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Unit 1 Growing Up

Part II Language Focus

V ocabulary







5.hold back


7.off and on




11.turn in



1.has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office.

2.was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not.

3.a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time.

4.gave the command the soldiers opened fire.

5.buying bikes we’ll keep turning them out.


1.reputation, rigid, to inspire

2.and tedious, What’s more, out of date ideas

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/d516757467.html,pose, career, avoid showing, hardly hold back








7.was violating










8.in, in


10.on/upon Comprehensive Exercises Ⅰ. Cloze


1.hold back





6.off and on

7.turn out/in













Ⅱ. Translation


1.As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.

2.His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold.

3.Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.

4.It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. /Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.

5.It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. /The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.


Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.

One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye /she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be bale to lead a useful life.

Unit 2 Friendship

I. V ocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases given in the box.

1) absolutely

2) available

3) every now and then

4) are urging/ urged

5) destination

6) mostly

7) hangs out

8) right away

9) reunion

10) or something

11) estimate

12) going ahead

2. Rewriting

1) It seemed that his failure in the examination was still on his mind.

2) He was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.

3) She was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner.

4) Something has come up and I am afraid I won’t be able to accomplish the project on time.

5) The cost of equipping the new hospital was estimated at $2 million.

3. Complete the sentences.

1) were postponed the awful is estimated

2) reference not available an kind of

3) not much of a teacher skips go ahead

II. Collocation






6.to on



III. Usage

1.more or less

2.kind of/ sort of


4.kind of/ sort of

5.more or less

6.or something

Comprehensive exercises

I. Cloze


1)choked up






















II. Translation

1.Translate the sentences.

1) Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.

2) Mary seems to be very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by heart.

3) Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum.

4) He stayed in Australia with his parents all the way through WWⅡ.

5) Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with my classmates.

2.Translate the passage.

It is not easy to keep in touch with friends far away. This is true in my case.

It has been a couple of years since I left my old neighborhood and all the friends there. I have been meaning to write to them but things come up and I just don’t seem to find the time. They are al ways on my mind, however, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up correspondence with them in the future.

Unit 3

I V ocabulary


1) brief 2) in terms of 3) cut off 4) tend 5) anyway 6)precise 7)in the form of 8) initiative 9) convey 10) in two minds 11) concept 12) grasp


1) has ensured their team a place in the Cup final.

2)medical workers’ responsibility to heal the wounded and rescue the dying.

3)entertain as well as educate the learner.

4)can do without air and water.

5)is likely to be held in June.


1)lies in contact between

2)basis of is likely sufficient at the moment

3)the steady will be highly

II Word Formation

1 regained

2 undecided

3 undersupplied

4 disabled

5 precondition

6 foresight

7 mispronounced

8 enrich IIIAntonyms

1) majority 2) accepted 3)increased 4)weaknesses

5) local 6) late 7)wrong 8)false

Comprehensive exercises

I Close


1)highly 2)bring about 3)evident 4)rate 5)sufficient 6)put across 7)proportion 8)Hence 9)ensure

2. Theme-related

1)understand 2)travel 3)practical 4)use 5)Another 6)likely 7)affect 8)developments 9)supply 10) Someday

II Translation

1) As is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious problems humans are faced with.

2) Competition for these jobs is very tough –we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year/ there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.

3) As the facts show, educational programs need to fit into the national plan for economical development.

4) The car burns too much gas, and moreover, the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.

5) To understand a great international event, we, first of all, need to consider the historical and political background to it.

2 It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that modern technology has brought about. Back then only a small proportion of the population enjoyed the comforts of life. The majority didn’t even have sufficient food, not to speak of/ let alone the privilege of being educated. However, many people blame modern technology for creating so many problems. They want to slow down the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back.

Unit 4

V ocabulary

1) wreck 2) balance 3) approaching 4) handle 5) discard 6) Above all 7) diet 8) do with 9) checked on 10) cleaned up 11) weekly 12) principles


1) to look for survivors were abandoned after it had been/was determined that all the people in the sunken ship had died.

2) was amazed that Bob left a well-paid job travel around the world.

3) for a loan has been turned down by many a bank as her business is small and she could provide no guarantee.

4) express her thoughts with precision, so people often misunderstand her.

5) will weaken our determination to modernize our country in the shortest possible time.


