a lot of stress from work altely. I feel like taking a vacation at the seaside.

5. Living in an apartment is all right, but it has its limitations---for example, you do n’t have your own garden.

Tom was born a cripple, with one of his lower limbs useless. Early in his childhood, he learned that unless he so exerted himself as to rise above his limitations, he could not earn a living, and unless he succeeded in making a living on his own, he could not win/gain the respect of others. That was the price he had to pay for his dignity as a human being.

Tom applied for numerous jobs, only to be turned down, before he finally got one as a delivery boy for a Pizza Hut. He then worked as a sales representative for a sportwear company in a territory no one else would want. Today he owns a fairly profitable retail shop in his hometown, and hires several people to work for him.

Unit 8

1. Medical experts debated whether the cloning of human beings should be permitted and what its potential effects on society might be.

2. Eighty-five per cent of the people in the local area are in full-time employment; only3% describe themselves as unemployed.

3. The departments concerned in China will speed up legislation to protect rights of migrant workers.

4. In recent years, some psychologists have tried to explain intelligence from a biological standpoint.

5. The global financial crisis has had a huge impact on that country’s export industry. I n no more than six months, many factories have closed down by necessity.

Dolly the sheep resulted from a cloning experiment by a group of Scottish scientists in 1997. A fierce debate on human cloning has ever since been going on. This contentious issue had focused on ethical and social implications of the technology: what the technology might do to the very meaning of human reproduction, child rearing, individuality, et cetera.

The majority of scientists are adamantly opposed to reproductive cloning and support therapeutic cloning for treating diseases. The reason is that therapeutic cloning does not involve any type of risk to human life and actually provides tremendous potential for the relief of suffering in human beings. Scientists believe that with policies and monitoring in place to ensure that therapeutic cloning is used safely, we canal benefit from this procedure.

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