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英语语法之主谓一致

英语语法之主谓一致
英语语法之主谓一致

主谓一致

1.在一般现在时中,若主语是单数第三人称,谓语动词则要加-s或-es, 具体变化同名词的单数变复数。如:

He goes to school at 8 every morning. 不说:He go….

1)单数第三人称作主语的词包括:

单数人称代词:he, she, it

不定代词:each, everyone

人名:John, Bill Gates等。

普通单数名词:my brother, English等。

2)单数动词的变化有:be—is; have—has; 其他动词在词尾加-s或-es, 具体变化同名词的单数变复数,work—works, study--studies。

若主语是单数第一、第二人称或复数,则谓语动词永原形,不需要加-s或-es.

常见的这样的主语有:单数人称代词:I, you 复数人称代词:we, you, they 复数名词:students, books等。

2.在助动词或情态动词后面,直接接动词原型。

a. She can sing in English.

b. He goes to school early. / He doesn’t go to school early.

3.There be 句型的主谓一致。研究下列句子:

There is a book on the desk. There are two books on the desk.

There be 句型是一倒装结构,因此谓语动词的单复数要与be动词后面的名词一致。

4.“数量词+名词”结构的主谓一致

在上述数量词中,有些还可以接of 短语连用。具体用法如下:

5.单数形式的名词作主语与谓语动词形式的关系

一般来说,单数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数形式,这个符合英语中的语法上一致原则。但此种情况也有例外。现在详细归纳如下:

1)Many a +名词单数,虽为复数概念,但谓语用单数。

a.There is many an error that he has neglected.

b.Many a man and (many a) woman has wished that he or she had had a

better education. (Many men and women have….)

2)More than one+可数名词单数,是复数概念,但谓语用单数。

a.There is more than one answer to this question.

b.More than one topic has been discussed at the meeting.

与此类似的另一个结构:more+复数名词+than one, 谓语用复数。

a.More topics than one have been discussed at the meeting.

b.More persons than one were killed.

3) a+单数名词+or two作主语,谓语用单数。

One or two+复数名词,谓语用复数。

a. A word or two is misused in the sentence.

b.One or two words are misused in the sentence.

4) 对于集体名词,如:party, crowd, class, team, family, crew, government,

committee, audience, public等,则要视情况而定:

a.若集体名词被看成一个整体,则用单数谓语。

b.若集体名词被看成是有具体若干成员组成的,则用复数谓语。

试比较:

The public is the best judge.

The public are requested to write down their names in this book.

He has joined the football team who are all famous footballers.

A football team which keeps on training hard is more likely to win.

There was a large audience in the great hall.

The audience were excited.

但集体名词:police, militia(民兵),cattle, people等总是接复数动词,而mankind, humanity接单数动词。

Police in Guangdong Province are investigating an organized cheating operation in Dianbai Country of the province during national college entrance exams.

5) 定冠词the+adj. 或过去分词

(1)若表示抽象概念,谓语用单数。(见a,b,c句)

(2)表示一类人,则为复数概念,谓语用复数。(见d,e句)

(3)有时根据上下文来判断。(见f,g句)

a.The good in him overweight the bad. (抽象概念)他身上的优点比缺

点多。

b.The best is yet to come.

c.The beautiful is not always the same as the goo

d.

d.The blind are unfortunat

e.

e.The oppressed are to rise one day.

f.The deceased was his mother. (表示单个的人)

g.The deceased were ten farmers.

6. 复数形式的名词作主语与谓语动词形式的关系

这种情况下,谓语动词形式不能一概而论。不过一条原则是:

(1)若复数形式的名词表示的是复数概念,则显然要接复数谓语;

(2)若复数形式的名词表示的是单数的概念,或将其看成一个整体部分,则用单数谓语。

这么说来,在这种情况下,我们主要采用意义一致的原则来判断主谓一致。

1)常见的表示成对概念的复数名词,如:pants, trousers, scissors, scales(天平),glasses, binoculars(双筒望远镜),spectacles, bifocals(双光眼镜)。谓语动词用复数。

Where are my glasses?

2)形式上是复数(词尾加s),但表示单数概念的词,谓语用单数。

Works(工厂)、gallows(绞刑架)、politics, statistics, measles, diabetes

a.Politics is often a popular topic among people.

b.Statistics is a science.