1) for sale hunting for be amazed by

2) become skilled handle their loans

3)character by calling on he passed away

II Confusable words

1.1) personal 2) personnel

2.1) sometime 2) Sometimes 3)some time 4) sometime

III Euphemism

de hcgabf

Comprehensive Exercises

I Close

1. Text-related

1)sponsored 2)determination 3) turned away 4) assumed 5) capacity

6)skilled 7)loan 8) character 9) hunting 10) for sale 11) send for

2. Theme-related

1)save 2)recent 3)modest 4) grow 5) dream

6) immigrants 7)business 8) engineering 9)invest 10) rich

III Translation

1)It is reported that UN mediators have worked out a plan which they hope will be acceptable to both sides.

2)Doris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by giant snakes.

3)Earthquakes, typhoons and other natural disasters cannot be prevented, but action can be taken to protect life and property.

4)I bought a new issue of my favorite sports magazine and hurried home, anxious to amuse myself reading it.

5)Helen lacks confidence. I’ve never known anyone so unsure of herself.


After graduating from college, Tony decided to start his own business. At the beginning, many a bank turned down his request for a loan. But he was not a bit discouraged, and continued to call on one banker after another seeking help. Impressed by his determination and optimism, one banker finally agreed to loan him the money. Now he has become a wealthy businessman. Talking about his amazing achievement, Tony says that it is important to create rather than wait for opportunities.

Unit 5

V ocabulary


1) monthly 2) acquaintances 3)classic 4) look; in the eye 5)manufactured 6) options 7)finance

8) replacement 9) survived 10) pick out 11) married 12) grabbed at


1) survived a car crash that killed both her parents.

2) almost embarrassed to death when Sarah read my poem out to the whole class.

3) of the Children’s Hospital will care for the seriously injured pupils.

4) several phone calls making inquiries about the position of the Chief Financial Officer.

5) straighten out all your financial problems if you join our club.


1) inquiry; died of hunger; people survied2) Instantly; give up his; retire;

replace him; executive 3) his beloved; odd jobs; and all that

II Word Formation


2. survivors

3. newly

4. marketable

5. monthly

6. competition

7. conceivable


III. Usage

1.the poor

2. The deceased/The dead

3. the disabled

4. the French

5. The accused

6. the young

7. the unemployed

8. the latter…the former…

Comprehensive Exercises



1)died of 2) instantly 3) classic 4)ask around 5) surviving 6) retire 7)executive 8) replacement

9)stock 10) look…in the eye


1)impressed 2) diligence 3) Instead 4) Contrary 5) professionally 6) perform 7) personal

8) balance 9) commitment 10) revealed

II. Translation


1) I’m not sure where you can find a good carpenter---you’d better ask around.

2) Feeling a little embarrassed, he quickly cleared his throat and looked up at the painting on the wall.

3) Michael was survived by three sons, two daughters, and his wife Elizabeth.

4) As a financial expert, William advised us to invest our money in the stock market.

5) We small retailers can’t compete with supermarkets in pricing and sales.


My dad is a hard-working executive of a manufacturing firm. He works six days a week. Every day he has to straighten out various kinds of problems so that he often stays up late/nights. However, he tries his best to balance/maintain balance between work and family. On Sundays

my dad usually stays at home and cares for us as much as he can. To my greatest joy, he cooks our favorite dished and plays ball with us.

Unit 6

V ocabulary















1) The sickly smell of carpets and furniture in the bedroom disgusts me.

2) Mary stopped corresponding with Henry after the death of her mother.

3) A radio transmitter is best located at an isolated place far from cities.

4) I was so absorbed in the game on TV that I didn’t hear Martin come in.

5) The rough surface of the basketball helps players grip the ball.


1) to broaden; make their way

2) disgusts; take a chance on

3) the grand; and overseas; reflected

1. 1) frightened 2) afraid/ frightened

2. 1) alike/similar 2) similar

3. 1) alive 2) living

4. 1) sleeping 2) asleep

1.1) disappointed 2) disappointment 3) disappointing 4) disappoint

5) disappointingly 6) disappointing

2. 1) attractive 2) attract 3) attraction 4) attractively 5) unattractively

6) unattractive

Comprehension Exercises



1)Identifying 2) gripped 3) margins 4)corresponding 5) overseas 6)little 7)hesitate

8)grateful 9) made my way 10) going my way

2. Theme-related

1)first 2)ring 3)Nor 4) another 5) threw 6) deliberately 7) reasoned 8) himself

9) restaurant 10) matter



1) Before I went off to university, my grandfather gave me a few words of wisdom which impressed me deeply.

2)Never tell my parents about my injuries and I’ll be very grateful to you (for it).

3)At the meeting some of our colleagues put forward sensible suggestions about improving our working environment.

4)The management has/have agreed to grant the workers a 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.

5)It was very thoughtful of the hostess to give the house a thorough cleaning before we arrived.

