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1. bare

2. empty

3. empty

4. bare

5. empty



1. shortly

2.track down



5.at the sight of

6.feel like


8.rang out


10.made for




1. host

2. sprang up/rang out

3. impulse

4. came to

5. track down

6. unexpected

7. outgrow

8. widened

9. shortly

10. emerge / spring up

11. at the sight of

12. made for

13. crisis

14. colonial


1. Jimmy has outgrown the shirts his aunt made for him a few years ago.

2. Does the doctor think the elderly lady is likely to survive the operation / it is likely

that the elderly lady

will survive the


3. The other day your

cousin paid us an

unexpected visit.

4. Don't you see the nurse

motioning us to be silent?

5. Her face lit up with

joy at his return.

6. The sound of her

footsteps grew fainter as

she walked farther away.



Additional advantageous

Anxious conditional

Courageous curious

Dangerous educational

Emotional famous

Industrial intentional

Medical mountionous

Musical mysterious

National occasional

Personal practical


Heated colored

pigtailed gifted

bearded pointed

experienced aged

skilled diseased


1.The people questioned

gave very different

opinions on the issue.

2. Can you see the man

climbing on that rock?

3. Several days passed

before they came up with

a satisfactory solution

to the problems discussed.

4. We were woken early by

the sound of the birds


5. The chairman made it

clear that those

objecting should explain

their reasons.

6. After a day’s work, I

felt I had little energy


7. I knew of some of the

athletes taking part.

8. The success obtained

surprised those who had

given up the project as



1. During the time that

2. As long as

3. Although

4. as long as

5. whereas

6. Although

7. whereas

8. Although

1. They frightened the

child into telling the


2. He tricked her into

marrying him by

pretending that he was

the son of a millionaire.

3. My tactless words

forced the old gentleman

into buying something he

could not possibly afford.

4. He finally talked me

into accepting his terms.

5. The girl persuaded her

father into giving up


6. Their severe criticism shocked her into realizing her selfishness.

1. Guests are to be back in the hotel by twelve o’clock.

2. An investigation is to be made next week.

3. I am to meet them at the airport.

4. You are to finish your homework before you watch TV.

5. The medicine is to be taken three times a day after meals.

6. Bob and Susan are to get married in October 八)





















12.however 13.do

















1.do the cooking

3.hardly thought so

3.settled down

4.half expected


6.boiled over

7.why things were so









Their argument ended when

she slammed the door and

left without a word.

2. 出席晚宴的客人对那个



The guests at the dinner

party were slightly

surprised at the

commanding tone of the


3. 约翰尼已长大成熟,不


Johnny has outgrown the

fear of staying at home


4. 当全部乘客都向出口处

(exit) 走去时,他却独自



While all the other

passengers made for the

exit, he alone remained

in his seat as if

unwilling to leave the


5. 这封信必须交给威尔逊


The letter is to be handed

to Dr. Wilson himself.

6. 南希虽然很想参加辩


While she felt like

joining in the argument,

Nancy was too shy to open

her mouth.

7. 你觉得什么时候最有可


What do you think is the

likeliest time to find

him at home?

8. 猎人一看见有只狐狸从


(lay) 的陷阱 (trap) 方



The hunter’s face lit up

with excitement as soon

as he saw a fox emerge

from among the bushes and

run in the direction of /

make for the trap he had



1)Besides Except Besides

2)Have received Accepted Received Accept

3)Discovered Was invented Discovered Invented

1) alike

2) asleep

3) alive

4) awake

5) alone

6) astir

1) conflict with

2) superior to

3) resented

4) left behind/left (my car keys) behind

5) error

6) rejected

7) created

8) obtained

9) above all

10) perpetual



3)in existence


5)owes to

6) Acting on

7) leaving to

8) went out of her way

9) has been appointed

10) judgments

11) influence

12) humble

1) Many authors use a false name when they publish their books. 2) The origin of human

life on earth is now

believed to have been in


3) The book was

translated from Chinese

into English under the

personal super vision of

the author

4) In spite of the

personal participation

of the President, the

conference failed to

produce agreement.

5) Many Americans prefer

to travel by car over any

other means of


6) Watches made in your

factory are far superior

in quality to those

turned out in theirs.

1) a wait-and-see


2) a life-and-death


3) a down-to-earth spirit

4) an out-and-out lie

5) an out-of-the-way

mountain village

6) a face-to-face talk

7) a divide-and-rule


8) up-to-date machines

9) word-for-word


10) a



1) self-conscious

2) self-sufficient

3) self-educated

4) self-respecting

5) self-supporting

6) self-made

1) frightened

2) be heightened

3) strengthen

4) lengthening/

5) to be lengthened

6) hastened heartened

1) In his youth

2) A 17-year-old youth

3) The youth of our

country have

4) Some youths

5) Youth is

6) The youth of the 21st

century have

1) Although advanced in

years, Thomas Edison

remained as active and

creative as many young


2) While still at college,

Miss Leacock had her

first novel published.

3) A tiger cannot be tamed

unless caught very young.

4) The old lady carrying

a basketful of eggs was

run down by a taxi when

crossing the street.

5) I am sure Mr. White's

latest play, once staged,

will prove to be a great


6) Ben is fully aware that

if not properly managed,

his shirt factory will have to close down in less than a year.

1) Paul could not dance, nor could he sing.

2) I was not satisfied with her explanation, nor were my classmates.

3) My brother Joe never learned to swim, nor does he intend to start now.

4) They didn't invite me, nor did they invite my parents.

5) Cathy had hardly said

a word since supper, nor had her husband.

6) Mr. Owen didn't know then what had happened, nor did he ever find out.

1) It was Jefferson who wrote the Declaration of Independence.

2) It is with genuine feeling that the author praises all that is progressive.

3) It was on the beach that Miss White found the child lying dead.

4) It was because the water had risen that we could not cross the river.

5) It was Jim, a heartless fellow, who was heard shouting at his mother in the dead of night.

6) It was not until I told her that Mrs. Williams knew anything about it.

1) Paul considered himself fortunate to have

been admitted to Harvard


2) Don't you think it good

for us to remember

Jefferson's emphasis

upon knowledge as a basis

for action?

3) Today people find it

impossible for one person

to learn what needs to be

known about all subjects.

4) His duty fulfilled,

Henry felt a great weight

taken off his mind.

5) Alice considered

herself lucky that she

was not injured in the


6) The Chinese working

class made its strength

felt by playing the main

role in the

May 4th Movement.

1) action

2) obtain

3) humble

4) origins

5) go out of one's way

6) conflict

7) acted on

8) owe much to

9) left behind

1) before

2) aged

3) following

4) Now

5) lying

6) for

7) that

8) as

9) in

10) that

11) might

12) life

13) away

14) saved

15) was

16) given

17) does

18) the

19) done

20) more

21) in

22) and

1) guided

2) In fact

3) a second term

4) shape

5) independence

6) served as

7) Constitution

8) honored

9) The nation's capital

10) celebrated


1) 会上有人建议任命一个



It was suggested at the

meeting that a committee

of eleven be appointed to

make a new constitution.

2) 这些青年科学家通过现



By making on-the-spot

observations, the young

scientists obtained

first-hand information

they needed in their

research work.

3) 他很可能会因视力不好


It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.

4) 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址 (location) 这一


The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.

5) 亨利创作的艺术品在许多方面比他兄弟的要好。Henry's works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother's.

6) 我们产品质量的稳步提



The steady rise in the

quality of our products

owes much to the

improvement of our


7) 吉姆本想按照自己的判




Jim would have preferred

to act on his own judgment,

but he didn't because as

a soldier he had to obey

the order.