单若politics, statistics不表示学科,而分别表示“政治观点”,“统计数据”

时,则需要复数。

Statistics prove that….

What are your politics?

3)表示时间, 重量,数额的复数名词作主语,我们通常将它们看成一个整体,故谓语用单数。

a.The years is a moment in history.

b.One hundred dollars is a large sum for the poor.

c.Two tons is enough.

d.The difference between America and England is, the English think 100 miles

is a long distance and Americans think 100 years is a long time.

值得注意的是,若“数词”单用,表示人或物,谓语动词一般用复数。

a.Ten were killed and five were missing and several were severely wounded in

that accident.

b.Few know the fact.

4)复数的专有名词后面都接复数谓语动词:

a.The Great Lakes are a series of five lakes between the USA and Canada.

不过特殊的有:the United Nations, the United States均看作一个整体,故用单数谓语动词。

7.并列主语与谓语动词形式的关系

1)由and连接的多个成分,若表示一种事物或一种概念时,用单数动词;若表示的是多个不同的概念时,则用复数动词。

a.The writer and translator is delivering a speech in our college tonight. (writer

和translator是指同一个人)

b.The writer and the translator are delivering a speech in our college tonight.(此

处指两个人)

c.The tenth and last lesson is translated by him.(同一课)

d.The tenth and the last lesson are translated by him.(两个不同的课)

2)若and连接两个并列主语,且and后面的名词有相关的副词(not, perhaps, particularly, even, too, likewise, as well等)修饰,则谓语动词形式与and前面的名词保持一致。因为此时句子的真正主语应是and前面的名词,此时and 与前面的名词之间常有逗号隔开。

a.The horse and not the donkey is used in games of racing.

b.Tom, and not Jim, has gone there.

c.That the sun and not the earth is the center of our planetary system was a

difficult concept to grasp in the Middle Ages.

d.Jack, and perhaps Williams, has been ther

e.

e.Jack, and particularly his parents, is fond of this music.

3) 两个表示不同物质的名词,虽由and连接,但习惯上此两样东西常常被同

时使用,这时我们将二者看作是一整体,故谓语动词仍用单数。常见的这样的名词有:

a.Bread and butter is my favorite breakfast.

b.Apple pie and ice cream is the favorite dessert of many people.

c.The fork and knife is hard for me to use

4) or连接的并列主语,动词形式与or最靠近的主语保持一致。

a.He or I am to go.

b.Her sisters or his brother has a hobby of collecting stamps.

5) every…and(every)…

each…, and(each)…,

any…and(any)…,

no…and(no)…,

many a…and(many a)…连接的并列主语,用单数谓语动词。

a.Every hour and every minute is important.

b.Every man, woman and child is an important being.

c.Every boy and girl has to have his hair neatly combed

d.Many a man and (many a) woman has wished he or she had had a better

education.

6) either…or…, not only…but also…, neither….nor…, 谓语动词单复数与or, but(also), nor后面的词一致。

a.Not only the students but also their teacher is required to attend the meeting.

b.Not only their teacher but also the students are required to attend the meeting.

7) 与第六点形成对照的是,“主语+with, together with, along with, as well as, as much as, including, in addition to, added to, except, besides, rather than,

accompanied by+另一主语”的结构中,谓语动词形式与第一个主语保持人称和数的一致。

a.Mary, along with her sisters, attends the sessions regularly.

b.The students as well as the teacher are required to attend the meeting.

c.I, as well as they, am ready to help you.

8. 在of 结构中谓语动词的单复数

这类情况较为复杂,且不总是那么具有规律性。基本可归纳如下:

1)像kind, type, sort, class, species, breed, variety, form, brand, make等表示类别的名词,总的规律是:句子谓语动词单复数与of前面的名词形式保持一致。

a.What kind of rice is served in that restaurant?

b.This kind of apple is sour.

c.The kind of apples is sour.

d.Apples of this kind are sour.

e.What kinds of rice are served in that restaurant?

2) A pair of +复数名词,看作整体,用单数谓语动词。

a. A pair of gloves/glasses is on the table.

但是:

b.Five pairs of gloves are on sale.

3)the+最高级+of+ n.复数+单数谓语…

The most elaborate of all bird nests is the large, doomed communal structure built by social weaverbirds.