2.Not rich himself, Uncle Li never hesitates to help others. Previous to/Before his retirement, through Project Hope he located the

addresses of two country kids who grew up in poor families but had a keen desire to study. From then on he sent them money regularly. Later the two made their way to college, and even got a chance to study overseas.

Unit 7

Content Questions

Pair Work

1.He thinks animals will probably do their best thinking when it serves their own purposes, not when scientists ask them to.

2.Because he believes they may encounter animal intelligence in their daily life.

3.He regards them as a new window on animal intelligence.

4.She wanted to get more pineapple.

5.He expanded the money supply by breading chips in two.

6.It shows he is clever and sly. He ate up the fruit leaving nothing but stems to share with Miles.

7.They say that animals cooperate when they learn it is in their interest to do so.

8.The author thinks that what behaviorists say is right, but he doesn’t think their explanation is satisfactory enough.

9.Because Orky was the most intelligent animal she had worked with.

10.Corky is a female whale because she is Orky’s mate and delivered

a baby whale.

11.Because she thought the orange must have rolled off somewhere inaccessible.

12.Towan hid his orange underneath his foot. The act reveals some animals are intelligent enough to know how to deceive.

Text Organization

1.Eugene Linden wants to tell the reader that animals do have, at least, some limited intelligence, and the personal experiences of those who are in close contact with animals are more convincing evidence than that any experiments can provide.

2.Let’s Make a Deal: Some animals are intelligent enough to know how

to bargain with people.

Tale of a Whale: Animals like whales can assess a situation and act accordingly.

Primate Shell Game: Animals can attempt to deceive.

Language Sense Enhancement

1.(1) controversy (2) consciousness (3) explore (4) serves their

own purposes

(5) encounter (6) lack of it (7) convinced (8) mental feats (9)

captivity (10) humans

Language Focus

I.V ocabulary

1.1) go (very) far 2) has expanded 3) in the interest(s) of 4) only to

5) encountered 6) has cooperated 7) assessed 8) (had) switched 9) horizons 10) gaze 11) disaster 12) wiped out

2.1) … a long/long running controversy over whether the book should be published or not

2) … felt relieved after her first meeting with Tom had gone smoothly

3) ... suddenly went wrong with my computer when I was in the middle of writing the essay

4) … is obvious that our company is still maintaining its composition as market leader in software.

5) … give in until they give her a pay rise

3.1) have undertaken, original, to explore

2) evidence convinced, underneath, extending to

3) to negotiate, encounter, to figure out, explore

II.Confusable Words

1. firstly

2. first, first

3. At first

4. First/Firstly

5. first

6. First

7. at first

8. first


1. animal intelligence whose

2. zoo keeper where

3. eye contact through what

4. money supply of what

5. killer whale what kind

6. baby whale how old

7. family member of what

8. sea turtle what kind/where

Comprehensive Exercises


1.(1) emergency (2) evidence (3) original (4) sizing up

(5) negotiates (6) reveal (7) make a deal (8) dominant

(9) in their interest(s) (10) deceiving (11) controversy

(12) judgment (13) explore

2.(1) protect (2) However (3) type (4) situation (5) sights

(6) together (7) rang (8) associate (9) without (10) environment


1.1) A local business undertook the project but went bankrupt before it was completed.

2) Let’s make a deal—you wash my car, and I’ll let you use it tonight.

3) We got to the village which we thought must have been wiped out in the severe earthquake, only to find it slightly damaged.

4) My garden is dry and shady—few plants thrive in that condition

5) Mystery still surrounds the exact truth behind the film star’s death/exact circumstance of the film star’s death.

2.When I was young I used to visit the zoo in my hometown. There what attracted me most was a couple of tigers, especially the male. They were dept in a huge iron cage at first, but later were released from it and moved to a place called Tiger Hill. Twenty years later I revisited the zoo and was relieved to find Tiger Hill was still there, but greatly extended. Moving around now were six tigers, old and young, instead of two!

Unit 8

Pair work

1.She was amazed at the author’s ability to do mental calculation.

2.Children can’t spell correctly; their knowledge of word history and geography is non-existent

3.He didn’t want to compete with the hard-working Asians at U.C.L.A. He preferred a less intellectually challenging life.

4.A modern industrial state cannot function with an idle, ignorant labor force.

5.To use the media to dramatize and drive home the message to today’s teenagers.

6.He is fed up with the book he is forced to red.

7.They can’t read or write. They place their hopes on their children.

8.He works as a cleaner in a factory owned by the Japanese.

9.Because he has no education, no useful skill, and no discipline.

