现代农林英语-转基因植物-R e a d i n g-
E x e r c i s e s翻译-
GM Crops:Food of Future?
Genetically-modified crops have made a big splash in the news lately.
During the Oxford Farming Conference, held in London early this month, the British government’s chief scientist, Professor John Beddington, warned that Britain must embrace genetically-modified(GM) crops and cutting-edge developments to avoid catastrophic food shortages and future climate change (The Guardian, 7January 2010). 本月初，在伦敦举行的牛津农业会议上，英国政府首席科学家John Beddington
This announcement came under fire from farmers, academics and environmental groups.
They fear that GM seeds will erode traditional farmers’ rights and practices, contaminate seed supplies, and increase farmers’ dependence on private monopolized agricultural resources.
In recent years, hundreds of millions of acres around the world (the US tops the list followed by Canada) have been planted with GM seeds.
These seeds derived from organisms whose DNA has been modified through genetic engineering.
They are altered using lab techniques that make a particular crop drought-
tolerant,resistant to pests, or richer in a particular nutrient.
There are many concerns about GM foods, including issues relating to health, the environment and contamination.
人们对转基因食品有许多担忧，包括与健康、环境和污染有关的问题。Environmentalists and farmers fear that genetically-engineered insect-resistant crops could harm beneficial insects and upset-ecosystem balances.
环保人士和农民害怕转基因抗虫作物会伤害有益的昆虫，破坏生态平衡。Some scientists share their concern that genes inserted into plant or animal foods may inadvertently create new allergens (substances that cause allergies in some individuals) or toxins.
There are also concerns about the overall threat to the seed diversity and the healthy diversity of our food supply.
Climate change and its current and potential impacts on food supplies have an increasing profile globally.
气候变化及其现状和食物的潜在影响在全球有越来越多的情况(侧面信息) Increasing global population and urbanization combined with the need to combat climate change, means the world will need to produce more food over the next decades, using less land, less water, less fertilizer and less pesticide.
In the race to tackle the problems of climate change, a growing number of countries are viewing GM crops as a vital tool for feeding a growing world population from a limited supply of agricultural land.
According to Eldis, a database and email service of information source on international development, ‘Transgenic crops, with a traits like drought-tolerance or the ability to use nitrogen more efficiently, are proposed as vital tools to enable farmers to adapt to a warmer,direr climate.’
UK-based PG Economics recently confirmed that genetically-modified(GM) crops had significantly reduced the release of greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural practices through less fuel use and additional soil carbon storage from reduced tillage associated with GM crops.
Critics of GM point out that GM crops are ineffective in tacking the underlying political and economic causes of food insecurity including the lack of access to land, water and energy.
They argue that GM food could be disastrous for small-scale farmers as the costs are much higher and they risk falling into debt.
Many farmers also believe that the profit of the agrochemical industry is main force behind the emergence of GM crops.
Genetically-modified crops could provide more and better choices for farmers, but so far, they represent a limited genetic ownership.
Four multinational corporations----Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer Crop Science and Dupont ---- now control most of the GM seeds and pesticides market----pesticides are made by the same companies that engineer the seeds.
To purchase genetically-modified seeds, a farmer must sign an intellectual property agreement in order to prevent the duplication of the genetic enhancements
为了购买转基因种子，农民必须签署知识产权协议，以防止基因增强的重复。With the total monopoly over GM Seeds, it is impossible for independent researchers to verify how these crops are actually performing.
Under the threat of litigation, scientists cannot test a seed to explore the different conditions under which it thrives or fails.
And perhaps most importantly, they cannot examine whether the genetically-modified crops lead to unintended environmental side effects.(Scientific American Magazine, August 2009)
Although agrochemical companies and scientists have a lot of time and money to convince people that there is really nothing to worry about, consumers have reacted strongly against GM food.
For many, the claim that having GM crops will help to feed the world’s growing population is invalid.
Many people in the world are suffering from hunger because they cannot afford to buy food, not because it is unavailable.
For GM crops to be seen as a solution for future food shortages, academic freedom should be guaranteed for scientists to work independently of biotechnology companies.
Governments should also introduce competition rules to prevent private sector monopolies and effective institutions to enforce them.
There is also a need to increase funds to public sector agricultural research in support for sustainable, safe and farmer-led agriculture.
