(be engaged in doing sth) Mr. Doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the farm.
(underestimate,equip) We must not underestimate the enemy. They are equipped with the most s ophisticated weapons.
(desperate) Not having had a job for 3 months, Phil is getting increasingly desperate.
(efficient,decisive) Sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgment.
5.既然已证实这家化工厂是污染源，村委会(village neighborhood committee)决定将其关闭，为此损失了一百个工作岗位。
(at the cost of) Since the chemical plant was identified as the source of pollution, the village neighborhood committee decided to close it down at the cost of 100 jobs.
(in the air) There was an unusual quietness in the air, except for the sound of artillery in the distance.
2.在某些非洲国家城市的扩展已引起生活水平相当大的下降和社会问题的增多。 (expansion) The expansion of urban areas in some African countries has been causing
a significant fall in living standards and an increase in social problems.
3.研究表明大气中的二氧化碳的含量(atmospheric carbon dioxide levels)与全球温度密切相关。 (correlate) The research shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are closely cor related with global temperatures.
4.最近公共汽车的车辆行驶(bus service)频率已有改善，从15分钟缩短到12分钟一班。 (frequency) The frequency of the bus service has been improved from 15 to 12 minute recently.
5.那位跳水运动员(diver)立在跳水版(diving board)边沿，只等教练发出信号便会立刻跳下。 (be poised to,signal) The diver stood on the edge of the diving board, poised to jump at the signal from the coach.
(veteran,taxi,inadequate) Despite the inadequate length of the airstrip in this emergency landing, the veteran pilot managed to stop the plane after taxiing for only a short while.
2.在记者反复追问下，该影星终于说漏了嘴，承认自己做过两次整容手术。(plastic surgery) (blurt,grill) Grilled by the reporters, the movie star eventually blurted that she had undergone tow plastic surgeries.
(partner,in sb’s hands) We have the technology and our partner has the capital. Working together, we’ll have the future in our hands.
(preparation,barely,beforehand) If I had known beforehand that you would bring so many friends home, I would have made better preparations. You see, I have barely enough food and drinks for a snack.
5.当人们得知地震灾区(the earthquake-stricken area)将要建造结构更牢固的新校舍时，纷纷慷慨解囊。 (structure,generously) People gave generously upon learning that new school rooms with stronger structures were to be built in the earthquake-stricken area.
1.因为约翰不看好欧洲经济，所以把资产转移到了欧洲以外的其他地方。(asset,elsewhere,outlook) Due to his pessimistic outlook on the European economy, John has moved his assets from Europe to elsewhere.
(be committed to,earnest) I like hiring young people. They are earnest learners and committed to work.
(center,unlike) Unlike her girl friends who center their lives on their children, Mary cares more about her personal growth.
(at odds with,considerable) Why is it that a considerable number of colleagues are at odds with you?
(a variety of,strengthen) The Chinese government has introduced a variety of policies to strengthen cooperation with developing countries.
1.我的直觉是亨利会设法参加这次探险，因为他有一点冒险家的气质。(something of,instinct) I have an instinct that Henry will seek to join the expedition, because he is something of an adventurer.
(capable,stick to) He is capable of sticking to the task at hand, even if he is exposed to noises.
(hitherto,in accordance with) The trademark was registered in accordance with the laws hitherto in force.
(oddly enough,turn up) Oddly enough, many people volunteered to help organize the meeting, but only a few turned up.
5.老师那充满关爱的话语，以及坦诚的评价改变了迈克对于社会和他自己的看法。(affectionate,candid) The teacher’s affectionate words, along with his candid comments, changed the way Mike perceived the society and himself.
1.他们正在探索医学研究的新领域，试图治疗那些目前还无药可治的疾病。(frontier,remedy) They are exploring the new frontiers of medical science in an attempt to find remedies for incurable diseases/cures for diseases that are beyond remedy so far.
2.我的数学老师威尔逊女士不仅教学方法独特，而且她从不试图往我脑子里硬塞知识。(...apart,cram) Her unique teaching methods apart, Ms Wilson, my math teacher, never tried to cram knowledge into my head.
3.中央电视台的定时天气预报使得我们旅行时不管走到哪儿都能知道天气的变化。(keep up with,forecast) The regular weather forecast by the Central TV Station keeps us up with the changes of weather wherever we go on a trip.
(explosion,appalling) The appalling explosion started a big fire and caused the partial collapse of the building.
(eat into,waste away) In the modern world, there are more ways than ever to waste away time, a nd all kinds of distractions are eating into our precious time.