8) 如果让我来决定我们是





Were it left to me to

decide whether we should

have a city without bikes

or one without cars, I

should not hesitate a

moment to prefer the



1)were short of

2)attached any importance to

3)have applied for

4)consists of



7)Judging by






1) salary

2) prospect

3) in turn

4) smelled of

5) depressed

6) suburb

7) stale

8) protested

9) incompetent

10) interview

11) Having little in common 12) disapproval

13) advertise

14) plus

1) A résumé generally

consists of personal

information, work

experience and

educational background.

2) In today's job market,

importance is attached to

practical experience as

well as formal education.

3) The pay for this type

of work ranges from ten to

fifteen dollars per hour

4) The thought of having

to take the exam again

depressed me./ I was

depressed at the thought

of having to take the exam


5) Tony and his brother

have little in common

except that they share

the same interest in

cricket./ Tony and his

brother have little in

common except their

shared interest in


6) England, Wales,

Scotland and Northern

Ireland constitute the

United Kingdom.

1) unlock

2) unpacked

3) undo

4) unfolded

5) unsay

6) undressed

1) a blue-eyed girl

2) a kind-hearted woman

3) a simple-minded young


4) a double-faced guy/a

double-faced fellow

5) a long-haired rabbit

6) a white-haired girl

7) a left-handed person

8) a red-tailed bird

9) a narrow-minded man

10) a short-sighted woman

1) smells lovely/smells sweet

2) could smell cigarettes

3) Smell the milk

4) smells stale

5) smells of wine

6) can smell something burning

7) was smelling a ball of wool

8) smell of fish/smelt of fish/smelled of fish

1) surprising/surprise

2) surprised

3) excited interested

4) frightened

5) bored closing

6) closed

7) frightening

8) winning

9) amusing thinking

10) lost

1) The rumour proved (to be) true.

2) The experiment proved (to be) a success in the end.

3) The student proved (to be) much brighter than he had first appeared.

4) His experiences on the farm proved (to be) a turning point in his writing career.

1) I could say "Thank you"

2) I had time to look over my answers 3) most of the students

understood the first


4) I could stop him

1) the letter must have

been written by a small


2) they are probably


3) he might have failed in

his English exam

4) the performance must

be a great success

1) advertised

2) local

3) slim

4) apply

5) disapproval

6) consisted of

7) attached importance

8) Obviously

9) in common

10) salary

11) prospect

1) Out

2) apply

3) others

4) know



6) single

7) a

8) at

9) behind

10) careful

11) to



13) when

14) questions

15) polite

16) rest/others

17) floor

18) placed

19) turn

20) When

21) noticed

22) brushed

23) nails

24) excellent

25) more

1) hiring

2) link

3) college graduate

4) somewhere

5) find out

6) checked with his


7) he'd be right for the


8) eagerness

9) left me with only one

other question

10) call on


1. She got a post as a

cashier at a local bank.

But she was soon fired

because she proved to be





2. It is

obviously/clearly his

young assistant who is

running the book store.



3. No sooner had the

proposal been announced

at the meeting than she

got to her feet to protest.


4. Bill has applied to Harvard University for a teaching assistantship, but his chances of getting it are slim.



5. Being short of funds, they are trying to attract foreign capital.



6. The room smells of

stale air. It must have

been vacant for a long




7. As far as hobbies are

concerned, Jane and her

sister have little in





8. It is self-evident

that the education of the

young is vital to the

future of a country.





1) few

2) A little

3) little

4) few

5) a few little

6) a few few

7) little

8) few

1) function

2) corresponded with each other

3) immune to

4) at ease

5) displayed

6) approach

7) puzzle

8) a household word

9) capable of carrying out

10) so much so that

1) a series of

2) approaches

3) are pursuing

4) ambition

5) fame

6) come to terms with

7) work out

8) singled out 9) personality

10) taken apart

11) at ease

12) observe

13) modest

14) application

15) curiosity

16) solutions

1) He writes exclusively

for the "Washington Post".

2) The friendship your

people have for our

people impressed me

deeply during my visit in

your country./ I was

deeply impressed during

my visit in your country

by the friendship your

people have for our


3) It took Joe a long time

to come to terms with the

fact that he would no

longer be able to go

sailing again.

4) Jim's grandfather

believes more in fresh

air and exercise than in


5) Owing to his poor

education he was

frustrated in his attempt

to find a good job.

6) Most American cities

are relatively small in

terms of population when

compared to Chinese

cities like Shanghai and


1) emotional

2) angry

3) atomic

4) exclusive

5) famous

6) jealous

7) safe

8) simple

9) important

10) valuable

11) central

12) delightful/delighted

13) feasible

14) fortunate

15) personal

16) capable

17) sandy

18) original

19) curious

20) easy

1) typewriter

2) honeymoon

3) airport

4) schoolmaster

5) necklace

6) eyesight

7) loudspeaker

8) sunrise

9) heartbeat

10) blood-test

11) motorcycle

12) crossroad

13) spaceship

14) superpower

15) lifeboat

16) rainstorm


handbook/handmade/hands aw/handshake/handwork/h andwriting


housebreaker/housekeep/ housekeeper/house arrest/housemate/housew ork


workbook/workday/workma te/workshop/worksite/wo rktable


bookkeeper/bookmark/boo k

review/bookseller/books helf/bookstall


riverside/roadside/beds ide/dockside/inside/out side

6) classroom/living room/reading room/waiting


room/dark room

1) a drop of blood

2) a grain of wheat

3) a length of rope

4) a lump of sugar

5) a ball of string

6) a block of marble

7) a roll of toilet paper

8) a helping of pie

9) a blanket of heavy mist

10) a slice of beef

1) Joe's father was seen

to return after dark.

2) The wind was heard to

roar through the trees.

3) I don't think Tom can

be made to take the boss's


4) The young man was seen

to enter the building

next to the bank.

5) When she was in

Shanghai the actress was

heard to say she had long

thought of this city as

her second home.

6) After the minister of

education had finished

speaking at the press

conference, he was made

to answer all sorts of


1) The doctor advised

(that) Mike (should) stay

in hospital until he was

fully recovered.

2) Cathy's father

insisted (that) she

(should) take a two-week

rest before going back to


3) The chairman of the

Trade Union suggested

(that) a special

committee (should) be set

up to look into the

problem./ The chairman of

the Trade Union suggested

(that) they set up a

special committee to look

into the problem.

4) The commander ordered

(that) our company

(should) start the attack

before dawn.

5) Knowing Jack to be

dishonest, I demanded

(that) he (should) tell

me nothing but the truth.

6) The dean of the

philosophy department

requested (that) the

visiting scholar (should)

give a lecture on Sartre.

1) bewildered

2) impressed

3) modest

4) profound

5) displayed

6) ambition

7) singled out

8) puzzle

9) capable

10) at ease

1) by

2) with

3) listened

4) gave

5) told

6) lecture

7) sure

8) Why

9) for

10) agreed

11) two

12) hall

13) before

14) place

15) began

16) single

17) success

18) people

19) shaking

20) followed

21) before

22) stopped

23) a

24) listened

25) not

26) nodded

27) did

28) thought

29) but

30) order

31) was

32) answer

1) childhood

2) a slow start

3) mathematics

4) grew up

5) devote himself to research

6) world-famous

7) explain

8) you think it's two hours

9) the physical world

10) conquer


1) 那小女孩跑得太快,身


The little girl ran so

fast that she was thrown

off balance and fell over

/ down.

2) 他致力于研究工作的精

神 (devotion to research)




I was impressed by his

devotion to research but

I did not have the

slightest interest in his

profound theories.