现代大学英语精读翻译 Revised by Hanlin on 10 January 2021
第三课 T1. Today we are in the throes of a worldwide reformation of cultures, a tectonic shift of habits and dreams called, in the curious vocabulary of social scientists, “globalization”. (Para.1)今天我们正经历着一种世界范围文化剧变的阵痛,一种习俗与追求的结构性变化,用社会科学家奇特的词汇来称呼这种变化,就叫“全球化”. T2. Whatever their backgrounds or agendas, these critics are convinced that Western—often equated with American—influences will flatten every cultural crease, producing, as one observer terms it, one big “McWorld”. (Para.4) 不管他们的背景和纲领如何,这些对全球化持反对态度的人深信西方的影响—往往等同于美国的影响—会把所有文化上的差异一一压平,就像一位观察家所说的,最终产生一个麦当劳世界,一个充斥美国货和体现美国价值观的世界. T3. But I also discovered that cultures are as resourceful, resilient, and unpredictable as the people who compose them. (Para.8) 不过我也发现文化就如同构成文化的民族一样,善于随机应变,富有弹性而且不可预测.
现代农林英语课后翻译 Unit 1 Urban Agriculture Urban forestry involves (refers to / is concerned with) forestry activities introduced from wildness and countryside to populous cities where economy, culture, industry and business (commerce) are aggregated (clustered). Most metropolitan cities are currently prosperous but noisy (clamorous) with deteriorating ecological environment. People living in such a crowded and narrow space suffer from a worsening physical quality. To develop urban forestry can beautify living places, purify air, reduce noise and adjust local climate (microclimate), so that the living quality of urban people can be improved. Generally, urban forestry has provided a new approach to the urban environmental problems. 城市林业是把林业由野外、农村引进人口稠密的经济文化与工商业集中的城市的林业活动。目前大多数城市繁华、喧闹、生态环境恶化，生活在拥挤狭小的城市空间里的人们身体素质下降。发展城市林业可以美化环境、净化空气、减少噪音和调节小气候，改善城市人的生活质量。城市林业为解决城市的环境问题提供了一种新的途径。 Unit 2 Forestry Management With the development of both economy and civilization in human society, people have greatly improved their knowledge and understanding about forests. They therefore have also dramatically changed their social demands for forestry. As a result, more world attention has been widely paid to the function that forests play to maintain and improve environment. In 1992, UN Conference on Environment and Development bestowed priority on forestry and it became a political promise of the highest rank. In addition, it was particularly emphasized in the meeting that nothing has been more important than forestry among the problems that the world summit conferences will deal with. It is a distinct milestone in world civilization history to place forestry issues at such a high position. 随着人类社会的经济发展与文明进步，人们对森林的认识有了重大转变，社会对林业的需求也发生了很大的变化，森林维护与改善生态环境的功能在世界范围内得到了广泛的的重视和关注。1992年联合国召开的环境与发展大会以“赋予林业以首要地位”为最好级别的政治承诺，并特别强调“在世界最高级会议要解决的问题中，没有任何问题比林业更重要了”，将林业问题提高到前所未有的高度，这是世界文明发展史上一个重要的里程碑。 Unit 3 Biodiversity China is one of the countries boasting the richest biodiversity and also one of the earliest adopting the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Chinese Government has highly valued the work of biodiversity conservation by formulating and enforcing a series of related laws and regulations, so that a legal system on the conservation and biodiversity has fundamentally formed. In addition, it has established and consolidated the coordination mechanism on the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity as well as the scheme of Inter-ministerial Joint Meeting on biological species resources, laid down and issued the National Action Plan on the
