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It distressed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failure.

2.他虽然失去了老板的欢心,但仍然装出一副高兴的样子(assume)He assured an air for cheerfulness, even though he lost favor with his boss.


Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange assortment of people.


He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.


We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner.

6.等到欢呼的掌声平息下来,那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲(die down)

After cheers and applause died down, the Nobel Prize Winner began his speech.

7.他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力,因此,他很少随大流(run with the crowd)

He is gifted with a sore of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd.

8.我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的,一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活(live up to)

I feel realities are after all very harsh, so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals.




My immediate boss is a typical workaholic,for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.



The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students’tremendous interest in the external world.



He always grabs a shower, a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.

4.既然你要离开公司了,你要在本周内清算账目。(straighten out)Since you are leaving the company, you should straighten out

the accounts within the week.

5.为了按时完成博士论文,他经常熬夜(stay up)

He often stays up late night in order to finish his .

dissertation on time.


Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one’s heart of hearts.



He is considered a natural for the post of the president, for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.

8. 他实在太普通了,丢人堆里根本找不着。(pick out)

He is just too common to be picked out from the crowed.

Unit 3

1、这所大学是世界上历史最悠久的高等学府之一(venerable)The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.


If one is deficient in practical experience, he can hardly make himself a success with only what he has acquired in class. 3、我火冒三丈,这片专题文章本周内必须写完,但老是被打断


I felt exasperated by constant interruptions, for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.

4、他认为用就问题来写一个当代的主题是滑稽可笑的(ludicrous)He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.


The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.


His daughter is very sedate for a girl of about ten, for she kikes reading more than playing.


The couple strolled hand-in0hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.

8、这个诗人在世时被普遍认为是一个怪癖的浪漫天才(eccentric)The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive.

Unit 4

1、毫无疑问,莎士比亚是各个时代剧作家相形见绌(overshadow)It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.


The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.

3、你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水(put a damper on)

It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.

4、年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星(make a fetish of)

Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.


They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.

6、他没有犯什么大错或大罪,不该受到如此严厉的惩罚(deserve)He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serous errors nor grave crimes.

7、我每次遇到他,他总是说一堆无聊的话(a whole lot of)Every time I met him, he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.


Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.

Unit 5

1、当哈姆雷特拿不定注意该采取什么行动时,他就装疯(feign)Hamlet feigned madness when he was hesitating what to do.

2、搪塞推诿是这生意人的惯用伎俩(prevarication)Prevarication is one of the techniques this businessman likes to employ.

3、真理之光有时太刺目,于是善意的谎言随处可见(ubiquitous)Sometimes the light of the truth is just too dazzling, so white lies are ubiquitous.


Many women in America profess that they are unhappy with their status as second-class citizens.

5、一时冲动之下,他失言抖出了秘密(blurt out)

On the impulse of the moment, he blurted out the secret.

6、你应该摆脱偏见,抵制诱惑,不让任何东西扭曲你的判断(warp)You should get rid of any prejudice, resist temptations and let

nothing warp your judgment.

7、他是一个过于敏感和富于想象的人,经常在头脑里编织一张复杂的网络(a tangled web)

Being over-sensitive and imaginative, he often weaves a tangled web in his mind.


He is very popular among his peers as he always tries to spare others any trouble.

Unit 9

1.你应该提前告诉我你将去美国深造的事(in advance)

You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in United States.


He lavished too much care on his grandchildren.

3.各种新技术产业已经兴起(spring up)

Various new technology industries have sprung up.

4.许多英语单词源于拉丁语、希腊语和法语词汇(derive from)Many English words derive from Latin, Greek and French words.


A philosopher holds that contradictory oppositions are ubiquitous.

6.仁慈善良是他本性中不可缺少的一部分(part and parcel)

Kindness is part and parcel of his nature.


He possessed phenomenal memory and intelligence.


He is fastidious about what he eats and wears.

Unit 11

1、他的父母对他有很高的期望,他感到压力很大(feel weighted)He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.


He interpreted the incident in a favorable.

3、我很讨厌他,因为他特别喜欢诽谤他人(go out of one's way)

I detest him, for he often goes out of his light way to backbite others.


Many religious teachings urge people to transcend mundane success.

5、个人的主动性是促进事业发展的要素之一(initiative)Personal initiative is one of the essential elements in promoting your career.


I don't think it is a good method of reaching to spoon-feed students.


I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of next month, for I don't want to suffer from the stigma of having broken my promise.


I've got much information pertinent to the new policy in education.

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