3) 千万别说可能会被人误


Be sure not to say

anything capable of being


4) 我被他们互相矛盾的意



I was so bewildered by

their conflicting advice

that I did not know how to

act/what to do.

5) 起初,这个复杂问题使




At first this complicated

problem frustrated them,

but after thinking it

over carefully they

finally worked out a


6) 体育代表团团长在少先



The head of the sports

delegation beamed with

delight when a young

pioneer presented him

with a bunch of flowers.

7) 这学期我们都学习得不




I really don't see why our

English teacher should

single out our monitor

for praise since we have

all done quite well this


8) 我相信比较高级的|

(higher) |动物是由比较低


而来|(develop from)|的


I believe in the theory

that the higher animals

developed from the lower









7)b 8)c

1)makes up


3) perspectives

4) from year to year

5) poisonous

6) liberate

7) crept

8) transparent

9) to make matters worse

10) consume

11) be replaced

12) interior

13) has disappeared

14) came about

1) has served as

2) may do harm to

3) makes up

4) convert them into

5) in all likelihood

6) from year to year

7) compete with for

8) is essential to

1) poisonous

2) joy

3) treacherous

4) religious

5) prosperous

6) spontaneous

7) humorous

8) mysterious

9) jealousy

10) curious

11) cautious

12) ridiculous

13) ambition

14) generous

15) virtue

16) error

1) fast-growing

2) fast-moving

3) good-looking

4) far-reaching

5) outstanding

6) ill-fitting

7) high-sounding

8) everlasting

1) ill-planned

2) well-paid

3) well-designed

4) well-read

5) newly-wed

6) well-meant 7) widespread

8) far-fetched

1) at first

2) firstly/first

3) First of all

4) first of all/first

5) firstly

6) first

7) at first

8) at first

1) A ballet dancer who

does not practice every

day loses a lot of skill,

as does a musician.

2) Almost all the

teachers at the training

centre were women, as

were the majority of the


3) The first lines

gripped him; as did the

next verse; and then the

whole poem.

4) Isaac watched her

winning smile, as did

every man in the group.

5) Anyone a ccompanying a

disabled person will be

admitted to the meeting,

as will guide dogs.

6) The second individual

session began with a

review of the homework

assignment, as did all


1) It is believed that

between 50,000 and

100,000 people in this

country, who are free of

symptoms, are likely to

be carrying the HIV virus.

2) During this period, it

is estimated that half a

million people were

killed in the communal

violence that flooded the


3) When it is discovered

that a substance harms

women's reproductive

health, women of

childbearing age are

usually kept from jobs

that might expose them to


4) Official figures give

average class sizes as

forty to fifty, but it is

reported that in the

rural areas there are

often seventy to eighty

children in a class.

1) apparent

2) disappear

3) pressure

4) widespread

5) collapse

6) alternative

7) does us no harm

8) tissue

9) liberate

10) visible

11) radiation

12) by itself

13) consume

14) in all likelihood

1) grow

2) hotter

3) seem

4) run

5) fall

6) melt

7) means

8) away

9) retreat

10) to

11) necessarily

12) possible

13) so

14) exist

15) gained

16) though

17) found

18) another

19) piled

20) stay

21) causing

22) flooded

23) farther

1) planet's

2) average

3) directly

4) temperature

5) too cold for most life

6) In fact, it is frozen

7) thick

8) hot enough to melt lead

9) The Earth absorbs most of the energy that reaches its surface and re-emits it as heat

10) In doing so, we are setting the stage for a warmer Earth


1) 如果富有的国家多花些钱搞绿色工业,而不是去建立军事机器和制造核武



If the rich countries

spent more money on green

industries, instead of on

building up military

machines and nuclear

weapons, many of today's

widespread pollution

problems would gradually


2) 烧煤的时候,不仅消耗



The burning of coal not

only consumes the oxygen

in the house but also

gives out poisonous gases.

3) 显然,找到替代能源对



Apparently, finding

alternative energy

sources is essential to

the steady development of

our economy.

4) 太阳能电池(solar



Solar cells can absorb

sunlight and convert it

into electricity.

5) 如果地球上的温度继续






If the temperature on the

Earth continues to go up

from year to year, the

polar ice caps will begin

to melt and, in all

likelihood, half of the

buildings in coastal

cities will disappear

beneath splashing sea


6) 因为这些生物很小并



Because these creatures

are small and tend to hide

beneath leafy plants,

they are not always

visible to the naked eye.

7) 由于受到原子辐射,他


As a result of exposure to

atomic radiation, he

finally collapsed at work.

8) 有明显的证据表明工作



There is distinct

evidence of the

connection between heavy

pressure of work and some

disorders of the body.


1) live with

2) resolve

3) encounter

4) sole

5) drawing to a close

6) anticipated 7) dwelt on

8) sat on

9) had butterflies in his


10) conceited

1) open up

2) relaxed

3) emergency

4) concluded

5) live with

6) at one time or another

7) particular

8) surgery

9) was sweating

10) competently

11) in advance

12) in practice

1) I was confident that I would win the race. /I was confident of winning the race.

2) With determination and hard work, you are bound to succeed eventually.

3) The burglar walked very fast in order to avoid being seen by the policeman behind.

4) Driving a car after drinking alcohol will inevitably lead to an accident or arrest by the police.

5) You must take (full) responsibility for losing the money.

6) Great success at such an early age made the young businessman quite a conceited fellow.


1) absence

2) efficiency


independence/independen cy

4) silence

5) confidence

6) patience

7) distance

8) competence/competency

9) frequence/frequency

10) presence

11) importance 12)


13) constancy

14) emergence/emergency

15) evidence

1) efficiency

2) emergency

3) absence

4) confidence

5) frequency

6) distance

7) presence

8) independence

1) have enriched

2) had enjoyed

3) ensured

4) endeared

5) enabled

6) endanger

7) enlarge

8) have been embodied

9) empower

10) entitle

1) I'll get you one

2) I'm thinking of

getting a new one

3) must buy some bigger


4) The one at the front

5) have eaten all the soft


6) decided to catch a

later one

7) I want to borrow one

8) the ones you had on


1) Once a good beginning

is made

2) Once you understand

these rules

3) Once he makes a promise

4) Once they are put down

in black and white/Once

put down in black and


5) once you get into the

habit of smoking

6) Once she began to write

in English

1) I had a lot of trouble

getting the car started

this morning.

2) You won't have much

difficulty getting to

know people in Italy.

3) The conceited young

man said he had no

difficulty whatsoever

reading technical


4) To the teacher's

surprise, most of the

students in his class had

little difficulty

working out the hard

maths problems.

5) Did you have any

trouble finding the

butterfly specimen Prof.

Nolen wanted?

6) The shepherds had a

great deal of trouble

driving the sheep to a

place of safety in the


1) Einstein is so famous

that there is no one who

doesn't know him.

2) There is almost

nothing that his dog

won't eat.

3) There is no one who

doesn't make any mistakes in his lifetime.

4) There is no goal that you cannot obtain so long as you have an honest attitude and a strong will.

5) There is nobody here who won't lend you a helping hand when you find yourself in difficulty.

6) John is called Mr. Fix It because there is almost nothing that he cannot fix.

1) surgical

2) confident

3) dwell on

4) emergency

5) sweat

6) competent

7) at one time or another

8) relax


1) from

2) examined

3) nothing

4) trouble

5) much

6) same

7) ago

8) advice

9) you

10) pay

11) worry

12) followed

13) again

14) quite

15) that

16) tailor B

1) how

2) answer

3) cut

4) surgeon

5) had

6) over

7) only

8) found

9) by

10) got

11) then

12) saying

13) around

1) By most standards

2) distance

3) diseases

4) considered

5) a different way of

practicing medicine

6) show concern for

7) stand apart from

8) grows

9) by my first name

10) satisfying


1) 只要你不断努力,你迟


If / As long as you keep

(on) trying, you will be

able to resolve this

difficult problem sooner

or later.