各种农作物翻译 cereals, grain 谷物coarse grain 谷粒 rye 黑麦 barley 大麦 oats 燕麦 millet 粟, 黍 sorghum 高粱 bran 麸; 糠 flour, meal 粗磨谷粉wheat 小麦 spring wheat 春小麦 maize 玉米 (美作:corn) maize cob 玉米棒子(美作:corn cob) rice 稻 buckwheat 荞麦 tea 茶 coffee 咖啡 cocoa 可可树 coca 古柯 tobacco 烟草 hop 蛇麻; 啤酒花 tuber crops 块茎作物sugar cane 甘蔗 sugar beet 糖用甜菜potato 马铃薯 sweet potato 甘薯vegetables 蔬菜 carrot 胡萝卜 cassava, manioc 木薯turnip 芜菁 yam 山药; 薯蓣 pulses, leguminous plants 豆类植物 bean 菜豆 pea 豌豆 chick-pea 鹰嘴豆 lentil 小扁豆 soya bean 大豆(美作:soybean) forage plants 饲料作物fodder grain 饲用谷物clover 三叶草 lucre, lucerne 苜蓿 (美作:alfalfa) textile plants 纤维植物cotton 棉; 草棉 flax 亚麻 hemp 大麻American agave 龙舌兰 sisal 剑麻; 西沙尔麻 kapok tree 木棉树 jute 黄麻 Manila hemp 马尼拉麻 raffia 酒椰 yucca 丝兰 oil plants 油料植物 sunflower 向日葵 groundnut, peanut 落花生 olive 油橄榄 olive tree 油橄榄树 sesame 芝麻 castor oil plant 蓖麻 rape seed 油菜籽 rubber tree 橡胶树 resin plant 树脂植物 mangrove 红树 fruits 水果 fruit tree 果树 grapevine 葡萄藤 grape 葡萄 农业专业词汇一 a horizon a 层 a humid acid a 型胡敏酸 a line 不育系 a priori 先天的 a priori probability 先验 概率 abandoned land 荒地 abattoir by product 屠宰 场副产物 abaxial 远轴的 abaxile 远轴的 abdomen 腹 abdominal 腹部的 abdominal aorta 腹织脉 abdominal apoplexy 腹率 中 abdominal appendage 腹肢 abdominal cavity 腹腔 abdominal fin 腹 abdominal foot 腹足 abdominal gland 腹腺 abdominal leg 腹足 abdominal reflex 腹壁反 射 abdominal respiration 腹 呼吸 abdominal segment 腹节 abdominal wall 腹壁 abducens nerve 外展神经 abducent nerve 外展神经 abduction 外展 abductor 展肌 abductor muscle 展肌 aberration 畸变 abies 冷杉属 abietic acid 松脂酸 abiogenesis 自然发生 abiosis 死亡 abiotic 非生物的 abiotic factor 非生物因 素 ablactation 断乳 ablation 切断术 ablepharia 无睑 ablepharon 无睑 ablephary 无睑 ablution 清洗 abnormal behaviour 变态 习性 abnormal climate 异常气 候 abnormal division 错分裂 abnormal egg 异常卵 abnormal estrus 异常发情 abnormal high temperature 异常高温 abnormal ovum 异常卵子 abnormal spermium 异常精 子 abnormal value 异常值 abomasitis 皱胃炎 abomasum 第四胃 aboral 反口的 aboral pole 反口极 abortin 龙毒素 abortion 龙 abortive 龙的 abortive grain 秕粒 abortive infection 顿挫 性感染 abortive pollen 败育花粉 abortive transduction 败 育转导 aboveground part 地上部 分 abscess 脓肿 abscisin 脱落素 abscission 切掉 abscission layer 离层 absinthe 亚洲蒿 absolute age 绝对年龄 absolute alcohol 绝对酒 精 absolute dried soil 绝对 干土 absolute error 绝对误差 absolute extreme 绝对极 值 absolute frequency 绝对 频率 absolute humidity 绝对湿 度 absolute lethal 绝对致死 absolute milk production 绝对产奶量 absolute period of livestock use 家畜绝对利 用年限 absolute quantity 绝对量 absolute temperature 绝 对温度 absolute value 绝对值 absorbability 吸收能力 absorbent 吸收剂;吸收的 absorbing capacity 吸收 能力 absorbing complex 吸附复 合体 absorbing function 吸收 机能 absorbing velocity of fertilizer 肥料吸收速度 absorption 吸收 absorption capacity 吸收 容量 absorption coefficient 吸收系数 absorption obstacle 吸收 障碍 absorption ratio 吸收率 absorptive 吸收的 absorptive amount 吸收量 absorptive cell 吸收细胞 absorptive hair 吸收毛 absorptive tissue 吸收组 织 absorptivity 吸收力
Unit 1 一，Views on language： 1、Structural view （language competence）结构主义语言观 —The founder：Saussure，lasen freeman&long —The structural view of language sees language as a linguistic system made up of various subsystems：1、the sound system（phonology）2、sound combinations（morphology）the discrete units of meaning 3、the system of combining units of meaning for communication（syntax） —The structural view limits knowing a language to knowing its structural rules and vocabulary 2 、Functional view功能主义语言观 —Representative：Johnson、marrow、swain canal (the core: grammar) —The function view not only sees language as a linguistic system but also a means for doing things功能不仅认为语言是一个语言系统,但也做事情的一种方式 —Learners learn a language in order to be able to doing things with it Use the linguistic structure to express functions 3、Interactional view 交互语言观（communicative competence） —Emphasis：appropriateness —Language is a communicative tool，which main use is to build up and maintain social relations between people —Learners need to know the rules for using the language in certain context 二，View on language learning语言学习观 1.Process-oriented theories:强调过程are concerned with how the mind organizes new information such as habit formation, induction, making inference, hypothesis testing and generalization. 