4) A number of/An average of/A total of +名词复数,用复数动词,强调数量

the number/average/total of+名词复数,用单数动词,强调整体.

a. A total of ten thousand dollars were donated last month.

b.An average of ten thousand dollars a day are sent by this post office.

c.The total of dollars donated last month was 100,000 dollars.

d.The total of 10 thousand dollars donated last month was sent to the

flood-stricken areas.

5) A part of +单数名词---单数谓语

复数名词---复数谓语

与此类似的还有:the rest/remainder of, most of, plenty of, 分数(如two-thirds)+of, 百分数+of等等。它们的谓语动词数依of后名词而定,名词是单数,则谓语动词为复数;名词若是复数,谓语动词亦为复数。

a. A part of the apple is bad.

b. A part of the apples are bad.

c.Three-fourths of the surface of the earth is covered with water.

d. A third of their composition has been corrected.

e. A third of their compositions have been corrected.

f.Three-fourth of the people are illiterate.

9.从句中的主谓一致问题

(名词从句,动名词短语或动词不定式短语作主语,用单数谓语动词)

1)主语从句或短语作主语,主句谓语用单数。

a.Children interfering in their parents’right to remarry has become a social

problem.

b.When I can complete it is still unclear.

c.What I said and did is of no concern to you.

2)定语从句中的主谓一致

请认真比较下列例句

a.One of those men likes to drive fast.

b.He is the only one of those men who likes to drive fast.

c.He is one of those men who like to drive fast.

历年真题:

1.Mr. Well, together with all the members of his family, ____ for Europe this

afternoon.(2004—51)

A. are to leave

B. are leaving

C. is leaving

D.

leave

2. It is futile to discuss the matter further, because ____ doing to agree upon anything today. (2003—50)

A. neither you nor I are

B. neither you nor me is

C. neither you nor I am

D. neither me nor you are

就近原则,在neither…nor 结构中,谓语动词的单复形式取决于最靠近它的词语,

a) 当there be 句型的主语是一系列事物时,谓语应与最邻近的主语保持一致。

There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk..

There are twenty boy-students and twenty-three girl-students in the class. b)当either…or…与neither…nor,连接两个主语时,谓语动词与最邻近的主语保持一致。如果句子是由here, there引导,而主语又不止一个时,谓语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。

Either you or she is to go.

Here is a pen, a few envelops and some paper for you.

3. The statistics ____ that living standards in the area have improved drastically in recent times.(2006—62)

A. proves

B. is proving

C. are proving

D. prove

52. All the President's Men ______ one of the important books for historians who study the Watergate Scandal.

A. remain

B. remains

C. remained

D. is remaining

42. _______ of the twins was arrested, because I saw both at a party last night.

A. None

B. Both

C. Neither

D. All

单项练习:

1.He is the only one of the students who ____ a winner of scholarship for three

years.

A. is

B. are

C. have been

D. has been

2. She is one of the few girls who _____ in the kindergarten.

A. is well paid

B. are well paid

C. is paying well

D. are paying well

3. A library with five thousand books _____ to the nation as a gift.

A. is offered

B. has offered

C. are offered

D. have offered

4. Either you or the headmaster _____ the prizes to those gifted students at the meeting.

A. is handing out

B. are to hand out

C. are handing out

D. is to hand out

5. Not only I but also Jane and Mary _____ tired of having one examination after another.

A. is

B. are

C. am

D. be

6. The number of people invited _____ fifty, but a number of them _____ absent for different reasons.

A. were, was

B. was, was

C. was, were

D. were, were

7. –Each of the students, working hard at his or her lessons, _____ to go to university.

---So do I.

A. hope

B. hopes

C. hoping

D. hoped

8. _____ of the land in that district _____ covered with trees and grass.