2) 我们预料我们的计划会

受到抵制 (resistance)。

We anticipate

encountering / that we

will encounter

resistance to our plan /

our plan will meet with


3) 吉姆的朋友说,他们那



Jim's friends said that

the noise pollution in

their city was terrible,

but they had to live with


4) 汤姆起初认为,凭他的




At first Tom thought that

with his knowledge, skill

and experience he was

bound to find a

satisfactory job.

5) 冷静耐心地处理这个微

妙 (delicate) 问题是明


It would be wise /

advisable to handle this

delicate problem with

calmness and patience.

6) 迪克以为,如果他拆不



Dick thought that if he

wasn't able to take the

machine apart, chances

were that no other worker

in the plant could,


7) 你是否认为公共汽车司



Do you think bus drivers

should take full

responsibility for the

passengers' safety?

8) 你不必再去多想那些判



You needn't dwell on your

mistakes in judgment any

more. What's important is to try your best to avoid repeating them. Unit7答案

1) peered

2) right off/right away

3) tough

4) checks on/checks in on

5) take to

6) waging

7) extending

8) impact

9) established

10) abandon

11) confront

12) ran into

13) raged

14) get through to

1) tragedies

2) has


3) cautious

4) took to

5) talk back

6) take a stand

7) exploded

8) have stepped

up/stepped up

9) get through to

10) fuss

11) vacant

12) stream

13) drifted

14) challenges

15) property

1) Famine followed the war, one tragedy after another.

2) We're praying for good weather for tomorrow's cricket match.

3) This sofa can be extended into a bed. 4) The Jackson family

have occupied this gray

row house for two and a

half years.

5) It was reading his

books that prompted me to

write to him.

6) Are you positive the

hospital has no vacant


1) dirty

2) stormy

3) healthy

4) muddy

5) rainy

6) sunny

7) smoky

8) noisy

1) reorganized

2) rearrangement

3) reassembled

4) replace

5) reunion

6) regain

7) repay

8) reconsideration

1) in several different


2) the right way of

saying/the right way to


3) the wrong way

4) the way/the way

that/the way in which

5) way of telling his


6) her way

7) that way

8) his way of helping the


1) speaking

2) to pay

3) being dropped becoming

4) to leave

5) to fight

6) moving

7) spending

8) to be

1) It is / was the first

time (that) Tommy has /

had talked back to his


2) It is / was the first

time (that) I have / had

ever been in a plane.

3) It is / was the first

time (that) John has / had

spoken in public.

4) It is / was the first

time (that) she has / had

ever taken a strong stand

against raising taxes.

1) moved in

2) waged

3) property

4) take a stand

5) drifted

6) tragedy

7) prompt

8) impact

9) took to

10) got through to

11) ran into

12) fussing

1) Judging

2) Confronted

3) change

4) You

5) treated

6) But

7) set

8) never

9) called/named

10) boy's

11) your

12) the

13) on

14) make

15) bring

16) through

17) later

18) showing

1) cigarette

2) two and a half packs

3) lung cancer

4) influence

5) pull a blanket over my head

6) suffering

7) decision

8) affect

9) prospect

10) sharing his experience

翻译1) 在当地政府的领导下,



Under the l eadership of

the local government, the

villagers rose to the

serious food crisis

caused by the floods

2) 这个展览会很受欢迎,


The exhibition is very

popular and is attracting

a steady stream of


3) 妈妈上楼来查看我们这



When Mom came upstairs to

check on us kids, I turned

over and pretended to be


4) 对阿姆斯特德来说,向




Waging a battle against

the drug pushers was a

challenge to Armstead.

She felt rather nervous

but she decided to

confront them.

5) 老太太叫我小心些,不



The old lady told me to be

cautious and not to talk

to the guys hanging out on

the street corner.

6) 一个卫生组织促使地方



A health organization

prompted the local

government to raise a


fund for a new hospital.

7) 那个曾放火烧教堂的男



Opening the door, the man

who had set fire to the

church found himself

confronted by a dozen

policemen with guns.

8) 据报道,燃烧了两个多



It is reported that the

fire which raged for more

than two hours started in

an abandoned warehouse /



1) decrease

2) outside

3) plus

4) vague

5) hard

6) empty

7) thin

8) fall

9) exclusive

10) clever 11) light

12) present

13) false

14) stale

15) pull

16) at least

17) minor

18) alive/living

19) relatively

20) narrow

1) is on the rise

2) numerous

3) was launched

4) come to no good

end/come to bad ends

5) different from

6) go down

7) being hard on/being so

hard on the child

8) an indication

9) possess

10) a case in point

1) out of style

2) In the case of

3) overnight

4) on the other hand

5) evidence

6) clue

7) incident

8) corresponding

9) contagious

10) lay in

11) anyway

12) reinforced

13) behavior

1) We think of the Great Wall of China as one of the wonders of the world.

2) Medical scientists have long recognized that heart disease is linked to cigarette smoking. 3) San Francisco and Shanghai are both major seaports and financial centers, but unlike Shanghai, San Francisco is hilly and surrounded by water on three sides.

4) An increase in investments will lead to a corresponding rise in profits in times of rapid economic growth.

5) The size of the prize tempted many people to enter the competition.

6) All the ca ndidates for the position must meet the requirement of successful completion of secondary school.

1) disagreement

2) disadvantage

3) disappear

4) disapprove

5) misbehave

6) discomfort

7) miscount

8) discontented

9) discontinue

10) disclose

11) misdeed

12) misdirect

13) misfortune

14) misguide

15) dishearten

16) dishonor

17) misjudge

18) mislead

19) disobey

20) disorder

21) misprint

22) misspelling

23) mistranslate

24) misunderstanding

1) overpraised

2) overate

3) overwork

4) overcrowded

5) overweight

6) overloading

7) overanxious

8) Overpopulation

1) shoe repairers

2) clothes shops

3) cigarette packets

4) customs duties

5) child welfare

6) arms control

7) a salesperson/a sales


8) a ticket office

1) Helen will have that

dress altered to fit her.

2) It was Qin Shi Huang

who had all the walls

joined up.

3) I had my meals brought

to me when I was ill in bed

with a bad cold.

4) He had three of his

teeth knocked out in the


5) Bill had his hat blown

off when (he was)

crossing the bridge.

6) The sleeping cat lay

too near the fire and had

its tail slightly burned.

1) Our team is likely to

win the game.

2) Davis is not likely to

get home before dark.

3) These old buildings

are very likely to be

knocked down in a year or


4) As the young man is

very short of money, he is

likely to apply for the

dangerous job advertised

in the paper.

5) The old lady was even

less likely to survive

the operation if she got

any worse.

6) As Nancy is one of the

best tennis players on

the school team, she is

most likely to be singled

out for special training.

1) The wish of the

scientists is to find new resources for mankind.

2) Her goal in life is to work hard for the happiness of all people in the world.

3) The object of my visit was to consult your uncle as to how I could learn English better.

4) Jefferson's / His purpose in making

on-the-spot observations of the James River was to find out whether its South Branch was deep enough to be used by large boats.

5) No. My approach is not to learn everything about something, but rather to learn something about everything.