2.Condition-oriented theories: 强调条件emphasize the nature of the human and physical context in which language learning takes place, such as the number of students, the kind of input learners receives, and the atmosphere. 3.Behavioristtheory,(Skinner and waston raynor) A the key point of the theory of conditioning is that” you can train an animal to do anything if yo u follow a certain procedure which has three major stages, s timulus, response, and reinforcemen t B the idea of this method is that language is learned by constant repletion and the reinforcement of the teacher. Mistakes were immediately corrected, and correct utterances were immediately praised. 4.Cognitive theory:Chomsky)thinks that language is not a form of behavior,it is an intricate rule-based system a nd a large part of language acquisition is the learning of this system.There are a fin ite number of grammatical rules in the system and with knowledge of these an infinite number of sentences can be produced. 5.Constructivist theory:(John Dewey)the constructivist theory believes that learning is a proces in which the learner constructs meaning based on his/her own experiences and what he/he r already knows 6.Socio-constructivist theory: (Vygotsky) he emphasizes interaction and engagement with the tar get language in a social context based on the concept of “Zone of Proximal Development” (Z
我们像在暖房里种花那样养孩子是错误的。我们必须让他们接触各种社会问题，因为不久他们就将作为公民来应对这些问题。 It was wrong to raise our children the way we grow flowers in the greenhouse. We must expose them to all social problems because very soon they will be dealing with them as responsible citizens. 随着时间的推移，我们不可避免地会越来越多地卷入国际事务。而冲突必然会发生，因为国家之间总有不同的观点和利益。 As time goes on we are inevitably going to get more and more involved in international affairs. And conflicts are sure to occur because there always exists different views and interests among nations 我们为我们的成就而骄傲，我们有理由感到骄傲。但是我们永远不能变得狂妄，不然我们就会失去我们的朋友。 We are proud of our accomplishments, and we have reason to be. But we must never become arrogant. Otherwise we will lose our friends. 信息现在唾手可得。一个普通的电脑就能储存一个普通图书馆的信息。 Information is now easily available. An average computer can store the information of a small library. 那家建筑公司没有资格操作这个项目。他们没有任何法律文件能证明他们具备必要的专门技术。我们必须找一个专门建造歌剧院的公司。 That construction company is not qualified to handle the project. They do not have any legal document to certify that they have the necessary expertise. We must find a company that specializes in building theatres. 这些智囊团不作决策。他们力图提出一些对决策者十分有用的新主意和深刻的分析。These think tanks do not make decisions. They are out to generate new ideas and penetrating analyses that will be extremely useful for decision makers. 国内生产总值不是一切。如果人民的生活质量没有真正改善的话，我们国家就不能说已经现代化了。 The growth of GDP is not everything. Our country cannot be said to have been modernized unless the quality of our people?s lives is really improved. 虽然那时候我们在很多方面都很困难，但作为孩子我们仍然幸福，因为有干净的空气、水；江河湖泊里有很多鱼、螃蟹，黄鳝；田野里有花，有树，有鸟。 Poor as we were in many ways at that time, we were still quite happy as children, for there was clean air, clean water, a lot of fish, crabs and eels in the rivers, lakes and ponds; and a lot of flowers, trees and birds in the fields.
