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《全新版大学英语综合教程(第二版)4》第四册(Unit 1-6)课后练习答案

Unit 1 Text A

Key to Exercises



1. 1. alliance

2. at the cost of

3. stroke

4. limp

5. minus

6. regions

7. declarations

8. siege 9. raw 10. bide his time 11. have taken their toll 12. in the case of



1. is faced with

2. get bogged down

3. is pressing on/pressed on

4. drag on

5. get by

6. dine out

7. have cut back

8. get through


1). lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future.

2). has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of raw materials due to the dock workers’strike.

3). will/should never get in the way of her career.

4). caught the foreign minister off guard.

5). of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of



1) Being faced with, the occupation, regions

2).crucial to, efficient, to reckon with, weaken, be brought to a halt

3).a heroic, the decisive, turned the tide, siege, by launching


1) During the First world war, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of the most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy tranches of France and Belgium .

2) Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts/homework paid off.

3) I spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all my words.

4) Pnuemonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could withstand the harsh weather.

III. Usage

1) fall ill

2) lay dead at home for 2 weeks

3) dropped dead from a heart attack

4) fell asleep

5) marrying young

6) to sit still for longer than a few minutes

Comprehensive Exercises

1 text-related

1 invasion 2. stand in the way 3. Conquest 4. catching… off his guard

5. launching

6. declaration


campaign 8. drag on

9. reckon with 10. bringing… to a halt

2 Theme-related

1. allow

2. reckoned

3. highly


forecasts 5.rapidly

6. instant

7. delivery

8. advantage

9. observing 10. powerful



1) Mr. Doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the farm.

2) We must not underestimate the enemy. They are equipped with the most sophisticated weapons.

3) Having been out of a job/Not having a job for 3 months, Phil is getting increasingly desperate.

4) Sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgement.

5) Since the chemical plant was identified as the source of population, the village neighborhood committee decided to close it down at the cost of 100 jobs.

2. The offensive had really lasted 3 days, but we had not gained much ground. The division commander instructed our battalion to get around to the rear of the enemy and launch a surprise attack.. To do so, however, we had to cross a marshand and many of us were afraid we might get bogged down in the mud. Our battalion commander decided to take a gamble. Lucky enough, thanks to the severely cold weather which made the marshland freeze over, we arrived at our destination before dawn and began attacking the enemy from the rear. This turned the tide of the battle. The enemy, caught off guard, soon surrendered

Unit 2 Text A

Key to Exercises



1. 1. expansion

2. automated

3. Vapor

4. take control

of 5. hazards 6. satellite

7. vibrated 8. magnetic 9.

bunched 10. in the air 11. Got/was stuck in

12. approximately



1. send out

2. stand up

for 3. pass

for 4. were closing in on

5. starting up

6. went through

7. fill out

8. fall into


1). incorporate all the latest safety features.

2). two trees ten feet apart.

3). awarding lucrative contracts to his construction firm.

4). the prototype of a new model before they set up a factory to make the cars.

5). are correlated in all racial groups.


1) the application, remote, has turned into a reality, are poised to

2).that vibrate, can detect, frequency

3).lanes, are mounted in, alert a, hazard


kilogram medical care

memorandum electronic mail

gymnasium communications satellite liberation news broadcast

doctor sky hijack

veterinarian European dollar

preparatory breakfast and lunch

automobile television broadcast

influenza Oxford and Cambridge

III. Usage

1) swimming pool

2) drawing board

3) enriched Middle Engish

4) disturbing change

5) fully developed prototype

6) Canned foods

7) working population

8) puzzling differences

Comprehensive Exercises


1 computerized 2. start up 3. be poised to 4. alert 5. hazards

6. monotonous

7. take control

of 8.

steer 9.


10. decrease 11.

calculate 12. eliminate 13. getting stuck in


mounted 15.detect

16. vapor


1. generates

2. related


revolutionized 4.enabled 5.opportunities

6. overall

7. manufacturing


dependent 9.

interact 10. fatalities


1. There was an unusual quietness in the air, except for the sound of artillery in the distance.

2. The expansion of urban areas in some African countries has been causing a significant fall in living standards and an increase in social problems.

3. The research shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are closely correlated with global temperatures.

4. The frequency of the bus service has been improved from 15 to 12 minutes recently.

5. The diver stood on the diving board, poised to jump at the signal from the coach.

Automobiles have, sine their invention, revolutionized transportation, changing forever the

way people live, travel, and do business. On the other hand, they have brought hazards, especially highway fatalities. However, today the application of the computer technology and electronic sensors in designing and manufacturing cars makes it possible to eliminate most of traffic accidents. For example, electronic sensors mounted in your car can detect alcohol vapor in the air and refuse to start up the engine. They can also monitor road conditions by receiving radio signals sent out from orbiting satellites and greatly reduce your chances of getting stuck in traffic jams.