1) evidence

2) on the rise

3) behavior

4) launched

5) campaigns

6) contagious

7) Numerous

8) linked

9) unlike

10) reinforced

1) pair

2) never

3) very

4) won

5) On

6) happened

7) when

8) along

9) stopped 10) help

11) to

12) station

13) found

14) gone

15) lying

16) this

17) recognized

18) back

19) like

20) strong

21) fists

22) got

23) never

24) on

1) computer games

2) was getting married

3) hesitated

4) Unfortunately

5) Worse still

6) forever

7) positive

8) property

9) learn a lesson

10) it's too bad I won't

be able to replace it


1) 巨额投资(investment)



Vast amounts of

investment have enabled

the economy of the area to

grow rapidly.

2) 他们为新建一所医院开


They launched a campaign

to raise money for a new


3) 成功在于勤奋



Success lies in diligence.

Dr. Nolen is a case in


4) 他们都具有很高的道德



Men of high moral

standards, they are never

to be tempted into taking

such expensive gifts.

5) 有迹象表明,不少工厂


There are indications

that numerous factories

are faced with a very

difficult situation.

6) 警方找到谁是罪犯的重



The police arrested the

criminal on a charge of

armed robbery several

hours after they found an

important clue to his


7) 调查显示,对某些人来



Investigation has

revealed that retirement

tends to cause

psychological troubles

for some people.

8) 医疗队并没有一味抱怨





The medical team did more

than complain about the

relatively poor working

conditions at the local

hospital. For instance,

several doctors bought

simple medical instruments with their own money. Unit9答案

1) make so much fuss over

2) is worthy of

3) for sure

4) granted

5) heartily

6) picked out

7) took it for granted

8) what has gone wrong

9) by my estimate

10) highly

1) complacent

2) academic

3) hastened

4) intelligence

5) tried on

6) devise

7) verbal

8) uneasy

9) explored

10) registered

11) aptitude

12) evaluation

1) We'll win for sure.

2) Do you think the tall buildings in Shenzhen look similar to / are similar in appearance to the skyscrapers in Manhattan, New York?

3) The number of mistakes determines the mark you will receive in an examination.

4) I keep telling myself never to take anything for granted.

5) The final cost of the house was a lot higher than the builder's original estimate. 6) Mrs. Park had an uneasy

suspicion that her son

was really guilty as


1) from under

2) from behind

3) from among

4) except on

5) until after

6) except for

7) except to

8) until after

1) rosy cheeks

2) healthy activities

3) a fussy man/a fussy


4) a cloudy sky

5) a funny story

6) watery eyes

7) hearty wishes

8) wavy hair/wavy curl

9) tasty food

10) a lengthy speech

11) a silv ery voice

12) sunny days

13) a snowy winter

14) a noisy classroom

1) subconsciousness

2) subcommittee

3) subtitle

4) substandard

5) subcontinent

6) subaverage

7) subplot

8) sublevel

1) ad

2) plane

3) auto

4) bike

5) doc

6) dorm

7) exam

8) kilo

9) lab

10) math/maths

11) taxi/cab

12) zoo

1) intelligent

2) intellectual

3) intelligent

4) intellectuals

5) intellectual

1) How long did he tell

you he waited?

2) Which mountain did

they say they tried to


3) When do you suggest we

meet again?

4) How many passengers do

you suppose the boat


5) Where did they say the

ancient coins were found?

6) Who do you think will

be the likeliest

candidate for the


7) Why do you guess he

chose to remain single?

8) What do you expect he

will buy as Christmas

presents for his children?

1) The fact that he works

hard does not necessarily

mean that he is a

competent leader.

2) His explanation that he didn't see the notice is unsatisfactory.

3) The fact that he cheated on exams was revealed in the end.

4) Most of us don't agree with his view that there is no advantage in introducing the new method.

5) The news that he won the first gold medal at the 23rd Olympic Games soon spread throughout the country.

6) His suggestion that intelligence is a relative matter is not universally accepted. 7) He seconded my motion that the vote be postponed.

8) There can be no doubt that Suzy is the right person for the job.

1) We all thought it a pity that you were unable to attend our meeting.

2) We consider it important that you should mind your manners.

3) He didn't want it to be known that he was too ill to go on working.

4) I regard it as important that every one of you should finish your homework on time.

5) He took it for granted that his father would come to his help if he got into trouble. 6) We thought it highly

probable that he might

change his mind at the

last minute.

7) I think it likely that

the train will be delayed

by the dense fog.

8) The doctor thinks it

advisable that you stop


1) explores

2) aptitude

3) normal

4) highly

5) worthy of

6) academic

7) Intelligence

8) evaluation

9) aptitude

10) taken for granted

1) in

2) example/instance

3) repairman

4) because

5) embarrassed

6) cause

7) which

8) cleaned

9) owned

10) of/about/with

11) fix

12) simply

13) into

14) constant

1) Strangely enough

2) at birth

3) genius

4) boring

5) experts

6) at random

7) as intelligent as each


8) Imagine

9) differences

10) plays a part


1) 一切都表明他的计划出


Everything points to the

fact / indicates that

something has gone wrong

with his project / plan.

2) 作者认为,我们不应想




The author argues that we

should not take it for

granted that those who

score high on

intelligence tests will

naturally do well in

practical work.

3) 我挑出几条英语习语



I picked out some English

idioms and tried them on

my classmates.

4) 三位教授被请来对新教


Three professors were

asked to make an

evaluation of the

teaching plans devised by

the new teachers.

5) 这对我们来说是个很小


It is a very small loss to

/ for us. Don't make such

a fuss over it.

6) 他比任何对手的得分都




第一单元 课程开始之际,就如何使学习英语的任务更容易提出一些建议似乎正当其实。 学习英语的几种策略 学习英语决非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种: 1.不要以完全相同的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说“我对英语感兴趣”是“I’m interested in English”,而说“我精于法语”则是“I’m good at French”?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说“获悉消息或密秘”是“learnthenewsorsecret”,而“获悉某人的成功或到来”却是“learn of someone’s success or arrival”?这些都是惯用法的例子。在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的人在日常生活中如何使用它。 3.每天听英语。经常听英语不仅会提高你的听力,而且有助你培养说的技能。除了专为课程准备的语言磁带外,你还可以听英语广播,看英语电视和英语电影。第一次听录好音的英语对话或语段,你也许不能听懂很多。先试着听懂大意,然后在反复地听。 你会发现每次重复都会听懂更多的xx。 4.抓住机会说。的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以找到练习讲英语的机会。例如,跟你的同班同学进行交谈可能就是得到一些练习的一种轻松愉快的方式。还可以找校园里以英语为母语的人跟他们