10.Americans stop demanding good education foe children. Machines do all the complex work and there is little manual work to be done. America is poorer than Japan and European countries.

11.Hard work education, saving and discipline help a nation rise from the ashes.

12.He finally comes to realize the importance of study.

Work on your own


Part one paras.1-10

Teenagers’ idleness and ignorance will produce serious effects on all concerned and society as a whole.

Part two paras.11-24

Kevin 1990 comes to realize in his dream how greatly lack of education costs his forebears, himself, his children and the society they live in, and how important it is to study hard.


Part one

Teenagers’ intellectual laziness and ignorance

Part two

Kevin 1990, his forebears(with the exception of his intellectual father),and his children lead a poor, miserable life.

America is on the decline.

There is no law and order in the country.

America children have no chance to receive a good education. Businesses in America are owned by wealthy Europeans and Asians. Language sense enhancement

Indifference (1)

Summed up (2)

Preferred (3)

Financial (4)

Accumulated (5)

Intellectual (6)

Affect (7)

Industrial (8)

Idle (9)

Break down (10)

V ocabulary





3.is functioning






9.work up



12.was jammed


1. to be seriously affected by the rise in gas prices。

2. is a matter of total indifference to me.

3. drove home the point that they needed extra people

4. was found after they searched for it for a long time

5. had run out of water by the time they got to the camp


1. manual and complex its financial

2. was very upset make a living by swore was/became much better off

3. handful ignorant of paintings/ works summed up


1.The young man made $5 an hour in his summer job.

2.What made you change your mind?

3.I’m sure Jason will make a good lawyer.

4.The vet put something down the dog’s throat to make it vomit.

5.The story makes interesting reading.

6.Five and five make ten.

7.On foot they can only make about 20 miles a day.

8.I don’t think she’ll ever really make it to the top



(1) developing

(2) develop

(3) development

(4) develop

(5) developing developed


(1) amazed

(2) amazes

(3) amazingly

(4) amazing

(5) amazement

Comprehensive exercise



(1) complex


(3)make a living by






(9)wake up


(1) dormitory

(2) passing

(3) leaping

(4) department

(5) burned

(6) destroyed

(7) seriously

(8) marriages

(9) report

(10) perspective


1)Without his personal file, an applicant can hardly expect to get/ be employed as a teacher.

2)With enough ice, we would be able to chill the drinks.

3)In my humble opinion, reading us the most pleasant way to spend one’s leisure.

4)Some people said it was simply a miracle that the American athlete Michael Phelps won eight gold medals at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

5)The washing machine has broken down, so we have to wash our clothes by hand.

This morning I heard an interesting piece of news over my portable radio: a man of 36 and his son of 10 attend the same class competing with each other for high marks. The story goes/ It’s like this:

The man, Li Wei by name, was too idle to learn anything when young. With little education, with no useful skills, he could hardly earn an adequate living wage. His life experiences drove home to him the point that he had to acquire knowledge before he was able to accumulate wealth. So Li Wei swore that he would go to school with his son, determined to learn.


Unit 1 Part Ⅱ Reading Task Vocabulary Ⅰ1. 1)respectable 2)agony 3)put down 4)sequence 5)hold back 6)distribute 7)off and on 8)vivid 9)associate 10)finally 11)turn in 12)tackle 2. 1)has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office. 2)was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not. 3)a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’time. 4)gave the command the soldiers opened fire. 5)buying bikes we’ll keep turning them out. 3. 1)reputation; rigid; to inspire 2)and tedious; What’s more; out of date ideas 3)compose; career; avoid showing; hardly hold back Ⅱviolating Ⅲ;in upon Comprehensive Exercises ⅠCloze back; tedious; scanned; recall; vivid; off and on; turn out/in; career ; surprise; pulled; blowing; dressed; scene; extraordinary; image; turn; excitement ⅡTranslation As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to. 2)His girlfriend advised him to get out of /get rid of his bad habits of smoking before it took hold. 3)Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production. 4)It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. /Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. 5)It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. /The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. 2.Susan lost her legs because of/in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact she would never (be able to) walk again. One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life. Unit 2 Part ⅡReading Task Vocabulary Ⅰ1. 1)absolutely 2)available 3)every now and then 4)are urging/urged 5)destination 6)mostly 7)hangs out 8)right away 9)reunion 10)or something 11)estimate 12)going ahead 2. 1)in the examination was still on his mind. 2)was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game. 3)was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner. 4)has come up and I am afraid I won’t be able to accomplish the project on time. 5)of equipping the new hospital was estimated at﹩2 million. 3. 1)were postponed; the awful; is estimated 2)reference; not available; am kind of 3)not much of a teacher; skips; go ahead Ⅱ;on Ⅲor less of/sort of 4. kind of/sort of 5. more or less 6. or something Comprehensive Exercises ⅠCloze up; awful; practically; neighborhood; correspondence; available; destination; reunion; Mostly; postponing; absolutely ; savings; embarrassment; phone; interrupted; touch; envelope; signed; message; needed ⅡHalf an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home. 2)Mary looks as if she is very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by