Unit 3

Text A

Text Organization 1.

Parts Paragraph


Main Ideas

Part One Paras 1-6 An ill-prepared college graduate failed

his interview

Part Two Paras


Four pieces of advice on being a successful interviewee

Part Three



Make your own tracks in whatever you do.


Suggestions Examples

1) Prepare to win. 1) Michael Jordan

2) Never stop learning. 2) a 90-year-old tennis


3) Believe in yourself, even when no one else does. 3) the four-minute mile, the

New York

Marathon and the Vietnam veteran

4) Find a way to make a difference. 4) New York cabdrivers


I. 1. 1)


2) physically

3) structure 4) made a difference

5) blurted out 6) chuckling

7) measurable 8) prospective

9) preparations 10) sparkled

11) took a crack at 12) partner

2. 1) go

after 2) look back on/at

3) be put up 4) stood for


in 6) follow up

7) be hooked up to 8) closed up

3. 1) Mary's parents grilled her about where she had been all night.

2) …it was beyond Cinderella’s wildest dreams that she could one day in the king’s palace.

3) The translation of the popular novel has just finished and a Chinese version will be in readers' hands soon.

4) As with anything else, it is important to do your homework before going on an interview.

5) Jim's car broke down last week and the repair cost was in the neighborhood of 150 dollars.

4. 1) The director of the Urban Development Office will interview the two local applicants, as

well as the two veteran landscapers recommended by the staff committee this afternoon, to pick out the prospective designer for the construction of the city square.

2) From his standpoint, the project manager has made every endeavor to go after the best engineer for the work of cleaning up the river before the deadline set by the mayor.

3) Life is short, as the saying goes. People in my age bracket often want to have a crack at everything they think is interesting, but the problem is they barely have the time or energy for such endeavor.

II. Words with Multiple Meanings

1. When in Rome, do as the Romans do. (behave)

2. Richard suggested I keep all my friends' addresses on my computer, as he does his. (keep: used to avoid repetition)

3. Elizabeth told her daughter that if she did the bathroom, the kitchen and the living room, she

would get $10.00 every week, (clean)

4. Since the Smiths' business is doing well, they are thinking of starting

a similar type of business in Canada, (get along)

5. If you are prepared, you can certainly do the job. (perform or complete )

6. Knowing what you cannot do is more important than knowing what you can. (perform or complete )

7. When I asked John why he does philosophy, he said that he does it simply because he finds it interesting, (study)

8. A small piece of cake will do for me, thanks, (be enough)

9. Leisure is a beautiful garment, but it will not do for constant wear, (be acceptable)

III. Usage

1. There is so much to say and it is hard to know where to begin. OK, I'll talk about myself first.

2. Thank you very much, John, for your beautiful Christmas card. By the way. I have something here for you.

3. The new computer language can be quite easily understood by anyone who can read the daily newspaper. Now, why is this an advantage?

4. I'm going to work out the outline and will let you know how it goes. By the way. I will see you in February, as I plan to attend your seminar in Shanghai.

5. OK, you got the job. Now, how to maximize your profits with as little effort as possible?

6. Chris has been back from Australia. Incidentally, those pictures you sent me are wonderful.

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

2. As I see it

4. beforehand

6. structure

8. Respond

10. from the


12. follow UP


1. prospective

3. done your homework

5. endeavor

7. partners

9. take a crack

11. make a difference


1. encouraging



4. samples

5. references

6. advice

7. preparing 8. seriously

9.probably 10. exhibit

II. Translation

1.) Despite the inadequate length of the airstrip in this emergency landing, the veteran pilot manage to stop the plane after taxing for only a short while.

2) Grilled by the reporters, the movie star eventually blurted (out)

That she had undergone two plastic surgeries.

3) We have the technology and our partner has the capital. Working together, we’ll have the future in our hands.

4) I f I had known beforehand that you would bring so many friends home, I would have made better preparations. You see, I have barely enough food and drinks.

5) People gave generously upon learning that new school rooms with stronger structures were to be built in the earthquake-stricken area.


Well begin, half done, as the old saying goes. It is extremely important for a job applicant to do his homework while seeking employment. From my standpoint, whether or not one has done his homework clearly makes a difference in his chance of success.

I have a friend who is earning somewhere in the neighborhood of 100,000 dollars

a year in a large computer software company. He told me that from his own experience the decision makers who interview prospective employees like people who are well prepared. Those who make no endeavor to learn as much as about his prospective employers as possible don’t have much of a chance of success.