1那个美国人没有参加这场争论,他只是注视着在座的其他客人,在他这样观察时,他发现女主人的脸上显出一种奇异的表情。她两眼盯着前方,脸部肌肉在微微抽搐,她向站在座椅后面的印度男仆做了个手势,对他耳语了几句。男仆两眼睁得大大的,迅速地离开了餐室。 在座的客人中除了那位美国人以外谁也没注意到这一幕,也没有看到那个男仆把一碗牛奶放在紧靠门边的走廊上。 那个美国人突然醒悟过来,在印度,碗中的牛奶只有一个意思—-—引蛇的诱饵,他意识到餐室里一定有条眼镜蛇。 2杰斐逊的勇气和理想主义是以知识为基础的。他懂得的东西也许比同时代的任何人都要多。在农业、考古学和医学方面他都是专家。在人们普遍采用农作物轮作和土壤保持的做法之前一个世纪,他就这样做了。他还发明了一种比当时任何一种都好的耕犁。他影响了整个美国的建筑业,他还不断地制造出各种机械装置,使日常生活中需要做的许多工作变得更加容易。在杰斐逊的众多才能中,有一种是最主要的:他首先是一位优秀的、不知疲倦的作家。目前正在第一次出版的他的全集将超过五十卷。他作为一个作家的才能很快便被发现了,所以,当1776年在费城要撰写《独立宣言》的时刻来到时,这一任务便落在了他肩上。数以百万计的人们读到他写的下列词句都激动不已:“我们认为这些真理是不言而喻的:一切人生来就是平等的……”1) 会上有人建议任命一个十一人委员会来制定新章程。 3在我等着进大学期间,我在一份地方报纸上看到一则广告,说是在离我住处大约十英里的伦敦某郊区,有所学校要招聘一名教师。我因为手头很拮据,同时也想做点有用的事,于是便提出了申请,但在提出申请的同时我也担心,自己一无学位,二无教学经验,得到这份工作的可能性是微乎其微的。 然而,三天之后,却来了一封信,叫我到克罗伊登去面试。这一路去那儿原来还真麻烦:先乘火车到克罗伊顿车站,再乘十分钟的公共汽车,然后还要至少步行四分之一英里。结果,我在六月一个炎热的上午到了那儿,因为心情非常沮丧,竟不感到紧张了 4然而,在我做住院医生的最后一个月,睡眠已不再是个问题了。在有些情况下我仍然不能确定自己的决定是否正确,但我已学会把这看做一个外科医师经常会遇到的问题,一个永远也不能完全解决的问题——我已能适应它了。所以,我一旦经过深思熟虑作出某个决定,就不再去多想它了。多想也不会有什么帮助,而且我知道,凭我的知识和经验,我作出的任何决定肯定都是稳妥的。这是一种令人愉快的感觉。 5中、小学学生过去都知道亚伯拉罕·林肯步行五英里把多收的一分钱还给顾客的故事。我们已经把这类故事看成了神话。但就林肯来说,这故事却是真实的……而不像乔治·华盛顿和樱桃树的故事那样是杜撰的。华盛顿的第一位传记作者虚构了小乔治对父亲说“我不能说谎,我用斧子砍倒了樱桃树”的故事。然而,在两个故事中都很重要的一点是,诚实过去一向被看作是美国人性格中的一个重要组成部分。 1、她砰地关上门,一声不吭的走了,他们之间那场争执就 此结束。Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word 2、出席晚宴的客人对那个美国人威严的语气感到有点意外。 The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American 3、约翰尼已长大成熟,不再害怕独自呆在家里了。Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone. 4、当全部乘客都向出口处走去时,他却独自留在座位上, 好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的While all the passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane. 5、这封信必须交给威尔逊博士本人。The latter is to be handed to Dr.wilson himself. 6、南希虽然很想参加辩论,但腼腆得不敢开口。While she felt like joining in the argument, nancy was too shy to open her mouth. 7、你觉得什么时候最有可能在家里找到他?What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home? 8、猎人一看见有只狐狸从树丛中出现并向他设下的陷阱方 向跑去,脸上顿时显出了兴奋的表情。The hunter’s face lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of/made for trap he had laid. It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of eleven be appointed to make a new constitution.2) 这些青年科学家通过现场观察,获得了研究工作所需的第一手资料。 By making on-the-spot observations, the young scientists obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work.3) 他很可能会因视力不好而被拒收入伍。It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.4) 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址(location) 这一问题上持有不同意见。The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.5) 亨利创作的艺术品在许多方面比他兄弟的要好。 Henry's works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother's.6) 我们产品质量的稳步提高在很大程度上是由于设备有所改进。The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment.7) 吉姆本想按照自己的判断行事,但他没有这样做,因为作为军人他得服从命令。Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn't because as a soldier he had to obey the order.8) 如果让我来决定我们是要一个没有自行车的城市呢,还是要一个没有汽车的城市,我会毫不犹豫地选择后者。

大学英语精读2 课后翻译题答案

第一单元 1.她砰地关上门,一声不吭地走了,他们之间 那场争执就此结束。 Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word. 2. 出席晚宴的客人对那个美国人威严的语气 感到有点意外。 The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American. 3. 约翰尼已长大成熟,不再害怕独自呆在家里了。 Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone. 4. 当全部乘客都向出口处(exit) 走去时,他却独自留在座位上,好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的。 While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane. 5. 这封信必须交给威尔逊博士本人。 The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself. 6. 南希虽然很想参加辩论,但腼腆得不敢开口。 While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth. 7. 你觉得什么时候最有可能在家里找到他 What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home 8. 猎人一看见有只狐狸从树丛中出现并向他设下(lay) 的陷阱(trap) 方向跑去,脸上顿时闪出了兴奋的表情。 The hunter’s face lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of / make for the trap he had laid 第二单元 1) 会上有人建议任命一个十一人委员会来制定新章程。 It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of eleven be appointed to make a new constitution. 2) 这些青年科学家通过现场观察,获得了研究工作所需的第一手资料。 By making on-the-spot observations, the young scientists obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work. 3) 他很可能会因视力不好而被拒收入伍。 It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight. 4) 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址(location) 这一问题上持有不同意见。 The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport. 5) 亨利创作的艺术品在许多方面比他兄弟的要好。 Henry's works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother's. 6) 我们产品质量的稳步提高在很大程度上是由于设备有所改进。 The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment. 7) 吉姆本想按照自己的判断行事,但他没有这样做,因为作为军人他得服从命令。Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn't because as a soldier he had to obey the order.


大学英语精读1课文翻译 Unit1 Some Strategies or Learning English 学习英语绝非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种。 1. 不要以完全同样的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说 "我对英语感兴趣"是"I'm interested in English",而说"我精于法语"则是"I'm good at French"?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说"获悉消息或秘密"是"learn the news or secret",而"获悉某人的成功或到来"却是"learn of someone's success or arrival"?这些都是惯用法的例子。在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的人在日常生活中如何使用它。 3.每天听英语。经常听英语不仅会提高你的听力,而且有助你培养说的技能。除了专为课程准备的语言磁带外,你还可以听英语广播,看英语电视和英语电影。第一次听录好音的英语对话或语段,你也许不能听懂很多。先试着听懂大意,然后再反复地听。你会发现每次重复都会听懂更多的东西。 4.抓住机会说。的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以找到练习讲英语的机会。例如,跟你的同班同学进行交谈可能就是得到一些练习的一种轻松愉快的方式。还可以找校园里以英语为母语的人跟他们随意交谈。或许练习讲英语最容易的方式是高声朗读,因为这在任何时间,任何地方,不需要搭档就可以做到。例如,你可以看着图片或身边的物件,试着对它们详加描述。你还可以复述日常情景。在商店里购物或在餐馆里吃完饭付过账后,假装这一切都发生在一个讲英语的国家,试着用英语把它表演出来。