Unit 4 Fresh Start In-Class Reading Fresh Start 新的开端 1当我父母开车离去,留下我可怜巴巴地站在停车场上时,我开始寻思我在校园里该做什么。我决定我最想做的就是平安无事地回到宿舍。我感到似乎校园里的每个人都在看着我。我打定主意:竖起耳朵,闭上嘴巴,但愿别人不知道我是新生。 2第二天早上我找到了上第一堂课的教室,大步走了进去。然而,进了教室,我又碰到了一个难题。坐哪儿呢?犹豫再三,我挑了第一排边上的一个座位。3“欢迎你们来听生物101 课,”教授开始上课。天哪,我还以为这里是文学课呢!我的脖子后面直冒冷汗,摸出课程表核对了一下教室——我走对了教室,却走错了教学楼。 4怎么办?上课途中就站起来走出去?教授会不会生气?大家肯定会盯着我看。算了吧。我还是稳坐在座位上,尽量使自己看起来和生物专业的学生一样认真。 5下了课我觉得有点饿,便赶忙去自助食堂。我往托盘里放了些三明治就朝座位走去,就在这时,我无意中踩到了一大滩番茄酱。手中的托盘倾斜了,我失去了平衡。就在我屁股着地的刹那间,我看见自己整个人生在眼前一闪而过,然后终止在大学上课的第一天。 6摔倒后的几秒钟里,我想要是没有人看见我刚才的窘相该有多好啊。但是,食堂里所有的学生都站了起来,鼓掌欢呼,我知道他们不仅看见了刚才的情景,而且下决心要我永远都不会忘掉这一幕。 7接下来的三天里,我独自品尝羞辱,用以果腹的也只是些从宿舍外的售货机上买来的垃圾食品。到了第四天,我感到自己极需补充一些真正意义上的食物。也许三天时间已经足以让校园里的人把我忘在脑后了。于是我去了食堂。 8我好不容易排队取了食物,踮脚走到一张桌子前坐下。突然我听到一阵熟悉的“哗啦”跌倒声。抬头看见一个可怜的家伙遭遇了和我一样的命运。当人们开始像对待我那样鼓掌欢呼的时候,我对他满怀同情。他站起身,咧嘴大笑,双手紧握高举在头顶上,做出胜利的姿势。我料想他会像我一样溜出食堂,可他却转身重新盛一盘食物。就在那一刻,我意识到我把自己看得太重了。


新视野大学英语(第二版)第一册Unit 1 III. 1. rewarding 2. communicate 3. access 4. embarrassing 5. positive 6. commitment 7.virtual 8. benefits 9. minimum 10. opportunities IV. 1. up 2. into 3. from 4. with 5. to 6. up 7. of 8. in 9. for 10.with V. 1.G 2.B 3.E 4.I 5.H 6.K 7.M 8.O 9.F 10.C Sentence Structure VI. 1. Universities in the east are better equipped, while those in the west are relatively poor. 2. Allan Clark kept talking the price up, while Wilkinson kept knocking it down. 3. The husband spent all his money drinking, while his wife saved all hers for the family. 4. Some guests spoke pleasantly and behaved politely, while others wee insulting and impolite. 5. Outwardly Sara was friendly towards all those concerned, while inwardly she was angry. VII. 1. Not only did Mr. Smith learn the Chinese language, but he also bridged the gap between his culture and ours. 2. Not only did we learn the technology through the online course, but we also learned to communicate with friends in English. 3. Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives. 4. Not only do the workers want a pay increase, but they also want reduced working hours. 5. Not only is the house expensive, but it is also too far away from my company. Translation VIII. 1. Not only can students choose when and where to learn for an online course, but they can also take time to think through answers before making a reply. 2. She is excited by the idea of online learning while be considers it meaningless and useless. 3. Communicating with native English speakers is a very rewarding experience from which we can learn a lot. 4. Today, more and more people have access to the Internet through which they look for the information they need. 5. He wants her to give up working and stay home to look after the children. She feels, however, that this is too much for her. 6. Now that we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work. IX. 1. 我永远都不会忘记那位老师,是他告诉我学外语是有趣的、有价值的。如果没有他,我的英语说得不会像现在这样好。


