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新目标大学英语:《综合教程》第一册(WELearn答案)

新目标大学英语:《综合教程》第一册U1

Textbook Study

Listening

1)challenges

2)developmental

3)considerable

4)Transitioning

5)beauty

6)knowledge

7)lie

8)freedom

9)confident

10)desires

Text B

A:

difficult

familiar

B:

an extracurricular activity

a friend

relaxation methods

for yourself each day

C:

autonomous

identity

interpersonal relationships

purposes

integrity

Writing

My first day of college is an unforgettable day in my life. I woke up early in the morning, curiously and nervously waiting for the moment to set foot on the campus.

I walked with great joy, impressed by the lovely buildings, the old giant trees everywhere throughout the campus, and even more so, by the cool, crisp mountain air that kept hitting my nose. In the central square I stopped for a while, and listened to the music playing on the school’s radio station. Students were happily moving from class to class along the corridors. Professors were smiling broadly and exchanging greetings with students in a friendly manner. All these things reminded me that I

needed to get used to the “college-ways” of doing things, which are so different from those at high school. On that special day, I really felt a new rhythm of life with a mixed sense of duty and liberty.

CET-Oriented Study

Listening

1、B

2、A

3、D

4、D

5、B

6、C

Banked Cloze

(1)E. ignored

(2)H. aware

(3)L. conducted

(4)C. supervisors

(5)F. enlightening

(6)D. harmonious

(7)K. elevate

(8)I. budget

(9)A. devoted

(10)O. fostering

Paragraph Translation(翻译参考)

The effect of globalization on higher education is surprisingly complex. For higher education, globalization implies the social, economic, and technological forces that shape the realities of the 21st century. These elements include advanced information technology, new ways of thinking about financing higher education, and unprecedented mobility for students and professors. Significantly, the idea of mass access to higher education has meant unprecedented expansion of higher education everywhere. There are about 134 million students in postsecondary education worldwide. These global trends are for the most part inevitable.

Unit Tests

Unit Test - I

1-5: CBCAA

6-10: BDDAB

11-15: DBCCD

16-20: ACDAC

Unit Test - II

1-5: CBDCD

(6)G. initial

(7)N. contemplated (8)L. range

(9)B. appropriate (10)E. instrumental (11)O. mobilization (12)A. cope

(13)I. individual (14)D. contributing (15)M. responsibility

16-20: BADDB

21-25: DBDAD

U2

Textbook Study

Listening

1)source

2)heroes

3)bread

4)greatest

5)relationships

6)devotion

7)positive

8)misunderstandings

Text B

1)found that social relationships also dramatically influence our mortality rate.

thinks social relationships have as much of an impact on mortality as risk factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption, and even more of an impact than physical inactivity and obesity.

points out that we exhibit a spontaneous social instinct to make friends from a very early age.

2)states that the highest predictor of happiness is good relationships.

states friendships are often fluid, dependent on where you live and work —and, interestingly, proximity is the highest indicator of a continuing friendship.

believes without face-to-face connection, we

lose something precious in our quality of interaction —which is why she recommends we focus on regularly doing enjoyable things with our friends.

3)states she stays away from people who are negative and drain her energies, and enjoys having friends from different cultures to expand her world instead of relying on one person.

says that deeper friendships expand our inner horizons and enhance the quality of our life.

Writing

Lack of Face-to-Face Communication

Nowadays, with the increasing pace of life, lack of face-to-face communication is becoming a problem that is changing the way we live. The reason is our accelerated pace of life and our failure to control it. Meanwhile, people are getting lazier and spoiled by the convenience of modern life. To get back the happy life we used to have, one solution is to spend less time on the computer and put down our cellphones. We need to talk to our family and friends more, instead of sending emails or text messages. Another possible solution is that we should

spend more time doing things together with loved ones. For example, we could organize parties, visit neighbors, plan family trips, just like in the old times. We should not let social media and electronic devices control us and destroy our way of life.

CET-Oriented Study

Listening

1、D

2、B

3、C

4、B

5、B

6、D

7、C

8、D

Reading Comprehension

(1)E

(2)B

(3)D

(4)I

(5)H

(6)G

(7)A

(8)F

(9)I

(10)J

Paragraph Translation(翻译参考)

Being sociable looks like a good way to add years to your life. Relationships with family, friends, neighbors, even pets, will all do the trick, but the biggest longevity boost seems to come from marriage or an equivalent relationship. Studies suggest that marriage could add as much as seven years to a man’s life and two to a woman’s. The effect holds for all causes of death, whether illness, accident or self-harm.

Unit Tests

Unit Test - I

1-5: BBDCA

6-10: AAACD

11-15: DBBCC

16-20: DADDC

Unit Test - II

1-5: BADCB

(6)N. involving

(7)E. dramatically (8)H. rate

(9)B. consumption (10)L. exhibit

(11)M. interact (12)D. enhanced (13)F. opportunities (14)A. connect

(15)K. bonds

16-20: DBDBA

21-25: CCBDA

U3

Textbook Study

Listening

1)beauty

2)creativity

3)happiness

4)emotions

5)comfort

6)culture

7)difference

8)beneficial

Text B

Research question:

Is playing your favorite song an easy way to make homework bearable, or are you hurting your performance?