A. Two fifth; is

B. Two fifth; are

C. Two fifths; is

D. Two fifths; are

9. Every possible means _____ to prevent the pollution, but the sky is still not clear.

A. is used

B. are used

C. has been used

D. have been used

10. When and where to go for the on-salary holiday _____ yet.

A. are not decided

B. have not been decided

C. is not being decided

D. has not been decided

11. When and where to build the new factory _____ yet.

A. is not decided

B. are not decided

C. has not decided

D. have not decided

12. Jack is so poor that even five dollars _____ a big sum to him.

A. is

B. are

C. add

D. equal

13. Part of the books _____ arrived.

A. is

B. have

C. was

D. has

14. There _____ in this room.

A. are too many rooms

B. are too much room

C. are plenty of rooms

D. is plenty of room

15. Every hour and every minute _____ important.

A. is

B. have

C. was

D. will

16. In some markets there may be only one seller. _____ is called a monopoly.

A. Situation as this

B. Such kinds of situation

C. Such a situation

D. A situation of so

17. By the time you arrive in London, we _____ in Europe for two weeks.

A. shall stay

B. have stayed

C. will have stayed

D. have been staying

18. She resorted to ____ when she had no money to buy foods for her children.

A. have stolen

B. steal

C. stole

D. stealing

19. If Tom wins tomorrow, he _____ thirty races in the past four years.

A. will win

B. has won

C. would have won

D. will have won

20. There are two spare rooms in this building, neither of _____ has been provided with modern facilities.

A. it

B. which

C. them

D. this

21. Bread and butter ______ liked by Westerners.

A. is

B. are

C. were

D. be

22. Einstein won the Noble Prize in 1921 and enjoyed great fame in Germany until

the rise of Nazism _____ he was expelled from Germany because he was a Jew.

A. when

B. who

C. then

D. which

23. He made a long speech ____ the important of the subject.

A. only showing

B. only showed

C. only to show

D. only as to show

24. This missile is designed so that once _____ nothing can be done to retrieve it.

A. fired

B. being fired

C. they fired

D. having fired

25. Although _____ happened in this developed country sounds like science fiction, it could occur elsewhere in the world.

A. which

B. what

C. how

D. it

26. This tower is said _____ in an earthquake two years ago.

A. to be destroyed

B. to destroy

C. to have been destroyed

D. to be destroyed

27. _____ time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player.

A. Having

B. Given

C. Giving

D. had

28. Wear your overcoat, _____ you’ll catch cold.

A. on the contrary

B. or rather

C. or else

D. in no way

29. Her husband would rather they _____ about the matter any more.

A. don’t talk

B. couldn’t talk

C. didn’t talk

D. won’t talk

30. For half an hour or ____ he would walk up and down between the stalls looking at everything.

A. so

B. more

C. else

D. another

高中英语语法大全归纳总结-高中语法归纳总结

高中英语语法权威解析 目录: 第01章名词性从句 第02章“It”用法及其句型与固定搭配讲解 第03章高中英语语法中得省略现象 第04章主谓一致 第05章动词不定式 第06章倒装结构 第07章定语从句 第08章被动语态 第09章祈使句 第10章感叹句 第11章疑问句 第12章名词 第一章名词性从句 在句子中起名词作用得句子叫名词性从句(Noun Clauses)。名词性从句得功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同得语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句与同位语从句、一. 主语从句 主语从句就是在复合句中充当主语得从句,通常放在主句谓语动词之前或由形式主语it 代替,而本身放在句子末尾。 1. It 作形式主语与it引导强调句得比较 It 作形式主语代替主语从句,主要就是为了平衡句子结构,主语从句得连接词没有变化、而i t引导得强调句则就是对句子某一部分进行强调,无论强调得就是什么成分,都可用连词that。被强调部分指人时也可用who/whom、例如: a) It isapitythatyoudidn’t go to seethefilm.您不去瞧那场电影真可惜。 b) It doesn’tinterest me whetheryou succeed or not、我对您成功与否不感兴趣、 c) Itisin themorning thatthe murder took place. 谋杀案就是在早上发生得、(强调句型) d) It is John that broke thewindow。就是John打碎得窗户。(强调句型) 2、用it 作形式主语得结构 (1)It is + 名词+从句 It is afact that…事实就是… It is an honor that …非常荣幸 It iscommon knowledge that …就是常识 (2)It is + 形容词+从句 It is natural that…很自然… It isstrange that…奇怪得就是…(3) It is+不及物动词+ 从句 Itseems that…似乎… It happenedthat…碰巧… Itappears that…似乎…