3.Many products for sale seem to scream at us, "Buy me! Buy me!" Advertising is a big busin ess in our world with many products competing for our attention. Think of the last time you boug ht clothes. You probably noticed the variety of colors, patterns, fabrics and brands you could choo se from. Which kind of soft drink would you like to have today or what kind of computer do you want? Advertisers are skilled in the art of making their products look the best to appeal to our se nses. But products aren't always what they seem. Sometimes advertising is deceptive and as cons umers ,we must be careful about what we choose to buy. It is important to learn to compare prod ucts and identify our purpose in purchasing the things we need. But the good thing about advertising is that it helps people to make decisions and refine thei r choices. In the United States, the Ad Council creates timely public service messages to the nation. Th eir purpose is to raise awareness of public problems that citizens can respond to. Inspiring ads ca use individuals to take action and even save lives. Pollution in America, for example has been red uced over the years because of the creative Public Service advertisements that the council provid es" Please, please don't be a litter bug, 'cause every 'litter bit' hurts." Many families have taught t heir children to place litter in the trash can in response to this catchy phrase, which has affected g enerations as each succeeding generation has taught their children not to litter. 4.Nature imposes difficult conditions upon the earth from time to time . The tornado and fo rest fire destroy natural resources ,homes and other structures ,and very often harm or kill peopl e . Technological tragedies happen with little or no warning as we see trains crash and airplanes f all from the sky shortly after take-off. As tragic as calamities are , they seem to bring out the best in human nature . people trained in em ergency care arrive at the scene and begin assisting the inj ured .Others come with equipment to remove debris. Men , women ,and young people willingly c ome to the scene of an accident , hoping to be of help in some way . These selfless acts of kindne ss make our world a better place . compassion eases the wounds of calamities. American Airlines flight number 587 crashed less than three minutes after taking off from JF K Airport in New York in November,2001. Witnesses s aw an engine fire develop on the plane’s nu mber one engine located under the left wing of the aircraft .seconds later ,the airliner crashed int o eight homes ,completely destroying four of them .All 260 people aboard the airplane were kille d along with six people at the crash site ,leaving many people to mourn the loss of their loved on es .the residents (people who live in the area of the crash ) rallied together to comfort those griev ing, while others removed bodies from the wreckage and did the necessary clean-up. 工程实施困难的条件下在地上的时候。龙卷风和森林火灾破坏自然资源,房屋和其他建筑物,和经常伤害或杀死人。技术的悲剧发生在很少或没有预警,因为我们看到火车事故,飞机起飞后不久就从天空坠落。一样悲惨的灾难,他们似乎显示出人性中最好的。在急诊受训的人到达现场并开始帮助受伤的人则跟设备清除残骸。男人,女人,和年轻人自愿来到事故现场,希望能有帮助。这些无私的善举让我们的世界变得更美好。同情减轻灾害的伤口。 美国航空公司587号航班坠毁不到三分钟后从纽约肯尼迪机场起飞,11月2001。目击者看到一个引擎火灾发展在飞机上的1号引擎位于下飞机的左翼,接着后,客机坠毁八家,完全摧毁了四个260名乘客的飞机遇难连同6人在事故现场,造成许多人悼念失去的亲人,居民(住在崩溃的面积)聚集在一起,安慰那些悲伤,而另一些人则从残骸,并把尸体移走必要的清理。 5.Success can be reached in different ways by people in different careers. Bill Gates began at age to program computers,His vision for personal computing has been central to the success of M icrosoft Corporation, the company he founded with his childhood friend in 1975 . The former CEO of General Electric, Jack Welch, is a business legend. A famous quote by Mr. Welch is,” Chang before you have to. ”He believes in leading by example and encourages his empl oyees to do their best every day. Michael Jordan s aid,”I accept failure, but I can’t accept not trying.” He is one of the best athl etes to ever play team sports. His great smile, athletic achievements, and pleasant personality ha ve made him one of the most famous athletes in the world. Michael Jordan spent a lot of time pla ying basketball as a child but in senior middle school he was taken off the team . Instead of giving up , he worked through adversity and became the greatest basketball player yet .


1. Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate form of the word in brackets. 1. (attention) Correct answer inattention 2. (qualify) Correct answer qualified Correct answer Navigation 4. Correct answer participants 5. Correct answer unconscious 6. Correct answer competence 7. Correct answer inequalities 8. morning. (request) Correct answer

requested 9. Correct answer varied 10. Correct answer partners 2. Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate preposition or adverb. 11. Correct answer in 12. Correct answer of 13. Correct answer to 14. accident. Correct answer at 15. Correct answer beyond 16.