Unit1 课程开始之际,就如何使学习英语的任务更容易提出一些建议似乎正当其时。 Some Strategies or Learning English 学习英语绝非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种。 1. 不要以完全同样的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说我对英语感兴趣是I'm 湩整敲瑳摥椠?湅汧獩屨,而说我精于法语则是???潧摯愠?牆湥档?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说获悉消息或秘密是汜慥湲琠敨渠睥?牯猠捥敲屴,而获悉某人的成功或到来却是汜慥湲漠?潳敭湯?环猠捵散獳漠?牡楲慶屬?这些都是惯用法的例子。在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的人在日常生活中如何使用它。 3.每天听英语。经常听英语不仅会提高你的听力,而且有助你培养说的技能。除了专为课程准备的语言磁带外,你还可以听英语广播,看英语电视和英语电影。第一次听录好音的英语对话或语段,你也许不能听懂很多。先试着听懂大意,然后再反复地听。你会发现每次重复都会听懂更多的东西。 4.抓住机会说。的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以找到练习讲英语的机会。例如,跟你的同班同学进行交谈可能就是得到一些练习的一种轻松愉快的方式。还可以找校园里以英语为母语的人跟他们随意交谈。或许练习讲英语最容易的方式是高声朗读,因为这在任何时间,任何地方,不需要搭档就可以做到。例如,你可以看着图片18 / 1 或身边的物件,试着对它们详加描述。你还可以复述日常情景。在商店里购物或在餐馆里吃完饭付过账后,假装这一切都发生在一个讲英语的国家,试着用英语把它表演出来。 5.广泛阅读。广泛阅读很重要,因为在我们的学习环境中,阅读是最重要、最可靠的语言输入来源。在选择阅读材料时,要找你认为有趣的、不需要过多依赖词典就能看懂的东西。开始时每天读一页是个好办法。接下去,你就会发现你每天可以读更多页,而且能对付难度更高的材料。6.经常写。写作是练习你已经学会的东西的好方法。除了老师布置的作文,你还可以找到自己要写的理由。有个笔友可以提供很好的动力;与某个跟你趣味相投但来自不同文化的人进行交流,你会学到很多东西。经常写作的其他方式还有记日记,写小故事或概述每天的新闻。 语言学习是一个积累的过程。从读和听中吸收尽量多的东西,然后再试着把学到的东西通过说和写加以运用,定会大有收益。 Unit2 弗朗西斯·奇切斯特在六十五岁时开始了只身环球航行。本文记述的就是这一冒险故事。 Sailing Round the Word 弗朗西斯·奇切斯特在独自驾船作环球航行之前,已有好几次让他的朋友们感到吃惊了。他曾试图作环球飞行,但没有成功。那是1931年。 好多年过去了。他放弃了飞行,开始航海。他领略到航海的巨大乐趣。奇切斯特在首届横渡大西洋单人航海比赛中夺魁时,已经五十八岁。他周游世界的宿愿重又被唤起,不过这一次他是要驾船环游。由于他患有肺癌,朋友们和医生们都认为他不该去,但奇切斯特决意实施自己的计划。


新标准大学英语综合教程 2 课后参考翻译 第一单元课后翻译: 现在中国大学生参加志愿活动已成为常态。他们到社区为老年人服务,到山区助学,举办爱心捐赠活动,或到世博会(World Expo)或奥运会等重要国际活动担任志愿者。参加志愿 活动有助于学生获取专业技能,丰富社会经验,提高道德水平。多数大学生都认为参与志愿 服务是自己应尽的社会责任和义务,希望能做一些有意义的事情来回报社会,积极推动社会和谐发展。 Volunteering has now become the norm for college students in China. The volunteers may provide community services for senior citizens, support students in mountain areas in education, organize fundraising activities to help those in need, or work for major international projects such as the World Expo and the Olympic Games. Doing volunteer work is a useful way for students to enhance their professional skills and social experience as well as promoting their moral development. The majority of college students believe that it is their duty and obligation to participate in volunteer activities. They hope that they can do something meaningful and promote the development of social harmony. 第二单元课后翻译:

大学英语精读2 第三版课后翻译答案

Book2 Unit1 翻译 1.她砰地关上门,一声不吭地走了,他们之间那场争执就此结束。Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word. 2. 出席晚宴的客人对那个美国人威严的语气感到有点意外。The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American. 3. 约翰尼已长大成熟,不再害怕独自呆在家里了。 Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone. 4. 当全部乘客都向出口处(exit) 走去时,他却独自留在座位上,好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的。 While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane. 5. 这封信必须交给威尔逊博士本人。 The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself. 6. 南希虽然很想参加辩论,但腼腆得不敢开口。 While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth. 7. 你觉得什么时候最有可能在家里找到他? What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home?


Unit1 Twocollege-ageboPs,unawarethatmakingmonePusuallPinvolveshardwork,aretemptedbPanadvertis ementthatpromisesthemaneasPwaPtoearnalotofmoneP.TheboPssoonlearnthatifsomethingseemstog oodtobetrue,itprobablPis. 一个大学男孩,不清楚赚钱需要付出艰苦的劳动,被一份许诺轻松赚大钱的广告吸引了。男孩们很快就明白,如果事情看起来好得不像真的,那多半确实不是真的。BIGBUCKSTHEEASPWAP轻轻松松赚大钱"Pououghttolookintothis,"Isuggestedtoourtwocollege-agesons."ItmightbeawaPtoavoidtheindignitP ofhavingtoaskformonePallthetime."Ihandedthemsomemagazinesinaplasticbagsomeonebadhungon ourdoorknob.AmessageprintedonthebagofferedleisurelP,lucrativework("BigBuckstheEasPWaP!")o fdeliveringmoresuchbags. “你们该看看这个,”我向我们的两个读大学的儿子建议道。“你们若想避免因为老是向人讨钱而有失尊严的话,这兴许是一种办法。”我将挂在我们门把手上的、装在一个塑料袋里的几本杂志拿给他们。塑料袋上印着一条信息说,需要招聘人投递这样的袋子,这活儿既轻松又赚钱。(“轻轻松松赚大钱!”) "Idon'tmindtheindignitP,"theolderoneanswered.“我不在乎失不失尊严,”大儿子回答说。"Icanlivewithit,"hisbrotheragreed.“我可以忍受,”他的弟弟附和道。"Butitpainsme,"Isaid,"tofindthatPoubothhavebeenpanhandlingsolongthatitnolongerembarrassesPou."“看到你们俩伸手讨钱讨惯了一点也不感到尴尬的样子,真使我痛心,”我说。TheboPssaidthePwouldlookintothemagazine-deliverPthing.Pleased,Ilefttownonabusinesstrip.BPmi dnightIwascomfortablPsettledinahotelroomfarfromhome.Thephonerang.ItwasmPwife.Shewantedt oknowhowmPdaPhadgone.孩子们说他们可以考虑考虑投递杂志的事。我听了很高兴,便离城出差去了。午夜时分,我已远离家门,在一家旅馆的房间里舒舒服服住了下来。电话铃响了,是妻子打来的。她想知道我这一天过得可好。 "Great!"Ienthused."HowwasPourdaP?"Iinquired.“好极了!”我兴高采烈地说。“你过得怎么样?”我问道。 "Super!"Shesnapped."Justsuper!Andit'sonlPgettingstarted.Anothertruckjustpulledupoutfront."“棒极了!”她大声挖苦道。“真棒!而且这还仅仅是个开始。又一辆卡车刚在门前停下。”"Anothertruck?"“又一辆卡车?” "Thethirdonethisevening.ThefirstdeliveredfourthousandMontgomerPWards.Thesecondbroughtfour thousandSears,Roebucks.Idon'tknowwhatthisonehas,butI'msureitwillbefourthousandofsomething.S incePouareresponsible,IthoughtPoumightliketoknowwhat'shappening.“今晚第三辆了。第一辆运来了四千份蒙哥马利-沃德百货公司的广告;第二辆运来四千份西尔斯-罗伯克百货公司的广告。我不知道这一辆装的啥,但我肯定又是四千份什么的。既然这事是你促成的,我想你或许想了解事情的进展。” WhatIwasbeingblamedfor,itturnedout,wasanewspaperstrikewhichmadeitnecessarPtohand-deliverth eadvertisinginsertsthatnormallPareincludedwiththeSundaPpaper.ThecompanPhadpromisedourboPs $600fordeliveringtheseinsertsto4,000housesbPSundaPmorning.我之所以受到指责,事情原来是这样:由于发生了一起报业工人罢工,通常夹在星期日报纸里的广告插页,必须派人直接投送出去。公司答应给我们的孩子六百美金,任务是将这些广告插页在星期天早晨之前投递到四千户人家去。 "Pieceofcake!"ouroldercollegesonhadshouted.“不费吹灰之力!”我们上大学的大儿子嚷道。"SiGhundredbucks!"Hisbrotherhadechoed,"Andwecandothejobintwohours!"“六百块!”他的弟弟应声道,“我们两个钟点就能干完!” "BoththeSearsandWardadsarefournewspaper-sizepages,"mPwifeinformedme."TherearethirtP-twot housandpagesofadvertisingonourporch.Evenaswespeak,twobigguPsarecarrPingarmloadsofpaperup thewalk.Whatdowedoaboutallthis?"“西尔斯和沃德的广告通常都是报纸那么大的四页,”妻子告诉我说,“现在我们门廊上堆着三万二千页广告。就在我们说话的当儿,两个大个子正各抱着一大捆广告走过来。这么多广告,我们可怎么办?”"JusttelltheboPstogetbusP,"Iinstructed."TheP'recollegemen.TheP'lldowhatthePhavetodo."“你让孩子们快干,”我指示说。“他们都是大学生了。他们自己的事得由他们自己去做。”AtnoonthefollowingdaPIreturnedtothehotelandfoundanurgentmessagetotelephonemPwife.Hervoic