初中英语中主谓一致详解

主谓一致详解 【基础知识】 主谓一致指“人称”和“数”方面的一致关系。对大多数人来说,往往会在掌握主语和随后的谓语动词之间的一致问题上遇到困难。一般情况下,主谓之间的一致关系由以下三个原则支配: 语法一致原则(grammatical concord) 意义一致原则(notional concord) 就近原则(principle of proximity) (一)语法一致原则 用作主语的名词词组中心词和谓语动词在单、复数形式上的一致,就是语法一致。也就是说,如果名词中心词是单数,动词用单数形式;如果名词中心词是复数,动词用复数形式。例如: This table is a genuine antique. Both parties have their own advantages. Her job has something to do with computers. She wants to go home. They are divorcing each other. Mary was watching herself in the mirror. The bird built a nest. Susan comes home every week-end. (二)意义一致原则 有时,主语和谓语动词的一致关系取决于主语的单、复数意义,而不是语法上的单、复数形式,这样的一致关系就是意义一致。例如: Democratic government gradually take the place of an all-powerful monarchy. A barracks was attacked by the guerilla. Mumps is a kind of infectious disease. The United States is a developed country. It is the remains of a ruined palace. The archives was lost.

初中英语语法主谓一致

初中英语语法主谓一致 LELE was finally revised on the morning of December 16, 2020

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考点 03 主谓一致
【命题解读】 在英语句子里,谓语受主语支配,其动词必须和主语在人称和数上保持一致,这就叫主 谓一致。近几年来,高考关于该内容的考查主要集中在语法形态一致、逻辑意义一致以及就 近一致三个方面上。 【命题预测】 主谓一致在高考中常与名词结合在一起进行综合考查,多以语法填空和短文改错的形 式出题,在完形填空中也会有所涉及,总体难度系数较低,纵观近年的高考真题,主谓一 致中的固定搭配是考查的重难点。预计 2018 年高考仍会沿袭这一命题规律。 【复习建议】 1. 掌握主谓一致的三个原则:语法形态一致、逻辑意义一致和就近一致; 2. 掌握主谓一致中的固定搭配; 3. 掌握定语从句中的主谓一致; 4. 掌握倒装句、强调句中的主谓一致。
高考主谓一致的知识结构 一致原则 考点详解 例句 His father is working on the farm. 1. 以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语、 To study English well is not easy. 动名词短语或从句作主语时, 谓语动词一 语法一致 般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词 用复数形式。 The children were in the classroom two hours ago. Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. What he said is very important for us all.
1

Lucy and Lily are twins. 2. 由连接词 and 或 both …… and 连接起来 的合成主语后面, 要用复数形式的谓语动 词。 She and I are classmates. The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. Both she and he are Young Pioneers. 3. 主语为单数名词或代词, 尽管后面跟有 with,together with,except,but,like, as well as, rather than, more than, no less than, besides,including 等引起的短语, playground. 谓语动词仍用单数形式;若主语为复数, 谓语用复数形式。 She,like you and Tom,is very tall. Mr. Green , together with his wife and children,has come to China. Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the
4. either,neither,each,every 或 no + Each of us has a new book. 单数名词和由 some,any,no,every 构 Everything around us is matter. 成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。
He is one of my friends who are working 5. 在定语从句中,关系代词 that,who, hard. which 等作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与 He is the only one of my friends who is 句中先行词的数一致。 working hard.
一致原则
考点详解 6. 如果集体名词指的是整个集体, 它的谓
例句 Class Four is on the third floor. Class Four are unable to agree upon a
语动词用单数;如果它指集体的成员,其 monitor. 谓语动词就用复数形式。 语法一致 这些词有 family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience 等。 注:people,police,cattle 等名词一般都 用作复数。如:The police are looking for the lost child. 7. 由“a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, There are a lot of people in the classroom.
2

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高中英语主谓一致知识点讲解 本文主要讲解主谓一致,并列结构作主语时谓语用复数主谓一致中的靠近原则谓语动词与前面的主语一致 等常见考点。 主谓一致是指: 1)语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式与谓语要一致。 2)意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致。 3)就近原则,即谓语动词的单复形式取决于最靠近它的词语, 一般来说,不可数名词用动词单数,可数名词复数用动词复数。例如: There is much water in the thermos. 但当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。例如: Ten thousand tons of coal were produced last year. 并列结构作主语时谓语用复数,例如: Reading and writing are very important. 读写很重要。 注意:当主语由and连结时,如果它表示一个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时,谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前只有一个冠词。例如: The iron and steel industry is very important to our life. 钢铁工业对我们的生活有重要意义。 典型例题 The League secretary and monitor ___ asked to make a speech at the meeting. A. is B. was C. are D. were 答案B. 注:先从时态上考虑。这是过去发生的事情应用过去时,先排除A.,C。本题易误选D,因为The League secretary and monitor 好象是两个人,但仔细辨别,monitor 前没有the,在英语中,当一人兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。后面的职务用and 相连。这样本题主语为一个人,所以应选B。