Your answer Correct answer from from 17. Your answer Correct answer to to 18. Your answer Correct answer on on 19. Your answer Correct answer in in Your answer Correct answer On On 3. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the best answer from the choices given. 21. The buses, ___________ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd. A. most of which B. both of which C. few of them D. those of which 22. There's only one man ____________ the job. A. qualified for


Unit 1 Vocabulary 1.F ill in the gaps with words……. 1). Respectable 2).agony 3).put down 4).sequence 5).hold back 6).distribute 7).off and on 8).vivid 9).associate 10).finally 11).turn in/out 12).tackle 2. Rewrite each sentence…… 1)…has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office. 2)….was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not. 3)….a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time. 4)….gave the command the soldiers opened fire. 3. Complete the sentences… 1).reputation; rigid; to inspire 2).and tedious; What’s more; out of date ideas 3).compose; career; avoid showing; hardly hold back Ⅱ. Synonyms in Context

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/d516757467.html,posed 2.severe 3.agony 4.extraordinary 5.recall https://www.sodocs.net/doc/d516757467.html,mand 7.was violating 8.anticipate Ⅲ.Collocation 1.at 2.for 3.of 4.with 5.as 6.about 7.to 8.in; in 9.from 10.on/upon Comprehensive Exercises Ⅰ.Cloze Text-related (1).hold back (2).tedious (3).scanned (4).recall (5).vivid (6).off and on (7).turn out/in (8).career Theme-related (1).last (2).surprise (3).pull (4).blowing (5). dressed (6).scene (7).extraordinary (8).image (9).turn (10).excitement Ⅱ.Translation 1.A s it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to. 2.H is girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took


Key to Exercises Opener Mary is thinking of getting a tattoo tomorrow afternoon. She asks Mel to join her, but Mel cannot because she has to work tomorrow. And then Mary invites Mel to go to a party tomorrow night. Mel hesitates at first, but finally decides to go with Mary. They will meet at eight o’clock. Abbreviation Meaning 1. TGIF Thank God it’s Friday 2. AMA Ask me anything 3. OMG Oh my God! 4. YOLO You only live once 5. FOMO Fear of missing out 6. FYI For your information 7. LOL Laugh out loud 8. TBH To be honest 9. PPL People 10. ETA Estimated time of arrival Transcript: A: Hey, Mary. B: Hey, Mel. A: TGIF.

B: TGIF. A: Mel, I need some advice on something. B: AMA A: Yeah, thanks. I’m thinking of getting a tattoo. B: OMG! Really Are you serious A: Well, YOLO. B: That’s true. A: Well. B: When are you going to do it A: I’m thinking tomorrow afternoon. Do you want to come B: Oh, I’d love to come, but I’ve got to work tomorrow. Oh, major FOMO. A: What a shame! B: Yeah, A: Well, FYI, there’s a party tomorrow night. And if you are not busy, you can come to that instead. B: I’m not busy, but TBH I really need to take it easy this weekend. A: What That’s so not like you. B: LOL, that’s true. A: Party is in Hackney Wick. It’s gonna be good, good music, good PPL. B: Oh, major FOMO again. Oh, what the hell Yes, why not I’ll go.


