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九年级英语人教版第三单元知识点汇总

九年级英语人教版第三单元知识点汇总

一、句型。

1.Could you please tell me where the post office is ?

=Could you please tell me which is the way to the post office?

= Could you please tell me how I can get to the post office?

= Could you please tell me how to get to the post office?

Sure, it’s on the right down the street.

2. I beg your pardon. \ Beg your pardon. \Pardon (me).

没听懂别人的话或希望重复时,此时用升调. 要表明因自己与对方有不同的见解,可能引起对方不快时; 做错了事向对方道歉时,打断别人的话,或者想引起别人的注意时,此时用降调.

pardon sb for sth \doing sth 原谅某人做某事

I hope you will pardon me for doing so. 我希望你原谅我这样做.

3. Shouting did help. (did + 动词原形加强语气) 大喊的确有帮助。

二、短语。

1. a pair of shoes \ shorts \ pants \ socks \ glasses \ scissors \ jeans \ gloves \

chopsticks

2.go past = pass 经过

3.start \ begin with … 以(从)… 开始(反)end with

4.no problem 1) 没问题2)不用谢

5.go on the new ride 1) 搭乘过山车2)开启新征程

go on to do(做完一件事,继续做另一件事)

go on doing(继续做原来所做的事情)

go on (with something):继续(某事),with后面接的是名词。

go on只是go+on 表示“(事情等)进行(得怎么样)”

go on a trip \ a journey \ holiday \ vacation 旅行、度假

go for a trip \ a journey \ a holiday \ a ride \ a walk \ a picnic

去旅行、度假、兜风、散步、野餐、

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/cc2718965.html
e on 快点;加油

7.go east 向东行

如:where are we heading?--Go east. 我们朝哪儿走?向东。

8.in different situations 在不同的场合

9.parking lot 停车场No parking 禁止停车

10.lead into 1) 引起lead into a war 2) 导入

11.know sb well 很了解某人

12.ask for information询问信息

13.on the\ one’s way to在去某地的路上

14.in a rush= in a hurry匆忙地rush \hurry to 急忙赶往

15.mail (send) a letter 寄信

16.重现短语:

look forward to 盼望期待

turn left\right 向左\向右转

on one’s \ the right在右边

at the door 在门旁

get a dictionary 得到\ 买到一本字典

三、重点词汇。

1.suggest用法

(1)suggest+名词。如:He suggested a two-day-long stay in Beijing on the way

home.

(2)suggest+动名词。如:My father suggested calling for a doctor at once.

(3)suggest + that从句。表明、暗示、建议

2. get的用法

(1) 取、拿(类似于bring,take)get sb sth = get sth for sb

I'll get you a drink. [我去个你拿杯饮料来。

(2) 到、去(类似于go, come)get to spl \sb (=reach \ arrive in (at)

(3) 变得(强调突然的变化或天气的变化)The weather is getting cold. 天气逐渐变冷。

(4) 使(请)……(get+名词+宾补)

He got Uncle Wang to repair his computer. \ He got his computer repaired.

What he said got everyone laughing. 他说的话使大家笑起来。

We've got everything ready. 我们已把一切都准备好了。

四、单词辨析

1. past pass pass by

pass = go past + 某地;pass by 其后可接某地,也可不接某地。

2.advice suggestion

advice是不可数名词,suggestion是可数名词

3.staff clerk

clerk指在办公室、商店、银行柜台办公的人员,是个单数概念,一般译为“文员”“办事员”等,如bank clerk。

staff则指在同一个单位部门工作的全体职工、全体工作人员,是个复数概念,一般译为“工作人员”,如Hotel staff(酒店工作人员)。

4.by beside near around

1) by和beside均表示“在……旁边”,常可换用

例:There is a chair by the table. 桌子边上有一把椅子。

Come and sit beside (/by) me. 过来,坐在我边上。

2) near,around表示“在……附近”,表示的距离比by和beside稍远些,也时

常换用

例:There is a theatre near his home. 他家附近有一家剧院。

5.near nearly nearby

1)near nearby这两个词都可表示“附近的”。nearby在句中只可用作定语,可前置也可后置; near则既可用作定语,又可用作表语,作定语时只能前置。

2)nearby 作副词,在附近;如:build a school nearby 在附近建一所学校near 作副词,临近,近如:come near 走近

3)near 还可以作介词,在……附近;nearly 副词,几乎,差不多

6.correct right

correct含有按标准或规则往往是“正确”的意味; 而right含有按道德规范往往是“正确”的意味。有时这两个词意思相同,都表示“正确”,多数情况下可互换。例如:

Your answer is right〔correct〕.你的答案是正确的。其区别是:

7.ask request require

ask为泛指,ask的语气较弱,可用于朋友之间,是口语中常用的request和require 为特指。

request 表示“有礼貌的请求;正式的请求”,是下对上的要求;

require “命令,要求”之意,指上对下的要求。

I request him to help.我请求他帮忙

We require extra help.我们需要额外的帮助