英语语法主谓一致整理

主谓一致 主谓一致(Subject-Verb Concord)即谓语动词在人称和数上要和主语保持一致,主谓一致包括语法一致、意义一致和就近一致,语法一致即谓语动词在单复数形式上要和主语保持一致,意义一致就是谓语动词要和主语意义上的单复数保持一致,就近一致就是谓语动词要和靠近它的主语部分保持一致。 表里不一 主谓一致中的"表里不一"现象 1,"more than one +名词"作主语时,谓语动词常用单数.例如: More than one teacher gets the flowers. 不止一个教师得到了花. 2,"many a +名词"作主语时,从意义上看是复数,但谓语动词常用单数.例如:Many a student has been sent to plant trees. 很多学生被派去植树. 3,"half of ,the rest of ,most of ,all of及百分数或分数+of 等后接名词"作主语时,谓语动词形式根据of后的名词而定.例如: Three fourths of the surface of the earth is covered with water.地球表面四分之三为水所覆盖. 4,all指人时,动词用复数;all指物时,动词用单数.例如: "All are present and all is going well." 所有人全部到场了,一切进展顺利 5,what引导的主语从句,谓语动词可视表语而定:表语是单数名词时,动词用单数,相反,则用复数.例如: What they want to get are a number of good books.他们想得到的是大量的好书. 6,and连接的两个单数名词前若用each ,every ,no修饰,该名词短语作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式.例如: No book and no pen is found in the schoolbag.书包里没有书和钢笔. 7,当主语后面有as well as ,with ,along with ,together with ,but ,like ,rather than ,except,逗号加and连接几个名词等引导的短语时,谓语动词要与最前面的主语保持一致.例如: My father as well as his workmates has been to Beijing. 我父亲和他的同事曾去过. 8,each作主语的同位语时,谓语动词由主语来决定,与each无关.例如:They each have a bike. 他们每人有一辆自行车. 9,动词不定式,动词-ing形式短语作主语时,谓语动词常用单数.例如: Going out for a walk after supper is a good habit.晚饭后出去散步是一个好习惯. 10,the following作主语时,谓语动词的数与后面名词的数保持一致.例如:The following are good examples下面是一些好例子. 11,以-ics结尾的学科名词,如politics ,physics ,mathematics等作主语时,谓语动词用单数.以-s结尾的名词news ,works ,plastics等同属此类.例如:

(完整版)主谓一致讲解教案

主谓一致讲解教案 一、授课时间:2012年1月4日 二、授课内容:语法点主谓一致讲解 三、授课重难点: 1、授课重点:主谓一致三原则:语法一致;意义一致;就近一致原则 2、授课难点:主谓一致常考题型 四:授课过程 Step I 课程引入 由三个例句导入主谓一致的概念 1.I am a student. 2.They are students. 3.She is a teacher. 我们可以看出主语不同,谓语动词的形式就不同 主谓一致:谓语动词的人称和数随着主语的人称和数的变化而变化。 Step II 讲述 一、主谓一致遵循三个原则:语法一致;意义一致;就近一致原则 分别对每个原则中的每一项进行讲解,并且举出例句,和学生互动。 1.语法一致原则:指主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式,主语是复数形式,谓语也用复数形式。 Tom is a good student. 汤姆是个好学生。 They often play football on the playground. 他们经常在操场上踢足球。 2.意义一致:指主语形式上为单数,但意义为复数,因此谓语动词用复数形式;或主语形式上为复数,但表示单数意义,这是谓语动词用单数形式。 My family are having lunch now. 我们一家人现在正吃午饭。 Twenty dollars is too expensive for the book. 这本书20美元太贵了。 3.就近一致:指谓语动词用单数形式还是用复数形式,取决于最靠近他的主语。例如: Not only the teacher but also his students like playing football. 不仅老师喜欢踢足球,而且他的学生也喜欢踢足球。 There is a pen and some books on the desk. 课桌上有一支钢笔和一些书。

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