Previous research:

Numerous benefits from listening to music (it improves attention, memory, and even mental math ability; it also alleviates depression and anxiety).

Research method:

Students were given a serial recall test in five different scenarios: 1) a quiet environment; 2) with “steady state”speech; 3) with “changing state”speech; 4) with “liked”music, a song of the students’ choice; 5) with “disliked”music.

Findings:

1) No significant difference between test scores with liked music, disliked music, and changing state speech.

2) Scores were significantly higher for tests taken in a quiet environment or with steady-state speech.

Conclusion:

In general, it seems that music with vocals is distracting, while instrumental music might actually help your performance.

Writing

Music Fuels My Mood

Sample 1

Music never fails me. The beauty about it is that I can always find a song to identify with, whether at a time of happiness, loneliness or sorrow. Some scientists have found that people can boost their mood simply by listening to upbeat music. For instance, I listen to pop music with happy melodies, when I have something to celebrate. When feeling relaxed, I love to lay back and listen to jazz in particular. While I am disturbed by the problems of my study, soft music without lyrics will soothe me and make me concentrate. To me, listening to

music can fuel my soul and ultimately lead to a better quality of life.

Sample 2

Everyone has an instinctive understanding of how music interacts with our moods. Some scientists have found that listening to music can improve our moods. Of all types of music I love classical music most because it gives me power and comfort. At a time of happiness, classical music creates such a calming atmosphere that I feel completely at peace. When life disappoints me, however, those masterpieces encourage me and give me strength to recover. Specifically, I love Bach’s music best. Some pieces help me concentrate when I am working. While some other pieces assist me in battling insomnia. Listening to classical music fuels my life and leads to a better quality of life.

CET-Oriented Study

Listening

1、D

2、A

3、D

4、D

5、C

6、C

Banked Cloze

(1)D. plugged

(2)M. led

(3)https://www.sodocs.net/doc/e916744560.html,pared

(4)I. measure

(5)F. estimated

(6)B. amounts

(7)L. opposite

(8)K. diagnosed

(9)J. factors

(10)C. necessarily

Paragraph Translation(翻译参考)

China has a wide variety of folk performing arts featuring, among others, acrobatics, quyi, puppet show and shadow shows. Acrobatics is a pearl in the treasure chest of traditional Chinese performing arts. Chinese acrobatics, a long and rich heritage, has been in existence in China for more than 2,000 years. These

achievements owe greatly to the unique creativity of Chinese acrobats throughout the past centuries. An ancient Chinese performing art, quyi is a general term covering several different types of performances in which speech, singing or both are used.

Unit Tests

Unit Test - I

1-5: BDCCA

6-10: DADBA

11-15: BCADA

16-20: AACDC

Unit Test - II

1-5: BABDD

(6)L. detrimental

(7)N. performance

(8)G. repetitive

(9)E. tune

(10)B. significant

(11)M. distracting

(12)I. environment

(13)A. subjective (14)D. hypothesize (15)O. procedure

16-20: CBACD

21-25: DBACD

U4

Textbook Study Listening

1)inspire

2)unite

3)awaken

4)despair

5)language

6)competition

7)enhances

8)health

9)winning

10)conquering

Text B

5

13

3

12

14

7

Writing

A Memorable Sports Event

Sample 1

The most memorable sports event I have ever taken part in was the city marathon, which I ran with my family last week. Last month, my family saw a news ad for the city marathon and we immediately decided to sign up for it. Our running practice started immediately the next morning. On the day of the marathon, we got to the starting point early enough for the warm-up. At 9 o’clock, lots of runners arrived. Soon, we began to put number tags on our T-shirts. At 9:30, as the starting gun went off, all of us headed out and the long run began. People along the road cheered us on and provided drinking water for us. After 20 miles, all of us slowed down and felt a little tired. Dad, who still led our team, told

us to adjust our breathing and pace. Then later, we started walking and encouraging one another to finish the race. We were so thrilled when we got to the finish, though we didn’t win. Exhausted as we were, we realized that joy and satisfaction come from participation, not from winning the race.

Sample 2

The most exciting soccer match this year was the final game of our school’s soccer tournament to determine the champion. At the beginning, both teams —the chemistry department and the biology department —put forth supreme defensive performances. Meanwhile, both teams kept seeking chances to score a goal, but neither one got the opportunity. At half-time, the advantage lay with the chemistry department. In the second half, the game opened up and several attractive shots were made. But 15 minutes before the end of the game, the chemistry department team’s forward was shown a red card and sent off for serious foul play. The advantage in numbers enabled the biology department team to play confidently and they finally scored 2 goals in the last 10 minutes.

That was a very unexpected but memorable soccer game.

CET-Oriented Study

Listening

1、B

2、C

3、A

4、D

5、B

6、C

Banked Cloze

(1)D.anxiety

(2)I. dropping

(3)N. critical

(4)G. cooperate

(5)H. greatly

(6)F. cautious

(7)A. process

(8)O. enjoying

(9)L. focus

(10)B.high

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