现代农林英语课后翻译（完整版+全文排版） 的 A.汉译英 城市林业是把林业由野外、农村引进人口稠密的经济文化与工商业集中的城市的林业活动。目前大多数城市繁华、喧闹、生态环境恶化，生活在拥挤狭小的城市空间里的人们身体素质下降。发展城市林业可以美化环境、净化空气、减少噪音和调节小气候，改善城市人的生活质量。城市林业为解决城市的环境问题提供了一种新的途径。 Urban forestry involves (refers to / is concerned with) forestry activities introduced from wildness and countryside to populous cities where economy, culture, industry and business (commerce) are aggregated (clustered). Most metropolitan cities are currently prosperous but noisy (clamorous) with deteriorating ecological environment. People living in such a crowded and narrow space suffer from a worsening physical quality. To develop urban forestry can beautify living places, purify air, reduce noise and adjust local climate (microclimate), so that the living quality of urban people can be improved. Generally, urban forestry has provided a new approach to the urban environmental problems. B.英译汉 B. 社区的物质框架结构被称为它的基础设施。这些在城市里发挥作用的庞然大物可以被分为绿色和灰色两种。绿色结构是为乔木、灌木、草地所覆盖的区域，而灰色结
一．句子翻译练习；英译汉 1. It is forbidden to dismantle it without permission so as to avoid any damage to its parts. 严禁乱拆,以免损坏该设备的零件。 2. All living things must, by reason of physiological limitations, die. 由于生理上的局限, 一切生物总是要死亡的。 3. The removal of minerals from water is called softening. 去除水中的矿物质叫做软化。 4. Gene piracy is not new. 窃取基因不是新鲜事。 5. All plants and animals need carbon for growth. 所有的动植物均需要碳才能生长。 6. Failure to fix these symbols in mind keeps students from mastering the mathematical subjects they take up. 由于未能记住这些符号,使得许多学生无法掌握他们选修的教学课程。 7. This higher cost is not entirely due to the shape of the part, or the use of a more expensive metal. 成本教高不完全是由于部件的形状,也不是由于使用的金属比较昂贵。 8. A chicken is a suitable specimen for the study of the general external features of a bird. 鸡是研究禽类外部特征的合适范例。 9. The flow of electrons is from the negative zinc plate to the positive copper plate. 电子从负的锌极流向正的铜极。 10. As a ship is loaded, it sinks deeper into the water, displacing an additional amount of water equal to the weight of the added load. 船装了货吃水更深,其排开的附加水量等于所装货的重量。 11. Non-mobile robots, capable of learning to perform an industrial task and then of being left to perform it tirelessly, are even now in use in industrial plants all over the world. 不能行走的机器人能学会做工,并能孜孜不倦地工作,今天在世界各地的工厂里得到了使用。 12. The result of the invention of the steam engine was that human power was replaced by mechanical power. 蒸汽机发明的结果是, 机械力代替了人力。 13. Agricultural technique spreading centers have been set up everywhere in that province, helping farmers to do their work in a more scientific way. 该省已普遍成立了农技推广中心,帮助农民以更加科学的方法种田。 14. When two bodies oscillate at the same frequency, they are said to be in resonance. 当两个物体以相同的频率震动时, 我们说它们处于共振状态。 15. Temperature is changed quickly from room temperature to 125 ℃and is held there for at least 15 minutes. 使温度很快从室温升到125℃, 并至少保持15 分钟。 16. After sealing the header is cleaned and then the leads are clipped to the desired length. 封焊后把管座清洗干净,然后把引线剪到所需长度。 17. The damage caused by acid rain can be alleviated by adding lime to lakes, rivers and streams and/or their catchments' areas. 往湖泊、河流和溪流及(或)它们的集水区中撒石灰,可以减轻酸雨所造成的损害。
（开放专科）英语教学法期末复习资料 Ⅰ. Choose the best answer Directions: In this part, you are given ten questions which are followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Read the choices carefully and choose the one that can best answer the question. 1. Which of the following is characteristic of children in learning a foreign language? A. They pay more attention to meaning than to form. B. They have a clear purpose in learning a foreign language. C. They can monitor their own learning. D. They can concentrate for a long time in class. 2. Which of the following is focused on writing? A. Labeling pictures according to their contents. B. Sequencing the pictures according to the story. C. Matching the pictures with the headings. D. Commenting on the pictures. 3. Which of the following activities helps train logical thinking best*. A. Story telling. B. Finding patterns. C. Interviewing. D. Mind mapping. 4. Which of the following should we examine if we want to assess the students' intrapersonal intelligence? A. Performance in a discussion. B. Posters. C. Learning diaries. D. Performance in an interview. 5. What does the following practise? I want you to send ^ it out in ^ a minute. I have collected a ^ lot^ of monkey stamps. A. Stress. B. Intonation. C. Pronunciation. D. Liaison. 6. Which of the following can help to present A. Realia. B. Miming. C. Examples. D. Pictures. 7. What strategy does "creating a situation for students to use the words" help to train? A. Association. B. Association. C. Contextualization. D. Collocation. 8. Which of the following activities can be used at the practice stage of vocabulary instruction? A. Completion exercises. B. Reading to discover the meaning of words. C. Cross-word puzzles. D. Teacher explaining the usage of words. 9. Which of the following is a communication activity? A. Bingo. B. Information transfer. C. Substitution. D. Twenty questions. 10. Which of the following can train oral proficiency? A. Flow chart dialogue. B. Distant dictation. C. Sequencing pictures. D. Labeling pictures. 11. Which of the following activities help to train reading? A. Drawing according to oral instructions. B. Designing praising cards.