Unit 1 Personal Relationship In-Class Reading The Gift of Life 以生命相赠 1 炸弹落在了这个小村庄里。在可怕的越南战争期间,谁也不知道这些炸弹要轰炸什么目标,而它们却落在了一所由传教士办的小孤儿院内。 2 传教士和一两个孩子已经丧生,还有几个孩子受了伤,其中有一个小女孩,8岁左右,双腿被炸伤了。 3 几小时后,医疗救援小组到了。医疗小组由一名年轻的美国海军医生和一名同样年轻的海军护士组成。他们很快发现有个小女孩伤势严重。显然,如果不立即采取行动,她就会因失血过多和休克而死亡。 4 他们明白必须给小女孩输血,但是他们的医药用品很有限,没有血浆,因此需要匹配的血型。快速的血型测定显示两名美国人的血型都不合适。而几个没有受伤的孤儿却有匹配的血型。 5 医生会讲一点越南语,护士会讲一点法语,但只有中学的法语水平。孩子们不会说英语,只会说一点法语。医生和护士用少得可怜的一点共同语言,结合大量的手势,努力向这些受惊吓的孩子们解释说,除非他们能输一些血给自己的小伙伴,否则她将必死无疑。然后他们问孩子们是否有人愿意献血来救小女孩。 6 对医生和护士的请求,孩子们瞪大眼睛,一声不吭。此时小病人生命垂危。然而,只有这些受惊吓的孩子中有人自愿献血,他们才能够得到血。过了好一会儿,一只小手慢慢地举了起来,然后垂了下去,一会儿又举了起来。 7 “噢,谢谢,”护士用法语说。“你叫什么名字?” 8 “兴,”小男孩回答道。 9 兴很快被抱到一张床上,手臂用酒精消毒后,针就扎了进去。在整个过程中,兴僵直地躺着,没有出声。 10 过了一会儿,他发出了一声长长的抽泣,但立即用那只可以活动的手捂住了自己的脸。 11 “兴,疼吗?”医生问。 12 兴默默地摇了摇头,但一会儿忍不住又抽泣起来,并又一次试图掩饰自己的哭声。医生又问是不是插在手臂上的针弄疼了他,兴还是摇了摇头。 13 但现在,偶尔的抽泣变成了持续无声的哭泣。他紧紧地闭着眼睛,用拳头堵住嘴,想竭力忍住哭泣。 14 医疗小组此时非常担忧,因为针不会使他们的小输血者一直感到疼痛。一定是哪里出了问题。恰好这时,一名越南护士前来帮忙。看到小男孩在哭,她用越南话很快地问他原因。听了小男孩的回答后,又立即作了回答。护士一边说,一边俯身轻轻拍着小男孩的头,她的声音亲切柔和。 15 一会儿,小男孩不再哭了,他睁开眼睛,用质疑的目光看着越南护士。护士点了点头,小男孩的脸上马上露出了宽慰的神色。 16 越南护士抬起头平静地对两名美国人说: “他以为自己快死了。他误解了你们。以为你们要他献出所有的血,小女孩才能活下来。” 17 “那他为什么还愿意这么做呢?”海军护士问。 18 越南护士把这个问题向小男孩重复了一遍。小男孩简单地回答道: “她是我的朋友。” 19 他为了朋友甘愿献出自己的生命,没有比这更伟大的爱了。


Unit 1 Living in Harmony Enhance Your Language Awareness 1. Text A amaze bunch bundle capacity commerce conquer display drop roast rob style symbol vague figure Text B appreciate participate shift slip 1)My neighbours are a friendly bunch of people. 2)Dave amazed his friends by leaving a well-paid job to travel around the world. 3)The employees in this company work an eight-hour shift . 4)The professor came to the classroom with a bundle of newspapers under his arm. 5)A passenger asked the driver: “Could you drop me off near the post office? I'd like to post a letter.” 6)The little girl's capacity for learning languages astonished me. 7)How many countries will be participating in the Olympic Games? 8)I like the typically French style of living. It is so romantic. 9)They have made their fortunes from industry and commerce . 10)They threatened to shoot him and rob him of all his possessions.


Teaching Planning College English Integrated Course Book Three Unit Two The Freedom Givers Zhong wen 1.Background Information Teacher: zhong wen Students: 56 sophomores Content of the textbook: unit-2 text A the Freedom Givers Textbook: foreign language teaching and research press Time duration:10 minutes 2.Textbook Analysis The author tells three stories about the Underground Railroad and early Black civil rights movement. The three stories are chosen because they are representative of all participants in this movement: John Parke r is a freed slave who later turned into a courageous “conductor”; Levi Coffin is a brave white “conductor”; Josiah Henson is a slave who struggled his way to freedom with the help of the Underground Railroad. We learn about the name of Josiah Henson at the beginning of the text, yet his full story is not told until the last part. In this way the author achieves coherence of text. 3.Students Analysis The class is made up of 56 students, with 30 girls and 26 boys ,who have a good knowledge of Basic English, but know very little about the American culture behind the language. So in this introduction part, It is necessary to introduce some background information to the students before reading 4.Teaching Objectives Students will be able to: 1.understand the main idea(early civil-rights struggles in the US, esp. the underground Railroad) 2.grasp the key language points and grammatical structures in the text, 3.conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit 4.Appreciate the various techniques employed by the writer (comparison and contrast, topic sentence followed by detail sentences, use of transitional devices,etc.); 5.Teaching Procedures: Greetings Step 1 Lead-in T: Today we are going to talk about the ethic heroes in American history, before the class, I’d like to introduce the slavery to all of you. T: Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States, during his term of office; he led the civil war and abolished the slavery. T: In the battle against slavery, not only did the president try his best to abolish this system, but also the people, especially the black people living in the South America try hard to fight for their own feat. Today, we will introduce some freedom givers in the American history. Before