Unit 1 Growing Up
As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.
2.他的女朋友劝他趁抽烟的坏习惯尚未根深蒂固之前把它改掉。（take hold） His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold.
Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.
It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. / Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.
It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage. /The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.
Inspire vivid scan face up with finally
Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.
One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye /she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be bale to lead a useful life.
Unit 2 Friendship
Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.
2）玛丽看上去对汉语考试很担心，因为她还没有背熟课文。（learn...by heart）Mary seems to be very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by heart.
Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum.
4)整个二次世界大战期间他一直和父母住在澳大利亚。（all the way）
He stayed in Australia with his parents all the way through WWⅡ. 5)自1985年从南京大学毕业至今，可以说我与我的大学同学失去了联系。（kind of，lose touch）
Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with my classmates.
a couple of keep in touch come up neighborhood on one’s mind
keep up correspondence
It is not easy to keep in touch with friends far away. This is true in my case.
It has been a couple of years since I left my old neighborhood and all the friends there. I have been meaning to write to them but things come up and I just don’t seem to find the time. They are always on my mind, however, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up correspondence with them in the future.
Unit 3 Understanding Science
As is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious problems humans are faced with.
Competition for these jobs is very tough –we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year/ there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.
3)正如事实表明的那样，教育大纲应当符合国家的经济发展计划。（fit into） As the facts show, educational programs need to fit into the national plan for economic development.
4)这辆汽车太费油（burn too much gas），而且价格几乎是我想付的两倍。（moreover）
The car burns too much gas, and moreover, the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.
To understand a great international event, we, first of all, need to consider the historical and political background to it.
很难想象我们的先辈（forefathers）没有现代技术带来的这么多方便（conveniences）,那日子是怎么过的。那个时候只有一小部分人享受一些舒适条件（comforts）。大部分人都吃不饱，更不要说（not to speak of）接受教育的特权了。然而，许多人责怪现代技术，说它带来了很多问题。他们想减慢进步的速度。但是谁也不能阻止时代的前进。
bring about do without educate proportion put the clock back
rate slow down sufficient
It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that modern technology has brought about. Back then only a small proportion of the population enjoyed the comforts of life. The majority didn’t even have sufficient food, not to speak of/ let alone the privilege of being educated.However, many people blame modern technology for creating so many problems. They want to slow down the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back.
Unit 4The American Dream
It is reported that UN mediators have worked out a plan which they hope will be acceptable to both sides.
Doris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by giant snakes.
Earthquakes, typhoons and other natural disasters cannot be prevented, but action can be taken to protect life and property.
I bought a new issue of my favorite sports magazine and hurried home,
anxious to amuse myself reading it.
5)海伦缺乏信心。我从未遇到过像她那样没有自信的（unsure of oneself）人。
Helen lacks confidence. I’ve never known anyone so unsure of herself.
Turn down call on amaze loan determination
After graduating from college, Tony decided to start his own business. At the beginning, many a bank turned down his request for a loan. But he was not a bit discouraged, and continued to call on one banker after another seeking help. Impressed by his determination and optimism, one banker finally agreed to loan him the money. Now he has become a wealthy businessman. Talking about his amazing achievement, Tony says that it is important to create rather than wait for opportunities.
Unit 5 Work To Live Or Live To Work
I’m not sure where you can find a good carpenter---you’d better ask around.
Feeling a little embarrassed, he quickly cleared his throat and looked up at the painting on the wall.
Michael was survived by three sons, two daughters, and his wife Elizabeth.
As a financial expert, William advised us to invest our money in the stock market.
We small retailers can’t compete with supermarkets in pricing and sales.
各种各样的问题，因此经常熬夜。但是，他还是竭尽全力兼顾（balance/maintain a balance between）工作和家庭。星期日我爸通常呆在家里，尽量多多照顾我们。最使我高兴的是，，他给我们烹饪我们最喜欢的菜肴，还和我们一起打球。favorite straighten out executive stay up manufacture care for
My dad is a hard-working executive of a manufacturing firm. He works six days a week. Every day he has to straighten out various kinds of problems so that he often stays up late/nights. However, he tries his best to balance/maintain balance between work and family. On Sundays my dad usually stays at home and cares for us as much as he can. To my greatest joy, he cooks our favorite dished and plays ball with us.
Unit 6 Romance
1)在我大学之前，祖父对我说的那几句充满智慧的话给我留下深刻印象（wisdom）Before I went off to university, my grandfather gave me a few words of wisdom which impressed me deeply.
2)千万别把我的伤势告诉我父母，我会很感激你的。（be grateful to sb.for sth） Never tell my parents ab out my injuries and I’ll be very grateful to you (for it).
At the meeting some of our colleagues put forward sensible suggestions about improving our working environment.
4)迫于工会的压力，资方（management）同意给工人增加10%的工资。（in response to）
The managem ent has/have agreed to grant the workers a 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.
It was very thoughtful of the hostess to give the house a thorough cleaning before we arrived.
make one’s way locate overseas hesitate previous to keen
Not rich himself, Uncle Li never hesitates to help others. Previous to/Before his retirement, through Project Hope he located the addresses of two country kids who grew up in poor families but had a keen desire
to study. From then on he sent them money regularly. Later the two made their way to college, and even got a chance to study overseas.
Unit 7 Animal Intelligence
A local business undertook the project but went bankrupt before it was completed.
2)我和你做笔交易——你替我洗车，我晚上把车借给你开。（make a deal）Let’s make a deal—you wash my car, and I’ll let you use it tonight.
3)我们到达那个我们本以为已毁于大地震的村庄时，却发现它只是受到轻微的损失。（wipe out，only to）
We got to the village which we thought must have been wiped out in the severe earthquake, only to find it slightly damaged.
My garden is dry and shady—few plants thrive in that condition
Mystery still surrounds the exact truth behind the film star’s death/exact circumstance of the film star’s death.
extend relieve at first release
When I was young I used to visit the zoo in my hometown. There what attracted me most was a couple of tigers, especially the male. They were dept in a huge iron cage at firs t, but later were released from it and moved to a place called Tiger Hill. Twenty years later I revisited the zoo and was relieved to find Tiger Hill was still there, but greatly extended. Moving around now were six tigers, old and young, instead of two!
Unit 8 Educational Problems
Without his personal file, an applicant can hardly expect to get/ be employed as a teacher.
With enough ice, we would be able to chill the drinks.
In my humble opinion, reading us the most pleasant way to spend one’s
Some people said it was simply a miracle that the American athlete Michael Phelps won eight gold medals at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.
The washing machine has broken down, so we have to wash our clothes by hand.
accmulate idle drive(sth)home (to sb） swear portable This morning I heard an interesting piece of news over my portable radio: a man of 36 and his son of 10 attend the same class competing with each other for high marks. The story goes/ It’s like this:
The man, Li Wei by name, was too idle to learn anything when young. With little education, with no useful skills, he could hardly earn an adequate living wage. His life experiences drove home to him the point that he had to acquire knowledge before he was able to accumulate wealth. So Li Wei swore that he would go to school with his son, determined to learn.