Lesson Eight The Kindness of Strangers Mike Mclntyre 1. One summer I was driving from my home town of Tahoe City, Calif, to New Orleans. In the middle of the desert, I came upon a young man standing by the roadside. He had his thumb out and held a gas can in his other hand. I drove right by him. There was a time in the country when you' d be considered a jerk if you passed by somebody in need. Now you are a fool for helping. With gangs, drug addicts, murderers, rapists, thieves lurking everywhere, "I don't want to get involved" has become a national motto. 2. Several states later I was still thinking about the hitchhiker. Leaving him stranded in the desert did not bother me so much. What bothered me was how easily I had reached the decision. I never even lifted my foot off the accelerator. 3. Does anyone stop any more? I wondered. I recalled Blanche DuBois's famous line: "I have always depended on the kindness of strangers." Could anyone rely on the kindness of strangers these days? One way to test this would be for a person to journey from coast to coast without any money, relying solely on the good will of his fellow Americans. What kind of Americans would he find? Who would feed him, shelter him, carry him down the road? 4. The idea intrigued me. 5. The week I turned 37, I realized that I had never taken a gamble in my life. So I decided to travel from the Pacific to the Atlantic without a penny. It would be a cashless journey through the land of the almighty dollar. I would only accept offers of rides, food and a place to rest my head. My final destination would be Cape Fear in North Carolina, a symbol of all the fears I'd have to conquer during the trip. 6. I rose early on September 6, 1994, and headed for the Golden Gate Bridge with a 50-pound pack on my back and a sign displaying my destination to passing vehicles: "America." 7. For six weeks I hitched 82 rides and covered 4223 miles across 14 states. As I traveled, folks were always warning me about someplace else. In Montana they told me to watch out for the cowboys in Wyoming, In Nebraska they said people would not be as nice in Iowa. Yet I was treated with kindness everywhere I went. I was amazed by people's readiness to help a stranger, even when it seemed to run contrary to their own best interests. 8. One day in Nebraska a car pulled to the road shoulder. When I reached the window, I saw two little old ladies dressed in their Sunday finest." I know you're not supposed to pick up hitchhikers, but it's so far between towns out here, you feel bad passing a person," said the driver, who introduced herself as Vi. I didn't know whether to kiss them or scold them for stopping. This woman was telling me she'd rather risk her life than feel bad about passing a stranger on the side of the road. 9. Once when I was hitchhiking unsuccessfully in the rain, a trucker pulled over, locking his brakes so hard he skidded on the grass shoulder. The driver told me he was once robbed at knifepoint by a hitchhiker. "But I hate to see a man stand out in the rain," he added. "People don't have no heart anymore." 10. I found, however, that people were generally compassionate. Hearing I had no money and would take none, people bought me food or shared whatever they happened to have with them. Those who had the least to give often gave the most. In Oregon a house painter named Mike noted the chilly weather and asked if I had a coat. When he learned that I had "a light one," he drove me to his house, and handed me a big green army-style jacket. A lumber-mill worker named Tim invited me to a simple dinner with his family in their shabby house. Then he offered me his tent. I refused, knowing it was probably one of the family's most valuable possessions. But Tim was determined that I have it, and finally I agreed to take it. 11. I was grateful to all the people I met for their rides, their food, their shelter, and their gifts. But what I found most touching was the fact that they all did it as a matter of course.