Part III Text B

Comprehension Check



2. c



4. a



6. b


1. 父母亲都觉得我不会被录用。“你要有后台才行。那可是一家美国机构,洛克菲勒基金会。你一定要有后台。”

2. 当然,不工作就没饭吃,除非嫁人,那叫做“终于有了归宿。”

3. 她留着新式的发型,是我所喜欢的那种满头卷发竖立着的式样,穿着下摆印有花纹的裙子。由于她怀孕已快足月,所以她向我走过来时似乎是她的肚子最先到达我的面前。

4. 我跟哈德先生说了,你刚才是因为害羞不安而没法做记录的。他挺不错的,只要慢慢习惯起来就性了。

Language practice


1) g

2) f

3) a

4) e

5) h

6) b

7) c

8) d


1) intricate

2) came at

3) administration

4) benign

5) get in

6) scaps

7) brand

8) carved

9) coiled

10) quivered

11) take on

12) put in a (good ) word

Unit 4

Text A

Text rganization 1.

Parts Paragrap


Main Ideas

Part One Paras


Introduction to Davos Man and the World Economic Forum

Part Two Paras


Debate over the impact of globalization on current society and culture

Part Three ppppPTThreeThree Paras


History of globalization and its recent trends and future prospects

Part Four Paras.


Globalization versus nationalism and the challenges it faces


Main Events

1. Davos man spends a lot of time in places other than his native country.

2. Davos Man sees their identity as a mater of personal choice, not an accident of birth.

3. Davos Man believes that globalization, the unimpeded flows of capital, labor and technology across national borders, is both welcome and unstoppable.

4. Davos Man sees the world increasingly as one vast, interconnected market-place in which corporations search for the most advantageous locations to buy, produce and sell their goods and services.



1) advantageous 2) let alone

3) witnessing/vanishing 4) landmark

5) entitled 6) displace

7) Establishment 8) patriotic/strengthen

9) contradictions 10) aspires

11) divorced 12) pendulums

2. 1) come to 2) dozed off

3) believed in 4) was set apart

5) take

in 6) sucks in

7) clean up 8) turn away

3. 1) For me, it makes no/little difference whether we go there by train or by bus.

2) Toyata has overtaken General Motors as the world’s biggest car maker.

3) Shortly after their marriage, Mr. Chambers was at odds with his wife over money matters.

4) Henry has been at the forefront of nanotechnology


5) She doesn’t even know how to boil potatoes, let alone cook a meal.

5. a) is increasingly/to accelerate/their investment


4. Cloning had been raised as a possibility decades ago, then dismissed, something that serious scientists thought was simply not going to happen anytime soon.

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

2. networking

4. growth

6. facilitate

8. outlook

10. patriotic

12. strike a



1. academics

3.a variety of

5. vanish

7. endorsing

9. sweeping aside

11. erasing


1. aided



4. connected

5. invested

6. features

7. prevailing 8. qualitatively

9. volume 10. Distinguishing

II. Translation

1.) Due to his pessimistic outlook on the European economy, John has moved his assets from Europe to elsewhere.

2) I like hiring young people. They are earnest learners and committed to work.

3) Unlike her girl friends who center their lives on their children, Mary cares more about her personal growth.

4) Why is it that a considerable number of colleagues are at odds with you?

5) The Chinese government has introduced a variety of policies to strengthen cooperation with developing countries.


Globalization has great implications for young Chinese. For example, young farmers are moving on a large scale to urban areas to look for jobs. And for those young people who aspire to study abroad or work in foreign-invested enterprises, English has become increasingly important. At the same time, a considerable number of overseas Chinese students have returned home in recent years, for they hold an optimistic outlook for the long-term growth of the Chinese economy. The internet has strengthened the links between Chinese young people and those elsewhere. They follow the latest trend and copy foreign fashi ons. Some of them don’t seem to care for traditional Chinese virtues, let alone carry them forward, which has given rise to worries that the traditional Chinese culture might one day vanish.

Part III Text B

Comprehension Check



2. a



4. b



6. d


1. 如果9/11 有什么引人注目的地方,那就是恐怖主义者们来自世界上全球化程度最低、最不开放、融合程度最低的地方:沙特阿拉伯、也门、阿富汗和巴基斯坦西北部。

2. “全球化疲劳在欧美仍很显著,而在中国和印度这样的地方,你会发现人们急切地想参与到经济扩进程中来,”印度国大党的首席经济顾问杰伦兰密施说。

3. 印度大多数人是不是还生活在贫穷的乡村?确实如此。我们是不是需要强迫富裕的西方国家进一步开发市场,好让贫穷国家销售它们最擅长的东西;食品和纺织品,以使全球化更公平呢?当然需要。

4. 一,全球化有优点也有缺点,但如果参与全球化的国家有恰当的制度和管理,它们就能从中获得最大的好处,并且能缓和最不利的方面造成的影响,

Language practice


1) d

2) f

3) e

4) a

5) b

6) g

7) h

8) c


1) globalizing

2) software

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