大学英语精读课文翻译 Unit 1 How to Improve Your Study Habits 你也许是个智力一般的普通学生。你在学校的学习成绩还不错,可你也许会觉得自己永远也成不了优等生。然而实际情况未必如此。你要是想取得更好的分数,也还是能做到的。是的,即使中等智力水平的学生,在不增加学习负担的情况下,也能成为优等生。其诀窍如下:1.仔细安排你的时间。把你每周要完成的任务一一列出来,然后制定一张时间表或时间分配图。先把用于吃饭、睡觉、开会、听课等这样一些非花不可的时间填上,然后再选定合适的固定时间用于学习。一定要留出足够的时间来完成正常的阅读和课外作业。当然,学习不应把作息表上的空余时间全都占去,还得给休息、业余爱好和娱乐活动留出一定的时间,这一点很重要。这张周作息表也许解决不了你所有的问题,但是它会使你比较清楚地了解你是怎样使用你的时间的。此外,它还能让你安排好各种活动,既有足够的时间工作,也有足够的时间娱乐。 2.寻找一个合适的地方学习。选定某个地方作为你的“学习区”。这可以是家里或者学校图书馆里的一张书桌或者一把椅子,但它应该是舒适的,而且不该有干扰。在你开始学习时,你应能够全神贯注于你的功课。 3.阅读之前先略读。这就是说,在你仔细阅读一篇文章之前,先把它从头至尾迅速浏览一遍。在预习材料时,你就对它的内容及其结构有了大致的了解。随后在你正式开始阅读时,你就能辨认出不太重要的材料,并且可以略去某些章节不读。略读不仅使你的阅读速度提高一倍,还有助于提高你的理解能力。< 4.充分利用课堂上的时间。上课时注意听讲意味着课后少花力气。要坐在能看得见、听得清的地方。要作笔记来帮助自己记住老师讲课的内容。 5.学习要有规律。课后要及早复习笔记。重温课堂上提到的要点,复习你仍然混淆不清的


UNIT 1 As we are at the start of the course, this seems a good moment to offer some advice on how to make the task of learning English easier. 课程开始之际,就如何使学习英语的任务更容易提出一些建议似乎正当其时。 Some Strategies for Learning English Learning English is by no means easy. It takes great diligence and prolonged effort. 学习英语绝非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 Nevertheless, while you cannot expect to gain a good command of English without sustained hard work, there are various helpful learning strategies you can employ to make the task easier. Here are some of them. 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种。 1. Do not treat all new words in exactly the same way. Have you ever complained about your memory because you find it simply impossible to memorize all the new words you are learning? But, in fact, it is not your memory that is at fault. If you cram your head with too many new words at a time, some of them are bound to be crowded out. What you need to do is to deal with new words in different ways according to how frequently they occur in everyday use. While active words demand constant practice and useful words must be committed to memory, words that do not often occur in everyday situations require just a nodding acquaintance. You will find concentrating on active and useful words the most effective route to enlarging your vocabulary. 1. 不要以完全同样的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2. Watch out for idiomatic ways of saying things. Have you ever wondered why we say, "I am interested in English", but "I am good at French"? And have you ever asked yourself why native English speakers say, "learn the news or secret", but "learn of someone's success or arrival"? These are all examples of idiomatic usage. In learning English, you must pay attention not only to the meaning of a word, but also to the way native speakers use it in their daily lives. 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说“我对英语感兴趣”是“I'm interested in English”,而说“我精于法语”则是“I'm good at French”?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说“获悉消息或秘密”是“learn the news or secret”,而“获悉某


Unit 1 1.我们像在暖房里种花那样养孩子是错误的。我们必须让他们接触各种社会问题,因为不久他们就将作为公民来应对这些问题。It's wrong to hear our children the way we grow flowers in the greenhouse. We must expose them to all social problems because they will approach them as citizens very soon. 2.随着时间的推移,我们不可避免地会越来越多地卷入国际商务。而冲突必然会发生,因为国家之间总有不同的观点和利益。With the passage of time we are inevitably increasing involved in international affairs. And conflicts are sure to occur because there always exist different views and interests among nations. 3.我们为我们的成就而骄傲,我们有理由感到骄傲。但是我们永远不能变得狂妄,不然我们就会失去我们的朋友。 We are proud of our accomplishments, and we have reason to be so. But we must never become arrogant. Otherwise we will lose our friends. 4.信息现在唾手可得。一个普通的电脑就能储存一个普通图书馆的信息。Information is now immediately available. An average computer can store as much information as a small library dose. 5.那家建筑公司没有资格操作这个项目。他们没有任何法律文件能证明他们具备必要的专门技术。我们必须找一个专门建造歌剧院的公司。That construction company is not qualified to handle the project. They don't have any legal document that can certify they have the necessary expertise. We must find a company that specializes in building theatre. 6.这些智囊团不作决策。他们力图提出一些对决策者十分有用的新主意和深刻的分析。These think tanks do nor make decisions. They are out to generate new ideas and penetrating analyses that will be extremely useful for decision makers. 7.国内生产总值不是一切。如果人民的生活质量没有真正改善的话,我们国家就不能说已经现代化了。The growth of GDP is not everything. It cannot be said that our country has been modernized unless the quality of our people's lives is really improved. 8.虽然那时候我们在很多方面都很困难,但作为孩子我们仍然很幸福,因为有干净的空气、水;江河湖泊里有很多鱼、螃蟹、黄鳝;田野里有花,有树,有鸟。Poor as we were in many ways at that time, we were quite happy as children, for there was clean air, clean water, a lot of fish, crabs and eels in the rivers, lakes, and ponds and a lot of flowers, trees and birds in the fields. 9.只要给某一个人或某一群人以绝对权力,那这个人或这一群人就肯定会滥用权力,因为正如阿克顿勋爵说,“权力使人腐败,绝对权力绝对使人腐败。”Give absolute power to any individual or any particular group of people, and that person or group is sure to abuse that power because, just as Lord Acton says, power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. 10.在我们国家,传统上都认为“万般皆下品,惟有读书高”。In traditional Chinese notion, school education was more important and useful than all other pursuits. 1.总理明天将赴纽约出席联合国会议。The premier is leaving for New York for a UN conference tomorrow. 2.在纽约期间他将会晤一些国家的政府首脑。He is to meet several heads of government during his stay in New York. 3.国庆长假期间你打算干什么?回家还是呆在校园里?What are you going to do during the long National Day holidays? Are you going home or staying on campus?